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Carbamide Peroxide

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1. Impact of Carbamide Peroxide Whitening Agent on Dentinal Collagen. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Impact of Carbamide Peroxide Whitening Agent on Dentinal Collagen. Carbamide peroxide (CP) is widely used as a tooth-whitening agent in self-administered tooth-bleaching products. In this study, the effects of 5% and 10% CP on dentinal collagen structure and chemical properties were evaluated in vitro. Thirty-five intact teeth were exposed to 2 whitening protocols (2 or 4 h daily) with either 5% or 10% CP gel for 1 wk. Shade changes before and after the whitening protocol were captured

2019 Journal of Dental Research

2. Carbamide Peroxide Gel is as Effective as Hydrogen Peroxide Gel for Teeth Whitening

Carbamide Peroxide Gel is as Effective as Hydrogen Peroxide Gel for Teeth Whitening UTCAT2226, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Carbamide Peroxide Gel is as Effective as Hydrogen Peroxide Gel for Teeth Whitening Clinical Question In an adult patient with natural dentition, is carbamide peroxide gel as effective as hydrogen peroxide gel for teeth whitening? Clinical Bottom Line Hydrogen peroxide gel (...) and carbamide peroxide gel both provide statistically significant whitening improvement after two weeks. Both gels are also equal in their effectiveness in bleaching teeth. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level of evidence) #1) Delgado/2007 46 adults Randomized Controlled Trial Key results Both the carbamide peroxide and hydrogen peroxide treated groups showed statistically significant whitening improvement after 5, 7

2012 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

3. 6.5% Hydrogen Peroxide and 10% Carbamide Peroxide Effectively Treat Tetracycline-Stained Teeth

6.5% Hydrogen Peroxide and 10% Carbamide Peroxide Effectively Treat Tetracycline-Stained Teeth UTCAT2237, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title 6.5% Hydrogen Peroxide and 10% Carbamide Peroxide Effectively Treat Tetracycline-Stained Teeth Clinical Question In a patient with tetracylcine staining, does the at-home bleaching system successfully whiten teeth as compared to no treatment at all? Clinical Bottom (...) Line 6.5% hydrogen peroxide and 10% carbamide peroxide effectively treat tetracycline-stained teeth. This is supported by a clinical trial that successfully showed patients improved their tooth shade over a 6 month period of time of using a take-home tray-less kit of 6.5% hydrogen peroxide gel. Carbamide peroxide is also an effective treatment that has shown to have lasting effects for at least 90 months after a 6 month treatment course. These treatments are effective options that many patients

2012 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

4. Effect of CPP-ACP on efficacy and postoperative sensitivity associated with at-home vital tooth bleaching using 20% carbamide peroxide. (Abstract)

Effect of CPP-ACP on efficacy and postoperative sensitivity associated with at-home vital tooth bleaching using 20% carbamide peroxide. To evaluate CPP-ACP effect on colour change and tooth sensitivity (TS) associated with at-home vital tooth bleaching using 20% carbamide peroxide (CP).A randomised double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial was conducted to measure the TS and tooth colour change of 24 patients at 3-day, 7-day, 14-day and 30-day periods. The participants were instructed

2018 Clinical oral investigations Controlled trial quality: predicted high

5. High-concentration carbamide peroxide can reduce the sensitivity caused by in-office tooth bleaching: a single-blinded randomized controlled trial Full Text available with Trip Pro

High-concentration carbamide peroxide can reduce the sensitivity caused by in-office tooth bleaching: a single-blinded randomized controlled trial Objectives A single-blinded, randomized, parallel clinical trial evaluated the use of 37% carbamide peroxide (CP) on bleaching effectiveness and tooth sensitivity reported by patients undergoing in-office tooth bleaching, in comparison with the results of using 35% hydrogen peroxide. Material and Methods Forty patients were allocated to receive two (...) sessions of in-office tooth bleaching using either 35% hydrogen peroxide (HP) or 37% CP. Each patient's sensitivity level was evaluated during and up to 24 h after bleaching. The effectiveness of the bleaching procedures was evaluated with a spectrophotometer one week after each session and 30 days after the last session. The impact of tooth bleaching on the patients' perceptions regarding smile changes, in addition to the bleaching procedures and their results, were also recorded. Absolute

2018 Journal of Applied Oral Science Controlled trial quality: uncertain

6. Mercury Leakage from Amalgam Restorations due to Carbamide Peroxide

Mercury Leakage from Amalgam Restorations due to Carbamide Peroxide UTCAT2393, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Mercury Leakage from Amalgam Restorations due to Carbamide Peroxide Clinical Question In adults with amalgam restorations, can teeth-whitening products like carbamide peroxide cause a release of mercury? Clinical Bottom Line All three in vitro studies indicated that carbamide peroxide could (...) and 48 spherical amalgam discs treated with 16% carbamide peroxide (Nite White) at 14 and 28 hours were found to release more mercury than controlled group (p #2) Gurgan/2007 62 amalgam discs (Tgloy, Septalloy NG 50, Dispersalloy, Permite C) In vitro Key results 62 amalgam discs from four different brands exposed to 16% and 30% carbamide peroxide for different lengths were found to release a significant amount of Hg compared to controlled group (p 0.05). However, Dispersalloy (admixed alloy) had

2013 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

7. Effect of Tri Calcium Phosphate on Efficacy and Sensitivity With Vital Tooth Whitening Using 20% Carbamide Peroxide

Effect of Tri Calcium Phosphate on Efficacy and Sensitivity With Vital Tooth Whitening Using 20% Carbamide Peroxide Effect of Tri Calcium Phosphate on Efficacy and Sensitivity With Vital Tooth Whitening Using 20% Carbamide Peroxide - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number (...) of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Effect of Tri Calcium Phosphate on Efficacy and Sensitivity With Vital Tooth Whitening Using 20% Carbamide Peroxide The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03026725 Recruitment Status : Completed First Posted : January

2017 Clinical Trials

8. Efficacy of 10 percent Carbamide Peroxide as an Intracoronal Bleaching Agent in Nonvital Discolored Primary Teeth: An In Vitro Study. (Abstract)

Efficacy of 10 percent Carbamide Peroxide as an Intracoronal Bleaching Agent in Nonvital Discolored Primary Teeth: An In Vitro Study. The purpose of this study was to evaluate, in vitro, the efficacy of 10 percent carbamide peroxide used as an intracoronal bleaching agent in blood-stained primary teeth.Thirty extracted primary canines were stained using rabbit blood and randomly divided into two groups of 15 teeth each. Stained teeth in the test group were bleached intracoronally using 10 (...) percent carbamide peroxide for 21 days. The bleaching agent was replaced at days seven and 14. The control group was not subjected to bleaching, and a cotton pellet damped with distilled water was placed in the pulp chamber. Shade alteration from the prestaining value was evaluated using a VITA Easyshade spectrophotometer at days zero, seven, 14, and 21.All specimens in the test group returned to the initial baseline shade, with no significant differences from the prestaining values (P=0.097). Teeth

2017 Journal of dentistry for children (Chicago, Ill.)

9. Carbamide Peroxide

Carbamide Peroxide Carbamide Peroxide Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Carbamide Peroxide Carbamide Peroxide Aka (...) : Carbamide Peroxide , Debrox , Murine Ear From Related Chapters II. Indications III. Contraindications s IV. Mechanisms Carbamide Peroxide 6.5% in anhydrous glycerol Acts as a peroxide to debride ear V. Dosing Instill 3-5 drops in affected ear bid Images: Related links to external sites (from Bing) These images are a random sampling from a Bing search on the term "Carbamide Peroxide." Click on the image (or right click) to open the source website in a new browser window. Related Studies (from Trip

2018 FP Notebook

10. Comparison of efficacy of tray-delivered carbamide and hydrogen peroxide for at-home bleaching: a systematic review and meta-analysis. (Abstract)

Comparison of efficacy of tray-delivered carbamide and hydrogen peroxide for at-home bleaching: a systematic review and meta-analysis. The aim of the study was to compare the color change produced by tray-delivered carbamide peroxide [CP] versus hydrogen peroxide products [HP] for at-home bleaching through a systematic review and meta-analysis.MEDLINE via PubMeb, Scopus, Web of Science, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature database (LILACS), Brazilian Library in Dentistry

2016 Clinical oral investigations

11. A Study for Tooth Bleaching via Carbamide Peroxide-Loaded Hollow Calcium Phosphate Spheres Full Text available with Trip Pro

A Study for Tooth Bleaching via Carbamide Peroxide-Loaded Hollow Calcium Phosphate Spheres The objective of this study was to investigate if a prolonged bleaching effect of carbamide peroxide-loaded hollow calcium phosphate spheres (HCPS) can be achieved. HCPS was synthesized via a hydrothermal reaction method. Carbamide peroxide (CP) was-loaded into HCPS by mixing with distilled water as solvent. We developed two bleaching gels containing CP-loaded HCPS: one gel with low HP concentration (...) effect, and showed a strong ability to degrade rhodamine B. After soaking in PBS for 3 days, remineralization was observed at the sites where HCPS attached to the teeth surface. CP-loaded HCPS could prolong the HP release behavior and improve the bleaching effect. HCPS was effective in increasing the whitening effect of carbamide peroxide and improving remineralization after bleaching process.

2016 Dentistry Journal

12. IN-OFFICE TOOTH BLEACHING WITH 37% CARBAMIDE PEROXIDE

IN-OFFICE TOOTH BLEACHING WITH 37% CARBAMIDE PEROXIDE IN-OFFICE TOOTH BLEACHING WITH 37% CARBAMIDE PEROXIDE - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. IN-OFFICE TOOTH BLEACHING WITH 37% CARBAMIDE (...) Sergipe Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: Objectives: This study will determine the clinical efficacy of bleaching agent 37% carbamide peroxide compared to 35% hydrogen peroxide on the change of color scores in anterior superior teeth, in-office bleaching technique after 7, 14 and 37 days; and the Risk to the tooth sensitivity before, during and 24 hours after the procedure. Materials and Methods: Fifty patients will be selected for this single-blind, parallel, randomized-controlled

2016 Clinical Trials

13. Efficacy and safety of over-the-counter whitening strips as compared to home-whitening with 10 % carbamide peroxide gel-systematic review of RCTs and metanalysis. (Abstract)

Efficacy and safety of over-the-counter whitening strips as compared to home-whitening with 10 % carbamide peroxide gel-systematic review of RCTs and metanalysis. The study aims to compare the efficacy and safety of over-the-counter whitestrips with the American Dental Association (ADA)-recommended home-whitening using the 10 % carbamide peroxide gel.Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing the clinical efficacy and safety of the whitestrips with the 10 % carbamide peroxide (10 % CP) gel (...) ) were similar, regardless of the whitening method used. The observed gingival irritation was higher when the 10 % CP gel was applied on tray (RR 0.43; 95 % CI [0.20-0.93]; Z = 2.14; p = 0.03). The quality of evidence generated was rated very low for all outcomes.There is no sound evidence to support the use of the whitening strips in detriment of the ADA-recommended technique based on the 10 % carbamide peroxide gel applied on tray.To the moment, there is no sound evidence in dental literature

2015 Clinical oral investigations

14. Evaluation of remineralization capacity of casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate on the carbamide peroxide treated enamel. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Evaluation of remineralization capacity of casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate on the carbamide peroxide treated enamel. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential of casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) in remineralizing the bleached enamel surface using micro-hardness.Thirty human enamel slabs were randomly divided into three groups (n = 10). Groups A and B were exposed to 20% carbamide peroxide and 35% carbamide peroxide gel, respectively. After (...) of variance at the significance level of α =0.05.There was a significant decrease in micro-hardness of enamel in carbamide peroxide bleached groups. However, there was a significant increase in micro-hardness after the remineralization by CPP-ACP and the extent of remineralization is more for the Group B.That bleaching agents reduced enamel micro-hardness and the use of CPP-ACP after bleaching can significantly enhance the micro-hardness of bleached enamel.

2015 Journal of pharmacy & bioallied sciences Controlled trial quality: uncertain

15. Clinical performance of topical sodium fluoride when supplementing carbamide peroxide at-home bleaching gel. (Abstract)

Clinical performance of topical sodium fluoride when supplementing carbamide peroxide at-home bleaching gel. This clinical study evaluated the use of 0.11% topical sodium fluoride (SF) desensitizing agent to treat tooth sensitivity during a nightguard tooth whitening procedure. Thirty-two subjects bleached their teeth with 10% carbamide peroxide (CP) gel using an at-home bleaching technique with custom trays. During bleaching treatment, subjects were divided into 2 groups (n = 16). The subjects

2015 General dentistry

16. Effect of Catalase and Sodium Fluoride on Human Enamel bleached with 35% Carbamide Peroxide Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effect of Catalase and Sodium Fluoride on Human Enamel bleached with 35% Carbamide Peroxide To evaluate the effects of postbleaching antioxidant application fluoridation treatment on the surface morphology and microhardness of human enamel.Ten freshly extracted human maxillary central incisors were cut at cementoenamel junction. Crown portion was sectioned into six slabs which were divided into five groups: group A - untreated controls; group B - 35% carbamide peroxide (CP); group C - 35% CP (...) and catalase; group D - treatment with 35% CP and 5% sodium fluoride; group E - 35% CP, catalase and 5% sodium fluoride. Thirty-five percent carbamide peroxide application included two applications of 30 minutes each at a 5-day interval. After treatment, the slabs were thoroughly washed with water for 10 seconds and stored in artificial saliva at 37°C until the next treatment. Two percent sodium fluoride included application for 5 minutes. Three catalase included application for 3 minutes.After 5 days

2015 International journal of clinical pediatric dentistry

17. Assessment of efficacy and post-bleaching sensitivity of home bleaching using 10% carbamide peroxide in extended and non-extended bleaching trays. (Abstract)

Assessment of efficacy and post-bleaching sensitivity of home bleaching using 10% carbamide peroxide in extended and non-extended bleaching trays. This study aimed to compare the effect of extended margin and conventional bleaching trays on tooth bleaching and tooth sensitivity. METHOD AND METHODS: Twenty subjects (18-56 years) were investigated in a split arch design clinical study that was conducted in a general dental practice. Each subject received a custom made bleaching tray and 10 (...) % carbamide peroxide gel. The bleaching trays had the borders extended 5 mm beyond the gingival margins on the right side and finished just at the gingival margin on the left side. Shade change and tooth sensitivity were the primary outcomes studied and analysed in this study. The shade of the six upper and lower anterior teeth was assessed using a value-ordered shade guide before, one week and two weeks after treatment. Sensitivity was self-assessed using a visual analogue scale (VAS) at the end

2015 British Dental Journal

18. Dental Bleaching Techniques; Hydrogen-carbamide Peroxides and Light Sources for Activation, an Update. Mini Review Article Full Text available with Trip Pro

Dental Bleaching Techniques; Hydrogen-carbamide Peroxides and Light Sources for Activation, an Update. Mini Review Article Hydrogen and carbamide peroxides have been successfully used for many years; in the past century the dental bleaching technique suffered several changes and almost 10 years before new millennium the technique was finally recognized by the international agencies of regulation. It is important that Dentists handle the peroxides with the essential knowledge, because (...) it is demonstrated that satisfactory final results of this technique depend on the correct diagnosis of stains, management of the substrates (enamel and dentin) and as well sensitivity. Dentists are exposed to several dental bleaching techniques, products and brands, and in the last 2 decades the devices for light activation of the peroxides have become an extensive catalog. Today, the technique is also suffering changes based on the effectiveness of the different light sources for peroxide activation and its

2015 The open dentistry journal

19. Microhardness and roughness of enamel bleached with 10% carbamide peroxide and brushed with different toothpastes: an in situ study. (Abstract)

Microhardness and roughness of enamel bleached with 10% carbamide peroxide and brushed with different toothpastes: an in situ study. This in situ study evaluated the roughness and microhardness of enamel bleached with 10% carbamide peroxide (PC10) and brushed with different toothpastes.Two groups of volunteers received PC10 and placebo agents for 21 days in two phases in a crossover 2 × 3 study. Fragments of human enamel were distributed among intraoral removable appliances (IRA). Nine

2014 Journal of international oral health : JIOH Controlled trial quality: uncertain

20. Effect of 38% carbamide peroxide on the microleakage of silorane-based versus methacrylate-based composite restorations. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effect of 38% carbamide peroxide on the microleakage of silorane-based versus methacrylate-based composite restorations. This study aimed to assess the effect of 38% carbamide peroxide on the microleakage of class V cavities restored with either a silorane-based composite or two methacrylate-based composites.A total of 96 class V cavities were prepared on the buccal surface of extracted human teeth with both enamel and dentin margins and were randomly assigned into three groups of Filtek P90 (...) (3M-ESPE) + P90 system adhesive (3M-ESPE)(group A), Filtek Z250 (3M-ESPE) + Adper Prompt L-Pop (3M-ESPE)(group B) and Filtek Z350XT (3M-ESPE) + Adper Prompt L-Pop (group C). Half of the teeth were randomly underwent bleaching (38% carbamide peroxide, Day White, Discus Dental, applying for 15 min, twice a day for 14 day) while the remaining half (control) were not bleached. Dye penetration was measured following immersion in basic fuchsine. Data were statistically analyzed using Kruskal-Wallis

2014 Restorative dentistry & endodontics Controlled trial quality: uncertain

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