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Body Mass Index

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61. A body mass index over 22 kg/m2 at college age is a risk factor for future diabetes in Japanese men. Full Text available with Trip Pro

A body mass index over 22 kg/m2 at college age is a risk factor for future diabetes in Japanese men. There is a high incidence of type 2 diabetes in Asian adults, even those with a normal body mass index (BMI) (<25.0 kg/m2). For example, it has been shown that a slightly increased BMI (>23 kg/m2) at middle age is a risk factor for type 2 diabetes in Asians. In this historical cohort study, we investigated whether a slightly increased BMI at college age was also a risk factor for future diabetes

2019 PLoS ONE

62. Preoperative Screening for Obstructive Sleep Apnea Using Alternative Scoring Models of the Sleep Tiredness Observed Pressure-Body Mass Index Age Neck Circumference Gender Questionnaire: An External Validation. (Abstract)

Preoperative Screening for Obstructive Sleep Apnea Using Alternative Scoring Models of the Sleep Tiredness Observed Pressure-Body Mass Index Age Neck Circumference Gender Questionnaire: An External Validation. The Sleep Tiredness Observed Pressure-Body mass index Age Neck circumference Gender (STOP-Bang) questionnaire is a validated preoperative screening tool for identifying patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Although it has a high sensitivity at scores ≥3, its specificity (...) is moderate, particularly for scores of 3-4. This study aimed to externally validate the STOP-Bang questionnaire and the alternative scoring models that have been proposed to improve its predictive performance.This prospective cohort study included 115 surgical patients with preoperative STOP-Bang scores of 3-8. Type 3 sleep recordings identified moderate-to-severe OSA, reflected by an apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) of >15. Patients were categorized into 2 subgroups: patients with an intermediate (STOP-Bang 3

2020 Anesthesia and Analgesia

63. Relationship between body mass index and arterial stiffness in a health assessment Chinese population. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Relationship between body mass index and arterial stiffness in a health assessment Chinese population. Pulse wave velocity (PWV) is a reliable measurement of arterial stiffness. Our study assesses the association between body mass index (BMI) and brachial-ankle PWV (baPWV) in a healthy cohort and seeks to explain possible mechanisms associated with the obesity paradox.A cross-sectional study was conducted in 578 normal individuals. The mean age was 48.3 ± 14.6 years, and 468 (81.0%) were men (...) . 288 subjects (49.8%) were overweight and obese. baPWV and ankle-brachial index (ABI) were performed to evaluate arterial stiffness and atherosclerosis respectively. Normal weight was defined as 18.5 < BMI <25 kg/m, overweight as 25 ≤ BMI < 28 kg/m and obesity as BMI ≥28 kg/m.The overweight/obese subjects had significantly higher baPWV than the normal-weight group (1490.0 ± 308.0/1445.2 ± 245.2 cm/s vs 1371.2 ± 306.4 cm/s, P < .001). For the whole cohort, baPWV showed a significant positive

2020 Medicine

64. Body mass index and serum uric acid level: Individual and combined effects on blood pressure in middle-aged and older individuals in China. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Body mass index and serum uric acid level: Individual and combined effects on blood pressure in middle-aged and older individuals in China. Few studies on the individual and combined analysis between serum uric acid (SUA) and body mass index (BMI) and blood pressure (BP) were conducted in individuals aged ≥45 years. We aimed to assess the extent to which BMI and SUA and their interaction affect BP in Chinese middle-aged and older adults.Data were selected from the China Health and Retirement

2020 Medicine

65. Young adulthood body mass index, adult weight gain and breast cancer risk: the PROCAS Study (United Kingdom). Full Text available with Trip Pro

Young adulthood body mass index, adult weight gain and breast cancer risk: the PROCAS Study (United Kingdom). We tested the hypothesis that body mass index (BMI) aged 20 years modifies the association of adult weight gain and breast cancer risk.We recruited women (aged 47-73 years) into the PROCAS (Predicting Risk Of Cancer At Screening; Manchester, UK: 2009-2013) Study. In 47,042 women, we determined BMI at baseline and (by recall) at age 20 years, and derived weight changes. We estimated

2020 British Journal of Cancer

66. Is it worth it? Determining the health benefits of sleeve gastrectomy in patients with a body mass index &lt;35 kg/m<sup>2</sup>. (Abstract)

Is it worth it? Determining the health benefits of sleeve gastrectomy in patients with a body mass index <35 kg/m2. Criteria for undergoing sleeve gastrectomy (SG) is restricted among patients with a body mass index (BMI) <35 kg/m2.To determine if low-BMI patients experience similar health benefits after SG compared with patients with a BMI ≥35 kg/m2.Teaching and nonteaching hospitals in Michigan.Patients with a BMI <35 kg/m2 at the time of primary SG were identified between 2006 (...) of medications for hypertension (59.7% versus 54.1%, P = .0570), hyperlipidemia (54.3% versus 52.2%, P = .5537), and diabetes (oral, 79.2% versus 78.1%, P = .7294; insulin, 64.2% versus 62.2%, P = .7438). However, low-BMI patients were more likely to achieve a healthy BMI (i.e., BMI ≤25 kg/m2; 36.3% versus 6.01%, P < .0001), and had higher body image scores (50.6 versus 42.4, P < .0001).Despite being older and with higher rates of metabolic disease, low-BMI patients reported high-resolution rates

2020 Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases

67. Medium-term outcomes of converting laparoscopic adjustable gastric band to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in patients with body mass index &lt;35 kg/m<sup>2</sup>: a uniquely Australian perspective. (Abstract)

Medium-term outcomes of converting laparoscopic adjustable gastric band to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in patients with body mass index <35 kg/m2: a uniquely Australian perspective. The rates of primary laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) have declined in the last 5 years due to band removal secondary to complications and the subsequent weight regain that requires revisional procedures.This study aimed to present medium-term weight loss results and the safety profile (...) of converting LAGB to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in patients with body mass index (BMI) <35.0 kg/m2 who presented with LAGB intolerance or complications. Many health services do not permit such procedures on low BMI patients.Single-surgeon series, including public and private practice, Brisbane, Australia.A prospectively maintained database was reviewed and retrospectively analyzed for LAGB patients with a BMI <35.0 kg/m2 who underwent conversion to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass by a single surgeon. Indications

2020 Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases

68. Long-term outcomes comparing metabolic surgery to no surgery in patients with type 2 diabetes and body mass index 30-35. (Abstract)

Long-term outcomes comparing metabolic surgery to no surgery in patients with type 2 diabetes and body mass index 30-35. We previously conducted a randomized study comparing metabolic surgery with medical weight management in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and body mass index (BMI) 30 to 35 kg/m2. At 3-year follow-up, surgery was very effective in T2D remission; furthermore, in the surgical group, those with a higher baseline soluble receptor for advanced glycation end products had a lower

2020 Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases

69. Misclassification of Self-Reported Body Mass Index Categories. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Misclassification of Self-Reported Body Mass Index Categories. Overweight and obesity are an increasingly serious public health problem in Western societies, including Germany. The tendency of overweight and obese people not to classify themselves as such limits the efficacy of information on the health risks of these conditions and lessens the motivation to change behavior accordingly. In this article, we summarize the available study data on the selfperception of weight class. We present (...) and discuss the differences between selfreported body-mass index (BMI) category and the actual category of the BMI when it is calculated from the individual's measured height and weight.We systematically searched the Medline, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases in August 2017 for pertinent publications. The study protocol was published in the PROSPERO register (CRD42017064230). Meta-analyses were calculable for a number of subgroup analyses.A total of 50 studies from 25 countries were identified

2020 Deutsches Arzteblatt international

70. The relationship between body mass index and renal length in obese children. (Abstract)

The relationship between body mass index and renal length in obese children. Obesity in the pediatric population is a severe public health problem and is associated with various comorbidities. Renal length is an important clinical parameter for the diagnosis and follow-up of renal diseases. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between renal length (measured ultrasonographically) and body mass index (BMI) in obese children, and to develop nomograms for renal length according

2020 Pediatric Nephrology

71. Correlation between body mass index, neck circumference, and waist-hip ratio as indicators of obesity among a cohort of adolescent in Bahrain: A preliminary cross-sectional study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Correlation between body mass index, neck circumference, and waist-hip ratio as indicators of obesity among a cohort of adolescent in Bahrain: A preliminary cross-sectional study. Neck circumference (NC) is an attractive method for determining overweight and obesity in school age children because it is inexpensive and culturally acceptable. However, this technique has not been assessed for its accuracy in school children from countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council, which have high prevalence (...) of overweight and obesity.The aim of this preliminary study was to investigate the correlation between the body mass index (BMI), NC, and waist-hip ratio and demographic characteristics among 10- to 18-year-old adolescent school children in Bahrain.BMI was calculated using Center of Disease Control and Prevention Children's BMI Tool for Schools. Data was collected for a total of n = 397 adolescents from 4 different private schools with an average age of 12.91 years; 57.7% were male and 42.3% female.In

2020 Medicine

72. Japanese parturient body mass index and the role in initial nerve block height of women undergoing cesarean delivery with spinal anesthesia. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Japanese parturient body mass index and the role in initial nerve block height of women undergoing cesarean delivery with spinal anesthesia. The present retrospective cohort study was designed to determine body mass index (BMI) at the delivery in women undergoing cesarean section in a Japanese urban area, and whether the nerve block height after spinal anesthesia upon the cesarean delivery relates to the lower maternal BMI, less gestational age, or underweight fetus at birth in the population.A

2020 Medicine

73. Correlation between Body Mass Index and Periprosthetic Joint Infection following Total Joint Arthroplasty: A protocol for systematic review and meta analysis. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Correlation between Body Mass Index and Periprosthetic Joint Infection following Total Joint Arthroplasty: A protocol for systematic review and meta analysis. Despite rapid reports on the correlation between body mass index (BMI) and periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) after total joint arthroplasty, some have conducted regression tests or meta-analyses with controversial results. In this study, we systematically meta-analyzed relevant trials and carefully evaluated the correlation

2020 Medicine

74. Comparison of early outcomes between Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and sleeve gastrectomy among patients with body mass index ≥ 60 kg/m<sup>2</sup>. (Abstract)

Comparison of early outcomes between Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and sleeve gastrectomy among patients with body mass index ≥ 60 kg/m2. There is no consensus on the ideal bariatric operation to choose for patients with extremely high body mass index (BMI). The aim of this study was to compare the perioperative complications, weight loss, and comorbidity remission between laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) and laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) among patients with BMI ≥ 60

2020 Surgical endoscopy

75. Role of DNA methylation in the association of lung function with body mass index: a two-step epigenetic Mendelian randomisation study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Role of DNA methylation in the association of lung function with body mass index: a two-step epigenetic Mendelian randomisation study. Low lung function has been associated with increased body mass index (BMI). The aim of this study was to investigate whether the effect of BMI on lung function is mediated by DNA methylation.We used individual data from 285,495 participants in four population-based cohorts: the European Community Respiratory Health Survey, the Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1966

2020 BMC pulmonary medicine

76. Patients with higher body mass index treated with direct / novel oral anticoagulants (DOAC / NOAC) for atrial fibrillation experience worse clinical outcomes. (Abstract)

Patients with higher body mass index treated with direct / novel oral anticoagulants (DOAC / NOAC) for atrial fibrillation experience worse clinical outcomes. Due to fixed dosing of direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs), uncertainty exists about their efficacy in a population of obese/overweight patients.We retrospectively investigated a real-life cohort of 325 DOAC anticoagulated patients with atrial fibrillation [179 receiving dabigatran (55%), 74 apixaban (23%) and 72 rivaroxaban (22 (...) %)]. Patients were stratified according to the body mass index (BMI) into non-obese (233 with BMI <30 kg/m2), class I obesity (71 with BMI 30-34.9 kg/m2) and class II + obesity (21 with BMI ≥35 kg/m2).Patients with higher BMI receiving DOACs were more likely to experience stroke/systemic embolism sooner (P = 0.043), experience major bleeding sooner (P < 0.001) and have shorter time to composite event consisting of thrombosis, bleeding or death (P < 0.001) whereas there was no significant association

2020 International journal of cardiology

77. Comparison of Dabigatran Plus a P2Y<sub>12</sub> Inhibitor with Warfarin-Based Triple Therapy across Body Mass Index in RE-DUAL PCI. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Comparison of Dabigatran Plus a P2Y12 Inhibitor with Warfarin-Based Triple Therapy across Body Mass Index in RE-DUAL PCI. Body mass index (BMI) affects drug levels of nonvitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants. We sought to assess whether BMI affected outcomes in the RE-DUAL PCI trial.RE-DUAL PCI (NCT02164864) evaluated the safety and efficacy of a dual antithrombotic therapy regimen using dabigatran (110 or 150 mg twice daily [BID] and a P2Y12 platelet antagonist), in comparison

2020 American Journal of Medicine

78. Relationship between hypoglycaemia, body mass index and quality of life among patients with type 1 diabetes: Observations from the DEPICT clinical trial programme. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Relationship between hypoglycaemia, body mass index and quality of life among patients with type 1 diabetes: Observations from the DEPICT clinical trial programme. To demonstrate the relationships between hypoglycaemia, body mass index (BMI) and quality of life, and to examine the impact of dapagliflozin on patient-reported treatment satisfaction in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), using data from the DEPICT (Dapagliflozin Evaluation in Patients With Inadequately Controlled Type 1

2020 obesity & metabolism

79. Entheseal Changes in Response to Age, Body Mass Index, and Physical Activity: An Ultrasound Study in Healthy People. (Abstract)

Entheseal Changes in Response to Age, Body Mass Index, and Physical Activity: An Ultrasound Study in Healthy People. We aimed to investigate the prevalence of ultrasonographic (US) lesions in healthy entheses and contributing factors.US scans were performed on 960 entheses of 80 healthy subjects. Factors contributing to entheseal changes were investigated with regression analysis.Thickening (20.4% of the entheses) and enthesophytes (23.1%) were the most common inflammatory and structural damage (...) lesions, respectively. Age (p < 0.001), male sex (p = 0.003), body mass index (BMI; p = 0.001), and high physical activity (p = 0.007) were independent predictors of enthesitis scores on US.The effects of age, sex, BMI, and physical activity on the entheses need to be considered when differentiating disease from health.

2020 Journal of Rheumatology

80. Body mass index and in-hospital outcomes in patient's ≥80 years with ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction. Results from low income country without coronary intervention. (Abstract)

Body mass index and in-hospital outcomes in patient's ≥80 years with ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction. Results from low income country without coronary intervention. In most scenarios from low/middle income countries, pharmacological approach for ST elevation Myocardial Infarction is still use. In these setting and increase proportion of elderly patients is awaited. So it is also expected to have older patients with suboptimal treatment and risk stratification.To investigate the impact (...) of the body mass index (BMI) on in-hospital outcomes in a cohort of elderly (≥80 years) patients, from a center without coronary intervention.Patient's ≥80 years of age admitted to our institution between June 2014 and May 2019 with STEMI, were divided according BMI tertiles (BMI tertile 1: ≪22.36 kg/m2, BMI tertile2: 22.36-25.71 kg/m2, and BMI tertile 3: ≫25.71 kg/m2). The primary endpoint was all-cause in-hospital mortality RESULTS: Out of 118 patients, 41 (34.74%) were women. Median age was 84.4 ± 3.5

2020 International journal of cardiology

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