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Bubo

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1. Aspergillus Section Nigri-Associated Calcium Oxalate Crystals in an Eurasian Eagle Owl (Bubo bubo) (PubMed)

Aspergillus Section Nigri-Associated Calcium Oxalate Crystals in an Eurasian Eagle Owl (Bubo bubo) An adult male Eurasian eagle owl (Bubo bubo) housed at a wildlife rehabilitation facility in southern Oregon died after a short period of progressive ill-thrift. Radiographs taken prior to death demonstrated abnormal radiopaque material in the coelom and the owl was submitted for postmortem examination. Black pigmented fungus was noted grossly, particularly in the respiratory tissues

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2018 Case Reports in Veterinary Medicine

2. The first clinical cases of Haemoproteus infection in a snowy owl (Bubo scandiacus) and a goshawk (Accipiter gentilis) at a zoo in the Republic of Korea (PubMed)

The first clinical cases of Haemoproteus infection in a snowy owl (Bubo scandiacus) and a goshawk (Accipiter gentilis) at a zoo in the Republic of Korea This study reports two clinical cases of avian haemosporidian infection caused by a Haemoproteus sp., involving a snowy owl (Bubo scandiacus) and a goshawk (Accipiter gentilis), at a zoo. The snowy owl died after presenting with anorexia, depression and lethargy. A blood smear with Wright's staining confirmed Haemoproteus infection. Necropsy

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2018 The Journal of Veterinary Medical Science

3. Necroptosis of infiltrated macrophages drives Yersinia pestis dispersal within buboes (PubMed)

Necroptosis of infiltrated macrophages drives Yersinia pestis dispersal within buboes When draining lymph nodes become infected by Yersinia pestis (Y. pestis), a massive influx of phagocytic cells occurs, resulting in distended and necrotic structures known as buboes. The bubonic stage of the Y. pestis life cycle precedes septicemia, which is facilitated by trafficking of infected mononuclear phagocytes through these buboes. However, how Y. pestis convert these immunocytes recruited by host (...) targets. Dying macrophages also produced chemotactic sphingosine 1-phosphate, enhancing cell-to-cell contact, further promoting infection. This necroptosis-driven expansion of infected macrophages in buboes maximized the number of bacteria-bearing macrophages reaching secondary lymph nodes, leading to sepsis. In support, necrostatins confined bacteria within macrophages and protected mice from lethal infection. These findings define necrotization of buboes as a mechanism for bacterial spread

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2018 JCI insight

4. Columbid herpesvirus-1 mortality in great horned owls (Bubo virginianus) from Calgary, Alberta (PubMed)

Columbid herpesvirus-1 mortality in great horned owls (Bubo virginianus) from Calgary, Alberta Four cases of Columbid herpesvirus-1 infection in great horned owls (Bubo virginianus) were identified in Calgary, Alberta. Necropsy findings included severe multifocal hepatic and splenic necrosis, pharyngeal ulceration and necrosis, and gastrointestinal necrosis. Occasional eosinophilic intranuclear viral inclusion bodies were associated with the foci of necrosis and polymerase chain reaction (PCR

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2012 The Canadian Veterinary Journal

5. Lymphogranuloma Inguinale (Tropical Bubo) (PubMed)

Lymphogranuloma Inguinale (Tropical Bubo) 20784853 2011 04 04 2011 04 04 0007-1447 1 4299 1943 May 29 British medical journal Br Med J Lymphogranuloma Inguinale (Tropical Bubo). 660-1 Stammers F A FA eng Journal Article England Br Med J 0372673 0007-1447 2010 8 27 6 0 1943 5 29 0 0 1943 5 29 0 1 ppublish 20784853 PMC2283018

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1943 British medical journal

6. Anti-Chancroidal Drugs Tested by the Hetero-Inoculation of Bubo Fluid from the Treated Donor (PubMed)

Anti-Chancroidal Drugs Tested by the Hetero-Inoculation of Bubo Fluid from the Treated Donor 14777888 2004 02 15 2018 12 01 0007-134X 26 3 1950 Sep The British journal of venereal diseases Br J Vener Dis Anti-chancroidal drugs tested by the hetero-inoculation of bubo fluid from the treated donor. 131-5 WILLCOX R R RR eng Journal Article England Br J Vener Dis 0421042 0007-134X OM Body Fluids Chancroid Humans Vaccination 5120:7816:192 CHANCROID 1950 9 1 1950 9 1 0 1 1950 9 1 0 0 ppublish

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1950 British Journal of Venereal Diseases

7. The History of the Recognition of a New Venereal Disease, Comprising Climatic Bubo, Lymphogranuloma Inguinale, Esthiomène, Chronic Elephantiasis and Ulceration of the Vulva, the Genito-ano-rectal Syndrome, Inflammatory Stricture of the Rectum: President' (PubMed)

The History of the Recognition of a New Venereal Disease, Comprising Climatic Bubo, Lymphogranuloma Inguinale, Esthiomène, Chronic Elephantiasis and Ulceration of the Vulva, the Genito-ano-rectal Syndrome, Inflammatory Stricture of the Rectum: President' 19989013 2010 06 22 2010 06 22 0035-9157 26 1 1932 Nov Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine Proc. R. Soc. Med. The History of the Recognition of a New Venereal Disease, Comprising Climatic Bubo, Lymphogranuloma Inguinale, Esthiomène

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1932 Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine

8. CLIMATIC BUBO AND LYMPHOGRANULOMA INGUINALE (PubMed)

CLIMATIC BUBO AND LYMPHOGRANULOMA INGUINALE 20319691 2010 06 24 2010 06 24 0008-4409 31 5 1934 Nov Canadian Medical Association journal Can Med Assoc J CLIMATIC BUBO AND LYMPHOGRANULOMA INGUINALE. 496-500 Kinneard G G Bahamas General Hospital, Nassau, Bahamas, W.I. eng Journal Article Canada Can Med Assoc J 0414110 0008-4409 2010 3 24 6 0 1934 11 1 0 0 1934 11 1 0 1 ppublish 20319691 PMC403602

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1934 Canadian Medical Association Journal

9. On Non-Venereal Bubo (PubMed)

On Non-Venereal Bubo 20756476 2011 03 29 2011 03 29 0007-1447 2 1865 1896 Sep 26 British medical journal Br Med J On Non-Venereal Bubo. 842-4 Godding C C CC eng Journal Article England Br Med J 0372673 0007-1447 2010 8 27 6 0 1896 9 26 0 0 1896 9 26 0 1 ppublish 20756476 PMC2510773

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1896 British medical journal

10. Non-Venereal Bubo (PubMed)

Non-Venereal Bubo 20757062 2011 03 29 2011 03 29 0007-1447 1 1902 1897 Jun 12 British medical journal Br Med J Non-Venereal Bubo. 1475-6 Godding C C CC eng Journal Article England Br Med J 0372673 0007-1447 2010 8 27 6 0 1897 6 12 0 0 1897 6 12 0 1 ppublish 20757062 PMC2433820

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1897 British medical journal

11. XIV. The significance of the locality of the primary bubo in animals infected with plague in nature (PubMed)

XIV. The significance of the locality of the primary bubo in animals infected with plague in nature 20474317 2010 06 23 2010 06 23 0022-1724 7 3 1907 Jul The Journal of hygiene J Hyg (Lond) XIV. The significance of the locality of the primary bubo in animals infected with plague in nature. 382-94 eng Journal Article England J Hyg (Lond) 0375374 0022-1724 2010 5 18 6 0 1907 7 1 0 0 1907 7 1 0 1 ppublish 20474317 PMC2236246

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1907 The Journal of hygiene

12. A NOTE ON CLIMATIC BUBO (PubMed)

A NOTE ON CLIMATIC BUBO 21772561 2011 11 10 2011 07 20 0007-134X 3 3 1927 Jul The British journal of venereal diseases Br J Vener Dis A NOTE ON CLIMATIC BUBO. 244-6 Hanschell H M HM Hon. Med. Supt. Seamen's Hospital, Royal Albert Dock, London. eng Journal Article England Br J Vener Dis 0421042 0007-134X 2011 7 21 6 0 1927 7 1 0 0 1927 7 1 0 1 ppublish 21772561 PMC1046902

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1927 British Journal of Venereal Diseases

13. Bubo: The Different Kinds and the Differential Diagnosis of the Same (PubMed)

Bubo: The Different Kinds and the Differential Diagnosis of the Same 20891548 2011 03 29 2015 12 25 0027-9684 8 3 1916 Jul Journal of the National Medical Association J Natl Med Assoc Bubo: The Different Kinds and the Differential Diagnosis of the Same. 144-6 Tennant eng Journal Article United States J Natl Med Assoc 7503090 0027-9684 2010 10 5 6 0 1916 7 1 0 0 1916 7 1 0 1 ppublish 20891548 PMC2622274

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1916 Journal of the National Medical Association

14. THE “NON-VENEREAL” OR CLIMATIC BUBO: A CLINICAL STUDY OF A SERIES OF CASES OCCURRING IN A NAVAL HOSPITAL AND ON BOARD SHIP, WITH A DISCUSSION OF VIEWS OF RECENT AUTHORITIES (PubMed)

THE “NON-VENEREAL” OR CLIMATIC BUBO: A CLINICAL STUDY OF A SERIES OF CASES OCCURRING IN A NAVAL HOSPITAL AND ON BOARD SHIP, WITH A DISCUSSION OF VIEWS OF RECENT AUTHORITIES 21773488 2011 11 10 2011 07 20 0007-134X 7 4 1931 Oct The British journal of venereal diseases Br J Vener Dis THE "NON-VENEREAL" OR CLIMATIC BUBO: A CLINICAL STUDY OF A SERIES OF CASES OCCURRING IN A NAVAL HOSPITAL AND ON BOARD SHIP, WITH A DISCUSSION OF VIEWS OF RECENT AUTHORITIES. 243-75 Gibson P L PL eng Journal

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1931 British Journal of Venereal Diseases

15. THE “NON-VENEREAL” OR CLIMATIC BUBO: A CLINICAL STUDY OF A SERIES OF CASES OCCURRING IN A NAVAL HOSPITAL AND ON BOARD SHIP, WITH A DISCUSSION OF VIEWS OF RECENT AUTHORITIES (PubMed)

THE “NON-VENEREAL” OR CLIMATIC BUBO: A CLINICAL STUDY OF A SERIES OF CASES OCCURRING IN A NAVAL HOSPITAL AND ON BOARD SHIP, WITH A DISCUSSION OF VIEWS OF RECENT AUTHORITIES 21773493 2011 11 10 2011 07 20 0007-134X 8 1 1932 Jan The British journal of venereal diseases Br J Vener Dis THE "NON-VENEREAL" OR CLIMATIC BUBO: A CLINICAL STUDY OF A SERIES OF CASES OCCURRING IN A NAVAL HOSPITAL AND ON BOARD SHIP, WITH A DISCUSSION OF VIEWS OF RECENT AUTHORITIES. 1-47 Gibson P L PL eng Journal Article

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1932 British Journal of Venereal Diseases

16. Chancroidal Bubo Cured by Sulfanilamide (PubMed)

Chancroidal Bubo Cured by Sulfanilamide 18745145 2008 08 29 2008 11 20 0093-4038 50 5 1939 May California and western medicine Cal West Med Chancroidal Bubo Cured by Sulfanilamide. 361 Doughty J F JF eng Journal Article United States Cal West Med 0414326 0093-4038 1939 5 1 0 0 1939 5 1 0 1 1939 5 1 0 0 ppublish 18745145 PMC1660452

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1939 California and western medicine

17. Infestation of an owl (Bubo bubo) with Lucilia spp. (PubMed)

Infestation of an owl (Bubo bubo) with Lucilia spp. Myiasis is an infestation of tissue with the larval stage of dipterous flies. This condition mostly affects the skin but may also occur in certain body cavities. It can occur in either animals or humans and is caused by parasitic dipterous fly larvae feeding on the host's necrotic or living tissue. This disease rarely effects birds especially owls. In this study, infestation of an owl with cutaneous myiasis is reported. In October 2008 (...) in Iran of an infestation of the Eurasian eagle owl (Bubo bubo) with L. sericata and L. cuprina (Diptera: Calliphoridae).

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2009 Comparative clinical pathology

18. Overview of sexually transmitted infections

can lead to scarring and fibrosis causing lymphoedema of the genitals, or formation of strictures and fistulae if anorectal involvement. Identification of LGV serovars of Chlamydia trachomatis from the swab of a genital ulcer or aspiration of a bubo provides definitive diagnosis. A sexually transmitted infection caused by the fastidious, gram-negative coccobacillus Haemophilus ducreyi that is common in Africa, Asia, and South America. Classically presents with the acute onset of a painful genital (...) ulcer with fluctuant lymphadenitis (bubo formation). Chancroid is an important cofactor in HIV transmission, and HIV status must be assessed. Most cases resolve with antibiotic therapy, and recurrence is rare. An acute ascending polymicrobial infection of the female upper genital tract that is frequently associated with Neisseria gonorrhoeae or Chlamydia trachomatis . Dayan L. Pelvic inflammatory disease. Aust Fam Physician. 2006 Nov;35(11):858-62. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17099803?tool

2018 BMJ Best Practice

19. Lymphogranuloma venereum

; presents as painful, unilateral, inguinal or femoral lymphadenopathy (often referred to as 'inguinal syndrome'). Proctocolitis has emerged as a more typical presentation in men who have sex with men (particularly those who are HIV-positive). Chronic inflammation can lead to scarring and fibrosis causing lymphoedema of the genitals, or formation of strictures and fistulae if anorectal involvement. Identification of Chlamydia trachomatis from the swab of a genital ulcer or aspiration of a bubo (...) is definitive diagnosis. Doxycycline is the preferred first-line treatment; macrolides are an alternative treatment option (e.g., in pregnant or lactating women, or patients with allergies to tetracyclines). Large buboes may be aspirated, but incision and drainage or surgical excision of buboes may complicate healing. Definition Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) is a STD caused by Chlamydia trachomatis serovars L1, L2, or L3, which are endemic to the tropics, but rare in developed regions. Infection occurs

2018 BMJ Best Practice

20. Overview of sexually transmitted diseases

can lead to scarring and fibrosis causing lymphoedema of the genitals, or formation of strictures and fistulae if anorectal involvement. Identification of LGV serovars of Chlamydia trachomatis from the swab of a genital ulcer or aspiration of a bubo provides definitive diagnosis. A sexually transmitted infection caused by the fastidious, gram-negative coccobacillus Haemophilus ducreyi that is common in Africa, Asia, and South America. Classically presents with the acute onset of a painful genital (...) ulcer with fluctuant lymphadenitis (bubo formation). Chancroid is an important cofactor in HIV transmission, and HIV status must be assessed. Most cases resolve with antibiotic therapy, and recurrence is rare. An acute ascending polymicrobial infection of the female upper genital tract that is frequently associated with Neisseria gonorrhoeae or Chlamydia trachomatis . Dayan L. Pelvic inflammatory disease. Aust Fam Physician. 2006 Nov;35(11):858-62. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17099803?tool

2018 BMJ Best Practice

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