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Base Excess

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61. Exploring the excess mortality due to depressive symptoms in a community-based sample: The role of Alzheimer's Disease. (Full text)

Exploring the excess mortality due to depressive symptoms in a community-based sample: The role of Alzheimer's Disease. Depression has been associated with increased risk of death. However, there is lack of studies exploring such relationship in the context of dementia. Given the high prevalence of both depression and Alzheimer's Disease (AD), investigating their temporal association with mortality is of public health relevance.Longitudinal data from the WHICAP study were analyzed (1958

2016 Journal of Affective Disorders PubMed

62. Challenges of Integrating an Evidence-based Intervention in Health Departments to Prevent Excessive Gestational Weight Gain among Low-income Women (Full text)

Challenges of Integrating an Evidence-based Intervention in Health Departments to Prevent Excessive Gestational Weight Gain among Low-income Women To examine health departments' (HD) capacity to adapt and implement an intervention to prevent excessive gestational weight gain.Seventy-seven stakeholders (nurses, nutritionists, social workers, health educators, health directors, and multilingual service providers) in nine HDs participated. A descriptive mixed methods approach was used to collect (...) data at workshops held onsite to introduce the evidence-based intervention (EBI) and discuss its adaptation.A survey was administered to assess the intervention's fit with the HDs context. Generalized logit mixed models were used to analyze the survey data. The discussions of adaptation were audiotaped and thematically analyzed to identify factors influencing implementation.The majority of stakeholders desired to participate in the training portion of the EBI, but they were reluctant to adopt

2016 Public health nursing (Boston, Mass.) PubMed

63. Comparison of Toxicities to Vibrio fischeri and Fish Based on Discrimination of Excess Toxicity from Baseline Level (Full text)

Comparison of Toxicities to Vibrio fischeri and Fish Based on Discrimination of Excess Toxicity from Baseline Level Investigations on the relationship of toxicities between species play an important role in the understanding of toxic mechanisms to environmental organisms. In this paper, the toxicity data of 949 chemicals to fish and 1470 chemicals to V. fischeri were used to investigate the modes of action (MOAs) between species. The results show that although there is a positive interspecies (...) correlation, the relationship is poor. Analysis on the excess toxicity calculated from toxic ratios (TR) shows that many chemicals have close toxicities and share the same MOAs between the two species. Linear relationships between the toxicities and octanol/water partition coefficient (log KOW) for baseline and less inert compounds indicate that the internal critical concentrations (CBRs) approach a constant both to fish and V. fischeri for neutral hydrophobic compounds. These compounds share the same

2016 PloS one PubMed

64. Base Excess

Base Excess Base Excess Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Base Excess Base Excess Aka: Base Excess , Base Deficit II (...) . Calculation Base Excess = (Actual_pH - Predicted_pH) * 67 Calculate predicted pH based on (see ) III. Interpretation: Normal Range: -2 to +2 meq/L IV. Interpretation: General Positive (Base Excess) Negative (Base Deficit) V. Interpretation: Neonatology Severe Acidosis (Base Excess < -10) Calculate Total Body Bicarbonate deficit Deficit = (Base Deficit) x (Weight in kg) x 0.3 Administer 25% of bicarbonate deficit (~1 meq/kg) Images: Related links to external sites (from Bing) These images are a random

2018 FP Notebook

65. Excessive Sleep and Lack of Sleep Are Associated With Slips and Falls in the Adult Korean Population: A Population-Based Cross-Sectional Study. (Full text)

Excessive Sleep and Lack of Sleep Are Associated With Slips and Falls in the Adult Korean Population: A Population-Based Cross-Sectional Study. Few studies have evaluated the impacts of excessive sleep duration on falls. This study investigated the associations between sleep duration and falls among Korean adults in a wide range of age groups while adjusting for numerous confounding factors. Data collected from study participants ranging in age from 19 to 109 years old were analyzed from

2016 Medicine PubMed

66. Combining motivational and volitional approaches to reducing excessive alcohol consumption in pre-drinkers: a theory-based intervention protocol. (Full text)

Combining motivational and volitional approaches to reducing excessive alcohol consumption in pre-drinkers: a theory-based intervention protocol. Pre-drinking refers to the consumption of alcohol at home or a private residence prior to attending a subsequent social event. We present the study protocol of an online theory-based intervention to reduce pre-drinking and related harm in pre-drinking undergraduates, using behavior change techniques targeting the motivational and volitional phases (...) of behaviour.A fully randomized 2 (autonomy support: present vs. absent) x 2 (implementation intention: present vs. absent) between-participants design will be used to ascertain the effectiveness of the intervention in reducing pre-drinking alcohol consumption and alcohol-related harm. Participants will complete a range of theory-based measures prior to being allocated to one of the four experimental conditions. Four weeks later, participants will complete a follow-up questionnaire comprised of theoretical

2016 BMC Public Health PubMed

67. A Comparison between Two Dilute Citrate Solutions (15 vs. 18 mmol/l) in Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy: The Base Excess and Renal Substitution Solution Study. (PubMed)

A Comparison between Two Dilute Citrate Solutions (15 vs. 18 mmol/l) in Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy: The Base Excess and Renal Substitution Solution Study. The study aimed to compare the changes in biochemistry occurring in patients undergoing continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) using 2 trisodium citrate solutions, Baxter hemofiltration fluid containing 18 mmol/l (C18) and Baxter NamSol, a custom manufactured solution containing 15 mmol/l (C15), both delivered as regional (...) base excess and serum bicarbonate concentration, all being higher in the C18 group (p < 0.01). By day 5, the PaCO2 had also risen in the C18 group (p = 0.03).The C15 solution provided equivalent filter life to the C18 solution but without significant hypernatremia and metabolic alkalosis.© 2016 S. Karger AG, Basel.

2016 Blood purification

68. A School-Based Intervention to Reduce Excess Weight in Overweight and Obese Primary School Students. (PubMed)

A School-Based Intervention to Reduce Excess Weight in Overweight and Obese Primary School Students. This study evaluated the effect of an intervention for reducing excess weight gain in primary school-age children in Tehran.A cluster-randomized controlled trial was conducted in 12 primary schools in Tehran. Three hundred thirty-four pupils, 167 in the intervention and 167 in the comparison group, determined to be overweight or obese based on World Health Organization standards, were recruited

2016 Biological research for nursing

69. Human heart failure biomarker immunosensor based on excessively tilted fiber gratings (Full text)

Human heart failure biomarker immunosensor based on excessively tilted fiber gratings A label-free immunosensor platform based on excessively tilted fiber gratings (Ex-TFGs) was developed for highly specific and fast detection of human N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), which is considered a powerful biomarker for prognosis and risk stratification of heart failure (HF). High-purity anti-NT-proBNP monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) prepared in our laboratory were immobilized

2016 Biomedical optics express PubMed

70. Excessive daytime sleepiness is associated with an exacerbation of migraine: A population-based study (Full text)

Excessive daytime sleepiness is associated with an exacerbation of migraine: A population-based study Previous studies have shown that migraine and sleep disturbances are closely associated. Excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) is a common symptom of various types of sleep disturbance. Findings from clinic-based studies suggest that a high percentage of migraineurs experience EDS. However, the prevalence and clinical impact of EDS among migraineurs at the population level have rarely been (...) to migraineurs without EDS.Approximately 20 % of migraineurs had EDS in this population-based sample. Excessive daytime sleepiness was associated with an exacerbation of some migraine symptoms.

2016 The journal of headache and pain PubMed

71. Associations between excessive adiposity and seroprevalence of herpes simplex virus type 1 and type 2 among US adults: a population-based age-period-cohort analysis. (Full text)

Associations between excessive adiposity and seroprevalence of herpes simplex virus type 1 and type 2 among US adults: a population-based age-period-cohort analysis. Evidence on the association between herpes simplex virus (HSV) and excessive adiposity, such as obesity (body mass index ≥30 kg/m2) and abdominal obesity (waist circumference (WC) >102 or 88 cm), has been inconsistent. We sought to examine whether age-period-cohort (APC) effects could explain for the observed (...) heterogeneities.Population-based cross-sectional study.Adults aged 20-49 years with available serological data in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) in 1999-2012.Obesity and abdominal obesity.In men, excessive adiposity was generally not associated with HSV1 or HSV2 (all p>0.05); however, there were positive correlations between HSV seroprevalence and excessive adiposity in certain age and birth cohort groups. Based on APC analysis, abdominally obese men aged 30-40 years showed a nearly 20

2016 BMJ open PubMed

72. Excess mortality associated with loiasis: a retrospective population-based cohort study. (PubMed)

Excess mortality associated with loiasis: a retrospective population-based cohort study. The burden of loiasis has received limited attention and loiasis is still considered a benign condition. To assess whether loiasis bears any excess mortality, we did a retrospective cohort study in Cameroon.In 2001, 3627 individuals living in 28 villages were examined for Loa loa infection. In 2016, these villages were revisited and the vital status was determined for 3301 individuals (91%). The data were (...) analysed at community level to assess the relation between the level of L loa infection in 2001 and standardised mortality rates (SMRs), and at individual level to assess the excess mortality relative to the 2001 microfilaraemia and to calculate the population-attributable fraction of mortality associated with L loa microfilaraemia.915 deaths occurred during the follow-up time (mean time of 12·5 years [IQR 10·2-14·9]) between April, 2001, and March 22, 2016. Crude mortality rate was 20·3 deaths per

2016 Lancet infectious diseases

73. Incidence and excess mortality of hip fracture in young adults: a nationwide population-based cohort study. (Full text)

Incidence and excess mortality of hip fracture in young adults: a nationwide population-based cohort study. This study assessed the incidence and excess mortality of hip fractures among inpatients aged 20-40 years in a nationwide population database in Taiwan.Subjects were selected from Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database for the period 2001-2008 and were followed up until the end of 2010. A total of 4,523 subjects were admitted for the first time with primary diagnosis of hip

2016 BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders PubMed

74. Acidosis-Induced Hypochloremic Alkalosis in Diabetic Ketoacidosis Confirmed by The Modified Base Excess Method. (Full text)

Acidosis-Induced Hypochloremic Alkalosis in Diabetic Ketoacidosis Confirmed by The Modified Base Excess Method. Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is associated with a metabolic alkalosis, which is thought to be due to vomiting. However, alkalosis can occur in DKA without vomiting. We retrospectively reviewed the acid-base disturbances in DKA admissions without vomiting.We included admissions of the patients with blood glucose and beta-hydroxybutyrate (βOHB) levels > 250 mg/dL and > 1.0 mmol/L (...) , respectively. Admissions without vomiting were classified into a group with a βOHB > 3.0 mmol/L (DKA group) and a group with βOHB of 1.0-3.0 mmol/L (pre-DKA group). The acid-base status was analyzed by the modified base excess (BE) method. BE effects were calculated by changes in sodium (BE free water, [BEFW]), and chloride (BECl). Positive and negative values for each parameter suggested alkalosis and acidosis, respectively.Forty-five included admissions were divided into DKA (n = 34) and pre-DKA (n =11

2016 Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism PubMed

75. Effectiveness of school-based nutrition education interventions to prevent and reduce excessive weight gain in children and adolescents: a systematic review.

Effectiveness of school-based nutrition education interventions to prevent and reduce excessive weight gain in children and adolescents: a systematic review. To evaluate the effectiveness of school-based nutrition education in reducing or preventing overweight and obesity in children and adolescents.Systematic search in 14 databases and five systematic reviews for randomized controlled trials conducted in schools to reduce or prevent overweight in children and adolescents. Body mass index

2016 Jornal de pediatria

76. Excess Mortality in Patients With Type 1 Diabetes Without Albuminuria-Separating the Contribution of Early and Late Risks (Full text)

Excess Mortality in Patients With Type 1 Diabetes Without Albuminuria-Separating the Contribution of Early and Late Risks The current study investigated whether the risk of mortality in patients with type 1 diabetes without any signs of albuminuria is different than in the general population and matched control subjects without diabetes.We studied a nationwide, population-based Finnish register of 10,737 patients diagnosed with type 1 diabetes during 1980-2005 and followed for 10 years (...) ). However, it was higher compared with that of control subjects without diabetes (1.33 [1.06-1.66], P = 0.01). Excess mortality was largely due to acute diabetes complications and ischemic heart disease, which remained more than fourfold higher (mortality rate ratio 4.34 [2.49-7.57]) in adults with type 1 diabetes than in control subjects without diabetes, despite the absence of albuminuria. By contrast, deaths due to alcohol and drugs were reduced in adults with type 1 diabetes (P = 0.007), especially

2018 EvidenceUpdates PubMed

77. Impact of Parental Socioeconomic Status on Excess Mortality in a Population-Based Cohort of Subjects With Childhood-Onset Type 1 Diabetes (Full text)

Impact of Parental Socioeconomic Status on Excess Mortality in a Population-Based Cohort of Subjects With Childhood-Onset Type 1 Diabetes The aim of this study was to analyze the possible impact of parental and individual socioeconomic status (SES) on all-cause mortality in a population-based cohort of patients with childhood-onset type 1 diabetes.Subjects recorded in the Swedish Childhood Diabetes Registry (SCDR) from 1 January 1978 to 31 December 2008 were included (n = 14,647). The SCDR

2015 EvidenceUpdates PubMed

78. Parents’ perceptions of reasons for excess weight loss in obese children: a peer researcher approach (Full text)

this excess weight loss is achieved. Interviews were conducted by peer researchers, transcribed verbatim and analysed thematically by both peer- and university-based investigators.The peer researchers felt confident to conduct interviews after three training sessions. Recruitment of interviewees was challenging, resulting in only four volunteers (all mothers) over a 5-month period; thus peer researchers were only able to conduct one interview each. All interviews were considered good quality in comparison (...) Parents’ perceptions of reasons for excess weight loss in obese children: a peer researcher approach This study reports on the process of conducting participatory research by training peer researchers to conduct interviews and analyse data collected with parents of overweight children. The methodology was chosen as a means of (a) encouraging participation among a hard-to-engage group (i.e., parents of overweight children), and (b) generating novel insights and challenging academic/health

2017 Research involvement and engagement PubMed

79. Diffuse excessive high signal intensity on magnetic resonance imaging to predict neurodevelopmental outcomes in preterm infants: a systematic review

Diffuse excessive high signal intensity on magnetic resonance imaging to predict neurodevelopmental outcomes in preterm infants: a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content (...) : Exclusion criteria: Example: Screening will be performed in two phases, namely initial screening based on title and abstract, followed by full-text screening of the eligible articles for final inclusion. In each phase, 2 observers will independently assess each article. Discrepancies will be resolved through discussion, or by consulting a third investigator. ">Procedure for study selection Example : Title-abstract screening: 1. Not an original full research paper (e.g. review, editorial) 2

2019 PROSPERO

80. The effectiveness of atropine for the treatment of excessive salivation

The effectiveness of atropine for the treatment of excessive salivation Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (...) initial screening based on title and abstract, followed by full-text screening of the eligible articles for final inclusion. In each phase, 2 observers will independently assess each article. Discrepancies will be resolved through discussion, or by consulting a third investigator. ">Procedure for study selection Example : Title-abstract screening: 1. Not an original full research paper (e.g. review, editorial) 2. Not an in vivo animal study 3. No metastases/ only primary tumor 4. No control group 5

2019 PROSPERO

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