How to Trip Rapid Review

Step 1: Select articles relevant to your search (remember the system is only optimised for single intervention studies)

Step 2: press

Step 3: review the result, and maybe amend the or if you know better! If we're unsure of the overall sentiment of the trial we will display the conclusion under the article title. We then require you to tell us what the correct sentiment is.

96,653 results for

Body Mass Index

by
...
Latest & greatest
Alerts

Export results

Use check boxes to select individual results below

SmartSearch available

Trip's SmartSearch engine has discovered connected searches & results. Click to show

96621. The association of body mass index and osteoarthritis of the knee joint: an examination of genetic and environmental influences. (Abstract)

The association of body mass index and osteoarthritis of the knee joint: an examination of genetic and environmental influences. To examine the genetic and environmental influences on the known association between body mass index (BMI) and knee osteoarthritis (OA), using adult twin data.Bilateral knee radiographs were obtained from 785 pairs of healthy female twins (mean age 54.5 +/- 7.8 years) from the St. Thomas' Hospital Adult Twin Registry (261 monozygotic [MZ] and 524 dizygotic [DZ] twin (...) pairs). Tibiofemoral knee OA was graded according to the Kellgren and Lawrence (K/L) scoring system on an ordinal scale of 0-4. Presence of knee OA was defined as a K/L grade of > or =2 on either side of the knee joint. Body weight and height were measured and the subjects were stratified into quartiles of BMI. Cross-trait cross-twin association of BMI and knee OA was assessed by logistic regression, to assess whether genetic or environmental influences explain the BMI-knee OA link. The genetic

2003 Arthritis and Rheumatism

96622. Body mass index and asthma severity among adults presenting to the emergency department. (Abstract)

Body mass index and asthma severity among adults presenting to the emergency department. Among adults presenting to the emergency department (ED) with acute asthma, we sought to determine the prevalence of obesity, and the relation of body mass index (BMI) to asthma severity in this high-risk population.Multicenter, prospective cohort study.Twenty-six North American EDs.Five hundred seventy-two patients aged 18 to 54 years presenting with acute asthma.None.A standardized interview assessed

2003 Chest

96623. Impact of body mass index on outcomes following critical care. (Abstract)

Impact of body mass index on outcomes following critical care. To determine the impact of body mass index (BMI) on outcomes in critically ill patients.Retrospective analysis of a large multi-institutional ICU database.The influence of BMI classification (underweight, < 20 kg/m(2); normal [control subjects], 20 to 25 kg/m(2); overweight, 25 to 30 kg/m(2); obese, 30 to 40 kg/m(2); severe obesity, > 40 kg/m(2)) on hospital survival, functional status at hospital discharge, and ICU/hospital length

2003 Chest

96624. Longitudinal changes of body mass index, spirometry and diffusion in a general population. (Abstract)

Longitudinal changes of body mass index, spirometry and diffusion in a general population. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of body mass index (BMI) changes over an 8-yr follow-up, on longitudinal changes of vital capacity (VC), forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), and carbon monoxide diffusing capacity of the lung (DL,CO) indices in a general population sample of North Italy. To avoid including weight changes possibly related to physical (...) values. Males experienced larger losses than females (20 and 16 mL FEV1 median reduction for a BMI unit increase in males and females, respectively). Conversely, longitudinal changes of BMI caused a slight and nonsignificant increase in DL,CO values in both sexes. Over an 8-yr follow-up, the detrimental effect of gaining weight might be reversible for many adults as most of those who reduced their body mass index values also increased their lung function. Overweight patients with ventilatory

2002 European Respiratory Journal

96625. The relation of body mass index to asthma, chronic bronchitis, and emphysema. (Abstract)

The relation of body mass index to asthma, chronic bronchitis, and emphysema. Recent studies have suggested a relationship between asthma and obesity. Despite these reports, the effect of being underweight or overweight as a risk factor for airway obstructive diseases (AODs) is not clear.To determine whether a relation of body mass index (BMI) to asthma, chronic bronchitis (CB), or emphysema exists (analysis 1), and, if so, whether the association between obesity and asthma is modified

2002 Chest

96626. Relation between body mass index and radiological progression in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. (Abstract)

Relation between body mass index and radiological progression in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. To determine if there is an influence of body mass index (BMI) on the radiological progression in early and longer duration rheumatoid arthritis (RA).Fifty-four patients with RA were observed in a progressive 2 year followup for radiological progression of joint damage. At the beginning of study, 27 (50%) patients had a duration of complaints less than 6 months, grouped as early RA. BMI

2003 Journal of Rheumatology

96627. Cartilage turnover assessed with a newly developed assay measuring collagen type II degradation products: influence of age, sex, menopause, hormone replacement therapy, and body mass index. (Full text)

Cartilage turnover assessed with a newly developed assay measuring collagen type II degradation products: influence of age, sex, menopause, hormone replacement therapy, and body mass index. Cartilage normally has a slow turnover but in arthritis increased metabolism results in degradation of the tissue.To assess cartilage turnover in a sample of the general population by an assay measuring cartilage derived urinary collagen type II (CTX-II) C-telopeptide degradation products.CTX-II (...) concentrations were measured in urine samples from 615 healthy men and women aged 20-87 years, and the influence of age, sex, menopause, hormone replacement therapy (HRT), and body mass index (BMI) was assessed.CTX-II concentrations showed age dependent variations, with notable differences between men and women. Mean (SD) CTX-II concentration in postmenopausal women (220 (118) ng/mmol, n=25) was significantly higher than in an age matched group of premenopausal women (112 (79) ng/mmol, n=26, p<0.001). CTX-II

2003 Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases PubMed abstract

96628. Alterations in height, weight, and body mass index of newborns, children, and young adults in eastern Germany after German reunification. (Abstract)

Alterations in height, weight, and body mass index of newborns, children, and young adults in eastern Germany after German reunification. To examine the effects of the socioeconomic changes occurring during the German reunification on anthropometric data of newborns, children, and young adults. Study design Data were drawn from different perinatal surveys and cross-sectional studies that were conducted in the newly formed German states before and after reunification (1984-2000).The mean birth (...) weight of newborns increased 151 g between 1984 and 1985 (n = 51,447) and 1997 (n = 83,052), whereas length increased by 0.2 cm. Among 7- to 10-year-old school children in the federal state of Saxonia between 1984 and 1985 (n = 2359) and 1999 and 2000 (n = 11,575), an increase of height by 1 to 2 cm and weight by 1.2 to 2.6 kg was observed. Average body mass index (BMI) increased by 0.7 to 0.9 kg/m(2). Among military recruits from Eastern Germany, an increase in weight and height was observed between

2003 Journal of Pediatrics

96629. Duration of television watching is associated with increased body mass index. (Abstract)

Duration of television watching is associated with increased body mass index. To assess the effect of television viewing on subsequent change in body mass index (BMI=kg/m(2)) percentiles (BMI%) in adolescence.Data were drawn from the California Teen Longitudinal Survey of adolescents 12 to 17 years old with baseline assessment in 1993 and follow-up in 1996. Self-reported height and weight were used to calculate BMI and derive age-specific and sex-specific BMI%. Hours of television watched per

2003 Journal of Pediatrics

96630. One-year changes in activity and in inactivity among 10- to 15-year-old boys and girls: relationship to change in body mass index. (Abstract)

One-year changes in activity and in inactivity among 10- to 15-year-old boys and girls: relationship to change in body mass index. Cross-sectional studies have suggested that children who were less physically active and children who watched more television (TV) had more excess body weight, but no large nationwide longitudinal studies have addressed whether children who change their personal levels of activity or inactivity, from one year to the next, experience changes in adiposity. Our (...) objective is to study the association between change in body mass index (BMI) over 1 year and same year change in recreational physical activity and change in recreational inactivity (TV/videos/video games).Cohort study using data from 2 mailed questionnaires, 1 year apart.A total of 11 887 boys and girls, aged 10 to 15, who returned questionnaires in both 1997 and 1998 as part of the Growing Up Today Study. Outcome Measure. Change in BMI from 1997-1998, accounting for increases in BMI associated

2003 Pediatrics

96631. An increased body mass index is no risk factor for postoperative nausea and vomiting. A systematic review and results of original data. (Abstract)

An increased body mass index is no risk factor for postoperative nausea and vomiting. A systematic review and results of original data. An increased Body Mass Index (BMI) is almost always mentioned as a fundamental risk factor for postoperative nausea (PN), vomiting (PV) or both (PONV). However, multivariate analyses were unable to detect any correlation. Therefore, we asked whether an increased BMI is really a risk factor for PONV.For the systematic review, a search of electronic databases

2001 Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica

96632. Body mass index and lactation performance. (Abstract)

Body mass index and lactation performance. Data from the world literature have been analysed in order to test whether low body mass index (BMI: kg/m2) is a useful indicator of functional impairment of lactation performance. Forty-one databases containing 1726 measurements have been identified as having reliable estimates of breast-milk quantity and/or quality. There is no detectable relationship between maternal BMI and the volume of milk produced by mothers when analysed according to the mean

1995 European journal of clinical nutrition

96633. Meta-analysis of the association of Trp64Arg polymorphism of beta 3-adrenergic receptor gene with body mass index. (Full text)

Meta-analysis of the association of Trp64Arg polymorphism of beta 3-adrenergic receptor gene with body mass index. A possible pathogenic polymorphism in the beta 3-adrenergic receptor gene (Trp64Arg) has been reported to be associated with increased body weight, clinical features of insulin resistance, and early development of type 2 diabetes mellitus in several populations. However, such findings have not been consistent among studies, making the hypothesis that this genetic marker (...) is associated with clinical features controversial. To assess the effect of the genotypes on body mass index (BMI), we performed a meta-analysis of the data from the literature using an extension of ANOVA for continuous measures. In a total of 48 subgroups containing subjects with (n = 2447) and without (n = 6789) the Trp64Arg variant, the summary weighted mean difference in BMI was 0.30 (95% confidence interval, 0.13-0.47) kg/m2, indicating that variant carriers exhibited higher BMI (on the average, 0.30

1998 The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism PubMed abstract

96634. Meta-analysis of the association of the Trp64Arg polymorphism in the beta3 adrenergic receptor with body mass index. (Full text)

Meta-analysis of the association of the Trp64Arg polymorphism in the beta3 adrenergic receptor with body mass index. As a result of efforts to isolate obesity-promoting genes, the Trp64Arg polymorphism in the beta3 adrenergic receptor locus, has been studied by many investigators. Results of the studies have varied in statistical significance and magnitude of the association of the polymorphism with body mass index (BMI: kg/m2). This has led to controversy about whether this polymorphism

1998 International journal of obesity and related metabolic disorders : journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity PubMed abstract

96635. A meta-analysis of body mass index and risk of premenopausal breast cancer. (Abstract)

A meta-analysis of body mass index and risk of premenopausal breast cancer. Increased body mass index (BMI) has been found to be associated with elevated risk of postmenopausal breast cancer. Whether BMI is related to premenopausal breast cancer has not yet been established. We performed a meta-analyses of data from 23 studies that provided information on BMI and incidence of premenopausal breast cancer. Overall, the data support a modest inverse association. For a BMI difference of 8 kg per m2

1995 Epidemiology (Cambridge, Mass.)

96636. Coronary heart disease and body mass index: a systematic review of the evidence from larger prospective cohort studies. (Abstract)

Coronary heart disease and body mass index: a systematic review of the evidence from larger prospective cohort studies. We systematically reviewed English-language publications arising from prospective cohort studies of the association between coronary heart disease risk and body mass index. Eighty published articles from 46 studies were identified. Two thirds of the studies, including all 14 studies with at least 500 cases ("larger" studies), reported a positive or J-shaped association. Among (...) these 14 larger studies, the average increase in coronary heart disease risk for each 2 kg/m (2) higher body mass index was 14%. There was only limited evidence of effect modification by age, sex, ethnicity, or other variables. Evidence from many studies, including randomized controlled trials, implies that the association between coronary heart disease risk and body mass index is partly (or perhaps wholly) mediated by high blood pressure, dyslipidemia, and impaired glucose tolerance.

2002 Seminars in vascular medicine

96637. Meta-analysis of the effect of excluding early deaths on the estimated relationship between body mass index and mortality. (Abstract)

Meta-analysis of the effect of excluding early deaths on the estimated relationship between body mass index and mortality. Prospective cohort studies typically observe U- or J-shaped relationships between body mass index (BMI) (kg/m2) and mortality. However, some studies suggest that the elevated mortality at lower BMIs is due to confounding by pre-existing occult disease and recommend eliminating subjects who die during the first several (k) years of follow-up. This meta-analysis tests (...) the effects of such early death exclusion on the BMI-mortality association.Studies identified from MEDLINE, review articles, ancestry analyses, and the "invisible college."1) measured relative body weight at baseline; 2) included at least 1000 subjects; 3) reported results with and without early-death exclusion, or relevant data; and 4) did not study exclusively diseased populations. Blank tables were mailed to 131 investigators covering 59 databases. Completed tables (n = 16 databases), electronic raw

1999 Obesity research

96638. Effect of smoking on the body mass index-mortality relation: empirical evidence from 15 studies. BMI in Diverse Populations Collaborative Group. (Full text)

Effect of smoking on the body mass index-mortality relation: empirical evidence from 15 studies. BMI in Diverse Populations Collaborative Group. The authors examined the impact of smoking status on the relation between body mass index (weight (kg)/ height (m)2) and mortality across a group of 15 diverse observational studies. The studies included a heterogeneous sample of national samples, cohort studies with mortality follow-up, and clinical trials. Consideration of the data according (...) to natural strata resulted in the formation of 42 analytic cohorts. The authors examined survival through the end of follow-up for each study, as influenced by body mass index, age, and current smoking status at baseline, using a proportional hazards model to describe the relation between body mass index and mortality with control for age and smoking status. In this paper, the authors demonstrate that the estimated body mass index of minimum mortality changes when data are analyzed while ignoring smoking

2000 American journal of epidemiology PubMed abstract

96639. Impact of body mass index on outcome after percutaneous coronary intervention (the obesity paradox). (Abstract)

Impact of body mass index on outcome after percutaneous coronary intervention (the obesity paradox). 12088778 2002 07 31 2019 12 10 0002-9149 90 1 2002 Jul 01 The American journal of cardiology Am. J. Cardiol. Impact of body mass index on outcome after percutaneous coronary intervention (the obesity paradox). 42-5 Gurm Hitinder S HS Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio 44195, USA. Brennan Danielle M DM Booth Joan J Tcheng James E JE Lincoff A Michael AM Topol Eric J EJ eng Journal (...) Article Meta-Analysis Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't United States Am J Cardiol 0207277 0002-9149 0 Platelet Glycoprotein GPIIb-IIIa Complex AIM IM Aged Body Mass Index Female Humans Male Middle Aged Myocardial Infarction epidemiology Myocardial Revascularization statistics & numerical data Obesity epidemiology Outcome and Process Assessment, Health Care Platelet Glycoprotein GPIIb-IIIa Complex antagonists & inhibitors Postoperative Hemorrhage epidemiology Reoperation statistics & numerical data

2002 The American journal of cardiology

96640. A meta-analytic investigation of linkage and association of common leptin receptor (LEPR) polymorphisms with body mass index and waist circumference. (Full text)

A meta-analytic investigation of linkage and association of common leptin receptor (LEPR) polymorphisms with body mass index and waist circumference. We analyzed data pooled from nine studies on the human leptin receptor (LEPR) gene for the association of three alleles (K109R, Q223R and K656N) of LEPR with body mass index (BMI; kg/m(2)) and waist circumference (WC). A total of 3263 related and unrelated subjects from diverse ethnic backgrounds including African-American, Caucasian, Danish

2002 International journal of obesity and related metabolic disorders : journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity PubMed abstract

To help you find the content you need quickly, you can filter your results via the categories on the right-hand side >>>>