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Body Mass Index

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101. Long-term effects of participation in a prenatal exercise intervention on body weight, body mass index, and physical activity level: a 6-year follow-up study of a randomized controlled trial. (Abstract)

Long-term effects of participation in a prenatal exercise intervention on body weight, body mass index, and physical activity level: a 6-year follow-up study of a randomized controlled trial. Background: Growing evidence supports that physical activity and exercise during pregnancy is favorable for the mother, with persisting benefits in the postpartum period. However, there is scant knowledge of the effect of a prenatal exercise program on long-term health and lifestyle habits. Objectives (...) : This 6-year follow-up study of a randomized controlled trial had two aims: (1) compare body weight, weight retention and body mass index (BMI) in the intervention group and control group, and (2) evaluate effects on physical activity level and recreational exercise. Materials and methods: Out of 105 participants initially randomized to either an intervention group, n = 52 (twice weekly group-exercises and physical activity counselling) or control group, n = 53 (standard prenatal care), 80 women (76.2

2019 The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine : the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians Controlled trial quality: uncertain

102. [Bariatric surgery to treat obesity with a body mass index (BMI) less than 40 kg/m2]

[Bariatric surgery to treat obesity with a body mass index (BMI) less than 40 kg/m2] [Bariatric surgery to treat obesity with a body mass index (BMI) less than 40 kg/m2] [Bariatric surgery to treat obesity with a body mass index (BMI) less than 40 kg/m2] Rodríguez B, Soto N, Augustovski F, Pichon-Riviere A, García Martí S, Alcaraz A, Bardach A, Ciapponi A, López A, Rey-Ares L Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA (...) . No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Rodríguez B, Soto N, Augustovski F, Pichon-Riviere A, García Martí S, Alcaraz A, Bardach A, Ciapponi A, López A, Rey-Ares L. [Bariatric surgery to treat obesity with a body mass index (BMI) less than 40 kg/m2] Buenos Aires: Institute for Clinical Effectiveness and Health Policy (IECS). Documentos de Evaluación de Tecnologías Sanitarias, Informe de Respuesta Rapida No 506. 2016 Authors' conclusions Evidence of good

2016 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

103. Advanced body composition assessment: from body mass index to body composition profiling Full Text available with Trip Pro

Advanced body composition assessment: from body mass index to body composition profiling This paper gives a brief overview of common non-invasive techniques for body composition analysis and a more in-depth review of a body composition assessment method based on fat-referenced quantitative MRI. Earlier published studies of this method are summarized, and a previously unpublished validation study, based on 4753 subjects from the UK Biobank imaging cohort, comparing the quantitative MRI method (...) with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is presented. For whole-body measurements of adipose tissue (AT) or fat and lean tissue (LT), DXA and quantitative MRIs show excellent agreement with linear correlation of 0.99 and 0.97, and coefficient of variation (CV) of 4.5 and 4.6 per cent for fat (computed from AT) and LT, respectively, but the agreement was found significantly lower for visceral adipose tissue, with a CV of >20 per cent. The additional ability of MRI to also measure muscle volumes

2018 Journal of Investigative Medicine

104. Correction: My Body Looks Like That Girl's: Body Mass Index Modulates Brain Activity during Body Image Self-Reflection among Young Women. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Correction: My Body Looks Like That Girl's: Body Mass Index Modulates Brain Activity during Body Image Self-Reflection among Young Women. [This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0164450.].

2017 PLoS ONE

105. Relationship of body mass index and waist circumference with clinical outcomes following percutaneous coronary intervention. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Relationship of body mass index and waist circumference with clinical outcomes following percutaneous coronary intervention. A biphasic, U-shape relationship has been reported between body mass index (BMI) and clinical outcomes following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, the relationship between waist circumference (WC) and the cardiovascular risk following PCI has not been reported.A prospective cohort study was performed. A major adverse cardiac event (MACE) was defined

2018 PLoS ONE

106. Friendship as a social mechanism influencing body mass index (BMI) among emerging adults. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Friendship as a social mechanism influencing body mass index (BMI) among emerging adults. Social relationships have been proposed as a significant factor shaping obesity risk. The first year of college, a period of major social, behavioral, and weight changes, provides a context well-suited to tracking longitudinally the impact of shifting friendships on weight outcomes. This study sought to identify social mechanisms impacting BMI change among emerging adults.An analytic sample of 276 college

2018 PLoS ONE

107. Socioeconomic differences in body mass index in Spain: An intersectional multilevel analysis of individual heterogeneity and discriminatory accuracy. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Socioeconomic differences in body mass index in Spain: An intersectional multilevel analysis of individual heterogeneity and discriminatory accuracy. Many studies have demonstrated the existence of simple, unidimensional socioeconomic gradients in body mass index (BMI). However, in the present paper we move beyond such traditional analyses by simultaneously considering multiple demographic and socioeconomic dimensions. Using the Spanish National Health Survey 2011-2012, we apply

2018 PLoS ONE

108. Body mass index may predict the response to ipilimumab in metastatic melanoma: An observational multi-centre study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Body mass index may predict the response to ipilimumab in metastatic melanoma: An observational multi-centre study. Immunotherapy is a well-established treatment option in patients with metastatic melanoma. However, biomarkers that can be used to predict a response in these patients have not yet been found, putting patients at risk of severe side effects.In this retrospective analysis, we investigated the association between the body mass index and ipilimumab treatment response in patients

2018 PLoS ONE

109. Impact of Misclassification of Obesity by Body Mass Index on Mortality in Patients With CKD Full Text available with Trip Pro

Impact of Misclassification of Obesity by Body Mass Index on Mortality in Patients With CKD Unlike the general population, a higher body mass index (BMI) is associated with greater survival among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). This "obesity paradox" may be due to limitations of BMI as a measure of adiposity in CKD. Both BMI and body fat percentage (BF%) are used to classify obesity, but outcomes may vary. Therefore, we investigated the 2 different cutoffs for diagnosing obesity (...) (BMI ≥28 kg/m2 or BF% >25% for men and >35% for women) and the impact on all-cause mortality in CKD.A total of 326 patients with non-dialysis-dependent CKD were prospectively followed for a median of 4.9 years (range 2.9-5.3). BF% and lean body mass were determined using the Body Composition Monitor, a novel multifrequency bioimpedance spectroscopy device. Covariates included age, gender, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, estimated glomerular filtration rate, proteinuria, and high-sensitivity C

2017 Kidney international reports

110. High body mass index is a risk factor for difficult deep sedation in percutaneous mitral valve repair. Full Text available with Trip Pro

High body mass index is a risk factor for difficult deep sedation in percutaneous mitral valve repair. The safety and efficacy of deep sedation (DS) in MitraClip® procedures have been shown previously. However, clinical experience demonstrates that in some patients DS is difficult to achieve. We hypothesize that some patient characteristics can predict difficult DS.We prospectively analysed 69 patients undergoing MitraClip® procedures using DS. Application of DS was graded as simple (group 1 (...) characterized by a higher body mass index (33.7 ± 6.0 kg/m2 vs. 26.1 ± 4.1; p = 0.001), younger age (67 ± 13 years vs. 75 ± 13 years; p = 0.044), and reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (36% ± 10 vs. 45% ± 14; p = 0.051) and presented more often with an obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (6.9% vs. 45.5%; p = 0.003). In the multivariate analysis, body mass index was an independent predictor of difficult DS. Using a body mass index of 31 kg/m2 as a cut-off value, the sensitivity of predicting difficult

2018 PLoS ONE

111. Effectiveness of automatic tube potential selection with tube current modulation in coronary CT angiography for obese patients: Comparison with a body mass index-based protocol using the propensity score matching method. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effectiveness of automatic tube potential selection with tube current modulation in coronary CT angiography for obese patients: Comparison with a body mass index-based protocol using the propensity score matching method. Reduced image quality from increased X-ray scatter and image noise can be problematic when coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) imaging is performed in obese patients. The aim of this study was to compare the image quality and radiation dose obtained using automatic (...) tube potential selection with tube current modulation (APSCM) with those obtained using a body mass index (BMI)-based protocol for CCTA in obese patients.A total of 203 consecutive obese (BMI > 30 kg/m2) patients were retrospectively enrolled, of whom 96 underwent CCTA with APSCM and 107 underwent a BMI-based protocol. After applying the propensity score matching method, the clinical parameters, subjective and objective image quality, and radiation dose were compared between the APSCM group

2018 PLoS ONE

112. Markers of adiposity in HIV/AIDS patients: Agreement between waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio, waist-to-height ratio and body mass index. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Markers of adiposity in HIV/AIDS patients: Agreement between waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio, waist-to-height ratio and body mass index. Waist circumference (WC), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) are all independent predictors of cardio-metabolic risk and therefore important in HIV/AIDS patients on antiretroviral therapy at risk of increased visceral adiposity. This study aimed to assess the extent of agreement between these parameters and the body mass index

2018 PLoS ONE

113. Survival in patients on hemodialysis: Effect of gender according to body mass index and creatinine. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Survival in patients on hemodialysis: Effect of gender according to body mass index and creatinine. The association of a higher body mass index (BMI) with better survival is a well-known "obesity paradox" in patients on hemodialysis (HD). However, men and women have different body compositions, which could impact the effect of BMI on mortality. We investigated the effect of gender on the obesity-mortality relationship in Korean patients on HD.This study included 2,833 maintenance patients on HD (...) with better survival only in male patients on HD.BMI could be used as a risk factor for mortality in male patients on HD. However, the mortality of female patients on HD was not related with baseline and follow-up BMI. This suggests that BMI is a good surrogate marker of lean body composition, especially in male patients on HD.

2018 PLoS ONE

114. The importance of waist circumference and body mass index in cross-sectional relationships with risk of cardiovascular disease in Vietnam. Full Text available with Trip Pro

The importance of waist circumference and body mass index in cross-sectional relationships with risk of cardiovascular disease in Vietnam. Waist circumference (WC) is an indicator of intra-abdominal adipose tissue, high levels of which confer an increased risk of cardiometabolic disease. Population data on WC should be more informative than data on body mass index (BMI), which is a general indicator of body size. This study aimed to evaluate the importance of WC relative to BMI in cross (...) of Vietnam. All measurements were performed in accordance with the STEPS protocols. All analyses were performed using complex survey methods.The measurements of WC and BMI were highly correlated (men r = 0.80, women r = 0.77). For men, the strongest and predominant associations with BP, glucose, and TC were for WC or an index based on WC. For women, this was true for glucose but BMI was more important for BP and TC. WC or an index based on WC provided better discrimination than BMI of hypertension

2018 PLoS ONE

115. Association of current and former smoking with body mass index: A study of smoking discordant twin pairs from 21 twin cohorts. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Association of current and former smoking with body mass index: A study of smoking discordant twin pairs from 21 twin cohorts. Smokers tend to weigh less than never smokers, while successful quitting leads to an increase in body weight. Because smokers and non-smokers may differ in genetic and environmental family background, we analysed data from twin pairs in which the co-twins differed by their smoking behaviour to evaluate if the association between smoking and body mass index (BMI) remains

2018 PLoS ONE

116. Pre-pregnancy body mass index classification and gestational weight gain on neonatal outcomes in adolescent mothers: A follow-up study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Pre-pregnancy body mass index classification and gestational weight gain on neonatal outcomes in adolescent mothers: A follow-up study. Institute of Medicine gestational weight gain recommendations are based on body mass index (BMI) status using adult cut-off points for women of all ages, even though adolescents have specific criteria, like WHO and CDC, so adolescents can receive inadequate weight gain recommendations.To estimate the proportion of classification disparity between the three

2018 PLoS ONE

117. Body mass index ≥23 is a risk factor for insulin resistance and diabetes in Japanese people: A brief report. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Body mass index ≥23 is a risk factor for insulin resistance and diabetes in Japanese people: A brief report. Screening for undiagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus is recommended for Asian Americans with a body mass index ≥23. However, the optimal body mass index cut-off score for predicting the risk of diabetes mellitus in Japanese people is not well known. The aim of this study was to determine the best body mass index cut-off score for predicting insulin resistance and diabetes mellitus (...) cut-off scores for prediction of insulin resistance and diabetes mellitus were determined.In the clamp study, the optimal body mass index cut-off score to predict insulin resistance in non-diabetic patients was 22.7. All participants with type 2 diabetes mellitus were insulin resistant, and the optimal body mass index cut-off score for prediction of severe insulin resistance was 26.2. When the data from the type 2 diabetic and the non-diabetic participants were combined, the optimal body mass

2018 PLoS ONE

118. Correction: Effect of body mass index on diabetogenesis factors at a fixed fasting plasma glucose level. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Correction: Effect of body mass index on diabetogenesis factors at a fixed fasting plasma glucose level. [This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0189115.].

2018 PLoS ONE

119. Factors associated with body mass index in children and adolescents: An international cross-sectional study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Factors associated with body mass index in children and adolescents: An international cross-sectional study. The increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity in childhood has implications for their future health. There are many potential contributors to overweight and obesity in childhood. The aim was to investigate the association between postulated risk factors and body mass index (BMI) in children and adolescents.Secondary analysis of data from a multi-centre, multi-country, cross

2018 PLoS ONE

120. Executive function impairments in fibromyalgia syndrome: Relevance of clinical variables and body mass index. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Executive function impairments in fibromyalgia syndrome: Relevance of clinical variables and body mass index. Several investigations suggest the presence of deterioration of executive function in fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS). The study quantified executive functions in patients with FMS. A wide array of functions was assessed, including updating, shifting and inhibition, as well as decision making and mental planning. Moreover, clinical variables were investigated as possible mediators (...) of executive dysfunction, including pain severity, psychiatric comorbidity, medication and body mass index (BMI).Fifty-two FMS patients and 32 healthy controls completed a battery of 14 neuropsychological tests. Clinical interviews were conducted and the McGill Pain Questionnaire, Beck Depression Inventory, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, Fatigue Severity Scale and Oviedo Quality of Sleep Questionnaire were presented.Patients performed poorer than controls on the Letter Number Sequencing, Arithmetic

2018 PLoS ONE

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