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Body Mass Index

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41. Beneficial Effects of ragi (Finger Millet) on Hematological Parameters, Body Mass Index, and Scholastic Performance among Anemic Adolescent High-School Girls (AHSG). (Abstract)

Beneficial Effects of ragi (Finger Millet) on Hematological Parameters, Body Mass Index, and Scholastic Performance among Anemic Adolescent High-School Girls (AHSG). Adolescence is a period characterized by rapid physical, emotional, and mental growth and changes potentially resulting in health challenges. Anemia, which is a fairly common complication in this age group, is reported to negatively affect the cognitive ability of adolescents. Traditionally, ragi (Finger millet: Eleusine coracana (...) ), a cereal available in India, has been recommended as nutritional supplement to combat anemia because of its high protein and mineral content as well as anti-microbial property. This study sought to establish the effect of ragi in improving hematological parameters, body mass index, and scholastic performance among adolescent school girls. Sixty adolescent girls were randomly selected and divided into intervention (n = 30) and control groups (n = 30). The effect of dietary supplementation of ragi

2018 Comprehensive child and adolescent nursing Controlled trial quality: uncertain

42. Relationship of body mass index to sleep duration, and current smoking among medical students in Tabuk City, Saudi Arabia (Full text)

Relationship of body mass index to sleep duration, and current smoking among medical students in Tabuk City, Saudi Arabia Being overweight is associated with cardiometabolic risk, and lifestyles including smoking and good sleep hygiene are also implicated. We aimed to assess the dietary habit, time spent on social media, and sleep duration relationship to body mass index (BMI) among medical students in Tabuk, Saudi Arabia.A cross-sectional study was conducted among 147 clinical phase medical (...) was considered statistically significant.Participants consisted of 51% males, mean age (Mean ± SD) was 22.90±1.27 years, sleep duration was 7.50±2.17 hours, time spent on social media was 5.54±3.49 hours, body mass index was 24.8±5.19, and breakfast skipping, fast food consumption, smoking, and regular exercise were reported in 52.4%, 87.7%, 12.9%, and 36.1% respectively. A significant negative correlation was evident between BMI and sleep duration (r= -0.185, p=0.025), cigarette smokers were more likely

2018 Electronic physician PubMed abstract

43. Influence of lifestyle factors on Body Mass Index in preschoolers in Behbahan city, southwest Iran, 2016 (Full text)

Influence of lifestyle factors on Body Mass Index in preschoolers in Behbahan city, southwest Iran, 2016 The body mass index (BMI) of Iranian preschoolers is noticeably increasing. Thus, studying the factors influencing BMI in preschool children is crucial. The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of lifestyle factors on BMI of preschool children, residing in Behbahan city, southwest Iran, in 2016.A total of 120 preschool children, aged 4 to 6 years, participated in this cross (...) activity and screen time affected the BMI (p<0.05), and the duration of physical activity had inverse relationship with obesity, and screen time was directly related to obesity.Understanding the factors affecting the BMI of preschool children can inform the development of interventions to impact children's weight-related behavior and it can be used as the basis for future healthy body weight policies. Efforts to lower the obesity rate of preschoolers should be focused on the lifestyle behaviors

2018 Electronic physician PubMed abstract

44. Influence of body mass index on the therapeutic efficacy of gemcitabine plus cisplatin and overall survival in lung squamous cell carcinoma (Full text)

Influence of body mass index on the therapeutic efficacy of gemcitabine plus cisplatin and overall survival in lung squamous cell carcinoma Gemcitabine plus cisplatin (GP) is commonly used to treat lung squamous cell carcinoma (SCC); however, it is not clear which subgroup of lung SCC patients could benefit most from GP treatment. We explored the predictive factors in lung SCC patient cohorts.Seventy-eight lung SCC patients treated with a first-line GP regimen were enrolled (...) in this retrospective cohort study. Progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Classification tree models were used to explore the risk factors for PFS and OS in these patients.The median PFS and OS in SCC patients treated with a GP regimen were 6.0 and 13.6 months, respectively. Three terminal subgroups were formed for both PFS and OS. The subgroup with a body mass index (BMI) > 23.94 kg/m2 and aged ≤ 54.5 had the longest PFS (9.0 months); the subgroup

2018 Thoracic cancer PubMed abstract

45. Socioeconomic inequalities in childhood and adolescent body-mass index, weight, and height from 1953 to 2015: an analysis of four longitudinal, observational, British birth cohort studies (Full text)

Socioeconomic inequalities in childhood and adolescent body-mass index, weight, and height from 1953 to 2015: an analysis of four longitudinal, observational, British birth cohort studies Socioeconomic inequalities in childhood body-mass index (BMI) have been documented in high-income countries; however, uncertainty exists with regard to how they have changed over time, how inequalities in the composite parts (ie, weight and height) of BMI have changed, and whether inequalities differ

2018 The Lancet. Public health PubMed abstract

46. The power of social networks and social support in promotion of physical activity and body mass index among African American adults (Full text)

The power of social networks and social support in promotion of physical activity and body mass index among African American adults Social support and social networks can elucidate important structural and functional aspects of social relationships that are associated with health-promoting behaviors, including Physical Activity (PA) and weight. A growing number of studies have investigated the relationship between social support, social networks, PA and obesity specifically among African (...) Americans; however, the evidence is mixed and many studies focus exclusively on African American women. Most studies have also focused on either functional or structural aspects of social relationships (but not both) and few have objectively measured moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and body mass index (BMI). Cross-sectional surveys of adult African American men and women living in two low-income predominantly African American neighborhoods in Pittsburgh, PA (N = 799) measured numerous

2018 SSM - population health PubMed abstract

47. How does grazing relate to body mass index, self-compassion, mindfulness and mindful eating in a student population? (Full text)

How does grazing relate to body mass index, self-compassion, mindfulness and mindful eating in a student population? Contemporary research investigating obesity has focused on grazing (i.e. an uncontrolled and repetitive consumption of small amounts of food). Meanwhile, constructs such as mindfulness, mindful eating and self-compassion have received much attention in assisting individuals with eating behaviours and weight regulation. The association between those constructs and grazing, however

2018 Health psychology open PubMed abstract

48. INTAKE OF SUGAR-SWEETENED BEVERAGES, MILK AND ITS ASSOCIATION WITH BODY MASS INDEX IN ADOLESCENCE: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW. (Full text)

INTAKE OF SUGAR-SWEETENED BEVERAGES, MILK AND ITS ASSOCIATION WITH BODY MASS INDEX IN ADOLESCENCE: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW. To systematize literature references addressing the association of sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) and milk intake with body mass index (BMI) in adolescents.A search was carried out in PubMed (US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health) and BVS (Virtual Library in Health). The descriptors used were: adolescents, young adult, beverages, drinking, obesity

2018 Revista paulista de pediatria : orgao oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de Sao Paulo PubMed abstract

49. The association between paternal body mass index, pregnancy success and child health outcomes: a systematic review protocol. (Abstract)

The association between paternal body mass index, pregnancy success and child health outcomes: a systematic review protocol. The objective of this review is to investigate the association between paternal body mass index (BMI) (particularly elevated paternal BMI) and complications of conception and pregnancy as well as neonatal and childhood health.

2018 JBI database of systematic reviews and implementation reports

50. Body Mass Index, Diet-Related Factors, and Bladder Cancer Prognosis: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. (Full text)

Body Mass Index, Diet-Related Factors, and Bladder Cancer Prognosis: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Urologists are frequently confronted with questions of urinary bladder cancer (UBC) patients about what they can do to improve their prognosis. Unfortunately, it is largely unknown which lifestyle factors can influence prognosis.To systematically review the available evidence on the association between body mass index (BMI), diet, dietary supplements, and physical activity and UBC

2018 Bladder cancer (Amsterdam, Netherlands) PubMed abstract

51. Fat Mass Index and Body Mass Index Affect Peak Metabolic Equivalent Negatively during Exercise Test among Children and Adolescents in Taiwan (Full text)

Fat Mass Index and Body Mass Index Affect Peak Metabolic Equivalent Negatively during Exercise Test among Children and Adolescents in Taiwan Peak metabolic equivalent (MET) is the most reliable indicator of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF). The aim of this study was to examine the association between CRF indicated by peak MET and body mass index (BMI) or fat mass index (FMI) in Taiwanese children and adolescents (C-A). Data of 638 C-A aged 10-18 that received symptom-limited treadmill exercise (...) testing was analyzed. Anthropometry-body composition was measured by vector bioelectrical impedance analysis. BMI was defined as body weight (kg)/body height (m)² and FMI was defined as fat mass (kg)/body height (m)². BMI was grouped by Taiwanese obesity cut-off points. FMI Class-I was categorized by percentage of body fat. FMI Class-II used the reference values from Korean C-A. Excess adiposity was defined as (1) "overweight" and "obesity" by BMI, (2) greater than the sex- and age-specific 75th

2018 International journal of environmental research and public health PubMed abstract

52. Comparison of body composition assessment by DXA and BIA according to the body mass index: A retrospective study on 3655 measures. (Full text)

Comparison of body composition assessment by DXA and BIA according to the body mass index: A retrospective study on 3655 measures. Body composition assessment is often used in clinical practice for nutritional evaluation and monitoring. The standard method, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), is hardly feasible in routine clinical practice contrary to Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis (BIA) method. We thus aimed to compare body composition assessment by DXA and BIA according to the body mass (...) index (BMI) in a large cohort.Retrospectively, we analysed DXA and BIA measures in patients followed in a Nutrition Unit from 2010 to 2016. Body composition was assessed under standardized conditions in the morning, after a fasting period of 12 h, by DXA (Lunar Prodigy Advance) and BIA (Bodystat QuadScan 4000, Manufacturer's equation). Bland-Altman test was performed for each class of BMI (kg/m2) and fat mass and fat free mass values were compared using Kruskal-Wallis test. Pearson correlations were

2018 PLoS ONE PubMed abstract

53. Validity of DXA body volume equations in a four-compartment model for adults with varying body mass index and waist circumference classifications. (Full text)

Validity of DXA body volume equations in a four-compartment model for adults with varying body mass index and waist circumference classifications. The purpose of this investigation was to determine the validity of 4-compartment (4C) model body fat percent (BF%) estimates when using dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) derived body volume (BV) equations (4C-DXA1 and 4C-DXA2) in adults with varying body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) classifications. Each model was compared

2018 PLoS ONE PubMed abstract

54. Prediction of Mortality with A Body Shape Index in Young Asians: Comparison with Body Mass Index and Waist Circumference. (Full text)

Prediction of Mortality with A Body Shape Index in Young Asians: Comparison with Body Mass Index and Waist Circumference. This paper investigated the impact of A Body Shape Index (ABSI) on the risk of all-cause mortality compared with the impact of waist circumference (WC) and body mass index (BMI).This paper reviewed data of 213,569 Korean adults who participated in health checkups between 2002 and 2012 at Kangbuk Samsung Hospital in Seoul, Korea. A multivariate Cox proportional hazard

2018 Obesity PubMed abstract

55. Associations of body adiposity index, waist circumference, and body mass index in young adults. (Abstract)

Associations of body adiposity index, waist circumference, and body mass index in young adults. The Body Adiposity Index (BAI) is an anthropometric measure developed to estimate body composition in field settings. Although this novel measure has been validated against clinical measures of adiposity (%Fat), the relative accuracy of other anthropometric measures, such as Body Mass Index (BMI), and waist circumference (WC), have not been assessed in comparison to the BAI using a 4-compartment (4C (...) ) model.The primary aim of this study was to examine the association between BMI, WC, BAI, and %Fat in young adults, and determine the relative accuracy of each anthropometric measure when predicting %Fat.BMI, WC, and BAI were assessed in a sample of young adults (n = 188, 48.4% female, 21.8 ± 4.8 years). %Fat assessed using the 4C model was derived from underwater weighing for body density, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry for bone mineral content, and bioimpedance spectroscopy for total body water

2018 Clinical nutrition (Edinburgh, Scotland)

56. TRUNK BODY MASS INDEX: A NEW REFERENCE FOR THE ASSESSMENT OF BODY MASS DISTRIBUTION (Full text)

TRUNK BODY MASS INDEX: A NEW REFERENCE FOR THE ASSESSMENT OF BODY MASS DISTRIBUTION Body mass index (BMI) has some limitations for nutritional diagnosis since it does not represent an accurate measure of body fat and it is unable to identify predominant fat distribution.To develop a BMI based on the ratio of trunk mass and height.Fifty-seven patients in preoperative evaluation to bariatric surgery were evaluated. The preoperative anthropometric evaluation assessed weight, height and BMI (...) . The body composition was evaluated by bioimpedance, obtaining the trunk fat free mass and fat mass, and trunk height. Trunk BMI (tBMI) was calculated by the sum of the measurements of the trunk fat free mass (tFFM) and trunk fat mass (tFM) in kg, divided by the trunk height squared (m2)). The calculation of the trunk fat BMI (tfBMI) was calculated by tFM, in kg, divided by the trunk height squared (m2)). For the correction and adjustment of the tBMI and tfBMI, it was calculated the relation between

2018 Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva : ABCD PubMed abstract

57. Influence of Fat Mass- and Obesity-Associated Genotype, Body Mass Index, and Dietary Intake on Effects of Iroquois-related Homeobox 3 Gene on Body Weight (Full text)

Influence of Fat Mass- and Obesity-Associated Genotype, Body Mass Index, and Dietary Intake on Effects of Iroquois-related Homeobox 3 Gene on Body Weight 30127222 2019 03 20 2542-5641 131 17 2018 09 05 Chinese medical journal Chin. Med. J. Influence of Fat Mass- and Obesity-Associated Genotype, Body Mass Index, and Dietary Intake on Effects of Iroquois-related Homeobox 3 Gene on Body Weight. 2112-2113 10.4103/0366-6999.239309 Gholamalizadeh Maryam M Student Research Committee, Cancer Research

2018 Chinese medical journal PubMed abstract

58. In response to 'Effects of probiotics on body weight, body mass index, fat mass and fat percentage in subjects with overweight or obesity: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials'. (Abstract)

In response to 'Effects of probiotics on body weight, body mass index, fat mass and fat percentage in subjects with overweight or obesity: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials'. 29520962 2019 09 16 2019 09 16 1467-789X 19 8 2018 08 Obesity reviews : an official journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity Obes Rev In response to 'Effects of probiotics on body weight, body mass index, fat mass and fat percentage in subjects with overweight (...) or obesity: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials'. 1173 10.1111/obr.12687 Fuller N R NR 0000-0002-6823-5872 The Boden Institute of Obesity, Nutrition, Exercise & Eating Disorders, Charles Perkins Centre, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia. eng Letter Comment 2018 03 08 England Obes Rev 100897395 1467-7881 IM Obes Rev. 2018 Feb;19(2):219-232 29047207 Body Mass Index Body Weight Humans Obesity Overweight Probiotics Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic 2018 02

2018 Obesity reviews : an official journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity

59. Effects of Tai Chi therapy on body mass index and physical index of intellectual disability. (Abstract)

Effects of Tai Chi therapy on body mass index and physical index of intellectual disability. Continuous program development and application are necessary in order to manage the health and address the problems of secondary metabolic disorders for people with intellectual disabilities. This study examines the effects of Tai Chi therapy on body mass index (BMI) and physical index among people with intellectual disabilities.A quasi-experimental study using a pretest-post-test control group, non (...) hour each) by one professional instructor. Measures were general characteristics of study participants, BMI as degree of obesity, and physical index. Data were analyzed using the SPSS 21.0 program (descriptive statistics, χ2 test, independent t test). A P value of less than .05 was considered statistically significant.There were statistically significant differences on fasting blood glucose (t = 4.351, P < .001) and high-density lipoprotein (t = -2.052, P = .043) in the physical index between

2019 Japan journal of nursing science : JJNS Controlled trial quality: uncertain

60. Ponderal index classifies obesity in children and adolescents more accurately than body mass index z-scores. (Abstract)

Ponderal index classifies obesity in children and adolescents more accurately than body mass index z-scores. We aimed to compare the accuracy of the ponderal index (PI) vs. BMI-for-age z-scores transformed (BMIz) in estimating body fat levels and classifying obesity in children and adolescents from a Brazilian urban population.This is a cross-sectional study with 1149 participants (53.2% male), aged 6 to 18 years. Body fat percent (BFP) was obtained by multi-frequency bioelectrical impedance (...) by PI (R2 = 0.73 and R2 = 0.75) for boys and girls, respectively. False positive rate was higher for BMIz compared with PI among boys (21.8% vs. 3.9%) and girls (28.5% vs. 17.5%).PI is a promising index for replacing BMIz in children and adolescents due to its potential to reduce false diagnosis of obesity.

2019 Pediatric Research

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