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Body Mass Index

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141. Prevalence of depression and anxiety and their association with body mass index among high school students in Qazvin, Iran, 2013–2014 Full Text available with Trip Pro

Prevalence of depression and anxiety and their association with body mass index among high school students in Qazvin, Iran, 2013–2014 Evidence shows that mental disorders among adolescents are associated with suicide, drug abuse, acute infectious diseases and low educational performances.To determine the prevalence of depression and anxiety and their associations with body mass index (BMI) among high school students in Qazvin, Iran in 2013-2014.A descriptive and analytical cross-sectional (...) ). Respondents showed 23.75% and 11.07% mild to moderate symptoms of depression and anxiety, respectively as well as 8.08 and 3.75% severe symptoms of depression and anxiety, respectively. There was a positive and significant association between depression and anxiety (r=0.256, p<0.001) and between depression and body mass index (BMI) (r=0.333, p<0.001), however there was an inverse association between anxiety and BMI (r=0.086, p<0.006).The current study made a significant step forward in assessment

2017 Electronic physician

142. Longitudinal study of body mass index, dyslipidemia, hyperglycemia, and hypertension in 60,000 men and women in Sweden and Austria. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Longitudinal study of body mass index, dyslipidemia, hyperglycemia, and hypertension in 60,000 men and women in Sweden and Austria. Obesity is suggested to underlie development of other metabolic aberrations, but longitudinal relationships between metabolic factors at various ages has not been studied in detail.Data from 27,379 men and 32,275 women with in total 122,940 health examinations in the Västerbotten Intervention Project, Sweden and the Vorarlberg Health Monitoring and Prevention (...) Programme, Austria were used to investigate body mass index (BMI), mid-blood pressure, and fasting levels of glucose, triglycerides, and total cholesterol at baseline in relation to 10-year changes of these factors and weight. We included paired examinations performed 10±2 years apart and used them for longitudinal analysis with linear regression of changes between the ages 30 and 40, 40 and 50, or 50 and 60 years.Higher levels of BMI were associated with increases in glucose and mid-blood pressure

2018 PLoS ONE

143. Achilles tendon structure is negatively correlated with body mass index, but not influenced by statin use: A cross-sectional study using ultrasound tissue characterization. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Achilles tendon structure is negatively correlated with body mass index, but not influenced by statin use: A cross-sectional study using ultrasound tissue characterization. Statins are widely used to inhibit cholesterol production in the liver among people with hypercholesterolemia. A recent epidemiological study in the UK has shown that statin use (unlike elevated BMI) is not associated with an increased risk of Achilles tendon rupture. However, because of laboratory reports suggesting (...) ) mm2, CG 59.9 (8.5) mm2) and proportion of echo-type I patterns [ST 70 (10)%, CG 74 (13)%] were equivalent in the two groups. In contrast, there was a negative correlation between BMI (rs = -0.25, p = 0.042) and type I echo values. Obese individuals demonstrated a significantly lower percentage of type I echoes (62 (11)%) than individuals of normal body mass index (73 (10)% p<0.05).These findings demonstrate that there is no evidence of a negative statin influence on Achilles tendon structure

2018 PLoS ONE

144. Differences in childhood body mass index between lesbian/gay and bisexual and heterosexual female adolescents: A follow-back study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Differences in childhood body mass index between lesbian/gay and bisexual and heterosexual female adolescents: A follow-back study. To determine whether childhood body mass index (BMI), assessed in childhood, differs between lesbian/gay and bisexual (LGB) and heterosexual late adolescents, and whether childhood social stressors impact the association between sexual orientation and childhood BMI.Participants included 2,070 late adolescents from the Pittsburgh Girls Study, of whom 233 (11.2 (...) %) identified as lesbian or bisexual and 1,837 (88.8%) as heterosexual at ages 17-20 years. Weight and height were used to calculate body mass index (BMI) at ages 10 through 14 years. Data were collected on child reported loneliness at ages 8 to 10 and peer victimization from 10 to 14 years.LGB females had higher BMIs and greater increases in BMI from ages 10-14 years compared to heterosexual females and reported higher levels of loneliness and peer victimization in childhood. Loneliness moderated

2018 PLoS ONE

145. Body mass index and waist circumference in early adulthood are associated with thoracolumbar spine shape at age 60-64: The Medical Research Council National Survey of Health and Development. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Body mass index and waist circumference in early adulthood are associated with thoracolumbar spine shape at age 60-64: The Medical Research Council National Survey of Health and Development. This study investigated associations between measures of adiposity from age 36 and spine shape at 60-64 years. Thoracolumbar spine shape was characterised using statistical shape modelling on lateral dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry images of the spine from 1529 participants of the MRC National Survey (...) of Health and Development, acquired at age 60-64. Associations of spine shape modes with: 1) contemporaneous measures of total and central adiposity (body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC)) and body composition (android:gynoid fat mass ratio and lean and fat mass indices, calculated as whole body (excluding the head) lean or fat mass (kg) divided by height2 (m)2); 2) changes in total and central adiposity between age 36 and 60-64 and 3) age at onset of overweight, were tested using linear

2018 PLoS ONE

146. Correction: Association of body mass index with incident tuberculosis in Korea. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Correction: Association of body mass index with incident tuberculosis in Korea. [This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0195104.].

2018 PLoS ONE

147. Effects of smoking and body mass index on the exposure of fentanyl in patients with cancer. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effects of smoking and body mass index on the exposure of fentanyl in patients with cancer. The transdermal fentanyl patch is widely used to treat cancer-related pain despite its wide inter- and intrapatient variability in pharmacokinetics. The aim of this study was to investigate whether smoking and body size (i.e. body mass index) influence fentanyl exposure in patients with cancer. These are factors that typically change during treatment and disease trajectories. We performed an explorative

2018 PLoS ONE

148. Differential models of twin correlations in skew for body-mass index (BMI). Full Text available with Trip Pro

Differential models of twin correlations in skew for body-mass index (BMI). Body Mass Index (BMI), like most human phenotypes, is substantially heritable. However, BMI is not normally distributed; the skew appears to be structural, and increases as a function of age. Moreover, twin correlations for BMI commonly violate the assumptions of the most common variety of the classical twin model, with the MZ twin correlation greater than twice the DZ correlation. This study aimed to decompose twin

2018 PLoS ONE

150. Age at menarche and childhood body mass index as predictors of cardio-metabolic risk in young adulthood: A prospective cohort study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Age at menarche and childhood body mass index as predictors of cardio-metabolic risk in young adulthood: A prospective cohort study. This study aimed to examine the association between age at menarche and a range of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors at 17 and 20 years of age, and whether this was influenced by childhood body mass index (BMI).Of the 1413 girls born in the Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) Study, 846 had age at menarche recorded. Subsequently 557 underwent

2018 PLoS ONE

151. The longitudinal trajectory of body mass index in the Chinese population: A latent growth curve analysis. Full Text available with Trip Pro

The longitudinal trajectory of body mass index in the Chinese population: A latent growth curve analysis. The objective of this study was to investigate the longitudinal trajectory of BMI in the Chinese population, and to assess whether the gender or other personal characteristics were related to BMI, and whether there was a change in trajectory over time.Data were obtained from 3,574 Chinese (5 to 89 years of age) who participated in the 2000-2011 of the China Health and Nutrition Survey

2018 PLoS ONE

152. Body mass index and wealth index: positively correlated indicators of health and wealth inequalities in Nairobi slums Full Text available with Trip Pro

Body mass index and wealth index: positively correlated indicators of health and wealth inequalities in Nairobi slums Wealth index is a known predictor of body mass index (BMI). Many studies have reported a positive association between BMI and socioeconomic status (SES). However, an in-depth investigation of the relationship between BMI and wealth index is lacking for urban slum settings.To examine the association between BMI and wealth index in an urban slum setting in Nairobi, Kenya.A total (...) of 2003 adults between 40 and 60 years of age were included. BMI was derived from direct weight and height measurements. Wealth Index was computed using the standard principal component analysis of household amenities ownership. The relationship between BMI and wealth index was assessed using both linear and logistic regression models.We found that BMI linearly increased across the five quintiles of wealth index in both men and women, after adjusting for potential confounding factors. The prevalence

2018 Global Health, Epidemiology and Genomics

153. Correlation between body mass index and obstructive sleep apnea severity indexes - A retrospective study. (Abstract)

Correlation between body mass index and obstructive sleep apnea severity indexes - A retrospective study. To evaluate if Body Mass Index (BMI) is correlated to Apnea-Hypopnea Index (AHI), mean arterial oxygen saturation (SaO2) and Nadir SaO2, which are all indexes defining the severity of the respiratory stress associated with Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA).Seventy-five adult patients (mean age 51.4) referred for polysomnography were retrospectively recruited. BMI was calculated for each patient (...) , as well as AHI, SaO2, and Nadir SaO2 recorded during polysomnography. Spearman's Rho test was used to evaluate if OSA severity was correlated to BMI values. First type error was set as p < 0.025.No correlation was observed between BMI and AHI, and between BMI and SaO2. A statistically significant negative correlation (r2 = 0.424; p < 0.001) was found between the BMI index and the Nadir SaO2.Higher BMI values were correlated with lower Nadir SaO2 during overnight polysomnography. Since hypoxia stress

2018 American Journal of Otolaryngology

154. Modified Nephrometry Score with Body Mass Index More Accurately Predicts Ischemic Time in Transabdominal Laparoscopic Partial Nephrectomy for Small Renal Masses. (Abstract)

Modified Nephrometry Score with Body Mass Index More Accurately Predicts Ischemic Time in Transabdominal Laparoscopic Partial Nephrectomy for Small Renal Masses. To accurately predict the ischemic time (IT) and select candidates for transabdominal laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN).Transabdominal LPN was performed for 135 Japanese patients with renal masses <7 cm in diameter between 2009 and 2016 by a single surgeon in a single institute. The renal parenchymal sutures were done (...) . With the modified NS, 42, 75, and 18 patients were categorized into low (5-7), moderate (8-11), and high (12-15) complexity, respectively. Pearson's correlation coefficient (R) between the original NS and IT was 0.297, whereas the R was improved to 0.388 when the modified NS was employed. If the modified NS was low complexity, 95.2% achieved IT <30 minutes. Of them, none showed IT ≥30 minutes if the body mass index was <25 kg/m2.The modified NS had a better correlation to the IT than the original NS

2018 Urology

155. Fat mass and obesity-associated (FTO) rs9939609 polymorphism modifies the relationship between body mass index and affective symptoms through the life course: a prospective birth cohort study Full Text available with Trip Pro

Fat mass and obesity-associated (FTO) rs9939609 polymorphism modifies the relationship between body mass index and affective symptoms through the life course: a prospective birth cohort study Although bi-directional relationships between high body mass index (BMI) and affective symptoms have been found, no study has investigated the relationships across the life course. There has also been little exploration of whether the fat mass and obesity-associated (FTO) rs9939609 single-nucleotide

2018 Translational psychiatry

156. Interventions with children and parents to improve physical activity and body mass index: a meta-analysis

Interventions with children and parents to improve physical activity and body mass index: a meta-analysis Untitled Document The CRD Databases will not be available from 08:00 BST on Friday 4th October until 08:00 BST on Monday 7th October for essential maintenance. We apologise for any inconvenience.

2014 DARE.

157. Association of Body Fat and Risk of Breast Cancer in Postmenopausal Women With Normal Body Mass Index: A Secondary Analysis of a Randomized Clinical Trial and Observational Study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Association of Body Fat and Risk of Breast Cancer in Postmenopausal Women With Normal Body Mass Index: A Secondary Analysis of a Randomized Clinical Trial and Observational Study. Obesity is associated with an increased risk of breast cancer, including the estrogen receptor (ER)-positive subtype in postmenopausal women. Whether excess adiposity is associated with increased risk in women with a normal body mass index (BMI; calculated as weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared (...) breast cancers were confirmed via central review of medical records by physician adjudicators. Blood analyte levels were measured in subsets of participants.Among the 3460 women included in the analysis (mean [SD] age, 63.6 [7.6] years), multivariable-adjusted hazard ratios for the risk of invasive breast cancer were 1.89 (95% CI, 1.21-2.95) for the highest quartile of whole-body fat and 1.88 (95% CI, 1.18-2.98) for the highest quartile of trunk fat mass. The corresponding adjusted hazard ratios

2018 JAMA oncology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

158. Parental body mass index and its association with body composition, physical fitness and lifestyle factors in their 4-year-old children: results from the MINISTOP trial. (Abstract)

Parental body mass index and its association with body composition, physical fitness and lifestyle factors in their 4-year-old children: results from the MINISTOP trial. To examine the association between parental body mass index (BMI) and their offspring's body composition, physical fitness and lifestyle factors (that is, sedentary time, physical activity and diet).A total of 307 preschoolers (4.5±0.1 years) and their parents (fathers: 38.1±5.1 years and mothers: 35.6±4.2 years) participated (...) in this study. Parental BMI was calculated using self-reported weight and height. Preschoolers body composition was assessed using: BMI, fat mass percentage, fat mass index, fat-free mass index (measured via air-displacement plethysmography) and waist circumference. Physical fitness was assessed by the PREFIT fitness battery. Lifestyle factors were assessed using the ActiGraph wGT3x-BT (sedentary time and physical activity), and the mobile-phone based tool for energy balance in children (diet).Parental BMI

2018 European journal of clinical nutrition Controlled trial quality: uncertain

159. The impact of binge eating behavior on lithium- and quetiapine-associated changes in body weight, body mass index, and waist circumference during 6 months of treatment: Findings from the bipolar CHOICE study. (Abstract)

The impact of binge eating behavior on lithium- and quetiapine-associated changes in body weight, body mass index, and waist circumference during 6 months of treatment: Findings from the bipolar CHOICE study. Lithium and quetiapine can cause weight gain, but their comparative longer term anthropometric effects are unknown, as are the potential moderating effects of baseline binge-eating (BE) behavior.We assessed 6 month changes in body weight, body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (...) in 482 adults with DSM-IV bipolar disorders who participated in a comparative effectiveness study of lithium and quetiapine with evidence-based adjunctive treatment (Bipolar CHOICE). Anthropometric measurements were obtained at baseline, and at 2, 4, 6, 8, 12, 16, 20, and 24 weeks. BE behavior was defined as affirmative responses to MINI items M1 and M3 at baseline. Data were analyzed using a mixed model repeated measures approach, adjusted for baseline values of dependent measures.On average, body

2018 Journal of Affective Disorders

160. Body Mass Index Is a Better Indicator of Body Composition than Weight-for-Length at Age 1 Month. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Body Mass Index Is a Better Indicator of Body Composition than Weight-for-Length at Age 1 Month. To assess whether body mass index (BMI) provides a better assessment of measured adiposity at age 1 month compared with weight-for-length (WFL).Participants were healthy term-born infants in the Infant Growth and Microbiome (n = 146) and the Baby Peas (n = 147) studies. Length, weight, and body composition by air displacement plethysmography were measured at 1 month. World Health Organization-based (...) WFL and BMI z-scores were calculated. Within-cohort z-scores of percent fat-Z, fat mass-Z, fat mass/length2-Z, fat mass/length3-Z, fat-free mass-Z, and fat-free mass/length2-Z were calculated. Correlation and multiple linear regression (adjusted for birth weight) analyses tested the associations between body composition outcomes and BMI-Z vs WFL-Z. Quantile regression was used to test the stability of these associations across the distribution of body compositions.The sample was 52% female and 56

2018 Journal of Pediatrics

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