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161. Cohort study: Daily calcium intake in excess of 1400?mg is associated with increased all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality in women

Cohort study: Daily calcium intake in excess of 1400?mg is associated with increased all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality in women Daily calcium intake in excess of 1400 mg is associated with increased all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality in women | Evidence-Based Nursing We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use cookies, please see (...) in women Article Text Primary healthcare Cohort study Daily calcium intake in excess of 1400 mg is associated with increased all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality in women Howard D Sesso , Lu Wang Statistics from Altmetric.com Commentary on: Michaëlsson K , Melhus H , Warensjö Lemming E , et al . Long term calcium intake and rates of all cause and cardiovascular mortality: community based prospective longitudinal cohort study . Implications for practice and research Greater calcium intake

2014 Evidence-Based Nursing

162. The Impact of Sleep Debt on Excess Adiposity and Insulin Sensitivity in Patients with Early Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. (PubMed)

The Impact of Sleep Debt on Excess Adiposity and Insulin Sensitivity in Patients with Early Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. We examined cross-sectional and prospective associations between sleep debt and adiposity measures, as well as homeostatic model assessment-insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) in early type 2 diabetes.Prospective data analysis from participants of a randomized controlled trial based on an intensive lifestyle intervention (usual care, diet, or diet and physical activity). Data were

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2017 Journal of clinical sleep medicine : JCSM : official publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine

163. Impact of sodium oxybate, modafinil, and combination treatment on excessive daytime sleepiness in patients who have narcolepsy with or without cataplexy. (PubMed)

Impact of sodium oxybate, modafinil, and combination treatment on excessive daytime sleepiness in patients who have narcolepsy with or without cataplexy. Effects of sodium oxybate (SXB) on patients with narcolepsy with cataplexy (NC) or without cataplexy (NWOC) have not been separately evaluated in clinical trials.Retrospective analysis evaluated data from a phase 3, randomized, placebo-controlled trial of SXB, modafinil, and SXB + modafinil versus placebo in adult NC patients (n = 95) or NWOC (...) patients (n = 127). NC patients were identified based on medical history, concomitant medications, and sleep-onset REM periods on nocturnal polysomnography. The studied outcomes were changes from baseline at eight weeks on the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), the Maintenance of Wakefulness Test (MWT), and the Clinical Global Impression of Change (CGI-C).Among NC and NWOC patients, ESS improvement was significantly greater with SXB and SXB + modafinil versus placebo. In NC patients, mean MWT sleep

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2017 Sleep medicine

164. Colon Hypersensitivity to Distension, Rather Than Excessive Gas Production, Produces Carbohydrate-Related Symptoms in Individuals With Irritable Bowel Syndrome. (PubMed)

Colon Hypersensitivity to Distension, Rather Than Excessive Gas Production, Produces Carbohydrate-Related Symptoms in Individuals With Irritable Bowel Syndrome. Poorly digested, fermentable carbohydrates may induce symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) via unclear mechanisms. We performed a randomized trial with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) analysis to investigate correlations between symptoms and changes in small- and large-bowel contents after oral challenge.We performed a 3-period (...) , cross-over study of 29 adult patients with IBS (based on Rome III criteria, with symptoms of abdominal pain or discomfort for at least 2 days/wk) and reported bloating. In parallel, we performed the same study of 29 healthy individuals (controls). Studies were performed in the United Kingdom from January 2013 through February 2015. On 3 separate occasions (at least 7 days apart), subjects were given a 500-mL drink containing 40 g of carbohydrate (glucose in the first period, fructose in the second

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2017 Gastroenterology

165. Vitamin A Status and Risk of Excessive Vitamin A Intake Among Urban Filipino Children

Vitamin A Status and Risk of Excessive Vitamin A Intake Among Urban Filipino Children Vitamin A Status and Risk of Excessive Vitamin A Intake Among Urban Filipino Children - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before (...) adding more. Vitamin A Status and Risk of Excessive Vitamin A Intake Among Urban Filipino Children (GloVitAS-P) The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03030339 Recruitment Status : Completed First Posted : January 25, 2017 Last Update Posted : May 4, 2017 Sponsor: University of California

2017 Clinical Trials

166. Validation of a definition of excessive postoperative bleeding in infants undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass. (PubMed)

/kg total for the first 24 postoperative hours and/or surgical re-exploration for bleeding or cardiac tamponade physiology in the first 24 postoperative hours. Excessive bleeding was associated with longer length of hospital stay, increased 30-day readmission rate, and increased transfusions in the postoperative period.The proposed standard definition of excessive bleeding is based on readily obtained objective data and relates to important early clinical outcomes. Application and validation (...) Validation of a definition of excessive postoperative bleeding in infants undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass. To derive and validate an objective definition of postoperative bleeding in neonates and infants undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass.Using a retrospective cohort of 124 infants and neonates, we included published bleeding definitions and cumulative chest tube output over different postoperative periods (eg, 2, 12, or 24 hours after intensive care

2017 Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery

167. Large correction in opening wedge high tibial osteotomy with resultant joint-line obliquity induces excessive shear stress on the articular cartilage. (PubMed)

Large correction in opening wedge high tibial osteotomy with resultant joint-line obliquity induces excessive shear stress on the articular cartilage. The purpose of this study was to analyse the resultant stress induced by joint-line obliquity after HTO for varus knee deformity using a three-dimensional (3D) finite element model analysis.The geometrical bone data used in this study were derived from commercially available human bone digital anatomy media. The 3D knee models were developed (...) using 3D computer-aided design software. The articular surface was overlaid with a 2-mm-thick cartilage layer for both femoral and tibial condyles. Ligament structures were simulated based on properties reported in previous anatomical studies. Regarding the loading condition, isolated axial loads of 1200 N with lateral joint-line inclinations of 2.5°, 5°, 7.5°, and 10° in reference to the horizontal axis were applied to the femur to simulate the mechanical environment in a knee with joint-line

2017 Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy

168. Excess mortality after hip fracture in elderly persons from Europe and the USA: the CHANCES project. (PubMed)

fracture [HR (95% CI): 1.89 (1.50-2.37) after 1-4 years; 2.15 (1.81-2.55) after 4-8 years; 1.79 (1.57-2.05) after 8 or more years].In this large population-based sample of older persons across eight cohorts, hip fracture was associated with excess short- and long-term all-cause mortality in both sexes.© 2017 The Association for the Publication of the Journal of Internal Medicine. (...) Excess mortality after hip fracture in elderly persons from Europe and the USA: the CHANCES project. Hip fractures are associated with diminished quality of life and survival especially amongst the elderly.All-cause mortality after hip fracture was investigated to assess its magnitude.A total of 122 808 participants from eight cohorts in Europe and the USA were followed up for a mean of 12.6 years, accumulating 4273 incident hip fractures and 27 999 deaths. Incident hip fractures were assessed

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2017 Journal of internal medicine

169. Does Usage of an eHealth Intervention Reduce the Risk of Excessive Gestational Weight Gain? Secondary Analysis From a Randomized Controlled Trial. (PubMed)

Does Usage of an eHealth Intervention Reduce the Risk of Excessive Gestational Weight Gain? Secondary Analysis From a Randomized Controlled Trial. Excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) contributes to the development of obesity in mother and child. Internet-based interventions have the potential for delivering innovative and interactive options for prevention of excessive GWG to large numbers of people.The objective of this study was to create a novel measure of Internet-based intervention (...) usage patterns and examine whether usage of an Internet-based intervention is associated with reduced risk of excessive GWG.The website featured blogs, local resources, articles, frequently asked questions (FAQs), and events that were available to women in both the intervention and control arm. Weekly reminders to use the website and to highlight new content were emailed to participants in both arms. Only intervention arm participants had access to the weight gain tracker and diet and physical

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2017 Journal of medical Internet research

170. Excess mortality in persons with severe mental disorders: a multilevel intervention framework and priorities for clinical practice, policy and research agendas. (PubMed)

Excess mortality in persons with severe mental disorders: a multilevel intervention framework and priorities for clinical practice, policy and research agendas. Excess mortality in persons with severe mental disorders (SMD) is a major public health challenge that warrants action. The number and scope of truly tested interventions in this area remain limited, and strategies for implementation and scaling up of programmes with a strong evidence base are scarce. Furthermore, the majority (...) of available interventions focus on a single or an otherwise limited number of risk factors. Here we present a multilevel model highlighting risk factors for excess mortality in persons with SMD at the individual, health system and socio-environmental levels. Informed by that model, we describe a comprehensive framework that may be useful for designing, implementing and evaluating interventions and programmes to reduce excess mortality in persons with SMD. This framework includes individual-focused, health

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2017 World Psychiatry

171. Sequencing of bimaxillary surgery in the correction of vertical maxillary excess: retrospective study. (PubMed)

Sequencing of bimaxillary surgery in the correction of vertical maxillary excess: retrospective study. The aim of this study was to evaluate the precision of bimaxillary surgery performed to correct vertical maxillary excess, when the procedure is sequenced with mandibular surgery first or maxillary surgery first. Thirty-two patients, divided into two groups, were included in this retrospective study. Group 1 comprised patients who received bimaxillary surgery following the classical sequence (...) with repositioning of the maxilla first. Patients in group 2 received bimaxillary surgery, but the mandible was operated on first. The precision of the maxillomandibular repositioning was determined by comparison of the digital prediction and postoperative tracings superimposed on the cranial base. The data were tabulated and analyzed statistically. In this sample, both surgical sequences provided adequate clinical accuracy. The classical sequence, repositioning the maxilla first, resulted in greater accuracy

2017 International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

172. Asian Adolescents with Excess Weight are at Higher Risk for Insulin Resistance than Non-Asian Peers. (PubMed)

Asian Adolescents with Excess Weight are at Higher Risk for Insulin Resistance than Non-Asian Peers. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether Asian American adolescents have higher metabolic risk from excess weight than non-Asians.Seven hundred thirty-three students, aged 14 to 19 years old, completed a school-based health screening. The 427 Asian and 306 non-Asian students were overall equivalent on age, sex, and family income. Height, weight, waist circumference, percent body fat (...) , and blood pressure were measured. Fasting triglycerides, high- and low-density lipoproteins, glucose, and insulin levels were measured. Asian and non-Asians in lean or overweight/obesity groups were contrasted on the five factors that make up the metabolic syndrome.Asian adolescents carrying excess weight had significantly higher insulin resistance (IR), triglyceride levels, and waist-height ratios (W/H), despite a significantly lower overall BMI than corresponding non-Asians. Similarly, Asians had

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2017 Obesity

173. Effects of Excessive Alcohol Use on Antisocial Behavior Across Adolescence and Early Adulthood. (PubMed)

Effects of Excessive Alcohol Use on Antisocial Behavior Across Adolescence and Early Adulthood. Antisocial behavior (ASB) decreases with age in most of the population; however, excessive alcohol use can inhibit the desistance process. This study investigated whether excessive early drinking might slow a young person's overall pattern of crime desistance compared with that of others ("between-person effects") and whether short-term increases in alcohol consumption might result in short-term (...) increases in ASB ("within-person effects").Frequency of ASB and typical alcohol consumption were assessed repeatedly in young people 15 to 21 years old in a population-based birth cohort (Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children). Longitudinal trajectories showed ASB decreasing and alcohol use increasing across adolescence, which stabilized in adulthood. The parallel growth model was re-parameterized to simultaneously estimate the person-specific (or "between-person") and time-specific

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2017 Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

174. Systematic review on maternal depression versus anxiety in relation to excessive infant crying: it is all about the timing. (PubMed)

Systematic review on maternal depression versus anxiety in relation to excessive infant crying: it is all about the timing. Different types of studies suggest a link between maternal depression/anxiety and excessive infant crying (EC). However, comparability is hampered due to different designs, definitions and measurements. This systematic review investigates the specific role of maternal depression and anxiety considering them as preceding, concurrent and subsequent conditions of EC (...) . A computerised literature search was conducted in January 2017 using Medline, PubMed, PsycINFO and Web of Science. After screening n = 399 records for inclusion/exclusion criteria, n = 33 records based on n = 30 projects were eligible for systematic qualitative data synthesis. All studies on maternal depression/anxiety and EC within the first 3 years of life were included. Included studies investigated predominantly maternal depression (25/30) and secondly maternal anxiety (17/30). Significant positive

2017 Archives of women's mental health

175. Are You A Victim of Excessive Daytime Sleepiness?

Are You A Victim of Excessive Daytime Sleepiness? Are You A Victim of Excessive Daytime Sleepiness? | The Skeptical Cardiologist Primary Menu Search for: Are You A Victim of Excessive Daytime Sleepiness? The Skeptical Cardiologist has been analyzing the data on sleep apnea (OSA) and cardiovascular disease, utilizing his spectacular skeptical skills. Recent suggest that 30 million adults in the US have OSA and that OSA is causing all manner of problems. I note patient awareness (...) of the possibility of OSA is rising exponentially and many of my patient’s are being subjected to sleep studies because their wives are bothered by their excessive snoring. The AASM guidelines state that Increased risk of moderate to severe OSA is indicated by the presence of excessive daytime sleepiness and at least two of the following three criteria: habitual loud snoring; witnessed apnea or gasping or choking; or diagnosed hypertension Although I have no reason to suspect that I have sleep disordered

2017 The Skeptical Cardiologist

176. Measures of excess body weight and anthropometry among adult Albertans: cross-sectional results from Alberta's tomorrow project cohort. (PubMed)

Measures of excess body weight and anthropometry among adult Albertans: cross-sectional results from Alberta's tomorrow project cohort. Excess body weight during adulthood has been consistently associated with all-cause mortality, cardiovascular disease, and cancer at multiple sites among other chronic diseases. We describe the prevalence of excess body weight and abdominal obesity reported by participants enrolled in Alberta's Tomorrow Project (ATP).ATP is a geographically-based cohort study (...) obesity. Overweight, obesity and abdominal obesity were all associated with a history of several cardiometabolic chronic conditions including hypertension, heart attack, angina, high cholesterol, stroke and diabetes.A large majority of ATP participants were overweight and carried excess abdominal fat. Strategies to improve energy balance among Albertans are encouraged and may have a notable impact on future chronic disease burden.

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2017 BMC Public Health

177. Excess risk of venous thromboembolism in hip fracture patients and the prognostic impact of comorbidity. (PubMed)

Excess risk of venous thromboembolism in hip fracture patients and the prognostic impact of comorbidity. Hip fracture patients were at increased excess risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) up to 1 year following hip fracture. During the first year, interaction between hip fracture and comorbidity was observed among patients with severe and very severe comorbidity.We compared the risk of VTE in hip fracture patients with that in the general population. We also examined whether and to what extent (...) the association between hip fracture and VTE varied by comorbidity level.Nationwide cohort study based on Danish health registries, 1995-2015. We identified hip fracture patients (n = 110,563) and sampled a comparison cohort without hip fracture from the general population (n = 552,774). Comorbidity was assessed using the Charlson comorbidity index. We calculated attributable fraction, as the proportion of the VTE rate, among persons exposed to both hip fracture and comorbidity, attributed to exposure

2017 Osteoporosis International

178. Association between excessive Internet use and oral health behaviors of Korean adolescents: A 2015 national survey. (PubMed)

Association between excessive Internet use and oral health behaviors of Korean adolescents: A 2015 national survey. This study aimed to investigate excessive Internet use's (EIU's) association with oral health behaviors among Korean adolescents.This cross-sectional study was based on the 11th Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey (2015).68,043 school students aged 13-18 years (35,204 boys and 32,839 girls). Data on, 45,271 (23,354 males and 21,917 females using the Internet on weekdays

2017 Community dental health

179. What Is Known About the Correlates and Impact of Excess Skin After Bariatric Surgery: a Scoping Review. (PubMed)

% of studies, respectively. Women reported more excess skin and greater inconveniences of excess skin than did men. Based on the quantitative studies, pre-BS BMI, time since BS, and type of BS were not significantly associated with inconveniences of excess skin; findings were inconclusive for other correlates found (e.g. age, weight loss, BMI). Excess skin may adversely impact adults' physical and psychosocial functioning, as well as their activities of daily life after BS. However, evidence is lacking (...) What Is Known About the Correlates and Impact of Excess Skin After Bariatric Surgery: a Scoping Review. Although bariatric surgery (BS) improves health among adults with severe obesity, it results in excess skin in more than 70% of adults. The purpose of this study was to synthesize current knowledge on (1) the impact of excess skin experienced by adults after BS and (2) the correlates of excess skin quantity and inconveniences. PubMed, PsyArticles, and CINAHL databases were searched in May

2017 Obesity Surgery

180. Excess intraoperative fluid volume administration is associated with pancreatic fistula after pancreaticoduodenectomy: A retrospective multicenter study. (PubMed)

Excess intraoperative fluid volume administration is associated with pancreatic fistula after pancreaticoduodenectomy: A retrospective multicenter study. Recent studies on perioperative fluid administration in patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) have suggested that increased fluid loads are associated with worse perioperative outcomes. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between intraoperative fluid (IOF) administration and postoperative pancreatic fistula (...) (POPF), and to determine additional risk factors affecting pancreatic fistula in patients undergoing PD.From 2005 to 2014, a total of 182 patients with various periampullary diseases after PD were reviewed retrospectively at Dongguk University Ilsan Hospital, Chung-Ang University Hospital, and Dongnam Institute of Radiological and Medical Sciences. Patients were assigned to high or low IOF groups based on more or less fluid administration for supplementation of estimated blood loss and maintenance

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2017 Medicine

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