How to Trip Rapid Review

Step 1: Select articles relevant to your search (remember the system is only optimised for single intervention studies)

Step 2: press

Step 3: review the result, and maybe amend the or if you know better! If we're unsure of the overall sentiment of the trial we will display the conclusion under the article title. We then require you to tell us what the correct sentiment is.

95,949 results for

Body Mass Index

by
...
Latest & greatest
Alerts

Export results

Use check boxes to select individual results below

SmartSearch available

Trip's SmartSearch engine has discovered connected searches & results. Click to show

201. The Relationship Between Body Mass Index and Pain Intensity Among Veterans with Musculoskeletal Disorders: Findings from the MSD Cohort Study. (Abstract)

The Relationship Between Body Mass Index and Pain Intensity Among Veterans with Musculoskeletal Disorders: Findings from the MSD Cohort Study. To examine the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and pain intensity among veterans with musculoskeletal disorder diagnoses (MSDs; nontraumatic joint disorder; osteoarthritis; low back, back, and neck pain).Administrative and electronic health record data from the Veterans Health Administration (VHA).A national cohort of US military veterans (...) with MSDs in VHA care during 2001-2012 (N = 1,759,338).These cross-sectional data were analyzed using hurdle negative binomial models of pain intensity as a function of BMI, adjusted for comorbidities and demographics.The sample had a mean age of 59.4, 95% were male, 77% were white/Non-Hispanic, 79% were overweight or obese, and 42% reported no pain at index MSD diagnosis. Overall, there was a J-shaped relationship between BMI and pain (nadir = 27 kg/m2), with the severely obese (BMI ≥ 40 kg/m2) being

2020 Pain Medicine

202. Discovery and Mediation Analysis of Cross-Phenotype Associations With Asthma and Body Mass Index in 12q13.2. (Abstract)

Discovery and Mediation Analysis of Cross-Phenotype Associations With Asthma and Body Mass Index in 12q13.2. Twin studies suggest that shared genetics contributes to the comorbidity of asthma and obesity, but candidate-gene studies provide limited evidence of pleiotropy. We conducted genome-wide association analyses of asthma and body mass index (BMI) among 305,945 White British subjects recruited into the UK Biobank in 2006-2010. We searched for overlapping signals and followed-up on genome

2020 American Journal of Epidemiology

203. Perioperative Complications Stratified by Body Mass Index for the Direct Anterior Approach to Total Hip Arthroplasty. (Abstract)

Perioperative Complications Stratified by Body Mass Index for the Direct Anterior Approach to Total Hip Arthroplasty. Previous studies have addressed the increased risk of perioperative complications in the obese and morbidly obese populations undergoing total hip arthroplasty. Over the last 15 years, the direct anterior approach has increased in popularity. The purpose of this study is to compare the 90-day perioperative complication rate of total hip arthroplasty performed through the direct (...) anterior approach stratified by body mass index (BMI).Perioperative complications both intraoperative and up to 90 days postoperative were identified in a case series of 1808 primary total hip arthroplasties performed through a direct anterior approach. The patients were stratified according to BMI. Demographics of age, side, sex, and American Society of Anesthesiologists score were recorded. Medical and surgical complications including National Surgical Quality Improvement Program complications

2020 Journal of Arthroplasty

204. The Obesity Paradox: Body Mass Index Complication Rates Vary by Gender and Age Among Primary Total Hip Arthroplasty Patients. (Abstract)

The Obesity Paradox: Body Mass Index Complication Rates Vary by Gender and Age Among Primary Total Hip Arthroplasty Patients. High body mass index (BMI) has long been recognized as a risk factor for postoperative complication among total hip arthroplasty (THA) patients. However, recent studies showed mixed results in the effect of high BMI on surgical outcomes. Our study is to examine the association of preoperative BMI with complication incidence, stratified by age and gender.We queried

2020 Journal of Arthroplasty

205. Combined associations of body mass index and adherence to a Mediterranean-like diet with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality: A cohort study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Combined associations of body mass index and adherence to a Mediterranean-like diet with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality: A cohort study. It is unclear whether the effect on mortality of a higher body mass index (BMI) can be compensated for by adherence to a healthy diet and whether the effect on mortality by a low adherence to a healthy diet can be compensated for by a normal weight. We aimed to evaluate the associations of BMI combined with adherence to a Mediterranean-like diet on all (...) , walking/cycling, height, energy intake, smoking habits, baseline Charlson's weighted comorbidity index, and baseline diabetes mellitus. During up to 21 years of follow-up, 30,389 (38%) participants died, corresponding to 22 deaths per 1,000 person-years. We found the lowest HR of all-cause mortality among overweight individuals with high mMED (HR 0.94; 95% CI 0.90, 0.98) compared with those with normal weight and high mMED. Using the same reference, obese individuals with high mMED did not experience

2020 PLoS medicine

206. Modified global alignment and proportion scoring with body mass index and bone mineral density (GAPB) for improving predictions of mechanical complications after adult spinal deformity surgery. (Abstract)

Modified global alignment and proportion scoring with body mass index and bone mineral density (GAPB) for improving predictions of mechanical complications after adult spinal deformity surgery. The global alignment and proportion (GAP) score for predicting mechanical complications of adult spinal deformity (ASD) surgery has limitations due to its lack of bone quality and patient characteristics such as obesity, which has a significant impact on surgical outcome, especially in the elderly (...) population with ASD.This study aimed to improve the predictability of GAP score after ASD surgery by adding body mass index (BMI) and bone mineral density (BMD).A retrospective comparative study.Between January 2009 and December 2016, 203 consecutive patients with ASD underwent corrective fusion of more than 4 levels and were followed up for more than 2 years.The ability of the Scoliosis Research Society (SRS)-Schwab classification, age-adjusted alignment goals, GAP score, and modified global alignment

2020 The Spine Journal

207. Association between low back pain and body mass index in adult twins: an analysis of monozygotic and dizygotic twins of the Washington State Twin Registry. (Abstract)

Association between low back pain and body mass index in adult twins: an analysis of monozygotic and dizygotic twins of the Washington State Twin Registry. Low back pain (LBP) is a common and significant cause of disability worldwide, however; questions about cause still remain.To investigate the association between LBP, body mass index (BMI), and moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in a twin sample.Cross sectional study of monozygotic (MZ) and dizygotic (DZ) twins from the Washington (...) State Twin Registry.Monozygotic and dizygotic twins from the Washington State Twin Registry.Self-report measures: Low back pain, body mass index, duration and intensity of exercise.The sample included 5,183 same-sex pairs (69% MZ). The outcome was self-reported diagnosis of LBP from a health care provider. A phenotypic model tested the association between BMI and LBP without including genetic or shared environmental confounds. We then re-estimated the association using a quasi-causal model which

2020 The Spine Journal

208. Influence of Body Mass Index and Gender on Stigmatization of Obesity. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Influence of Body Mass Index and Gender on Stigmatization of Obesity. Stigmatization and discrimination of people with obesity due to their weight are a common problem that may lead to additional weight gain. This study evaluated the influence of different parameters on the stigmatization of obesity.Participants of six groups (general population, patients with obesity, medical students, physicians, nurses in training and nurses; n = 490) answered the short-form fat phobia scale (FPS) between (...) August 2016 and July 2017. The influence of body mass index (BMI), gender and other factors on total scores and single adjective pairs was analyzed.A total of 490 participants were evaluated. The total mean FPS rating was 3.5 ± 0.6. FPS was significantly lower (more positive) in participants with obesity (3.2 ± 0.7) compared with participants without obesity (3.5 ± 0.5, p < 0.001). Individuals with obesity and diabetes rated the FPS significantly lower (more positive), whereas age and gender did

2020 Obesity Surgery

209. Mammary Volume-to-Body Mass Index Ratio: Preoperative Predictor of Cardiovascular Risk Factor and Indicator of Long-term Postoperative Remission of Comorbidities in Premenopausal Women Undergoing Sleeve Gastrectomy. (Abstract)

Mammary Volume-to-Body Mass Index Ratio: Preoperative Predictor of Cardiovascular Risk Factor and Indicator of Long-term Postoperative Remission of Comorbidities in Premenopausal Women Undergoing Sleeve Gastrectomy. A correct preoperative selection of candidates to undergo a sleeve gastrectomy (SG) is advisable. However, there is a dearth of available literature addressing outcome predictors after SG, besides surgical factors. To assess the accuracy of the mammary volume-to-body mass index (MV

2020 Obesity Surgery

210. The global burden of disease attributable to high body mass index in 195 countries and territories, 1990-2017: An analysis of the Global Burden of Disease Study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

The global burden of disease attributable to high body mass index in 195 countries and territories, 1990-2017: An analysis of the Global Burden of Disease Study. Obesity represents an urgent problem that needs to be properly addressed, especially among children. Public and global health policy- and decision-makers need timely, reliable quantitative information to develop effective interventions aimed at counteracting the burden generated by high body mass index (BMI). Few studies have assessed (...) the high-BMI-related burden on a global scale.Following the methodology framework and analytical strategies used in the Global Burden of Disease Study (GBD) 2017, the global deaths and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) attributable to high BMI were analyzed by age, sex, year, and geographical location and by Socio-demographic Index (SDI). All causes of death and DALYs estimated in GBD 2017 were organized into 4 hierarchical levels: level 1 contained 3 broad cause groupings, level 2 included more

2020 PLoS medicine

211. Body Mass Index Trajectory and Incident Hypertension: Results From a Longitudinal Cohort of Chinese Children and Adolescents, 2006-2016. (Abstract)

Body Mass Index Trajectory and Incident Hypertension: Results From a Longitudinal Cohort of Chinese Children and Adolescents, 2006-2016. Objectives. To identify body mass index (BMI) trajectories in Chinese children and to compare the risk of incident high blood pressure (HBP) across trajectory groups.Methods. A total of 9286 children were included. The mean age at baseline was 8.9 years; age at endpoint ranged between 16 and 18 years. At least 8 measurements were obtained from each involved

2020 American Journal of Public Health

212. Transdiaphragmatic Pressure Gradient (TPG) Has a Central Role in the Pathophysiology of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) in the Obese and it Correlates with Abdominal Circumference but Not with Body Mass Index (BMI). (Abstract)

Transdiaphragmatic Pressure Gradient (TPG) Has a Central Role in the Pathophysiology of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) in the Obese and it Correlates with Abdominal Circumference but Not with Body Mass Index (BMI). Pathophysiology of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is multifactorial. An increased transdiaphragmatic pressure gradient (TPG) may be a main element for GERD in the obese patient. This study aims to evaluate the role of TPG in the physiopathology of GERD in obese (...) individuals.We studied 47 unselected consecutive candidates for bariatric operations (body mass index (BMI) > 35). All patients underwent high-resolution manometry and esophageal pH monitoring. Individuals were grouped as GERD + or GERD - based on DeMeester score. Abdominal pressure (AP) and thoracic pressure (TP), transdiaphragmatic pressure gradient (AP-TP), and lower esophageal sphincter (LES) retention pressure (LES basal pressure-TPG) were determined. Manometric variables were compared with a group

2020 Obesity Surgery

213. The relationship between body mass index and the risk of development of Dupuytren's disease: a Mendelian randomization study. (Abstract)

The relationship between body mass index and the risk of development of Dupuytren's disease: a Mendelian randomization study. We performed Mendelian randomization analyses of body mass index and waist-hip ratio adjusted for body mass index in Dupuytren's disease using summary statistics from genome-wide association study meta-analyses. We found that adiposity is causally protective against Dupuytren's disease, with the inverse-variance weighted Mendelian randomization analysis estimating (...) that a 1 standard deviation increase in body mass index (equivalent to 4.8 kg/m2) leads to 28% (95% confidence interval: 18-37%) lower relative odds of developing Dupuytren's disease, and a 1 standard deviation increase in waist-hip ratio adjusted for body mass index (equivalent to a waist-hip ratio of 0.09) leads to 26% (95% confidence interval: 6-42%) lower relative odds of developing Dupuytren's disease. We conclude from this study that regardless of the well-established negative health effects

2020 Journal of Hand Surgery - European

214. Association Between Body Mass Index and Female Sexual Dysfunction: A Cross-sectional Study from the Data Registry on Experiences of Aging, Menopause, and Sexuality. (Abstract)

Association Between Body Mass Index and Female Sexual Dysfunction: A Cross-sectional Study from the Data Registry on Experiences of Aging, Menopause, and Sexuality. Obesity and female sexual dysfunction (FSD) are prevalent conditions, and both are associated with significant adverse effects on health and well-being.To investigate the association between body mass index and FSD, as well as potential moderators.This cross-sectional study was performed by analyzing medical records of 6,688 women (...) . Association Between Body Mass Index and Female Sexual Dysfunction: A Cross-sectional Study from the Data Registry on Experiences of Aging, Menopause, and Sexuality. J Sex Med 2020;17:1971-1980.Copyright © 2020 International Society for Sexual Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

2020 Journal Of Sexual Medicine

215. Obesity-associated poor muscle quality: prevalence and association with age, sex, and body mass index. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Obesity-associated poor muscle quality: prevalence and association with age, sex, and body mass index. Muscle quality (i.e., the expression of muscle function per unit of muscle mass) has been proposed as a clinically-relevant measure to detect individuals at risk of functional incapacity. Individuals with obesity might be at an increased risk of having poor muscle quality. Thus, we aimed to analyze the prevalence of poor muscle quality in obese individuals, to determine associated variables (...) , and to provide normative values for this population.203 individuals with obesity (103 women, age: 18-75 years, body mass index (BMI): 35-64 kg·m- 2) participated in this cross-sectional study. Their muscle strength (handgrip dynamometry), muscle power (sit-to-stand test) and muscle mass (bioelectrical impedance analysis) were measured, and muscle quality (strength/power to muscle mass ratio) was compared with reference values obtained in young healthy individuals. Muscle quality was individually categorized

2020 BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders

216. Different profiles of body mass index variation among patients with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis: a retrospective cohort study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Different profiles of body mass index variation among patients with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis: a retrospective cohort study. Despite the predictive role of body weight variation in treatment outcome in multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB), few corroborating data are available. We studied weight variation in patients with MDR-TB to identify groups of weight change and to determine factors that influence these changes.We analyzed patients with rifampicin resistance who were treated (...) with an MDR-TB treatment regimen between June 07, 2016 and June 22, 2018 at three major drug-resistant TB centers in Guinea. Patients were seen monthly until the end of treatment. Clinical outcome was the body mass index (BMI). We used a linear mixed model to analyze trajectories of BMI and a latent class mixed model to identify groups of BMI trajectories.Of 232 patients treated for MDR-TB during the study period, 165 were analyzed. These patients had a total of 1387 visits, with a median of 5 visits

2020 BMC Infectious Diseases

217. The effect of body mass index and creatinine clearance on serum trough concentration of vancomycin in adult patients. Full Text available with Trip Pro

The effect of body mass index and creatinine clearance on serum trough concentration of vancomycin in adult patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of patient body mass index (BMI) and estimated creatinine clearance (CrCl) on serum vancomycin concentrations to define a possible optimal dosage regimen in overweight patients based on data obtained during therapeutic drug monitoring.This retrospective study used data collected from January 2017 to January 2019. Adult patients

2020 BMC Infectious Diseases

218. Obesity measures in the Kiribati population: a need to reclassify body mass index cut-points. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Obesity measures in the Kiribati population: a need to reclassify body mass index cut-points. Obesity is a public health problem in Micronesia. The objective of the study was to assess obesity, the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and body fat percentage (BF%) among adults, and determine the appropriate BMI cut-points in Kiribati.A cross-sectional study was undertaken among 483 adults randomly selected from South Tarawa (ST) and Butaritari (BT). Weight, height, BF% and physical

2020 BMC Public Health

219. Age-period-cohort analysis of kidney cancer deaths attributable to high body-mass index in China and U.S. adults. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Age-period-cohort analysis of kidney cancer deaths attributable to high body-mass index in China and U.S. adults. Statistical data on burden of kidney cancer and the relavant risk factors are valuable for policy-making. This study aims to estimate kidney cancer deaths and high body-mass index (BMI) attributable to the deaths by gender and age group in China adults, compared with U.S.We extracted kidney cancer data (1990-2017) about the age-standardized rates using the comparative risk (...) in which the trend tends to be stable in recent years. The rapid aging may also intensify the increasing trend of kidney cancer death in China. Effective measures should be conducted on body weight control and care for kidney cancer prevention.

2020 BMC Public Health

220. Maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index, gestational weight gain and breastfeeding outcomes: a cross-sectional analysis. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index, gestational weight gain and breastfeeding outcomes: a cross-sectional analysis. It is well established that mothers with above-normal pre-pregnancy BMI are at increased risk of breastfeeding cessation; however, the impact of pregnancy weight-gain (PWG) is less well-defined. Excess PWG may alter the hormonal preparation of breast tissue for lactation, increase the risk of complications that negatively impact breastfeeding (e.g. Cesarean-section

2020 BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth

To help you find the content you need quickly, you can filter your results via the categories on the right-hand side >>>>