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Body Mass Index

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161. Synergic Impact of Body Mass Index, Diabetes, and Age on Long-Term Mortality in Japanese Incident Hemodialysis Patients: A Cohort Study on a Large National Dialysis Registry. (Abstract)

Synergic Impact of Body Mass Index, Diabetes, and Age on Long-Term Mortality in Japanese Incident Hemodialysis Patients: A Cohort Study on a Large National Dialysis Registry. The relationships among body mass index (BMI), diabetes, age, and all-cause mortality in hemodialysis patients remain unclear. We examined BMI-stratified relationships between diabetes, age, and the risk of long-term mortality in incident hemodialysis patients.This is a cohort study. Data were obtained from the national

2020 Journal of Renal Nutrition

162. Is body mass index associated with irregular menstruation: a questionnaire study? Full Text available with Trip Pro

Is body mass index associated with irregular menstruation: a questionnaire study? Irregular menstrual cycles including the length of cycles and menses, and heavy menstrual blood loss are linked to many gynaecological diseases. Obesity has been reported to be associated with irregular menstrual cycles. However, to date, most studies investigating this association are focused on adolescence or university students. Whether this association is also seen in adult women, especially women who had (...) a history of birth has not been fully investigated.Questionnaire data were collected from 1012 women aged 17 to 53 years. Data on age, weight and height, gravida, the length of menstrual cycles and menses, and the number of pads used during menses were collected. Factors associated with menstrual cycle according to BMI categories were analysed.There were no differences in the length of menstrual cycles and menses in women of different body mass index (BMI) groups. However, there was a significant

2020 BMC Women's Health

163. Another side of the association between body mass index (BMI) and clinical outcomes of cancer patients receiving programmed cell death protein-1 (PD-1)/ Programmed cell death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) checkpoint inhibitors: A multicentre analysis of immune-related (Abstract)

Another side of the association between body mass index (BMI) and clinical outcomes of cancer patients receiving programmed cell death protein-1 (PD-1)/ Programmed cell death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) checkpoint inhibitors: A multicentre analysis of immune-related Several studies have found an association between higher body mass index (BMI) and improved clinical outcomes in cancer patients receiving programmed cell death protein-1 (PD-1)/programmed cell death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) checkpoint inhibitors

2020 European Journal of Cancer

164. Height predict incident non-alcoholic fatty liver disease among general adult population in Tianjin, China, independent of body mass index, waist circumference, waist-to-height ratio, and metabolic syndrome. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Height predict incident non-alcoholic fatty liver disease among general adult population in Tianjin, China, independent of body mass index, waist circumference, waist-to-height ratio, and metabolic syndrome. Early-life hormonal and nutritional factors can greatly influence the risk of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Adult height is a simple marker for these factors. This study aimed to investigate the association between adult height and NAFLD.We performed a prospective cohort study

2020 BMC Public Health

165. Preoperative Screening for Obstructive Sleep Apnea Using Alternative Scoring Models of the Sleep Tiredness Observed Pressure-Body Mass Index Age Neck Circumference Gender Questionnaire: An External Validation. (Abstract)

Preoperative Screening for Obstructive Sleep Apnea Using Alternative Scoring Models of the Sleep Tiredness Observed Pressure-Body Mass Index Age Neck Circumference Gender Questionnaire: An External Validation. The Sleep Tiredness Observed Pressure-Body mass index Age Neck circumference Gender (STOP-Bang) questionnaire is a validated preoperative screening tool for identifying patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Although it has a high sensitivity at scores ≥3, its specificity (...) is moderate, particularly for scores of 3-4. This study aimed to externally validate the STOP-Bang questionnaire and the alternative scoring models that have been proposed to improve its predictive performance.This prospective cohort study included 115 surgical patients with preoperative STOP-Bang scores of 3-8. Type 3 sleep recordings identified moderate-to-severe OSA, reflected by an apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) of >15. Patients were categorized into 2 subgroups: patients with an intermediate (STOP-Bang 3

2020 Anesthesia and Analgesia

166. Body mass index and peripheral artery disease. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Body mass index and peripheral artery disease. An independent association of body mass index (BMI) with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease is somewhat controversial and may differ by vascular bed. Sex-specific risk factors for atherosclerosis may further modify these associations. Obesity and peripheral artery disease (PAD) are both more prevalent in women. We sought to determine the association between PAD and BMI using a very large population-based study.Self-referred individuals

2020 Atherosclerosis

167. Finding the Body Mass Index Cutoff for Hospital Readmission After Ambulatory Hernia Surgery. (Abstract)

Finding the Body Mass Index Cutoff for Hospital Readmission After Ambulatory Hernia Surgery. The suitability of ambulatory surgery in obese patients remains controversial. This study aimed to investigate the "cutoff" value of body mass index (BMI) associated with increased likelihood of hospital readmissions within the first 24 hours of surgery in patients undergoing ambulatory hernia repair.The study used data from the 2012-2016 American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality

2020 Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica

168. Dual-Plane versus Prepectoral Breast Reconstruction in High-Body Mass Index Patients. (Abstract)

Dual-Plane versus Prepectoral Breast Reconstruction in High-Body Mass Index Patients. Breast reconstruction in patients with a high body mass index (BMI) (≥30 kg/m) is technically challenging and is associated with increased postoperative complications. The optimal reconstructive approach for these patients remains to be determined. This study compared outcomes of prepectoral and dual-plane reconstruction in high-BMI patients to determine whether there was an association between postoperative

2020 Plastic and reconstructive surgery

169. Body Mass Index Best Predicts Recovery of Recombinant Factor VIII in Underweight to Obese Patients with Severe Haemophilia A. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Body Mass Index Best Predicts Recovery of Recombinant Factor VIII in Underweight to Obese Patients with Severe Haemophilia A.  Factor VIII (FVIII) products are usually dosed according to body weight (BW). This may lead to under- or over-dosing in underweight or obese patients, respectively. This article evaluates the pharmacokinetics (PK) of recombinant FVIII concentrate, particularly recovery, in relation to body mass index (BMI) and other body composition descriptors. Thirty-five previously (...) treated adults with severe haemophilia A from five BMI categories (underweight, normal, overweight, obese class I and II/III) were included. PK was evaluated after 50 IU per kilogram of BW single-dose recombinant FVIII (turoctocog alfa). The body composition variable was based on measurements of weight, height, bioimpedance analysis, and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. A dosing model was derived to achieve similar peak FVIII activity levels across BMI categories. A statistically significant positive

2020 Thrombosis and haemostasis

170. Body Mass Index and Lymphedema Morbidity: Comparison of Obese Versus Normal-Weighted Patients. (Abstract)

Body Mass Index and Lymphedema Morbidity: Comparison of Obese Versus Normal-Weighted Patients. Obesity is a risk factor for the development of secondary lymphedema after axillary lymphadenectomy and radiation. The purpose of the study was to determine if obesity influences the morbidity of lymphedema in patients who have the condition.Two cohorts of patients were compared: Group 1 = normal weight, body mass index (BMI kg/m) ≤25; Group 2 = obese (BMI ≥30). Inclusion criteria were patients ≥ 21

2020 Plastic and reconstructive surgery

171. High body mass index hinders fibrosis improvement in patients receiving long-term tenofovir therapy in hepatitis B virus-related cirrhosis. (Abstract)

High body mass index hinders fibrosis improvement in patients receiving long-term tenofovir therapy in hepatitis B virus-related cirrhosis. Long-term suppression of hepatitis B virus with tenofovir (TDF) induces fibrosis regression, and repeated liver stiffness (LS) measurement can indicate the improvement of fibrosis. We aimed to investigate predictors for LS improvement assessed by changes in patients receiving long-term TDF therapy in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) with liver cirrhosis. CHB (...) ), and 96 (73.3%) patients have achieved LS improvement. Predictors associated with improvement of LS were low body mass index (BMI), HBeAg positivity, and low CAP value at baseline. In multivariate analysis, low BMI was a single factor independently associated with LS improvement (odds ratio 0.680, 95% CI 0.560-0.825, P < .001). Patients with BMI < 23.5, had a 1.96 times more chance of achieving LS improvement compared to those with BMI ≥ 23.5 (90.1% vs. 46.0%, P = .001). High BMI was a single

2020 Journal of viral hepatitis

172. Body mass index and noninfectious comorbidity in HIV-positive patients commencing antiretroviral therapy in Zimbabwe. (Abstract)

Body mass index and noninfectious comorbidity in HIV-positive patients commencing antiretroviral therapy in Zimbabwe. The aim of the study was to describe the prevalence of elevated body mass index (BMI) in a cohort of treatment-naïve people living with HIV (PLWH) and to investigate the association of BMI with CD4 count and noninfectious comorbidities including hypertension and renal impairment.A retrospective cohort study of 1598 PLWH at the Newlands Clinic in Harare, Zimbabwe was carried out

2020 HIV medicine

173. The effect of body mass index on outcomes following severe blunt chest trauma. (Abstract)

The effect of body mass index on outcomes following severe blunt chest trauma. Obesity has been described as a significant risk factor for adverse outcomes in hospitalized patients. However, recent literature reports an "obesity paradox", suggesting that obesity may have a protective effect in a subset of surgical and critically ill patients. The present study assesses the effect of body mass index (BMI) on outcomes following severe isolated blunt chest trauma.This was a TQIP database study

2020 Injury

174. The Relative Contribution of Socioeconomic and Genetic Factors to Variation in Body Mass Index among Young Adults. (Abstract)

The Relative Contribution of Socioeconomic and Genetic Factors to Variation in Body Mass Index among Young Adults. In light of recent findings on the small proportion of variance in body mass index (BMI) explained by shared environment, and growing interests in the role of genetic susceptibility, we assess the relative contribution of socioeconomic status (SES) and genome-wide polygenic score for BMI to explaining variation in BMI. Our final analytic sample included 4,918 white and 1,546 black

2020 American Journal of Epidemiology

175. Higher body mass index is associated with reinterventions and lower maturation rates after upper extremity arteriovenous access creation. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Higher body mass index is associated with reinterventions and lower maturation rates after upper extremity arteriovenous access creation. A patient's body mass index (BMI) can affect both perioperative and postoperative outcomes across all surgical specialties. Given that obesity and end-stage renal disease are growing in prevalence, we aimed to evaluate the association between BMI and outcomes of upper extremity arteriovenous (AV) access creation.A retrospective single-institution review

2020 Journal of Vascular Surgery

176. Relationship of Body Mass Index With Outcomes After Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement: Results From the National Cardiovascular Data-STS/ACC TVT Registry. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Relationship of Body Mass Index With Outcomes After Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement: Results From the National Cardiovascular Data-STS/ACC TVT Registry. To investigate the relationship of body mass index (BMI) with short- and long-term outcomes after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR).The relationship between BMI and baseline characteristics and procedural characteristics was assessed for 31,929 patients who underwent TAVR between November 1, 2011, and March 31, 2015, from

2020 Mayo Clinic Proceedings

177. Maternal Gestational Diabetes Mellitus Modifies the Relationship Between Genetically Determined Body Mass Index During Pregnancy and Childhood Obesity. (Abstract)

Maternal Gestational Diabetes Mellitus Modifies the Relationship Between Genetically Determined Body Mass Index During Pregnancy and Childhood Obesity. To analyze the interactions between maternal gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and genetically determined maternal body mass index (BMI) during pregnancy on offspring childhood obesity.A total of 1114 Chinese mother-child pairs (560 GDM and 554 non-GDM) were included between August 2009 and July 2011. Maternal genetic risk score (GRS) of BMI (...) during pregnancy was derived on the basis of 12 single nucleotide polymorphisms identified from a genome-wide association study. Offspring's BMI, BMI-for-age z score, weight, weight-for-age z score, waist circumference, sum of skinfolds, and body fat percentage during childhood were measured or calculated.Maternal GRS of BMI during pregnancy significantly interacted with maternal GDM status on childhood risks of overweight and obesity (all P for interaction <.05). After multivariable adjustment, per

2020 Mayo Clinic Proceedings

178. The Potential Effects of Imposing a Body Mass Index Threshold on Patient-Reported Outcomes After Total Knee Arthroplasty. (Abstract)

The Potential Effects of Imposing a Body Mass Index Threshold on Patient-Reported Outcomes After Total Knee Arthroplasty. Operative eligibility thresholds based on body mass index (BMI) alone may risk restricting access to improved pain control, function, and quality of life. This study evaluated the use of BMI-cutoffs to offering TKA in avoiding: 1) 90-day readmission, 2) one-year mortality, and 3) failure to achieve clinically important one-year PROMS improvement (MCID).A total of 4126

2020 Journal of Arthroplasty

179. Low Body Mass Index Is a Predictor for Mortality and Increased Length of Stay Following Total Joint Arthroplasty. (Abstract)

Low Body Mass Index Is a Predictor for Mortality and Increased Length of Stay Following Total Joint Arthroplasty. Malnutrition is a devastating condition which disproportionally affects the elderly population. Malnutrition furthers the pre-existing elevated risk for osteoarthritis in this population, thus exacerbating joint damage in patients and furthering the need for total joint arthroplasty (TJA). A marker for malnutrition is a low body mass index (BMI). The purpose of this study

2020 Journal of Arthroplasty

180. Effects of glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists liraglutide and semaglutide on cardiovascular and renal outcomes across body mass index categories in type 2 diabetes: Results of the LEADER and SUSTAIN 6 trials. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effects of glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists liraglutide and semaglutide on cardiovascular and renal outcomes across body mass index categories in type 2 diabetes: Results of the LEADER and SUSTAIN 6 trials. Associations between body mass index (BMI) and the cardiovascular (CV) and kidney efficacy of glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1 RAs) in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) are uncertain; therefore, data analysed separately from the Liraglutide Effect and Action

2020 obesity & metabolism

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