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Body Mass Index

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161. Experiences of weightism among sexual minority men: Relationships with Body Mass Index, body dissatisfaction, and psychological quality of life. (Abstract)

Experiences of weightism among sexual minority men: Relationships with Body Mass Index, body dissatisfaction, and psychological quality of life. Experiences of weightism are associated with reduced psychological quality of life among heterosexual men and women. However, despite noted vulnerability to body image pressures, weightism has not been quantitatively examined among sexual minority men. We tested two hypotheses: first, that Body Mass Index (BMI) and weightism would evidence (...) a curvilinear relationship, such that underweight and overweight men would report experiencing more weightism than men in the "normal" weight range; and second, that a negative association between BMI and quality of life would be explained by experiences of weightism and body dissatisfaction.Sexual minority men living in Australia and New Zealand (N = 2733) completed an online survey and provided data on their height, weight, experiences of weightism, body dissatisfaction, and psychological quality

2018 Social Science & Medicine

162. Performance of body mass index and percentage of body fat in predicting cardiometabolic risk factors in Thai adults Full Text available with Trip Pro

Performance of body mass index and percentage of body fat in predicting cardiometabolic risk factors in Thai adults Body mass index (BMI) and percentage of body fat (PBF) are used to measure obesity; however, their performance in identifying cardiometabolic risk in Southeast Asians is unclear. Generally, Asian women have higher PBF and lower BMI than do men and other ethnic populations. This study was conducted to address whether a discord exists between these measures in predicting obesity (...) -cholesterol, lipoprotein subclasses, apolipoprotein A-I, apolipoprotein B, glucose, hemoglobin A1c, insulin, high-sensitive C-reactive protein (hsCRP), adiponectin, leptin, and 25-hydroxyvitamin D.Twenty-five percent of participants classified as normal-BMI had excessive fat, whereas 9% classified as normal-PBF had excessive BMI. Good relationships were found between BMI and PBF using sex stratification (R2 >0.5). The prevalence of metabolic syndrome was markedly increased in overweight and/or excess body

2018 Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy

163. Impact of body mass index and body weight variabilities on mortality: a nationwide cohort study. (Abstract)

Impact of body mass index and body weight variabilities on mortality: a nationwide cohort study. There is limited information regarding the impact of body mass index (BMI) and body weight (BWt) variabilities on mortality. This study aimed to investigate the association between BMI, BWt variabilities and subsequent mortality in the Korean population.This study used a representative sample cohort enrolled in the national health examination program conducted by the Korean National Health Insurance

2018 International Journal of Obesity

164. Informational value of percent body fat with body mass index for the risk of abnormal blood glucose: a nationally representative cross-sectional study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Informational value of percent body fat with body mass index for the risk of abnormal blood glucose: a nationally representative cross-sectional study. To examine the value of percent body fat (%BF) with body mass index (BMI) to assess the risk of abnormal blood glucose (ABG) among US adults who are normal weight or overweight. We hypothesised that normal-weight population with higher %BF is more likely to have ABG.A cross-sectional study.National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999

2018 BMJ open

165. Diagnostic performance of body mass index to identify excess body fat in children with cerebral palsy. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Diagnostic performance of body mass index to identify excess body fat in children with cerebral palsy. To assess the diagnostic performance of body mass index (BMI) cut-off values according to recommendations of the World Health Organization (WHO), the World Obesity Federation (WOF), and the German Society for Adiposity (DAG) to identify excess body fat in children with cerebral palsy (CP).The present study was a monocentric retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data among children (...) population: WHO: sensitivity 0.768 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.636-0.870), specificity 0.894 (95% CI 0.851-0.928); WOF: sensitivity 0.696 (95% CI 0.559-0.812), specificity 0.934 (95% CI 0.898-0.960); DAG: sensitivity 0.411 (95% CI 0.281-0.550), specificity 0.993 (95% CI 0.974-0.999).Body mass index showed high specificity, but low sensitivity in children with CP. Thus, 'normal-weight obese' children with CP were overlooked, when assessing excess body fat only using BMI.Excess body fat in children

2018 Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology

166. Body Mass Index, Change in Weight, Body Weight Variability and Outcomes in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (from the ACCORD Trial). (Abstract)

Body Mass Index, Change in Weight, Body Weight Variability and Outcomes in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (from the ACCORD Trial). Weight management is highly recommended to patients with diabetes mellitus. However, this prescription is often characterized by weight fluctuations. It remains unclear the effects of weight fluctuations on outcomes in diabetes mellitus. We used the public use dataset from the Action to Control Cardiovascular Risk in Diabetes (ACCORD) trial to assess the effects (...) of baseline weight, change in weight, and body weight variability (BWV) on outcomes. The ACCORD trial participant's weights were documented annually during the trial. Our primary predictor variables were baseline weight, change in body weight (Initial - final) and BWV defined as average successive variability in weight (average absolute difference between successive values) during the trial. Cox proportional hazards model was used. Out of the 10,251 ACCORD participants, 911(8.9%), 2985(29.1%), and 6355(62

2018 American Journal of Cardiology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

167. Influences of Age, Gender, and Body Mass Index on the Depth of the Superficial Fascia of the Arm and Thigh. (Abstract)

Influences of Age, Gender, and Body Mass Index on the Depth of the Superficial Fascia of the Arm and Thigh. Nonsurgical skin-tightening procedures are increasing in popularity because of their noninvasiveness as the energy is transdermally applied to the subcutaneous tissues.To provide precise data on the depth of the superficial fascia for potentially safer and better targeted treatments of arms and thighs.One hundred fifty Caucasian individuals were investigated with an equal distribution

2019 Dermatologic Surgery

168. Body mass index and outcomes of cardiac resynchronization with implantable cardioverter-defibrillator therapy in older patients with heart failure. (Abstract)

Body mass index and outcomes of cardiac resynchronization with implantable cardioverter-defibrillator therapy in older patients with heart failure. To assess the association of body mass index (BMI) with heart failure (HF) outcomes after cardiac resynchronization therapy with defibrillator (CRT-D) implantation.Medicare beneficiaries with HF aged ≥ 65 years (n = 18 922) undergoing first-time CRT-D from the National Cardiovascular Data Registry (NCDR) Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator

2019 European Journal of Heart Failure

169. Investigating the mediators and moderators of child body mass index change in the Time2bHealthy childhood obesity prevention program for parents of preschool-aged children. (Abstract)

Investigating the mediators and moderators of child body mass index change in the Time2bHealthy childhood obesity prevention program for parents of preschool-aged children. The aim of this study was to explore factors which mediated or moderated the effect of the Time2bHealthy online program for parents of preschool-aged children on body mass index (BMI) change.Mediation and moderation analyses of data from a two-arm parallel randomised controlled trial.Randomisation was conducted after

2019 Public health Controlled trial quality: uncertain

170. Impact of Acute Physical Activity on Children's Divergent and Convergent Thinking: The Mediating Role of a Low Body Mass Index. (Abstract)

Impact of Acute Physical Activity on Children's Divergent and Convergent Thinking: The Mediating Role of a Low Body Mass Index. While prior studies have examined the positive influence of physical activity (PA) programs on children's creative potential, they have not explored the mediating roles of psychological and physiological variables. In this study, we investigated the impact of a single dance session as a form of PA on two indicators of creative potential-divergent and convergent (...) thinking, each of which adopts a different cognitive pathway. We also investigated the influence of a physiological condition, low body mass index (BMI), on the relation between PA and creative potential. This was a randomized controlled experiment involving 34 school children randomly assigned to either the dance intervention or a sedentary group based on their BMI profile. We measured the children's divergent and convergent thinking at pre- and post-intervention time points. Following this single PA

2019 Perceptual and motor skills Controlled trial quality: uncertain

171. Body mass index, mammographic density, and breast cancer risk by estrogen receptor subtype. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Body mass index, mammographic density, and breast cancer risk by estrogen receptor subtype. Obesity and elevated breast density are common risk factors for breast cancer, and their effects may vary by estrogen receptor (ER) subtype. However, their joint effects on ER subtype-specific risk are unknown. Understanding this relationship could enhance risk stratification for screening and prevention. Thus, we assessed the association between breast density and ER subtype according to body mass index (...) -assisted techniques. We used polytomous logistic regression to evaluate the association between percent density and ER subtype by BMI subgroup (normal/underweight, < 25 kg/m2 versus overweight/obese, ≥ 25 kg/m2). We used Wald chi-squared tests to assess for interactions between percent density and BMI. Our analysis was stratified by menopausal status and hormone therapy usage at the time of index mammogram.Percent density was associated with increased risk of overall breast cancer regardless

2019 Breast cancer research : BCR

172. Body Mass Index does not affect intraoperative goal-directed fluid requirements. (Abstract)

Body Mass Index does not affect intraoperative goal-directed fluid requirements. Perioperative normovolemia is a major determinant of tissue oxygen availability and postoperative outcome. Thus, adequate volume replacement therapy remains an essential part of perioperative management. Nevertheless, volume optimization in overweight and obese surgical patients with alterations in cardiovascular function, peripheral perfusion, and body composition remains challenging. We, therefore, tested (...) the hypothesis that BMI correlates with fluid requirements during goal-directed management. Furthermore, we evaluated subcutaneous tissue oxygen tension as an indicator of intravascular volume status and peripheral perfusion.Ninety women, undergoing open gynaecologic surgery, were assigned to three groups according to their body mass index (BMI), (lean: BMI 18.5 to 24.9 kg/m2, overweight: BMI 25 to 29.9 kg/m2, obese: BMI > 30 kg/m2). Oesophageal Doppler monitoring guided intraoperative crystalloid

2019 Minerva anestesiologica

173. Prospective Longitudinal Patient-Reported Satisfaction and Health-Related Quality of Life Following DIEP Flap Breast Reconstruction: Relationship with Body Mass Index. (Abstract)

Prospective Longitudinal Patient-Reported Satisfaction and Health-Related Quality of Life Following DIEP Flap Breast Reconstruction: Relationship with Body Mass Index. Breast reconstruction plays a significant role in breast cancer treatment recovery. Introduction of the BREAST-Q questionnaire has facilitated quantifying patient-reported quality of life (QOL) measures promoting improved evidence-based clinical practice. Effects of body mass index (BMI) on patient-reported outcomes and health

2019 Plastic and reconstructive surgery

174. Deleterious Effects of Higher Body Mass Index on Subjective and Objective Measures of Chemotherapy-Induced Peripheral Neuropathy in Cancer Survivors. (Abstract)

Deleterious Effects of Higher Body Mass Index on Subjective and Objective Measures of Chemotherapy-Induced Peripheral Neuropathy in Cancer Survivors. Recent albeit limited evidence suggests that body mass index (BMI) may be a modifiable risk factor to reduce the deleterious effects of chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) in cancer survivors.Purpose was to evaluate for differences in demographic, clinical, pain, sensation, and balance characteristics among three BMI groups. We

2019 Journal of pain and symptom management

175. Low Body Mass Index Is Associated with Higher Odds of COPD and Lower Lung Function in Low- and Middle-Income Countries. (Abstract)

Low Body Mass Index Is Associated with Higher Odds of COPD and Lower Lung Function in Low- and Middle-Income Countries. The relationship of body mass index (BMI) with lung function and COPD has been previously described in several high-income settings. However, few studies have examined this relationship in resource-limited settings where being underweight is more common. We evaluated the association between BMI and lung function outcomes across 14 diverse low- and middle-income countries. We

2019 COPD

176. To What Extent Does Maternal Body Mass Index (BMI) Predict Intentions, Attitudes or Practices of Early Infant Feeding? Full Text available with Trip Pro

To What Extent Does Maternal Body Mass Index (BMI) Predict Intentions, Attitudes or Practices of Early Infant Feeding? Public health guidelines recommend women establish and maintain exclusive breastfeeding to six months postpartum. Women with a Body Mass Index (BMI kg/m2 ) in the overweight or obese range are less likely to initiate and continue breastfeeding than healthy weight women. Evidence for psychological mechanisms of this association using validated methods of measurement is limited

2019 Maternal & child nutrition

177. A Growing Social Divide in Body Mass Index, Strength, and Fitness of Swedish Male Conscripts. Full Text available with Trip Pro

A Growing Social Divide in Body Mass Index, Strength, and Fitness of Swedish Male Conscripts. The aim of the study was to monitor trends in socioeconomic inequalities in body mass index (BMI), cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), and muscular strength over several decades in a population of Swedish males aged 18-19 years.The cohort consists of 1.5 million young men attending military conscript examinations from late 1968 to 2005. Parental education was used as a marker for socioeconomic conditions

2019 The Journal of Adolescent Health

178. The Moderating Role of Cortisol Reactivity on the Link Between Maltreatment and Body Mass Index Trajectory Across Adolescence. (Abstract)

The Moderating Role of Cortisol Reactivity on the Link Between Maltreatment and Body Mass Index Trajectory Across Adolescence. Child maltreatment increases risk for obesity, yet differential effects of maltreatment type remain unclear. Cortisol reactivity may help clarify these effects, given links among cortisol reactivity, maltreatment, and obesity. We examined these associations in boys and girls across adolescence.We collected data from 454 adolescents (212 girls) across four waves (aged 8 (...) -13 years at Time 1), including 303 maltreated youth. We modeled body mass index (BMI) percentile trajectories arrayed by age separately for boys and girls and tested whether cortisol reactivity at Time 1 moderated the association between maltreatment type and BMI growth.In girls, cortisol reactivity moderated the association between maltreatment type and quadratic change in BMI. At low levels of cortisol, sexually abused girls had a steeper quadratic increase in BMI compared with comparison (-.65

2019 The Journal of Adolescent Health

179. Predictive effects of body mass index on immune reconstitution among HIV-infected HAART users in China. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Predictive effects of body mass index on immune reconstitution among HIV-infected HAART users in China. Body mass index (BMI) may contribute somewhat to drug metabolism, and thus affecting the efficacy of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). This study aimed to determine the frequencies of underweight, normal and overweight/obesity at pre-HAART in a large cohort of HIV-infected Chinese patients, and investigate the prospective effects of BMI on immune reconstitution after HAART

2019 BMC Infectious Diseases

180. Muscle fitness and its association with body mass index in children and adolescents aged 7-18 years in China: a cross-sectional study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Muscle fitness and its association with body mass index in children and adolescents aged 7-18 years in China: a cross-sectional study. The present study was the first one aimed to investigate the current muscle fitness and its associated factors among children and adolescents in mainland China.From Nov 2013 to Jul 2014, 2283 children and adolescents aged 7-18 were recruited in Hainan and Shaanxi Provinces in China by cross-sectional design. Information on anthropometry and muscle fitness (...) .Increased body weight may have a positive association with isometric muscle strength measured by grip strength, but a negative one with strength of lifting the body. Sex difference was also found in the performance of flexibility.

2019 BMC Pediatrics

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