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Body Mass Index

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41. TRUNK BODY MASS INDEX: A NEW REFERENCE FOR THE ASSESSMENT OF BODY MASS DISTRIBUTION (PubMed)

TRUNK BODY MASS INDEX: A NEW REFERENCE FOR THE ASSESSMENT OF BODY MASS DISTRIBUTION Body mass index (BMI) has some limitations for nutritional diagnosis since it does not represent an accurate measure of body fat and it is unable to identify predominant fat distribution.To develop a BMI based on the ratio of trunk mass and height.Fifty-seven patients in preoperative evaluation to bariatric surgery were evaluated. The preoperative anthropometric evaluation assessed weight, height and BMI (...) . The body composition was evaluated by bioimpedance, obtaining the trunk fat free mass and fat mass, and trunk height. Trunk BMI (tBMI) was calculated by the sum of the measurements of the trunk fat free mass (tFFM) and trunk fat mass (tFM) in kg, divided by the trunk height squared (m2)). The calculation of the trunk fat BMI (tfBMI) was calculated by tFM, in kg, divided by the trunk height squared (m2)). For the correction and adjustment of the tBMI and tfBMI, it was calculated the relation between

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2018 Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva : ABCD

42. Influence of Fat Mass- and Obesity-Associated Genotype, Body Mass Index, and Dietary Intake on Effects of Iroquois-related Homeobox 3 Gene on Body Weight (PubMed)

Influence of Fat Mass- and Obesity-Associated Genotype, Body Mass Index, and Dietary Intake on Effects of Iroquois-related Homeobox 3 Gene on Body Weight 30127222 2019 03 20 2542-5641 131 17 2018 09 05 Chinese medical journal Chin. Med. J. Influence of Fat Mass- and Obesity-Associated Genotype, Body Mass Index, and Dietary Intake on Effects of Iroquois-related Homeobox 3 Gene on Body Weight. 2112-2113 10.4103/0366-6999.239309 Gholamalizadeh Maryam M Student Research Committee, Cancer Research

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2018 Chinese medical journal

43. Effect of Body Mass Index Category on Body Surface Area Calculation in Children Undergoing Cardiac Procedures. (PubMed)

Effect of Body Mass Index Category on Body Surface Area Calculation in Children Undergoing Cardiac Procedures. Many of the common equations used for body surface area determination were either introduced before the widespread prevalence of childhood obesity, contained very few children in their sample, or have not been assessed in overweight/obese children. Therefore, we compared 6 body surface area formulae to determine their performance across body mass index categories using cross-sectional (...) correlation coefficient (measure of precision), the Lin concordance correlation coefficient (measure of bias and precision), and the Bland-Altman limit-of-agreement. All comparisons were made across age, sex, and body mass index categories.Among the 1000 (mostly Caucasian: 76.1%) subjects, 16.7% were overweight, while 14.1% were obese and 51.2% were girls. All calculated body surface area data showed a strong positive correlation with each other and the derived reference body surface area values (0.99

2019 Anesthesia and Analgesia

44. Operating on the Edge? Body Contouring Procedures in Patients with Body Mass Index Greater 35. (PubMed)

Operating on the Edge? Body Contouring Procedures in Patients with Body Mass Index Greater 35. Body contouring surgery after massive weight loss was shown to ameliorate the patient's quality of life and to enhance physical and psychological well-being. However, numerous patients are still obese when presenting for body contouring surgery, not able to lose additional weight for various reasons. Data regarding general feasibility, outcome, and postoperative complications in obese patients is rare (...) . The aim of this study was to investigate the outcome in body contouring procedures in obese patients.A retrospective chart review of 65 cases in 42 patients was performed. Patients with a body mass index (BMI) > 35 kg/m2 at the time of operation were enrolled and all different types of body contouring surgery were included. Complications were classified as major (need for surgical intervention) and minor complications.The median BMI of all patients was 38 kg/m2 (range 35.1-65.1 kg/m2). The majority

2019 Obesity Surgery

45. Body fat indicators perform better than body mass index in identifying abnormal lipid profiles in boys but not in girls. (PubMed)

Body fat indicators perform better than body mass index in identifying abnormal lipid profiles in boys but not in girls. BMI as a body weight indicator, may inadequately represent the biological effect of body fat on lipid profiles. This study aims to assess whether body fat indicators were superior to BMI for recognizing children with dyslipidemia.A nationwide cross-sectional study involving 8944 pediatric participants aged 6-18 years. Measures of fat mass index (FMI), fat mass percentage (FMP (...) % higher than those of BMI-based overweight, respectively, all P < 0.01. Among girls, the associations of BMI with lipid profiles were substantially similar to FMI. All these results were almost identical when FMP was used instead of FMI.DXA measured body fat performs better than BMI in identifying abnormal lipid profiles in boys but not in girls.

2019 Pediatric Research

46. Effects of cereal beta-glucan consumption on body weight, body mass index, waist circumference and total energy intake: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. (PubMed)

Effects of cereal beta-glucan consumption on body weight, body mass index, waist circumference and total energy intake: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Obesity is a worldwide epidemic and a common medical condition associated with a variety of chronic diseases. Cereal beta-glucans are soluble fibers with potential health benefits. A number of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have investigated the effect of cereal beta-glucan consumption on weight, but these results have (...) not been summarized in a meta-analysis. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of cereal beta-glucan consumption on body weight, body mass index, waist circumference and a total energy intake.Studies were identified using MEDLINE/PubMed, Scopus and Cochrane databases. Screening of relevant articles and references was carried out until December 2018. There were no language restrictions. This systematic review and meta-analysis was performed using the Preferred Items for Reporting

2019 Complementary Therapies In Medicine

47. Body mass index and body composition in relation to 14 cardiovascular conditions in UK Biobank: a Mendelian randomization study. (PubMed)

Body mass index and body composition in relation to 14 cardiovascular conditions in UK Biobank: a Mendelian randomization study. The causal role of adiposity for several cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) is unclear. Our primary aim was to apply the Mendelian randomization design to investigate the associations of body mass index (BMI) with 13 CVDs and arterial hypertension. We also assessed the roles of fat mass and fat-free mass on the same outcomes.Single-nucleotide polymorphisms associated (...) , atrial fibrillation, and pulmonary embolism. The odds ratio (OR) per 1 kg/m2 increase in BMI ranged from 1.06 [95% confidence interval (CI) 1.02-1.11; P = 2.6 × 10-3] for pulmonary embolism to 1.13 (95% CI 1.05-1.21; P = 1.2 × 10-3) for aortic valve stenosis. There was suggestive evidence of positive associations of genetically predicted fat mass index with nine outcomes (P < 0.05). The strongest magnitude of association was with aortic valve stenosis (OR per 1 kg/m2 increase in fat mass index 1.46

2019 European Heart Journal

48. Association between regional body fat and cardiovascular disease risk among postmenopausal women with normal body mass index. (PubMed)

Association between regional body fat and cardiovascular disease risk among postmenopausal women with normal body mass index. Central adiposity is associated with increased cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk, even among people with normal body mass index (BMI). We tested the hypothesis that regional body fat deposits (trunk or leg fat) are associated with altered risk of CVD among postmenopausal women with normal BMI.We included 2683 postmenopausal women with normal BMI (18.5 to <25 kg/m2) who (...) participated in the Women's Health Initiative and had no known CVD at baseline. Body composition was determined by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry. Incident CVD events including coronary heart disease and stroke were ascertained through February 2017. During a median 17.9 years of follow-up, 291 incident CVD cases occurred. After adjustment for demographic, lifestyle, and clinical risk factors, neither whole-body fat mass nor fat percentage was associated with CVD risk. Higher percent trunk fat

2019 European Heart Journal

49. Change in body weight and body mass index in psoriasis patients receiving biologics: a systematic review and network meta-analysis. (PubMed)

Change in body weight and body mass index in psoriasis patients receiving biologics: a systematic review and network meta-analysis. Previous studies have suggested that biological therapy for psoriasis may relate to body weight (BW) gain.To assess the changes in BW and body mass index (BMI) in psoriasis patients after receiving various biologics.We conducted a systematic review and network meta-analysis to evaluate the changes in BW and BMI in psoriasis patient receiving biologics and searched

2019 Journal of American Academy of Dermatology

50. Mepolizumab reduces exacerbations in patients with severe eosinophilic asthma, irrespective of body weight/body mass index: meta-analysis of MENSA and MUSCA. (PubMed)

Mepolizumab reduces exacerbations in patients with severe eosinophilic asthma, irrespective of body weight/body mass index: meta-analysis of MENSA and MUSCA. We assessed the efficacy of the licensed mepolizumab dose (100 mg subcutaneously [SC]) in patients with severe eosinophilic asthma according to body weight/body mass index (BMI).This was a post hoc individual patient-level meta-analysis of data from the Phase 3 studies MENSA (MEA115588/NCT01691521) and MUSCA (200862/NCT02281318). Patients (...) (ACQ-5) scores and blood eosinophil counts. Analyses were performed by baseline body weight and BMI (≤60, > 60-75, > 75-90, > 90, < 100, ≥100 kg; ≤25, > 25-30, > 30, < 36, ≥36 kg/m2).Overall, 936 patients received placebo or mepolizumab 100 mg SC. Across all body weight/BMI categories, mepolizumab reduced the rate of clinically significant exacerbations by 49-70% versus placebo. Improvements with mepolizumab versus placebo were also seen in lung function in all body weight/BMI categories except

2019 Respiratory research Controlled trial quality: predicted high

51. Correction: <i>Informational value of percent body fat with body mass index for the risk of abnormal blood glucose: a nationally representative cross-sectional study</i>. (PubMed)

Correction: Informational value of percent body fat with body mass index for the risk of abnormal blood glucose: a nationally representative cross-sectional study. [This corrects the article DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-019200.].

2019 BMJ open

52. What change in body mass index is associated with improvement in percentage body fat in childhood obesity? A meta-regression. (PubMed)

What change in body mass index is associated with improvement in percentage body fat in childhood obesity? A meta-regression. Using meta-regression this paper sets out the minimum change in body mass index-SD score (BMI-SDS) required to improve adiposity as percentage body fat for children and adolescents with obesity.Meta-regression.Studies were identified as part of a large-scale systematic review of the following electronic databases: AMED, Embase, MEDLINE via OVID, Web of Science (...) in percentage body fat. Thirty-nine studies reporting change in mean percentage body fat were analysed. Meta-regression demonstrated that reduction of at least 0.6 in mean BMI-SDS ensured a mean reduction of percentage body fat mass, in the sense that the associated 95% prediction interval for change in mean percentage body fat was wholly negative.Interventions demonstrating reductions of 0.6 BMI-SDS might be termed successful in reducing adiposity, a key purpose of weight management

2019 BMJ open

53. Association between cardiometabolic risk factors and body mass index, waist circumferences and body fat in a Zanzibari cross-sectional study. (PubMed)

Association between cardiometabolic risk factors and body mass index, waist circumferences and body fat in a Zanzibari cross-sectional study. To determine the prevalence of obesity indices (body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), body fat per cent (BF%)) and cardiometabolic risk factors. To investigate the association between obesity indices and cardiometabolic risk factors in a Zanzibari population.Cross-sectional study.Participants randomly selected from 80 Shehias (wards) in Unguja

2019 BMJ open

54. Associations between body mass index, body composition and bone density in young adults: findings from a southern Brazilian cohort. (PubMed)

Associations between body mass index, body composition and bone density in young adults: findings from a southern Brazilian cohort. This study aimed to evaluate the association of body composition components and obesity with bone density.Prospective study with data on 2968 members of the 1993 Pelotas Birth Cohort from follow-ups at 18 and 22 years of age. Areal bone mineral density (aBMD, g/cm2) was evaluated for whole body, lumbar spine, and femoral neck at 22 years using dual-energy X-ray (...) absorptiometry. Simple and multiple linear regression, stratified by sex, were used to assess the effect of BMI, fat mass (FMI) and lean mass index (LMI), evaluated at 18 and 22 years, and obesity trajectories classified by FMI and categorized as "never", "only at 18 years", "only at 22 years" or "always" on aBMD.Among men, the largest coefficients were observed for BMI, followed by lean mass and fat mass. Compared to fat mass, lean mass presented the largest coefficients for all sites, with the strongest

2019 BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders

55. Body mass index trajectories in early childhood in relation to cardiometabolic risk profile and body composition at 5 years of age. (PubMed)

Body mass index trajectories in early childhood in relation to cardiometabolic risk profile and body composition at 5 years of age. Both impaired and accelerated postnatal growth have been associated with adult risks of obesity and cardiometabolic diseases, like type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. However, the timing of the onset of cardiometabolic changes and the specific growth trajectories linking early growth with later disease risks are not well understood.The aim of this study (...) was to identify distinct trajectories of BMI growth from 0 to 5 y and examine their associations with body composition and markers of cardiometabolic risk at age 5 y.In a prospective birth cohort study of 453 healthy and term Ethiopian children with BMIs assessed a median of 9 times during follow-up, we identified subgroups of distinct BMI trajectories in early childhood using latent class trajectory modeling. Associations of the identified growth trajectories with cardiometabolic markers and body composition

2019 American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

56. Long-term effects of participation in a prenatal exercise intervention on body weight, body mass index, and physical activity level: a 6-year follow-up study of a randomized controlled trial. (PubMed)

Long-term effects of participation in a prenatal exercise intervention on body weight, body mass index, and physical activity level: a 6-year follow-up study of a randomized controlled trial. Background: Growing evidence supports that physical activity and exercise during pregnancy is favorable for the mother, with persisting benefits in the postpartum period. However, there is scant knowledge of the effect of a prenatal exercise program on long-term health and lifestyle habits. Objectives (...) : This 6-year follow-up study of a randomized controlled trial had two aims: (1) compare body weight, weight retention and body mass index (BMI) in the intervention group and control group, and (2) evaluate effects on physical activity level and recreational exercise. Materials and methods: Out of 105 participants initially randomized to either an intervention group, n = 52 (twice weekly group-exercises and physical activity counselling) or control group, n = 53 (standard prenatal care), 80 women (76.2

2019 The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine : the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians Controlled trial quality: uncertain

57. Correction: My Body Looks Like That Girl's: Body Mass Index Modulates Brain Activity during Body Image Self-Reflection among Young Women. (PubMed)

Correction: My Body Looks Like That Girl's: Body Mass Index Modulates Brain Activity during Body Image Self-Reflection among Young Women. [This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0164450.].

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2017 PLoS ONE

58. The association between paternal body mass index, pregnancy success and child health outcomes: a systematic review protocol.

The association between paternal body mass index, pregnancy success and child health outcomes: a systematic review protocol. The objective of this review is to investigate the association between paternal body mass index (BMI) (particularly elevated paternal BMI) and complications of conception and pregnancy as well as neonatal and childhood health.

2018 JBI database of systematic reviews and implementation reports

59. INTAKE OF SUGAR-SWEETENED BEVERAGES, MILK AND ITS ASSOCIATION WITH BODY MASS INDEX IN ADOLESCENCE: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW. (PubMed)

INTAKE OF SUGAR-SWEETENED BEVERAGES, MILK AND ITS ASSOCIATION WITH BODY MASS INDEX IN ADOLESCENCE: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW. To systematize literature references addressing the association of sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) and milk intake with body mass index (BMI) in adolescents.A search was carried out in PubMed (US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health) and BVS (Virtual Library in Health). The descriptors used were: adolescents, young adult, beverages, drinking, obesity

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2018 Revista paulista de pediatria : orgao oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de Sao Paulo

60. Body Mass Index, Diet-Related Factors, and Bladder Cancer Prognosis: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. (PubMed)

Body Mass Index, Diet-Related Factors, and Bladder Cancer Prognosis: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Urologists are frequently confronted with questions of urinary bladder cancer (UBC) patients about what they can do to improve their prognosis. Unfortunately, it is largely unknown which lifestyle factors can influence prognosis.To systematically review the available evidence on the association between body mass index (BMI), diet, dietary supplements, and physical activity and UBC

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2018 Bladder cancer (Amsterdam, Netherlands)

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