How to Trip Rapid Review

Step 1: Select articles relevant to your search (remember the system is only optimised for single intervention studies)

Step 2: press

Step 3: review the result, and maybe amend the or if you know better! If we're unsure of the overall sentiment of the trial we will display the conclusion under the article title. We then require you to tell us what the correct sentiment is.

10,495 results for

Body Composition Changes with Aging

by
...
Alerts

Export results

Use check boxes to select individual results below

SmartSearch available

Trip's SmartSearch engine has discovered connected searches & results. Click to show

1. Dietary protein intake is not associated with 5-y change in mid-thigh muscle cross-sectional area by computed tomography in older adults: the Health, Aging, and Body Composition (Health ABC) Study. (PubMed)

Dietary protein intake is not associated with 5-y change in mid-thigh muscle cross-sectional area by computed tomography in older adults: the Health, Aging, and Body Composition (Health ABC) Study. A higher protein intake is suggested to preserve muscle mass during aging and may therefore reduce the risk of sarcopenia.We explored whether the amount and type (animal or vegetable) of protein intake were associated with 5-y change in mid-thigh muscle cross-sectional area (CSA) in older adults (n (...)  = 1561).Protein intake was assessed at year 2 by a Block food-frequency questionnaire in participants (aged 70-79 y) of the Health, Aging, and Body Composition (Health ABC) Study, a prospective cohort study. At year 1 and year 6 mid-thigh muscle CSA in square centimeters was measured by computed tomography. Multiple linear regression analysis was used to examine the association between energy-adjusted protein residuals in grams per day (total, animal, and vegetable protein) and muscle CSA at year 6

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2019 American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

2. Mortality in Relation to Changes in a Healthy Aging Index: The Health, Aging and Body Composition Study. (PubMed)

Mortality in Relation to Changes in a Healthy Aging Index: The Health, Aging and Body Composition Study. Baseline scores on a Healthy Aging Index (HAI), including 5 key physiological domains, strongly predict health outcomes. This study aimed to characterize 9-year changes in a HAI and explore their relationship to subsequent mortality.Data are from the Health, Aging and Body Composition study of well-functioning adults aged 70-79. A HAI, which ranges from 0-10, was constructed at year 1 (...) (SD)) 4.3 (2.1) to 5.7 (2.1); mean within person change 1.5 (1.6). After multivariable adjustment HAI score was related to mortality from year 1 (Hazard Ratio (95% Confidence Interval) =1.17 (1.13 - 1.21) per unit) and year 10 (1.20 (1.14 - 1.27) per unit). The change between years was also related to mortality (1.08 (1.02 - 1.15) per unit change).HAI scores tended to increase with advancing age and stratified mortality rates among participants remaining at year 10. The HAI may prove useful

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2018 Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences

3. Whole-body dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry demonstrates better reliability than segmental body composition analysis in college-aged students. (PubMed)

Whole-body dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry demonstrates better reliability than segmental body composition analysis in college-aged students. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is rapidly becoming more accessible and popular as a technique to monitor body composition. The reliability of DXA has been examined extensively using a number of different methodological approaches. This study sets up to investigate the accuracy of measuring the parameters of body composition (BC) by means (...) 0.00-0.02 kg females and 0.01-0.02 kg males in relation to the body segment (upper limb, trunk, lower limb). The BMD value was at the level of 0.01-0.02g/cm2. The study results showed high reliability in measuring body composition parameters using the DXA method. The whole-body analysis showed a higher accuracy of measurement than the segmental. Only the changes that are greater than the TEM, or the upper bound (95%) of the confidence interval of the measurement can be considered demonstrable when

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2019 PLoS ONE

4. Muscular performance and body composition changes following multi-joint versus combined multi- and single-joint exercises in aging adults. (PubMed)

Muscular performance and body composition changes following multi-joint versus combined multi- and single-joint exercises in aging adults. The aim of the present study was to compare muscular performance and body composition changes following low-volume resistance-training programs consisting of multi-joint (MJ) exercises (cable chest press and seated row) versus a combination of multi- and single-joint (MJ+SJ) exercises (cable chest press, seated row, biceps curl, and triceps extension (...) versus the MJ+SJ protocols after the intervention for any variables. In conclusion, for aging adults, either MJ or MJ+SJ low-volume resistance training resulted in similar increases in 12-RM, localized muscular endurance, and handgrip strength, without changes in body composition after 8 weeks of training.

2018 Applied physiology, nutrition, and metabolism = Physiologie appliquee, nutrition et metabolisme

5. Early body composition changes are associated with neurodevelopmental and metabolic outcomes at 4 years of age in very preterm infants. (PubMed)

Early body composition changes are associated with neurodevelopmental and metabolic outcomes at 4 years of age in very preterm infants. Very preterm (VPT) infants are at-risk for altered growth, slower speed of processing (SOP), and hypertension. This study assesses the relationship between postnatal body composition (BC), neurodevelopment (indexed by SOP), and blood pressure (BP) in VPT infants.Thirty-four VPT infants underwent weekly measurements and BC testing until discharge and post

2018 Pediatric Research

6. Association between Soluble Klotho and Change in Kidney Function: The Health Aging and Body Composition Study. (PubMed)

Association between Soluble Klotho and Change in Kidney Function: The Health Aging and Body Composition Study. CKD appears to be a condition of soluble klotho deficiency. Despite known associations between low soluble klotho levels and conditions that promote kidney damage, such as oxidative stress and fibrosis, little information exists regarding the longitudinal association between soluble klotho levels and change in kidney function. We assayed serum soluble α-klotho in 2496 participants (...) within the Health Aging and Body Composition study, a cohort of older adults. The associations between soluble klotho levels and decline in kidney function (relative decline: eGFR decline ≥30%; absolute decline: eGFR decline >3 ml/min per year) and incident CKD (incident eGFR <60 ml/min per 1.73 m2 and >1 ml/min per year decline) were evaluated. We adjusted models for demographics, baseline eGFR, urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio, comorbidity, and measures of mineral metabolism. Among participants

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2017 Journal of the American Society of Nephrology

7. Age-dependent changes in physical performance and body composition in community-dwelling Japanese older adults. (PubMed)

Age-dependent changes in physical performance and body composition in community-dwelling Japanese older adults. The aim of this study was to describe the age-dependent changes in the parameters of physical performance and body composition in Japanese older adults who are independently dwelling in the community. We also examined whether the age-dependent changes differ among physical performance and body composition parameters.Cross-sectional data from 10 092 community-dwelling older adults (...) and presented according to 5-year age groups to examine the differences in age-dependent changes in physical performance and body composition parameters.All physical performance measures significantly decreased with aging. The cumulative mean T-scores according to age group showed different age-dependent changes between body mass index (BMI) and appendicular skeletal muscle mass index (ASMI) (cumulative mean T-score change of BMI and ASMI of -5.7 to -2.9 and -12.7 to -12.1, respectively). The slope declines

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2017 Journal of cachexia, sarcopenia and muscle

8. Changes in Body Composition According to Age and Sex among Young Non-Diabetic Korean Adults: The Kangbuk Samsung Health Study (PubMed)

Changes in Body Composition According to Age and Sex among Young Non-Diabetic Korean Adults: The Kangbuk Samsung Health Study Age-related decreases in lean mass represent a serious health problem. We aimed to analyze the risks of rapid decreases in lean mass by age and sex in relatively young Korean adults during a 4-year follow-up study.A total of 65,856 non-diabetic participants (59.5% men, mean age 39.1 years) in a health screening program were subjected to bioimpedance body composition (...) analyses and metabolic parameter analyses at baseline and after 4 years. The participants were sub-divided according to age, and additionally to six groups by age and the degree of body weight change over the 4-year period. The actual changes in body weight, lean mass, and fat mass and the percent changes over the 4-year period were assessed.The percent change in lean mass decreased and the percent change of fat mass increased with increasing age in every age and sex group. However, the annual percent

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2017 Endocrinology and Metabolism

9. Impact of Incident Heart Failure on Body Composition Over Time in the Health, Aging, and Body Composition Study Population. (PubMed)

Impact of Incident Heart Failure on Body Composition Over Time in the Health, Aging, and Body Composition Study Population. Prevalence of heart failure (HF) increases significantly with age, coinciding with age-related changes in body composition that are common and consequential. Still, body composition is rarely factored in routine HF care.The Health, Aging, and Body Composition study is a prospective cohort study of nondisabled adults. Using yearly dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry, body (...) composition was assessed in the Health, Aging, and Body Composition study over 6 years, comparing those who developed incident HF versus those who did not. Among 2815 Health, Aging, and Body Composition participants (48.5% men; 59.6% whites; mean age, 73.6±2.9 years), 111 developed incident HF over the 6-year study period. At entry into the Health, Aging, and Body Composition study, men and women who later developed HF had higher total body mass when compared with those versus those who did not develop HF

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2017 Circulation. Heart failure

10. Age-Related Changes in Segmental Body Composition by Ethnicity and History of Weight Change across the Adult Lifespan (PubMed)

Age-Related Changes in Segmental Body Composition by Ethnicity and History of Weight Change across the Adult Lifespan This study assessed age-related changes in body composition (specifically in trunk fat and appendicular lean masses), with consideration of body mass index (BMI) at age 20 years (BMI reference age, "BMIref"), ethnicity and lifetime weight change history. A cross-sectional dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry-based dataset was extracted from the U.S. National Health and Nutrition (...) Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999-2004. Only European-American and African-American subjects were used (2705 men, 2527 women). For each gender and ethnicity, 6 analytic cases were considered, based on three BMIref categories (normal, overweight and obese, being 22, 27 and 30 kg/m², respectively) and two weight contexts (stable weight or weight gain across the lifespan). A nonparametric model was developed to investigate age-related changes in body composition. Then, parametric modelling was developed

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2016 International journal of environmental research and public health

11. Impact of weight loss-associated changes in detailed body composition as assessed by whole-body MRI on plasma insulin levels and homeostatis model assessment index. (PubMed)

Impact of weight loss-associated changes in detailed body composition as assessed by whole-body MRI on plasma insulin levels and homeostatis model assessment index. We assessed the effect of weight loss-associated changes in detailed body composition on plasma insulin levels and homeostatic model assessment (HOMA) index to calculate the magnitude of reduction in different adipose tissue depots required to improve insulin sensitivity.A total of 50 subjects aged 20-69 years were studied (...) . The participants were compiled from low-calorie diet interventions and bariatric surgery and differed in their baseline body mass index (BMI; range 21.6-54.4 kg/m2) and degree of weight losses (range -3.3 to -56.9 kg). Detailed body composition and liver fat were measured using whole-body magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Insulin resistance was assessed by HOMA.Mean body weight decreased by -16.0±13.6 kg. Significant changes were observed in total adipose tissue (TATMRI, range -0.5 to -36.0 kg), total

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2018 European journal of clinical nutrition

12. Mixed Session Periodization as a New Approach for Strength, Power, Functional Performance, and Body Composition Enhancement in Aging Adults. (PubMed)

Mixed Session Periodization as a New Approach for Strength, Power, Functional Performance, and Body Composition Enhancement in Aging Adults. Berzerra, ES, Orssatto, LBR, Moura, BM, Willardson, JM, Simão, R, and Moro, ARP. Mixed session periodization as a new approach for strength, power, functional performance, and body composition enhancement in aging adults. J Strength Cond Res 32(10): 2795-2806, 2018-The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of mixed session periodization (MSP) vs (...) . traditional periodization (TP) on strength, power, functional performance, and body composition in aging adults. Forty-five healthy aging adults were randomly divided into 3 groups: MSP, TP, and Control. Subjects were tested before the intervention for baseline values (week 4) and then repeated testing during (week 7 and week 11), as well as after the intervention (week 15). Subjects were tested on the following performance measures: 5 repetition maximum (5RM) leg press and seated leg curl; 12RM cable

2019 Journal of Strength And Conditioning Research

13. Effects of various interval training regimes on changes in maximal oxygen uptake, body composition, and muscular strength in sedentary women with obesity. (PubMed)

Effects of various interval training regimes on changes in maximal oxygen uptake, body composition, and muscular strength in sedentary women with obesity. We determined the effects of two high-intensity interval training (HIIT) regimens [the traditional (TRAD) and periodized (PER)] on changes in maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max), body composition, and muscular strength in sedentary, obese women.Seventeen women (age and BMI = 37.5 ± 10.5 year and 39.1 ± 4.3 kg/m2) were randomized into a 6 week (...) were unaltered (p > 0.05) in response to training, yet there was a significant change in percent body fat (p = 0.03), percent fat-free mass (p = 0.03), and absolute fat-free mass (p = 0.03) in TRAD but not PER. No change occurred in KE (p = 0.36) or KF torque (p = 0.75) in response to training and there was no group-by-time interaction (p > 0.05).Low-volume HIIT improved VO2max and body composition but did not modify muscular strength, which suggests that obese women desiring to increase strength

2019 European journal of applied physiology

14. Age- and sex-related differences in body composition in healthy subjects aged 18 to 82 years. (PubMed)

Age- and sex-related differences in body composition in healthy subjects aged 18 to 82 years. Significant changes in body composition are known to occur with aging. The aim of the present study was to provide a normative reference of body composition and to investigate age and sex-related differences in healthy subjects by multifrequency bioelectrical impedance analyzer (BIA).A cross-sectional study was conducted on a sample of 3451 healthy Chinese adults, 1611 males and 1840 females (...) . The volunteers were enrolled in 5 different age bands (18-30, 31-40, 41-50, 51-60, 60+). All subjects were measured for weight and height and submitted to BIA, to determine body composition. Body composition measures accounted for differences between men and women.A decrease in fat-free mass and increase in percent body fat was observed with aging, although the phenomenon was proved to be attenuated in women. The central and visceral redistribution of fat mass was also shown along lifetime.This study

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2018 Medicine

15. Body Composition Changes with Aging

Body Composition Changes with Aging Body Composition Changes with Aging Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Body (...) Composition Changes with Aging Body Composition Changes with Aging Aka: Body Composition Changes with Aging II. Physiology Lean mass decreases by as much as 0.7 lb or 0.3 kg per year, starting after age 20-30 years Fat mass Fat mass increases until age 65 to 70 years that offsets losses in Total body weight Weight increases until it peaks at age 60 years old Weight decreases 0.2 to 0.4 lb (0.1 to 0.2 kg) per year after age 70 years old III. References Images: Related links to external sites (from Bing

2018 FP Notebook

16. Age-Dependent Changes in Resting Energy Expenditure (REE): Insights from Detailed Body Composition Analysis in Normal and Overweight Healthy Caucasians (PubMed)

Age-Dependent Changes in Resting Energy Expenditure (REE): Insights from Detailed Body Composition Analysis in Normal and Overweight Healthy Caucasians Age-related changes in organ and tissue masses may add to changes in the relationship between resting energy expenditure (REE) and fat free mass (FFM) in normal and overweight healthy Caucasians. Secondary analysis using cross-sectional data of 714 healthy normal and overweight Caucasian subjects (age 18-83 years) with comprehensive information (...) in the contributions of organ and muscle masses to FFM; and (iii) decreases in specific organ and tissue metabolic rates. Age-dependent changes in the REE-FFMassociation are explained by composition of FFM, inflammation and thyroid hormones.

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2016 Nutrients

17. Urinary Incontinence in Older Women: The Role of Body Composition and Muscle Strength: From the Health, Aging, and Body Composition Study. (PubMed)

% or greater increase in walking speed was associated with new or persistent UUI over 3 years (AOR = 1.54, P = .04).In women aged 70 and older, changes in body composition and grip strength were associated with changes in SUI frequency over time. In contrast, changes in these factors did not influence UUI. Findings suggest that optimization of body composition and muscle strength is more likely to modify risk of SUI than of UUI in older women.© 2016, Copyright the Authors Journal compilation © 2016 (...) Urinary Incontinence in Older Women: The Role of Body Composition and Muscle Strength: From the Health, Aging, and Body Composition Study. To evaluate prospective relationships between body composition and muscle strength with predominantly stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and urgency urinary incontinence (UUI) in older women.Prospective community-dwelling observational cohort study (Health, Aging, and Body Composition study).Women initially aged 70 to 79 recruited from Pittsburgh

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2016 Journal of the American Geriatrics Society

18. Body Composition Remodeling and Mortality: The Health Aging and Body Composition Study. (PubMed)

Body Composition Remodeling and Mortality: The Health Aging and Body Composition Study. Age-related losses of lean mass and shifts to central adiposity are related to functional decline and may predict mortality and/or explain part of the risk of weight loss. To determine how mortality risk is related to shifts in body composition, changes should be considered in the context of overall weight change.Five-year changes in body composition were assessed with computed tomography (cm2) and dual x (...) -ray absorptiometry (kg) in 869 men and 934 women initially aged 70-79 years. All-cause mortality was monitored for up to 12 years (2002-2003 to September 30, 2014), and risk was assessed using sex-specific Cox models.Both men and women lost weight, visceral fat area, thigh muscle area, lean mass, and fat mass (all p < .01) but gained intermuscular thigh fat area (p < .01). There were 995 deaths. After adjustment for total weight change, demographics, and chronic disease, losing thigh muscle area

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2016 Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences

19. Validation of two portable bioelectrical impedance analyses for the assessment of body composition in school age children. (PubMed)

Validation of two portable bioelectrical impedance analyses for the assessment of body composition in school age children. Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) is a convenient and child-friendly method for longitudinal analysis of changes in body composition. However, most validation studies of BIA have been performed on adult Caucasians. The present cross-sectional study investigated the validity of two portable BIA devices, the Inbody 230 (BIA8MF) and the Tanita BC-418 (BIA8SF), in healthy (...) Taiwanese children.Children aged 7-12 years (72 boys and 78 girls) were recruited. Body composition was measured by the BIA8SF and the BIA8MF. Dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) was used as the reference method.There were strong linear correlations in body composition measurements between the BIA8SF and DXA and between the BIA8MF and DXA. Both BIAs underestimated fat mass (FM) and percentage body fat (%BF) relative to DXA in both genders The degree of agreement in lean body mass (LBM), FM, and %BF

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2017 PLoS ONE

20. Changes in Body Weight and Composition Are Associated With Changes in Left Ventricular Geometry and Function in the General Population: SHIP (Study of Health in Pomerania). (PubMed)

Changes in Body Weight and Composition Are Associated With Changes in Left Ventricular Geometry and Function in the General Population: SHIP (Study of Health in Pomerania). The different effects of total body weight (TBW), fat-free mass (FFM), and fat mass (FM) on left ventricular (LV) geometry and function are complex. We investigated the associations of changes over time in TBW, FM, and FFM with changes in LV geometry and function.We analyzed data from 1189 subjects (694 women), aged 44 to 86 (...) years, from the baseline and the 5-year follow-up examination of the population-based SHIP (Study of Health in Pomerania). TBW was measured, and FFM and FM were calculated based on height-weight models derived from bioelectrical impedance studies. Echocardiographic measurements of LV geometry and function were performed according to the guidelines of the American Society of Echocardiography. Changes in body composition measures were associated with changes in LV geometry and function

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2017 Circulation. Cardiovascular imaging

To help you find the content you need quickly, you can filter your results via the categories on the right-hand side >>>>