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141. Association between excessive daytime sleepiness and risk of cardiovascular disease and all cause mortality: a systematic review and meta-analysis of longitudinal cohort studies

Association between excessive daytime sleepiness and risk of cardiovascular disease and all cause mortality: a systematic review and meta-analysis of longitudinal cohort studies Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability (...) : Exclusion criteria: Inclusion criteria: Exclusion criteria: Example: Screening will be performed in two phases, namely initial screening based on title and abstract, followed by full-text screening of the eligible articles for final inclusion. In each phase, 2 observers will independently assess each article. Discrepancies will be resolved through discussion, or by consulting a third investigator. ">Procedure for study selection Example : Title-abstract screening: 1. Not an original full research paper

2020 PROSPERO

142. Excess atherosclerosis in systemic lupus erythematosus,-A matter of renal involvement: Case control study of 281 SLE patients and 281 individually matched population controls. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Excess atherosclerosis in systemic lupus erythematosus,-A matter of renal involvement: Case control study of 281 SLE patients and 281 individually matched population controls. Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), is a heterogeneous disease which predominantly affects young females (90%). SLE is associated with a shorter life expectancy than in the general population. Standardized mortality ratios (SMR) of 2.4 have been reported, which is comparable to diabetes. In modern societies cardiovascular (...) disease (CVD) is the major cause of premature mortality. Accelerated atherosclerosis is generally assumed to be the underlying cause for SLE related CVD. However, previous studies diverge regarding whether atherosclerosis is more common in SLE than in controls. With this in mind and based on own clinical experience we hypothesized that accelerated atherosclerosis is not a general feature of SLE, but prevails in SLE subgroups.281 SLE patients and 281 individually age and sex matched population controls

2017 PLoS ONE

143. Correction of confidence intervals in excess relative risk models using Monte Carlo dosimetry systems with shared errors. Full Text available with Trip Pro

based on the approximate asymptotic distribution of parameter estimates in linear excess relative risk (ERR) models. These models are widely used in survival analysis, particularly in radiation epidemiology. Specifically, for the dose effect estimate of interest (increase in relative risk per unit dose), a mixture distribution consisting of a normal and a lognormal component is applied. This choice of asymptotic approximation guarantees that corrected confidence intervals will always be bounded (...) Correction of confidence intervals in excess relative risk models using Monte Carlo dosimetry systems with shared errors. In epidemiological studies, exposures of interest are often measured with uncertainties, which may be independent or correlated. Independent errors can often be characterized relatively easily while correlated measurement errors have shared and hierarchical components that complicate the description of their structure. For some important studies, Monte Carlo dosimetry

2017 PLoS ONE

144. internet disorders by excessive using and its treatments

internet disorders by excessive using and its treatments Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith (...) initial screening based on title and abstract, followed by full-text screening of the eligible articles for final inclusion. In each phase, 2 observers will independently assess each article. Discrepancies will be resolved through discussion, or by consulting a third investigator. ">Procedure for study selection Example : Title-abstract screening: 1. Not an original full research paper (e.g. review, editorial) 2. Not an in vivo animal study 3. No metastases/ only primary tumor 4. No control group 5

2020 PROSPERO

145. Excess Body Size and Risk of Endometrial Cancer Recurrence and Mortality: A Systematic Review

Excess Body Size and Risk of Endometrial Cancer Recurrence and Mortality: A Systematic Review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external (...) : Screening will be performed in two phases, namely initial screening based on title and abstract, followed by full-text screening of the eligible articles for final inclusion. In each phase, 2 observers will independently assess each article. Discrepancies will be resolved through discussion, or by consulting a third investigator. ">Procedure for study selection Example : Title-abstract screening: 1. Not an original full research paper (e.g. review, editorial) 2. Not an in vivo animal study 3

2020 PROSPERO

146. Restarting usual surgical practices after COVID-19: a systematic review and meta-regression of excess mortality from the emergency and elective surgeries performed during the COVID-19 pandemic

Restarting usual surgical practices after COVID-19: a systematic review and meta-regression of excess mortality from the emergency and elective surgeries performed during the COVID-19 pandemic Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears (...) criteria: Inclusion criteria: Exclusion criteria: Inclusion criteria: Exclusion criteria: Example: Screening will be performed in two phases, namely initial screening based on title and abstract, followed by full-text screening of the eligible articles for final inclusion. In each phase, 2 observers will independently assess each article. Discrepancies will be resolved through discussion, or by consulting a third investigator. ">Procedure for study selection Example : Title-abstract screening: 1

2020 PROSPERO

147. Effectiveness of lip repositioning surgeries in the treatment of excessive gingival display: a systematic review

Effectiveness of lip repositioning surgeries in the treatment of excessive gingival display: a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated (...) criteria: Example: Screening will be performed in two phases, namely initial screening based on title and abstract, followed by full-text screening of the eligible articles for final inclusion. In each phase, 2 observers will independently assess each article. Discrepancies will be resolved through discussion, or by consulting a third investigator. ">Procedure for study selection Example : Title-abstract screening: 1. Not an original full research paper (e.g. review, editorial) 2. Not an in vivo animal

2020 PROSPERO

148. A systematic review of the prevention of skin disorders caused by excessive hand washing with sanitizers during the COVID-19 pandemic

A systematic review of the prevention of skin disorders caused by excessive hand washing with sanitizers during the COVID-19 pandemic Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record (...) criteria: Exclusion criteria: Example: Screening will be performed in two phases, namely initial screening based on title and abstract, followed by full-text screening of the eligible articles for final inclusion. In each phase, 2 observers will independently assess each article. Discrepancies will be resolved through discussion, or by consulting a third investigator. ">Procedure for study selection Example : Title-abstract screening: 1. Not an original full research paper (e.g. review, editorial) 2

2020 PROSPERO

149. Do interventions principally targeting excessive alcohol use in young people improve depression?

Do interventions principally targeting excessive alcohol use in young people improve depression? Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external (...) : Screening will be performed in two phases, namely initial screening based on title and abstract, followed by full-text screening of the eligible articles for final inclusion. In each phase, 2 observers will independently assess each article. Discrepancies will be resolved through discussion, or by consulting a third investigator. ">Procedure for study selection Example : Title-abstract screening: 1. Not an original full research paper (e.g. review, editorial) 2. Not an in vivo animal study 3

2020 PROSPERO

150. Exploring potential reasons for Glasgow's 'excess' mortality: results of a three-city survey of Glasgow, Liverpool and Manchester

Exploring potential reasons for Glasgow's 'excess' mortality: results of a three-city survey of Glasgow, Liverpool and Manchester Exploring potential reasons for Glasgow’s ‘excess’ mortality: Results of a three-city survey of Glasgow, Liverpool and Manchester David Walsh, Gerry McCartney, Sarah McCullough, Marjon van der Pol, Duncan Buchanan, Russell Jones A report by the Glasgow Centre for Population Health, NHS Health Scotland and the University of Aberdeen www.gcph.co.uk Exploring potential (...) reasons for Glasgow’s ‘excess’ mortality: Results of a three-city survey of Glasgow, Liverpool and Manchester June 2013 June 2013 12195 GCPH Brochure Cover A4_V2.indd 1-3 12/06/2013 12:01Exploring potential reasons for Glasgow’s ‘excess’ mortality Results of a three-city survey of Glasgow, Liverpool and Manchester 2 David Walsh is a Public Health Programme Manager at the Glasgow Centre for Population Health (GCPH); Gerry McCartney is a consultant in Public Health and Head of the Public Health

2013 Health Economics Research Unit

151. Long-term excess risk of stroke in people with Type 2 diabetes in Sweden according to blood pressure level: a population-based case-control study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Long-term excess risk of stroke in people with Type 2 diabetes in Sweden according to blood pressure level: a population-based case-control study. To estimate the risk of stroke in people with Type 2 diabetes with different blood pressure levels compared with the risk in the general population in Sweden.This prospective case-control study included 408 076 people with Type 2 diabetes, aged ≥ 18 years, and free of prior stroke, registered in the Swedish National Diabetes Register 1998-2011. Age

2016 Diabetic Medicine

152. Associations between excessive adiposity and seroprevalence of herpes simplex virus type 1 and type 2 among US adults: a population-based age-period-cohort analysis. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Associations between excessive adiposity and seroprevalence of herpes simplex virus type 1 and type 2 among US adults: a population-based age-period-cohort analysis. Evidence on the association between herpes simplex virus (HSV) and excessive adiposity, such as obesity (body mass index ≥30 kg/m2) and abdominal obesity (waist circumference (WC) >102 or 88 cm), has been inconsistent. We sought to examine whether age-period-cohort (APC) effects could explain for the observed (...) heterogeneities.Population-based cross-sectional study.Adults aged 20-49 years with available serological data in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) in 1999-2012.Obesity and abdominal obesity.In men, excessive adiposity was generally not associated with HSV1 or HSV2 (all p>0.05); however, there were positive correlations between HSV seroprevalence and excessive adiposity in certain age and birth cohort groups. Based on APC analysis, abdominally obese men aged 30-40 years showed a nearly 20

2016 BMJ open

153. Excess mortality associated with loiasis: a retrospective population-based cohort study. (Abstract)

Excess mortality associated with loiasis: a retrospective population-based cohort study. The burden of loiasis has received limited attention and loiasis is still considered a benign condition. To assess whether loiasis bears any excess mortality, we did a retrospective cohort study in Cameroon.In 2001, 3627 individuals living in 28 villages were examined for Loa loa infection. In 2016, these villages were revisited and the vital status was determined for 3301 individuals (91%). The data were (...) analysed at community level to assess the relation between the level of L loa infection in 2001 and standardised mortality rates (SMRs), and at individual level to assess the excess mortality relative to the 2001 microfilaraemia and to calculate the population-attributable fraction of mortality associated with L loa microfilaraemia.915 deaths occurred during the follow-up time (mean time of 12·5 years [IQR 10·2-14·9]) between April, 2001, and March 22, 2016. Crude mortality rate was 20·3 deaths per

2016 Lancet infectious diseases

154. Exploring the excess mortality due to depressive symptoms in a community-based sample: The role of Alzheimer's Disease. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Exploring the excess mortality due to depressive symptoms in a community-based sample: The role of Alzheimer's Disease. Depression has been associated with increased risk of death. However, there is lack of studies exploring such relationship in the context of dementia. Given the high prevalence of both depression and Alzheimer's Disease (AD), investigating their temporal association with mortality is of public health relevance.Longitudinal data from the WHICAP study were analyzed (1958

2016 Journal of Affective Disorders

155. Excess mortality rate associated with hepatitis C virus infection: a community-based cohort study in rural Egypt. (Abstract)

Excess mortality rate associated with hepatitis C virus infection: a community-based cohort study in rural Egypt. >80% of people chronically infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV) live in resource-limited countries, yet the excess mortality associated with HCV infection in these settings is poorly documented.Individuals were recruited from three villages in rural Egypt in 1997-2003 and their vital status was determined in 2008-2009. Mortality rates across the cohorts were compared according

2016 Journal of Hepatology

156. Acidosis-Induced Hypochloremic Alkalosis in Diabetic Ketoacidosis Confirmed by The Modified Base Excess Method. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Acidosis-Induced Hypochloremic Alkalosis in Diabetic Ketoacidosis Confirmed by The Modified Base Excess Method. Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is associated with a metabolic alkalosis, which is thought to be due to vomiting. However, alkalosis can occur in DKA without vomiting. We retrospectively reviewed the acid-base disturbances in DKA admissions without vomiting.We included admissions of the patients with blood glucose and beta-hydroxybutyrate (βOHB) levels > 250 mg/dL and > 1.0 mmol/L (...) , respectively. Admissions without vomiting were classified into a group with a βOHB > 3.0 mmol/L (DKA group) and a group with βOHB of 1.0-3.0 mmol/L (pre-DKA group). The acid-base status was analyzed by the modified base excess (BE) method. BE effects were calculated by changes in sodium (BE free water, [BEFW]), and chloride (BECl). Positive and negative values for each parameter suggested alkalosis and acidosis, respectively.Forty-five included admissions were divided into DKA (n = 34) and pre-DKA (n =11

2016 Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism

157. Adjusting for overdispersion in piecewise exponential regression models to estimate excess mortality rate in population-based research. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Adjusting for overdispersion in piecewise exponential regression models to estimate excess mortality rate in population-based research. In population-based cancer research, piecewise exponential regression models are used to derive adjusted estimates of excess mortality due to cancer using the Poisson generalized linear modelling framework. However, the assumption that the conditional mean and variance of the rate parameter given the set of covariates x i are equal is strong and may fail (...) to account for overdispersion given the variability of the rate parameter (the variance exceeds the mean). Using an empirical example, we aimed to describe simple methods to test and correct for overdispersion.We used a regression-based score test for overdispersion under the relative survival framework and proposed different approaches to correct for overdispersion including a quasi-likelihood, robust standard errors estimation, negative binomial regression and flexible piecewise modelling.All piecewise

2016 BMC medical research methodology

158. Web-Based Behavioral Intervention Increases Maternal Exercise but Does Not Prevent Excessive Gestational Weight Gain in Previously Sedentary Women. (Abstract)

Web-Based Behavioral Intervention Increases Maternal Exercise but Does Not Prevent Excessive Gestational Weight Gain in Previously Sedentary Women. Innovative methods are warranted to optimize prenatal outcomes. This study's objective was to determine if a web-based behavioral intervention (BI) can prevent excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) by increasing physical activity (PA).Participants were randomized to usual care (UC; n = 21) or BI (n = 24) between 10 to 14 weeks gestation. GWG, PA (...) -minute PA bouts: 61.3 ± 21.9; 30-minute PA bouts: 39.6 ± 14.8, both P < .05). BI energy intake at mid-pregnancy significantly increased from baseline (336 ± 127 kcals, P = .04) and was significantly greater than UC (2,503 ± 703 vs. 1,894 ± 594, P = .005).Sedentary pregnant women should increase PA but may need additional dietary counseling to prevent excessive GWG.

2016 Journal of physical activity & health

159. The relative association of obstructive sleep apnea, obesity, and excessive daytime sleepiness with incident depression: A longitudinal, population-based study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

The relative association of obstructive sleep apnea, obesity, and excessive daytime sleepiness with incident depression: A longitudinal, population-based study. It is postulated that obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a risk factor for the development of depression. However, obesity and excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) are associated with both OSA and depression. The goal of this study was to examine the relative contribution of OSA, obesity and EDS to incident depression.A representative

2016 International Journal of Obesity

160. Excessive Sleep and Lack of Sleep Are Associated With Slips and Falls in the Adult Korean Population: A Population-Based Cross-Sectional Study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Excessive Sleep and Lack of Sleep Are Associated With Slips and Falls in the Adult Korean Population: A Population-Based Cross-Sectional Study. Few studies have evaluated the impacts of excessive sleep duration on falls. This study investigated the associations between sleep duration and falls among Korean adults in a wide range of age groups while adjusting for numerous confounding factors. Data collected from study participants ranging in age from 19 to 109 years old were analyzed from

2016 Medicine

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