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Body Mass Index

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21. Cohort study: Body mass index in adolescence may influence the risk of cardiovascular disease later in life

Cohort study: Body mass index in adolescence may influence the risk of cardiovascular disease later in life Body mass index in adolescence may influence the risk of cardiovascular disease later in life | Evidence-Based Nursing We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use cookies, please see our . Log in using your username and password For personal accounts (...) OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Body mass index in adolescence may influence the risk of cardiovascular disease later in life Article Text Health promotion and public health Cohort study Body mass index in adolescence may influence

2017 Evidence-Based Nursing

22. A Cross-Sectional Study Assessing the Contributions of Body Fat Mass and Fat-Free Mass to Body Mass Index Scores in Male Youth Rugby Players Full Text available with Trip Pro

A Cross-Sectional Study Assessing the Contributions of Body Fat Mass and Fat-Free Mass to Body Mass Index Scores in Male Youth Rugby Players In some sports such as rugby, a large body size is an advantage, and the desire to gain weight can bring young players to become overweight or obese. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of overweight and obesity and the contribution of body fat mass index (BFMI) and fat-free mass index (FFMI) to body mass index (BMI) changes among young (...) male rugby players (15-a-side rugby).The criteria of the International Obesity Task Force were used to define overweight and obesity from BMI. The method of skinfold thickness was used to assess percentage of body fat (%BF), BFMI, and FFMI. Excess body fat was defined by using BFMI and %BF above the 75th percentile. Data were grouped according to the age categories of the French Rugby Federation (U11, under 11 years; U13, under 13 years; U15, under 15 years) and to BMI status (NW normal-weight

2018 Sports medicine - open

23. Quantifying the impact of genes on body mass index during the obesity epidemic: longitudinal findings from the HUNT Study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Quantifying the impact of genes on body mass index during the obesity epidemic: longitudinal findings from the HUNT Study. To study the trajectories of body mass index (BMI) in Norway over five decades and to assess the differential influence of the obesogenic environment on BMI according to genetic predisposition.Longitudinal study.General population of Nord-Trøndelag County, Norway.118 959 people aged 13-80 years who participated in a longitudinal population based health study (Nord-Trøndelag

2019 BMJ

24. Potential roles of Helicobacter pylori treatment, body mass index and waist circumference in the causation of erosive esophagitis: a randomized clinical trial (HEROES-GERD) (Abstract)

Potential roles of Helicobacter pylori treatment, body mass index and waist circumference in the causation of erosive esophagitis: a randomized clinical trial (HEROES-GERD) In recent decades, the prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and obesity has been increasing while Helicobacter pylori infection has been decreasing.To evaluate if H. pylori treatment, excess body weight and other anthropometric measurements are associated with incident erosive esophagitis, as a secondary (...) % (380/404) of patients. The 12-month follow-up esophagitis rates for overweight and normal body weight patients were 13.6% (29/213) and 6.0% (10/167), respectively (p = 0.015); rates for patients with and without increased baseline waist circumference were 15.4% (24/156) and 6.7% (15/224), respectively (p = 0.006). Following logistic regression, only the combination of increased baseline body mass index and waist, but not H. pylori treatment, was independently associated with new-onset esophagitis

2019 EvidenceUpdates

25. Body mass index thresholds for intervening to prevent ill health among black, Asian and other minority ethnic groups

Body mass index thresholds for intervening to prevent ill health among black, Asian and other minority ethnic groups Body mass index thresholds for intervening to prevent ill health among black, Asian and other minority ethnic groups | Advice | NICE Body mass index thresholds for intervening to prevent ill health among black, Asian and other minority ethnic groups Local government briefing [LGB13] Published date: January 2014 Advice Between 2012 and 2015 we developed a series of local

2014 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Advice

26. Fitness and Body Mass Index During Adolescence and Disability Later in Life: A Cohort Study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Fitness and Body Mass Index During Adolescence and Disability Later in Life: A Cohort Study. Low physical fitness, obesity, and the combination of the two in adolescence may be related to risk for disability in adulthood, but this has rarely been studied.To examine individual and combined associations of cardiorespiratory fitness and obesity in male adolescents with later receipt of a disability pension due to all and specific causes.Population-based cohort study.Sweden.1 079 128 Swedish (...) adolescents aged 16 to 19 years who were conscripted into the military between 1972 and 1994.Cardiorespiratory fitness and body mass index (BMI) were measured at conscription and were related to information on later receipt of a disability pension obtained from the Social Insurance Agency.Over a median follow-up of 28.3 years, 54 304 men were granted a disability pension. Low cardiorespiratory fitness was strongly associated with later receipt of a disability pension due to all causes (hazard ratio, 3.74

2019 Annals of Internal Medicine

27. Body mass index and all cause mortality in HUNT and UK Biobank studies: linear and non-linear mendelian randomisation analyses. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Body mass index and all cause mortality in HUNT and UK Biobank studies: linear and non-linear mendelian randomisation analyses. To investigate the shape of the causal relation between body mass index (BMI) and mortality.Linear and non-linear mendelian randomisation analyses.Nord-Trøndelag Health (HUNT) Study (Norway) and UK Biobank (United Kingdom).Middle to early late aged participants of European descent: 56 150 from the HUNT Study and 366 385 from UK Biobank.All cause and cause specific

2019 BMJ

28. Effect of Integrated Behavioral Weight Loss Treatment and Problem-Solving Therapy on Body Mass Index and Depressive Symptoms Among Patients With Obesity and Depression: The RAINBOW Randomized Clinical Trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effect of Integrated Behavioral Weight Loss Treatment and Problem-Solving Therapy on Body Mass Index and Depressive Symptoms Among Patients With Obesity and Depression: The RAINBOW Randomized Clinical Trial. Coexisting obesity and depression exacerbate morbidity and disability, but effective treatments remain elusive.To test the hypothesis that an integrated collaborative care intervention would significantly improve both obesity and depression at 12 months compared with usual care.The Research (...) Aimed at Improving Both Mood and Weight (RAINBOW) randomized clinical trial enrolled 409 adults with body mass indices (BMIs) of 30 or greater (≥27 for Asian adults) and 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) scores of 10 or greater. Primary care patients at a health system in Northern California were recruited from September 30, 2014, to January 12, 2017; the date of final 12-month follow-up was January 17, 2018.All participants randomly assigned to the intervention (n = 204) or the usual care

2019 JAMA Controlled trial quality: predicted high

29. Body Mass, Total Body Fat Percentage, and Visceral Fat Level Predict Insulin Resistance Better Than Waist Circumference and Body Mass Index in Healthy Young Male Adults in Indonesia Full Text available with Trip Pro

Body Mass, Total Body Fat Percentage, and Visceral Fat Level Predict Insulin Resistance Better Than Waist Circumference and Body Mass Index in Healthy Young Male Adults in Indonesia The incidence of obesity which leads to insulin resistance (IR) and metabolic disorder is increasing in developing countries, including Indonesia. Male adults have a higher risk of abdominal obesity than females. This is associated with cardiometabolic disorders. Several anthropometric measurements have been (...) proposed to predict IR. The aim of this study was to investigate whether body mass, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), body fat percentage (BF) or visceral fat level (VF) could become a better predictor of IR in healthy young male adults. A total of 140 healthy young male adults ranging from 18⁻25 years were recruited in the study. Insulin resistance was measured by calculating their Homeostatic Model Assessment for Insulin Resistance (HOMA-IR). Subjects with a HOMA-IR value ≥75th

2018 Journal of clinical medicine

30. Beneficial Effects of ragi (Finger Millet) on Hematological Parameters, Body Mass Index, and Scholastic Performance among Anemic Adolescent High-School Girls (AHSG). (Abstract)

Beneficial Effects of ragi (Finger Millet) on Hematological Parameters, Body Mass Index, and Scholastic Performance among Anemic Adolescent High-School Girls (AHSG). Adolescence is a period characterized by rapid physical, emotional, and mental growth and changes potentially resulting in health challenges. Anemia, which is a fairly common complication in this age group, is reported to negatively affect the cognitive ability of adolescents. Traditionally, ragi (Finger millet: Eleusine coracana (...) ), a cereal available in India, has been recommended as nutritional supplement to combat anemia because of its high protein and mineral content as well as anti-microbial property. This study sought to establish the effect of ragi in improving hematological parameters, body mass index, and scholastic performance among adolescent school girls. Sixty adolescent girls were randomly selected and divided into intervention (n = 30) and control groups (n = 30). The effect of dietary supplementation of ragi

2018 Comprehensive child and adolescent nursing Controlled trial quality: uncertain

31. Relationship of body mass index to sleep duration, and current smoking among medical students in Tabuk City, Saudi Arabia Full Text available with Trip Pro

Relationship of body mass index to sleep duration, and current smoking among medical students in Tabuk City, Saudi Arabia Being overweight is associated with cardiometabolic risk, and lifestyles including smoking and good sleep hygiene are also implicated. We aimed to assess the dietary habit, time spent on social media, and sleep duration relationship to body mass index (BMI) among medical students in Tabuk, Saudi Arabia.A cross-sectional study was conducted among 147 clinical phase medical (...) was considered statistically significant.Participants consisted of 51% males, mean age (Mean ± SD) was 22.90±1.27 years, sleep duration was 7.50±2.17 hours, time spent on social media was 5.54±3.49 hours, body mass index was 24.8±5.19, and breakfast skipping, fast food consumption, smoking, and regular exercise were reported in 52.4%, 87.7%, 12.9%, and 36.1% respectively. A significant negative correlation was evident between BMI and sleep duration (r= -0.185, p=0.025), cigarette smokers were more likely

2018 Electronic physician

32. Influence of lifestyle factors on Body Mass Index in preschoolers in Behbahan city, southwest Iran, 2016 Full Text available with Trip Pro

Influence of lifestyle factors on Body Mass Index in preschoolers in Behbahan city, southwest Iran, 2016 The body mass index (BMI) of Iranian preschoolers is noticeably increasing. Thus, studying the factors influencing BMI in preschool children is crucial. The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of lifestyle factors on BMI of preschool children, residing in Behbahan city, southwest Iran, in 2016.A total of 120 preschool children, aged 4 to 6 years, participated in this cross (...) activity and screen time affected the BMI (p<0.05), and the duration of physical activity had inverse relationship with obesity, and screen time was directly related to obesity.Understanding the factors affecting the BMI of preschool children can inform the development of interventions to impact children's weight-related behavior and it can be used as the basis for future healthy body weight policies. Efforts to lower the obesity rate of preschoolers should be focused on the lifestyle behaviors

2018 Electronic physician

33. Influence of body mass index on the therapeutic efficacy of gemcitabine plus cisplatin and overall survival in lung squamous cell carcinoma Full Text available with Trip Pro

Influence of body mass index on the therapeutic efficacy of gemcitabine plus cisplatin and overall survival in lung squamous cell carcinoma Gemcitabine plus cisplatin (GP) is commonly used to treat lung squamous cell carcinoma (SCC); however, it is not clear which subgroup of lung SCC patients could benefit most from GP treatment. We explored the predictive factors in lung SCC patient cohorts.Seventy-eight lung SCC patients treated with a first-line GP regimen were enrolled (...) in this retrospective cohort study. Progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Classification tree models were used to explore the risk factors for PFS and OS in these patients.The median PFS and OS in SCC patients treated with a GP regimen were 6.0 and 13.6 months, respectively. Three terminal subgroups were formed for both PFS and OS. The subgroup with a body mass index (BMI) > 23.94 kg/m2 and aged ≤ 54.5 had the longest PFS (9.0 months); the subgroup

2018 Thoracic cancer

34. Socioeconomic inequalities in childhood and adolescent body-mass index, weight, and height from 1953 to 2015: an analysis of four longitudinal, observational, British birth cohort studies Full Text available with Trip Pro

Socioeconomic inequalities in childhood and adolescent body-mass index, weight, and height from 1953 to 2015: an analysis of four longitudinal, observational, British birth cohort studies Socioeconomic inequalities in childhood body-mass index (BMI) have been documented in high-income countries; however, uncertainty exists with regard to how they have changed over time, how inequalities in the composite parts (ie, weight and height) of BMI have changed, and whether inequalities differ

2018 The Lancet. Public health

35. The power of social networks and social support in promotion of physical activity and body mass index among African American adults Full Text available with Trip Pro

The power of social networks and social support in promotion of physical activity and body mass index among African American adults Social support and social networks can elucidate important structural and functional aspects of social relationships that are associated with health-promoting behaviors, including Physical Activity (PA) and weight. A growing number of studies have investigated the relationship between social support, social networks, PA and obesity specifically among African (...) Americans; however, the evidence is mixed and many studies focus exclusively on African American women. Most studies have also focused on either functional or structural aspects of social relationships (but not both) and few have objectively measured moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and body mass index (BMI). Cross-sectional surveys of adult African American men and women living in two low-income predominantly African American neighborhoods in Pittsburgh, PA (N = 799) measured numerous

2018 SSM - population health

36. How does grazing relate to body mass index, self-compassion, mindfulness and mindful eating in a student population? Full Text available with Trip Pro

How does grazing relate to body mass index, self-compassion, mindfulness and mindful eating in a student population? Contemporary research investigating obesity has focused on grazing (i.e. an uncontrolled and repetitive consumption of small amounts of food). Meanwhile, constructs such as mindfulness, mindful eating and self-compassion have received much attention in assisting individuals with eating behaviours and weight regulation. The association between those constructs and grazing, however

2018 Health psychology open

37. Fat Mass Index and Body Mass Index Affect Peak Metabolic Equivalent Negatively during Exercise Test among Children and Adolescents in Taiwan Full Text available with Trip Pro

Fat Mass Index and Body Mass Index Affect Peak Metabolic Equivalent Negatively during Exercise Test among Children and Adolescents in Taiwan Peak metabolic equivalent (MET) is the most reliable indicator of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF). The aim of this study was to examine the association between CRF indicated by peak MET and body mass index (BMI) or fat mass index (FMI) in Taiwanese children and adolescents (C-A). Data of 638 C-A aged 10-18 that received symptom-limited treadmill exercise (...) testing was analyzed. Anthropometry-body composition was measured by vector bioelectrical impedance analysis. BMI was defined as body weight (kg)/body height (m)² and FMI was defined as fat mass (kg)/body height (m)². BMI was grouped by Taiwanese obesity cut-off points. FMI Class-I was categorized by percentage of body fat. FMI Class-II used the reference values from Korean C-A. Excess adiposity was defined as (1) "overweight" and "obesity" by BMI, (2) greater than the sex- and age-specific 75th

2018 International journal of environmental research and public health

38. Comparison of body composition assessment by DXA and BIA according to the body mass index: A retrospective study on 3655 measures. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Comparison of body composition assessment by DXA and BIA according to the body mass index: A retrospective study on 3655 measures. Body composition assessment is often used in clinical practice for nutritional evaluation and monitoring. The standard method, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), is hardly feasible in routine clinical practice contrary to Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis (BIA) method. We thus aimed to compare body composition assessment by DXA and BIA according to the body mass (...) index (BMI) in a large cohort.Retrospectively, we analysed DXA and BIA measures in patients followed in a Nutrition Unit from 2010 to 2016. Body composition was assessed under standardized conditions in the morning, after a fasting period of 12 h, by DXA (Lunar Prodigy Advance) and BIA (Bodystat QuadScan 4000, Manufacturer's equation). Bland-Altman test was performed for each class of BMI (kg/m2) and fat mass and fat free mass values were compared using Kruskal-Wallis test. Pearson correlations were

2018 PLoS ONE

39. Validity of DXA body volume equations in a four-compartment model for adults with varying body mass index and waist circumference classifications. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Validity of DXA body volume equations in a four-compartment model for adults with varying body mass index and waist circumference classifications. The purpose of this investigation was to determine the validity of 4-compartment (4C) model body fat percent (BF%) estimates when using dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) derived body volume (BV) equations (4C-DXA1 and 4C-DXA2) in adults with varying body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) classifications. Each model was compared

2018 PLoS ONE

40. Prediction of Mortality with A Body Shape Index in Young Asians: Comparison with Body Mass Index and Waist Circumference. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Prediction of Mortality with A Body Shape Index in Young Asians: Comparison with Body Mass Index and Waist Circumference. This paper investigated the impact of A Body Shape Index (ABSI) on the risk of all-cause mortality compared with the impact of waist circumference (WC) and body mass index (BMI).This paper reviewed data of 213,569 Korean adults who participated in health checkups between 2002 and 2012 at Kangbuk Samsung Hospital in Seoul, Korea. A multivariate Cox proportional hazard

2018 Obesity

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