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Body Mass Index

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61. Influence of lifestyle factors on Body Mass Index in preschoolers in Behbahan city, southwest Iran, 2016 (PubMed)

Influence of lifestyle factors on Body Mass Index in preschoolers in Behbahan city, southwest Iran, 2016 The body mass index (BMI) of Iranian preschoolers is noticeably increasing. Thus, studying the factors influencing BMI in preschool children is crucial. The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of lifestyle factors on BMI of preschool children, residing in Behbahan city, southwest Iran, in 2016.A total of 120 preschool children, aged 4 to 6 years, participated in this cross (...) activity and screen time affected the BMI (p<0.05), and the duration of physical activity had inverse relationship with obesity, and screen time was directly related to obesity.Understanding the factors affecting the BMI of preschool children can inform the development of interventions to impact children's weight-related behavior and it can be used as the basis for future healthy body weight policies. Efforts to lower the obesity rate of preschoolers should be focused on the lifestyle behaviors

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2018 Electronic physician

62. Influence of body mass index on the therapeutic efficacy of gemcitabine plus cisplatin and overall survival in lung squamous cell carcinoma (PubMed)

Influence of body mass index on the therapeutic efficacy of gemcitabine plus cisplatin and overall survival in lung squamous cell carcinoma Gemcitabine plus cisplatin (GP) is commonly used to treat lung squamous cell carcinoma (SCC); however, it is not clear which subgroup of lung SCC patients could benefit most from GP treatment. We explored the predictive factors in lung SCC patient cohorts.Seventy-eight lung SCC patients treated with a first-line GP regimen were enrolled (...) in this retrospective cohort study. Progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Classification tree models were used to explore the risk factors for PFS and OS in these patients.The median PFS and OS in SCC patients treated with a GP regimen were 6.0 and 13.6 months, respectively. Three terminal subgroups were formed for both PFS and OS. The subgroup with a body mass index (BMI) > 23.94 kg/m2 and aged ≤ 54.5 had the longest PFS (9.0 months); the subgroup

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2018 Thoracic cancer

63. Body mass index trajectories preceding first report of poor self-rated health: A longitudinal case-control analysis of the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing. (PubMed)

Body mass index trajectories preceding first report of poor self-rated health: A longitudinal case-control analysis of the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing. Studies have consistently found that obesity is associated with poor self-rated health, but how body mass index (BMI) developed in the lead up to poor self-rated health is unknown.We nested a longitudinal case-control study in the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (1998-2015) to investigate BMI trajectories in the years preceding

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2019 PLoS ONE

64. Relationship of body mass index to sleep duration, and current smoking among medical students in Tabuk City, Saudi Arabia (PubMed)

Relationship of body mass index to sleep duration, and current smoking among medical students in Tabuk City, Saudi Arabia Being overweight is associated with cardiometabolic risk, and lifestyles including smoking and good sleep hygiene are also implicated. We aimed to assess the dietary habit, time spent on social media, and sleep duration relationship to body mass index (BMI) among medical students in Tabuk, Saudi Arabia.A cross-sectional study was conducted among 147 clinical phase medical (...) was considered statistically significant.Participants consisted of 51% males, mean age (Mean ± SD) was 22.90±1.27 years, sleep duration was 7.50±2.17 hours, time spent on social media was 5.54±3.49 hours, body mass index was 24.8±5.19, and breakfast skipping, fast food consumption, smoking, and regular exercise were reported in 52.4%, 87.7%, 12.9%, and 36.1% respectively. A significant negative correlation was evident between BMI and sleep duration (r= -0.185, p=0.025), cigarette smokers were more likely

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2018 Electronic physician

65. The power of social networks and social support in promotion of physical activity and body mass index among African American adults (PubMed)

The power of social networks and social support in promotion of physical activity and body mass index among African American adults Social support and social networks can elucidate important structural and functional aspects of social relationships that are associated with health-promoting behaviors, including Physical Activity (PA) and weight. A growing number of studies have investigated the relationship between social support, social networks, PA and obesity specifically among African (...) Americans; however, the evidence is mixed and many studies focus exclusively on African American women. Most studies have also focused on either functional or structural aspects of social relationships (but not both) and few have objectively measured moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and body mass index (BMI). Cross-sectional surveys of adult African American men and women living in two low-income predominantly African American neighborhoods in Pittsburgh, PA (N = 799) measured numerous

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2018 SSM - population health

66. How does grazing relate to body mass index, self-compassion, mindfulness and mindful eating in a student population? (PubMed)

How does grazing relate to body mass index, self-compassion, mindfulness and mindful eating in a student population? Contemporary research investigating obesity has focused on grazing (i.e. an uncontrolled and repetitive consumption of small amounts of food). Meanwhile, constructs such as mindfulness, mindful eating and self-compassion have received much attention in assisting individuals with eating behaviours and weight regulation. The association between those constructs and grazing, however

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2018 Health psychology open

67. Socioeconomic inequalities in childhood and adolescent body-mass index, weight, and height from 1953 to 2015: an analysis of four longitudinal, observational, British birth cohort studies (PubMed)

Socioeconomic inequalities in childhood and adolescent body-mass index, weight, and height from 1953 to 2015: an analysis of four longitudinal, observational, British birth cohort studies Socioeconomic inequalities in childhood body-mass index (BMI) have been documented in high-income countries; however, uncertainty exists with regard to how they have changed over time, how inequalities in the composite parts (ie, weight and height) of BMI have changed, and whether inequalities differ

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2018 The Lancet. Public health

68. Using EMRALD to assess baseline body mass index among children living within and outside communities participating in the Ontario, Canada Healthy Kids Community Challenge. (PubMed)

Using EMRALD to assess baseline body mass index among children living within and outside communities participating in the Ontario, Canada Healthy Kids Community Challenge. The Healthy Kids Community Challenge is a large-scale, centrally-coordinated, community-based intervention in Ontario, Canada that promotes healthy behaviours towards improving healthy weights among children. With the goal of exploring tools available to evaluators, we leveraged electronic medical records from primary care (...) physician. Children were 1-12 years of age at a primary care visit with recorded measured height and weight, between January 1, 2014 and December 31, 2015.Overweight and obesity as determined by age- and sex-standardized body mass index using World Health Organization's Growth Standards.In Healthy Kids Community Challenge communities, 25.6% (95% CI 24.6-26.6%) of children had zBMI above normal (i.e. >1) compared to 26.7% (95% CI 25.9-27.5%) for children living outside of Healthy Kids Community Challenge

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2019 PLoS ONE

69. Body mass index trajectories from adolescent to young adult for incident high blood pressure and high plasma glucose. (PubMed)

Body mass index trajectories from adolescent to young adult for incident high blood pressure and high plasma glucose. To explore the association between sex-specific adiposity trajectories among Adolescents to early adulthood with incident high blood pressure (HBP) and high plasma glucose (HPG).We studied body mass index (BMI) trajectories among1159 (male = 517) and 664 (male = 263) Iranian adolescents, aged 12-20 years, for incident HPG and HBP, respectively. Latent Class Growth Mixture

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2019 PLoS ONE

70. Michigan cohorts to determine associations of maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index with pregnancy and infant gastrointestinal microbial communities: Late pregnancy and early infancy. (PubMed)

Michigan cohorts to determine associations of maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index with pregnancy and infant gastrointestinal microbial communities: Late pregnancy and early infancy. About 25% of women in the United States are obese prior to becoming pregnant. Although there is some knowledge about the relationship between the gastrointestinal microbiota and obesity, little is known about the relationship between pre-pregnancy obesity and the gastrointestinal microbiota in pregnancy or its (...) (Sorensen index) by maternal pre-pregnancy BMI category, and significantly differed by delivery mode and breastfeeding exclusivity (p = 0.06, p = 0.001, p = 0.008, respectively). Infants from normal weight women had lower abundances of Megasphaera than infants from overweight or obese women. Streptococcus was lowest in infants from overweight women, and Staphylococcus was lowest in infants from obese women.Maternal and infant microbiotas are associated with and might be affected by maternal pre

2019 PLoS ONE

71. Association between body mass index and 1-year outcome after acute myocardial infarction. (PubMed)

Association between body mass index and 1-year outcome after acute myocardial infarction. Beneficial effects of overweight and obesity on mortality after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) have been described as "Body Mass Index (BMI) paradox". However, the effects of BMI is still on debate. We analyzed the association between BMI and 1-year clinical outcomes after AMI.Among 13,104 AMI patients registered in Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry-National Institute of Health (KAMIR-NIH

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2019 PLoS ONE

72. Exploring the role of body mass index in relationship of serum nitric oxide and advanced glycation end products in apparently healthy subjects. (PubMed)

Exploring the role of body mass index in relationship of serum nitric oxide and advanced glycation end products in apparently healthy subjects. This study aimed to identify any association of serum nitric oxide (NO) and advanced glycation end products (AGEs) with body mass index (BMI) in apparently healthy subjects. In this cross-sectional study, participants were 90 apparently healthy subjects, categorized into three BMI groups as follows: BMI≤19.5 (n = 21), 19.6≤BMI≤24.9 (n = 35), and BMI≥25

2019 PLoS ONE

73. A body mass index over 22 kg/m2 at college age is a risk factor for future diabetes in Japanese men. (PubMed)

A body mass index over 22 kg/m2 at college age is a risk factor for future diabetes in Japanese men. There is a high incidence of type 2 diabetes in Asian adults, even those with a normal body mass index (BMI) (<25.0 kg/m2). For example, it has been shown that a slightly increased BMI (>23 kg/m2) at middle age is a risk factor for type 2 diabetes in Asians. In this historical cohort study, we investigated whether a slightly increased BMI at college age was also a risk factor for future diabetes

2019 PLoS ONE

74. Paradoxical relationship between body mass index and bone mineral density in patients with non-small cell lung cancer with brain metastasis. (PubMed)

Paradoxical relationship between body mass index and bone mineral density in patients with non-small cell lung cancer with brain metastasis. Low body mass index (BMI) at presentation has been reported to be associated with higher incidence and mortality of lung cancer, but studies on the relationship between brain metastasis and BMI at presentation are lacking. This study aimed to evaluate the association between brain metastasis and BMI and bone mineral density (BMD) in NSCLC.We

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2019 PLoS ONE

75. Effects of lifestyle-related factors on ischemic heart disease according to body mass index and fasting blood glucose levels in Korean adults. (PubMed)

Effects of lifestyle-related factors on ischemic heart disease according to body mass index and fasting blood glucose levels in Korean adults. To investigate the effects of lifestyle-related factors on ischemic heart disease (IHD) according to body mass index (BMI) and fasting blood glucose (FBG) levels among Korean adults.A total of 119,929 men and 89,669 women (from National Sample Cohort version 2.0, National Health Insurance Service) aged ≥20 years who were examined during 2003-2006 and had

2019 PLoS ONE

76. Performance of alternative measures to body mass index in the assessment of moderate and severe under-nutrition among acutely unwell patients hospitalized in a TB ward in the Philippines: A cross-sectional study. (PubMed)

Performance of alternative measures to body mass index in the assessment of moderate and severe under-nutrition among acutely unwell patients hospitalized in a TB ward in the Philippines: A cross-sectional study. Body mass index (BMI) kg/m2 is a key screening tool for under-nutrition in adults, but difficult to obtain in immobile or unwell patients, particuarly in low resource settings, due to inability to accurately measure both weight and height. Mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) is used (...) to assess under-nutrition in children under 5 years but no standardised cut-off values exist for adults. In a cohort of adult Filipino patients admitted to a tuberculosis ward we assessed (i) cut-offs for MUAC to predict moderate under-nutrition (BMI <17kg/m2), (ii) the performance of limb lengths to predict height and; (iii) associations of body fat percentage from skinfolds and hand grip-strength with BMI. In 303 patients with MUAC and BMI at admission, aged 18-80 years (mean = 45.5, SD:14.8), BMI

2019 PLoS ONE

77. Reliability analyses and values of isometric shoulder flexion and trunk extension strengths stratified by body mass index. (PubMed)

Reliability analyses and values of isometric shoulder flexion and trunk extension strengths stratified by body mass index. The main goal of this study was to investigate the reliability of muscle strength across different levels of obesity. A sample of 142 healthy subjects performed maximum voluntary isometric contractions for shoulder flexion and trunk extension on each of four days. Subjects were recruited into one of three groups, non-obese, overweight, or obese, based on body mass index

2019 PLoS ONE

78. Beneficial Effects of ragi (Finger Millet) on Hematological Parameters, Body Mass Index, and Scholastic Performance among Anemic Adolescent High-School Girls (AHSG). (PubMed)

Beneficial Effects of ragi (Finger Millet) on Hematological Parameters, Body Mass Index, and Scholastic Performance among Anemic Adolescent High-School Girls (AHSG). Adolescence is a period characterized by rapid physical, emotional, and mental growth and changes potentially resulting in health challenges. Anemia, which is a fairly common complication in this age group, is reported to negatively affect the cognitive ability of adolescents. Traditionally, ragi (Finger millet: Eleusine coracana (...) ), a cereal available in India, has been recommended as nutritional supplement to combat anemia because of its high protein and mineral content as well as anti-microbial property. This study sought to establish the effect of ragi in improving hematological parameters, body mass index, and scholastic performance among adolescent school girls. Sixty adolescent girls were randomly selected and divided into intervention (n = 30) and control groups (n = 30). The effect of dietary supplementation of ragi

2018 Comprehensive child and adolescent nursing Controlled trial quality: uncertain

79. Body mass index and the risk of mortality among Chinese adults with Type 2 diabetes

Body mass index and the risk of mortality among Chinese adults with Type 2 diabetes To examine the associations between BMI and the risks of all-cause, cardiovascular disease (CVD)-specific and cancer-specific mortality among people with Type 2 diabetes, and thus provide recommendations for weight management in the population.This retrospective cohort study was conducted among 52 763 people with newly diagnosed Type 2 diabetes between 1 January 2004 and 31 December 2014 in Shanghai, China. All

2018 EvidenceUpdates

80. The co-formulation of insulin degludec and insulin aspart lowers fasting plasma glucose and rates of confirmed and nocturnal hypoglycaemia, independent of baseline glycated haemoglobin levels, disease duration or body mass index: A pooled meta-analysis of

The co-formulation of insulin degludec and insulin aspart lowers fasting plasma glucose and rates of confirmed and nocturnal hypoglycaemia, independent of baseline glycated haemoglobin levels, disease duration or body mass index: A pooled meta-analysis of To investigate whether the proven benefits of insulin degludec (IDeg) combined with insulin aspart (IAsp), known as IDegAsp, given twice daily, extend across a wide spectrum of patients with diabetes.This was a post hoc pooled analysis of 5 (...) phase III randomized, 26-week, open-label, treat-to-target trials comparing IDegAsp twice daily (n = 1111) with one of two comparators: premixed insulin (biphasic insulin aspart 30 [BIAsp 30]) twice daily (n = 561) or IDeg once daily + IAsp (n = 136). Patient data were stratified according to baseline glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) or fasting plasma glucose (FPG) categories, as well as by baseline duration of diabetes or body mass index (BMI) categories.We conducted a meta-analysis of 5 clinical

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2018 EvidenceUpdates

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