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Body Mass Index

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61. Using EMRALD to assess baseline body mass index among children living within and outside communities participating in the Ontario, Canada Healthy Kids Community Challenge. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Using EMRALD to assess baseline body mass index among children living within and outside communities participating in the Ontario, Canada Healthy Kids Community Challenge. The Healthy Kids Community Challenge is a large-scale, centrally-coordinated, community-based intervention in Ontario, Canada that promotes healthy behaviours towards improving healthy weights among children. With the goal of exploring tools available to evaluators, we leveraged electronic medical records from primary care (...) physician. Children were 1-12 years of age at a primary care visit with recorded measured height and weight, between January 1, 2014 and December 31, 2015.Overweight and obesity as determined by age- and sex-standardized body mass index using World Health Organization's Growth Standards.In Healthy Kids Community Challenge communities, 25.6% (95% CI 24.6-26.6%) of children had zBMI above normal (i.e. >1) compared to 26.7% (95% CI 25.9-27.5%) for children living outside of Healthy Kids Community Challenge

2019 PLoS ONE

62. Body mass index trajectories from adolescent to young adult for incident high blood pressure and high plasma glucose. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Body mass index trajectories from adolescent to young adult for incident high blood pressure and high plasma glucose. To explore the association between sex-specific adiposity trajectories among Adolescents to early adulthood with incident high blood pressure (HBP) and high plasma glucose (HPG).We studied body mass index (BMI) trajectories among1159 (male = 517) and 664 (male = 263) Iranian adolescents, aged 12-20 years, for incident HPG and HBP, respectively. Latent Class Growth Mixture

2019 PLoS ONE

63. Reliability analyses and values of isometric shoulder flexion and trunk extension strengths stratified by body mass index. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Reliability analyses and values of isometric shoulder flexion and trunk extension strengths stratified by body mass index. The main goal of this study was to investigate the reliability of muscle strength across different levels of obesity. A sample of 142 healthy subjects performed maximum voluntary isometric contractions for shoulder flexion and trunk extension on each of four days. Subjects were recruited into one of three groups, non-obese, overweight, or obese, based on body mass index

2019 PLoS ONE

64. Effects of lifestyle-related factors on ischemic heart disease according to body mass index and fasting blood glucose levels in Korean adults. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effects of lifestyle-related factors on ischemic heart disease according to body mass index and fasting blood glucose levels in Korean adults. To investigate the effects of lifestyle-related factors on ischemic heart disease (IHD) according to body mass index (BMI) and fasting blood glucose (FBG) levels among Korean adults.A total of 119,929 men and 89,669 women (from National Sample Cohort version 2.0, National Health Insurance Service) aged ≥20 years who were examined during 2003-2006 and had

2019 PLoS ONE

65. Paradoxical relationship between body mass index and bone mineral density in patients with non-small cell lung cancer with brain metastasis. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Paradoxical relationship between body mass index and bone mineral density in patients with non-small cell lung cancer with brain metastasis. Low body mass index (BMI) at presentation has been reported to be associated with higher incidence and mortality of lung cancer, but studies on the relationship between brain metastasis and BMI at presentation are lacking. This study aimed to evaluate the association between brain metastasis and BMI and bone mineral density (BMD) in NSCLC.We

2019 PLoS ONE

66. Association between body mass index and 1-year outcome after acute myocardial infarction. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Association between body mass index and 1-year outcome after acute myocardial infarction. Beneficial effects of overweight and obesity on mortality after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) have been described as "Body Mass Index (BMI) paradox". However, the effects of BMI is still on debate. We analyzed the association between BMI and 1-year clinical outcomes after AMI.Among 13,104 AMI patients registered in Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry-National Institute of Health (KAMIR-NIH

2019 PLoS ONE

67. Performance of alternative measures to body mass index in the assessment of moderate and severe under-nutrition among acutely unwell patients hospitalized in a TB ward in the Philippines: A cross-sectional study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Performance of alternative measures to body mass index in the assessment of moderate and severe under-nutrition among acutely unwell patients hospitalized in a TB ward in the Philippines: A cross-sectional study. Body mass index (BMI) kg/m2 is a key screening tool for under-nutrition in adults, but difficult to obtain in immobile or unwell patients, particuarly in low resource settings, due to inability to accurately measure both weight and height. Mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) is used (...) to assess under-nutrition in children under 5 years but no standardised cut-off values exist for adults. In a cohort of adult Filipino patients admitted to a tuberculosis ward we assessed (i) cut-offs for MUAC to predict moderate under-nutrition (BMI <17kg/m2), (ii) the performance of limb lengths to predict height and; (iii) associations of body fat percentage from skinfolds and hand grip-strength with BMI. In 303 patients with MUAC and BMI at admission, aged 18-80 years (mean = 45.5, SD:14.8), BMI

2019 PLoS ONE

68. Exploring the role of body mass index in relationship of serum nitric oxide and advanced glycation end products in apparently healthy subjects. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Exploring the role of body mass index in relationship of serum nitric oxide and advanced glycation end products in apparently healthy subjects. This study aimed to identify any association of serum nitric oxide (NO) and advanced glycation end products (AGEs) with body mass index (BMI) in apparently healthy subjects. In this cross-sectional study, participants were 90 apparently healthy subjects, categorized into three BMI groups as follows: BMI≤19.5 (n = 21), 19.6≤BMI≤24.9 (n = 35), and BMI≥25

2019 PLoS ONE

69. Body mass index trajectories preceding first report of poor self-rated health: A longitudinal case-control analysis of the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Body mass index trajectories preceding first report of poor self-rated health: A longitudinal case-control analysis of the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing. Studies have consistently found that obesity is associated with poor self-rated health, but how body mass index (BMI) developed in the lead up to poor self-rated health is unknown.We nested a longitudinal case-control study in the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (1998-2015) to investigate BMI trajectories in the years preceding

2019 PLoS ONE

70. Michigan cohorts to determine associations of maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index with pregnancy and infant gastrointestinal microbial communities: Late pregnancy and early infancy. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Michigan cohorts to determine associations of maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index with pregnancy and infant gastrointestinal microbial communities: Late pregnancy and early infancy. About 25% of women in the United States are obese prior to becoming pregnant. Although there is some knowledge about the relationship between the gastrointestinal microbiota and obesity, little is known about the relationship between pre-pregnancy obesity and the gastrointestinal microbiota in pregnancy or its (...) (Sorensen index) by maternal pre-pregnancy BMI category, and significantly differed by delivery mode and breastfeeding exclusivity (p = 0.06, p = 0.001, p = 0.008, respectively). Infants from normal weight women had lower abundances of Megasphaera than infants from overweight or obese women. Streptococcus was lowest in infants from overweight women, and Staphylococcus was lowest in infants from obese women.Maternal and infant microbiotas are associated with and might be affected by maternal pre

2019 PLoS ONE

71. Body mass index and the risk of mortality among Chinese adults with Type 2 diabetes Full Text available with Trip Pro

Body mass index and the risk of mortality among Chinese adults with Type 2 diabetes To examine the associations between BMI and the risks of all-cause, cardiovascular disease (CVD)-specific and cancer-specific mortality among people with Type 2 diabetes, and thus provide recommendations for weight management in the population.This retrospective cohort study was conducted among 52 763 people with newly diagnosed Type 2 diabetes between 1 January 2004 and 31 December 2014 in Shanghai, China. All

2018 EvidenceUpdates

72. Effect of a Behavioral Intervention for Underserved Preschool-Age Children on Change in Body Mass Index: A Randomized Clinical Trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effect of a Behavioral Intervention for Underserved Preschool-Age Children on Change in Body Mass Index: A Randomized Clinical Trial. Prevention of obesity during childhood is critical for children in underserved populations, for whom obesity prevalence and risk of chronic disease are highest.To test the effect of a multicomponent behavioral intervention on child body mass index (BMI, calculated as weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared) growth trajectories over 36 months among

2018 JAMA Controlled trial quality: predicted high

73. A body mass index over 22 kg/m2 at college age is a risk factor for future diabetes in Japanese men. Full Text available with Trip Pro

A body mass index over 22 kg/m2 at college age is a risk factor for future diabetes in Japanese men. There is a high incidence of type 2 diabetes in Asian adults, even those with a normal body mass index (BMI) (<25.0 kg/m2). For example, it has been shown that a slightly increased BMI (>23 kg/m2) at middle age is a risk factor for type 2 diabetes in Asians. In this historical cohort study, we investigated whether a slightly increased BMI at college age was also a risk factor for future diabetes

2019 PLoS ONE

74. Do physical activity, sitting time and body mass index affect fertility over a 15-year period in women? Data from a large population-based cohort study. (Abstract)

Do physical activity, sitting time and body mass index affect fertility over a 15-year period in women? Data from a large population-based cohort study. Do physical activity (PA), sitting time (ST) and body mass index (BMI) affect fertility over a 15-year period in Australian women?Moderate and high levels of PA confer advantages for fertility in women with normal BMI, but increased risk of infertility was observed in obese women.Higher BMI is positively associated with higher rates of problems

2020 Human Reproduction

75. Adjusting antimüllerian hormone levels for age and body mass index improves detection of polycystic ovary syndrome. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Adjusting antimüllerian hormone levels for age and body mass index improves detection of polycystic ovary syndrome. To examine whether accounting for a woman's age and body mass index (BMI) would improve the ability of antimüllerian hormone (AMH) to distinguish between women with (cases) and without (controls) polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS).An opportunistic case-control dataset of reproductive age women having evaluations for PCOS as defined by National Institutes of Health criteria.Two

2020 Fertility and Sterility

76. Effect of paternal body mass index on neonatal outcomes of singletons after frozen-thawed embryo transfer cycles: analysis of 7,908 singleton newborns. (Abstract)

Effect of paternal body mass index on neonatal outcomes of singletons after frozen-thawed embryo transfer cycles: analysis of 7,908 singleton newborns. To investigate the effect of paternal body mass index (BMI) on neonatal outcomes of singletons after frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FET) cycles.Retrospective cohort study.Tertiary-care academic medical center.A total of 7,908 singleton newborns were divided into four categories based on their paternal BMI: 284 (3.6%) infants were in the paternal

2020 Fertility and Sterility

77. Association between Body Mass Index and Risk of COVID-19: A Nationwide Case-Control Study in South Korea. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Association between Body Mass Index and Risk of COVID-19: A Nationwide Case-Control Study in South Korea. Increased body mass index (BMI) has been associated with higher risk of severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infections. However, whether obesity is a risk factor for contracting COVID-19 has been hardly investigated so far.We examined the association between BMI level and the risk of COVID-19 infection in a nationwide case-control study comprised of 3,788 case patients confirmed

2020 Clinical Infectious Diseases

78. Accelerated progression of waist-to-hip ratio but not body mass index associated with lower socioeconomic position: a cohort study of nonobese early postmenopausal Chinese women. (Abstract)

Accelerated progression of waist-to-hip ratio but not body mass index associated with lower socioeconomic position: a cohort study of nonobese early postmenopausal Chinese women. Menopausal changes are linked to increase in body fat mass and central fat distribution; nonetheless, the impact of socioeconomic position on such changes has rarely been examined. This cohort study assessed the temporal associations of socioeconomic position with changes in body mass index (BMI) and waist-to-hip ratio

2020 Menopause

79. Body mass index, residual psychotic symptoms, and inflammation associated with brain volume reduction in older patients with schizophrenia. (Abstract)

Body mass index, residual psychotic symptoms, and inflammation associated with brain volume reduction in older patients with schizophrenia. Obesity, aging, and pathophysiology of schizophrenia (SCZ) may collectively contribute to the gray matter loss in brain regions of SCZ. We attempted to examine the association between volumes of specific brain regions, body mass index (BMI), inflammatory markers, and clinical features in older SCZ patients.Clinically stable outpatients with schizophrenia

2020 International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry

80. Major depression, sleep, hostility and body mass index are associated with impaired quality of life in schizophrenia. Results from the FACE-SZ cohort. (Abstract)

Major depression, sleep, hostility and body mass index are associated with impaired quality of life in schizophrenia. Results from the FACE-SZ cohort. Impaired Quality of life (QoL) in schizophrenia has been mostly associated with psychotic and mood symptomatology, insight and functioning so far.QoL levels remain unsatisfactory due to other factors we aim to explore.We have explored sleep quality with the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, hostility with the Buss&Perry questionnaire, major (...) depression with the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale depressive factor, functioning with the Global Assessment of Functioning scale and weight gain with body mass index in addition to other classical QoL-associated factors.559 patients (mean age=31 (SD 9) years, 74% male sex) were included in the national FACE-SZ cohort. Impaired QoL has been significantly associated with respectively major depression, impaired sleep quality, increased hostility, impaired functioning and impaired insight

2020 Journal of Affective Disorders

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