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Body Mass Index

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94721. Changing the threshold of body mass index that indicates obesity affects health targets. (PubMed)

Changing the threshold of body mass index that indicates obesity affects health targets. 8842087 1996 11 05 2008 11 20 0959-8138 313 7060 1996 Sep 28 BMJ (Clinical research ed.) BMJ Changing the threshold of body mass index that indicates obesity affects health targets. 815-6 Hill T T Roberts J J eng Letter England BMJ 8900488 0959-8138 AIM IM Adolescent Adult Body Mass Index Body Weight Female Humans Male Middle Aged Obesity diagnosis 1996 9 28 1996 9 28 0 1 1996 9 28 0 0 ppublish 8842087

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1996 BMJ : British Medical Journal

94722. Smoking cessation and body mass index of occupationally active men: the Israeli CORDIS Study. (PubMed)

Smoking cessation and body mass index of occupationally active men: the Israeli CORDIS Study. This study estimated weight gain after smoking cessation and identified factors attenuating this gain.We conducted a prospective follow-up of 1209 male factory workers for 2 to 4 years. The independent variables were smoking habits. age, sports activity, education, alcohol consumption, ethnicity, duration of follow-up, and body mass index (BMI, kg/m2) at entry. The dependent variable was increase

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1999 American Journal of Public Health

94723. Body mass index standards for children : 1990 data will remain available (PubMed)

Body mass index standards for children : 1990 data will remain available 10398646 1999 08 26 2018 11 13 0959-8138 319 7202 1999 Jul 10 BMJ (Clinical research ed.) BMJ Body mass index standards for children. 1990 data will remain available. 122 Preece M M Cole T T Fry T T eng Letter England BMJ 8900488 0959-8138 AIM IM Body Mass Index Child Humans Reference Standards United Kingdom 1999 7 10 1999 7 10 0 1 1999 7 10 0 0 ppublish 10398646 PMC1116202 BMJ. 1998 Nov 21;317(7170):1401-2 9822390

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1999 BMJ : British Medical Journal

94724. Does the body mass index get more attention than it deserves? (PubMed)

Does the body mass index get more attention than it deserves? 10420870 1999 08 11 2008 11 20 0820-3946 161 1 1999 Jul 13 CMAJ : Canadian Medical Association journal = journal de l'Association medicale canadienne CMAJ Does the body mass index get more attention than it deserves? 72 Silversides A A eng Journal Article Canada CMAJ 9711805 0820-3946 0 Anti-Obesity Agents AIM IM N Anti-Obesity Agents adverse effects Body Mass Index Female Humans Obesity physiopathology prevention & control (...) psychology Severity of Illness Index Weight Loss physiology 1999 7 27 1999 7 27 0 1 1999 7 27 0 0 ppublish 10420870 PMC1232662

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1999 CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal

94725. Body mass index in children varies with height (PubMed)

Body mass index in children varies with height 10531134 1999 11 18 1756-1833 319 7217 1999 Oct 23 BMJ (Clinical research ed.) BMJ Body mass index in children varies with height C eng Journal Article England BMJ 8900488 0959-8138 1999 10 26 1999 10 26 1999 10 26 0 0 ppublish 10531134 PMC1116877

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1999 BMJ : British Medical Journal

94726. Maternal insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1, body mass index, and fetal growth (PubMed)

Maternal insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1, body mass index, and fetal growth To examine the hypothesis that the maternal insulin-like growth factor system may constrain fetal growth.A prospective observational study of maternal serum insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1 (IGFBP-1) and fetal growth was undertaken in neonates with birthweights below the 5th centile. They had been classified either as having fetal growth restriction (FGR) due to placental dysfunction (increased (...) umbilical artery Doppler pulsatility index (PI); n = 25) or as being small for gestational age (SGA; normal umbilical artery PI, growth velocity and amniotic fluid; n = 27). Eighty nine controls had normal birthweights (5th-95th centile), umbilical artery PI, growth velocity, and amniotic fluid. IGFBP-1 was measured by radioimmunoassay.Among the controls, there was no significant correlation between IGFBP-1 and birthweight after allowing for body mass index (BMI). Maternal BMI was high in FGR and after

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2000 Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition

94727. An autosomal genomic scan for loci linked to type II diabetes mellitus and body-mass index in Pima Indians. (PubMed)

An autosomal genomic scan for loci linked to type II diabetes mellitus and body-mass index in Pima Indians. Genetic factors influence the development of type II diabetes mellitus, but genetic loci for the most common forms of diabetes have not been identified. A genomic scan was conducted to identify loci linked to diabetes and body-mass index (BMI) in Pima Indians, a Native American population with a high prevalence of type II diabetes. Among 264 nuclear families containing 966 siblings, 516

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1998 American Journal of Human Genetics

94728. Body mass index, weight change, and incidence of self-reported physician-diagnosed arthritis among women. (PubMed)

Body mass index, weight change, and incidence of self-reported physician-diagnosed arthritis among women. This study examined the relationship between body mass index (BMI), weight change, and arthritis in women.Data were taken from the 1982-1984 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Epidemiologic Follow-Up Study of 3617 women, aged 25 to 74 years.Women with a BMI greater than 32 at initial interview were at significantly higher risk of developing arthritis than women with a BMI (...) of 19 to 21.9. Compared with stable-weight women with a BMI of less than 25, women who were obese at initial interview (BMI > 29) and who subsequently maintained their weight or gained more than 10% of their body weight were at significantly higher risk of developing arthritis.Attaining and maintaining a healthy weight may reduce the risk of developing arthritis.

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1999 American Journal of Public Health

94729. Body mass index standards for children : Are useful for clinicians but not yet for epidemiologists  (PubMed)

Body mass index standards for children : Are useful for clinicians but not yet for epidemiologists  9822390 1999 01 07 2018 11 13 0959-8138 317 7170 1998 Nov 21 BMJ (Clinical research ed.) BMJ Body mass index standards for children. Are useful for clinicians but not yet for epidemiologists. 1401-2 Prentice A M AM eng Editorial England BMJ 8900488 0959-8138 AIM IM Body Mass Index Child Child Development Humans Reference Standards 1998 11 20 1998 11 20 0 1 1998 11 20 0 0 ppublish 9822390

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1998 BMJ : British Medical Journal

94730. Prospective study of body mass index in patients with coeliac disease (PubMed)

Prospective study of body mass index in patients with coeliac disease 9804717 1998 12 14 2018 11 13 0959-8138 317 7168 1998 Nov 07 BMJ (Clinical research ed.) BMJ Prospective study of body mass index in patients with coeliac disease. 1290 Dickey W W Altnagelvin Hospital, Londonderry BT47 1SB, Northern Ireland. wildickey@aol.com Bodkin S S eng Journal Article England BMJ 8900488 0959-8138 AIM IM Adolescent Adult Body Mass Index Body Weight Celiac Disease complications pathology Female Humans

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1998 BMJ : British Medical Journal

94731. Birth weight, body mass index and asthma in young adults (PubMed)

Birth weight, body mass index and asthma in young adults Impaired fetal growth may be a risk factor for asthma although evidence in children is conflicting and there are few data in adults. Little is known about risk factors which may influence asthma in late childhood or early adult life. Whilst there are clues that fatness may be important, this has been little studied in young adults. The relations between birth weight and childhood and adult anthropometry and asthma, wheeze, hayfever (...) , and eczema were investigated in a nationally representative sample of young British adults.A total of 8960 individuals from the 1970 British Cohort Study (BCS70) were studied. They had recently responded to a questionnaire at 26 years of age in which they were asked whether they had suffered from asthma, wheeze, hayfever, and eczema in the previous 12 months. Adult body mass index (BMI) was calculated from reported height and weight.The prevalence of asthma at 26 years fell with increasing birth weight

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1999 Thorax

94732. Secular trends in the body mass index of Canadian children (PubMed)

Secular trends in the body mass index of Canadian children Various changes in society have created the opportunity for more sedentary behaviour and the consumption of food that is high in kilojoules, which may lead to a progressive increase in body mass over time. The purpose of this study was to examine secular changes in the body mass index (BMI) of Canadian children between 1981 and 1996.Nationally representative data from the 1981 Canada Fitness Survey, the 1988 Campbell's Survey

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2000 CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal

94733. Quantitative-Trait-Locus Analysis of Body-Mass Index and of Stature, by Combined Analysis of Genome Scans of Five Finnish Study Groups (PubMed)

Quantitative-Trait-Locus Analysis of Body-Mass Index and of Stature, by Combined Analysis of Genome Scans of Five Finnish Study Groups In recent years, many genomewide screens have been performed, to identify novel loci predisposing to various complex diseases. Often, only a portion of the collected clinical data from the study subjects is used in the actual analysis of the trait, and much of the phenotypic data is ignored. With proper consent, these data could subsequently be used in studies (...) of common quantitative traits influencing human biology, and such a reanalysis method would be further justified by the nonbiased ascertainment of study individuals. To make our point, we report here a quantitative-trait-locus (QTL) analysis of body-mass index (BMI) and stature (i.e., height), with genotypic data from genome scans of five Finnish study groups. The combined study group was composed of 614 individuals from 247 families. Five study groups were originally ascertained in genetic studies

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2001 American Journal of Human Genetics

94734. Quantitative-Trait Loci Influencing Body-Mass Index Reside on Chromosomes 7 and 13: The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Family Heart Study (PubMed)

Quantitative-Trait Loci Influencing Body-Mass Index Reside on Chromosomes 7 and 13: The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Family Heart Study Obesity is a risk factor for many chronic diseases, including glucose intolerance, lipid disorders, hypertension, and coronary heart disease. Even though the body-mass index (BMI) is a heterogeneous phenotype reflecting the amount of fat, lean mass, and body build, several studies have provided evidence of one or two major loci contributing

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2001 American Journal of Human Genetics

94735. Body mass index and asthma (PubMed)

Body mass index and asthma 12149544 2002 09 12 2008 11 20 0040-6376 57 8 2002 Aug Thorax Thorax Body mass index and asthma. 752 Eneli I I Karmaus W W eng Comment Letter England Thorax 0417353 0040-6376 IM Thorax. 2001 Nov;56(11):835-8 11641506 Asthma etiology Body Mass Index Breast Feeding Humans 2002 8 1 10 0 2002 9 13 10 1 2002 8 1 10 0 ppublish 12149544 PMC1746402

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2002 Thorax

94736. Relation of body mass index to asthma and atopy in children: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Study III (PubMed)

Relation of body mass index to asthma and atopy in children: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Study III An increase in the prevalence of obesity and asthma over recent decades has been reported in affluent societies. Both overweight and obesity have been shown to be inversely related to having been breastfed, which is also a potential protective factor against childhood atopic diseases. The aim of this analysis was to explore the relation of body mass index (BMI) to asthma

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2001 Thorax

94737. Can the increase in body mass index explain the rising trend in asthma in children? (PubMed)

Can the increase in body mass index explain the rising trend in asthma in children? The reported association between asthma and obesity and the documented rise in each over time have led to suggestions that rising obesity might explain the increase in the prevalence of asthma. Trends in both in British children participating in the National Study of Health and Growth were marked from 1982 to 1994.Odd ratios for trends in asthma and symptoms in 8 and 9 year old children were calculated (...) with and without adjustment for body mass index (BMI).In a representative sample of white children the odds ratio per year for asthma was 1.09 (95% CI 1.07 to 1.11) before and after adjustment for BMI for boys and 1.09 (95% CI 1.07 to 1.12) and 1.09 (95% CI 1.05 to 1.12), respectively, for girls. Unadjusted and adjusted odds ratios were also virtually identical for wheeze and "asthma or bronchitis". The lack of effect of adjustment was due to a change in the association between BMI and symptoms

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2001 Thorax

94738. Body Mass Index and Disability in Adulthood: A 20-Year Panel Study (PubMed)

Body Mass Index and Disability in Adulthood: A 20-Year Panel Study This study examined whether body mass index (BMI) or change in BMI raises the risk of disability in adulthood.The relation between BMI and upper- and lower-body disability was examined among adult subjects from a national longitudinal survey (n = 6833). Tobit regression models were used to examine the effect of BMI on disability 10 and 20 years later.Obesity (BMI > or = 30) at baseline or becoming obese during the study (...) was associated with higher levels of upper- and, especially, lower-body disability. In persons who began the study with a BMI of 30 or more and became normal weight, disability was not reduced. Underweight persons (BMI < 18.5) also manifested higher disability in most instances.Disability risk was higher for obese persons, but overweight was not consistently associated with higher disability.

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2002 American Journal of Public Health

94739. A Combined Analysis of Genomewide Linkage Scans for Body Mass Index, from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Family Blood Pressure Program (PubMed)

A Combined Analysis of Genomewide Linkage Scans for Body Mass Index, from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Family Blood Pressure Program A combined analysis of genome scans for obesity was undertaken using the interim results from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Family Blood Pressure Program. In this research project, four multicenter networks of investigators conducted eight individual studies. Data were available on 6,849 individuals from four ethnic groups (white (...) , black, Mexican American, and Asian). The sample represents the largest single collection of genomewide scan data that has been analyzed for obesity and provides a test of the reproducibility of linkage analysis for a complex phenotype. Body mass index (BMI) was used as the measure of adiposity. Genomewide linkage analyses were first performed separately in each of the eight ethnic groups in the four networks, through use of the variance-component method. Only one region in the analyses

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2002 American Journal of Human Genetics

94740. Association of body mass index with the development of methacholine airway hyperresponsiveness in men: the Normative Aging Study (PubMed)

Association of body mass index with the development of methacholine airway hyperresponsiveness in men: the Normative Aging Study The rising prevalence of asthma in developed nations may be associated with the rising prevalence of obesity in these same nations. The relationship between body mass index (BMI) and the development of an objective marker for asthma, methacholine airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR), was investigated in adult men.Sixty one men who had no AHR at initial methacholine

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2002 Thorax

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