How to Trip Rapid Review

Step 1: Select articles relevant to your search (remember the system is only optimised for single intervention studies)

Step 2: press

Step 3: review the result, and maybe amend the or if you know better! If we're unsure of the overall sentiment of the trial we will display the conclusion under the article title. We then require you to tell us what the correct sentiment is.

102,580 results for

Base Excess

by
...
Latest & greatest
Alerts

Export results

Use check boxes to select individual results below

SmartSearch available

Trip's SmartSearch engine has discovered connected searches & results. Click to show

81. Excess Significance Bias in Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Literature for Neuropsychiatric Disorders. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Excess Significance Bias in Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Literature for Neuropsychiatric Disorders. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) has been widely tested and promoted for use in multiple neuropsychiatric conditions, but as for many other medical devices, some gaps may exist in the literature and the evidence base for the clinical efficacy of rTMS remains under debate.We aimed to test for an excess number of statistically significant results in the literature (...) (110 for neurological disorders and 118 for psychiatric disorders) were assessed. For SMD = 0.3, the number of observed "positive" studies (n = 94) was larger than expected (n = 35). We found evidence for an excess of significant findings overall (p < 0.0001) and in 8/14 meta-analyses. Evidence for an excess of significant findings was also observed for SMD = 0.5 for neurological disorders. Of the 228 datasets, 0 (0%), 0 (0%), 3 (1%), and 53 (23%) had a power >0.80, respectively, for SMDs of 0.30

2019 Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics

82. Should Excess Topical Decongestant Use Raise a Red Flag? Rhinitis Medicamentosa and Opioid Use Disorder. (Abstract)

through December 2017. Cases, defined as patients who presented with excessive decongestant nasal spray usage based on history, were matched to control patients who presented with chronic rhinitis and did not report regular nasal decongestant usage. The charts were reviewed for patients that carried a problem of opioid abuse, identified using ICD-9 codes 304.XX or ICD-10 codes F11.XX. The primary outcome of this study was the odds of having an OUD. Secondary outcomes were assessed by summary (...) Should Excess Topical Decongestant Use Raise a Red Flag? Rhinitis Medicamentosa and Opioid Use Disorder. The objective of this study was to determine whether patients with rhinitis medicamentosa (RM) have an increased odds of having an opioid use disorder (OUD) and which characteristics may predict this association.The authors conducted a retrospective case control study of patients 18 years and older who presented to the otolaryngology clinic at an academic medical center from January 2013

2019 Rhinology and Laryngology

83. Excess heart age in adult outpatients in routine HIV care. (Abstract)

, at least 1-year of follow-up, and available covariate data. We calculated age and race/ethnicity-adjusted heart age and excess heart age (chronological age - heart age), using a Framingham risk score-based model.We analyzed data from 2467 men and 619 women (mean chronologic age 49.3 and 49.1 years, and 23.6% and 54.6% Non-Hispanic/Latino black, respectively). Adjusted excess heart age was 11.5 years (95% confidence interval, 11.1-12.0) among men and 13.1 years (12.0-14.1) among women. Excess heart age (...) Excess heart age in adult outpatients in routine HIV care. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a common cause of morbidity and mortality among persons living with HIV (PLWH). We used individual cardiovascular risk factor profiles to estimate heart age for PLWH in medical care in the United States.Cross-sectional analyses of HIV Outpatient Study (HOPS) data METHODS:: Included in this analysis were participants aged 30-74 years, without prior CVD, with at least two HOPS clinic visits during 2010-2017

2019 AIDS

84. Myocardial injury and mortality in patients with excessive oxygen administration before cardiac arrest. (Abstract)

Myocardial injury and mortality in patients with excessive oxygen administration before cardiac arrest. Hyperoxia after cardiac arrest may be associated with higher mortality, and trials have found that excess oxygen administration in patients with myocardial infarction is associated with increased infarct size. The effect of hyperoxia before cardiac arrest is sparsely investigated. Our aim was to assess the association between excessive oxygen administration before cardiac arrest (...) and the extent of subsequent myocardial injury.We performed a retrospective study including patients who had in-hospital cardiac arrest during 2014 in the Capital Region of Denmark. We excluded patients without peripheral oxygen saturation measurements within 48 hours before cardiac arrest. Patients were divided in three groups of pre-arrest oxygen exposure, based on average peripheral oxygen saturation and supplemental oxygen. Primary outcome was peak troponin concentration within 30 days. Secondary

2019 Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica

85. European all-cause excess and influenza-attributable mortality in the 2017/18 season: should the burden of influenza B be reconsidered? Full Text available with Trip Pro

countries or sub-national regions, representing 60% of the European population excl. Russia and the Turkey part of European, we estimated age stratified all-cause excess morality using the EuroMOMO model. In addition, age stratified all-cause influenza-attributable mortality was estimated using the FluMOMO algorithm, incorporating influenza activity based on clinical and virological surveillance data, and adjusting for extreme temperatures.Excess mortality was mainly attributable to influenza activity (...) European all-cause excess and influenza-attributable mortality in the 2017/18 season: should the burden of influenza B be reconsidered? Weekly monitoring of European all-cause excess mortality, the EuroMOMO network, observed high excess mortality during the influenza B/Yamagata dominated 2017/18 winter season, especially among elderly. We describe all-cause excess and influenza-attributable mortality during the season 2017/18 in Europe.Based on weekly reporting of mortality from 24 European

2019 Clinical Microbiology and Infection

86. Differences in Femoral Torsion Among Various Measurement Methods Increase in Hips With Excessive Femoral Torsion. (Abstract)

Differences in Femoral Torsion Among Various Measurement Methods Increase in Hips With Excessive Femoral Torsion. Correct quantification of femoral torsion is crucial to diagnose torsional deformities, make an indication for surgical treatment, or plan the amount of correction. However, no clear evaluation of different femoral torsion measurement methods for hips with excessive torsion has been performed to date.(1) How does CT-based measurement of femoral torsion differ among five commonly (...) used measurement methods? (2) Do differences in femoral torsion among measurement methods increase in hips with excessive femoral torsion? (3) What is the reliability and reproducibility of each of the five torsion measurement methods?Between March and August 2016, we saw 86 new patients (95 hips) with hip pain and physical findings suggestive for femoroacetabular impingement at our outpatient tertiary clinic. Of those, 56 patients (62 hips) had a pelvic CT scan including the distal femur

2019 Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research

87. Absent or Excessive Corpus Luteum Number Is Associated With Altered Maternal Vascular Health in Early Pregnancy. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Absent or Excessive Corpus Luteum Number Is Associated With Altered Maternal Vascular Health in Early Pregnancy. Identifying modifiable factors that contribute to preeclampsia risk associated with assisted reproduction can improve maternal health. Vascular dysfunction predates clinical presentation of preeclampsia. Therefore, we examined if a nonphysiological hormonal milieu, a modifiable state, affects maternal vascular health in early pregnancy. Blood pressure, endothelial function (...) , circulating endothelial progenitor cell numbers, lipid levels, and corpus luteum (CL) hormones were compared in a prospective cohort of women with infertility history based on number of CL: 0 CL (programmed frozen embryo transfer [FET], N=18); 1 CL (spontaneous conception [N=16] and natural cycle FET [N=12]); or >3 CL associated with in vitro fertilization [N=11]. Women with 0 or >3 CL lacked the drop in mean arterial blood pressure compared with those with 1 CL (both P=0.05). Reactive hyperemia index

2019 Hypertension

88. Urban-rural disparity in cervical cancer in China and feasible interventions for tackling the rural excess. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Urban-rural disparity in cervical cancer in China and feasible interventions for tackling the rural excess. According to GLOBOCAN 2012, age-standardized incidence rate (ASIR) of cervical cancer in developed and less developed countries is 9.9 vs. 15.7 per 100,000 population per year. This disparity is related to inequity in access to screening. Urban rural disparity in access to cervical cancer screening is similar in China. We aim to assess urban rural disparity in ASIR.Using population-based

2019 Medicine

89. Hypothalamic Networks in Adolescents With Excess Weight: Stress-Related Connectivity and Associations With Emotional Eating. (Abstract)

to be clarified in adolescents with excess weight.We investigated whole-brain differences in the functional connectivity of the medial and lateral hypothalamus (MH and LH) between adolescents with excess weight (EW, n = 53; mean age = 14.64 years, SD = 1.78) and normal weight (NW, n = 51; mean age = 15.29 years, SD = 1.75) using seed-based resting-state analyses. Then, in a subset of 22 adolescents with EW (mean age = 15.75 years, SD = 1.70) and 32 with NW (mean age = 15.27, SD = 2.03), we explored for group (...) Hypothalamic Networks in Adolescents With Excess Weight: Stress-Related Connectivity and Associations With Emotional Eating. Adolescents with excess weight are particularly sensitive to stress, which may contribute to the presence of emotional eating behaviors. It is proposed that this may be due to alterations in the connectivity between hypothalamic networks and regions of the "emotional nervous system," involved in the regulation of energy balance and stress processing. However, this remains

2019 Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

90. Outcomes of anatomic total shoulder arthroplasty in patients with excessive glenoid retroversion: a case-control study. (Abstract)

Outcomes of anatomic total shoulder arthroplasty in patients with excessive glenoid retroversion: a case-control study. Ideal management of severe glenoid retroversion during anatomic total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) remains controversial, as previous reports have suggested that severe retroversion may negatively impact clinical outcomes. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of severe glenoid retroversion on clinical and radiographic TSA outcomes using a standard glenoid (...) component, as well as to compare outcomes among patients with less severe retroversion.A case-control study was performed comparing 40 patients treated with TSA with more than 20° of glenoid retroversion preoperatively (average follow-up, 53 months) vs. a matched cohort of 80 patients with less than 20° of retroversion (average follow-up, 49 months). In all patients, the surgical technique, implant design, and postoperative rehabilitation protocol were identical. Patients were matched based on sex, age

2019 Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery

91. Post-bariatric surgery lab tests: are they excessive and redundant? Full Text available with Trip Pro

Post-bariatric surgery lab tests: are they excessive and redundant? Following bariatric surgery, ongoing postoperative testing is required to measure nutritional deficiencies; the purpose of this study was to quantify the prevalence of these nutritional deficiencies based on two-year follow-up tests at recommended time points.A retrospective data analysis was conducted of all laboratory tests for bariatric patients who underwent surgery between May 2016 and January 2018 with available lab data (...) (n = 397). Results for nine different nutritional labs were categorized into six recommended postoperative time periods based on time elapsed since the procedure date. Binary variables were created for each laboratory result to calculate descriptive statistics of abnormalities for each lab test over time and used in the individual GEE logistic regression models. Grouped logistic regression examined the total nutritional deficiencies of the nine combined nutrients considering total available

2019 Surgical endoscopy

92. The predictive role of blood pH and base excess on the outcome of acute pancreatitis

The predictive role of blood pH and base excess on the outcome of acute pancreatitis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web address: Timing (...) and effect measures Timing and effect measures Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web address: Context and rationale Inclusion criteria: Exclusion criteria: Inclusion criteria: Exclusion criteria: Inclusion criteria: Exclusion criteria: Inclusion criteria: Exclusion criteria: Inclusion criteria: Exclusion criteria: Example: Screening will be performed in two phases, namely initial screening based on title and abstract, followed by full-text screening

2017 PROSPERO

93. A review of the evidence base for modelling the costs of overweight, obesity and diet-related illness for Scotland, and critical appraisal of the cost-effectiveness evidence base for population wide interventions to reduce overweight, obesity and diet-rel

A review of the evidence base for modelling the costs of overweight, obesity and diet-related illness for Scotland, and critical appraisal of the cost-effectiveness evidence base for population wide interventions to reduce overweight, obesity and diet-rel 1 A review of the evidence base for modelling the costs of overweight, obesity and diet-related illness for Scotland, and critical appraisal of the cost-effectiveness evidence base for population wide interventions to reduce overweight (...) of methods 10 1.4 Structure of the report 10 2 Evidence base relating to the costs of overweight, obesity and diet-related illness 11 2.1 Overview of cost of illness methods 11 Figure 1 Overview of costs 12 2.2 Literature search 14 Figure 2 PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta- Analyses) flow chart of cost of illness studies 16 Included 16 Eligibility 16 Screening 16 Identification 16 2.3 Results and critical appraisal 17 2.4 Summary and conclusions 22 3 Cost-effectiveness

2017 Health Economics Research Unit

94. A randomized controlled trial to prevent excessive gestational weight gain and promote postpartum weight loss in overweight and obese women: Health In Pregnancy and Postpartum (HIPP). Full Text available with Trip Pro

A randomized controlled trial to prevent excessive gestational weight gain and promote postpartum weight loss in overweight and obese women: Health In Pregnancy and Postpartum (HIPP). Interventions to prevent excessive gestational weight gain and promote postpartum weight loss have yielded modest results, particularly in overweight and obese women.To examine the impact of a theory-based lifestyle intervention on gestational weight gain, postpartum weight loss, and related maternal and child (...) self-monitoring and increasing physical activity and healthy dietary behavior practices, guided by Social Cognitive Theory. Standard care participants receive monthly mailings and a matched number of podcasts on non-weight related topics. All intervention activities last from ≤18weeks gestation to 6months after delivery. Gestational weight gain is the primary outcome. Secondary outcomes are meeting gestational weight gain guidelines (inadequate, adequate, excessive), weekly rate of gestational

2018 Contemporary clinical trials Controlled trial quality: predicted high

95. Effect of dietary counseling on preventing excessive weight gain during pregnancy. (Abstract)

Effect of dietary counseling on preventing excessive weight gain during pregnancy. Excessive gestational weight gain (EGWG) is associated with short- and long-term health problems among mothers and their offspring. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of dietary counseling on EGWG.Randomized controlled intervention trial.The study was conducted at the antenatal care (ANC) clinic, Center for Social and Preventive Medicine, Pediatrics Hospital, Cairo University, during the period from (...) July 2015 to April 2016. A total of 200 primigravidae aged between 20 and 30 years were included and randomized into intervention and control groups. Based on data analysis from phase 1, nutritional practices of the studied participants were identified and tailored nutrition counseling sessions designed. Follow-up of the studied participants throughout ANC visits was done to enforce the healthy dietary intake and encourage weight gain according to the recommendations to avoid EGWG.The intervention

2018 Public health Controlled trial quality: uncertain

96. Excessive gingival display treated with 2-piece segmental Le Fort I osteotomy: A case report. (Abstract)

Excessive gingival display treated with 2-piece segmental Le Fort I osteotomy: A case report. The demand for orthognathic surgery has increased worldwide. Women with jaw deformity tend to have a worse quality of life than men owing to the deformity's negative effects on body image, low self-esteem, lack of self-confidence, and dissatisfaction with life. Therefore, they wish for more reliable treatment options.A woman aged 25 years and 9 months sought treatment for a convex profile and excessive (...) gingival display caused by a skeletal Class II jaw-base relationship. Gingival exposure was up to 6.5 millimeters at full smile. She chose orthognathic surgery, and the authors performed a 2-piece segmental Le Fort I osteotomy and bilateral sagittal split ramus osteotomy. After active orthodontic treatment, the protrusive profile was improved, and an acceptable occlusion and an attractive smile were achieved.It is hoped that 2-piece segmental Le Fort I osteotomy becomes a common treatment option

2018 Journal of the American Dental Association

97. Multistate modelling to estimate excess length of stay and risk of death associated with organ/space infection after elective colorectal surgery. (Abstract)

).A multicentre prospective adult cohort undergoing ECS, January 2012 to December 2014, at 10 Spanish hospitals was used. SSI was considered the time-varying exposure and defined as incisional (superficial and deep) or OS. Discharge alive and death were the study endpoints. The mean excess LOS was estimated using a multistate model which provided a weighted average based on the states patients passed through. Multivariate Cox regression models were used to assess the effect of OS-SSI on risk of discharge (...) Multistate modelling to estimate excess length of stay and risk of death associated with organ/space infection after elective colorectal surgery. Accounting for time-dependency and competing events are strongly recommended to estimate excess length of stay (LOS) and risk of death associated with healthcare-associated infections.To assess the effect of organ/space (OS) surgical site infection (SSI) on excess LOS and in-hospital mortality in patients undergoing elective colorectal surgery (ECS

2018 Journal of Hospital Infection

98. A Novel Hypothesis on Excessive Activation of Residual B Lymphocytes in Common Variable Immunodeficiency Concurrent with Aseptic, Erosive Polyarthritis Full Text available with Trip Pro

A Novel Hypothesis on Excessive Activation of Residual B Lymphocytes in Common Variable Immunodeficiency Concurrent with Aseptic, Erosive Polyarthritis The aim of this study was to report aseptic, erosive polyarthritis in a patient with common variable immunodeficiency (CVID), which is quite different from the vastly more common nonerosive form. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells of the patient were isolated. Flow cytometry was used to analyze the proportion and function of lymphocytes (...) . A Parker-Pearson needle biopsy was performed on the right knee. Four of her unaffected family members were enrolled as controls. A 21-year-old woman was admitted for recurrent polyarthritis of 3-year duration. The right knee, hip, wrist, proximal interphalangeal joints, and left elbow were involved, with progressive joint destruction. She was diagnosed as having CVID based on her recurrent infections, poor response to vaccines, and marked hypogammaglobulinemia. No bacterium or mycobacterium

2018 Medical science monitor : international medical journal of experimental and clinical research

99. Hydroxychloroquine prescription trends and predictors for excess dosing per recent ophthalmology guidelines Full Text available with Trip Pro

Hydroxychloroquine prescription trends and predictors for excess dosing per recent ophthalmology guidelines Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) retinopathy may be more common than previously recognized; recent ophthalmology guidelines have revised recommendations from ideal body weight (IBW)-based dosing to actual body weight (ABW)-based dosing. However, contemporary HCQ prescribing trends in the UK remain unknown.We examined a UK general population database to investigate HCQ dosing between 2007 and 2016 (...) % (multivariable OR 1.98; 95% CI,1.81-2.15) using ABW. Applying IBW, 37% of normal and 44% of obese patients were excess-dosed; however, applying ABW, 53% of normal and 10% of obese patients were excess-dosed (multivariable ORs = 1.61 and 0.1 (reference = normal); both p < 0.01). Long-term HCQ users showed similar excess dosing.A substantial proportion of HCQ users in the UK, particularly women, may have excess HCQ dosing per the previous or recent weight-based guidelines despite a modest decline in recent

2018 Arthritis research & therapy

100. Understanding how excess lead iodide precursor improves halide perovskite solar cell performance Full Text available with Trip Pro

film on charge diffusion length, using electron-beam-induced current measurements, and on film formation properties, from grazing-incidence wide-angle X-ray scattering and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy. Based on our results, we propose that excess lead iodide in the perovskite precursors can reduce the halide vacancy concentration and lead to formation of azimuthal angle-oriented cubic α-perovskite crystals in-between 0° and 90°. We further identify a higher perovskite carrier (...) Understanding how excess lead iodide precursor improves halide perovskite solar cell performance The presence of excess lead iodide in halide perovskites has been key for surpassing 20% photon-to-power conversion efficiency. To achieve even higher power conversion efficiencies, it is important to understand the role of remnant lead iodide in these perovskites. To that end, we explored the mechanism facilitating this effect by identifying the impact of excess lead iodide within the perovskite

2018 Nature communications

To help you find the content you need quickly, you can filter your results via the categories on the right-hand side >>>>