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21. Weighing in on Body Mass Index and Infection After Total Joint Arthroplasty: Is There Evidence for a Body Mass Index Threshold? Full Text available with Trip Pro

Weighing in on Body Mass Index and Infection After Total Joint Arthroplasty: Is There Evidence for a Body Mass Index Threshold? Although morbid obesity is considered a modifiable risk factor for periprosthetic joint infection (PJI), there is no consensus regarding an appropriate threshold for body mass index (BMI) above which a high risk for infection may outweigh the benefits of surgery.(1) Is there a BMI cutoff threshold that is associated with increased risk for PJI? (2) Is the risk of PJI (...) between obesity and early infection, we identified PJI within 90 days of the index surgery. This relationship was examined separately for BMI as a continuous variable and for each BMI category as defined by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (underweight ≤ 18.49 kg/m; normal 18.5-24.9 kg/m; overweight 25-29.9 kg/m; obese class I 30-34.9 kg/m; obese class II 35-39.9 kg/m; obese class III ≥ 40 kg/m). Analyses were performed with logistic regression, accounting for both patient and surgical

2018 Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research

22. The Sitting-Height Index of Build, (Body Mass)/(Sitting Height)3, as an Improvement on the Body Mass Index for Children, Adolescents and Young Adults Full Text available with Trip Pro

The Sitting-Height Index of Build, (Body Mass)/(Sitting Height)3, as an Improvement on the Body Mass Index for Children, Adolescents and Young Adults The body mass index (BMI) is unsatisfactory in being affected by both relative leg length and height, and, for use with children and adolescents, therefore needs to be interpreted in relation to age. The sitting-height index of build (body mass)/(sitting height)³, is largely free of these disadvantages. Furthermore, because that index (...) and females, black as well as white. Regression analysis as above again showed leg length to be an insignificant predictor of body mass, but only above the age of about nine years. However, sitting height is still a stronger predictor of body mass than leg length at all ages. The advantages of the sitting-height index of build for use with young people are confirmed.

2018 Children

23. Body mass index increase before 3 years‐of‐age augments the degree of insulin resistance corresponding to body mass index in adolescent girls Full Text available with Trip Pro

Body mass index increase before 3 years‐of‐age augments the degree of insulin resistance corresponding to body mass index in adolescent girls 29504278 2019 03 18 2040-1124 9 2 2018 Mar Journal of diabetes investigation J Diabetes Investig Body mass index increase before 3 years-of-age augments the degree of insulin resistance corresponding to body mass index in adolescent girls. 450 10.1111/jdi.12700 Arisaka Osamu O http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5307-0999 Department of Pediatrics, Dokkyo

2018 Journal of Diabetes Investigation

24. Parental body mass index and blood pressure are associated with higher body mass index and blood pressure in their adult offspring: a cross‐sectional study in a resource‐limited setting in northern Peru Full Text available with Trip Pro

Parental body mass index and blood pressure are associated with higher body mass index and blood pressure in their adult offspring: a cross‐sectional study in a resource‐limited setting in northern Peru High body mass index (BMI) and blood pressure (BP) are major contributors to the high burden of non-communicable diseases in adulthood. Individual high-risk and population approaches for prevention require newer strategies to target these risk factors and focusing on the family to introduce

2018 Tropical Medicine & International Health

25. Breastfeeding duration, maternal body mass index, and birth weight are associated with differences in body mass index growth trajectories in early childhood. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Breastfeeding duration, maternal body mass index, and birth weight are associated with differences in body mass index growth trajectories in early childhood. Accelerated postnatal growth is an important predictor for obesity risk. It is unknown whether early-life obesity-related risk factors affect body mass index (BMI) growth rates during distinct growth periods from early infancy through preschool years.We examined whether breastfeeding duration, maternal BMI, and birth weight are associated

2018 American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

26. Body mass index at age 18 years and recent body mass index in relation to risk of breast cancer overall and ER/PR/HER2-defined subtypes in white women and African-American women: a pooled analysis. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Body mass index at age 18 years and recent body mass index in relation to risk of breast cancer overall and ER/PR/HER2-defined subtypes in white women and African-American women: a pooled analysis. Although it has been well-documented that obesity is associated with decreased risk of premenopausal breast cancer and increased risk of postmenopausal breast cancer, it is unclear whether these associations differ among breast cancer subtypes defined by the tumor protein expression status (...) of estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2).We evaluated the associations of body mass index (BMI) at age 18 years and recent BMI in relation to risk of breast cancer overall and ER/PR/HER2-defined subtypes, in 6320 women (3934 case-patient participants, 2386 control participants) aged 35-64 years, who participated in one of three population-based case-control studies. We estimated multivariable-adjusted odd ratios (ORs) and corresponding 95

2018 Breast cancer research : BCR

27. 1. The associations of body mass index between parents and their adult offspring: A system review and meta-analysis 2. The contribution of maternal and paternal body mass index to the obesity of their adult offspring: A system review and meta-analysis

1. The associations of body mass index between parents and their adult offspring: A system review and meta-analysis 2. The contribution of maternal and paternal body mass index to the obesity of their adult offspring: A system review and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied (...) study characteristics will be examined as potential source of heterogeneity: species (stratified per species); sex (stratified per sex); duration of index ischemia (linear); stem cell dose (linear); blinding of outcome assessment reported (stratified yes vs no). For stratified analyses, a minimum number of 8 studies per subgroup is required. ">Subgroup analyses A sensitivity analysis is conducted to assess the impact of decisions taken in the review process on the meta-analysis outcome

2020 PROSPERO

28. Obesity measured as percent body fat, relationship with body mass index, and percentile curves for Mexican pediatric population. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Obesity measured as percent body fat, relationship with body mass index, and percentile curves for Mexican pediatric population. In Mexico, the increase in childhood obesity is alarming. Thus, improving the precision of its diagnosis is expected to impact on disease prevention. We estimated obesity prevalence by bioimpedance-based percent body fat (%BF) and body mass index (BMI) in 1061 girls and 1121 boys, from 3 to 17 years old. Multiple regressions and area under receiver operating curves (...) (AUC) were used to determine the predictive value of BMI on %BF and percentile curves were constructed. Overall obesity prevalence estimated by %BF was 43.7%, and by BMI it was 20.1%; it means that the diagnosis by BMI underestimated around 50% of children diagnosed with obesity by %BF (≥30% for girls, ≥25% for boys). The fat mass excess is further underestimated in boys than in girls when using the standard BMI classification. The relationship between %BF and BMI was strong in school children

2019 PLoS ONE

29. Incidence and predictors of fractures in older adults with and without obesity defined by body mass index versus body fat percentage. (Abstract)

Incidence and predictors of fractures in older adults with and without obesity defined by body mass index versus body fat percentage. The aim of this study was to determine and compare risk factors associated with incident fractures in older adults with and without obesity, defined by both body mass index (BMI) and body fat percentage.1,099 older adults (mean ± standard deviation age = 63.0 ± 7.5) years, participated in this prospective cohort study. Obesity status at baseline was defined (...) by BMI (≥30 kg/m2) obtained by anthropometry and body fat percentage (≥30% for men and ≥40% for women) assessed by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Total hip and lumbar spine areal bone mineral density (aBMD) were assessed by DXA up to five years. Incident fractures were self-reported up to 10 years.Prevalence of obesity was 28% according to BMI and 43% according to body fat percentage. Obese older adults by BMI, but not body fat percentage, had significantly higher aBMD at the total hip

2020 Bone

30. The association between physical activity and body fat percentage with adjustment for body mass index among middle-aged adults: China health and nutrition survey in 2015. Full Text available with Trip Pro

The association between physical activity and body fat percentage with adjustment for body mass index among middle-aged adults: China health and nutrition survey in 2015. The inverse association between physical activity and body fat percentage (%) varies among different populations. We aim to examine whether the significant association between them was uniform across the subpopulations after taking into account body mass index (BMI).Our study relied on data from China Health and Nutrition (...) Surveys in 2015, including 5763 participants aged 40-64 years from 15 regions. Physical activity was calculated as metabolic equivalent task hours per day (MET·h/d). Body fat% was measured by bioelectrical impedance analysis. Body mass index < 24 kg/m2 was defined as normal weight and BMI ≥ 24 kg/m2 was overweight/obese. The effects of physical activity on body fat% were estimated using the Kruskal-Wallis test among sex, age, BMI groups, education, income, region and urbanization. Quantile regression

2020 BMC Public Health

31. Metabolic Impact of Body Fat Percentage Independent of Body Mass Index in Women with Obesity Remission After Gastric Bypass. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Metabolic Impact of Body Fat Percentage Independent of Body Mass Index in Women with Obesity Remission After Gastric Bypass. Body mass index (BMI) is central when evaluating treatment effect after gastric bypass. The metabolic impact of BMI-independent differences in body fat percentage (BF%) after gastric bypass is not fully understood. We compared metabolic and adipose tissue characteristics in women with high versus low BF% independent of BMI after obesity remission following gastric (...) bypass.A cohort of 215 women was included at baseline. A total of 166 women were re-examined 2 years after gastric bypass, whereof 130 had obesity remission (BMI < 30 kg/m2). Anthropometric parameters, blood pressure, and lipids were measured. Total and regional body fat mass was determined by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Insulin sensitivity was assessed by homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and hyperinsulinemic euglycemic clamp (M value). Adipocyte size and number were

2020 Obesity Surgery

32. Waist Circumference and its Changes Are More Strongly Associated with the Risk of Type 2 Diabetes than Body Mass Index and Changes in Body Weight in Chinese Adults. (Abstract)

Waist Circumference and its Changes Are More Strongly Associated with the Risk of Type 2 Diabetes than Body Mass Index and Changes in Body Weight in Chinese Adults. The associations of different adiposity indicators and short-term adiposity change with diabetes risk are not fully elucidated.We aimed to assess the independent and joint effects of different baseline adiposity indicators and short-term body adiposity change on the risk of type 2 diabetes.We prospectively followed 10,419 Chinese (...) ) were all positively associated with diabetes risk. The area under the curve was significantly greater for waist circumference (0.624) and WHtR (0.627) than for BMI (0.608) (P <0.05). Compared with subjects with stable adiposity levels (±2 kg or ± 3 cm in changes in body weight or waist circumference) from baseline to Year 1, those subjects with the most weight gain or the most waist circumference gain had a 1.53-fold or 1.37-fold greater risk of diabetes; those with the most weight loss had a 46

2020 Journal of Nutrition

33. Cohort study: Body mass index in adolescence may influence the risk of cardiovascular disease later in life

Cohort study: Body mass index in adolescence may influence the risk of cardiovascular disease later in life Body mass index in adolescence may influence the risk of cardiovascular disease later in life | Evidence-Based Nursing We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use cookies, please see our . Log in using your username and password For personal accounts (...) OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Body mass index in adolescence may influence the risk of cardiovascular disease later in life Article Text Health promotion and public health Cohort study Body mass index in adolescence may influence

2017 Evidence-Based Nursing

34. A Cross-Sectional Study Assessing the Contributions of Body Fat Mass and Fat-Free Mass to Body Mass Index Scores in Male Youth Rugby Players Full Text available with Trip Pro

A Cross-Sectional Study Assessing the Contributions of Body Fat Mass and Fat-Free Mass to Body Mass Index Scores in Male Youth Rugby Players In some sports such as rugby, a large body size is an advantage, and the desire to gain weight can bring young players to become overweight or obese. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of overweight and obesity and the contribution of body fat mass index (BFMI) and fat-free mass index (FFMI) to body mass index (BMI) changes among young (...) male rugby players (15-a-side rugby).The criteria of the International Obesity Task Force were used to define overweight and obesity from BMI. The method of skinfold thickness was used to assess percentage of body fat (%BF), BFMI, and FFMI. Excess body fat was defined by using BFMI and %BF above the 75th percentile. Data were grouped according to the age categories of the French Rugby Federation (U11, under 11 years; U13, under 13 years; U15, under 15 years) and to BMI status (NW normal-weight

2018 Sports medicine - open

35. Quantifying the impact of genes on body mass index during the obesity epidemic: longitudinal findings from the HUNT Study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Quantifying the impact of genes on body mass index during the obesity epidemic: longitudinal findings from the HUNT Study. To study the trajectories of body mass index (BMI) in Norway over five decades and to assess the differential influence of the obesogenic environment on BMI according to genetic predisposition.Longitudinal study.General population of Nord-Trøndelag County, Norway.118 959 people aged 13-80 years who participated in a longitudinal population based health study (Nord-Trøndelag

2019 BMJ

36. Potential roles of Helicobacter pylori treatment, body mass index and waist circumference in the causation of erosive esophagitis: a randomized clinical trial (HEROES-GERD) (Abstract)

Potential roles of Helicobacter pylori treatment, body mass index and waist circumference in the causation of erosive esophagitis: a randomized clinical trial (HEROES-GERD) In recent decades, the prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and obesity has been increasing while Helicobacter pylori infection has been decreasing.To evaluate if H. pylori treatment, excess body weight and other anthropometric measurements are associated with incident erosive esophagitis, as a secondary (...) % (380/404) of patients. The 12-month follow-up esophagitis rates for overweight and normal body weight patients were 13.6% (29/213) and 6.0% (10/167), respectively (p = 0.015); rates for patients with and without increased baseline waist circumference were 15.4% (24/156) and 6.7% (15/224), respectively (p = 0.006). Following logistic regression, only the combination of increased baseline body mass index and waist, but not H. pylori treatment, was independently associated with new-onset esophagitis

2019 EvidenceUpdates

37. Body mass index thresholds for intervening to prevent ill health among black, Asian and other minority ethnic groups

Body mass index thresholds for intervening to prevent ill health among black, Asian and other minority ethnic groups Body mass index thresholds for intervening to prevent ill health among black, Asian and other minority ethnic groups | Advice | NICE Body mass index thresholds for intervening to prevent ill health among black, Asian and other minority ethnic groups Local government briefing [LGB13] Published date: January 2014 Advice Between 2012 and 2015 we developed a series of local

2014 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Advice

38. Fitness and Body Mass Index During Adolescence and Disability Later in Life: A Cohort Study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Fitness and Body Mass Index During Adolescence and Disability Later in Life: A Cohort Study. Low physical fitness, obesity, and the combination of the two in adolescence may be related to risk for disability in adulthood, but this has rarely been studied.To examine individual and combined associations of cardiorespiratory fitness and obesity in male adolescents with later receipt of a disability pension due to all and specific causes.Population-based cohort study.Sweden.1 079 128 Swedish (...) adolescents aged 16 to 19 years who were conscripted into the military between 1972 and 1994.Cardiorespiratory fitness and body mass index (BMI) were measured at conscription and were related to information on later receipt of a disability pension obtained from the Social Insurance Agency.Over a median follow-up of 28.3 years, 54 304 men were granted a disability pension. Low cardiorespiratory fitness was strongly associated with later receipt of a disability pension due to all causes (hazard ratio, 3.74

2019 Annals of Internal Medicine

39. Body mass index and all cause mortality in HUNT and UK Biobank studies: linear and non-linear mendelian randomisation analyses. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Body mass index and all cause mortality in HUNT and UK Biobank studies: linear and non-linear mendelian randomisation analyses. To investigate the shape of the causal relation between body mass index (BMI) and mortality.Linear and non-linear mendelian randomisation analyses.Nord-Trøndelag Health (HUNT) Study (Norway) and UK Biobank (United Kingdom).Middle to early late aged participants of European descent: 56 150 from the HUNT Study and 366 385 from UK Biobank.All cause and cause specific

2019 BMJ

40. Effect of Integrated Behavioral Weight Loss Treatment and Problem-Solving Therapy on Body Mass Index and Depressive Symptoms Among Patients With Obesity and Depression: The RAINBOW Randomized Clinical Trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effect of Integrated Behavioral Weight Loss Treatment and Problem-Solving Therapy on Body Mass Index and Depressive Symptoms Among Patients With Obesity and Depression: The RAINBOW Randomized Clinical Trial. Coexisting obesity and depression exacerbate morbidity and disability, but effective treatments remain elusive.To test the hypothesis that an integrated collaborative care intervention would significantly improve both obesity and depression at 12 months compared with usual care.The Research (...) Aimed at Improving Both Mood and Weight (RAINBOW) randomized clinical trial enrolled 409 adults with body mass indices (BMIs) of 30 or greater (≥27 for Asian adults) and 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) scores of 10 or greater. Primary care patients at a health system in Northern California were recruited from September 30, 2014, to January 12, 2017; the date of final 12-month follow-up was January 17, 2018.All participants randomly assigned to the intervention (n = 204) or the usual care

2019 JAMA Controlled trial quality: predicted high

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