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Blunt Eye Trauma

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1. Trauma blunt

Trauma blunt Trauma (blunt) submit The College submit You're here: Trauma (blunt) Trauma (blunt) The CMGs are guidelines on the diagnosis and management of a range of common and rare, but important, eye conditions that present with varying frequency in primary and first contact care. Share options Aetiology Blow to the eye: accidental (e.g. RTA, industrial, domestic, sports) or non-accidental (e.g. fist) Also known as ocular contusion Predisposing factors Usually unexpected but may (...) ) may be fractured and this may cause the eye or one of the muscles that moves it to be displaced. The blow to the eye may also damage the structures inside the eye and may cause internal bleeding or raised eye pressure. Such cases need to be referred as emergencies to the ophthalmologist. Trauma (blunt) Version 12 Date of search 17.08.17 Date of revision 30.01.18 Date of publication 09.05.18 Date for review 16.08.19 © College of Optometrists View more Also in this section The College

2018 College of Optometrists

2. The bull's-eye sign: A hallmark radiologic sign of complete ureteropelvic junction disruption after blunt renal trauma (PubMed)

The bull's-eye sign: A hallmark radiologic sign of complete ureteropelvic junction disruption after blunt renal trauma 29541590 2019 02 26 2214-4420 17 2018 Mar Urology case reports Urol Case Rep The bull's-eye sign: A hallmark radiologic sign of complete ureteropelvic junction disruption after blunt renal trauma. 91-93 10.1016/j.eucr.2018.01.017 Donnenfeld Samuel R SR Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, United States. Keihani Sorena S Division (...) of Urology, Department of Surgery, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, United States. Young Jason B JB Division of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, United States. Majercik Sarah S Division of Trauma and Surgical Critical Care, Intermountain Medical Center, Murray, UT, United States. Hotaling James M JM Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, United States. Myers Jeremy B JB Division of Urology

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2018 Urology case reports

3. An Uncommon Meridional Globe Rupture due to Blunt Eye Trauma (PubMed)

An Uncommon Meridional Globe Rupture due to Blunt Eye Trauma Open globe injury (OGI) is a severe form of eye trauma. It is an important cause of monocular blindness worldwide. Ruptures from blunt trauma are most common at the sites where the sclera is thinnest, at the insertions of the extraocular muscles, and at the limbus. Most often, rupture is equatorial. We present a unique case of open globe injury due to blunt ocular trauma from a thrown rock that resulted in a meridional rupture (...) of the eye. The pertinent literature is reviewed.

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2018 Case Reports in Emergency Medicine

4. Eye trauma

to mechanical trauma (blunt or penetrating), chemical agents, or ultraviolet and ionising radiations. In the absence of severe ocular compromise, most conservative treatments for standard eye complaints produce healing within 48 to 72 hours. It is important to make the public aware of the benefits of using protective equipment because most eye injuries are preventable. Definition Refers to any injury to the eye. The injury may have been due to mechanical trauma (blunt or penetrating), chemical agents (...) Eye trauma Eye trauma - Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment | BMJ Best Practice You'll need a subscription to access all of BMJ Best Practice Search  Eye trauma Last reviewed: February 2019 Last updated: March 2018 Summary A leading cause of visual loss and blindness that frequently affects young people. Worldwide, there are approximately 1.6 million people blind from eye injuries, 2.3 million with bilateral visual impairment, and 19 million with unilateral visual loss. The injuries may be due

2018 BMJ Best Practice

5. Blunt Eye Trauma

Blunt Eye Trauma Blunt Eye Trauma Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Blunt Eye Trauma Blunt Eye Trauma Aka: Blunt Eye (...) Images: Related links to external sites (from Bing) These images are a random sampling from a Bing search on the term "Blunt Eye Trauma." Click on the image (or right click) to open the source website in a new browser window. Related Studies (from Trip Database) Related Topics in Traumatic Injury About FPnotebook.com is a rapid access, point-of-care medical reference for primary care and emergency clinicians. Started in 1995, this collection now contains 6656 interlinked topic pages divided

2018 FP Notebook

6. Toy gun eye injuries - eye protection needed Helsinki ocular trauma study. (PubMed)

Toy gun eye injuries - eye protection needed Helsinki ocular trauma study. We report the epidemiology, findings, treatment, long-term outcome and use of resources for eye injuries caused by toy guns in southern Finland.All new patients injured by toy guns in one year (2011-2012) and treated at Helsinki University Eye Hospital were included. Follow-ups occurred at 3 months and 5 years.Toy guns caused 15 eye traumas (1% of all eye traumas). Most patients were male (n = 14) and children aged under (...) 16 years (n = 13). Toy guns involved were airsoft guns (n = 12), pea shooters (n = 2) and paintball (n = 1). Eleven patients did not use protective eyewear, and four patients discontinued their use during the game. Seven patients were not active participants in the game. Blunt ocular trauma was the primary diagnosis in 13 patients and corneal abrasion in two. Seven patients had retinal findings. In the 5-year follow-up, eight of 15 patients had abnormal ocular findings: three had artificial

2018 Acta ophthalmologica

7. Mechanical Evaluation of Retinal Damage Associated With Blunt Craniomaxillofacial Trauma: A Simulation Analysis (PubMed)

Mechanical Evaluation of Retinal Damage Associated With Blunt Craniomaxillofacial Trauma: A Simulation Analysis To evaluate retinal damage as the result of craniomaxillofacial trauma and explain its pathogenic mechanism using finite element (FE) simulation.Computed tomography (CT) images of an adult man were obtained to construct a FE skull model. A FE skin model was built to cover the outer surface of the skull model. A previously validated FE right eye model was symmetrically copied to create (...) is variable in craniomaxillofacial trauma depending on the struck region, and the damage is highly related to IOP variation caused by indirect blunt eye trauma.This finite element eye model allows us to evaluate and understand the indirect ocular injury mechanisms in craniomaxillofacial trauma for better clinical diagnosis and treatment.

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2018 Translational vision science & technology

8. Central retinal artery occlusion and traumatic optic neuropathy following blunt ocular trauma (PubMed)

Central retinal artery occlusion and traumatic optic neuropathy following blunt ocular trauma 29862194 2018 11 14 2222-3959 11 5 2018 International journal of ophthalmology Int J Ophthalmol Central retinal artery occlusion and traumatic optic neuropathy following blunt ocular trauma. 893-897 10.18240/ijo.2018.05.29 Zvorničanin Jasmin J Department of Ophthalmology, University Clinical Center Tuzla, Trnovac bb, Tuzla 75000, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Kuhn Ferenc F International Society of Ocular (...) Trama Birmingham; Birmingham 35200, AL, USA. Milos Eye Clinic, Belgrade 11000, Serbia. Zagorskiego Eye Clinic, Krakow 30001, Poland. Halilbašić Meliha M Department of Ophthalmology, University Clinical Center Tuzla, Trnovac bb, Tuzla 75000, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Mušanović Zlatko Z Department of Ophthalmology, University Clinical Center Tuzla, Trnovac bb, Tuzla 75000, Bosnia and Herzegovina. eng Journal Article 2018 05 18 China Int J Ophthalmol 101553860 2222-3959 2017 03 05 2017 09 26 2018 6 5 6 0

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2018 International journal of ophthalmology

9. Spontaneous resolution of isolated neurogenic blepharoptosis after blunt trauma: A case report and literature review. (PubMed)

Spontaneous resolution of isolated neurogenic blepharoptosis after blunt trauma: A case report and literature review. Complete isolated neurogenic blepharoptosis caused by blunt trauma is a sporadically reported rare entity and there is no consensus regarding the optimal treatment. We would like to report a rare case of isolated neurogenic blepharoptosis secondary to eyelid trauma with spontaneous recovery occurring within 4 weeks.A previously healthy 47-year-old man presented (...) was managed conservatively without any specific treatment. Four weeks later, the patient had normal, symmetric lid height, and levator function was completely restored.Isolated neurogenic blepharoptosis can be caused by blunt trauma, which might cause injury to the terminal branch of the oculomotor nerve. In this case, no special treatment was required, and complete resolution was achieved within 4 weeks.

2018 Medicine

10. Wavefront analysis to diagnose blunt trauma-induced Weigert ligament dialysis: Isolated peripheral posterior lenticonus. (PubMed)

Wavefront analysis to diagnose blunt trauma-induced Weigert ligament dialysis: Isolated peripheral posterior lenticonus. A 15-year-old male patient presented with vision loss after blunt trauma to the right eye and with clinical evidence of posterior lenticonus. The posttraumatic lenticonus was eccentric (superotemporal). Irregular astigmatism with high myopia on dilated retinoscopy within the lenticonus, localized posterior convexity of peripheral capsule on ultrasound biomicroscopy (...) , and increased higher-order aberrations (HOAs) on wavefront aberrometry compared with fellow-eye findings confirmed the diagnosis. To our knowledge, acquired peripheral posterior lenticonus representing dialysis of Weigert ligament after acute blunt trauma is a new finding. This case provides an insight into the pattern of higher HOAs associated with any type of lenticonus.Copyright © 2018 ASCRS and ESCRS. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

2018 Journal of cataract and refractive surgery

11. Blood flow velocity and thickness of the choroid in a patient with chorioretinopathy associated with ocular blunt trauma. (PubMed)

Blood flow velocity and thickness of the choroid in a patient with chorioretinopathy associated with ocular blunt trauma. Choroidal circulation hemodynamics in eyes with ocular blunt trauma has not been quantitatively examined yet. We quantitatively examined changes in choroidal blood flow velocity and thickness at the lesion site using laser speckle flowgraphy (LSFG) and enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography (EDI-OCT) in a patient with chorioretinopathy associated with ocular (...) blunt trauma.A 13-year-old boy developed a chorioretinal lesion with pigmentation extending from the optic disc to the superotemporal side in the right eye after ocular blunt trauma. The patient's best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was 0.2 in the right eye. Indocyanine green angiography showed hypofluorescence from the initial phase, with a decrease of mean blur rate (MBR) on LSFG color map, which corresponded to the chorioretinal lesion. The BCVA and foveal outer retinal morphologic abnormality

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2017 BMC Ophthalmology

12. Retinal Pigment Epithelium Sequelae Caused by Blunt Ocular Trauma: Incidence, Visual Outcome, and Associated Factors (PubMed)

Retinal Pigment Epithelium Sequelae Caused by Blunt Ocular Trauma: Incidence, Visual Outcome, and Associated Factors Vision loss can occur in eyes with blunt ocular trauma, but the causes have not been elucidated fully. We encountered cases of retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) sequelae following blunt ocular trauma associated with permanent vision loss in our cohort of patients with blunt ocular trauma. In this multicentre retrospective cohort study on 129 patients with retinal abnormalities (...) caused by acute blunt ocular trauma, we investigated the incidence of RPE sequelae and evaluated associated factors and visual outcomes. RPE sequelae, which typically presented as hyperpigmentation within well-demarcated hypopigmented lesions, occurred in 29 (22.5%) patients within 1 month of trauma. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) revealed complete photoreceptor loss over the abnormal RPE. Final visual outcomes were significantly different between eyes with and without RPE sequelae. Logistic

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2017 Scientific reports

13. Inferior subconjunctival dislocation of posterior chamber intraocular lens after blunt trauma (PubMed)

Inferior subconjunctival dislocation of posterior chamber intraocular lens after blunt trauma Traumatic subconjunctival dislocation of the posterior chamber intraocular lens (PCIOL) is a rare and emergency condition. Here, we report an interesting variation of rare case of inferior subconjuctival dislocation of PCIOL in a 75-year-old female patient following blunt trauma to her right eye with cow's head. All the previous literature with subconjuctival dislocation of PCIOL has reported

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2017 Indian journal of ophthalmology

14. Airbag-Associated Severe Blunt Eye Injury Causes Choroidal Rupture and Retinal Hemorrhage: A Case Report (PubMed)

Airbag-Associated Severe Blunt Eye Injury Causes Choroidal Rupture and Retinal Hemorrhage: A Case Report A case of choroidal rupture caused by airbag-associated blunt eye trauma and complicated with massive subretinal hemorrhage and vitreous hemorrhage that was successfully treated with intravitreal injection of expansile gas and bevacizumab is presented. A 53-year-old man suffered from loss of vision in his right eye due to blunt eye trauma by a safety airbag after a traffic accident (...) . On initial examination, the patient had no light perception in his right eye. Dilated ophthalmoscopy revealed massive subretinal hemorrhage with macular invasion and faint vitreous hemorrhage. We performed intravitreal injection of pure sulfur hexafluoride twice for displacement, after which visual acuity improved to 0.03. For persistent subretinal hemorrhage and suspicion of choroidal neovascularization (CNV), intravitreal bevacizumab (1.25 mg/0.05 mL) injection was administered. After 3 weeks

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2017 Case reports in ophthalmology

15. Abusive Head Trauma and the Eye in Infancy

Abusive Head Trauma and the Eye in Infancy 1 The Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health and The Royal College of Ophthalmologists Abusive Head Trauma and the Eye in Infancy June 2013 Scientific Department The Royal College of Ophthalmologists 17 Cornwall Terrace Regent’s Park London NW1 4QW Telephone: 020 7935 0702 Facsimile: 020 7487 4674 www.rcophth.ac.uk © The Royal College of Ophthalmologists 2013 All rights reserved For permission to reproduce any of the content contained herein (...) and the controversies 5. Provide a balanced view on the interpretation of eye findings when requested to by legal services. 1.2. Terminology Non accidental injury (NAI) or non-accidental head injury (NAHI) and shaken baby syndrome (SBS) are terms that have been used synonymously in previous college publications to describe the forms of physical abuse most relevant to the ophthalmologist. Abusive head trauma (AHT) is the currently accepted term and will be used in addition to the previously accepted terminology. 1.3

2013 Royal College of Ophthalmologists

16. Isolated Anterior Lens Capsule Rupture Secondary to Blunt Trauma: Pathophysiology and Treatment (PubMed)

Isolated Anterior Lens Capsule Rupture Secondary to Blunt Trauma: Pathophysiology and Treatment A 25-year-old man suffered an isolated lens anterior capsular tear and mature cataract formation following blunt injury to his right eye. One week after the trauma, best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) in the right eye was hand motion. B-scan ultrasonography showed that the lens posterior capsule was intact; no vitreous foreign body or retinal pathology were observed. Orbital computed tomography (...) revealed narrowed anterior chamber and increased lens material volume and lens reflectivity in the injured right eye. The globe was intact and no bone fractures were observed. The cataractous lens material was removed by phacoemulsification and a foldable, acrylic, posterior chamber intraocular lens was implanted in the bag. Postoperative BCVA in the right eye was 20/20.

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2016 Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology

17. Oxygen Saturation in Closed-Globe Blunt Ocular Trauma (PubMed)

Oxygen Saturation in Closed-Globe Blunt Ocular Trauma Purpose. To evaluate the oxygen saturation in retinal blood vessels in patients after closed-globe blunt ocular trauma. Design. Retrospective observational case series. Methods. Retinal oximetry was performed in both eyes of 29 patients with unilateral closed-globe blunt ocular trauma. Arterial oxygen saturation (SaO2), venous oxygen saturation (SvO2), arteriovenous difference in oxygen saturation (SO2), arteriolar diameter, venular diameter (...) , and arteriovenous difference in diameter were measured. Association parameters including age, finger pulse oximetry, systolic pressure, diastolic pressure, and heart rate were analyzed. Results. The mean SaO2 in traumatic eyes (98.1% ± 6.8%) was not significantly different from SaO2 in unaffected ones (95.3% ± 7.2%) (p = 0.136). Mean SvO2 in traumatic eyes (57.1% ± 10.6%) was significantly lower than in unaffected ones (62.3% ± 8.4%) (p = 0.044). The arteriovenous difference in SO2 in traumatic eyes (41.0

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2016 BioMed research international

18. Clinical characteristics and prognostic factors of scleral rupture due to blunt ocular trauma (PubMed)

Clinical characteristics and prognostic factors of scleral rupture due to blunt ocular trauma PurposeTo describe and identify ocular and wound characteristics, and prognostic factors associated with final visual acuity (VA) in patients with scleral rupture due to blunt ocular trauma.MethodsThe medical records of 61 patients with globe rupture due to blunt ocular trauma who underwent primary repair were reviewed retrospectively. The data recorded included demographic characteristics, initial (...) and final VA, ocular signs, wound characteristics, and surgeries. Initial VA, ocular signs, wound characteristics, and surgeries were analyzed to determine the association with the final VA.ResultsForty three women and 18 men with a mean age of 43.6±23.5 years were included in the study. The locations of scleral wounds were mostly in the superonasal quadrant (41.0%) and zone 2 (75.4%). In eyes with hyphema (P=0.009), vitreous hemorrhage (P=0.001), and retinal detachment (P=0.004), final VA

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2016 Eye

19. Posterior capsule rupture with herniation of lens fragment following blunt ocular trauma (PubMed)

Posterior capsule rupture with herniation of lens fragment following blunt ocular trauma Posterior capsule rupture with herniated lens fragment in the vitreous cavity on magnetic resonance imaging has not been reported in India until now; however, it has been reported in other countries. Therefore, this study reports the case of a 15-year-old boy presenting with posttraumatic loss of vision in the right eye due to posterior capsular rupture and herniation of lens material into the vitreous (...) to restore vision in the affected eye.

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2016 International medical case reports journal

20. Cataract secondary to self-inflicted blunt trauma in children with autism spectrum disorder. (PubMed)

Cataract secondary to self-inflicted blunt trauma in children with autism spectrum disorder. We report 3 cases of bilateral cataract secondary to self-inflicted blunt eye trauma in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). All 3 children hit their foreheads, orbits, or globes repeatedly for long periods of time and developed cataracts. Clinicians must be aware of this phenomenon to diagnose ocular pathology early and to provide adequate education, counseling, and services to affected

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2016 JAAPOS - Journal of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus

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