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Behavior Modification

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1. Effectiveness of nurse-led patient-centered care behavioral risk modification on secondary prevention of coronary heart disease: A systematic review

Effectiveness of nurse-led patient-centered care behavioral risk modification on secondary prevention of coronary heart disease: A systematic review Despite establishment of advocacies centered on using patient-centered care to improve disease-related behavioral changes and health outcomes, studies have seldom discussed incorporation of patient-centered care concept in the design of secondary cardiac prevention.This review aimed to identify, appraise, and examine existing evidence (...) on the effectiveness of nurse-led patient-centered care for secondary cardiac prevention in patients with coronary heart disease.A systematic review of randomized controlled trials focusing on nurse-led patient-centered care for secondary cardiac prevention was conducted. Primary outcomes were behavioral risks (e.g. smoking, physical activity), secondary outcomes were clinically relevant physiological parameters (e.g. body weight, blood pressure, blood glucose, blood lipoproteins), health-related quality of life

2018 EvidenceUpdates

2. Effect of Bronchodilation, Exercise Training, and Behavior Modification on Symptoms and Physical Activity in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Effect of Bronchodilation, Exercise Training, and Behavior Modification on Symptoms and Physical Activity in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Bronchodilation and exercise training (ExT) improve exercise tolerance in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD); however, behavior modification is required to impact daily physical activity (PA).To assess whether tiotropium/olodaterol, with or without ExT, would improve exercise endurance time (EET) and PA compared with placebo (...) in patients participating in a self-management behavior-modification (SMBM) program.This was a 12-week, randomized, partially double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group trial in patients with COPD (PHYSACTO; NCT02085161). All patients were enrolled into SMBM and randomized 1:1:1:1 to once-daily placebo, tiotropium 5 μg, tiotropium/olodaterol 5/5 μg, or tiotropium/olodaterol 5/5 μg plus 8 weeks ExT. EET, measured by endurance shuttle walk test after 8 weeks, was the primary endpoint. Additional

2018 EvidenceUpdates

3. A systematic review of existing peripheral biomarkers of cognitive aging: Is there enough evidence for biomarker proxies in behavioral modification interventions?: An initiative in association with the Nutrition, Exercise and Lifestyle Team of the Canadia (PubMed)

A systematic review of existing peripheral biomarkers of cognitive aging: Is there enough evidence for biomarker proxies in behavioral modification interventions?: An initiative in association with the Nutrition, Exercise and Lifestyle Team of the Canadia Peripheral biomarkers have shown significant value in predicting brain health and may be serve as useful proxy measurements in the assessment of evidence-based lifestyle behavior modifications, including physical activity and a healthy diet (...) that a comprehensive biomarker panel, or biomarker signature, be developed as a clinical end point for behavior modification trials aimed at enhancing cognitive function in late life. The biomarker signature should take a multisystemic approach, including lipid, immune/inflammatory, and metabolic biomarkers in the biological signature index of cognitive health.Copyright © 2019. Published by Elsevier B.V.

2019 Ageing research reviews

4. Behavior Modification Reduces Psychotropic Medication Use in Inpatient Children With Aggression: A Retrospective Cohort Study. (PubMed)

Behavior Modification Reduces Psychotropic Medication Use in Inpatient Children With Aggression: A Retrospective Cohort Study. There are few data to guide management of agitated and aggressive psychiatrically hospitalized children. Available studies do not account for setting, age, sex, diagnosis, admission reason, or clinical intervention. Seclusion, restraint and physical holds (S/R/H) are usually the only outcome measure. In this study we examine changes in PRN (pro re nata, or 'as needed (...) ') psychotropic medication use to manage severe aggression on a children's psychiatric inpatient unit, comparing rates before and after a behavior modification program (BMP) was discontinued.We compare 661 children (ages 5-12) in 5 cohorts over 10 years, 510 (77%) of whom were admitted for aggressive behavior. PRN use per 1,000 patient-days was the primary outcome measure, but S/R/H was also examined. We use as predictors: BMP status, full- or half-time child psychiatry physician (CAP) oversight, diagnosis

2019 Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

5. Is There a Spillover Effect of Targeted Dietary Change on Untargeted Health Behaviors? Evidence From a Dietary Modification Trial. (PubMed)

Is There a Spillover Effect of Targeted Dietary Change on Untargeted Health Behaviors? Evidence From a Dietary Modification Trial. The gateway behavior hypothesis posits that change in a health behavior targeted for modification may promote positive changes in other untargeted health behaviors; however, previous studies have shown inconsistent results.To examine the patterns and predictors of change in untargeted health behaviors in a large health behavior change trial.Using repeated-measures (...) latent class analysis, this study explored patterns of change in untargeted physical activity, alcohol consumption, and smoking behavior during the first year of the Women's Health Initiative dietary modification trial that targeted total fat reduction to 20% kcal and targeted increased fruit and vegetable intake. Participants were healthy postmenopausal women who were randomly assigned to either the low-fat dietary change intervention ( n = 8,193) or a control ( n = 12,187) arm.Although there were

2019 Health Education & Behavior Controlled trial quality: uncertain

6. A Single Ketamine Infusion Combined With Mindfulness-Based Behavioral Modification to Treat Cocaine Dependence: A Randomized Clinical Trial. (PubMed)

A Single Ketamine Infusion Combined With Mindfulness-Based Behavioral Modification to Treat Cocaine Dependence: A Randomized Clinical Trial. Research has suggested that subanesthetic doses of ketamine may work to improve cocaine-related vulnerabilities and facilitate efforts at behavioral modification. The purpose of this trial was to test whether a single ketamine infusion improved treatment outcomes in cocaine-dependent adults engaged in mindfulness-based relapse prevention.Fifty-five cocaine (...) of adverse events.A single ketamine infusion improved a range of important treatment outcomes in cocaine-dependent adults engaged in mindfulness-based behavioral modification, including promoting abstinence, diminishing craving, and reducing risk of relapse. Further research is needed to replicate these promising results in a larger sample.

2019 American Journal of Psychiatry Controlled trial quality: predicted high

7. Behavior Modification of Diet and Parent Feeding Practices in a Community- Vs Primary Care-Centered Intervention for Childhood Obesity. (PubMed)

Behavior Modification of Diet and Parent Feeding Practices in a Community- Vs Primary Care-Centered Intervention for Childhood Obesity. To evaluate behavior modification of diet and parent feeding practices in childhood obesity interventions.Secondary analysis of randomized, controlled trial comparing Mind, Exercise, Nutrition … Do It! (MEND2-5 and MEND/Coordinated Approach to Child Health [CATCH6-12]) vs Next Steps at baseline and 3 and 12 months.Austin and Houston, TX.A total of 549 Hispanic (...) , consumption of MEND-unfriendly foods, and parent feeding practices were altered constructively in 2 pediatric obesity interventions, especially in 2-5- and 6-8-year-olds.Copyright © 2018 Society for Nutrition Education and Behavior. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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2019 Journal of nutrition education and behavior Controlled trial quality: uncertain

8. The Effect of Health Behavior Modification Program for Liver Fluke Prevention among the Risk Group in Rural Communities, Thailand (PubMed)

The Effect of Health Behavior Modification Program for Liver Fluke Prevention among the Risk Group in Rural Communities, Thailand This quasi-experimental research aimed to study the effect of health behavior modification program in relation to knowledge, self-efficacy, expectation, and practice for liver fluke prevention among the risk group from Bueng Samrong sub-district, Kaeng Sanam Nang district, Nakhon Ratchasima province, Northeast Thailand. The total of 66 participants was assigned (...) to experimental and comparison group, 33 participants in each group, 12-weeks intervene period. The experimental group was received health behavioral modification programs based on health education, self-efficacy, motivation, social support and networking. Pre-and-post-tests were measured using predesigned questionnaires. The comparative analysis was analyzed by paired sample t-test and independent sample t-test at the 0.05 level of significance. The results revealed that the experimental group had

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2019 Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention : APJCP

9. The effect of the behavior modification program Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) on reducing the risk of hypertension among elderly patients in the rural community of Phayao, Thailand. (PubMed)

The effect of the behavior modification program Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) on reducing the risk of hypertension among elderly patients in the rural community of Phayao, Thailand. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) program with self-efficacy on reducing the risk of hypertension among elderly patients in the rural community of Phayao Province in Northern Thailand.A quasi-experimental study was employed (...) among elderly patients in the rural community of Phayao. Multistage random sampling was used to select a study area with similar characteristics. Ninety elderly participants were placed in the intervention group and 85 elderly participants from the same village were placed in the control group. The intervention group used the behavior modification guidelines of the DASH program with self-efficacy for 3 months, including 45-minute weekly group education meetings, 25-minute group activity training

2019 Journal of multidisciplinary healthcare Controlled trial quality: uncertain

10. Behavioral Modification Enhances the Benefits from Structured Aerobic and Resistance Training. (PubMed)

Behavioral Modification Enhances the Benefits from Structured Aerobic and Resistance Training. Behavioral modification (BM) is a strategy designed to sustain or restore well-being through effects such as enhanced relaxation, reduced stress, and improved sleep. Few studies have explored the role of BM delivered in the context of fitness programs for healthy adults. Thus, the purpose of this investigation was to examine whether BM combined with aerobic and resistance training programs would

2019 Sports medicine international open Controlled trial quality: uncertain

11. A randomized, single-blind, placebo-controlled trial to evaluate the effectiveness of verbal behavior modification and acetaminophen on orthodontic pain. (PubMed)

A randomized, single-blind, placebo-controlled trial to evaluate the effectiveness of verbal behavior modification and acetaminophen on orthodontic pain. To evaluate the effectiveness of verbal behavior modification, acetaminophen, and the combined effectiveness of verbal behavior modification along with acetaminophen on orthodontic pain.One hundred and forty orthodontic fixed appliance patients were randomly assigned to four groups. Group A was administered acetaminophen, group B was given (...) verbal behavior modification, group C was administered acetaminophen as well as verbal behavior modification, and group D was placebo-controlled. A visual analog scale was used to assess pain intensity after 1 week of separator placement.Group A had less mean pain intensity when compared to group B at 6 hours (P < .001) and at 1 (P < .001) and 2 (P = .002) days. Group C patients encountered less mean pain intensity when compared to group B patients at 6 hours (P < .001) and at 1 (P < .001), 2 (P

2019 The Angle orthodontist Controlled trial quality: uncertain

12. Effectiveness of behavioral modification techniques with visual distraction using intrasulcular local anesthesia in hearing disabled children during pulp therapy. (PubMed)

Effectiveness of behavioral modification techniques with visual distraction using intrasulcular local anesthesia in hearing disabled children during pulp therapy. Assessing the effectiveness of behavioral modification techniques in combination with visual distraction with/without video eyewear using computerized delivery system-intrasulcular (CDS-IS) during the application of local anesthetic in hearing-impaired pediatric patients undergoing pulp therapy of primary molars.This randomized (...) was a significant (P > 0.04) change in the heart rate observed for Group A underwent pulp treatment while watching video using video eyewear. Self-reported mean pain score also increases during treatment sessions' with video eyewear, for both groups.Routine psychological (Tell-Show-Do) intervention along with visual distraction with full visibility of the surrounding and use of CDS-IS system for anesthetic delivery is recommended as an effective behavior management technique for children with hearing impairment

2019 European journal of dentistry Controlled trial quality: uncertain

13. Application of the Theoretical Domains Framework and the Behaviour Change Wheel to Understand Physicians’ Behaviors and Behavior Change in Using Temporary Work Modifications for Return to Work: A Qualitative Study (PubMed)

Application of the Theoretical Domains Framework and the Behaviour Change Wheel to Understand Physicians’ Behaviors and Behavior Change in Using Temporary Work Modifications for Return to Work: A Qualitative Study Purpose Applying the theoretical domains framework (TDF) and the Behaviour Change Wheel (BCW) to understand physicians' behaviors and behavior change in using temporary work modifications (TWMs) for return to work (RTW). Methods Interviews and focus group discussions were conducted (...) with 15 occupational physicians (OPs). Responses were coded using the TDF and the BCW. Results Key behaviors related to applying TWMs were initiating the process with the employee, making recommendations to the workplace, and following up the process. OP behaviors were influenced by several factors related to personal capability and motivation, and opportunities provided by the physical and social environment. Capability comprised relevant knowledge and skills related to applying TWMs, remembering

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2017 Journal of occupational rehabilitation

14. Beyond behavior modification: Benefits of social-emotional/self-regulation training for preschoolers with behavior problems. (PubMed)

Beyond behavior modification: Benefits of social-emotional/self-regulation training for preschoolers with behavior problems. The current study evaluated the initial efficacy of three intervention programs aimed at improving school readiness in preschool children with externalizing behavior problems (EBP). Participants for this study included 45 preschool children (76% boys; Mage=5.16years; 84% Hispanic/Latino background) with at-risk or clinically elevated levels of EBP. During the summer (...) for pre-kindergarteners (STP-PreK). One version included the standard behavioral modification system and academic curriculum (STP-PreK) while the other additionally contained social-emotional and self-regulation training (STP-PreK Enhanced). Baseline, post-intervention, and 6-month follow-up data were collected on children's school readiness outcomes including parent, teacher, and objective assessment measures. Analyses using linear mixed models indicated that children's behavioral functioning

2017 Journal of school psychology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

15. Early passaging of mesenchymal stem cells does not instigate significant modifications in their immunological behavior (PubMed)

Early passaging of mesenchymal stem cells does not instigate significant modifications in their immunological behavior Bone marrow-derived allogeneic mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) from young healthy donors are immunoprivileged and their clinical application for regenerative medicine is under evaluation. However, data from preclinical and initial clinical trials indicate that allogeneic MSCs after transplantation provoke a host immune response and are rejected. In the current study, we evaluated

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2018 Stem cell research & therapy

16. PREVIEW study—influence of a behavior modification intervention (PREMIT) in over 2300 people with pre-diabetes: intention, self-efficacy and outcome expectancies during the early phase of a lifestyle intervention (PubMed)

PREVIEW study—influence of a behavior modification intervention (PREMIT) in over 2300 people with pre-diabetes: intention, self-efficacy and outcome expectancies during the early phase of a lifestyle intervention Onset of type 2 diabetes (T2D) is often gradual and preceded by impaired glucose homeostasis. Lifestyle interventions including weight loss and physical activity may reduce the risk of developing T2D, but adherence to a lifestyle change is challenging. As part of an international T2D (...) prevention trial (PREVIEW), a behavior change intervention supported participants in achieving a healthier diet and physically active lifestyle. Here, our aim was to explore the influence of this behavioral program (PREMIT) on social-cognitive variables during an 8-week weight loss phase.PREVIEW consisted of an initial weight loss, Phase I, followed by a weight- maintenance, Phase II, for those achieving the 8-week weight loss target of ≥ 8% from initial bodyweight. Overweight and obese (BMI ≥25 kg/m2

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2018 Psychology research and behavior management

17. Modification of Fish Swarm Algorithm Based on Lévy Flight and Firefly Behavior (PubMed)

Modification of Fish Swarm Algorithm Based on Lévy Flight and Firefly Behavior Artificial fish swarm algorithm easily converges to local optimum, especially in solving the global optimization problem of multidimensional and multiextreme value functions. To overcome this drawback, a novel fish swarm algorithm (LFFSA) based on Lévy flight and firefly behavior is proposed. LFFSA incorporates the moving strategy of firefly algorithm into two behavior patterns of fish swarm, i.e., chasing behavior (...) and preying behavior. Furthermore, Lévy flight is introduced into the searching strategy. To limit the search band, nonlinear view and step size based on dynamic parameter are considered. Finally, the proposed algorithm LFFSA is validated with several benchmark problems. Numerical results demonstrate that LFFSA has a better performance in convergence speed and optimization accuracy than the other test algorithms.

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2018 Computational intelligence and neuroscience

18. Role of RNA modifications in brain and behavior (PubMed)

Role of RNA modifications in brain and behavior Much progress in our understanding of RNA metabolism has been made since the first RNA nucleoside modification was identified in 1957. Many of these modifications are found in noncoding RNAs but recent interest has focused on coding RNAs. Here, we summarize current knowledge of cellular consequences of RNA modifications, with a special emphasis on neuropsychiatric disorders. We present evidence for the existence of an "RNA code," similar (...) to the histone code, that fine-tunes gene expression in the nervous system by using combinations of different RNA modifications. Unlike the relatively stable genetic code, this combinatorial RNA epigenetic code, or epitranscriptome, may be dynamically reprogrammed as a cause or consequence of psychiatric disorders. We discuss potential mechanisms linking disregulation of the epitranscriptome with brain disorders and identify potential new avenues of research.Published 2017. This article is a U.S. Government

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2018 Genes, brain, and behavior

19. Impact of Environmental Modifications to Enhanced Day-Night Orientation on Behavior of Nursing Home Residents With Dementia. (PubMed)

Impact of Environmental Modifications to Enhanced Day-Night Orientation on Behavior of Nursing Home Residents With Dementia. To determine whether environmental rearrangements of the long-term care nursing home can affect disruptive behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) in residents with dementia.Prospective 6-month study.The study was conducted before (phase 1) and after (phase 2) environmental rearrangements [skylike ceiling tiles in part of the shared premises, progressive

2018 Journal of the American Medical Directors Association

20. Lorcaserin and Behavioral Modification for Overweight and Obesity Management in Chinese Obese Patients

Lorcaserin and Behavioral Modification for Overweight and Obesity Management in Chinese Obese Patients Lorcaserin and Behavioral Modification for Overweight and Obesity Management in Chinese Obese Patients - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please (...) remove one or more studies before adding more. Lorcaserin and Behavioral Modification for Overweight and Obesity Management in Chinese Obese Patients The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03720574 Recruitment

2018 Clinical Trials

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