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Body Mass Index

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121. Body Mass Index Is a Better Indicator of Body Composition than Weight-for-Length at Age 1 Month. (PubMed)

Body Mass Index Is a Better Indicator of Body Composition than Weight-for-Length at Age 1 Month. To assess whether body mass index (BMI) provides a better assessment of measured adiposity at age 1 month compared with weight-for-length (WFL).Participants were healthy term-born infants in the Infant Growth and Microbiome (n = 146) and the Baby Peas (n = 147) studies. Length, weight, and body composition by air displacement plethysmography were measured at 1 month. World Health Organization-based (...) WFL and BMI z-scores were calculated. Within-cohort z-scores of percent fat-Z, fat mass-Z, fat mass/length2-Z, fat mass/length3-Z, fat-free mass-Z, and fat-free mass/length2-Z were calculated. Correlation and multiple linear regression (adjusted for birth weight) analyses tested the associations between body composition outcomes and BMI-Z vs WFL-Z. Quantile regression was used to test the stability of these associations across the distribution of body compositions.The sample was 52% female and 56

2018 Journal of Pediatrics

122. The impact of binge eating behavior on lithium- and quetiapine-associated changes in body weight, body mass index, and waist circumference during 6 months of treatment: Findings from the bipolar CHOICE study. (PubMed)

The impact of binge eating behavior on lithium- and quetiapine-associated changes in body weight, body mass index, and waist circumference during 6 months of treatment: Findings from the bipolar CHOICE study. Lithium and quetiapine can cause weight gain, but their comparative longer term anthropometric effects are unknown, as are the potential moderating effects of baseline binge-eating (BE) behavior.We assessed 6 month changes in body weight, body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (...) in 482 adults with DSM-IV bipolar disorders who participated in a comparative effectiveness study of lithium and quetiapine with evidence-based adjunctive treatment (Bipolar CHOICE). Anthropometric measurements were obtained at baseline, and at 2, 4, 6, 8, 12, 16, 20, and 24 weeks. BE behavior was defined as affirmative responses to MINI items M1 and M3 at baseline. Data were analyzed using a mixed model repeated measures approach, adjusted for baseline values of dependent measures.On average, body

2018 Journal of Affective Disorders

123. Impact of body mass index and body weight variabilities on mortality: a nationwide cohort study. (PubMed)

Impact of body mass index and body weight variabilities on mortality: a nationwide cohort study. There is limited information regarding the impact of body mass index (BMI) and body weight (BWt) variabilities on mortality. This study aimed to investigate the association between BMI, BWt variabilities and subsequent mortality in the Korean population.This study used a representative sample cohort enrolled in the national health examination program conducted by the Korean National Health Insurance

2018 International Journal of Obesity

124. Association of Body Fat and Risk of Breast Cancer in Postmenopausal Women With Normal Body Mass Index: A Secondary Analysis of a Randomized Clinical Trial and Observational Study. (PubMed)

Association of Body Fat and Risk of Breast Cancer in Postmenopausal Women With Normal Body Mass Index: A Secondary Analysis of a Randomized Clinical Trial and Observational Study. Obesity is associated with an increased risk of breast cancer, including the estrogen receptor (ER)-positive subtype in postmenopausal women. Whether excess adiposity is associated with increased risk in women with a normal body mass index (BMI; calculated as weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared (...) breast cancers were confirmed via central review of medical records by physician adjudicators. Blood analyte levels were measured in subsets of participants.Among the 3460 women included in the analysis (mean [SD] age, 63.6 [7.6] years), multivariable-adjusted hazard ratios for the risk of invasive breast cancer were 1.89 (95% CI, 1.21-2.95) for the highest quartile of whole-body fat and 1.88 (95% CI, 1.18-2.98) for the highest quartile of trunk fat mass. The corresponding adjusted hazard ratios

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2018 JAMA oncology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

125. Parental body mass index and its association with body composition, physical fitness and lifestyle factors in their 4-year-old children: results from the MINISTOP trial. (PubMed)

Parental body mass index and its association with body composition, physical fitness and lifestyle factors in their 4-year-old children: results from the MINISTOP trial. To examine the association between parental body mass index (BMI) and their offspring's body composition, physical fitness and lifestyle factors (that is, sedentary time, physical activity and diet).A total of 307 preschoolers (4.5±0.1 years) and their parents (fathers: 38.1±5.1 years and mothers: 35.6±4.2 years) participated (...) in this study. Parental BMI was calculated using self-reported weight and height. Preschoolers body composition was assessed using: BMI, fat mass percentage, fat mass index, fat-free mass index (measured via air-displacement plethysmography) and waist circumference. Physical fitness was assessed by the PREFIT fitness battery. Lifestyle factors were assessed using the ActiGraph wGT3x-BT (sedentary time and physical activity), and the mobile-phone based tool for energy balance in children (diet).Parental BMI

2018 European journal of clinical nutrition Controlled trial quality: uncertain

126. Body Mass Index, Change in Weight, Body Weight Variability and Outcomes in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (from the ACCORD Trial). (PubMed)

Body Mass Index, Change in Weight, Body Weight Variability and Outcomes in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (from the ACCORD Trial). Weight management is highly recommended to patients with diabetes mellitus. However, this prescription is often characterized by weight fluctuations. It remains unclear the effects of weight fluctuations on outcomes in diabetes mellitus. We used the public use dataset from the Action to Control Cardiovascular Risk in Diabetes (ACCORD) trial to assess the effects (...) of baseline weight, change in weight, and body weight variability (BWV) on outcomes. The ACCORD trial participant's weights were documented annually during the trial. Our primary predictor variables were baseline weight, change in body weight (Initial - final) and BWV defined as average successive variability in weight (average absolute difference between successive values) during the trial. Cox proportional hazards model was used. Out of the 10,251 ACCORD participants, 911(8.9%), 2985(29.1%), and 6355(62

2018 American Journal of Cardiology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

127. The interaction effect of body mass index and age on fat-free mass, waist-to-hip ratio, and soft lean mass (PubMed)

The interaction effect of body mass index and age on fat-free mass, waist-to-hip ratio, and soft lean mass Research has shown that body mass index (BMI) does not take into consideration the gender and ethnicity. The primary purpose of this study was to examine the interaction effect of the BMI and age on fat-free mass (FFM), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), and soft lean mass (SLM). The secondary purpose was to evaluate the practical significance of the findings by examining effect sizes.The study

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2017 Journal of research in medical sciences : the official journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences

128. Body Mass Index and Insulin Use as Identifiers of High-Cost Patients with Type 2 Diabetes: A Retrospective Analysis of Electronic Health Records Linked to Insurance Claims Data. (PubMed)

Body Mass Index and Insulin Use as Identifiers of High-Cost Patients with Type 2 Diabetes: A Retrospective Analysis of Electronic Health Records Linked to Insurance Claims Data. To study the association of body mass index (BMI) and insulin use with type 2 diabetes-related healthcare expenditures (T2D-HE).Retrospective study using de-identified electronic health records linked to insurance claims data. Study included a prevalence-based sample of overweight or obese patients (...) with antihyperglycemic-treated T2D. Patients had ≥1 A1c measurement in 2014 (last observed=index A1c), ≥1 BMI measurement within ±90d of index (average BMI=baseline BMI), and continuous enrollment for 180d before (baseline) through 395d after index (day 30-395=follow-up). BMI was categorized as: 25-29.9 kg/m2 =overweight; 30-34.9 kg/m2 =obese class I (OCI); 35-39.9 kg/m2 =OCII; ≥40 kg/m2 =OCIII. Multivariable regressions were used to examine one-year follow-up T2D-HE as a function of BMI, insulin use

2019 obesity & metabolism

129. Attentional Bias, "Cool" and "Hot" Executive Functions in Obese Patients: Roles of Body Mass Index, Binge Eating, and Eating Style. (PubMed)

Attentional Bias, "Cool" and "Hot" Executive Functions in Obese Patients: Roles of Body Mass Index, Binge Eating, and Eating Style. Obesity is recognized as an important risk factor for many chronic diseases and is a major health issue. The current study examined attentional bias to food and the "cool" (inhibitory control and mental flexibility) and "hot" (affective decision making) executive functions (EFs) in obese patients preparing for bariatric surgery. In addition to body mass index (BMI

2019 Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology

130. Developmental Premorbid Body Mass Index Trajectories of Adolescents With Eating Disorders in a Longitudinal Population Cohort. (PubMed)

Developmental Premorbid Body Mass Index Trajectories of Adolescents With Eating Disorders in a Longitudinal Population Cohort. To examine whether childhood body mass index (BMI) trajectories are prospectively associated with later eating disorder (ED) diagnoses.Using a subsample from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (N = 1,502), random-coefficient growth models were used to compare premorbid BMI trajectories of individuals who later developed anorexia nervosa (n = 243

2019 Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

131. Body Mass Index as a Risk Factor for 30-Day Postoperative Complications in Knee, Hip, and Shoulder Arthroscopy. (PubMed)

Body Mass Index as a Risk Factor for 30-Day Postoperative Complications in Knee, Hip, and Shoulder Arthroscopy. To use the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database to determine whether body mass index (BMI) is associated with 30-day postoperative complications following arthroscopic surgery.Cases of elective knee, hip, and shoulder arthroscopy were identified. A retrospective comparative analysis was conducted, and the overall rates of morbidity

2019 Arthroscopy

132. Causal association between body mass index and risk of rheumatoid arthritis: a Mendelian randomization study. (PubMed)

Causal association between body mass index and risk of rheumatoid arthritis: a Mendelian randomization study. This study aimed to examine whether body mass index (BMI) is causally associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA).A two-sample Mendelian randomization (MR) analysis using the inverse-variance weighted (IVW), weighted median and MR-Egger regression methods was performed. We used the publicly available summary statistics data sets of genome-wide association studies (GWAS) meta-analyses

2019 European journal of clinical investigation

133. One-year surveillance of body mass index and cardiorespiratory fitness in UK primary school children in North West England and the impact of school deprivation level. (PubMed)

One-year surveillance of body mass index and cardiorespiratory fitness in UK primary school children in North West England and the impact of school deprivation level. Cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is independently associated with health and academic attainment in childhood and adolescence. Yet overweight/obesity remains the focus in public health policy. Surveillance of body mass index (BMI) and CRF considering school deprivation levels is limited. Therefore, we examined this in English

2019 Archives of Disease in Childhood

134. Body mass index and risk of intestinal metaplasia: A cohort study. (PubMed)

Body mass index and risk of intestinal metaplasia: A cohort study. We examined the association between body mass index (BMI) and development of endoscopic intestinal metaplasia (IM).This retrospective cohort study included 142,832 Korean adults free of endoscopic IM and atrophic gastritis (AG) who underwent upper endoscopy at baseline and subsequent visits and were followed for up to 5 years. A parametric proportional hazards model was used to estimate the adjusted hazard ratio with 95

2019 Cancer Epidemiology & Biomarkers and Prevention

135. A candidate-Gene Approach Identifies Novel Associations Between Common Variants in/Near Syndromic Obesity Genes and Body-Mass Index in Pediatric and Adult European Populations. (PubMed)

A candidate-Gene Approach Identifies Novel Associations Between Common Variants in/Near Syndromic Obesity Genes and Body-Mass Index in Pediatric and Adult European Populations. We hypothesized that monogenic syndromic obesity genes are also involved in the polygenic variation of BMI. Single-marker, tag single-nucleotide polymorphism (tagSNP), and gene-based analysis were performed on common variants near 54 syndromic obesity genes. We used publicly available data from meta-analyses of European

2019 Diabetes

136. Alterations in body mass index and waist-to-hip ratio in never and minimally treated patients with psychosis: A systematic review and meta-analysis. (PubMed)

Alterations in body mass index and waist-to-hip ratio in never and minimally treated patients with psychosis: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Obesity is up to 4 times higher in patients with schizophrenia than in the general population. However, the link between obesity and schizophrenia in the absence of antipsychotic use is unclear. Therefore, we aimed to examine differences in obesity measures (body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR (...) compared to HCs. Future research is warranted to understand these alterations in the context of body fat biomarkers and neuropathology of psychiatric disorders, independent of the effects of antipsychotics.Copyright © 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

2019 Schizophrenia Research

137. Examining validity of body mass index calculated using height and weight data from the US driver license. (PubMed)

Examining validity of body mass index calculated using height and weight data from the US driver license. Driver license departments in many US states collect data on individuals' height and weight. These data can be useful to researchers in epidemiological and public health studies. As height and weight on driver license are self-reported, they may be prone to reporting bias. We compare height and weight obtained from driver license records and clinically measured height and weight, as well (...) as body mass index (BMI) values calculated using the two data sources for the same individual.We linked individual height and weight records obtained from the Driver License Division (DLD) in the Utah Department of Public Safety to clinical records from one of the largest healthcare providers in the state of Utah. We then calculated average differences between height, weight and BMI values separately for women and men in the sample, as well as discrepancies between the two sets of measures by age

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2019 BMC Public Health

138. Increase of body mass index and waist circumference predicts development of metabolic syndrome criteria in apparently healthy individuals with 2 and 5 years follow-up. (PubMed)

Increase of body mass index and waist circumference predicts development of metabolic syndrome criteria in apparently healthy individuals with 2 and 5 years follow-up. The metabolic syndrome (MetS) is associated with overweight and abdominal obesity. Our aim was to use longitudinal measurements to provide clinically relevant information on the relative influence of changes in body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), and weekly physical exercise duration on the development of each (...) and HDL levels, but not on blood pressure or HbA1C.Changes in BMI and WC are highly associative with the likelihood and severity of the MetS independently of the baseline levels, suggesting that obese individuals can substantially improve their MetS prognosis by losing both body weight and abdominal fat.

2019 International Journal of Obesity

139. Levels and Changes in Childhood Body Mass Index in Relation to Risk of Atrial Fibrillation and Atrial Flutter in Adulthood. (PubMed)

Levels and Changes in Childhood Body Mass Index in Relation to Risk of Atrial Fibrillation and Atrial Flutter in Adulthood. Children with obesity have a cardio-metabolic risk profile that may predispose them to cardiovascular diseases. We examined the associations between childhood body mass index (BMI) levels and changes on the risk of atrial fibrillation and flutter (AFF) in adulthood.We conducted a population-based cohort study of Danish schoolchildren aged 7-13 years born from 1930-1989

2019 American Journal of Epidemiology

140. Association of Body Mass Index With Risk Factor Optimization and Guideline-Directed Medical Therapy in US Veterans With Cardiovascular Disease. (PubMed)

Association of Body Mass Index With Risk Factor Optimization and Guideline-Directed Medical Therapy in US Veterans With Cardiovascular Disease. Obesity is a growing epidemic that has been linked to the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Guideline-directed medications for secondary prevention and risk factor control are recommended for patients with all forms of CVD. The association of body mass index (BMI) with use of medications for secondary prevention and risk factor control

2019 Circulation. Cardiovascular quality and outcomes

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