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Body Mass Index

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221. Body Mass Index and Lymphedema Morbidity: Comparison of Obese Versus Normal-Weighted Patients. (Abstract)

Body Mass Index and Lymphedema Morbidity: Comparison of Obese Versus Normal-Weighted Patients. Obesity is a risk factor for the development of secondary lymphedema after axillary lymphadenectomy and radiation. The purpose of the study was to determine if obesity influences the morbidity of lymphedema in patients who have the condition.Two cohorts of patients were compared: Group 1 = normal weight, body mass index (BMI kg/m) ≤25; Group 2 = obese (BMI ≥30). Inclusion criteria were patients ≥ 21

2020 Plastic and reconstructive surgery

222. High body mass index hinders fibrosis improvement in patients receiving long-term tenofovir therapy in hepatitis B virus-related cirrhosis. (Abstract)

High body mass index hinders fibrosis improvement in patients receiving long-term tenofovir therapy in hepatitis B virus-related cirrhosis. Long-term suppression of hepatitis B virus with tenofovir (TDF) induces fibrosis regression, and repeated liver stiffness (LS) measurement can indicate the improvement of fibrosis. We aimed to investigate predictors for LS improvement assessed by changes in patients receiving long-term TDF therapy in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) with liver cirrhosis. CHB (...) ), and 96 (73.3%) patients have achieved LS improvement. Predictors associated with improvement of LS were low body mass index (BMI), HBeAg positivity, and low CAP value at baseline. In multivariate analysis, low BMI was a single factor independently associated with LS improvement (odds ratio 0.680, 95% CI 0.560-0.825, P < .001). Patients with BMI < 23.5, had a 1.96 times more chance of achieving LS improvement compared to those with BMI ≥ 23.5 (90.1% vs. 46.0%, P = .001). High BMI was a single

2020 Journal of viral hepatitis

223. Body mass index and noninfectious comorbidity in HIV-positive patients commencing antiretroviral therapy in Zimbabwe. (Abstract)

Body mass index and noninfectious comorbidity in HIV-positive patients commencing antiretroviral therapy in Zimbabwe. The aim of the study was to describe the prevalence of elevated body mass index (BMI) in a cohort of treatment-naïve people living with HIV (PLWH) and to investigate the association of BMI with CD4 count and noninfectious comorbidities including hypertension and renal impairment.A retrospective cohort study of 1598 PLWH at the Newlands Clinic in Harare, Zimbabwe was carried out

2020 HIV medicine

224. The effect of body mass index on outcomes following severe blunt chest trauma. (Abstract)

The effect of body mass index on outcomes following severe blunt chest trauma. Obesity has been described as a significant risk factor for adverse outcomes in hospitalized patients. However, recent literature reports an "obesity paradox", suggesting that obesity may have a protective effect in a subset of surgical and critically ill patients. The present study assesses the effect of body mass index (BMI) on outcomes following severe isolated blunt chest trauma.This was a TQIP database study

2020 Injury

225. The Relative Contribution of Socioeconomic and Genetic Factors to Variation in Body Mass Index among Young Adults. (Abstract)

The Relative Contribution of Socioeconomic and Genetic Factors to Variation in Body Mass Index among Young Adults. In light of recent findings on the small proportion of variance in body mass index (BMI) explained by shared environment, and growing interests in the role of genetic susceptibility, we assess the relative contribution of socioeconomic status (SES) and genome-wide polygenic score for BMI to explaining variation in BMI. Our final analytic sample included 4,918 white and 1,546 black

2020 American Journal of Epidemiology

226. Higher body mass index is associated with reinterventions and lower maturation rates after upper extremity arteriovenous access creation. (Full text)

Higher body mass index is associated with reinterventions and lower maturation rates after upper extremity arteriovenous access creation. A patient's body mass index (BMI) can affect both perioperative and postoperative outcomes across all surgical specialties. Given that obesity and end-stage renal disease are growing in prevalence, we aimed to evaluate the association between BMI and outcomes of upper extremity arteriovenous (AV) access creation.A retrospective single-institution review

2020 Journal of Vascular Surgery PubMed abstract

227. Relationship of Body Mass Index With Outcomes After Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement: Results From the National Cardiovascular Data-STS/ACC TVT Registry. (Full text)

Relationship of Body Mass Index With Outcomes After Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement: Results From the National Cardiovascular Data-STS/ACC TVT Registry. To investigate the relationship of body mass index (BMI) with short- and long-term outcomes after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR).The relationship between BMI and baseline characteristics and procedural characteristics was assessed for 31,929 patients who underwent TAVR between November 1, 2011, and March 31, 2015, from

2020 Mayo Clinic Proceedings PubMed abstract

228. Maternal Gestational Diabetes Mellitus Modifies the Relationship Between Genetically Determined Body Mass Index During Pregnancy and Childhood Obesity. (Abstract)

Maternal Gestational Diabetes Mellitus Modifies the Relationship Between Genetically Determined Body Mass Index During Pregnancy and Childhood Obesity. To analyze the interactions between maternal gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and genetically determined maternal body mass index (BMI) during pregnancy on offspring childhood obesity.A total of 1114 Chinese mother-child pairs (560 GDM and 554 non-GDM) were included between August 2009 and July 2011. Maternal genetic risk score (GRS) of BMI (...) during pregnancy was derived on the basis of 12 single nucleotide polymorphisms identified from a genome-wide association study. Offspring's BMI, BMI-for-age z score, weight, weight-for-age z score, waist circumference, sum of skinfolds, and body fat percentage during childhood were measured or calculated.Maternal GRS of BMI during pregnancy significantly interacted with maternal GDM status on childhood risks of overweight and obesity (all P for interaction <.05). After multivariable adjustment, per

2020 Mayo Clinic Proceedings

229. The Potential Effects of Imposing a Body Mass Index Threshold on Patient-Reported Outcomes After Total Knee Arthroplasty. (Abstract)

The Potential Effects of Imposing a Body Mass Index Threshold on Patient-Reported Outcomes After Total Knee Arthroplasty. Operative eligibility thresholds based on body mass index (BMI) alone may risk restricting access to improved pain control, function, and quality of life. This study evaluated the use of BMI-cutoffs to offering TKA in avoiding: 1) 90-day readmission, 2) one-year mortality, and 3) failure to achieve clinically important one-year PROMS improvement (MCID).A total of 4126

2020 Journal of Arthroplasty

230. Low Body Mass Index Is a Predictor for Mortality and Increased Length of Stay Following Total Joint Arthroplasty. (Abstract)

Low Body Mass Index Is a Predictor for Mortality and Increased Length of Stay Following Total Joint Arthroplasty. Malnutrition is a devastating condition which disproportionally affects the elderly population. Malnutrition furthers the pre-existing elevated risk for osteoarthritis in this population, thus exacerbating joint damage in patients and furthering the need for total joint arthroplasty (TJA). A marker for malnutrition is a low body mass index (BMI). The purpose of this study

2020 Journal of Arthroplasty

231. Effects of glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists liraglutide and semaglutide on cardiovascular and renal outcomes across body mass index categories in type 2 diabetes: Results of the LEADER and SUSTAIN 6 trials. (Full text)

Effects of glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists liraglutide and semaglutide on cardiovascular and renal outcomes across body mass index categories in type 2 diabetes: Results of the LEADER and SUSTAIN 6 trials. Associations between body mass index (BMI) and the cardiovascular (CV) and kidney efficacy of glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1 RAs) in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) are uncertain; therefore, data analysed separately from the Liraglutide Effect and Action

2020 obesity & metabolism PubMed abstract

232. Impact of lower body mass index on risk of all-cause mortality and infection-related death in Japanese chronic kidney disease patients. (Full text)

Impact of lower body mass index on risk of all-cause mortality and infection-related death in Japanese chronic kidney disease patients. Several studies have reported that lower body mass index (BMI) is associated with high mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Rate of infection-related death in CKD patients is increasing. However, the relationship between BMI and infection-related death is unclear.Overall, 2648 CKD outpatients (estimated glomerular filtration rate < 60 mL/min

2020 BMC Nephrology PubMed abstract

233. The prevalence and characteristics of non-functioning and autonomous cortisol secreting adrenal incidentaloma after patients' stratification by body mass index and age. (Full text)

The prevalence and characteristics of non-functioning and autonomous cortisol secreting adrenal incidentaloma after patients' stratification by body mass index and age. The escalating prevalence of adrenal incidentaloma (AI) has been associated with the improvement of radiologic techniques and widespread imaging in aging population. It is currently unclear whether patients with obesity more likely develop AI and the current rise in the prevalence of AI could be at least partly associated (...) with the respective rise in obesity. We compared the prevalence and characteristics of non-functional (NF) and autonomous cortisol secreting (ACS) adrenal incidentalomas (AIs) after the study population was stratified by different body mass indexes (BMI) and age groups.Retrospective cross-sectional study comprising of 432 patients (40.6% male, 59.4% female) with NFAI (N = 290) and ACS (N = 142), of median age 63.4 (54.0-71.6) years and median BMI 28.6 (25.5-31.7) kg/m2. The data collection contained 11.132 points

2020 BMC Endocrine Disorders PubMed abstract

234. Interaction between lipoprotein (a) levels and body mass index in first incident acute myocardial infarction. (Full text)

Interaction between lipoprotein (a) levels and body mass index in first incident acute myocardial infarction. Possible interaction between Lipoprotein (a) (Lp(a)) and body mass index (BMI) was investigated with regard to the risk of first incident acute myocardial infarction (AMI).Cross-sectional study of 1522 cases with initial AMI and 1691 controls without coronary artery disease (CAD) were retrospectively analyzed using logistic regression model. Subjects were categorized based on Lp

2020 BMC Cardiovascular Disorders PubMed abstract

235. The effects of body mass index on outcomes for patients undergoing surgical aortic valve replacement. (Full text)

The effects of body mass index on outcomes for patients undergoing surgical aortic valve replacement. Most of the studies of obesity and postoperative outcome have looked predominantly at coronary artery bypass grafting with fewer focused on valvular disease. The purpose of this study was to compare the outcomes of patients undergoing aortic valve replacement stratified by body mass index (BMI, kg/m^2).The Alberta Provincial Project for Outcome Assessment in Coronary Heart Disease registry

2020 BMC Cardiovascular Disorders PubMed abstract

236. Disordered Eating Behaviors and 15-year Trajectories in Body Mass Index: Findings From Project Eating and Activity in Teens and Young Adults (EAT). (Abstract)

Disordered Eating Behaviors and 15-year Trajectories in Body Mass Index: Findings From Project Eating and Activity in Teens and Young Adults (EAT). Disordered eating behaviors are prevalent among adolescents. Understanding how these behaviors link to body mass index (BMI) across different stages of development and over an extended period may provide insight for designing interventions around eating and weight. This study had two objectives: (1) to assess the distribution of disordered eating

2020 The Journal of Adolescent Health

237. Heavy Screen Use on Weekends in Childhood Predicts Increased Body Mass Index in Adolescence: A Three-Year Follow-Up Study. (Full text)

Heavy Screen Use on Weekends in Childhood Predicts Increased Body Mass Index in Adolescence: A Three-Year Follow-Up Study. We aimed to examine whether sedentary screen time changes when transitioning from childhood to adolescence and whether children's screen time, separately for school days and weekends, affects body mass index (BMI) in adolescents.This prospective 3-year follow-up study included 5,084 children with a mean (standard deviation) age of 11 (1) years at baseline and 14 (1) years

2020 The Journal of Adolescent Health PubMed abstract

238. The potential role of central obesity in male infertility: body mass index versus waist to hip ratio as they relate to selected semen parameters. (Full text)

The potential role of central obesity in male infertility: body mass index versus waist to hip ratio as they relate to selected semen parameters. Little is known about the potential role of central obesity among men. Our first aim was to confirm what is already known from prior research, namely that both BMI and WHR are inversely associated with selected semen parameters. Our second aim was to examine the potential role of central obesity by assessing if there was a difference between BMI (...) and WHR regarding their relationships to these selected semen parameters.In this cross-sectional study between January 2011 to January 2018, we analyzed semen samples from 1169 patients who visited an andrology clinic in Budapest for infertility reasons. Variables assessed were: body measurements (height, weight, waist circumference, and hip circumference), and the results of semen analysis (sperm concentration, total sperm count, progressive sperm motility, and normal sperm morphology).The mean

2020 BMC Public Health PubMed abstract

239. Association between body mass index and ready-to-eat food consumption among sedentary staff in Nay Pyi Taw union territory, Myanmar. (Full text)

Association between body mass index and ready-to-eat food consumption among sedentary staff in Nay Pyi Taw union territory, Myanmar. Ready-to-eat (RTE) food consumption has become popular in the working community with the increase in full-time jobs and the limited time to prepare food. Although RTE food is essential for this community, its consumption causes obesity. In Myanmar, obesity is a modifiable risk factor for non-communicable diseases, causing increases in morbidity and mortality (...) . This study aimed to identify the association between body mass index (BMI) and RTE food consumption among sedentary staff in Nay Pyi Taw Union Territory, Myanmar.A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2018, in which 400 respondents participated in face-to-face interviews. The study area was selected using simple random sampling and drawing method. Measuring tape and digital weighing scale were used to measure the height and weight of the respondents. BMI was calculated by dividing the weight by height

2020 BMC Public Health PubMed abstract

240. Impact of the preoperative body mass index on the postoperative outcomes in patients with completely resected non-small cell lung cancer: A retrospective analysis of 16,503 cases in a Japanese Lung Cancer Registry Study. (Abstract)

Impact of the preoperative body mass index on the postoperative outcomes in patients with completely resected non-small cell lung cancer: A retrospective analysis of 16,503 cases in a Japanese Lung Cancer Registry Study. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of the preoperative body mass index (BMI) on the postoperative outcomes in patients with completely resected non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).The data of patients with NSCLC in whom R0 resection was achieved were extracted from

2020 Lung Cancer

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