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81. Interventions for the prevention of excess gestational weight gain: a systematic review and meta-analysis of maternal and infant outcomes

Interventions for the prevention of excess gestational weight gain: a systematic review and meta-analysis of maternal and infant outcomes Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration (...) criteria: Example: Screening will be performed in two phases, namely initial screening based on title and abstract, followed by full-text screening of the eligible articles for final inclusion. In each phase, 2 observers will independently assess each article. Discrepancies will be resolved through discussion, or by consulting a third investigator. ">Procedure for study selection Example : Title-abstract screening: 1. Not an original full research paper (e.g. review, editorial) 2. Not an in vivo animal

2019 PROSPERO

82. Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials comparing face-to-face vs remote behaviour change interventions for weight management in adults carrying excess weight

Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials comparing face-to-face vs remote behaviour change interventions for weight management in adults carrying excess weight Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility (...) : Exclusion criteria: Inclusion criteria: Exclusion criteria: Example: Screening will be performed in two phases, namely initial screening based on title and abstract, followed by full-text screening of the eligible articles for final inclusion. In each phase, 2 observers will independently assess each article. Discrepancies will be resolved through discussion, or by consulting a third investigator. ">Procedure for study selection Example : Title-abstract screening: 1. Not an original full research paper

2019 PROSPERO

83. Relation of excessive consumption of simple carbohydrate and health problems: systematic review

Relation of excessive consumption of simple carbohydrate and health problems: systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external (...) will be performed in two phases, namely initial screening based on title and abstract, followed by full-text screening of the eligible articles for final inclusion. In each phase, 2 observers will independently assess each article. Discrepancies will be resolved through discussion, or by consulting a third investigator. ">Procedure for study selection Example : Title-abstract screening: 1. Not an original full research paper (e.g. review, editorial) 2. Not an in vivo animal study 3. No metastases/ only primary

2019 PROSPERO

84. Effects of exercise and dietary supplementation on body composition during an excessive weight loss

Effects of exercise and dietary supplementation on body composition during an excessive weight loss Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external (...) will be performed in two phases, namely initial screening based on title and abstract, followed by full-text screening of the eligible articles for final inclusion. In each phase, 2 observers will independently assess each article. Discrepancies will be resolved through discussion, or by consulting a third investigator. ">Procedure for study selection Example : Title-abstract screening: 1. Not an original full research paper (e.g. review, editorial) 2. Not an in vivo animal study 3. No metastases/ only primary

2019 PROSPERO

85. Above all, reassure? The effects of excessive reassurance provision in individuals experiencing anxiety

Above all, reassure? The effects of excessive reassurance provision in individuals experiencing anxiety Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files (...) will be performed in two phases, namely initial screening based on title and abstract, followed by full-text screening of the eligible articles for final inclusion. In each phase, 2 observers will independently assess each article. Discrepancies will be resolved through discussion, or by consulting a third investigator. ">Procedure for study selection Example : Title-abstract screening: 1. Not an original full research paper (e.g. review, editorial) 2. Not an in vivo animal study 3. No metastases/ only primary

2019 PROSPERO

86. Is poor diet quality during preconception or pregnancy a risk factor for low or excessive gestational weight gain? A systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies

Is poor diet quality during preconception or pregnancy a risk factor for low or excessive gestational weight gain? A systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility (...) : Exclusion criteria: Inclusion criteria: Exclusion criteria: Example: Screening will be performed in two phases, namely initial screening based on title and abstract, followed by full-text screening of the eligible articles for final inclusion. In each phase, 2 observers will independently assess each article. Discrepancies will be resolved through discussion, or by consulting a third investigator. ">Procedure for study selection Example : Title-abstract screening: 1. Not an original full research paper

2019 PROSPERO

87. Hypothalamic Networks in Adolescents With Excess Weight: Stress-Related Connectivity and Associations With Emotional Eating. (PubMed)

to be clarified in adolescents with excess weight.We investigated whole-brain differences in the functional connectivity of the medial and lateral hypothalamus (MH and LH) between adolescents with excess weight (EW, n = 53; mean age = 14.64 years, SD = 1.78) and normal weight (NW, n = 51; mean age = 15.29 years, SD = 1.75) using seed-based resting-state analyses. Then, in a subset of 22 adolescents with EW (mean age = 15.75 years, SD = 1.70) and 32 with NW (mean age = 15.27, SD = 2.03), we explored for group (...) Hypothalamic Networks in Adolescents With Excess Weight: Stress-Related Connectivity and Associations With Emotional Eating. Adolescents with excess weight are particularly sensitive to stress, which may contribute to the presence of emotional eating behaviors. It is proposed that this may be due to alterations in the connectivity between hypothalamic networks and regions of the "emotional nervous system," involved in the regulation of energy balance and stress processing. However, this remains

2019 Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

88. Absent or Excessive Corpus Luteum Number Is Associated With Altered Maternal Vascular Health in Early Pregnancy. (PubMed)

Absent or Excessive Corpus Luteum Number Is Associated With Altered Maternal Vascular Health in Early Pregnancy. Identifying modifiable factors that contribute to preeclampsia risk associated with assisted reproduction can improve maternal health. Vascular dysfunction predates clinical presentation of preeclampsia. Therefore, we examined if a nonphysiological hormonal milieu, a modifiable state, affects maternal vascular health in early pregnancy. Blood pressure, endothelial function (...) , circulating endothelial progenitor cell numbers, lipid levels, and corpus luteum (CL) hormones were compared in a prospective cohort of women with infertility history based on number of CL: 0 CL (programmed frozen embryo transfer [FET], N=18); 1 CL (spontaneous conception [N=16] and natural cycle FET [N=12]); or >3 CL associated with in vitro fertilization [N=11]. Women with 0 or >3 CL lacked the drop in mean arterial blood pressure compared with those with 1 CL (both P=0.05). Reactive hyperemia index

2019 Hypertension

89. Differences in Femoral Torsion Among Various Measurement Methods Increase in Hips With Excessive Femoral Torsion. (PubMed)

Differences in Femoral Torsion Among Various Measurement Methods Increase in Hips With Excessive Femoral Torsion. Correct quantification of femoral torsion is crucial to diagnose torsional deformities, make an indication for surgical treatment, or plan the amount of correction. However, no clear evaluation of different femoral torsion measurement methods for hips with excessive torsion has been performed to date.(1) How does CT-based measurement of femoral torsion differ among five commonly (...) used measurement methods? (2) Do differences in femoral torsion among measurement methods increase in hips with excessive femoral torsion? (3) What is the reliability and reproducibility of each of the five torsion measurement methods?Between March and August 2016, we saw 86 new patients (95 hips) with hip pain and physical findings suggestive for femoroacetabular impingement at our outpatient tertiary clinic. Of those, 56 patients (62 hips) had a pelvic CT scan including the distal femur

2019 Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research

90. Urban-rural disparity in cervical cancer in China and feasible interventions for tackling the rural excess. (PubMed)

Urban-rural disparity in cervical cancer in China and feasible interventions for tackling the rural excess. According to GLOBOCAN 2012, age-standardized incidence rate (ASIR) of cervical cancer in developed and less developed countries is 9.9 vs. 15.7 per 100,000 population per year. This disparity is related to inequity in access to screening. Urban rural disparity in access to cervical cancer screening is similar in China. We aim to assess urban rural disparity in ASIR.Using population-based

2019 Medicine

91. Predicting excess cost for older inpatients with clinical complexity: A retrospective cohort study examining cognition, comorbidities and complications. (PubMed)

Predicting excess cost for older inpatients with clinical complexity: A retrospective cohort study examining cognition, comorbidities and complications. Hospital-acquired complications increase length of stay and contribute to poorer patient outcomes. Older adults are known to be at risk for four key hospital-acquired complications (pressure injuries, pneumonia, urinary tract infections and delirium). These complications have been identified as sensitive to nursing characteristics (...) of length-of-stay costs. Explanatory variables included patient age, sex, comorbidities, admission severity, dementia status, surgical status and four complications. Extra costs were based on above-average length-of-stay for each patient's Diagnosis Related Group from hospital discharge data.For adults over 50 who have length of stay longer than average for their diagnostic condition, comorbid dementia predicts an extra cost of A$874, (US$1,247); any one of four key complications predicts A$812 (US

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2018 PLoS ONE

92. Top 10 most read in January: patient satisfaction with hospital care and nurses, manual therapy for excessively crying infants and the timing of probiotic milk consumption during pregnancy and adverse outcomes

Top 10 most read in January: patient satisfaction with hospital care and nurses, manual therapy for excessively crying infants and the timing of probiotic milk consumption during pregnancy and adverse outcomes Top 10 most read in January: patient satisfaction with hospital care and nurses, manual therapy for excessively crying infants and the timing of probiotic milk consumption during pregnancy and adverse outcomes | BMJ Open by January sees seven new papers enter BMJ Open’s top 10 most read (...) assessing the efficacy of an interactive smoking cessation decision-aid app compared with a static information app on quit rates. Also new in this month is a systematic review and meta-analysis by Carnes et al , which evaluates the effect of manual therapy interventions for excessively crying infants, finding moderate favourable evidence for the reduction in crying time in infants receiving manual therapy. Other new entries include Nordqvist et al , who investigate if the timing of probiotic milk

2018 BMJ Open Blog

93. European all-cause excess and influenza-attributable mortality in the 2017/18 season: should the burden of influenza B be reconsidered? (PubMed)

countries or sub-national regions, representing 60% of the European population excl. Russia and the Turkey part of European, we estimated age stratified all-cause excess morality using the EuroMOMO model. In addition, age stratified all-cause influenza-attributable mortality was estimated using the FluMOMO algorithm, incorporating influenza activity based on clinical and virological surveillance data, and adjusting for extreme temperatures.Excess mortality was mainly attributable to influenza activity (...) European all-cause excess and influenza-attributable mortality in the 2017/18 season: should the burden of influenza B be reconsidered? Weekly monitoring of European all-cause excess mortality, the EuroMOMO network, observed high excess mortality during the influenza B/Yamagata dominated 2017/18 winter season, especially among elderly. We describe all-cause excess and influenza-attributable mortality during the season 2017/18 in Europe.Based on weekly reporting of mortality from 24 European

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2019 Clinical Microbiology and Infection

94. Breast cancer histologic subtypes show excess familial clustering. (PubMed)

Breast cancer histologic subtypes show excess familial clustering. The inherited predisposition to developing specific histologic subtypes of invasive breast carcinoma has been incompletely investigated. By using a large, population-based database, the authors sought to investigate familial clustering of breast cancer by histologic subtype.By using the Utah Population Database, which links genealogy records to the National Cancer Institute's statewide Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (...) histologic subtypes other than invasive ductal carcinoma (including inflammatory [n = 178], lobular [n = 1688], and mucinous [n = 542]). Statistically significant excess distant relatedness was identified for the mucinous subtype (P = .011) as well as for inflammatory breast cancers (P = .024). The RR for breast cancer of any histology in second-degree relatives was significantly increased for patients with inflammatory (RR, 1.32; 95% CI, 1.02-1.68; P = .03), lobular (RR, 1.36; 95% CI, 1.25-1.47; P

2019 Cancer

95. Outcomes of anatomic total shoulder arthroplasty in patients with excessive glenoid retroversion: a case-control study. (PubMed)

Outcomes of anatomic total shoulder arthroplasty in patients with excessive glenoid retroversion: a case-control study. Ideal management of severe glenoid retroversion during anatomic total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) remains controversial, as previous reports have suggested that severe retroversion may negatively impact clinical outcomes. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of severe glenoid retroversion on clinical and radiographic TSA outcomes using a standard glenoid (...) component, as well as to compare outcomes among patients with less severe retroversion.A case-control study was performed comparing 40 patients treated with TSA with more than 20° of glenoid retroversion preoperatively (average follow-up, 53 months) vs. a matched cohort of 80 patients with less than 20° of retroversion (average follow-up, 49 months). In all patients, the surgical technique, implant design, and postoperative rehabilitation protocol were identical. Patients were matched based on sex, age

2019 Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery

96. Serum Iodine Is Correlated with Iodine Intake and Thyroid Function in School-Age Children from a Sufficient-to-Excessive Iodine Intake Area. (PubMed)

Serum Iodine Is Correlated with Iodine Intake and Thyroid Function in School-Age Children from a Sufficient-to-Excessive Iodine Intake Area. An alternative feasible and convenient method of assessing iodine intake is needed.The aim of this study was to examine the utility of serum iodine for assessing iodine intake in children.One blood sample and 2 repeated 24-h urine samples (1-mo interval) were collected from school-age children in Shandong, China. Serum free triiodothyronine (FT3), free (...) thyroxine (FT4), thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), thyroglobulin (Tg), total iodine (StI), and non-protein-bound iodine (SnbI) concentrations and urine iodine (UIC) and creatinine (UCr) concentrations were measured. Iodine intake was estimated based on two 24-h urine iodine excretions (24-h UIE). Associations between serum iodine and other factors were analyzed using the Spearman rank correlation test. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to illustrate diagnostic ability of StI

2019 Journal of Nutrition

97. Predicting hazardous drinking in late adolescence/young adulthood from early and excessive adolescent drinking - a longitudinal cross-national study of Norwegian and Australian adolescents. (PubMed)

, ambiguous definitions of the concept, and an assumption that early onset is independent of cultural norms and national alcohol policies. This study addresses these limitations by examining whether EOD, independent of early onset of excessive drinking (EOE), prospectively predicts hazardous drinking in late adolescence/young adulthood in Norway and Australia, two countries with different drinking cultures.Data were drawn from two population-based longitudinal studies; the Norwegian Tracking Opportunities (...) Predicting hazardous drinking in late adolescence/young adulthood from early and excessive adolescent drinking - a longitudinal cross-national study of Norwegian and Australian adolescents. Research has consistently shown that early onset of drinking (EOD) is associated with alcohol-related problems in adulthood. However, recent reviews have identified several limitations in the early onset literature, including the use of retrospective reports, insufficient control for potential confounders

2019 BMC Public Health

98. Effectiveness of a behavioural intervention involving regular weighing and feedback by community midwives within routine antenatal care to prevent excessive gestational weight gain: POPS2 randomised controlled trial. (PubMed)

Effectiveness of a behavioural intervention involving regular weighing and feedback by community midwives within routine antenatal care to prevent excessive gestational weight gain: POPS2 randomised controlled trial. To assess the effectiveness of a brief behavioural intervention based on routine antenatal weighing to prevent excessive gestational weight gain (defined by US Institute of Medicine).Randomised controlled trial.Antenatal clinic in England.Women between 10+0 and 14+6 weeks gestation (...) weight gain, depression, anxiety and physical activity.Six hundred and fifty-six women from four maternity centres were recruited: 329 women were randomised to the intervention group and 327 to UC. We found no evidence that the intervention decreased excessive gestational weight gain. At 38 weeks gestation, the proportions gaining excessive gestational weight were 27.6% (81/305) versus 28.9% (90/311) (adjusted OR 0.84, 95% CI: 0.53 to 1.33) in the intervention and UC group, respectively. There were

2019 BMJ open

99. Excess weight loss is a vital strategy for controlling hypertension among multi-ethnic population in northwest China: A cross-sectional analysis. (PubMed)

Excess weight loss is a vital strategy for controlling hypertension among multi-ethnic population in northwest China: A cross-sectional analysis. Hypertension is a common global health problem including China. This study aimed to assess the prevalence and awareness of hypertension, and evaluate risk factors associated with hypertension among multi-ethnic population in northwest China using a random sampling cross-sectional data.A cross-sectional survey was conducted between 2014 and 2015 (...) as part of a nationwide survey using stratified four-stage random sampling in Xinjiang. Hypertension was defined as mean systolic blood pressure (SBP) and/or diastolic blood pressure (DBP) ≥140/90 mm Hg and/or taking anti-hypertensive medication. In addition, the prevalence of hypertension (SBP ≥ 130 or DBP ≥ 80 mm Hg) was also estimated according to the 2017 American College of Cardiology (ACC)/American Heart Association (AHA) High Blood Pressure Guideline. Awareness of hypertension was based on self

2019 Medicine

100. Myocardial injury and mortality in patients with excessive oxygen administration before cardiac arrest. (PubMed)

Myocardial injury and mortality in patients with excessive oxygen administration before cardiac arrest. Hyperoxia after cardiac arrest may be associated with higher mortality, and trials have found that excess oxygen administration in patients with myocardial infarction is associated with increased infarct size. The effect of hyperoxia before cardiac arrest is sparsely investigated. Our aim was to assess the association between excessive oxygen administration before cardiac arrest (...) and the extent of subsequent myocardial injury.We performed a retrospective study including patients who had in-hospital cardiac arrest during 2014 in the Capital Region of Denmark. We excluded patients without peripheral oxygen saturation measurements within 48 hours before cardiac arrest. Patients were divided in three groups of pre-arrest oxygen exposure, based on average peripheral oxygen saturation and supplemental oxygen. Primary outcome was peak troponin concentration within 30 days. Secondary

2019 Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica

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