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Body Mass Index

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101. Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor-induced Thyroid Dysfunction Is Associated with Higher Body Mass Index. (Abstract)

Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor-induced Thyroid Dysfunction Is Associated with Higher Body Mass Index. Obesity is a proinflammatory metabolic state that may play a role in the development of immune-related adverse events (irAEs) associated with immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy.To characterize the association between body mass index (BMI) and thyroid irAEs.We performed a single-center, retrospective analysis of 185 cancer patients treated with anti-PD-1/L1 from January 2014 to December 2018

2020 Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism

102. Relation of Change of Body Mass Index to Long-Term Mortality After Cardiac Catheterization. (Abstract)

Relation of Change of Body Mass Index to Long-Term Mortality After Cardiac Catheterization. Body-mass index (BMI) is a risk marker and therapeutic target in cardiovascular prevention. The effect of changes in BMI on mortality in patients with cardiovascular diseases has not been completely delineated. We aimed to assess the association between percent change in BMI, as measured 3-years after cardiac catheterization, and long-term mortality. Patients who underwent cardiac catheterization (n 

2020 American Journal of Cardiology

103. Is it worth it? Determining the health benefits of sleeve gastrectomy in patients with a body mass index &lt;35 kg/m<sup>2</sup>. (Abstract)

Is it worth it? Determining the health benefits of sleeve gastrectomy in patients with a body mass index <35 kg/m2. Criteria for undergoing sleeve gastrectomy (SG) is restricted among patients with a body mass index (BMI) <35 kg/m2.To determine if low-BMI patients experience similar health benefits after SG compared with patients with a BMI ≥35 kg/m2.Teaching and nonteaching hospitals in Michigan.Patients with a BMI <35 kg/m2 at the time of primary SG were identified between 2006 (...) of medications for hypertension (59.7% versus 54.1%, P = .0570), hyperlipidemia (54.3% versus 52.2%, P = .5537), and diabetes (oral, 79.2% versus 78.1%, P = .7294; insulin, 64.2% versus 62.2%, P = .7438). However, low-BMI patients were more likely to achieve a healthy BMI (i.e., BMI ≤25 kg/m2; 36.3% versus 6.01%, P < .0001), and had higher body image scores (50.6 versus 42.4, P < .0001).Despite being older and with higher rates of metabolic disease, low-BMI patients reported high-resolution rates

2020 Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases

104. Long-term outcomes comparing metabolic surgery to no surgery in patients with type 2 diabetes and body mass index 30-35. (Abstract)

Long-term outcomes comparing metabolic surgery to no surgery in patients with type 2 diabetes and body mass index 30-35. We previously conducted a randomized study comparing metabolic surgery with medical weight management in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and body mass index (BMI) 30 to 35 kg/m2. At 3-year follow-up, surgery was very effective in T2D remission; furthermore, in the surgical group, those with a higher baseline soluble receptor for advanced glycation end products had a lower

2020 Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases

105. Medium-term outcomes of converting laparoscopic adjustable gastric band to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in patients with body mass index &lt;35 kg/m<sup>2</sup>: a uniquely Australian perspective. (Abstract)

Medium-term outcomes of converting laparoscopic adjustable gastric band to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in patients with body mass index <35 kg/m2: a uniquely Australian perspective. The rates of primary laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) have declined in the last 5 years due to band removal secondary to complications and the subsequent weight regain that requires revisional procedures.This study aimed to present medium-term weight loss results and the safety profile (...) of converting LAGB to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in patients with body mass index (BMI) <35.0 kg/m2 who presented with LAGB intolerance or complications. Many health services do not permit such procedures on low BMI patients.Single-surgeon series, including public and private practice, Brisbane, Australia.A prospectively maintained database was reviewed and retrospectively analyzed for LAGB patients with a BMI <35.0 kg/m2 who underwent conversion to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass by a single surgeon. Indications

2020 Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases

106. Misclassification of Self-Reported Body Mass Index Categories. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Misclassification of Self-Reported Body Mass Index Categories. Overweight and obesity are an increasingly serious public health problem in Western societies, including Germany. The tendency of overweight and obese people not to classify themselves as such limits the efficacy of information on the health risks of these conditions and lessens the motivation to change behavior accordingly. In this article, we summarize the available study data on the selfperception of weight class. We present (...) and discuss the differences between selfreported body-mass index (BMI) category and the actual category of the BMI when it is calculated from the individual's measured height and weight.We systematically searched the Medline, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases in August 2017 for pertinent publications. The study protocol was published in the PROSPERO register (CRD42017064230). Meta-analyses were calculable for a number of subgroup analyses.A total of 50 studies from 25 countries were identified

2020 Deutsches Arzteblatt international

107. Young adulthood body mass index, adult weight gain and breast cancer risk: the PROCAS Study (United Kingdom). Full Text available with Trip Pro

Young adulthood body mass index, adult weight gain and breast cancer risk: the PROCAS Study (United Kingdom). We tested the hypothesis that body mass index (BMI) aged 20 years modifies the association of adult weight gain and breast cancer risk.We recruited women (aged 47-73 years) into the PROCAS (Predicting Risk Of Cancer At Screening; Manchester, UK: 2009-2013) Study. In 47,042 women, we determined BMI at baseline and (by recall) at age 20 years, and derived weight changes. We estimated

2020 British Journal of Cancer

108. Association of trajectory of body mass index with knee pain risk in Japanese middle-aged women in a prospective cohort study: the Japan Nurses' Health Study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Association of trajectory of body mass index with knee pain risk in Japanese middle-aged women in a prospective cohort study: the Japan Nurses' Health Study. To investigate whether body mass index (BMI) trajectory, lifestyle and reproductive factors are associated with knee pain risk among middle-aged women.Prospective study of the Japan Nurses' Health Study (JNHS).The JNHS investigates the health of female nurses in Japan. Biennial follow-up questionnaires are mailed to the participants.The

2020 BMJ open

109. Effect of visit-to-visit blood pressure variability on cardiovascular events in populations with different body mass indexes: a prospective cohort study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effect of visit-to-visit blood pressure variability on cardiovascular events in populations with different body mass indexes: a prospective cohort study. This study was performed to explore the effects of visit-to-visit blood pressure variability (BPV) on cardiovascular events (CVEs) in people with various body mass indexes (BMIs).Prospective cohort study.The average real variability of systolic blood pressure (ARVSBP) was the indicator for visit-to-visit BPV. The participants were divided

2020 BMJ open

110. Is body mass index associated with the incidence of endometriosis and the severity of dysmenorrhoea: a case-control study in China? Full Text available with Trip Pro

Is body mass index associated with the incidence of endometriosis and the severity of dysmenorrhoea: a case-control study in China? Endometriosis is considered as a serious gynaecological disease in women at a reproductive age. Lower body mass index (BMI) is thought to be a risk factor. However, recent studies indicated that women with normal BMI were also more likely to develop endometriosis, suggesting the association with BMI is controversial. We therefore investigated the association of BMI

2020 BMJ open

111. Body mass index change and estimated glomerular filtration rate decline in a middle-aged population: health check-based cohort in Japan. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Body mass index change and estimated glomerular filtration rate decline in a middle-aged population: health check-based cohort in Japan. Obesity is a growing public health problem worldwide. We evaluated the mediators and association between changes in obesity metrics and renal outcomes in the general population.Using the Japanese nationwide health check-based cohort from April 2011 to March 2019, we selected individuals aged 40-74 years, with a baseline estimated glomerular filtration rate (...) (eGFR) ≥45 mL/min/1.73 m2, whose body mass index (BMI) change was assessed. The primary outcome was combined 30% decline in eGFR, eGFR <15 mL/min/1.73 m2 and end-stage renal disease.During 245 147 person-years' follow-up among 50 604 participants (mean eGFR, 83.7 mL/min/1.73 m2; mean BMI, 24.1 kg/m2), 645 demonstrated eGFR decline (incidence rate 2.6/1000 person-years, 95% CI: 2.4 to 2.8). We observed continued initial changes in BMI for over 6 years and a U-shaped association between BMI change

2020 BMJ open

112. Metabolic Syndrome Rather Than Body Mass Index Is Associated With Treatment Response to Ketamine Infusions. (Abstract)

Metabolic Syndrome Rather Than Body Mass Index Is Associated With Treatment Response to Ketamine Infusions. There is a practical need for the identification of pretreatment clinical and epidemiological response predictors to repeat ketamine infusions. Response predictors can serve to guide clinical inclusion of patients and weigh risks versus benefits for those receiving maintenance ketamine. Previous studies indicate a link between obesity, depression, and treatment response. We sought (...) to investigate if body mass index (BMI) or metabolic syndrome could predict treatment response to ketamine.Patients aged 18 to 72 years who were electroconvulsive therapy nonresponders were given a subanesthetic ketamine hydrochloride dose of 0.5 mg/kg delivered intravenously for 40 minutes for an acute series of 3 to 6 infusions every other day. If patients reported at least a 50% decrease in depression symptoms after the acute series, they were moved to a maintenance series of infusions

2020 Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology

113. Body Mass Index as a Moderator of Treatment Response to Ketamine for Major Depressive Disorder. (Abstract)

Body Mass Index as a Moderator of Treatment Response to Ketamine for Major Depressive Disorder. Major depressive disorder (MDD) and obesity commonly co-occur. We sought to assess the impact of body mass index (BMI) on the acute antidepressant effects of ketamine in patients with treatment-resistant depression.Post hoc analyses were conducted from a multisite, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial designed to assess the rapid-onset effects of intravenous ketamine. Patients (n = 99

2020 Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology

114. Body mass index and mortality among community-dwelling elderly of Southern Brazil. (Abstract)

Body mass index and mortality among community-dwelling elderly of Southern Brazil. This study aims to measure the association between body mass index (BMI), comparing two different classifications, and mortality among community-dwelling elderly considering myopenia in Pelotas, Brazil. This is a longitudinal study started in 2014, we followed 1451 elderly people (≥ 60 years) enrolled in the "COMO VAI?" study. BMI was classified according to the World Health Organization (WHO (...) increased the risk of death in community-dwelling elderly people during a follow-up of three years. The specific classification seemed to be more adequate to indicate risk of mortality in this population. Higher BMI protect against mortality when muscle mass was not considered.Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

2020 Preventive Medicine

115. Longitudinal association between food frequency and changes in body mass index: a prospective cohort study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Longitudinal association between food frequency and changes in body mass index: a prospective cohort study. Analysing data of the Young Lives Study in Peru, we aimed at assessing the association between daily food frequency and body mass index (BMI) changes between 2006 and 2016.Secondary analysis of a prospective ongoing cohort study.20 sentinel sites in Peru.Children enrolled in the younger cohort of the Young Lives Study. We used information from the second (2006-2007), third (2009-2010

2020 BMJ open

116. Analysis of change in patient-reported outcome measures with floor and ceiling effects using the multilevel Tobit model: a simulation study and an example from a National Joint Register using body mass index and the Oxford Hip Score. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Analysis of change in patient-reported outcome measures with floor and ceiling effects using the multilevel Tobit model: a simulation study and an example from a National Joint Register using body mass index and the Oxford Hip Score. This study has three objectives. (1) Investigate the association between body mass index (BMI) and the efficacy of primary hip replacement using a patient-reported outcome measure (PROMs) with a measurement floor and ceiling, (2) Explore the performance

2020 BMJ open

117. Walkability and its association with walking/cycling and body mass index among adults in different regions of Germany: a cross-sectional analysis of pooled data from five German cohorts. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Walkability and its association with walking/cycling and body mass index among adults in different regions of Germany: a cross-sectional analysis of pooled data from five German cohorts. To examine three walkability measures (points of interest (POI), transit stations and impedance (restrictions to walking) within 640 m of participant's addresses) in different regions in Germany and assess the relationships between walkability, walking/cycling and body mass index (BMI) using generalised

2020 BMJ open

118. Shared Genetic Loci Between Body Mass Index and Major Psychiatric Disorders: A Genome-wide Association Study. (Abstract)

Shared Genetic Loci Between Body Mass Index and Major Psychiatric Disorders: A Genome-wide Association Study. People with major psychiatric disorders (MPDs) have a 10- to 20-year shorter life span than the rest of the population, and this difference is mainly due to comorbid cardiovascular diseases. Genome-wide association studies have identified common variants involved in schizophrenia (SCZ), bipolar disorder (BIP), and major depression (MD) and body mass index (BMI), a key cardiometabolic

2020 JAMA psychiatry (Chicago, Ill.)

119. The wazan janch: The body-mass index and the socio-spatial politics of health promotion in rural India. (Abstract)

The wazan janch: The body-mass index and the socio-spatial politics of health promotion in rural India. The body mass index (BMI), which measures body mass divided by height squared (kg/m²), has become a popular technology for quickly measuring and assessing individuals' health and disease risk. However, the BMI has also been widely criticized by health professionals who argue that it's a poor measure of health. Feminist scholars are also critical, arguing BMI is a technology of neoliberal (...) health promotion that pathologizes body size, and produces responsibilized subjects invested in maintaining "proper" weights, while often ignoring the social and environmental conditions that result in differently sized bodies. In this paper, I look at a series of BMI "camps" held across rural North India in 2017 and put forth two central arguments. First, BMI is not an a priori technology of neoliberal governmentality, but can be also be a means to highlight social marginalization and create

2020 Social Science & Medicine

120. Association of Birth Weight, Childhood Body Mass Index, and Height With Risk of Hidradenitis Suppurativa. (Abstract)

Association of Birth Weight, Childhood Body Mass Index, and Height With Risk of Hidradenitis Suppurativa. There is a lack of evidence on the association of birth weight, childhood body mass index (BMI), change in BMI during childhood, and childhood height with subsequent risks of hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) in adulthood.To investigate the association of birth weight, childhood BMI, change in BMI during childhood, and childhood height with subsequent risks of HS in adulthood in a large Danish

2020 JAMA dermatology (Chicago, Ill.)

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