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41. Investigation of the degradation of pitch-based carbon fibers properties upon insufficient or excess thermal treatment (PubMed)

Investigation of the degradation of pitch-based carbon fibers properties upon insufficient or excess thermal treatment To overcome the disadvantages of discontinuous conventional batch extruders, a continuous screw extruder is introduced to manufacture pitch-based carbon fibers. For a carbon fiber preparation process, an oxidation time of 8 h was determined to be optimal for obtaining desirable mechanical properties of the fibers acquiring employing the screw extruder. It is hypothesized (...) that are insufficiently oxidized are a result of irregular oxidation from the sheath to the core of the fiber cross section. However, the over-oxidized carbon fibers also show poor mechanical properties than the optimal fibers. This result further affirms that excessive oxidation times cause unstable chemical bonding, which interrupts the formation of stable crystal structures after carbonization.

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2017 Scientific reports

42. Performance of two formal tests based on martingales residuals to check the proportional hazard assumption and the functional form of the prognostic factors in flexible parametric excess hazard models (PubMed)

Performance of two formal tests based on martingales residuals to check the proportional hazard assumption and the functional form of the prognostic factors in flexible parametric excess hazard models Net survival, the one that would be observed if the disease under study was the only cause of death, is an important, useful, and increasingly used indicator in public health, especially in population-based studies. Estimates of net survival and effects of prognostic factor can be obtained (...) by excess hazard regression modeling. Whereas various diagnostic tools were developed for overall survival analysis, few methods are available to check the assumptions of excess hazard models. We propose here two formal tests to check the proportional hazard assumption and the validity of the functional form of the covariate effects in the context of flexible parametric excess hazard modeling. These tests were adapted from martingale residual-based tests for parametric modeling of overall survival

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2017 Biostatistics (Oxford, England)

43. A Randomized, Comparative Pilot Trial of Family-Based Interpersonal Psychotherapy for Reducing Psychosocial Symptoms, Disordered-eating, and Excess Weight Gain in At-Risk Preadolescents with Loss-of-control-eating (PubMed)

A Randomized, Comparative Pilot Trial of Family-Based Interpersonal Psychotherapy for Reducing Psychosocial Symptoms, Disordered-eating, and Excess Weight Gain in At-Risk Preadolescents with Loss-of-control-eating Preadolescent loss-of-control-eating (LOC-eating) is a risk factor for excess weight gain and binge-eating-disorder. We evaluated feasibility and acceptability of a preventive family-based interpersonal psychotherapy (FB-IPT) program. FB-IPT was compared to family-based health (...) -eating (95% CI -3.93, -0.03, Cohen's d = .38) than FB-HE. At six-months, children in FB-IPT had greater reductions in disordered-eating attitudes (95% CI -0.72, -0.05, Cohen's d = .66) and at one-year, tended to have greater decreases in depressive symptoms (95% CI -8.82, 0.44, Cohen's d = .69) than FB-HE. There was no difference in BMI gain between the groups.Family-based approaches that address interpersonal and emotional underpinnings of LOC-eating in preadolescents with overweight/obesity show

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2017 The International journal of eating disorders

44. A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial of a Technology-Based Approach for Preventing Excess Weight Gain during Pregnancy among Women with Overweight (PubMed)

A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial of a Technology-Based Approach for Preventing Excess Weight Gain during Pregnancy among Women with Overweight Overweight/obesity and excess weight gain during pregnancy are associated with adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes. Few interventions have been effective in limiting gestational weight gain among women with overweight or obesity. This pilot, randomized clinical trial compared treatment as usual (TAU) to a lifestyle modification program delivered (...) via phone for the prevention of excess gestational weight gain in women who had overweight or obesity.Participants included 41 pregnant women with a body mass index (BMI) ≥ 25 kg/m2 (mean age = 28.7 ± 5.8 years; mean pre-gravid BMI = 31.2 ± 6.2 kg/m2; 54% black, 39% white). The intervention group (n = 20) received weekly telephone counseling sessions and used WiFi scales to monitor their weight from weeks 16 to 36 of pregnancy. We compared differences in weight and birth outcomes

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2017 Frontiers in nutrition

45. Acute coronary syndrome in new-onset rheumatoid arthritis: a population-based nationwide cohort study of time trends in risks and excess risks. (PubMed)

Acute coronary syndrome in new-onset rheumatoid arthritis: a population-based nationwide cohort study of time trends in risks and excess risks. Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and other cardiovascular diseases are the main drivers of the increased morbidity and preterm mortality in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). ACS in RA has been linked to inflammation and RA severity. During recent years and with new therapeutic options and treat-to-target strategies, increasing efforts have been made to reach RA (...) remission as soon as possible after diagnosis, and the average level of RA disease activity has declined. Whether this has resulted in declining excess risks for RA comorbidities remains unclear.We performed a nationwide population-based cohort study of patients with new-onset RA from 1997 to 2014, and matched general population comparators. In the Swedish healthcare system, all residents have equal access to healthcare services. Healthcare is monitored using high-quality population-based registers

2017 Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases

46. Modified Lip Repositioning Surgery for the Management of Excessive Gingival Display Caused by Hyperactive Upper Lip Is a Viable Treatment Option

Modified Lip Repositioning Surgery for the Management of Excessive Gingival Display Caused by Hyperactive Upper Lip Is a Viable Treatment Option UTCAT3278, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Modified Lip Repositioning Surgery for the Management of Excessive Gingival Display Caused by Hyperactive Upper Lip Is a Viable Treatment Option Clinical Question Should lip repositioning surgery be part of our (...) armamentarium for the management of excessive gingival display? Clinical Bottom Line The modified lip repositioning surgery should be considered alone or as an adjunctive procedure for the management of “gummy smile.” This technique, although based on lower level evidence, has proven successful in cases with a hyperactive upper lip etiology in providing an esthetically satisfactory reduction of the gingival display while being minimally invasive and having limited complications. A thorough patient

2017 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

47. Pre-pasted flash-free orthodontic brackets reduce bonding time and the need to remove excess adhesive compared to conventional orthodontic brackets and bonding techniques.

Pre-pasted flash-free orthodontic brackets reduce bonding time and the need to remove excess adhesive compared to conventional orthodontic brackets and bonding techniques. UTCAT3290, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Pre-pasted flash-free orthodontic brackets reduce bonding time and the need to remove excess adhesive compared to conventional orthodontic brackets and bonding techniques. Clinical Question (...) Do pre-pasted flash-free adhesive orthodontic brackets reduce bonding time and the need to remove excess adhesive compared to conventional brackets in orthodontic patients? Clinical Bottom Line Pre-pasted flash-free orthodontic brackets reduce bonding time and the need to remove excess adhesive compared to conventional orthodontic brackets and bonding techniques. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level

2017 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

48. Quantitative study - other: Excess mortality associated with weekend hospital admissions may be due to patient-level differences, rather than reduced staffing or services

Quantitative study - other: Excess mortality associated with weekend hospital admissions may be due to patient-level differences, rather than reduced staffing or services Excess mortality associated with weekend hospital admissions may be due to patient-level differences, rather than reduced staffing or services | Evidence-Based Nursing We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time (...) . To learn more about how we use cookies, please see our . Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Excess mortality associated with weekend hospital admissions may be due

2018 Evidence-Based Nursing

49. Preventing excess weight gain

a healthy weight or preventing excess weight gain and people who commission, design, implement or evaluate interventions that directly or indirectly help different population groups maintain a healthy weight or prevent excess weight gain. (For further details, see related NICE guidance). In addition, it may be of interest to members of the public. Note that the guideline recommendations are based on the best available evidence. Practical examples are based on wider population recommendations (...) groups maintain a healthy weight or prevent excess weight gain. This includes practitioners providing information or advice to children and adults in primary care, community based settings, early years settings, schools and workplaces. The guideline is also aimed at everyone who commissions, designs, implements or evaluates activities and interventions that directly or indirectly help these population groups. Read this guideline in conjunction with other NICE guidance (see related NICE guidance

2015 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

50. Excess winter deaths and illness and the health risks associated with cold homes

that, because cold affects death rates, this implies it also has an effect on any associated ill health. This is corroborated by hospital admission data where warmer and colder seasons are compared. 4.2 The UK has a relatively high rate of excess winter deaths, based on international comparisons that use this definition. 4.3 In some years, cold weather is not restricted to the period between December and March (officially designated as 'winter' by the Office for National Statistics). This was the case (...) Excess winter deaths and illness and the health risks associated with cold homes Ex Excess winter deaths and illness and the cess winter deaths and illness and the health risks associated with cold homes health risks associated with cold homes NICE guideline Published: 5 March 2015 nice.org.uk/guidance/ng6 © NICE 2019. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and-conditions#notice-of- rights).Y Y our responsibility our responsibility The recommendations

2015 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

51. Gastrointestinal iron excretion and reversal of iron excess in a mouse model of inherited iron excess. (PubMed)

Gastrointestinal iron excretion and reversal of iron excess in a mouse model of inherited iron excess. The current paradigm in the field of mammalian iron biology states that body iron levels are determined by dietary iron absorption, not by iron excretion. Iron absorption is a highly regulated process influenced by iron levels and other factors. Iron excretion is believed to occur at a basal rate irrespective of iron levels and is associated with processes such as turnover of intestinal (...) epithelium, blood loss, and exfoliation of dead skin. Here we explore iron excretion in a mouse model of iron excess due to inherited transferrin deficiency. Iron excess in this model is attributed to impaired regulation of iron absorption leading to excessive dietary iron uptake. Pharmacologic correction of transferrin deficiency not only normalized iron absorption rates and halted progression of iron excess but also reversed body iron excess. Transferrin treatment did not alter the half-life of 59Fe

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2018 Haematologica

52. History, politics and vulnerability: explaining excess mortality

of the report. 33 5. Developing explanatory models for Scotland and Glasgow 5.1 Introduction The explanatory models that are presented here are based on the assessment of a large number of hypotheses that have been proposed as explanations, or partial explanations, for Scotland’s and Glasgow’s high levels of excess mortality, as well as others identified from a systematic review of similar ‘excesses’ observed in comparisons of other countries. In total, 40 proposed hypotheses were examined, individually (...) the divergence between Glasgow and the two English cities, and the relationship between deprivation and mortality in comparing Scotland with England & Wales, are what lie at the heart of this synthesis. 34 Figure 10: The context for Scottish excess mortality. The explanatory models presented below, therefore, are centred primarily around what the most likely effect modifiers are, with that judgement based in turn on existing knowledge, historical context and the assessment of over 40 suggested contributory

2016 Glasgow Centre for Population Health

53. Excess Antibiotic Treatment Duration and Adverse Events in Patients Hospitalized With Pneumonia: A Multihospital Cohort Study. (PubMed)

was the rate of excess antibiotic treatment duration (excess days per 30-day period). Excess days were calculated by subtracting each patient's shortest effective (expected) treatment duration (based on time to clinical stability, pathogen, and pneumonia classification [community-acquired vs. health care-associated]) from the actual duration. Negative binomial generalized estimating equations (GEEs) were used to calculate rate ratios to assess predictors of 30-day rates of excess duration. Patient outcomes (...) Excess Antibiotic Treatment Duration and Adverse Events in Patients Hospitalized With Pneumonia: A Multihospital Cohort Study. Randomized trials demonstrate no benefit from antibiotic treatment exceeding the shortest effective duration.To examine predictors and outcomes associated with excess duration of antibiotic treatment.Retrospective cohort study.43 hospitals in the Michigan Hospital Medicine Safety Consortium.6481 general care medical patients with pneumonia.The primary outcome

2019 Annals of Internal Medicine

54. Excess cost burden of diabetes in Southern India: a clinic-based, comparative cost-of-illness study (PubMed)

Excess cost burden of diabetes in Southern India: a clinic-based, comparative cost-of-illness study There are few data on excess direct and indirect costs of diabetes in India and limited data on rural costs of diabetes. We aimed to further explore these aspects of diabetes burdens using a clinic-based, comparative cost-of-illness study.Persons with diabetes (n = 606) were recruited from government, private, and rural clinics and compared to persons without diabetes matched for age, sex (...) , and socioeconomic status (n = 356). We used interviewer-administered questionnaires to estimate direct costs (outpatient, inpatient, medication, laboratory, and procedures) and indirect costs [absence from (absenteeism) or low productivity at (presenteeism) work]. Excess costs were calculated as the difference between costs reported by persons with and without diabetes and compared across settings. Regression analyses were used to separately identify factors associated with total direct and indirect

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2016 Global Health, Epidemiology and Genomics

55. Long-term excess risk of stroke in people with Type 2 diabetes in Sweden according to blood pressure level: a population-based case-control study. (PubMed)

Long-term excess risk of stroke in people with Type 2 diabetes in Sweden according to blood pressure level: a population-based case-control study. To estimate the risk of stroke in people with Type 2 diabetes with different blood pressure levels compared with the risk in the general population in Sweden.This prospective case-control study included 408 076 people with Type 2 diabetes, aged ≥ 18 years, and free of prior stroke, registered in the Swedish National Diabetes Register 1998-2011. Age

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2016 Diabetic Medicine

56. Adjusting for overdispersion in piecewise exponential regression models to estimate excess mortality rate in population-based research. (PubMed)

Adjusting for overdispersion in piecewise exponential regression models to estimate excess mortality rate in population-based research. In population-based cancer research, piecewise exponential regression models are used to derive adjusted estimates of excess mortality due to cancer using the Poisson generalized linear modelling framework. However, the assumption that the conditional mean and variance of the rate parameter given the set of covariates x i are equal is strong and may fail (...) to account for overdispersion given the variability of the rate parameter (the variance exceeds the mean). Using an empirical example, we aimed to describe simple methods to test and correct for overdispersion.We used a regression-based score test for overdispersion under the relative survival framework and proposed different approaches to correct for overdispersion including a quasi-likelihood, robust standard errors estimation, negative binomial regression and flexible piecewise modelling.All piecewise

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2016 BMC medical research methodology

57. The relative association of obstructive sleep apnea, obesity, and excessive daytime sleepiness with incident depression: A longitudinal, population-based study. (PubMed)

The relative association of obstructive sleep apnea, obesity, and excessive daytime sleepiness with incident depression: A longitudinal, population-based study. It is postulated that obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a risk factor for the development of depression. However, obesity and excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) are associated with both OSA and depression. The goal of this study was to examine the relative contribution of OSA, obesity and EDS to incident depression.A representative

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2016 International Journal of Obesity

58. Excess mortality rate associated with hepatitis C virus infection: a community-based cohort study in rural Egypt. (PubMed)

Excess mortality rate associated with hepatitis C virus infection: a community-based cohort study in rural Egypt. >80% of people chronically infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV) live in resource-limited countries, yet the excess mortality associated with HCV infection in these settings is poorly documented.Individuals were recruited from three villages in rural Egypt in 1997-2003 and their vital status was determined in 2008-2009. Mortality rates across the cohorts were compared according

2016 Journal of Hepatology

59. Web-Based Behavioral Intervention Increases Maternal Exercise but Does Not Prevent Excessive Gestational Weight Gain in Previously Sedentary Women. (PubMed)

Web-Based Behavioral Intervention Increases Maternal Exercise but Does Not Prevent Excessive Gestational Weight Gain in Previously Sedentary Women. Innovative methods are warranted to optimize prenatal outcomes. This study's objective was to determine if a web-based behavioral intervention (BI) can prevent excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) by increasing physical activity (PA).Participants were randomized to usual care (UC; n = 21) or BI (n = 24) between 10 to 14 weeks gestation. GWG, PA (...) -minute PA bouts: 61.3 ± 21.9; 30-minute PA bouts: 39.6 ± 14.8, both P < .05). BI energy intake at mid-pregnancy significantly increased from baseline (336 ± 127 kcals, P = .04) and was significantly greater than UC (2,503 ± 703 vs. 1,894 ± 594, P = .005).Sedentary pregnant women should increase PA but may need additional dietary counseling to prevent excessive GWG.

2016 Journal of physical activity & health

60. Will the Need-Based Planning of Health Human Resources Currently Undertaken in Several Countries Lead to Excess Supply and Inefficiency? A Comment on Basu and Pak. (PubMed)

Will the Need-Based Planning of Health Human Resources Currently Undertaken in Several Countries Lead to Excess Supply and Inefficiency? A Comment on Basu and Pak. Basu and Pak (2014) argue that need-based workforce planning models would not maximize social welfare, and use of need-based models would result in inefficiency. They propose that planning be based on service utilization to incorporate preferences or other socioeconomic factors. We show that the analysis is based on inappropriate (...) considerations of the nature of healthcare demand, a misrepresentation of need-based approaches and misunderstanding publicly funded healthcare system objectives. We explain how current levels of utilization emerge from workload and income interests of providers that underlie utilization-based models and are incompatible with public goals of maximizing health gains. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

2016 Health economics

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