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Body Mass Index

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21. The effect of catch-up growth on body mass index and percent body fat: a meta-analysis

The effect of catch-up growth on body mass index and percent body fat: a meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites (...) or drug class or dose) and effect size. They should be considered hypothesis-generating. Ideally, a threshold describing the number of studies per subgroup required for analysis should be specified. For further guidance please refer to the and to pre-clinical meta-analysis. Example: The following study characteristics will be examined as potential source of heterogeneity: species (stratified per species); sex (stratified per sex); duration of index ischemia (linear); stem cell dose (linear); blinding

2019 PROSPERO

22. Does synbiotics supplementation affect body weight, body mass index, and hs-CRP in patients with type 2 diabetes? A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Does synbiotics supplementation affect body weight, body mass index, and hs-CRP in patients with type 2 diabetes? A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility (...) species); sex (stratified per sex); duration of index ischemia (linear); stem cell dose (linear); blinding of outcome assessment reported (stratified yes vs no). For stratified analyses, a minimum number of 8 studies per subgroup is required. ">Subgroup analyses A sensitivity analysis is conducted to assess the impact of decisions taken in the review process on the meta-analysis outcome. These decisions may have been made in various stages of the review, e.g. the decision to exclude certain disease

2019 PROSPERO

23. Fitness and Body Mass Index During Adolescence and Disability Later in Life: A Cohort Study. (PubMed)

Fitness and Body Mass Index During Adolescence and Disability Later in Life: A Cohort Study. Low physical fitness, obesity, and the combination of the two in adolescence may be related to risk for disability in adulthood, but this has rarely been studied.To examine individual and combined associations of cardiorespiratory fitness and obesity in male adolescents with later receipt of a disability pension due to all and specific causes.Population-based cohort study.Sweden.1 079 128 Swedish (...) adolescents aged 16 to 19 years who were conscripted into the military between 1972 and 1994.Cardiorespiratory fitness and body mass index (BMI) were measured at conscription and were related to information on later receipt of a disability pension obtained from the Social Insurance Agency.Over a median follow-up of 28.3 years, 54 304 men were granted a disability pension. Low cardiorespiratory fitness was strongly associated with later receipt of a disability pension due to all causes (hazard ratio, 3.74

2019 Annals of Internal Medicine

24. Potential roles of Helicobacter pylori treatment, body mass index and waist circumference in the causation of erosive esophagitis: a randomized clinical trial (HEROES-GERD)

Potential roles of Helicobacter pylori treatment, body mass index and waist circumference in the causation of erosive esophagitis: a randomized clinical trial (HEROES-GERD) In recent decades, the prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and obesity has been increasing while Helicobacter pylori infection has been decreasing.To evaluate if H. pylori treatment, excess body weight and other anthropometric measurements are associated with incident erosive esophagitis, as a secondary (...) % (380/404) of patients. The 12-month follow-up esophagitis rates for overweight and normal body weight patients were 13.6% (29/213) and 6.0% (10/167), respectively (p = 0.015); rates for patients with and without increased baseline waist circumference were 15.4% (24/156) and 6.7% (15/224), respectively (p = 0.006). Following logistic regression, only the combination of increased baseline body mass index and waist, but not H. pylori treatment, was independently associated with new-onset esophagitis

2019 EvidenceUpdates

25. Body mass index and all cause mortality in HUNT and UK Biobank studies: linear and non-linear mendelian randomisation analyses. (PubMed)

Body mass index and all cause mortality in HUNT and UK Biobank studies: linear and non-linear mendelian randomisation analyses. To investigate the shape of the causal relation between body mass index (BMI) and mortality.Linear and non-linear mendelian randomisation analyses.Nord-Trøndelag Health (HUNT) Study (Norway) and UK Biobank (United Kingdom).Middle to early late aged participants of European descent: 56 150 from the HUNT Study and 366 385 from UK Biobank.All cause and cause specific

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2019 BMJ

26. Effect of Integrated Behavioral Weight Loss Treatment and Problem-Solving Therapy on Body Mass Index and Depressive Symptoms Among Patients With Obesity and Depression: The RAINBOW Randomized Clinical Trial. (PubMed)

Effect of Integrated Behavioral Weight Loss Treatment and Problem-Solving Therapy on Body Mass Index and Depressive Symptoms Among Patients With Obesity and Depression: The RAINBOW Randomized Clinical Trial. Coexisting obesity and depression exacerbate morbidity and disability, but effective treatments remain elusive.To test the hypothesis that an integrated collaborative care intervention would significantly improve both obesity and depression at 12 months compared with usual care.The Research (...) Aimed at Improving Both Mood and Weight (RAINBOW) randomized clinical trial enrolled 409 adults with body mass indices (BMIs) of 30 or greater (≥27 for Asian adults) and 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) scores of 10 or greater. Primary care patients at a health system in Northern California were recruited from September 30, 2014, to January 12, 2017; the date of final 12-month follow-up was January 17, 2018.All participants randomly assigned to the intervention (n = 204) or the usual care

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2019 JAMA Controlled trial quality: predicted high

27. Quantifying the impact of genes on body mass index during the obesity epidemic: longitudinal findings from the HUNT Study. (PubMed)

Quantifying the impact of genes on body mass index during the obesity epidemic: longitudinal findings from the HUNT Study. To study the trajectories of body mass index (BMI) in Norway over five decades and to assess the differential influence of the obesogenic environment on BMI according to genetic predisposition.Longitudinal study.General population of Nord-Trøndelag County, Norway.118 959 people aged 13-80 years who participated in a longitudinal population based health study (Nord-Trøndelag

2019 BMJ

28. Effect of Gestational Weight Gain and Prepregnancy Body Mass Index in Adolescent Mothers on Weight and Body Mass Index of Adolescent Offspring. (PubMed)

Effect of Gestational Weight Gain and Prepregnancy Body Mass Index in Adolescent Mothers on Weight and Body Mass Index of Adolescent Offspring. The purpose of the study was to examine the association of the gestational weight gain and prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) of low-income adolescent mothers with the risk of their children being overweight and/or obese in late adolescence.Study subjects were low-income, primiparous adolescents (n = 360) who self-identified as black and participated

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2017 The Journal of Adolescent Health

29. Association of Childhood Body Mass Index and Change in Body Mass Index With First Adult Ischemic Stroke. (PubMed)

Association of Childhood Body Mass Index and Change in Body Mass Index With First Adult Ischemic Stroke. The incidence of ischemic stroke among young adults is rising and is potentially due to an increase in stroke risk factors occurring at younger ages, such as obesity.To investigate whether childhood body mass index (BMI) and change in BMI are associated with adult ischemic stroke and to assess whether the associations are age dependent or influenced by birth weight.This investigation

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2017 JAMA neurology

30. Tri-Ponderal Mass Index vs Body Mass Index in Estimating Body Fat During Adolescence. (PubMed)

Tri-Ponderal Mass Index vs Body Mass Index in Estimating Body Fat During Adolescence. Body mass index (BMI) is used to diagnose obesity in adolescents worldwide, despite evidence that weight does not scale with height squared in adolescents. To account for this, health care providers diagnose obesity using BMI percentiles for each age (BMI z scores), but this does not ensure that BMI is accurate in adolescents.To compare the accuracy of BMI vs other body fat indices of the form body mass (...) divided by heightn in estimating body fat levels in adolescents.Cross-sectional data from the 1999 to 2006 US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were analyzed between September 2015 and December 2016.Dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry and anthropometric data were used to determine changes in body fat levels, body proportions, and the scaling relationships among body mass, height, and percent body fat. To assess the merits of each adiposity index, 3 criteria were used: stability with age

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2017 JAMA pediatrics

32. Fat Mass Index and Body Mass Index Affect Peak Metabolic Equivalent Negatively during Exercise Test among Children and Adolescents in Taiwan (PubMed)

Fat Mass Index and Body Mass Index Affect Peak Metabolic Equivalent Negatively during Exercise Test among Children and Adolescents in Taiwan Peak metabolic equivalent (MET) is the most reliable indicator of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF). The aim of this study was to examine the association between CRF indicated by peak MET and body mass index (BMI) or fat mass index (FMI) in Taiwanese children and adolescents (C-A). Data of 638 C-A aged 10-18 that received symptom-limited treadmill exercise (...) testing was analyzed. Anthropometry-body composition was measured by vector bioelectrical impedance analysis. BMI was defined as body weight (kg)/body height (m)² and FMI was defined as fat mass (kg)/body height (m)². BMI was grouped by Taiwanese obesity cut-off points. FMI Class-I was categorized by percentage of body fat. FMI Class-II used the reference values from Korean C-A. Excess adiposity was defined as (1) "overweight" and "obesity" by BMI, (2) greater than the sex- and age-specific 75th

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2018 International journal of environmental research and public health

33. Association of Systemic Inflammation Index and Body Mass Index With Survival in Patients With Renal Cell Cancer Treated With Nivolumab. (PubMed)

Association of Systemic Inflammation Index and Body Mass Index With Survival in Patients With Renal Cell Cancer Treated With Nivolumab. Inflammation indexes and body mass index (BMI) are easily evaluated, predict survival and are potentially modifiable. We evaluated the potential association of inflammatory indexes and BMI with the clinical outcome of patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) undergoing immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy.A prospective cohort of patients with metastatic RCC

2019 Clinical Cancer Research

34. Ponderal index classifies obesity in children and adolescents more accurately than body mass index z-scores. (PubMed)

Ponderal index classifies obesity in children and adolescents more accurately than body mass index z-scores. We aimed to compare the accuracy of the ponderal index (PI) vs. BMI-for-age z-scores transformed (BMIz) in estimating body fat levels and classifying obesity in children and adolescents from a Brazilian urban population.This is a cross-sectional study with 1149 participants (53.2% male), aged 6 to 18 years. Body fat percent (BFP) was obtained by multi-frequency bioelectrical impedance (...) by PI (R2 = 0.73 and R2 = 0.75) for boys and girls, respectively. False positive rate was higher for BMIz compared with PI among boys (21.8% vs. 3.9%) and girls (28.5% vs. 17.5%).PI is a promising index for replacing BMIz in children and adolescents due to its potential to reduce false diagnosis of obesity.

2019 Pediatric Research

35. Effects of Tai Chi therapy on body mass index and physical index of intellectual disability. (PubMed)

Effects of Tai Chi therapy on body mass index and physical index of intellectual disability. Continuous program development and application are necessary in order to manage the health and address the problems of secondary metabolic disorders for people with intellectual disabilities. This study examines the effects of Tai Chi therapy on body mass index (BMI) and physical index among people with intellectual disabilities.A quasi-experimental study using a pretest-post-test control group, non (...) hour each) by one professional instructor. Measures were general characteristics of study participants, BMI as degree of obesity, and physical index. Data were analyzed using the SPSS 21.0 program (descriptive statistics, χ2 test, independent t test). A P value of less than .05 was considered statistically significant.There were statistically significant differences on fasting blood glucose (t = 4.351, P < .001) and high-density lipoprotein (t = -2.052, P = .043) in the physical index between

2019 Japan journal of nursing science : JJNS Controlled trial quality: uncertain

36. More Frequent Intake of Regular Meals and Less Frequent Snacking Are Weakly Associated with Lower Long-Term Gains in Body Mass Index and Fat Mass in Middle-Aged Men and Women. (PubMed)

More Frequent Intake of Regular Meals and Less Frequent Snacking Are Weakly Associated with Lower Long-Term Gains in Body Mass Index and Fat Mass in Middle-Aged Men and Women. Few studies have examined the relationship between eating frequency and long-term change in body weight, and the results have been inconsistent.We examined the associations between eating frequency and 6-y changes in body mass index (BMI; in kg/m2), fat mass, fat-free mass, body fat percentage, and waist circumference.The (...) study consisted of Danish men (n = 1080) and women (n = 1044) aged 35-67 y with repeated measures of eating frequency, adiposity, and covariates during 11 y. Multiple linear regression was used to assess the associations between baseline eating frequency and subsequent change in BMI, fat mass, fat-free mass, fat percentage, and waist circumference, as well as the association between initial change in eating frequency and subsequent change in the same outcomes.Total baseline eating frequency

2019 Journal of Nutrition

37. Extracellular mass to body cell mass ratio as a potential index of wasting and fluid overload in hemodialysis patients. A case-control study. (PubMed)

Extracellular mass to body cell mass ratio as a potential index of wasting and fluid overload in hemodialysis patients. A case-control study. Extracellular mass-to-body cell mass ratio (ECM/BCM ratio) which differentiates the proportion between intraextracellular compartments, could be a nutrition index of being wasted overloaded in hemodialysis (HD) patients. This study aimed to describe a cut-off point of the ECM/BCM ratio and, to find out the relationship between the nutritional-hydration (...) logistic regression for the ECM/BCM ratio ≥1.20 was performed.Median of ECM/BCM ratio was 1.50 (IQR:0.66) in HD patients, whereas 0.87 (IQR: 0.35) was found in controls (p < 0.001). HD-patients had lower body weight, serum albumin (s-albumin) and higher serum C-reactive protein (s-CRP) than controls. By ROC curve analysis, a cut-off point of 1.20 for the ECM/BCM ratio best discriminates to be wasted-overhydrated (sensitivity: 81.2%; specificity: 87.5%). Conditional logistic regression showed

2019 Clinical nutrition (Edinburgh, Scotland)

38. Associations of body adiposity index, waist circumference, and body mass index in young adults. (PubMed)

Associations of body adiposity index, waist circumference, and body mass index in young adults. The Body Adiposity Index (BAI) is an anthropometric measure developed to estimate body composition in field settings. Although this novel measure has been validated against clinical measures of adiposity (%Fat), the relative accuracy of other anthropometric measures, such as Body Mass Index (BMI), and waist circumference (WC), have not been assessed in comparison to the BAI using a 4-compartment (4C (...) ) model.The primary aim of this study was to examine the association between BMI, WC, BAI, and %Fat in young adults, and determine the relative accuracy of each anthropometric measure when predicting %Fat.BMI, WC, and BAI were assessed in a sample of young adults (n = 188, 48.4% female, 21.8 ± 4.8 years). %Fat assessed using the 4C model was derived from underwater weighing for body density, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry for bone mineral content, and bioimpedance spectroscopy for total body water

2018 Clinical nutrition (Edinburgh, Scotland)

39. Prediction of Mortality with A Body Shape Index in Young Asians: Comparison with Body Mass Index and Waist Circumference. (PubMed)

Prediction of Mortality with A Body Shape Index in Young Asians: Comparison with Body Mass Index and Waist Circumference. This paper investigated the impact of A Body Shape Index (ABSI) on the risk of all-cause mortality compared with the impact of waist circumference (WC) and body mass index (BMI).This paper reviewed data of 213,569 Korean adults who participated in health checkups between 2002 and 2012 at Kangbuk Samsung Hospital in Seoul, Korea. A multivariate Cox proportional hazard

2018 Obesity

40. In response to 'Effects of probiotics on body weight, body mass index, fat mass and fat percentage in subjects with overweight or obesity: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials'.

In response to 'Effects of probiotics on body weight, body mass index, fat mass and fat percentage in subjects with overweight or obesity: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials'. 29520962 2019 02 12 1467-789X 19 8 2018 08 Obesity reviews : an official journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity Obes Rev In response to 'Effects of probiotics on body weight, body mass index, fat mass and fat percentage in subjects with overweight or obesity

2018 Obesity reviews : an official journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity

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