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Body Mass Index

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141. Links between age at menarche, antral follicle count, and body mass index in African American and European American women. (PubMed)

Links between age at menarche, antral follicle count, and body mass index in African American and European American women. To examine the relationships between age at menarche, antral follicle count (AFC), and body mass index (BMI) in a multi-ethnic population of women.Community-based, cross-sectional study.Academic setting.A total of 245 African American women and 273 European American women, aged 25-45 years, with regular menstrual cycles and no reproductive disorders. The ethnicity

2019 Fertility and Sterility

142. The longitudinal trajectory of body mass index in the Chinese population: A latent growth curve analysis. (PubMed)

The longitudinal trajectory of body mass index in the Chinese population: A latent growth curve analysis. The objective of this study was to investigate the longitudinal trajectory of BMI in the Chinese population, and to assess whether the gender or other personal characteristics were related to BMI, and whether there was a change in trajectory over time.Data were obtained from 3,574 Chinese (5 to 89 years of age) who participated in the 2000-2011 of the China Health and Nutrition Survey

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2018 PLoS ONE

143. Worldwide trends in body-mass index, underweight, overweight, and obesity from 1975 to 2016: a pooled analysis of 2416 population-based measurement studies in 128·9 million children, adolescents, and adults. (PubMed)

Worldwide trends in body-mass index, underweight, overweight, and obesity from 1975 to 2016: a pooled analysis of 2416 population-based measurement studies in 128·9 million children, adolescents, and adults. Underweight, overweight, and obesity in childhood and adolescence are associated with adverse health consequences throughout the life-course. Our aim was to estimate worldwide trends in mean body-mass index (BMI) and a comprehensive set of BMI categories that cover underweight to obesity

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2017 Lancet

144. Relation of body mass index to risk of developing inflammatory bowel disease amongst women in the Danish National Birth Cohort. (PubMed)

Relation of body mass index to risk of developing inflammatory bowel disease amongst women in the Danish National Birth Cohort. Crohn's disease (CD) has traditionally been associated with weight loss and low BMI, yet paradoxically obesity has recently been suggested as a risk factor for CD, but not for ulcerative colitis (UC). We therefore hypothesized that the relation between BMI and CD is U shaped.To conduct a large population-based prospective cohort study of BMI and later risk of IBD

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2018 PLoS ONE

145. Achilles tendon structure is negatively correlated with body mass index, but not influenced by statin use: A cross-sectional study using ultrasound tissue characterization. (PubMed)

Achilles tendon structure is negatively correlated with body mass index, but not influenced by statin use: A cross-sectional study using ultrasound tissue characterization. Statins are widely used to inhibit cholesterol production in the liver among people with hypercholesterolemia. A recent epidemiological study in the UK has shown that statin use (unlike elevated BMI) is not associated with an increased risk of Achilles tendon rupture. However, because of laboratory reports suggesting (...) ) mm2, CG 59.9 (8.5) mm2) and proportion of echo-type I patterns [ST 70 (10)%, CG 74 (13)%] were equivalent in the two groups. In contrast, there was a negative correlation between BMI (rs = -0.25, p = 0.042) and type I echo values. Obese individuals demonstrated a significantly lower percentage of type I echoes (62 (11)%) than individuals of normal body mass index (73 (10)% p<0.05).These findings demonstrate that there is no evidence of a negative statin influence on Achilles tendon structure

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2018 PLoS ONE

146. Effects of smoking and body mass index on the exposure of fentanyl in patients with cancer. (PubMed)

Effects of smoking and body mass index on the exposure of fentanyl in patients with cancer. The transdermal fentanyl patch is widely used to treat cancer-related pain despite its wide inter- and intrapatient variability in pharmacokinetics. The aim of this study was to investigate whether smoking and body size (i.e. body mass index) influence fentanyl exposure in patients with cancer. These are factors that typically change during treatment and disease trajectories. We performed an explorative

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2018 PLoS ONE

147. High body mass index is a risk factor for difficult deep sedation in percutaneous mitral valve repair. (PubMed)

High body mass index is a risk factor for difficult deep sedation in percutaneous mitral valve repair. The safety and efficacy of deep sedation (DS) in MitraClip® procedures have been shown previously. However, clinical experience demonstrates that in some patients DS is difficult to achieve. We hypothesize that some patient characteristics can predict difficult DS.We prospectively analysed 69 patients undergoing MitraClip® procedures using DS. Application of DS was graded as simple (group 1 (...) characterized by a higher body mass index (33.7 ± 6.0 kg/m2 vs. 26.1 ± 4.1; p = 0.001), younger age (67 ± 13 years vs. 75 ± 13 years; p = 0.044), and reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (36% ± 10 vs. 45% ± 14; p = 0.051) and presented more often with an obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (6.9% vs. 45.5%; p = 0.003). In the multivariate analysis, body mass index was an independent predictor of difficult DS. Using a body mass index of 31 kg/m2 as a cut-off value, the sensitivity of predicting difficult

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2018 PLoS ONE

148. Effectiveness of automatic tube potential selection with tube current modulation in coronary CT angiography for obese patients: Comparison with a body mass index-based protocol using the propensity score matching method. (PubMed)

Effectiveness of automatic tube potential selection with tube current modulation in coronary CT angiography for obese patients: Comparison with a body mass index-based protocol using the propensity score matching method. Reduced image quality from increased X-ray scatter and image noise can be problematic when coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) imaging is performed in obese patients. The aim of this study was to compare the image quality and radiation dose obtained using automatic (...) tube potential selection with tube current modulation (APSCM) with those obtained using a body mass index (BMI)-based protocol for CCTA in obese patients.A total of 203 consecutive obese (BMI > 30 kg/m2) patients were retrospectively enrolled, of whom 96 underwent CCTA with APSCM and 107 underwent a BMI-based protocol. After applying the propensity score matching method, the clinical parameters, subjective and objective image quality, and radiation dose were compared between the APSCM group

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2018 PLoS ONE

149. The relationship between famine exposure during early life and body mass index in adulthood: A systematic review and meta-analysis. (PubMed)

The relationship between famine exposure during early life and body mass index in adulthood: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Previous epidemiologic studies have reported famine exposure during early life association with overweight or obesity in adulthood, but a consistent perspective has not been established to date.To determine, by conducting a systematic review and meta-analysis, whether exposure to famine could increase body mass index (BMI) in adult or not, and assess

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2018 PLoS ONE

150. Association Between Prepregnancy Body Mass Index and Severe Maternal Morbidity. (PubMed)

Association Between Prepregnancy Body Mass Index and Severe Maternal Morbidity. Although high body mass index (BMI) is associated with adverse birth outcomes, the association with severe maternal morbidity is unclear.To examine the association between prepregnancy BMI and severe maternal morbidity.Retrospective population-based cohort study including all singleton hospital births in Washington State, 2004-2013. Demographic data and morbidity diagnoses were obtained from linked birth

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2017 JAMA

151. Association Between Maternal Body Mass Index in Early Pregnancy and Incidence of Cerebral Palsy. (PubMed)

Association Between Maternal Body Mass Index in Early Pregnancy and Incidence of Cerebral Palsy. Maternal overweight and obesity are associated with increased risks of preterm delivery, asphyxia-related neonatal complications, and congenital malformations, which in turn are associated with increased risks of cerebral palsy. It is uncertain whether risk of cerebral palsy in offspring increases with maternal overweight and obesity severity and what could be possible mechanisms.To study (...) the associations between early pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and rates of cerebral palsy by gestational age and to identify potential mediators of these associations.Population-based retrospective cohort study of women with singleton children born in Sweden from 1997 through 2011. Using national registries, children were followed for a cerebral palsy diagnosis through 2012.Early pregnancy BMI.Incidence rates of cerebral palsy and hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% CIs, adjusted for maternal age, country of origin

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2017 JAMA

152. Effects of the Gluten-free Diet on Body Mass Indexes in Pediatric Celiac Patients. (PubMed)

Effects of the Gluten-free Diet on Body Mass Indexes in Pediatric Celiac Patients. The aim of the study was to determine the effects of the gluten-free diet (GFD) on body mass indexes (BMIs) in children with celiac disease at University of Chicago before and after 2011, when processed gluten-free foods became readily available on the market.We conducted a retrospective chart review of children seen at University of Chicago Celiac Center from January 2002 to May 2016. BMI was recorded upon GFD

2019 Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition

153. Body mass index and Hodgkin's lymphoma: UK population-based cohort study of 5.8 million individuals. (PubMed)

Body mass index and Hodgkin's lymphoma: UK population-based cohort study of 5.8 million individuals. Previous epidemiological studies describe a positive association between body mass index (BMI) and Hodgkin's lymphoma, mainly in obese vs. normal weight individuals. We examined the shape of this relationship in individuals aged 16 years or older, using primary care data from the United Kingdom's Clinical Practice Research Datalink. Cox models were fitted with linear, non-linear (spline

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2019 British Journal of Cancer

154. Association of body mass index with bladder cancer risk in men depends on abdominal obesity. (PubMed)

Association of body mass index with bladder cancer risk in men depends on abdominal obesity. The previous epidemiological studies about the associations between obesity and bladder cancer risk have reported inconsistent results. Therefore, we analyzed whether the abdominal obesity effected on the risk of developing bladder cancer according to body mass index (BMI) using nationally representative data from the National Health Insurance System (NHIS).Among people who underwent at least one health

2019 World journal of urology

155. Associations of Maternal Diabetes and Body Mass Index With Offspring Birth Weight and Prematurity. (PubMed)

Associations of Maternal Diabetes and Body Mass Index With Offspring Birth Weight and Prematurity. Maternal obesity, pregestational type 1 diabetes, and gestational diabetes have been reported to increase the risks for large birth weight and preterm birth in offspring. However, the associations for insulin-treated diabetes and non-insulin-treated type 2 diabetes, as well as the associations for joint diabetes disorders and maternal body mass index, with these outcomes are less well (...) documented.To examine associations of maternal diabetes disorders, separately and together with maternal underweight or obesity, with the offspring being large for gestational age and/or preterm at birth.This population-based cohort study used nationwide registries to examine all live births (n = 649 043) between January 1, 2004, and December 31, 2014, in Finland. The study and data analysis were conducted from April 1, 2018, to October 10, 2018.Maternal prepregnancy body mass index, pregestational diabetes

2019 JAMA pediatrics

156. Ethnic differences in body mass index trajectories from 18 years to postpartum in a population-based cohort of pregnant women in Norway. (PubMed)

Ethnic differences in body mass index trajectories from 18 years to postpartum in a population-based cohort of pregnant women in Norway. To explore ethnic differences in changes in body mass index (BMI) from the age of 18 years to 3 months postpartum.A population-based cohort study.Child Health Clinics in Oslo, Norway.Participants were 811 pregnant women (mean age 30 years). Ethnicity was categorised into six groups.The outcome variable was BMI (kg/m2) measured at the age of 18 and 25 years (...) , at prepregnancy and at 3 months postpartum. Body weight at 18 years, 25 years and prepregnancy were self-reported in early pregnancy, while body height and weight at 3 months postpartum were measured. The main statistical method was generalised estimating equations, adjusted for age. The analyses were stratified by parity due to ethnicity×time×parity interaction (p<0.001).Primiparous South Asian women had a 1.45 (95% CI 0.39 to 2.52) kg/m² higher and Middle Eastern women had 1.43 (0.16 to 2.70) kg/m2 higher

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2019 BMJ open

157. The relationship between prevalence and severity of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), and body mass index and mid-abdominal circumference in men in a resource-poor community in Southeast Nigeria: a cross-sectional survey. (PubMed)

The relationship between prevalence and severity of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), and body mass index and mid-abdominal circumference in men in a resource-poor community in Southeast Nigeria: a cross-sectional survey. There is paucity of information on the community-based prevalence and severity of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in men who are 40 years and older in the southeast region of Nigeria. This study seeks to determine the community-based prevalence of LUTS (...) and the relationship between LUTS, and body mass index (BMI) and mid-abdominal circumference (MAC) in men.An interviewer-administered, questionnaire-based survey. Three of nine settlement clusters were randomly selected while systematic random sampling of 1 in 3 eligible subjects was used to select participants. Analysis was done using SPSS® version 20.One thousand three hundred and nineteen duly completed questionnaires were analyzed. The respondents are within ages 40-92 years with mean age 54.2 ± 10.2 years

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2019 BMC Urology

158. Impact of maternal body mass index and gestational weight gain on pregnancy complications: An individual participant data meta-analysis of European, North American and Australian cohorts. (PubMed)

Impact of maternal body mass index and gestational weight gain on pregnancy complications: An individual participant data meta-analysis of European, North American and Australian cohorts. To assess the separate and combined associations of maternal pre-pregnancy BMI and gestational weight gain with the risks of pregnancy complications and their population impact.Individual participant data meta-analysis of 39 cohorts.Europe, North America and Oceania.265,270 births.Information on maternal pre

2019 BJOG

159. Cardiorespiratory fitness, body mass index and heart failure incidence. (PubMed)

Cardiorespiratory fitness, body mass index and heart failure incidence. Obesity is associated with increased risk of heart failure (HF). This risk may be modulated by improved cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) as CRF is associated with favourable health outcomes. Thus, we assessed the interaction between body mass index (BMI), CRF and HF.Cardiorespiratory fitness and BMI were assessed in 20 254 US male veterans (mean age 58.0 ± 11.3 years), who completed a maximal exercise treadmill test between

2019 European Journal of Heart Failure

160. The Effect of Body Mass Index on 30-day Complications After Revision Total Hip and Knee Arthroplasty. (PubMed)

The Effect of Body Mass Index on 30-day Complications After Revision Total Hip and Knee Arthroplasty. We aimed to explore the effect of body mass index (BMI) on 30-day complications after aseptic revision total knee arthroplasty (rTKA) and aseptic revision total hip arthroplasty (rTHA), considering BMI as both a categorical and continuous variable.A total of 18,866 patients (9093 rTHA and 9773 rTKA) patients were included for analysis using the American College of Surgeons National Surgical

2019 Journal of Arthroplasty

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