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21. Combating Excessive Eating: A Role for Four Evidence-Based Remedies. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Combating Excessive Eating: A Role for Four Evidence-Based Remedies. The aim of this study is to review the control of energy balance and outline some causes of and remedies for excessive energy intake.A narrative review was conducted.There is negative feedback control of energy intake and body weight, but, nonetheless, energy intake is only loosely coupled with energy expenditure. Consequently, we are vulnerable to eating in excess of energy requirements. In this context, energy density (...) effect of products because fullness is not inherently rewarding. Low-calorie sweeteners provide a means to reduce energy density while largely preserving food or beverage reward value. Consistent with this, consumption of low-calorie sweeteners compared with consumption of sugars has been found to reduce energy intake and body weight.Understanding what causes excessive eating also provides insights into how to combat this problem.© 2018 The Obesity Society.

2018 Obesity

22. CO Preferential Photo-Oxidation in Excess of Hydrogen in Dark and Simulated Solar Light Irradiation over AuCu-Based Catalysts on SBA-15 Mesoporous Silica-Titania Full Text available with Trip Pro

CO Preferential Photo-Oxidation in Excess of Hydrogen in Dark and Simulated Solar Light Irradiation over AuCu-Based Catalysts on SBA-15 Mesoporous Silica-Titania In this work, SBA-15 silica and silica-titania have been used as supports for photocatalysts based on AuCu alloy (Au:Cu = 1) to be used in the preferential oxidation of CO (CO-PROX) in excess of hydrogen at room temperature and atmospheric pressure both in the dark and under simulated solar light irradiation. To study their textural

2018 Materials

23. The Family Check-Up 4 Health (FCU4Health): Applying Implementation Science Frameworks to the Process of Adapting an Evidence-Based Parenting Program for Prevention of Pediatric Obesity and Excess Weight Gain in Primary Care Full Text available with Trip Pro

The Family Check-Up 4 Health (FCU4Health): Applying Implementation Science Frameworks to the Process of Adapting an Evidence-Based Parenting Program for Prevention of Pediatric Obesity and Excess Weight Gain in Primary Care Implementation experts have recently argued for a process of "scaling out" evidence-based interventions, programs, and practices (EBPs) to improve reach to new populations and new service delivery systems. A process of planned adaptation is typically required to integrate (...) EBPs into new service delivery systems and address the needs of targeted populations while simultaneously maintaining fidelity to core components. This process-oriented paper describes the application of an implementation science framework and coding system to the adaptation of the Family Check-Up (FCU), for a new clinical target and service delivery system-prevention of obesity and excess weight game in primary care. The original FCU has demonstrated both short- and long-term effects on obesity

2018 Frontiers in public health

24. Ghanaians Might Be at Risk of Excess Dietary Intake of Potassium Based on Food Supply Data Full Text available with Trip Pro

Ghanaians Might Be at Risk of Excess Dietary Intake of Potassium Based on Food Supply Data The World Health Organization (WHO) has highlighted the beneficial role of adequate intake of potassium (K) in combating the global burden of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), mainly hypertension and cardiovascular diseases. Diets are the main source of K supply to humans and can contribute to both K deficiency (hypokalemia) and excess (hyperkalemia). While global attention is currently devoted to K (...) trends in food and K supply. The average food supply in the FBS for 2010 and 2011 was used in assessing the risk of inadequate or excess dietary intake of K. The K content of the food items was obtained from food composition databases. Based on 2010-2011 average data, the K supply per capita per day was approximately 9,086 mg, about 2.6-fold larger than the WHO-recommended level (3,510 mg). The assessment suggests a potentially large risk of excess dietary K supply at both individual and population

2018 Journal of nutrition and metabolism

25. Curbing excess gestational weight gain in primary care: using a point-of-care tool based on behavior change theory Full Text available with Trip Pro

Curbing excess gestational weight gain in primary care: using a point-of-care tool based on behavior change theory Excess gestational weight gain (GWG) is a risk factor for several adverse outcomes for mothers and their offspring. In Nova Scotia, Canada, approximately 60% of women experience excess GWG. Outside the pregnancy arena, a patient-centered approach has been shown to promote increased patient adherence to clinician recommendations, and increased intentions for, and attempts

2018 International journal of women's health Controlled trial quality: uncertain

26. Hand-Held Refractometer-Based Measurement and Excess Permittivity Analysis Method for Detection of Diesel Oils Adulterated by Kerosene in Field Conditions Full Text available with Trip Pro

Hand-Held Refractometer-Based Measurement and Excess Permittivity Analysis Method for Detection of Diesel Oils Adulterated by Kerosene in Field Conditions Adulteration of fuels is a major problem, especially in developing and third world countries. One such case is the adulteration of diesel oil by kerosene. This problem contributes to air pollution, which leads to other far-reaching adverse effects, such as climate change. The objective of this study was to develop a relatively easy (...) measurement method based on an inexpensive, handheld Abbe refractometer for the detection of adulteration and estimation of the ascending order of the amount of kerosene present in adulterated samples in field conditions. We achieved this by increasing the volume of pure diesel sample in the adulterated diesel oil, and measuring the trend of refractive index change, and next, exploiting the true and ideal permittivities of the binary mixture. The permittivity can be obtained with the aid of the measured

2018 Sensors (Basel, Switzerland)

27. Flow Management to Control Excessive Growth of Macrophytes – An Assessment Based on Habitat Suitability Modeling Full Text available with Trip Pro

Flow Management to Control Excessive Growth of Macrophytes – An Assessment Based on Habitat Suitability Modeling Mediterranean rivers in intensive agricultural watersheds usually display outgrowths of macrophytes - notably alien species - due to a combination of high concentrations of nutrients in the water runoff and low flows resulting from water abstraction for irrigation. Standard mechanical and chemical control is used to mitigate the problems associated with excessive growth of plant (...) biomass: mainly less drainage capacity and higher flood risk. However, such control measures are cost and labor-intensive and do not present long-term efficiency. Although the high sensitivity of aquatic vegetation to instream hydraulic conditions is well known, management approaches based on flow management remain relatively unexplored. The aim of our study was therefore to apply physical habitat simulation techniques promoted by the Instream Flow Incremental Method (IFIM) to aquatic macrophytes

2018 Frontiers in plant science

28. Predictors of inappropriate and excessive use of reliever medications in asthma: a 16-year population-based study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Predictors of inappropriate and excessive use of reliever medications in asthma: a 16-year population-based study. Understanding factors associated with the inappropriate or excessive use of short-acting beta agonists (SABA) can help develop better policies.We used British Columbian (BC)'s administrative health data (1997-2014) to create a retrospective cohort of asthma patients aged between 14 and 55 years. The primary and secondary outcomes were, respectively, inappropriate and excessive use (...) of SABA based on a previously validated definition. Exposures were categorised into groups comprising socio-demographic variables, indicators of type and quality of asthma care, and burden of comorbid conditions.343,520 individuals (56.3% female, average age 30.5) satisfied the asthma case definition, contributing 2.6 million person-years. 7.3% of person-years were categorised as inappropriate SABA use and 0.9% as excessive use. Several factors were associated with lower likelihood of inappropriate

2018 BMC pulmonary medicine

29. Over- and undertreatment of hypothyroidism is associated with excess mortality. A register-based cohort study. (Abstract)

Over- and undertreatment of hypothyroidism is associated with excess mortality. A register-based cohort study. This study investigated the association between hypothyroidism and mortality in both treated and untreated hypothyroid patients, and the consequences of over- and under-treatment with respect to mortality.This was a register-based cohort study of 235,168 individuals who had at least one serum thyrotropin (TSH) during 1995-2011 (median follow-up 7.2 years). Hypothyroidism was defined

2018 Thyroid

30. Excess Productivity Costs of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic Sclerosis, and Sjogren's Syndrome: A General Population-Based Study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Excess Productivity Costs of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic Sclerosis, and Sjogren's Syndrome: A General Population-Based Study. To determine excess productivity losses and costs of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), systemic sclerosis (SSc), and Sjögren's syndrome (SS) at the population level.Administrative databases from the province of British Columbia, Canada, were used to establish population-based cohorts of SLE, SSc, and SS, and matched comparison cohorts were selected from (...) working-age patients were not employed at all, due to health (SLE = 36%, SSc = 32%, SS = 30%, and non-SARDs = 18%), and the majority of total productivity costs were from unpaid work loss (SLE = 73% of costs, SSc = 74%, SS = 60%, and non-SARDs = 47%). Adjusted excess costs from these unpaid production losses were $127, $100, and $82 per week, respectively, among SLE, SSc, and SS patients.In this population-based sample of prevalent SLE, SSc, and SS, lost productivity costs were substantial, mainly

2018 Arthritis care & research

31. Polycystic ovary syndrome, androgen excess, and the risk of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in women: A longitudinal study based on a United Kingdom primary care database. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Polycystic ovary syndrome, androgen excess, and the risk of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in women: A longitudinal study based on a United Kingdom primary care database. Androgen excess is a defining feature of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), which affects 10% of women and represents a lifelong metabolic disorder, with increased risk of type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and cardiovascular events. Previous studies have suggested an increased risk of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD (...) ) in individuals with PCOS and implicated androgen excess as a potential driver.We carried out a retrospective longitudinal cohort study utilizing a large primary care database in the United Kingdom, evaluating NAFLD rates in 63,120 women with PCOS and 121,064 age-, body mass index (BMI)-, and location-matched control women registered from January 2000 to May 2016. In 2 independent cohorts, we also determined the rate of NAFLD in women with a measurement of serum testosterone (n = 71,061) and sex hormone

2018 PLoS medicine

32. Digital technology for health promotion: opportunities to address excess mortality in persons living with severe mental disorders Full Text available with Trip Pro

Digital technology for health promotion: opportunities to address excess mortality in persons living with severe mental disorders Digital technology for health promotion: opportunities to address excess mortality in persons living with severe mental disorders | Evidence-Based Mental Health Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu (...) Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Digital technology for health promotion: opportunities to address excess mortality in persons living with severe mental disorders Article Text Clinical review Digital technology for health promotion: opportunities to address excess mortality in persons living with severe mental disorders John A Naslund , Kelly A Aschbrenner Statistics

2019 Evidence-Based Mental Health

33. FEMALE PATTERN HAIR LOSS AND ANDROGEN EXCESS: A REPORT FROM THE MULTIDISCIPLINARY ANDROGEN EXCESS AND PCOS COMMITTEE. (Abstract)

FEMALE PATTERN HAIR LOSS AND ANDROGEN EXCESS: A REPORT FROM THE MULTIDISCIPLINARY ANDROGEN EXCESS AND PCOS COMMITTEE. To determine the current state of knowledge and provide evidence-based recommendations that could be valid for all specialists taking care of female pattern hair loss (FPHL), a common form of hair loss in women that is characterized by the reduction of hair density in the central area of the scalp, while the frontal hairline is generally well conserved.An expert task force (...) appointed by Androgen Excess and PPCOS society, which included specialists from dermatology, endocrinology, and reproductive endocrinology.Levels of evidence were assessed and graded from A to D.Peer reviewed studies evaluating FPHL published through December 2017 were reviewed. Criteria for inclusion/exclusion of the published papers were agreed upon by at least two reviewers in each area and arbitrated by a third when necessary.1. The term Female Pattern Hair Loss should be used avoiding the previous

2019 Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism

34. Preventing excess weight gain

a healthy weight or preventing excess weight gain and people who commission, design, implement or evaluate interventions that directly or indirectly help different population groups maintain a healthy weight or prevent excess weight gain. (For further details, see related NICE guidance). In addition, it may be of interest to members of the public. Note that the guideline recommendations are based on the best available evidence. Practical examples are based on wider population recommendations (...) groups maintain a healthy weight or prevent excess weight gain. This includes practitioners providing information or advice to children and adults in primary care, community based settings, early years settings, schools and workplaces. The guideline is also aimed at everyone who commissions, designs, implements or evaluates activities and interventions that directly or indirectly help these population groups. Read this guideline in conjunction with other NICE guidance (see related NICE guidance

2015 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

35. Excess winter deaths and illness and the health risks associated with cold homes

that, because cold affects death rates, this implies it also has an effect on any associated ill health. This is corroborated by hospital admission data where warmer and colder seasons are compared. 4.2 The UK has a relatively high rate of excess winter deaths, based on international comparisons that use this definition. 4.3 In some years, cold weather is not restricted to the period between December and March (officially designated as 'winter' by the Office for National Statistics). This was the case (...) Excess winter deaths and illness and the health risks associated with cold homes Ex Excess winter deaths and illness and the cess winter deaths and illness and the health risks associated with cold homes health risks associated with cold homes NICE guideline Published: 5 March 2015 nice.org.uk/guidance/ng6 © NICE 2019. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and-conditions#notice-of- rights).Y Y our responsibility our responsibility The recommendations

2015 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

36. Quantitative study - other: Excess mortality associated with weekend hospital admissions may be due to patient-level differences, rather than reduced staffing or services

Quantitative study - other: Excess mortality associated with weekend hospital admissions may be due to patient-level differences, rather than reduced staffing or services Excess mortality associated with weekend hospital admissions may be due to patient-level differences, rather than reduced staffing or services | Evidence-Based Nursing We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time (...) . To learn more about how we use cookies, please see our . Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Excess mortality associated with weekend hospital admissions may be due

2018 Evidence-Based Nursing

37. A telehealth lifestyle intervention to reduce excess gestational weight gain in pregnant women with overweight or obesity (GLOW): a randomised, parallel-group, controlled trial

]; mean between-group difference -0·07 kg per week, 95% CI -0·09 to -0·04). No between-group differences in perinatal complications were observed. Interpretation: Our evidence-based programme showed that health-care delivery systems could further adapt to meet the needs of their clinical settings to prevent excess GWG and improve healthy behaviours and markers of insulin resistance among women with overweight or obesity by using telehealth lifestyle interventions. Funding: US National Institutes (...) A telehealth lifestyle intervention to reduce excess gestational weight gain in pregnant women with overweight or obesity (GLOW): a randomised, parallel-group, controlled trial A Telehealth Lifestyle Intervention to Reduce Excess Gestational Weight Gain in Pregnant Women With Overweight or Obesity (GLOW): A Randomised, Parallel-Group, Controlled Trial - PubMed This site needs JavaScript to work properly. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! Clipboard, Search

2020 EvidenceUpdates

38. Modified Lip Repositioning Surgery for the Management of Excessive Gingival Display Caused by Hyperactive Upper Lip Is a Viable Treatment Option

Modified Lip Repositioning Surgery for the Management of Excessive Gingival Display Caused by Hyperactive Upper Lip Is a Viable Treatment Option UTCAT3278, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Modified Lip Repositioning Surgery for the Management of Excessive Gingival Display Caused by Hyperactive Upper Lip Is a Viable Treatment Option Clinical Question Should lip repositioning surgery be part of our (...) armamentarium for the management of excessive gingival display? Clinical Bottom Line The modified lip repositioning surgery should be considered alone or as an adjunctive procedure for the management of “gummy smile.” This technique, although based on lower level evidence, has proven successful in cases with a hyperactive upper lip etiology in providing an esthetically satisfactory reduction of the gingival display while being minimally invasive and having limited complications. A thorough patient

2017 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

39. Pre-pasted flash-free orthodontic brackets reduce bonding time and the need to remove excess adhesive compared to conventional orthodontic brackets and bonding techniques.

Pre-pasted flash-free orthodontic brackets reduce bonding time and the need to remove excess adhesive compared to conventional orthodontic brackets and bonding techniques. UTCAT3290, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Pre-pasted flash-free orthodontic brackets reduce bonding time and the need to remove excess adhesive compared to conventional orthodontic brackets and bonding techniques. Clinical Question (...) Do pre-pasted flash-free adhesive orthodontic brackets reduce bonding time and the need to remove excess adhesive compared to conventional brackets in orthodontic patients? Clinical Bottom Line Pre-pasted flash-free orthodontic brackets reduce bonding time and the need to remove excess adhesive compared to conventional orthodontic brackets and bonding techniques. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level

2017 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

40. Gastrointestinal iron excretion and reversal of iron excess in a mouse model of inherited iron excess. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Gastrointestinal iron excretion and reversal of iron excess in a mouse model of inherited iron excess. The current paradigm in the field of mammalian iron biology states that body iron levels are determined by dietary iron absorption, not by iron excretion. Iron absorption is a highly regulated process influenced by iron levels and other factors. Iron excretion is believed to occur at a basal rate irrespective of iron levels and is associated with processes such as turnover of intestinal (...) epithelium, blood loss, and exfoliation of dead skin. Here we explore iron excretion in a mouse model of iron excess due to inherited transferrin deficiency. Iron excess in this model is attributed to impaired regulation of iron absorption leading to excessive dietary iron uptake. Pharmacologic correction of transferrin deficiency not only normalized iron absorption rates and halted progression of iron excess but also reversed body iron excess. Transferrin treatment did not alter the half-life of 59Fe

2018 Haematologica

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