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1. Evaluation of Retinal Circulation Using Segmental-Scanning Doppler Optical Coherence Tomography in Anesthetized Cats. (PubMed)

Evaluation of Retinal Circulation Using Segmental-Scanning Doppler Optical Coherence Tomography in Anesthetized Cats. To study retinal blood flow (RBF) measurement reproducibility using segmental-scanning Doppler optical coherence tomography (DOCT) in vitro in glass capillaries and in vivo in anesthetized cats.As a preliminary study, the flow rates of human blood through glass capillaries were changed by using an infusion pump and measured at 13 preset velocities by DOCT. For in vivo (...) measurement, the cats were anesthetized using sevoflurane. The flow in the parent vessel was compared with the sum of the flow values in the two daughter vessels. The RBF was measured using two different instruments: bidirectional laser Doppler velocimetry (LDV) and DOCT. The reproducibility of the measurements was assessed by calculating the coefficients of variation (CVs) for repeated measurements of RBF at the superior retinal arterioles and venules.In vitro, the flow velocities measured by DOCT agreed

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2016 Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science

2. Cat Scan

Cat Scan Cat Scan Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Cat Scan Cat Scan Aka: Cat Scan , CT From Related Chapters II (...) ) These images are a random sampling from a Bing search on the term "Cat Scan." Click on the image (or right click) to open the source website in a new browser window. Related Studies (from Trip Database) Ontology: X-Ray Computed Tomography (C0040405) Definition (HL7V3.0)

Computed axial tomography

Definition (MEDLINEPLUS) Computed tomography (CT) is a type of imaging. It uses special x-ray equipment to make cross-sectional pictures of your body. Doctors use CT scans to look for Broken bones Cancers

2018 FP Notebook

3. Cat PAD (ToleroMune Cat) for cat allergen-induced rhinoconjunctivitis ? first line

) for cat allergen-induced rhinoconjunctivitis – first line. Birmingham: NIHR Horizon Scanning Centre (NIHR HSC). Horizon Scanning Review. 2013 Final publication URL Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by CRD MeSH Allergens; Catss; Conjunctivitis, Allergic; Rhinitis, Allergic, Perennial Language Published English Country of organisation England English summary An English language summary is available. Address for correspondence The NIHR Horizon Scanning Centre, Department of Public Health (...) Cat PAD (ToleroMune Cat) for cat allergen-induced rhinoconjunctivitis ? first line Cat PAD (ToleroMune Cat) for cat allergen-induced rhinoconjunctivitis – first line Cat PAD (ToleroMune Cat) for cat allergen-induced rhinoconjunctivitis – first line NIHR HSC Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation NIHR HSC. Cat PAD (ToleroMune Cat

2013 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

4. Intraoral Scanning Provides Comparable Accuracy to Conventional Impression Materials for Orthodontic Treatment Planning

Intraoral Scanning Provides Comparable Accuracy to Conventional Impression Materials for Orthodontic Treatment Planning UTCAT3313, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Intraoral Scanning Provides Comparable Accuracy to Conventional Impression Materials for Orthodontic Treatment Planning Clinical Question Can intraoral scanning provide as much accuracy and detail as conventional impressions for orthodontic (...) treatment planning? Clinical Bottom Line Intraoral scanning can provide equal or greater accuracy compared to some conventional impression materials and may aid in orthodontic treatment planning. In some cases, intraoral scanning may be a clinically acceptable alternative, especially as digital technology continues to improve. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level of evidence) #1) Grunheid/2014 15 orthodontic

2018 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

5. API-CAT STUDY for APIxaban Cancer Associated Thrombosis

API-CAT STUDY for APIxaban Cancer Associated Thrombosis API-CAT STUDY for APIxaban Cancer Associated Thrombosis - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. API-CAT STUDY for APIxaban Cancer Associated (...) Thrombosis (API-CAT) The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03692065 Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting First Posted : October 2, 2018 Last Update Posted : October 11, 2018 See Sponsor: Assistance Publique

2018 Clinical Trials

6. Is a saber-tooth cat’s roar worse than it’s bite?

Is a saber-tooth cat’s roar worse than it’s bite? Is a saber-tooth cat's roar worse than it's bite? | PLOS Blogs Network PLOS Blogs Staff Blogs Blogs by Topic Biology & Life Sciences Earth & Environmental Sciences Multi-disciplinary Sciences Medicine & Health Research Analysis & Scientific Policy Diverse perspectives on science and medicine Staff Blogs Blogs by Topic Biology & Life Sciences Earth & Environmental Sciences Multi-disciplinary Sciences Medicine & Health Research Analysis (...) examines the cortical bone density in many specimens of the saber-tooth cat Smilodon fatalis from the La Brea Tar Pits in order to test the strength of these cat’s bites through time. The fossil record is fantastic for observing such changes to a population, and tied in with evidence from the geological record, paleontologists can infer ancient climates and their impacts on the organisms that inhabited the planet. Paleontologists that work with the La Brea Tar Pits in southern California are especially

2016 PLOS Blogs Network

7. Lymphadenitis associated with cat-scratch disease simulating a neoplasm: Imaging findings with histopathological associations (PubMed)

Lymphadenitis associated with cat-scratch disease simulating a neoplasm: Imaging findings with histopathological associations The lymphadenitis associated with cat-scratch disease (CSD) is often confused with neoplasms by a number of radiologists and clinicians, and consequently, unnecessary invasive procedures or surgeries are performed. In the present study, the contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of 10 patients (6 men and 4 women (...) ) with clinically and pathologically confirmed lymphadenitis associated with CSD were retrospectively analyzed (CT in 3 patients, MRI in 6 patients, and CT and MRI in 1 patient) at The Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine (Hangzhou, China) between January 2007 and November 2014. As a result, 17 enlarged lymph nodes were identified in 10 cases. The 5 nodes identified by CT scan exhibited relatively inhomogeneous isodensity to muscle, with patchy low density in the center. All 14

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2017 Oncology letters

8. Global cerebral ischemia with subsequent respiratory arrest in a cat after repeated use of a spring-loaded mouth gag (PubMed)

Global cerebral ischemia with subsequent respiratory arrest in a cat after repeated use of a spring-loaded mouth gag A 10-year-old neutered male domestic shorthair cat was evaluated because of signs of stertorous breathing and reverse sneezing of 8 months' duration. A CT scan performed 1 week before evaluation indicated nasopharyngeal stenosis or collapse. Increased respiratory effort, stertorous breathing, coughing, reverse sneezing, bilateral black ocular discharge and mucoid left nasal (...) discharge were noted. Rhinoscopy suggested possible nasopharyngeal stenosis. Balloon dilation was attempted but unsuccessful. Ventral rhinotomy was performed the following day using a spring-loaded mouth gag to access the surgical site. After rhinotomy, the patient had neurologic signs attributed to global cerebral ischemia that progressed to respiratory arrest, subsequently resulting in euthanasia.While ischemic brain injury has been associated with the use of a spring-loaded mouth gag in cats, to our

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2017 JFMS Open Reports

9. Sepsis by Pasteurella multocida in an Elderly Immunocompetent Patient after a Cat Bite (PubMed)

Sepsis by Pasteurella multocida in an Elderly Immunocompetent Patient after a Cat Bite Pasteurella multocida colonizes animal scratches and bites. This bacterium was described to cause sepsis or endocarditis mainly in immunocompromised patients. We report the case of a 92-year-old woman presenting at the Emergency Department with coma and fever a week after the bite of her cat. The cat bite was misdiagnosed at admission partly due to an underestimation of this event by the patient's relatives (...) . An inflamed area localized at perimalleolar skin of the right leg was detected. Laboratory biomarkers of inflammation were elevated. The cerebral computed tomography (CT) scan with angiographic sequences showed a complete occlusion of right intracranial vertebral artery. Total body CT scan and abdominal echocardiography were negative for foci of infection. Three consecutive blood cultures were positive for Pasteurella multocida. A diagnosis of sepsis by Pasteurella multocida was made, and the patient

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2017 Case reports in infectious diseases

10. Morphology of cat vomeronasal organ non-sensory epithelium during postnatal development (PubMed)

Morphology of cat vomeronasal organ non-sensory epithelium during postnatal development The vomeronasal organ has an important role in mammal's social and sexual behaviours. In addition, it mediates defensive behavior through detection of protein pheromone homologues. In this work, a detailed morphological description of the postnatal development of the non-sensory epithelium (NSE) lining the vomeronasal duct (VND) of the female cat is provided using various histological techniques. The study (...) the lateral side of the VND middle segment is consists of cliated pseudostratified columnar epithelium without goblet cells. In addition to basal cells, the NSE contains ciliated and three types of nonciliated columnar epithelial cells (dark, light, and unstained). Mitotic figures were observed only in the basal cells layer during the first 2 weeks of postnatal development. Intraepithelial invading inflammatory cells were uncommon. Scanning electron microscopy revealed unevenly distributed long cilia

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2017 Anatomy & cell biology

11. Comparable change in stromal refractive index of cat and human corneas following blue-IRIS (PubMed)

(400 nm) were focused ? 300 ?? ? m below the epithelial surface of excised cat and human corneas and scanned to write phase gratings with lines ? 1 ?? ? m wide, spaced 5 ?? ? m apart, using a scan speed of 5 ?? mm / s . Additional cat corneas were used to test writing at 3 and 7 ?? mm / s in order to document speed dependence of the refractive index change magnitude. The first-order diffraction efficiency was immediately measured and used to calculate the refractive index change attained. Our data (...) Comparable change in stromal refractive index of cat and human corneas following blue-IRIS Blue intratissue refractive index shaping (blue-IRIS) is a method with potential to correct ocular refraction noninvasively in humans. To date, blue-IRIS has only ever been applied to cat corneas and hydrogels. To test the comparability of refractive index change achievable in cat and human tissues, we used blue-IRIS to write identical phase gratings in ex vivo feline and human corneas. Femtosecond pulses

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2017 Journal of biomedical optics

12. The effect of position on the precision of dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and correlation with body condition score in dogs and cats (PubMed)

The effect of position on the precision of dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and correlation with body condition score in dogs and cats Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) has been used to assess body composition in dogs and cats in several studies, but studies are difficult to compare for several reasons. The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether positioning of dogs or cats in either dorsal or ventral recumbency during DEXA scanning influences results. Dogs and cats that were (...) brought to the University Hospital for Companion Animals for euthanasia during the period 15 September-6 November 2015 were consecutively recruited if owners signed a written consent. Following euthanasia and before rigor mortis, the animals were body condition scored (BCS, nine-point scale) and DEXA scanned. DEXA measurements of total body mass (TBM), bone mineral content (BMC), bone mineral density (BMD), lean soft tissue mass (LSTM) and body fat (BF) were performed five times in ventral and two

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2017 Journal of nutritional science

13. Successful treatment of tracheal lymphoma in a Siamese cat (PubMed)

Successful treatment of tracheal lymphoma in a Siamese cat An 8-year-old female spayed Siamese indoor cat presented with a 3 week history of inspiratory dyspnoea, stridor and open-mouth breathing after exercise. Laryngoscopy, tracheoscopy, bronchoscopy and retroflexed nasopharyngoscopy were performed, and identified a multilobulated intraluminal mass within the trachea. Brush cytology was performed on the mass but was inconclusive in providing a definitive diagnosis. A CT scan of the neck (...) failed to identify an obvious intraluminal mass and was negative to contrast uptake. Surgery was performed and seven rings of the trachea were removed to enable the complete excision of the mass. Histopathology of the excised mass was consistent with B cell lymphoma. After surgery, chemotherapy treatment was started. At the time of writing, 20 months since diagnosis, the cat remained clinically well, with no clinical signs or recurrence of macroscopic disease on endoscopic evaluation.Upper airway

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2017 JFMS Open Reports

14. Findings on Thoracic Computed Tomography Scans and Respiratory Outcomes in Persons with and without Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: A Population-Based Cohort Study. (PubMed)

); chronic phlegm production (OR,1.87; 95% CI,1.27-2.76); wheeze (OR,1.61; 95% CI,1.05-2.48); dyspnoea (OR,2.90; 95% CI,1.41-5.98); CAT score≥10(OR,2.17; 95%CI,1.42-3.30) and risk of ≥2 exacerbations over 12 months (OR,2.17; 95% CI, 1.42-3.0).Burden of thoracic CT abnormalities is high among Canadians ≥40 years of age, including never-smokers and smokers with normal lung function. Detection of emphysema on CT scans is associated with pulmonary symptoms and increased risk of exacerbations, independent (...) Findings on Thoracic Computed Tomography Scans and Respiratory Outcomes in Persons with and without Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: A Population-Based Cohort Study. Thoracic computed tomography (CT) scans are widely performed in clinical practice, often leading to detection of airway or parenchymal abnormalities in asymptomatic or minimally symptomatic individuals. However, clinical relevance of CT abnormalities is uncertain in the general population.We evaluated data from 1361

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2016 PLoS ONE

15. Painful knee prosthesis: CT scan to assess patellar angle and implant malrotation (PubMed)

had undergone total knee prosthesis. 50 subjects suffered from knee anterior pain and 50 without any symptoms. Through CAT scan and VITREA software®, we were able to study the rotation of prosthetic components. We defined a new angle, which links the tibial component and the patella margins. The angles were measured by two different orthopaedic surgeons blinded to the study.The patella angle ranged from 10 to 28°, with an average value of 23.2° in the control group; in the study group the angle (...) Painful knee prosthesis: CT scan to assess patellar angle and implant malrotation According to literature, the incidence of pain in knee prostheses is on the increase. In the last decade Authors have focused attention on rotational alignment of the prosthetic components. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficiency of a new angle, which we define as patellar angle, in order to achieve early diagnosis of malrotation.We set up a retrospective observational study recruiting 100 subjects who

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2017 Muscles, ligaments and tendons journal

16. Cat Scan

Cat Scan Cat Scan Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Cat Scan Cat Scan Aka: Cat Scan , CT From Related Chapters II (...) ) These images are a random sampling from a Bing search on the term "Cat Scan." Click on the image (or right click) to open the source website in a new browser window. Related Studies (from Trip Database) Ontology: X-Ray Computed Tomography (C0040405) Definition (HL7V3.0)

Computed axial tomography

Definition (MEDLINEPLUS) Computed tomography (CT) is a type of imaging. It uses special x-ray equipment to make cross-sectional pictures of your body. Doctors use CT scans to look for Broken bones Cancers

2015 FP Notebook

17. Acromegaly in a non-diabetic cat (PubMed)

Acromegaly in a non-diabetic cat A 14-year-old, neutered male European shorthair cat was evaluated for a routine health check. The owner did not report any clinical signs except for respiratory stridor. On physical examination the main findings were broad facial features and increased interdental spaces. On haematology, a mild, non-regenerative anaemia was detected, whereas the serum biochemistry profile and urinalysis were unremarkable. The serum glucose concentration was within the reference (...) interval. Serum insulin-like growth factor-1 concentration was markedly elevated (>1600 ng/ml). The basal serum growth hormone concentration was elevated and decreased only mildly after somatostatin administration. Basal serum insulin concentration was high, and the insulin concentration increased considerably after glucose loading, consistent with insulin resistance. CT scanning of the skull showed an enlarged pituitary gland and increased skull bone thickness. The final diagnosis was acromegaly.These

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2016 JFMS Open Reports

18. Assessing the Role of Livestock in Big Cat Prey Choice Using Spatiotemporal Availability Patterns (PubMed)

Assessing the Role of Livestock in Big Cat Prey Choice Using Spatiotemporal Availability Patterns Livestock is represented in big cat diets throughout the world. Husbandry approaches aim to reduce depredation, which may influence patterns of prey choice, but whether felids have a preference for livestock or not often remains unclear as most studies ignore livestock availability. We assessed prey choice of the endangered Persian leopard (Panthera pardus saxicolor) in Golestan National Park, Iran (...) , where conflict over livestock depredation occurs. We analyzed leopard diet (77 scats) and assessed wild and domestic prey abundance by line transect sampling (186 km), camera-trapping (2777 camera days), double-observer point-counts (64 scans) and questionnaire surveys (136 respondents). Based on interviews with 18 shepherds, we estimated monthly grazing time outside six villages with 96 conflict cases to obtain a small livestock (domestic sheep and goat) availability coefficient. Using

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2016 PloS one

19. Deadly case of Pasteurella multocida aortitis and mycotic aneurysm following a cat bite (PubMed)

and was treated empirically with broad-spectrum antibiotics and intravenous fluids. He reported previous antibiotic treatment of a cellulitis secondary to a cat bite injury to his right thumb four weeks prior. Abdominal ultrasound and subsequent computed tomography scan revealed a leaking mycotic abdominal aneurysm that was surgically repaired. Blood cultures and aortic wall tissue cultures grew P. multocida. Given how common animal bite presentations are in the ED, this case highlights the need to consider (...) Deadly case of Pasteurella multocida aortitis and mycotic aneurysm following a cat bite Animal bites are frequently encountered in the emergency department (ED). Aortitis leading to mycotic abdominal aortic aneurysm is a rare and potentially deadly complication of Pasteurella multocida (P. multocida) following an animal bite. We present the case of a 68-year-old male who presented to the ED after falling at home. He complained of weakness and abdominal pain. He was in septic shock

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2016 World journal of clinical cases

20. Diagnostic imaging features of normal anal sacs in dogs and cats (PubMed)

Diagnostic imaging features of normal anal sacs in dogs and cats This study was conducted to provide normal reference features for canine and feline anal sacs using ultrasound, low-field magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and radiograph contrast as diagnostic imaging tools. A total of ten clinically normal beagle dogs and eight clinically normally cats were included. General radiography with contrast, ultrasonography and low-field MRI scans were performed. The visualization of anal sacs, which (...) are located at distinct sites in dogs and cats, is possible with a contrast study on radiography. Most surfaces of the anal sacs tissue, occasionally appearing as a hyperechoic thin line, were surrounded by the hypoechoic external sphincter muscle on ultrasonography. The normal anal sac contents of dogs and cats had variable echogenicity. Signals of anal sac contents on low-field MRI varied in cats and dogs, and contrast medium using T1-weighted images enhanced the anal sac walls more obviously than

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2016 Journal of veterinary science

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