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Body Mass Index

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161. The relationship between prevalence and severity of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), and body mass index and mid-abdominal circumference in men in a resource-poor community in Southeast Nigeria: a cross-sectional survey. (PubMed)

The relationship between prevalence and severity of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), and body mass index and mid-abdominal circumference in men in a resource-poor community in Southeast Nigeria: a cross-sectional survey. There is paucity of information on the community-based prevalence and severity of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in men who are 40 years and older in the southeast region of Nigeria. This study seeks to determine the community-based prevalence of LUTS (...) and the relationship between LUTS, and body mass index (BMI) and mid-abdominal circumference (MAC) in men.An interviewer-administered, questionnaire-based survey. Three of nine settlement clusters were randomly selected while systematic random sampling of 1 in 3 eligible subjects was used to select participants. Analysis was done using SPSS® version 20.One thousand three hundred and nineteen duly completed questionnaires were analyzed. The respondents are within ages 40-92 years with mean age 54.2 ± 10.2 years

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2019 BMC Urology

162. Impact of maternal body mass index and gestational weight gain on pregnancy complications: An individual participant data meta-analysis of European, North American and Australian cohorts. (PubMed)

Impact of maternal body mass index and gestational weight gain on pregnancy complications: An individual participant data meta-analysis of European, North American and Australian cohorts. To assess the separate and combined associations of maternal pre-pregnancy BMI and gestational weight gain with the risks of pregnancy complications and their population impact.Individual participant data meta-analysis of 39 cohorts.Europe, North America and Oceania.265,270 births.Information on maternal pre

2019 BJOG

163. Cardiorespiratory fitness, body mass index and heart failure incidence. (PubMed)

Cardiorespiratory fitness, body mass index and heart failure incidence. Obesity is associated with increased risk of heart failure (HF). This risk may be modulated by improved cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) as CRF is associated with favourable health outcomes. Thus, we assessed the interaction between body mass index (BMI), CRF and HF.Cardiorespiratory fitness and BMI were assessed in 20 254 US male veterans (mean age 58.0 ± 11.3 years), who completed a maximal exercise treadmill test between

2019 European Journal of Heart Failure

164. The Effect of Body Mass Index on 30-day Complications After Revision Total Hip and Knee Arthroplasty. (PubMed)

The Effect of Body Mass Index on 30-day Complications After Revision Total Hip and Knee Arthroplasty. We aimed to explore the effect of body mass index (BMI) on 30-day complications after aseptic revision total knee arthroplasty (rTKA) and aseptic revision total hip arthroplasty (rTHA), considering BMI as both a categorical and continuous variable.A total of 18,866 patients (9093 rTHA and 9773 rTKA) patients were included for analysis using the American College of Surgeons National Surgical

2019 Journal of Arthroplasty

165. Influence of Body Mass Index on the Clinicopathologic Features of Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma. (PubMed)

Influence of Body Mass Index on the Clinicopathologic Features of Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma. Epidemiologic studies have demonstrated an increased risk for papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) with increasing body mass index (BMI). However, the relationships between excess weight and the behavior of PTC are inconsistent. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of excess weight on clinicopathologic features of PTC and on patient outcomes.Data from 417 patients with PTC who underwent total

2019 Rhinology and Laryngology

166. Glucose effectiveness and its components in relation to body mass index. (PubMed)

Glucose effectiveness and its components in relation to body mass index. Obesity is known to induce a deterioration of insulin sensitivity (SI ), one of the insulin-dependent components of glucose tolerance. However, few studies investigated whether obesity affects also the insulin-independent component, i.e. glucose effectiveness (SG ). This cross-sectional study aimed to analyse SG and its components in different body mass index (BMI) categories.Three groups of subjects spanning different BMI

2019 European journal of clinical investigation

167. Polygenic risk for schizophrenia, disordered eating behaviours and body mass index in adolescents. (PubMed)

Polygenic risk for schizophrenia, disordered eating behaviours and body mass index in adolescents. Recent studies suggest psychotic and eating disorders can be comorbid and could have shared genetic liability. However, this comorbidity has been overlooked in the epidemiological literature.AimsTo test whether polygenic risk scores (PRS) for schizophrenia are associated with disordered eating behaviours and body mass index (BMI) in the general population.Using data from the Avon Longitudinal

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2019 British Journal of Psychiatry

168. Socioeconomic factors, body mass index and bariatric surgery: a Swedish nationwide cohort study. (PubMed)

Socioeconomic factors, body mass index and bariatric surgery: a Swedish nationwide cohort study. Bariatric surgery is considered to be the most effective method of weight loss today. The aim of the present Swedish study, which was performed in a country that has universal health care, was to investigate if there is an association between socioeconomic factors and bariatric surgery by taking body mass index (BMI) into account.In this prospective cohort study, BMI data were collected

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2019 BMC Public Health

169. Lipid profiles as potential mediators linking body mass index to osteoporosis among Chinese adults: the Henan Rural Cohort Study. (PubMed)

Lipid profiles as potential mediators linking body mass index to osteoporosis among Chinese adults: the Henan Rural Cohort Study. This study is to examine the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and osteoporosis in rural areas of China, and then explore whether this association was mediated by lipid profiles. Results showed that with the increasing of BMI, the risk of osteoporosis was reduced, and lipid profiles mediate this association.To examine the relationship between BMI

2019 Osteoporosis International

170. Additive interaction of snoring and body mass index on the prevalence of metabolic syndrome among Chinese coal mine employees: a cross-sectional study. (PubMed)

Additive interaction of snoring and body mass index on the prevalence of metabolic syndrome among Chinese coal mine employees: a cross-sectional study. Although snoring has been previously reported to be associated with metabolic syndrome (MetS), its interaction with body mass index(BMI) on MetS remains unclear. We aimed to examine the individual effects and possible interaction between snoring and BMI on MetS.From July 2013 to December 2013, 3794 employees of coal mining enterprises aged 18 (...) to 65 were recruited from Shanxi province of China. The individual effects were assessed by multivariable logistic regression model. Additive interaction was evaluated by calculating the relative excess risk due to interaction (RERI), attributable proportion due to interaction (AP) and synergy index(S).We found that, after adjusting for potential confounders, odds ratio (OR) and 95% CI for MetS was 1.30 (1.09, 1.56) in occasional snorers and 1.50 (1.24, 1.82) in habitual snorers compared with non

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2019 BMC Endocrine Disorders

171. Editorial Commentary: Medicine Is About Shared Decision Making and Discussion of Risk-Benefit Ratios-Body Mass Index Cutoffs Are Unjust. (PubMed)

Editorial Commentary: Medicine Is About Shared Decision Making and Discussion of Risk-Benefit Ratios-Body Mass Index Cutoffs Are Unjust. As physicians, we have the responsibility of evaluating patient problems and making decisions about their plan of care. In today's world, the paternalistic approach to patient care has been appropriately replaced by shared decision making. Therefore, patients who are undergoing evaluation for elective shoulder arthroscopy procedures should be counseled about (...) the risks and benefits of surgery relative to their clinical presentation both physiologically and orthopaedically. No one medical factor in isolation should be used to decide on the appropriateness of surgery, including an absolute body mass index cutoff. Among the main drivers of these cutoff algorithms are alternative payment models and episodes of care, which are here to stay. Although some aspects of these models are beneficial, we cannot let some of these simplistic algorithms replace our decision

2019 Arthroscopy

172. Editorial Commentary: Complications and Readmission After Elective Arthroscopy-Is Body Mass Index a Trustworthy Measure of Risk? (PubMed)

Editorial Commentary: Complications and Readmission After Elective Arthroscopy-Is Body Mass Index a Trustworthy Measure of Risk? A multivariate analysis of the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database indicates that body mass index is not predictive of complications after elective arthroscopy; however, further analysis reveals underweight and obese patients may be at risk of 30-day morbidity or readmission after shoulder arthroscopy. These findings (...) are consistent with previous reports yet conflict with others, raising concern over the utility of body mass index as a measure of the risk of morbidity and readmission after elective arthroscopy.Copyright © 2019. Published by Elsevier Inc.

2019 Arthroscopy

173. Body Mass Index and 30-Day Adverse Outcomes Among Newly Admitted Residents to Skilled Nursing Facilities. (PubMed)

Body Mass Index and 30-Day Adverse Outcomes Among Newly Admitted Residents to Skilled Nursing Facilities. To examine the association between body mass index (BMI) and outcomes, including discharge to home, hospitalization, death, or continued residence in the skilled nursing facilities (SNFs), among residents newly admitted to SNFs.Retrospective observational design using the national Minimum Data Set 2.0 from 2006 to 2010.SNFs in the United States.Newly admitted SNF residents.Four discharge

2019 Journal of the American Medical Directors Association

174. Normal body mass index (BMI) can rule out metabolic syndrome: An Israeli cohort study. (PubMed)

Normal body mass index (BMI) can rule out metabolic syndrome: An Israeli cohort study. The aim of the study was to assess whether body mass index (BMI) can be used as a simple and reliable survey test for metabolic syndrome.The study is an observational cohort study among patients who visited the Rambam Periodic Examinations Institute (RPEI). We analyzed the correlation between obesity indices and presence of metabolic syndrome. We identified the ideal value of BMI for identification

2019 Medicine

175. Differences in childhood body mass index between lesbian/gay and bisexual and heterosexual female adolescents: A follow-back study. (PubMed)

Differences in childhood body mass index between lesbian/gay and bisexual and heterosexual female adolescents: A follow-back study. To determine whether childhood body mass index (BMI), assessed in childhood, differs between lesbian/gay and bisexual (LGB) and heterosexual late adolescents, and whether childhood social stressors impact the association between sexual orientation and childhood BMI.Participants included 2,070 late adolescents from the Pittsburgh Girls Study, of whom 233 (11.2 (...) %) identified as lesbian or bisexual and 1,837 (88.8%) as heterosexual at ages 17-20 years. Weight and height were used to calculate body mass index (BMI) at ages 10 through 14 years. Data were collected on child reported loneliness at ages 8 to 10 and peer victimization from 10 to 14 years.LGB females had higher BMIs and greater increases in BMI from ages 10-14 years compared to heterosexual females and reported higher levels of loneliness and peer victimization in childhood. Loneliness moderated

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2018 PLoS ONE

176. Factors associated with body mass index in children and adolescents: An international cross-sectional study. (PubMed)

Factors associated with body mass index in children and adolescents: An international cross-sectional study. The increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity in childhood has implications for their future health. There are many potential contributors to overweight and obesity in childhood. The aim was to investigate the association between postulated risk factors and body mass index (BMI) in children and adolescents.Secondary analysis of data from a multi-centre, multi-country, cross

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2018 PLoS ONE

177. Survival in patients on hemodialysis: Effect of gender according to body mass index and creatinine. (PubMed)

Survival in patients on hemodialysis: Effect of gender according to body mass index and creatinine. The association of a higher body mass index (BMI) with better survival is a well-known "obesity paradox" in patients on hemodialysis (HD). However, men and women have different body compositions, which could impact the effect of BMI on mortality. We investigated the effect of gender on the obesity-mortality relationship in Korean patients on HD.This study included 2,833 maintenance patients on HD (...) with better survival only in male patients on HD.BMI could be used as a risk factor for mortality in male patients on HD. However, the mortality of female patients on HD was not related with baseline and follow-up BMI. This suggests that BMI is a good surrogate marker of lean body composition, especially in male patients on HD.

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2018 PLoS ONE

178. Effect of increased body mass index on risk of diagnosis or death from cancer. (PubMed)

Effect of increased body mass index on risk of diagnosis or death from cancer. Whether body mass index (BMI) is causally associated with the risk of being diagnosed with or dying from any cancer remains unclear. Weight reduction has clinical importance for cancer control only if weight gain causes cancer development or death. We aimed to answer the question 'does genetically predicted BMI influence my risk of being diagnosed with or dying from any cancer'.We used a Mendelian randomisation (MR

2019 British Journal of Cancer

179. No effect of graft size or body mass index on risk of revision after ACL reconstruction using hamstrings autograft. (PubMed)

No effect of graft size or body mass index on risk of revision after ACL reconstruction using hamstrings autograft. The current study investigated the distribution of hamstrings graft size and body mass index and any potential effect on the risk of revision surgery in a large prospective cohort of patients undergoing ACL reconstruction. More specifically, the aim of the study was to investigate whether larger graft size or smaller BMI would decrease the risk of revision after ACL

2019 Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy

180. The association between body mass index and postoperative complications, 30-day mortality and long-term survival in Dutch patients with colorectal cancer. (PubMed)

The association between body mass index and postoperative complications, 30-day mortality and long-term survival in Dutch patients with colorectal cancer. This retrospective study aims to examine the association between body mass index (BMI) and serious postoperative complications, 30-day mortality and overall survival in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients.All CRC patients diagnosed between 2008 and 2013 in the south-eastern part of the Netherlands were included. Patients were categorized

2019 European Journal of Surgical Oncology

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