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Body Mass Index

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1. Long-term childhood body mass index and adult bone mass are linked through concurrent body mass index and body composition. (PubMed)

Long-term childhood body mass index and adult bone mass are linked through concurrent body mass index and body composition. Body mass plays a crucial role in the bone growth and development, but few studies have examined the association of long-term cumulative impact and trajectory patterns of childhood body mass index (BMI) with adult bone mass, and the mediation effect of adult BMI and body composition on these associations. A total of 397 Chinese adults (54.4%) who had been examined for BMI (...) 4-8 times during childhood (6-19 years) and bone mass in adulthood (29-37 years), were included for analysis. Adult bone mineral content (BMC), areal bone mineral density (aBMD) and body composition were assessed via dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry. Childhood BMI growth curves were constructed using a random-effects mixed model. The area under the curve (AUC) was calculated to represent the long-term impact of childhood BMI. At baseline, 24.4%, 66.2%, 7.6% and 1.8% of the participants were

2019 Bone

2. Bariatric surgery for Type 2 Diabetes and a body mass index below 35

Bariatric surgery for Type 2 Diabetes and a body mass index below 35 Bariatric surgery for Type 2 Diabetes and a body mass index below 35 - Health Technology Assessment - NIPH Selected items added to basket Close Search for: Søk Meny Infectious diseases & Vaccines Close Mental & Physical health Close Environment & Lifestyle Close Health in Norway Close Quality & Knowledge Close Research & Access to data Close About NIPH Close Bariatric surgery for Type 2 Diabetes and a body mass index below 35 (...) The division for health services in the Norwegian Institute of Public Health has prepared a health technology assessment (HTA) comparing the effectiveness and safety of bariatric surgery with non-surgical interventions in the treatment of patients with Type 2 Diabetes and a body mass index (BMI) below 35. The report will also include a health economic evaluation of the use of bariatric surgery compared with non-surgical interventions. The HTA is intended to inform decision making by the Norwegian System

2018 Norwegian Institute of Public Health

3. Nutritional Status Based on Body Mass Index Is Associated With Morbidity and Mortality in Mechanically Ventilated Critically Ill Children in the PICU

Nutritional Status Based on Body Mass Index Is Associated With Morbidity and Mortality in Mechanically Ventilated Critically Ill Children in the PICU PEDSCCM.org Criteria abstracted from series in Review Posted: founded 1995 Questions or comments?

2017 PedsCCM Evidence-Based Journal Club

4. Low body mass index negatively affects muscle mass and intramuscular fat of chronic stroke survivors. (Full text)

Low body mass index negatively affects muscle mass and intramuscular fat of chronic stroke survivors. Relationship between secondary changes in skeletal muscle and body weight in chronic stroke survivors has not yet been carefully examined. The objective of this study was to clarify the relationships between muscle mass, intramuscular fat, and body weight in chronic stroke survivors.Seventy-two chronic stroke survivors participated in this study. Transverse ultrasound images were acquired using (...) B-mode ultrasound imaging. Quadriceps muscle mass and intramuscular fat were assessed based on muscle thickness and echo intensity, respectively. We used a stepwise multiple regression analysis to identify the factors that were independently associated with the body mass index. We entered quadriceps thickness and echo intensity of the paretic and non-paretic sides into another stepwise multiple regression model to avoid multicollinearity. Age, sex, type of stroke, time since stroke, thigh length

2019 PLoS ONE

5. Childhood Body Mass Index is associated with risk of adult colon cancer in men - an association modulated by pubertal change in Body Mass Index. (PubMed)

Childhood Body Mass Index is associated with risk of adult colon cancer in men - an association modulated by pubertal change in Body Mass Index. The relative contribution of childhood and pubertal BMI for the risk of adult colorectal cancer is not known. The aim of this study was to evaluate the independent associations for childhood BMI and pubertal BMI change with risk of colorectal cancer in men.We included 37 663 men born 1946-1961 who had weight and height measured at age 8 (childhood

2019 Cancer Epidemiology & Biomarkers and Prevention

6. The Impact of Body Mass Index on Complications After Shoulder Arthroscopy: Should Surgery Eligibility Be Determined by Body Mass Index Cutoffs? (PubMed)

The Impact of Body Mass Index on Complications After Shoulder Arthroscopy: Should Surgery Eligibility Be Determined by Body Mass Index Cutoffs? The goal of this study is to analyze postoperative complications after shoulder arthroscopy stratified by body mass index (BMI) and to quantify the trade-off in postsurgical complications and access to care that occurs with BMI eligibility cutoffs.Patients who underwent shoulder arthroscopy in the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database

2019 Arthroscopy

7. The Association of Body Mass Index with Pancreatic Cancer: Variation by Age at Body Mass Index Assessment. (PubMed)

The Association of Body Mass Index with Pancreatic Cancer: Variation by Age at Body Mass Index Assessment. Higher body mass index (BMI) is associated with increased risk of pancreatic cancer in epidemiologic studies but BMI has usually been assessed at older ages, potentially underestimating the full impact of excess weight. We examined the association between BMI and pancreatic cancer mortality among 963,317 adults aged 30-89 years at enrollment into Cancer Prevention Study-II in 1982. During

2019 American Journal of Epidemiology

8. Obesity measured as percent body fat, relationship with body mass index, and percentile curves for Mexican pediatric population. (Full text)

Obesity measured as percent body fat, relationship with body mass index, and percentile curves for Mexican pediatric population. In Mexico, the increase in childhood obesity is alarming. Thus, improving the precision of its diagnosis is expected to impact on disease prevention. We estimated obesity prevalence by bioimpedance-based percent body fat (%BF) and body mass index (BMI) in 1061 girls and 1121 boys, from 3 to 17 years old. Multiple regressions and area under receiver operating curves (...) (AUC) were used to determine the predictive value of BMI on %BF and percentile curves were constructed. Overall obesity prevalence estimated by %BF was 43.7%, and by BMI it was 20.1%; it means that the diagnosis by BMI underestimated around 50% of children diagnosed with obesity by %BF (≥30% for girls, ≥25% for boys). The fat mass excess is further underestimated in boys than in girls when using the standard BMI classification. The relationship between %BF and BMI was strong in school children

2019 PLoS ONE

9. Beyond Body Mass Index. Is the Body Cell Mass Index (BCMI) a useful prognostic factor to describe nutritional, inflammation and muscle mass status in hospitalized elderly?: Body Cell Mass Index links in elderly. (PubMed)

Beyond Body Mass Index. Is the Body Cell Mass Index (BCMI) a useful prognostic factor to describe nutritional, inflammation and muscle mass status in hospitalized elderly?: Body Cell Mass Index links in elderly. The aim of this study was to establish the effectiveness of Body Cell Mass Index (BCMI) as a prognostic index of (mal)nutrition, inflammation and muscle mass status in the elderly.A cross-sectional observational study has been conducted on 114 elderly patients (80 women and 34 men (...) ), with mean age equal to 81.07 ± 6.18 years. We performed a multivariate regression model by Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) framework. We detected the effects over a Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) stratification, by performing a multi-group multivariate regression model (via SEM) in two MNA nutritional strata, less and bigger (or equal) than 17.BCMI had a significant effect on albumin (β = +0.062, P = 0.001), adjusting for the other predictors of the model as Body Mass Index (BMI), age, sex, fat

2017 Clinical nutrition (Edinburgh, Scotland)

10. Relationship between body mass index, body image, and fear of negative evaluation: Moderating role of self-esteem (Full text)

Relationship between body mass index, body image, and fear of negative evaluation: Moderating role of self-esteem This study examined the correlation between body mass index as independent variable, and body image and fear of negative evaluation as dependent variables, as well as the moderating role of self-esteem in these correlations. A total of 318 Malaysian young adults were conveniently recruited to do the self-administered survey on the demographic characteristics body image, fear (...) of negative evaluation, and self-esteem. Partial least squares structural equation modeling was used to test the research hypotheses. The results revealed that body mass index was negatively associated with body image, while no such correlation was found with fear of negative evaluation. Meanwhile, the negative correlation of body mass index with body image was stronger among those with lower self-esteem, while a positive association of body mass index with fear of negative evaluation was significant only

2018 Health psychology open

11. Weighing in on Body Mass Index and Infection After Total Joint Arthroplasty: Is There Evidence for a Body Mass Index Threshold? (Full text)

Weighing in on Body Mass Index and Infection After Total Joint Arthroplasty: Is There Evidence for a Body Mass Index Threshold? Although morbid obesity is considered a modifiable risk factor for periprosthetic joint infection (PJI), there is no consensus regarding an appropriate threshold for body mass index (BMI) above which a high risk for infection may outweigh the benefits of surgery.(1) Is there a BMI cutoff threshold that is associated with increased risk for PJI? (2) Is the risk of PJI (...) between obesity and early infection, we identified PJI within 90 days of the index surgery. This relationship was examined separately for BMI as a continuous variable and for each BMI category as defined by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (underweight ≤ 18.49 kg/m; normal 18.5-24.9 kg/m; overweight 25-29.9 kg/m; obese class I 30-34.9 kg/m; obese class II 35-39.9 kg/m; obese class III ≥ 40 kg/m). Analyses were performed with logistic regression, accounting for both patient and surgical

2018 Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research

12. The Sitting-Height Index of Build, (Body Mass)/(Sitting Height)3, as an Improvement on the Body Mass Index for Children, Adolescents and Young Adults (Full text)

The Sitting-Height Index of Build, (Body Mass)/(Sitting Height)3, as an Improvement on the Body Mass Index for Children, Adolescents and Young Adults The body mass index (BMI) is unsatisfactory in being affected by both relative leg length and height, and, for use with children and adolescents, therefore needs to be interpreted in relation to age. The sitting-height index of build (body mass)/(sitting height)³, is largely free of these disadvantages. Furthermore, because that index (...) and females, black as well as white. Regression analysis as above again showed leg length to be an insignificant predictor of body mass, but only above the age of about nine years. However, sitting height is still a stronger predictor of body mass than leg length at all ages. The advantages of the sitting-height index of build for use with young people are confirmed.

2018 Children

13. Body mass index increase before 3 years‐of‐age augments the degree of insulin resistance corresponding to body mass index in adolescent girls (Full text)

Body mass index increase before 3 years‐of‐age augments the degree of insulin resistance corresponding to body mass index in adolescent girls 29504278 2019 03 18 2040-1124 9 2 2018 Mar Journal of diabetes investigation J Diabetes Investig Body mass index increase before 3 years-of-age augments the degree of insulin resistance corresponding to body mass index in adolescent girls. 450 10.1111/jdi.12700 Arisaka Osamu O http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5307-0999 Department of Pediatrics, Dokkyo

2018 Journal of Diabetes Investigation

14. Parental body mass index and blood pressure are associated with higher body mass index and blood pressure in their adult offspring: a cross‐sectional study in a resource‐limited setting in northern Peru (Full text)

Parental body mass index and blood pressure are associated with higher body mass index and blood pressure in their adult offspring: a cross‐sectional study in a resource‐limited setting in northern Peru High body mass index (BMI) and blood pressure (BP) are major contributors to the high burden of non-communicable diseases in adulthood. Individual high-risk and population approaches for prevention require newer strategies to target these risk factors and focusing on the family to introduce

2018 Tropical Medicine & International Health

15. Breastfeeding duration, maternal body mass index, and birth weight are associated with differences in body mass index growth trajectories in early childhood. (Full text)

Breastfeeding duration, maternal body mass index, and birth weight are associated with differences in body mass index growth trajectories in early childhood. Accelerated postnatal growth is an important predictor for obesity risk. It is unknown whether early-life obesity-related risk factors affect body mass index (BMI) growth rates during distinct growth periods from early infancy through preschool years.We examined whether breastfeeding duration, maternal BMI, and birth weight are associated

2018 American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

16. Body mass index at age 18 years and recent body mass index in relation to risk of breast cancer overall and ER/PR/HER2-defined subtypes in white women and African-American women: a pooled analysis. (Full text)

Body mass index at age 18 years and recent body mass index in relation to risk of breast cancer overall and ER/PR/HER2-defined subtypes in white women and African-American women: a pooled analysis. Although it has been well-documented that obesity is associated with decreased risk of premenopausal breast cancer and increased risk of postmenopausal breast cancer, it is unclear whether these associations differ among breast cancer subtypes defined by the tumor protein expression status (...) of estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2).We evaluated the associations of body mass index (BMI) at age 18 years and recent BMI in relation to risk of breast cancer overall and ER/PR/HER2-defined subtypes, in 6320 women (3934 case-patient participants, 2386 control participants) aged 35-64 years, who participated in one of three population-based case-control studies. We estimated multivariable-adjusted odd ratios (ORs) and corresponding 95

2018 Breast cancer research : BCR

17. A Cross-Sectional Study Assessing the Contributions of Body Fat Mass and Fat-Free Mass to Body Mass Index Scores in Male Youth Rugby Players (Full text)

A Cross-Sectional Study Assessing the Contributions of Body Fat Mass and Fat-Free Mass to Body Mass Index Scores in Male Youth Rugby Players In some sports such as rugby, a large body size is an advantage, and the desire to gain weight can bring young players to become overweight or obese. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of overweight and obesity and the contribution of body fat mass index (BFMI) and fat-free mass index (FFMI) to body mass index (BMI) changes among young (...) male rugby players (15-a-side rugby).The criteria of the International Obesity Task Force were used to define overweight and obesity from BMI. The method of skinfold thickness was used to assess percentage of body fat (%BF), BFMI, and FFMI. Excess body fat was defined by using BFMI and %BF above the 75th percentile. Data were grouped according to the age categories of the French Rugby Federation (U11, under 11 years; U13, under 13 years; U15, under 15 years) and to BMI status (NW normal-weight

2018 Sports medicine - open

18. Body mass index trajectories preceding first report of poor self-rated health: A longitudinal case-control analysis of the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing. (Full text)

Body mass index trajectories preceding first report of poor self-rated health: A longitudinal case-control analysis of the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing. Studies have consistently found that obesity is associated with poor self-rated health, but how body mass index (BMI) developed in the lead up to poor self-rated health is unknown.We nested a longitudinal case-control study in the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (1998-2015) to investigate BMI trajectories in the years preceding

2019 PLoS ONE

19. Michigan cohorts to determine associations of maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index with pregnancy and infant gastrointestinal microbial communities: Late pregnancy and early infancy. (PubMed)

Michigan cohorts to determine associations of maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index with pregnancy and infant gastrointestinal microbial communities: Late pregnancy and early infancy. About 25% of women in the United States are obese prior to becoming pregnant. Although there is some knowledge about the relationship between the gastrointestinal microbiota and obesity, little is known about the relationship between pre-pregnancy obesity and the gastrointestinal microbiota in pregnancy or its (...) (Sorensen index) by maternal pre-pregnancy BMI category, and significantly differed by delivery mode and breastfeeding exclusivity (p = 0.06, p = 0.001, p = 0.008, respectively). Infants from normal weight women had lower abundances of Megasphaera than infants from overweight or obese women. Streptococcus was lowest in infants from overweight women, and Staphylococcus was lowest in infants from obese women.Maternal and infant microbiotas are associated with and might be affected by maternal pre

2019 PLoS ONE

20. Exploring the role of body mass index in relationship of serum nitric oxide and advanced glycation end products in apparently healthy subjects. (PubMed)

Exploring the role of body mass index in relationship of serum nitric oxide and advanced glycation end products in apparently healthy subjects. This study aimed to identify any association of serum nitric oxide (NO) and advanced glycation end products (AGEs) with body mass index (BMI) in apparently healthy subjects. In this cross-sectional study, participants were 90 apparently healthy subjects, categorized into three BMI groups as follows: BMI≤19.5 (n = 21), 19.6≤BMI≤24.9 (n = 35), and BMI≥25

2019 PLoS ONE

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