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Body Composition Changes with Aging

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1. Dietary protein intake is not associated with 5-y change in mid-thigh muscle cross-sectional area by computed tomography in older adults: the Health, Aging, and Body Composition (Health ABC) Study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Dietary protein intake is not associated with 5-y change in mid-thigh muscle cross-sectional area by computed tomography in older adults: the Health, Aging, and Body Composition (Health ABC) Study. A higher protein intake is suggested to preserve muscle mass during aging and may therefore reduce the risk of sarcopenia.We explored whether the amount and type (animal or vegetable) of protein intake were associated with 5-y change in mid-thigh muscle cross-sectional area (CSA) in older adults (n (...)  = 1561).Protein intake was assessed at year 2 by a Block food-frequency questionnaire in participants (aged 70-79 y) of the Health, Aging, and Body Composition (Health ABC) Study, a prospective cohort study. At year 1 and year 6 mid-thigh muscle CSA in square centimeters was measured by computed tomography. Multiple linear regression analysis was used to examine the association between energy-adjusted protein residuals in grams per day (total, animal, and vegetable protein) and muscle CSA at year 6

2019 American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

2. Urinary Incontinence and Nocturia in Older Men: Associations with Body Mass, Composition, and Strength in the Health, Aging, and Body Composition Study. (Abstract)

Urinary Incontinence and Nocturia in Older Men: Associations with Body Mass, Composition, and Strength in the Health, Aging, and Body Composition Study. Among younger men, lower body mass is associated with fewer urinary symptoms, including incontinence and nocturia. However, lower body mass may have different implications for older men due to age-associated muscle atrophy and decreased strength.We conducted a prospective analysis of community-dwelling men, aged 70 to 79, in the multicenter (...) Health, Aging, and Body Composition Study who underwent measurement of body mass (physical examination), composition (dual x-ray absorptiometry), and strength (grip and lower leg dynamometry). Associations with prevalent incontinence and nocturia (from structured questionnaires), as well as concurrent changes in urinary symptoms over 3 years was evaluated using multivariate logistic regression.Of the 1,298 men analyzed, 22% reported incontinence and 52% reported nocturia at baseline. Higher body mass

2019 Journal of Urology

3. Old age psychiatry: Clinical imaging in dementia with Lewy bodies

Old age psychiatry: Clinical imaging in dementia with Lewy bodies Clinical imaging in dementia with Lewy bodies | Evidence-Based Mental Health We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use cookies, please see our . Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name (...) or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Clinical imaging in dementia with Lewy bodies Article Text Clinical review Old age psychiatry Clinical imaging in dementia with Lewy bodies Free Ajenthan Surendranathan , John Tiernan O’Brien Statistics from Altmetric.com Introduction Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB

2018 Evidence-Based Mental Health

4. Mortality in Relation to Changes in a Healthy Aging Index: The Health, Aging and Body Composition Study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Mortality in Relation to Changes in a Healthy Aging Index: The Health, Aging and Body Composition Study. Baseline scores on a Healthy Aging Index (HAI), including 5 key physiological domains, strongly predict health outcomes. This study aimed to characterize 9-year changes in a HAI and explore their relationship to subsequent mortality.Data are from the Health, Aging and Body Composition study of well-functioning adults aged 70-79. A HAI, which ranges from 0-10, was constructed at year 1 (...) (SD)) 4.3 (2.1) to 5.7 (2.1); mean within person change 1.5 (1.6). After multivariable adjustment HAI score was related to mortality from year 1 (Hazard Ratio (95% Confidence Interval) =1.17 (1.13 - 1.21) per unit) and year 10 (1.20 (1.14 - 1.27) per unit). The change between years was also related to mortality (1.08 (1.02 - 1.15) per unit change).HAI scores tended to increase with advancing age and stratified mortality rates among participants remaining at year 10. The HAI may prove useful

2018 Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences

5. Associations of Body Composition Trajectories with Bone Mineral Density, Muscle Function, Falls and Fractures in Older Men: The Concord Health and Ageing in Men Project. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Associations of Body Composition Trajectories with Bone Mineral Density, Muscle Function, Falls and Fractures in Older Men: The Concord Health and Ageing in Men Project. Weight loss increases fracture risk in older adults. We aimed to determine associations of two-year body composition trajectories with subsequent falls and fractures in older men.We measured appendicular lean mass (ALM) and total fat mass (FM) by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry at baseline and Year 2 in 1,326 community (...) -dwelling men aged ≥70 years. Body composition trajectories were determined from residuals of a linear regression of change in ALM on change in FM (higher values indicate maintenance of ALM over FM), and a categorical variable for change in ALM and FM (did not lose [≥-5% change] vs lost [<-5% change]). Bone mineral density (BMD), hand grip strength and gait speed were assessed at Years 2 and 5. After Year 2, incident fractures (confirmed by radiographic reports) and falls were recorded for 6.8

2019 Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences

6. Whole-body dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry demonstrates better reliability than segmental body composition analysis in college-aged students. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Whole-body dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry demonstrates better reliability than segmental body composition analysis in college-aged students. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is rapidly becoming more accessible and popular as a technique to monitor body composition. The reliability of DXA has been examined extensively using a number of different methodological approaches. This study sets up to investigate the accuracy of measuring the parameters of body composition (BC) by means (...) 0.00-0.02 kg females and 0.01-0.02 kg males in relation to the body segment (upper limb, trunk, lower limb). The BMD value was at the level of 0.01-0.02g/cm2. The study results showed high reliability in measuring body composition parameters using the DXA method. The whole-body analysis showed a higher accuracy of measurement than the segmental. Only the changes that are greater than the TEM, or the upper bound (95%) of the confidence interval of the measurement can be considered demonstrable when

2019 PLoS ONE

7. Age-dependent changes in physical performance and body composition in community-dwelling Japanese older adults. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Age-dependent changes in physical performance and body composition in community-dwelling Japanese older adults. The aim of this study was to describe the age-dependent changes in the parameters of physical performance and body composition in Japanese older adults who are independently dwelling in the community. We also examined whether the age-dependent changes differ among physical performance and body composition parameters.Cross-sectional data from 10 092 community-dwelling older adults (...) and presented according to 5-year age groups to examine the differences in age-dependent changes in physical performance and body composition parameters.All physical performance measures significantly decreased with aging. The cumulative mean T-scores according to age group showed different age-dependent changes between body mass index (BMI) and appendicular skeletal muscle mass index (ASMI) (cumulative mean T-score change of BMI and ASMI of -5.7 to -2.9 and -12.7 to -12.1, respectively). The slope declines

2017 Journal of cachexia, sarcopenia and muscle

8. Age- and sex-related differences in body composition in healthy subjects aged 18 to 82 years. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Age- and sex-related differences in body composition in healthy subjects aged 18 to 82 years. Significant changes in body composition are known to occur with aging. The aim of the present study was to provide a normative reference of body composition and to investigate age and sex-related differences in healthy subjects by multifrequency bioelectrical impedance analyzer (BIA).A cross-sectional study was conducted on a sample of 3451 healthy Chinese adults, 1611 males and 1840 females (...) . The volunteers were enrolled in 5 different age bands (18-30, 31-40, 41-50, 51-60, 60+). All subjects were measured for weight and height and submitted to BIA, to determine body composition. Body composition measures accounted for differences between men and women.A decrease in fat-free mass and increase in percent body fat was observed with aging, although the phenomenon was proved to be attenuated in women. The central and visceral redistribution of fat mass was also shown along lifetime.This study

2018 Medicine

9. Muscular performance and body composition changes following multi-joint versus combined multi- and single-joint exercises in aging adults. (Abstract)

Muscular performance and body composition changes following multi-joint versus combined multi- and single-joint exercises in aging adults. The aim of the present study was to compare muscular performance and body composition changes following low-volume resistance-training programs consisting of multi-joint (MJ) exercises (cable chest press and seated row) versus a combination of multi- and single-joint (MJ+SJ) exercises (cable chest press, seated row, biceps curl, and triceps extension (...) versus the MJ+SJ protocols after the intervention for any variables. In conclusion, for aging adults, either MJ or MJ+SJ low-volume resistance training resulted in similar increases in 12-RM, localized muscular endurance, and handgrip strength, without changes in body composition after 8 weeks of training.

2018 Applied physiology, nutrition, and metabolism = Physiologie appliquee, nutrition et metabolisme Controlled trial quality: uncertain

10. Early body composition changes are associated with neurodevelopmental and metabolic outcomes at 4 years of age in very preterm infants. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Early body composition changes are associated with neurodevelopmental and metabolic outcomes at 4 years of age in very preterm infants. Very preterm (VPT) infants are at-risk for altered growth, slower speed of processing (SOP), and hypertension. This study assesses the relationship between postnatal body composition (BC), neurodevelopment (indexed by SOP), and blood pressure (BP) in VPT infants.Thirty-four VPT infants underwent weekly measurements and BC testing until discharge and post

2018 Pediatric Research

11. Body composition changes in male patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: Aging or disease process? Full Text available with Trip Pro

Body composition changes in male patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: Aging or disease process? Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) mainly affects middle-age and elderly adults. It is unclear if the presence of muscle wasting and fat accumulation in patients with COPD is age or disease-related. This study investigated the effect of age and COPD disease severity on body composition with the aim of identifying a biomarker(s) for COPD.Healthy subjects and patients (...) were significantly lower in the moderate COPD compared to the healthy old group and were significant lower in subjects with severe COPD compared to those with moderate COPD. All fat depots were similar for both young and old healthy subjects and subjects with moderate COPD, but significantly decreased in patients with severe COPD.This study examined the changes in total and segmental body composition with aging and COPD severity. It found that aging and COPD altered the body composition differently

2017 PLoS ONE

12. Body mass index trajectories in early childhood in relation to cardiometabolic risk profile and body composition at 5 years of age. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Body mass index trajectories in early childhood in relation to cardiometabolic risk profile and body composition at 5 years of age. Both impaired and accelerated postnatal growth have been associated with adult risks of obesity and cardiometabolic diseases, like type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. However, the timing of the onset of cardiometabolic changes and the specific growth trajectories linking early growth with later disease risks are not well understood.The aim of this study (...) was to identify distinct trajectories of BMI growth from 0 to 5 y and examine their associations with body composition and markers of cardiometabolic risk at age 5 y.In a prospective birth cohort study of 453 healthy and term Ethiopian children with BMIs assessed a median of 9 times during follow-up, we identified subgroups of distinct BMI trajectories in early childhood using latent class trajectory modeling. Associations of the identified growth trajectories with cardiometabolic markers and body composition

2019 American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

13. Mitochondria-associated membranes in aging and senescence: structure, function, and dynamics Full Text available with Trip Pro

Mitochondria-associated membranes in aging and senescence: structure, function, and dynamics Sites of close contact between mitochondria and the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) are known as mitochondria-associated membranes (MAM) or mitochondria-ER contacts (MERCs), and play an important role in both cell physiology and pathology. A growing body of evidence indicates that changes observed in the molecular composition of MAM and in the number of MERCs predisposes MAM to be considered a dynamic (...) structure. Its involvement in processes such as lipid biosynthesis and trafficking, calcium homeostasis, reactive oxygen species production, and autophagy has been experimentally confirmed. Recently, MAM have also been studied in the context of different pathologies, including Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, type 2 diabetes mellitus and GM1-gangliosidosis. An underappreciated amount of data links MAM with aging or senescence processes. In the present review, we

2018 Cell death & disease

14. Greek Yogurt and 12 Weeks of Exercise Training on Strength, Muscle Thickness and Body Composition in Lean, Untrained, University-Aged Males. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Greek Yogurt and 12 Weeks of Exercise Training on Strength, Muscle Thickness and Body Composition in Lean, Untrained, University-Aged Males. Milk and/or whey protein plus resistance exercise (RT) increase strength and muscle size, and optimize body composition in adult males and females. Greek yogurt (GY) contains similar muscle-supporting nutrients as milk yet it is different in several ways including being a semi-solid food, containing bacterial cultures and having a higher protein content (...) (mostly casein) per serving. GY has yet to be investigated in the context of a RT program. The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of GY consumption plus RT on strength, muscle thickness and body composition in lean, untrained, university-aged males. Thirty untrained, university-aged (20.6 ± 2.2 years) males were randomized to 2 groups (n = 15/group): fat-free, plain GY or a Placebo Pudding (PP; isoenergetic carbohydrate-based pudding) and underwent a combined RT/plyometric training

2019 Frontiers in nutrition Controlled trial quality: uncertain

15. Mixed Session Periodization as a New Approach for Strength, Power, Functional Performance, and Body Composition Enhancement in Aging Adults. (Abstract)

Mixed Session Periodization as a New Approach for Strength, Power, Functional Performance, and Body Composition Enhancement in Aging Adults. Berzerra, ES, Orssatto, LBR, Moura, BM, Willardson, JM, Simão, R, and Moro, ARP. Mixed session periodization as a new approach for strength, power, functional performance, and body composition enhancement in aging adults. J Strength Cond Res 32(10): 2795-2806, 2018-The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of mixed session periodization (MSP) vs (...) . traditional periodization (TP) on strength, power, functional performance, and body composition in aging adults. Forty-five healthy aging adults were randomly divided into 3 groups: MSP, TP, and Control. Subjects were tested before the intervention for baseline values (week 4) and then repeated testing during (week 7 and week 11), as well as after the intervention (week 15). Subjects were tested on the following performance measures: 5 repetition maximum (5RM) leg press and seated leg curl; 12RM cable

2019 Journal of Strength And Conditioning Research Controlled trial quality: uncertain

16. Plant-based dietary patterns, body composition, muscle strength and function in middle and older age: a systematic review

Plant-based dietary patterns, body composition, muscle strength and function in middle and older age: a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any (...) are not reported or unclear, we will attempt to contact authors by e-mail (max. 2 attempts). In case an outcome is measured at multiple time points, data from the time point where efficacy is highest will be included. ">Methods for data extraction Example: Experimental groups, control group(s) and number of animals per group. ">Data to be extracted: study design Example: Species, sex, weight, age, co‐morbidity, anaesthetic agent used, method of induction of cardiac ischemia, duration of ischemia and duration

2019 PROSPERO

17. Association between Soluble Klotho and Change in Kidney Function: The Health Aging and Body Composition Study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Association between Soluble Klotho and Change in Kidney Function: The Health Aging and Body Composition Study. CKD appears to be a condition of soluble klotho deficiency. Despite known associations between low soluble klotho levels and conditions that promote kidney damage, such as oxidative stress and fibrosis, little information exists regarding the longitudinal association between soluble klotho levels and change in kidney function. We assayed serum soluble α-klotho in 2496 participants (...) within the Health Aging and Body Composition study, a cohort of older adults. The associations between soluble klotho levels and decline in kidney function (relative decline: eGFR decline ≥30%; absolute decline: eGFR decline >3 ml/min per year) and incident CKD (incident eGFR <60 ml/min per 1.73 m2 and >1 ml/min per year decline) were evaluated. We adjusted models for demographics, baseline eGFR, urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio, comorbidity, and measures of mineral metabolism. Among participants

2017 Journal of the American Society of Nephrology

18. Changes in Body Composition According to Age and Sex among Young Non-Diabetic Korean Adults: The Kangbuk Samsung Health Study Full Text available with Trip Pro

Changes in Body Composition According to Age and Sex among Young Non-Diabetic Korean Adults: The Kangbuk Samsung Health Study Age-related decreases in lean mass represent a serious health problem. We aimed to analyze the risks of rapid decreases in lean mass by age and sex in relatively young Korean adults during a 4-year follow-up study.A total of 65,856 non-diabetic participants (59.5% men, mean age 39.1 years) in a health screening program were subjected to bioimpedance body composition (...) analyses and metabolic parameter analyses at baseline and after 4 years. The participants were sub-divided according to age, and additionally to six groups by age and the degree of body weight change over the 4-year period. The actual changes in body weight, lean mass, and fat mass and the percent changes over the 4-year period were assessed.The percent change in lean mass decreased and the percent change of fat mass increased with increasing age in every age and sex group. However, the annual percent

2017 Endocrinology and Metabolism

19. Impact of Incident Heart Failure on Body Composition Over Time in the Health, Aging, and Body Composition Study Population. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Impact of Incident Heart Failure on Body Composition Over Time in the Health, Aging, and Body Composition Study Population. Prevalence of heart failure (HF) increases significantly with age, coinciding with age-related changes in body composition that are common and consequential. Still, body composition is rarely factored in routine HF care.The Health, Aging, and Body Composition study is a prospective cohort study of nondisabled adults. Using yearly dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry, body (...) composition was assessed in the Health, Aging, and Body Composition study over 6 years, comparing those who developed incident HF versus those who did not. Among 2815 Health, Aging, and Body Composition participants (48.5% men; 59.6% whites; mean age, 73.6±2.9 years), 111 developed incident HF over the 6-year study period. At entry into the Health, Aging, and Body Composition study, men and women who later developed HF had higher total body mass when compared with those versus those who did not develop HF

2017 Circulation. Heart failure

20. Impact of oscillatory-cycloid vibration interventions on body composition, waist and hip circumference, and blood lipid profile in women aged over 65 years with hypercholesterolaemia. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Impact of oscillatory-cycloid vibration interventions on body composition, waist and hip circumference, and blood lipid profile in women aged over 65 years with hypercholesterolaemia. Vibration therapy interventions are an attractive alternative for people with contraindications to physical activity or manifesting kinesiophobia; they constitute an equivalent to physical activity.A group of female volunteers with hypercholesterolemia (LDL over 3 mmol/l) aged over 65 years were randomized into 2 (...) intervention also resulted in lowering the AIP in the study group, as well as a decrease of hip circumference.Oscillatory-cycloid vibration applied regularly for a longer time can beneficially impact on lowering the level of total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol in people with hypercholesterolemia, although it does not influence body composition in women aged 65 years or more.

2018 Przeglad menopauzalny = Menopause review Controlled trial quality: uncertain

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