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Behavior Modification

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1. Lifestyle and Risk Factor Modification for Reduction of Atrial Fibrillation: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association (Full text)

Lifestyle and Risk Factor Modification for Reduction of Atrial Fibrillation: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association Lifestyle and Risk Factor Modification for Reduction of Atrial Fibrillation: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association | Circulation Search Search Hello Guest! Login to your account Email Password Keep me logged in Search Search April 2020 March 2020 February 2020 January 2020 This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse this site you (...) are agreeing to our use of cookies. Free Access article Share on Jump to Free Access article Lifestyle and Risk Factor Modification for Reduction of Atrial Fibrillation: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association , MD, FAHA, Chair , MD, Co–Vice Chair , MD, MS, FAHA, Co–Vice Chair , MD, MPH, FAHA , MD, MA, FAHA , MD, FAHA , MD , MD, MSc, FAHA , MBBS, PhD, FAHA , MD Mina K. Chung , Lee L. Eckhardt , Lin Y. Chen , Haitham M. Ahmed , Rakesh Gopinathannair , José A. Joglar , Peter A. Noseworthy

2020 American Heart Association PubMed abstract

2. Environmental and behavioural modifications for improving food and fluid intake in people with dementia. (Full text)

: To assess the effects of environmental or behavioural modifications on food and fluid intake and nutritional status in people with dementia. Secondary: To assess the effects of environmental or behavioural modifications in connection with nutrition on mealtime behaviour, cognitive and functional outcomes and quality of life, in specific settings (i.e. home care, residential care and nursing home care) for different stages of dementia. To assess the adverse consequences or effects of the included (...) Environmental and behavioural modifications for improving food and fluid intake in people with dementia. Weight loss, malnutrition and dehydration are common problems for people with dementia. Environmental modifications such as, change of routine, context or ambience at mealtimes, or behavioural modifications, such as education or training of people with dementia or caregivers, may be considered to try to improve food and fluid intake and nutritional status of people with dementia.Primary

2018 Cochrane PubMed abstract

3. ImPROving TB outcomes by modifying LIFE-style behaviours through a brief motivational intervention followed by short text messages (ProLife): study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. (Full text)

ImPROving TB outcomes by modifying LIFE-style behaviours through a brief motivational intervention followed by short text messages (ProLife): study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. South Africa is among the seven highest tuberculosis (TB) burden countries. Harmful lifestyle behaviours, such as smoking and alcohol, and poor adherence to medication can affect clinical outcomes. Modification of these behaviours is likely to improve TB treatment outcomes and has proven possible using (...) motivational interviewing (MI) techniques or use of short message service (SMS) text messaging. There have been no studies assessing the effect of combined MI and SMS interventions on multiple lifestyle factors and TB treatment outcomes.This is a prospective, multicentre, two-arm individual randomised controlled trial looking at the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a complex behavioural intervention (the ProLife programme) on improving TB and lifestyle-related outcomes in three provinces of South

2019 Trials Controlled trial quality: uncertain PubMed abstract

4. A systematic review of existing peripheral biomarkers of cognitive aging: Is there enough evidence for biomarker proxies in behavioral modification interventions?: An initiative in association with the Nutrition, Exercise and Lifestyle Team of the Canadia (Abstract)

A systematic review of existing peripheral biomarkers of cognitive aging: Is there enough evidence for biomarker proxies in behavioral modification interventions?: An initiative in association with the Nutrition, Exercise and Lifestyle Team of the Canadia Peripheral biomarkers have shown significant value in predicting brain health and may serve as a useful proxy measurement in the assessment of evidence-based lifestyle behavior modification programs, including physical activity and nutrition (...) panel, or biomarker signature, be developed as a clinical end point for behavior modification trials aimed at enhancing cognitive function in late life. The biomarker signature should take a multisystemic approach, including lipid, immune/inflammatory, and metabolic biomarkers in the biological signature index of cognitive health.Crown Copyright © 2019. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

2019 Ageing research reviews

5. Effect of n-3 fatty acids supplementation during life style modification in women with overweight. (Full text)

Effect of n-3 fatty acids supplementation during life style modification in women with overweight. The marine n-3 fatty acids eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) exert numerous beneficial effects on health, but their potency to defend against development of peripheral insulin resistance of healthy person with overweight remains poorly characterized. We aimed to evaluate the effect of a combination intervention using EPA + DHA and the lifestyle modification (LSM) in women

2018 Central European journal of public health Controlled trial quality: uncertain PubMed abstract

6. Effect of metformin combined with lifestyle modification versus lifestyle modification alone on proinflammatory-oxidative status in drug-naïve pre-diabetic and diabetic patients: A randomized controlled study. (Abstract)

Effect of metformin combined with lifestyle modification versus lifestyle modification alone on proinflammatory-oxidative status in drug-naïve pre-diabetic and diabetic patients: A randomized controlled study. Targeting biomarkers of oxidative-proinflammatory stress may result in improvement of modifiable metabolic syndrome, pre-diabetes and diabetes risk factors and subsequent risk reduction.64 newly diagnosed antihyperglycemic treatment-naïve prediabetic and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM (...) ) patients were randomly assigned using block design to either metformin combined with therapeutic lifestyle changes (TLC) or TLC alone. Body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, blood pressure, fasting plasma glucose (FPG), glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), fasting lipid profile, plasma oxidative status and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α were measured at baseline, after 3 months and after 6 months from baseline.Except for HbA1c, baseline values did not differ significantly between the two groups. The post 3

2018 Diabetes & metabolic syndrome Controlled trial quality: uncertain

7. PREVIEW study—influence of a behavior modification intervention (PREMIT) in over 2300 people with pre-diabetes: intention, self-efficacy and outcome expectancies during the early phase of a lifestyle intervention (Full text)

PREVIEW study—influence of a behavior modification intervention (PREMIT) in over 2300 people with pre-diabetes: intention, self-efficacy and outcome expectancies during the early phase of a lifestyle intervention Onset of type 2 diabetes (T2D) is often gradual and preceded by impaired glucose homeostasis. Lifestyle interventions including weight loss and physical activity may reduce the risk of developing T2D, but adherence to a lifestyle change is challenging. As part of an international T2D (...) prevention trial (PREVIEW), a behavior change intervention supported participants in achieving a healthier diet and physically active lifestyle. Here, our aim was to explore the influence of this behavioral program (PREMIT) on social-cognitive variables during an 8-week weight loss phase.PREVIEW consisted of an initial weight loss, Phase I, followed by a weight- maintenance, Phase II, for those achieving the 8-week weight loss target of ≥ 8% from initial bodyweight. Overweight and obese (BMI ≥25 kg/m2

2018 Psychology research and behavior management PubMed abstract

8. The impact of lifestyle modification on absolute cardiovascular disease risk: a systematic review protocol. (Full text)

The impact of lifestyle modification on absolute cardiovascular disease risk: a systematic review protocol. The question of this review is: What is the impact of lifestyle modification on absolute cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in high-risk adult populations with no history of CVD? The review question will seek to address the effectiveness of lifestyle modification in reducing the absolute CVD risk in high-risk adult populations.

2019 JBI database of systematic reviews and implementation reports PubMed abstract

9. Effects of a Supportive Mobile Health for Life Style Modification on Blood Pressure and Insulin Resistance Improvement in People With Metabolic Abnormalities

is provided education. Education includes information of metabolic syndrome, methods to manage lifestyle (diet, physical activity). Other: Education Participants in this group is provided education. Education includes information of metabolic syndrome, methods to manage lifestyle (diet, physical activity). Experimental: Mobile Application (Self monitoring) Participants in this group will be introduced to use a mobile application to self record and monitor their life style behaviors. They will be also (...) Effects of a Supportive Mobile Health for Life Style Modification on Blood Pressure and Insulin Resistance Improvement in People With Metabolic Abnormalities Effects of a Supportive Mobile Health for Life Style Modification on Blood Pressure and Insulin Resistance Improvement in People With Metabolic Abnormalities - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record

2017 Clinical Trials

10. Correction to: The effectiveness of a life style modification and peer support home blood pressure monitoring in control of hypertension: protocol for a cluster randomized controlled trial. (Full text)

Correction to: The effectiveness of a life style modification and peer support home blood pressure monitoring in control of hypertension: protocol for a cluster randomized controlled trial. After publication of the article [1], it has been brought to our attention that the methodology outlined in the original article was not able to be fully carried out. The article planned a two armed randomized control trial. However, due to a lower response than expected and one housing complex dropping out

2017 BMC Public Health Controlled trial quality: uncertain PubMed abstract

11. Life-style modification at the edge (Full text)

Life-style modification at the edge 28839971 2018 11 13 2072-1439 9 7 2017 Jul Journal of thoracic disease J Thorac Dis Life-style modification at the edge. 1811-1813 10.21037/jtd.2017.06.113 Chan Winnie W Department of Medicine, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada. Baranchuk Adrian A Department of Medicine, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada. eng Editorial Comment China J Thorac Dis 101533916 2072-1439 Chest. 2017 Jun;151(6):1279-1287 28300569 J Thorac Dis. 2017 Sep;9(9

2017 Journal of thoracic disease PubMed abstract

12. Application of the Theoretical Domains Framework and the Behaviour Change Wheel to Understand Physicians’ Behaviors and Behavior Change in Using Temporary Work Modifications for Return to Work: A Qualitative Study (Full text)

Application of the Theoretical Domains Framework and the Behaviour Change Wheel to Understand Physicians’ Behaviors and Behavior Change in Using Temporary Work Modifications for Return to Work: A Qualitative Study Purpose Applying the theoretical domains framework (TDF) and the Behaviour Change Wheel (BCW) to understand physicians' behaviors and behavior change in using temporary work modifications (TWMs) for return to work (RTW). Methods Interviews and focus group discussions were conducted (...) with 15 occupational physicians (OPs). Responses were coded using the TDF and the BCW. Results Key behaviors related to applying TWMs were initiating the process with the employee, making recommendations to the workplace, and following up the process. OP behaviors were influenced by several factors related to personal capability and motivation, and opportunities provided by the physical and social environment. Capability comprised relevant knowledge and skills related to applying TWMs, remembering

2017 Journal of occupational rehabilitation PubMed abstract

13. Effects of a Multicomponent Life-Style Intervention on Weight, Glycemic Control, Depressive Symptoms, and Renal Function in Low-Income, Minority Patients With Type 2 Diabetes: Results of the Community Approach to Lifestyle Modification for Diabetes Random (Full text)

Effects of a Multicomponent Life-Style Intervention on Weight, Glycemic Control, Depressive Symptoms, and Renal Function in Low-Income, Minority Patients With Type 2 Diabetes: Results of the Community Approach to Lifestyle Modification for Diabetes Random Few interventions have combined life-style and psychosocial approaches in the context of Type 2 diabetes management. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of a multicomponent behavioral intervention on weight, glycemic control (...) ) each month during the first 6 months relative to usual care.Multicomponent behavioral interventions targeting weight loss and depressive symptoms as well as diet and physical activity are efficacious in the management of Type 2 diabetes.This study is registered at Clinicaltrials.gov ID: NCT01739205.

2016 Psychosomatic Medicine Controlled trial quality: predicted high PubMed abstract

14. Effectiveness of gamified lifestyle modification intervention to improve healthy behavioural change: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Effectiveness of gamified lifestyle modification intervention to improve healthy behavioural change: a systematic review and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne

2019 PROSPERO

15. Effectiveness and easiness of adherence to behavioural guidelines for diet and lifestyle changes for cholesterol-lowering: the Increasing Adherence of Consumers to Diet & Lifestyle Changes to Lower (LDL) Cholesterol (ACT) randomised controlled trial. (Abstract)

Effectiveness and easiness of adherence to behavioural guidelines for diet and lifestyle changes for cholesterol-lowering: the Increasing Adherence of Consumers to Diet & Lifestyle Changes to Lower (LDL) Cholesterol (ACT) randomised controlled trial. The present study aimed to assess perceived effectiveness and easiness of behavioural diet and lifestyle changes related to dyslipidaemia given by physicians or dieticians as a result of diet and lifestyle modifications being difficult (...) to maintain.One-hundred hypercholesterolaemic individuals were enrolled in a parallel, randomised 6-week study. Fifty were advised by dietitians (dietitian group: DG) in six weekly face-to-face behavioural therapy sessions and 50 received standard advice from physicians (physician group: PG). All individuals were followed-up for another 6 weeks under real-life conditions. Questionnaires regarding perceived effectiveness, easiness of adhering, forecasted and actual adherence to specific cholesterol-lowering

2019 Journal of human nutrition and dietetics : the official journal of the British Dietetic Association Controlled trial quality: uncertain

16. Dietitian-led lifestyle modification programme for obese Chinese adolescents with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: a randomized controlled study (Abstract)

Dietitian-led lifestyle modification programme for obese Chinese adolescents with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: a randomized controlled study The prevalence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in children is increasing. This study evaluated the efficacy of a dietitian-led lifestyle modification programme (D-LMP) to reduce NAFLD in obese adolescents.Subjects with intra-hepatic triglyceride content (IHTC) equal to or greater than 5% diagnosed by proton-magnetic resonance (...) group regularly accompanied their children to attend the consultations suggesting the possibility that regular parental and paediatrician involvement may contribute to increasing awareness on fatty liver complications. Multivariate analysis showed that only reduction in body fat remained as an independent factor associated with remission of NAFLD at the end of both study phases.A dietitian-led lifestyle modification intervention reduced IHTC, BMI z-score and body fat in obese Chinese adolescents

2018 EvidenceUpdates

17. Taking active steps: Changes made by partners of people with multiple sclerosis who undertake lifestyle modification. (Full text)

in conjunction with standard medical management has been associated with improved physical and mental quality of life. Adopting major lifestyle modification may have a multi-faceted impact on the person with MS and their partner. Experiences of partners of people with MS have been previously explored, but the experiences of partners of people with MS who adopt this strategy have not. As part of a larger study that aimed to explore partners' lived experiences of and attitudes towards MS and lifestyle (...) Taking active steps: Changes made by partners of people with multiple sclerosis who undertake lifestyle modification. Multiple sclerosis (MS), a demyelinating condition of the central nervous system with an unpredictable course, has a major impact on the lives of people with MS. Partners of people with MS may be significantly affected by the diagnosis, management and uncertainty around disease progression and may provide substantial support and care. Modification of lifestyle risk factors

2019 PLoS ONE PubMed abstract

18. Lifestyle modification with physical activity promotion on leptin resistance and quality of life in metabolic syndrome - a systematic review with meta-analysis. (Abstract)

Lifestyle modification with physical activity promotion on leptin resistance and quality of life in metabolic syndrome - a systematic review with meta-analysis. The study focused to systematically extract, summarize and analyse the data on the effect of lifestyle modification on leptin resistance and quality of life in metabolic syndrome.The systematic search was done using PubMed, Cochrane Database, EMBASE, Science Direct, CINAHL, Springer link, Web of Science from 2000-2018. English language (...) articles, quantitative studies focusing on leptin resistance and quality of life were included. Random effect analysis was adopted to pool data and estimate 95% CI. The meta-analysis was done separately for leptin resistance and quality of life which included a total of 9 studies both RCTs and Non-RCTs.The meta-analysis of RCTs reported insignificant effect of lifestyle modification on leptin resistance in metabolic syndrome when compared to comparison group [-5.94[-14.28, 2.41]. Two clinical trials

2020 Current diabetes reviews

19. The effectiveness of metformin, oral contraceptives, and lifestyle modification in improving the metabolism of overweight women with polycystic ovary syndrome: a network meta-analysis. (Abstract)

The effectiveness of metformin, oral contraceptives, and lifestyle modification in improving the metabolism of overweight women with polycystic ovary syndrome: a network meta-analysis. We designed a network meta-analysis that investigated relatively different interventions that included the effects of metformin, oral contraceptives, and lifestyle modification on the metabolic parameters of patients with polycystic ovary syndrome. In addition, we searched for eligible interventions that improved (...) % credibility intervals, and we calculated the surface cumulative rank curve.There were a total of 12 kinds of interventions: metformin, 2 mg cyproterone acetate plus 0.05 mg ethinylestradiol (EE/CA), 0.15 mg desogestrel plus 0.03 mg ethinylestradiol (EE/DSG), and 3 mg drospirenone plus 0.03 mg ethinylestradiol (EE/DRSP), lifestyle, exercise, diet, metformin + lifestyle, metformin + diet, EE/CA + lifestyle, metformin + EE/CA, and EE/DRSP + lifestyle from the 20 eligible RCTs that were included in this study

2020 Endocrine

20. Effects of Lifestyle Modification and Anti-diabetic Medicine on Prediabetes Progress: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. (Full text)

Effects of Lifestyle Modification and Anti-diabetic Medicine on Prediabetes Progress: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Background: Pre-diabetes is a risk factor for full-blown diabetes; it presents opportunities to prevent the actual diseases. It is therefore essential to identify effective preventive strategies, and to clarify the direction of future research. Methods: PubMed, Embase and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched using key terms (Supplementary Table 1 (...) modifications and anti-diabetic medications improved physical conditions, including weight loss, blood glucose, and blood pressure. Network meta-analysis suggested that the progression of diabetes could be delayed to varying degrees by lifestyle and pharmacological interventions, except for angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, statins, sulfonylureas and vitamin D. The risk ratios (RR) [95% credible interval (CrI)] compared with control were: GLP-1RAs 0.28 (0.15, 0.50), Orlistat 0.33 (0.18, 0.55), TZM

2020 Frontiers in endocrinology PubMed abstract

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