How to Trip Rapid Review

Step 1: Select articles relevant to your search (remember the system is only optimised for single intervention studies)

Step 2: press

Step 3: review the result, and maybe amend the or if you know better! If we're unsure of the overall sentiment of the trial we will display the conclusion under the article title. We then require you to tell us what the correct sentiment is.

96,625 results for

Body Mass Index

by
...
Latest & greatest
Alerts

Export results

Use check boxes to select individual results below

SmartSearch available

Trip's SmartSearch engine has discovered connected searches & results. Click to show

181. Body mass index ≥23 is a risk factor for insulin resistance and diabetes in Japanese people: A brief report. (Full text)

Body mass index ≥23 is a risk factor for insulin resistance and diabetes in Japanese people: A brief report. Screening for undiagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus is recommended for Asian Americans with a body mass index ≥23. However, the optimal body mass index cut-off score for predicting the risk of diabetes mellitus in Japanese people is not well known. The aim of this study was to determine the best body mass index cut-off score for predicting insulin resistance and diabetes mellitus (...) cut-off scores for prediction of insulin resistance and diabetes mellitus were determined.In the clamp study, the optimal body mass index cut-off score to predict insulin resistance in non-diabetic patients was 22.7. All participants with type 2 diabetes mellitus were insulin resistant, and the optimal body mass index cut-off score for prediction of severe insulin resistance was 26.2. When the data from the type 2 diabetic and the non-diabetic participants were combined, the optimal body mass

2018 PLoS ONE PubMed abstract

182. Correction: Effect of body mass index on diabetogenesis factors at a fixed fasting plasma glucose level. (Full text)

Correction: Effect of body mass index on diabetogenesis factors at a fixed fasting plasma glucose level. [This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0189115.].

2018 PLoS ONE PubMed abstract

183. Factors associated with body mass index in children and adolescents: An international cross-sectional study. (Full text)

Factors associated with body mass index in children and adolescents: An international cross-sectional study. The increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity in childhood has implications for their future health. There are many potential contributors to overweight and obesity in childhood. The aim was to investigate the association between postulated risk factors and body mass index (BMI) in children and adolescents.Secondary analysis of data from a multi-centre, multi-country, cross

2018 PLoS ONE PubMed abstract

184. Executive function impairments in fibromyalgia syndrome: Relevance of clinical variables and body mass index. (Full text)

Executive function impairments in fibromyalgia syndrome: Relevance of clinical variables and body mass index. Several investigations suggest the presence of deterioration of executive function in fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS). The study quantified executive functions in patients with FMS. A wide array of functions was assessed, including updating, shifting and inhibition, as well as decision making and mental planning. Moreover, clinical variables were investigated as possible mediators (...) of executive dysfunction, including pain severity, psychiatric comorbidity, medication and body mass index (BMI).Fifty-two FMS patients and 32 healthy controls completed a battery of 14 neuropsychological tests. Clinical interviews were conducted and the McGill Pain Questionnaire, Beck Depression Inventory, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, Fatigue Severity Scale and Oviedo Quality of Sleep Questionnaire were presented.Patients performed poorer than controls on the Letter Number Sequencing, Arithmetic

2018 PLoS ONE PubMed abstract

185. Association of body mass index with incident tuberculosis in Korea. (Full text)

Association of body mass index with incident tuberculosis in Korea. Overweight or obesity might be protective factors of tuberculosis (TB), but the evidence is inconclusive. The objective of study was to evaluate association between BMI and incident TB.The National Health Insurance database was used. Eligible participants were individuals aged 20-89 years without history of TB before 2007, and who underwent national health examinations between January 2002 and December 2006. The latest record

2018 PLoS ONE PubMed abstract

186. Effect of body mass index on diabetogenesis factors at a fixed fasting plasma glucose level. (Full text)

Effect of body mass index on diabetogenesis factors at a fixed fasting plasma glucose level. The present study evaluated the relative influence of body mass index (BMI) on insulin resistance (IR), first-phase insulin secretion (FPIS), second-phase insulin secretion (SPIS), and glucose effectiveness (GE) at a fixed fasting plasma glucose level in an older ethnic Chinese population.In total, 265 individuals aged 60 years with a fasting plasma glucose level of 5.56 mmol/L were enrolled

2018 PLoS ONE PubMed abstract

187. Body Mass Index of 92,027 patients acutely admitted to general hospitals in Denmark: Associated clinical characteristics and 30-day mortality. (Full text)

Body Mass Index of 92,027 patients acutely admitted to general hospitals in Denmark: Associated clinical characteristics and 30-day mortality. Data are sparse on the range of BMI among patients acutely admitted to general hospitals. We investigated BMI values and associated patient characteristics, reasons for hospital admission, and mortality in Denmark.We identified all persons with an acute inpatient admission 2011-2014 in Central Denmark Region and assessed BMI measurements recorded (...) mortality was high among patients with BMI <18.5 (7.5% vs. 2.8%, age- and smoking-adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 2.4; 95% confidence interval (CI): 2.0-2.9, whereas patients with overweight (aOR 0.7; 95% CI: 0.6-0.8) and obesity class I (aOR 0.8; 95% CI: 0.6-0.9)). Compared with the total population, patients with BMI <18.5 were older (68 years median); more were female (73%); more had comorbidities (Charlson Comorbidity Index score >0 in 42% vs. 33% overall), more were current smokers (45% vs. 27% overall

2018 PLoS ONE PubMed abstract

188. Copy number of pancreatic polypeptide receptor gene NPY4R correlates with body mass index and waist circumference. (Full text)

Copy number of pancreatic polypeptide receptor gene NPY4R correlates with body mass index and waist circumference. Multiple genetic studies have linked copy number variation (CNV) in different genes to body mass index (BMI) and obesity. A CNV on chromosome 10q11.22 has been associated with body weight. This CNV region spans NPY4R, the gene encoding the pancreatic polypeptide receptor Y4, which has been described as a satiety-stimulating receptor. We have investigated CNV of the NPY4R gene (...) increase in BMI and 5.67 cm increase in waist circumference (p = 3.3×10-7 and p = 1×10-6, respectively) for women. For men, there was no statistically significant correlation between CNV and BMI. Our results suggest that NPY4R genetic variation influences body weight in women, but the exact role of this receptor appears to be more complex than previously proposed.

2018 PLoS ONE PubMed abstract

189. Neighbourhood disadvantage, geographic remoteness and body mass index among immigrants to Australia: A national cohort study 2006-2014. (Full text)

Neighbourhood disadvantage, geographic remoteness and body mass index among immigrants to Australia: A national cohort study 2006-2014. Obesity is socioeconomically, geographically and ethnically patterned. Understanding these elements of disadvantage is vital in understanding population obesity trends and the development of effective and equitable interventions. This study examined the relationship between neighbourhood socioeconomic disadvantage and geographic remoteness with prospective (...) trends in mean body mass index (BMI) among immigrants to Australia. Longitudinal data (2006-2014) from a national panel survey of Australian adults was divided into an immigrant-only sample (n = 4,293, 52.6% women and 19,404 person-year observations). The data were analysed using multi-level random effects linear regression modelling that controlled for individual socioeconomic and demographic factors. Male immigrants living in the most disadvantaged neighbourhoods had significantly higher mean BMI

2018 PLoS ONE PubMed abstract

190. Relation of body mass index to risk of developing inflammatory bowel disease amongst women in the Danish National Birth Cohort. (Full text)

Relation of body mass index to risk of developing inflammatory bowel disease amongst women in the Danish National Birth Cohort. Crohn's disease (CD) has traditionally been associated with weight loss and low BMI, yet paradoxically obesity has recently been suggested as a risk factor for CD, but not for ulcerative colitis (UC). We therefore hypothesized that the relation between BMI and CD is U shaped.To conduct a large population-based prospective cohort study of BMI and later risk of IBD

2018 PLoS ONE PubMed abstract

191. Lifestyle factors and high body mass index are associated with different multimorbidity clusters in the Brazilian population. (Full text)

Lifestyle factors and high body mass index are associated with different multimorbidity clusters in the Brazilian population. Multimorbidity patterns of a population can be influenced by socioeconomic and lifestyle-related factors. Some of these factors are preventable when healthy habits are promoted to the population. This study analyzed the main grouping patterns of chronic diseases and the relationship with socioeconomic and lifestyle-related factors of the Brazilian population (over

2018 PLoS ONE PubMed abstract

192. Association between body mass index and mortality in the Korean elderly: A nationwide cohort study. (Full text)

Association between body mass index and mortality in the Korean elderly: A nationwide cohort study. The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and mortality in the elderly. This study was a nation-wide population-based retrospective cohort study of the National Health Insurance System-Senior Database (NHIS-SD). In this study, a total of 75,856 subjects were identified and selected from among 251,593 individuals aged ≥ 65 years who underwent

2018 PLoS ONE PubMed abstract

193. Pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and maternal gestational weight gain are positively associated with birth outcomes in rural Malawi. (Full text)

Pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and maternal gestational weight gain are positively associated with birth outcomes in rural Malawi. Whereas poor maternal nutritional status before and during pregnancy is widely associated with adverse birth outcomes, studies quantifying this association in low income countries are scarce. We examined whether maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and weight gain during pregnancy are associated with birth outcomes in rural Malawi.We analyzed

2018 PLoS ONE PubMed abstract

194. The effects of oral contraceptive usage on thrombin generation and activated protein C resistance in Saudi women, with a possible impact of the body mass index. (Full text)

The effects of oral contraceptive usage on thrombin generation and activated protein C resistance in Saudi women, with a possible impact of the body mass index. The effect of oral contraceptive (OC) usage on coagulation has been studied worldwide. However, no such studies have been conducted in Saudi Arabia on Saudi women using OCs. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of OC-induced changes of thrombin generation (TG) in the absence and presence of activated protein C (APC

2018 PLoS ONE PubMed abstract

195. Body mass index and weight change during initial period of chemotherapy affect survival outcome in advanced biliary tract cancer patients. (Full text)

Body mass index and weight change during initial period of chemotherapy affect survival outcome in advanced biliary tract cancer patients. The impact of obesity on survival is known to vary in different cancers. Advanced biliary tract cancer was rarely analyzed about the relationship between obesity and prognosis. We performed this study to evaluate the BMI and body weight change as prognostic factors for advanced biliary tract cancer patients with palliative chemotherapy.Between January 2005 (...) and December 2016, two hundred and seventy-six patients who underwent chemotherapy for biliary tract cancer were retrospectively analyzed. The relationship between BMI (kg/m2) and clinical outcomes including overall and progression-free survival was assessed. Additionally the relationship between change in body composition and overall survival was evaluated.Median overall survival was 9.7 months for underweight patients, 10.1 months for normal patients, 15.8 months for overweight group, 13.1 months

2018 PLoS ONE PubMed abstract

196. Association between body mass index (BMI) and duration of pregnancy in women referred to Shariati Hospital in Bandar Abbas (Full text)

Association between body mass index (BMI) and duration of pregnancy in women referred to Shariati Hospital in Bandar Abbas Prolonged pregnancy is associated with increased risk of pregnancy complications. The role of body mass index (BMI) is not completely identified in the risk of occurrence of prolonged pregnancy. The aim of this study was to determine the association between BMI and duration of pregnancy in woman referred to the Shariati Maternity Hospital in Bandar Abbas (Hormozgan Province

2017 Electronic physician PubMed abstract

197. Impact of Body Mass Index on Early Postoperative and Long-Term Outcome after Rectal Cancer Surgery (Full text)

Impact of Body Mass Index on Early Postoperative and Long-Term Outcome after Rectal Cancer Surgery The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of obesity and underweight onto early postoperative and long-term oncological outcome after surgery for rectal cancer.Data from 2008 until 2011 was gathered by a German prospective multicenter observational study. 62 items were reported by the physicians in charge, and a consecutive follow-up was performed if the patient had signed a consent form

2017 Visceral medicine PubMed abstract

198. A Cross-sectional Prospective Study of Asymptomatic Urinary Abnormalities, Blood Pressure, and Body Mass Index in Healthy School Children (Full text)

A Cross-sectional Prospective Study of Asymptomatic Urinary Abnormalities, Blood Pressure, and Body Mass Index in Healthy School Children Screening school children for urinary abnormalities is an inexpensive task but is not commonly undertaken in India. Although debated in western countries, its utility in early diagnosis of kidney disorders has been proved by studies from Asia. We examined the prevalence of asymptomatic urinary abnormalities (AUA), obesity, and hypertension in school children (...) screened. Of these, data from 9306 children were available for AUA, obesity, and hypertension. The prevalence rate was 7.44% (95% confidence interval [CI] = 6.91%-7.97%) for at least 1 AUA. Isolated hematuria was present in 5.2% (95% CI 4.75%-5.65%), whereas isolated proteinuria was present in 1.9% (95% CI = 1.62%-2.18%). The prevalence of prehypertension was 13.43% (95% CI = 12.74%-14.12%) and that of hypertension and abnormal body mass index was 4.05% (95% CI = 6.43%-7.47%) and 38.67 (95% CI = 37.68

2017 Kidney international reports PubMed abstract

199. Body Mass Index Decline Is Related to Spinocerebellar Ataxia Disease Progression (Full text)

Body Mass Index Decline Is Related to Spinocerebellar Ataxia Disease Progression Spinocerebellar ataxias (SCAs) are dominantly inherited, progressive ataxia disorders. Disease progression could be preceded by weight loss.We aimed to study the course of weight loss in patients who had the most common SCAs (SCA1, SCA2 SCA3, and SCA6). Additional objectives were to identify subgroups of weight evolution, to determine the factors influencing these evolutions, and to assess the impact (...) of these evolutions on disease progression.In total, 384 patients from the EUROSCA prospective cohort study were analyzed who had SCA1, SCA2, SCA3, or SCA6 and at least 3 measurements of weight. Age was used as a time scale. Clinical outcomes were body mass index (BMI) and the Scale for the Assessment and Rating Ataxia (SARA), with scores ranging from 0 to 40. We used a linear mixed model to analyze the course of BMI and a latent class mixed model to identify subgroup BMI evolution.Overall, BMI declined over time

2017 Movement disorders clinical practice PubMed abstract

200. Association of Body Mass Index With Cardiometabolic Disease in the UK Biobank: A Mendelian Randomization Study (Full text)

Association of Body Mass Index With Cardiometabolic Disease in the UK Biobank: A Mendelian Randomization Study Higher body mass index (BMI) is a risk factor for cardiometabolic disease; however, the underlying causal associations remain unclear.To use UK Biobank data to report causal estimates of the association between BMI and cardiometabolic disease outcomes and traits, such as pulse rate, using mendelian randomization.Cross-sectional baseline data from a population-based cohort study

2017 JAMA cardiology PubMed abstract

To help you find the content you need quickly, you can filter your results via the categories on the right-hand side >>>>