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Body Mass Index

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81. Effect of a Behavioral Intervention for Underserved Preschool-Age Children on Change in Body Mass Index: A Randomized Clinical Trial. (PubMed)

Effect of a Behavioral Intervention for Underserved Preschool-Age Children on Change in Body Mass Index: A Randomized Clinical Trial. Prevention of obesity during childhood is critical for children in underserved populations, for whom obesity prevalence and risk of chronic disease are highest.To test the effect of a multicomponent behavioral intervention on child body mass index (BMI, calculated as weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared) growth trajectories over 36 months among

2018 JAMA Controlled trial quality: predicted high

82. Advanced body composition assessment: from body mass index to body composition profiling (PubMed)

Advanced body composition assessment: from body mass index to body composition profiling This paper gives a brief overview of common non-invasive techniques for body composition analysis and a more in-depth review of a body composition assessment method based on fat-referenced quantitative MRI. Earlier published studies of this method are summarized, and a previously unpublished validation study, based on 4753 subjects from the UK Biobank imaging cohort, comparing the quantitative MRI method (...) with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is presented. For whole-body measurements of adipose tissue (AT) or fat and lean tissue (LT), DXA and quantitative MRIs show excellent agreement with linear correlation of 0.99 and 0.97, and coefficient of variation (CV) of 4.5 and 4.6 per cent for fat (computed from AT) and LT, respectively, but the agreement was found significantly lower for visceral adipose tissue, with a CV of >20 per cent. The additional ability of MRI to also measure muscle volumes

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2018 Journal of Investigative Medicine

83. Effects of probiotics on body weight, body mass index, fat mass and fat percentage in subjects with overweight or obesity: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. (PubMed)

Effects of probiotics on body weight, body mass index, fat mass and fat percentage in subjects with overweight or obesity: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials was conducted to examine the effects of probiotic supplementation on body weight, body mass index (BMI), fat mass and fat percentage in subjects with overweight (BMI 25-29.9 kg m-2 ) or obesity (BMI ≥30 kg m-2 ). MEDLINE, EMBASE (...) . Administration of probiotics resulted in a significantly larger reduction in body weight (weighted mean difference [95% confidence interval]; -0.60 [-1.19, -0.01] kg, I2  = 49%), BMI (-0.27 [-0.45, -0.08] kg m-2 , I2  = 57%) and fat percentage (-0.60 [-1.20, -0.01] %, I2  = 19%), compared with placebo; however, the effect sizes were small. The effect of probiotics on fat mass was non-significant (-0.42 [-1.08, 0.23] kg, I2  = 84%).© 2017 The Authors. Obesity Reviews published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd

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2017 Obesity reviews : an official journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity

84. Body Mass Hides the Curve: Thoracic Scoliometer Readings Vary by Body Mass Index Value (PubMed)

Body Mass Hides the Curve: Thoracic Scoliometer Readings Vary by Body Mass Index Value Guidelines suggest referral for scoliosis when rib slope (scoliometer measurement, angle of trunk rotation) is ≥7 degrees. We hypothesized that overweight and obese patients would have lower scoliometer measurements compared with normal-weight and underweight patients for a given spinal curvature, causing overweight and obese patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis to present for treatment later (...) and with larger curves. Our goal was to determine the association between scoliometer readings and major curve magnitudes in relation to body mass index (BMI).This retrospective cohort study at a tertiary referral center included 483 patients (420 girls) aged 10 to 18 years (mean age, 14±1.6 y) with thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis who presented to 1 orthopaedic surgeon for initial evaluation of spinal deformity from 2010 to 2015. Records were reviewed for BMI percentile for age and sex (underweight

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2017 Journal of pediatric orthopedics

85. Effects of basic traditional Chinese diet on body mass index, lean body mass, and eating and hunger behaviours in overweight or obese individuals. (PubMed)

Effects of basic traditional Chinese diet on body mass index, lean body mass, and eating and hunger behaviours in overweight or obese individuals. To compare the effects of a basic traditional Chinese diet with a Western standard diet on body mass index (BMI), lean body mass (LBD), and eating and hunger behaviours.A sample of 284 patients were randomized into 2 groups: group A (n = 142) followed a basic traditional Chinese diet (BCTD) and group B (n = 142) followed a Western standard diet (WSD

2017 Journal of traditional Chinese medicine = Chung i tsa chih ying wen pan Controlled trial quality: uncertain

86. Waist-To-Hip Ratio vs. Body Mass Index as a Predictor of Total Mortality for People with Normal Weight and Central Obesity

Waist-To-Hip Ratio vs. Body Mass Index as a Predictor of Total Mortality for People with Normal Weight and Central Obesity "Waist-To-Hip Ratio vs. Body Mass Index as a Predictor of Total Mortali" by David Smith < > > > > > Title Author Date of Graduation Summer 8-13-2016 Degree Type Capstone Project Degree Name Master of Science in Physician Assistant Studies First Advisor Jennifer Van Atta Second Advisor AnnjanetteSommers Rights . Abstract Background: Obesity has become one of the greatest (...) health risks in the U.S. Obesity is one of the largest causes of mortality in the country leading to the development of cardiovascular disease, liver disease, and endocrine disorders, to name a few. For decades, the gold standard in predicting a person’s likelihood of developing complications secondary to obesity has been their body mass index (BMI). While BMI succeeds in identifying many who are at risk for developing the complications listed above, there are some individuals who may not receive

2016 Pacific University EBM Capstone Project

87. Impact of Misclassification of Obesity by Body Mass Index on Mortality in Patients With CKD (PubMed)

Impact of Misclassification of Obesity by Body Mass Index on Mortality in Patients With CKD Unlike the general population, a higher body mass index (BMI) is associated with greater survival among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). This "obesity paradox" may be due to limitations of BMI as a measure of adiposity in CKD. Both BMI and body fat percentage (BF%) are used to classify obesity, but outcomes may vary. Therefore, we investigated the 2 different cutoffs for diagnosing obesity (...) (BMI ≥28 kg/m2 or BF% >25% for men and >35% for women) and the impact on all-cause mortality in CKD.A total of 326 patients with non-dialysis-dependent CKD were prospectively followed for a median of 4.9 years (range 2.9-5.3). BF% and lean body mass were determined using the Body Composition Monitor, a novel multifrequency bioimpedance spectroscopy device. Covariates included age, gender, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, estimated glomerular filtration rate, proteinuria, and high-sensitivity C

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2017 Kidney international reports

88. Hospital costs in relation to body-mass index in 1·1 million women in England: a prospective cohort study (PubMed)

Hospital costs in relation to body-mass index in 1·1 million women in England: a prospective cohort study Excess weight is associated with poor health and increased health-care costs. However, a detailed understanding of the effects of excess weight on total hospital costs and costs for different health conditions is needed.Women in England aged 50-64 years were recruited into the prospective Million Women Study cohort in 1996-2001 through 60 NHS breast cancer screening centres. Participants (...) were followed up and annual hospital costs and admission rates were estimated for April 1, 2006, to March 31, 2011, in relation to body-mass index (BMI) at recruitment, overall and for categories of health conditions defined by the International Classification of Diseases 10th revision chapter of the primary diagnosis at admission. Associations of BMI with hospital costs were projected to the 2013 population of women aged 55-79 years in England.1 093 866 women who provided information on height

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2017 The Lancet. Public health

89. Body Mass Index and Incident Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes in Children and Young Adults: A Retrospective Cohort Study (PubMed)

Body Mass Index and Incident Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes in Children and Young Adults: A Retrospective Cohort Study Little is known about the association between obesity and temporal trends in the incidence of diabetes in children and young adults.We examined the recent incidence of types 1 and 2 diabetes in relation to a high body mass index (BMI) in UK children and young adults.Cohort and nested case-control.A total of 375 general practices that contribute to the UK Clinical Practice Research

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2017 Journal of the Endocrine Society

90. High body mass index is a predictor of left ventricular reverse remodelling in heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (PubMed)

High body mass index is a predictor of left ventricular reverse remodelling in heart failure with reduced ejection fraction Structural and functional left ventricular alterations can occur in heart failure (HF), referred to as left ventricular reverse remodelling (LVRR). This study aimed to define novel predictors of LVRR besides well-known effects of medical and device therapy.From echographic database, we included 295 patients with both left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤45 (...) and left ventricular end-diastolic volumes at index examination, yet a higher body mass index (BMI) than non-LVRR patients. Obesity was observed in 25% of LVRR patients vs. 14% in others. In multivariate analyses, BMI (per each 1 kg/m2 increase) emerged as a predictor of LVRR: odds ratio 1.10 (95% confidence interval 1.02-1.19) after adjustment to other predictors of LVRR. During a mean follow-up of 37 months, 32% of patients had a major adverse cardiac event; de novo HF, age, and LVEF were associated

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2017 ESC heart failure

91. Association of Body Mass Index With Cardiometabolic Disease in the UK Biobank: A Mendelian Randomization Study (PubMed)

Association of Body Mass Index With Cardiometabolic Disease in the UK Biobank: A Mendelian Randomization Study Higher body mass index (BMI) is a risk factor for cardiometabolic disease; however, the underlying causal associations remain unclear.To use UK Biobank data to report causal estimates of the association between BMI and cardiometabolic disease outcomes and traits, such as pulse rate, using mendelian randomization.Cross-sectional baseline data from a population-based cohort study

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2017 JAMA cardiology

92. Body Mass Index Decline Is Related to Spinocerebellar Ataxia Disease Progression (PubMed)

Body Mass Index Decline Is Related to Spinocerebellar Ataxia Disease Progression Spinocerebellar ataxias (SCAs) are dominantly inherited, progressive ataxia disorders. Disease progression could be preceded by weight loss.We aimed to study the course of weight loss in patients who had the most common SCAs (SCA1, SCA2 SCA3, and SCA6). Additional objectives were to identify subgroups of weight evolution, to determine the factors influencing these evolutions, and to assess the impact (...) of these evolutions on disease progression.In total, 384 patients from the EUROSCA prospective cohort study were analyzed who had SCA1, SCA2, SCA3, or SCA6 and at least 3 measurements of weight. Age was used as a time scale. Clinical outcomes were body mass index (BMI) and the Scale for the Assessment and Rating Ataxia (SARA), with scores ranging from 0 to 40. We used a linear mixed model to analyze the course of BMI and a latent class mixed model to identify subgroup BMI evolution.Overall, BMI declined over time

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2017 Movement disorders clinical practice

93. Association between body mass index (BMI) and duration of pregnancy in women referred to Shariati Hospital in Bandar Abbas (PubMed)

Association between body mass index (BMI) and duration of pregnancy in women referred to Shariati Hospital in Bandar Abbas Prolonged pregnancy is associated with increased risk of pregnancy complications. The role of body mass index (BMI) is not completely identified in the risk of occurrence of prolonged pregnancy. The aim of this study was to determine the association between BMI and duration of pregnancy in woman referred to the Shariati Maternity Hospital in Bandar Abbas (Hormozgan Province

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2017 Electronic physician

94. Biopsychological and pathophysiological features of Cold-Heat subgroup of Sasang typology with Sasang Digestive Function Inventory, Sasang Personality Questionnaire and Body Mass Index (PubMed)

Biopsychological and pathophysiological features of Cold-Heat subgroup of Sasang typology with Sasang Digestive Function Inventory, Sasang Personality Questionnaire and Body Mass Index The Sasang typology is a traditional Korean personalized medicine and its Cold-Heat subgroup identification is essential for effective use of medical herbs and acupuncture. The purpose of this study was to discover differences between Cold-Heat subgroups with objective clinical measures and to examine its (...) clinical usefulness.The pathophysiological symptoms of the digestive system, temperament and body shape of 241 patients were measured using the Sasang Digestive Function Inventory (SDFI), Sasang Personality Questionnaire (SPQ) and Body Mass Index (BMI). The differences between Cold and Heat subgroups of each Sasang types were tested by Analysis of Covariance considering age and sex, while the associations of SDFI, SPQ and BMI with Cold-Heat subgroup were examined by logistic regression analysis.There

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2017 Integrative medicine research

95. Impact of Body Mass Index on Early Postoperative and Long-Term Outcome after Rectal Cancer Surgery (PubMed)

Impact of Body Mass Index on Early Postoperative and Long-Term Outcome after Rectal Cancer Surgery The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of obesity and underweight onto early postoperative and long-term oncological outcome after surgery for rectal cancer.Data from 2008 until 2011 was gathered by a German prospective multicenter observational study. 62 items were reported by the physicians in charge, and a consecutive follow-up was performed if the patient had signed a consent form

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2017 Visceral medicine

96. Prevalence of depression and anxiety and their association with body mass index among high school students in Qazvin, Iran, 2013–2014 (PubMed)

Prevalence of depression and anxiety and their association with body mass index among high school students in Qazvin, Iran, 2013–2014 Evidence shows that mental disorders among adolescents are associated with suicide, drug abuse, acute infectious diseases and low educational performances.To determine the prevalence of depression and anxiety and their associations with body mass index (BMI) among high school students in Qazvin, Iran in 2013-2014.A descriptive and analytical cross-sectional (...) ). Respondents showed 23.75% and 11.07% mild to moderate symptoms of depression and anxiety, respectively as well as 8.08 and 3.75% severe symptoms of depression and anxiety, respectively. There was a positive and significant association between depression and anxiety (r=0.256, p<0.001) and between depression and body mass index (BMI) (r=0.333, p<0.001), however there was an inverse association between anxiety and BMI (r=0.086, p<0.006).The current study made a significant step forward in assessment

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2017 Electronic physician

97. A Cross-sectional Prospective Study of Asymptomatic Urinary Abnormalities, Blood Pressure, and Body Mass Index in Healthy School Children (PubMed)

A Cross-sectional Prospective Study of Asymptomatic Urinary Abnormalities, Blood Pressure, and Body Mass Index in Healthy School Children Screening school children for urinary abnormalities is an inexpensive task but is not commonly undertaken in India. Although debated in western countries, its utility in early diagnosis of kidney disorders has been proved by studies from Asia. We examined the prevalence of asymptomatic urinary abnormalities (AUA), obesity, and hypertension in school children (...) screened. Of these, data from 9306 children were available for AUA, obesity, and hypertension. The prevalence rate was 7.44% (95% confidence interval [CI] = 6.91%-7.97%) for at least 1 AUA. Isolated hematuria was present in 5.2% (95% CI 4.75%-5.65%), whereas isolated proteinuria was present in 1.9% (95% CI = 1.62%-2.18%). The prevalence of prehypertension was 13.43% (95% CI = 12.74%-14.12%) and that of hypertension and abnormal body mass index was 4.05% (95% CI = 6.43%-7.47%) and 38.67 (95% CI = 37.68

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2017 Kidney international reports

98. Effect of body mass index in outcome of patients undergoing cardiac surgery

Effect of body mass index in outcome of patients undergoing cardiac surgery Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email (...) or drug class or dose) and effect size. They should be considered hypothesis-generating. Ideally, a threshold describing the number of studies per subgroup required for analysis should be specified. For further guidance please refer to the and to pre-clinical meta-analysis. Example: The following study characteristics will be examined as potential source of heterogeneity: species (stratified per species); sex (stratified per sex); duration of index ischemia (linear); stem cell dose (linear); blinding

2019 PROSPERO

99. The relationship between body mass index and the rate of Forced Expiratory Volume in one second (FEV1) decline in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis

The relationship between body mass index and the rate of Forced Expiratory Volume in one second (FEV1) decline in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears (...) of heterogeneity: species (stratified per species); sex (stratified per sex); duration of index ischemia (linear); stem cell dose (linear); blinding of outcome assessment reported (stratified yes vs no). For stratified analyses, a minimum number of 8 studies per subgroup is required. ">Subgroup analyses A sensitivity analysis is conducted to assess the impact of decisions taken in the review process on the meta-analysis outcome. These decisions may have been made in various stages of the review, e.g

2019 PROSPERO

100. Influence of increased body mass index on orthodontic tooth movement and related parameters in children and adolescents. A systematic review of longitudinal controlled clinical studies

Influence of increased body mass index on orthodontic tooth movement and related parameters in children and adolescents. A systematic review of longitudinal controlled clinical studies Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility (...) species); sex (stratified per sex); duration of index ischemia (linear); stem cell dose (linear); blinding of outcome assessment reported (stratified yes vs no). For stratified analyses, a minimum number of 8 studies per subgroup is required. ">Subgroup analyses A sensitivity analysis is conducted to assess the impact of decisions taken in the review process on the meta-analysis outcome. These decisions may have been made in various stages of the review, e.g. the decision to exclude certain disease

2019 PROSPERO

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