How to Trip Rapid Review

Step 1: Select articles relevant to your search (remember the system is only optimised for single intervention studies)

Step 2: press

Step 3: review the result, and maybe amend the or if you know better! If we're unsure of the overall sentiment of the trial we will display the conclusion under the article title. We then require you to tell us what the correct sentiment is.

99,314 results for

Base Excess

by
...
Latest & greatest
Alerts

Export results

Use check boxes to select individual results below

SmartSearch available

Trip's SmartSearch engine has discovered connected searches & results. Click to show

181. Outpatient biopsy for diagnosis of suspicious lesions of the larynx pharynx and tongue base

Outpatient biopsy for diagnosis of suspicious lesions of the larynx pharynx and tongue base SHTG Advice Statement | 1 Advice Statement 012-18 October 2018 Advice Statement Outpatient biopsy, for diagnosis of suspicious lesions of the larynx, pharynx and tongue base Advice for NHSScotland Outpatient biopsy has a low rate of complications and, in most cases, sufficient tissue for pathological examination can be obtained. Where there strong clinical suspicion of malignancy, outpatient biopsy (...) and neck outpatient clinics commonly undergo transnasal endoscopy to visualise the larynx, pharynx and tongue base. When suspected malignant lesions are identified, the ‘gold standard’ investigation is direct laryngoscopy under general anaesthetic in the operating theatre. In addition to anaesthetic risk, this carries risk of dental damage, and in some cases, requirement for SHTG Advice Statement | 2 tracheostomy. The need to schedule theatre time, an overnight or day-case hospital bed and pre

2019 Evidence Notes from Healthcare Improvement Scotland

182. Systematic evidence-based review: outcomes from exome and genome sequencing for pediatric patients with congenital anomalies or intellectual disability

Systematic evidence-based review: outcomes from exome and genome sequencing for pediatric patients with congenital anomalies or intellectual disability Systematic evidence-based review: outcomes from exome and genome sequencing for pediatric patients with congenital anomalies or intellectual disability A full list of authors and affiliations appears at the end of the paper. Disclaimer: The ACMG has recruited expert panels, chosen for their scientific and clinical expertise, to conduct (...) ,andtoconsiderothermedicalandscientificinformationthatbecomesavailableafter that date. Purpose: Exome and genome sequencing (ES/GS) are performed frequently in patients with congenital anomalies, developmental delay, or intellectual disability (CA/DD/ID), but the impact of resultsfromES/GSonclinicalmanagementandpatientoutcomesis not well characterized. A systematic evidence review (SER) can support future evidence-based guideline development for use of ES/ GS in this patient population. Methods: We undertook an SER to identify primary literature from January 2007

2020 American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics

183. Knowledge-based clinical decision support systems

Knowledge-based clinical decision support systems SHTG Assessment | 1 SHTG Assessment Number 02 April 2020 Knowledge-based clinical decision support systems What were we asked to look at? The Scottish Government asked us to review the evidence on the impact of knowledge- based clinical decision support systems on service delivery, patient, and clinical outcomes. They also asked that we review the evidence on barriers and enablers for successful implementation of these systems in clinical (...) practice. Why is this important? Healthcare professionals are required to make decisions relating to patient care on a daily basis. With the increasing volume of evidence available, and improvements in technology, there is an opportunity to introduce tools to aid healthcare professionals in making decisions relating to patient care. Clinical decision support systems (CDSS) are one such tool, generating evidence-based, patient-specific advice at the point-of-care. What was our approach? We produced

2020 SHTG Advice Statements

184. Prior psychiatric hospitalization is associated with excess mortality in patients hospitalized with non-cardiac chest pain: a data linkage study based on the full Scottish population (1991-2006) Full Text available with Trip Pro

Prior psychiatric hospitalization is associated with excess mortality in patients hospitalized with non-cardiac chest pain: a data linkage study based on the full Scottish population (1991-2006) Non-cardiac chest pain (NCCP) is considered a benign condition. We investigate case-fatality following an incident hospitalization for NCCP and determine whether previous psychiatric hospitalization is associated with short-term mortality.This was a population-based retrospective cohort study of 159 888

2012 EvidenceUpdates

185. Overview of acid-base and electrolyte disorders

Overview of acid-base and electrolyte disorders Overview of acid-base and electrolyte disorders - Summary of relevant conditions | BMJ Best Practice You'll need a subscription to access all of BMJ Best Practice Search  Overview of acid-base and electrolyte disorders Last reviewed: February 2019 Last updated: November 2018 Introduction Disorders of blood chemistry may be caused by dietary factors, underlying medical conditions, and medical treatments. Resulting imbalances include acidosis (pH (...) (a mineralocorticoid hormone), and parathyroid hormone (PTH). Acid-base balance is linked to fluid and electrolyte balance, and is normally controlled and maintained by immediate buffer systems via the kidneys and the pulmonary system. Berend K, de Vries AP, Gans RO. Physiological approach to assessment of acid-base disturbances. N Engl J Med. 2014 Oct 9;371(15):1434-45. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25295502?tool=bestpractice.com Respiratory acidosis and alkalosis are accompanied by compensatory renal

2018 BMJ Best Practice

186. Overview of acid-base and electrolyte disorders

Overview of acid-base and electrolyte disorders Overview of acid-base and electrolyte disorders - Summary of relevant conditions | BMJ Best Practice You'll need a subscription to access all of BMJ Best Practice Search  Overview of acid-base and electrolyte disorders Last reviewed: February 2019 Last updated: November 2018 Introduction Disorders of blood chemistry may be caused by dietary factors, underlying medical conditions, and medical treatments. Resulting imbalances include acidosis (pH (...) (a mineralocorticoid hormone), and parathyroid hormone (PTH). Acid-base balance is linked to fluid and electrolyte balance, and is normally controlled and maintained by immediate buffer systems via the kidneys and the pulmonary system. Berend K, de Vries AP, Gans RO. Physiological approach to assessment of acid-base disturbances. N Engl J Med. 2014 Oct 9;371(15):1434-45. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25295502?tool=bestpractice.com Respiratory acidosis and alkalosis are accompanied by compensatory renal

2018 BMJ Best Practice

187. Top 10 most read in January: patient satisfaction with hospital care and nurses, manual therapy for excessively crying infants and the timing of probiotic milk consumption during pregnancy and adverse outcomes

Top 10 most read in January: patient satisfaction with hospital care and nurses, manual therapy for excessively crying infants and the timing of probiotic milk consumption during pregnancy and adverse outcomes Top 10 most read in January: patient satisfaction with hospital care and nurses, manual therapy for excessively crying infants and the timing of probiotic milk consumption during pregnancy and adverse outcomes | BMJ Open by January sees seven new papers enter BMJ Open’s top 10 most read (...) assessing the efficacy of an interactive smoking cessation decision-aid app compared with a static information app on quit rates. Also new in this month is a systematic review and meta-analysis by Carnes et al , which evaluates the effect of manual therapy interventions for excessively crying infants, finding moderate favourable evidence for the reduction in crying time in infants receiving manual therapy. Other new entries include Nordqvist et al , who investigate if the timing of probiotic milk

2018 BMJ Open Blog

188. Cohort study: Excess weight gain in the first 18?months of life is associated with later childhood overweight, obesity and greater arterial wall thickness

Cohort study: Excess weight gain in the first 18?months of life is associated with later childhood overweight, obesity and greater arterial wall thickness Excess weight gain in the first 18 months of life is associated with later childhood overweight, obesity and greater arterial wall thickness | Evidence-Based Nursing We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how (...) we use cookies, please see our . Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Excess weight gain in the first 18 months of life is associated with later childhood overweight

2014 Evidence-Based Nursing

189. Cohort study: Daily calcium intake in excess of 1400?mg is associated with increased all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality in women

Cohort study: Daily calcium intake in excess of 1400?mg is associated with increased all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality in women Daily calcium intake in excess of 1400 mg is associated with increased all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality in women | Evidence-Based Nursing We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use cookies, please see (...) in women Article Text Primary healthcare Cohort study Daily calcium intake in excess of 1400 mg is associated with increased all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality in women Howard D Sesso , Lu Wang Statistics from Altmetric.com Commentary on: Michaëlsson K , Melhus H , Warensjö Lemming E , et al . Long term calcium intake and rates of all cause and cardiovascular mortality: community based prospective longitudinal cohort study . Implications for practice and research Greater calcium intake

2014 Evidence-Based Nursing

190. School?based interventions for reducing disciplinary school exclusion: a systematic review Full Text available with Trip Pro

School?based interventions for reducing disciplinary school exclusion: a systematic review School‐based interventions for reducing disciplinary school exclusion: a systematic review - Valdebenito - 2018 - Campbell Systematic Reviews - Wiley Online Library By continuing to browse this site, you agree to its use of cookies as described in our . Search within Search term Search term SYSTEMATIC REVIEW Open Access School‐based interventions for reducing disciplinary school exclusion: a systematic (...) are defined in the Educational Law but its use is extremely rare. The school principal in consultation with the pupil's teacher, unless the local authority defines a different procedure. Exclusion is used as a last resort and can be justified only for serious issues of violence. The law suggests the use of alternatives such as mediation before imposing an exclusion. Unknown New Zealand 16 In New Zealand, the guidance for suspensions is based on the Education Act of 1989 and the Education Rules 1999 (Stand

2018 Campbell Collaboration

191. Translation and implementation of the Australian-led PCOS guideline: clinical summary and translation resources from the International Evidence-based Guideline for the Assessment and Management of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Translation and implementation of the Australian-led PCOS guideline: clinical summary and translation resources from the International Evidence-based Guideline for the Assessment and Management of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Translation and implementation of the Australian-led PCOS guideline: clinical summary and translation resources from the International Evidence-based Guideline for the Assessment and Management of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome | The Medical Journal of Australia mja-search search (...) Use the for more specific terms. Title contains Body contains Date range from Date range to Article type Author's surname Volume First page doi: 10.5694/mja__.______ Search Reset  close Individual Login Purchase options Connect person_outline Login keyboard_arrow_down Individual Login Purchase options menu search Advertisement close Translation and implementation of the Australian-led PCOS guideline: clinical summary and translation resources from the International Evidence-based Guideline

2018 MJA Clinical Guidelines

192. International evidence-based guideline for the assessment and management of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)

the recommendation of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) evidence-based methodology workshop of PCOS 2012 that specific phenotypes should be reported explicitly in all research [16]. The natural history and clinical implications of the phenotypes remain unclear at this stage: ? Androgen excess + ovulatory dysfunction + polycystic ovarian morphology (Phenotype A) ? Androgen excess + ovulatory dysfunction (Phenotype B) ? Androgen excess + polycystic ovarian morphology (Phenotype C) ? Ovulatory dysfunction (...) International evidence-based guideline for the assessment and management of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) International evidence-based guideline for the assessment and management of polycystic ovary syndrome 2018Publication approval The guideline recommendations on pages 16 to 34 of this document were approved by the Chief Executive Officer of the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) on 2 July 2018 under section 14A of the National Health and Medical Research Council Act 1992

2018 European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology

193. Excess mortality in persons with severe mental disorders: a multilevel intervention framework and priorities for clinical practice, policy and research agendas. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Excess mortality in persons with severe mental disorders: a multilevel intervention framework and priorities for clinical practice, policy and research agendas. Excess mortality in persons with severe mental disorders (SMD) is a major public health challenge that warrants action. The number and scope of truly tested interventions in this area remain limited, and strategies for implementation and scaling up of programmes with a strong evidence base are scarce. Furthermore, the majority (...) of available interventions focus on a single or an otherwise limited number of risk factors. Here we present a multilevel model highlighting risk factors for excess mortality in persons with SMD at the individual, health system and socio-environmental levels. Informed by that model, we describe a comprehensive framework that may be useful for designing, implementing and evaluating interventions and programmes to reduce excess mortality in persons with SMD. This framework includes individual-focused, health

2017 World Psychiatry

194. Impact of sodium oxybate, modafinil, and combination treatment on excessive daytime sleepiness in patients who have narcolepsy with or without cataplexy. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Impact of sodium oxybate, modafinil, and combination treatment on excessive daytime sleepiness in patients who have narcolepsy with or without cataplexy. Effects of sodium oxybate (SXB) on patients with narcolepsy with cataplexy (NC) or without cataplexy (NWOC) have not been separately evaluated in clinical trials.Retrospective analysis evaluated data from a phase 3, randomized, placebo-controlled trial of SXB, modafinil, and SXB + modafinil versus placebo in adult NC patients (n = 95) or NWOC (...) patients (n = 127). NC patients were identified based on medical history, concomitant medications, and sleep-onset REM periods on nocturnal polysomnography. The studied outcomes were changes from baseline at eight weeks on the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), the Maintenance of Wakefulness Test (MWT), and the Clinical Global Impression of Change (CGI-C).Among NC and NWOC patients, ESS improvement was significantly greater with SXB and SXB + modafinil versus placebo. In NC patients, mean MWT sleep

2017 Sleep medicine Controlled trial quality: uncertain

195. Airway stenting in excessive central airway collapse Full Text available with Trip Pro

Airway stenting in excessive central airway collapse In tracheobronchomalacia (TBM) and other disorders, weakened airway walls lead to expiratory central airway collapse (ECAC) and can cause symptoms of cough, dyspnea, retained secretions, and recurrent pulmonary infections. Diagnosis of severe ECAC is based on the presence of >90% expiratory airway collapse on dynamic computed tomography (CT) and/or bronchoscopy. We offer patients with severe ECAC a trial of airway stenting to determine

2017 Journal of Visualized Surgery

196. Value of Excess Pressure Integral for Predicting 15‐Year All‐Cause and Cardiovascular Mortalities in End‐Stage Renal Disease Patients Full Text available with Trip Pro

Value of Excess Pressure Integral for Predicting 15‐Year All‐Cause and Cardiovascular Mortalities in End‐Stage Renal Disease Patients The excess pressure integral (XSPI), derived from analysis of the arterial pressure curve, may be a significant predictor of cardiovascular events in high-risk patients. We comprehensively investigated the prognostic value of XSPI for predicting long-term mortality in end-stage renal disease patients undergoing regular hemodialysis.A total of 267 uremic (...) . Incremental utility of the parameters to risk stratification was assessed by net reclassification improvement. During a median follow-up of 15.3 years, 124 deaths (46.4%) incurred. Baseline XSPI was significantly predictive of all-cause (hazard ratio per 1 SD 1.4, 95% confidence interval 1.15-1.70, P=0.0006) and cardiovascular mortalities (1.47, 1.18-1.84, P=0.0006) after accounting for the covariates. The addition of XSPI to the base prognostic model significantly improved prediction of both all-cause

2017 Journal of the American Heart Association: Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Disease

197. Sex Differences in Treatments, Relative Survival, and Excess Mortality Following Acute Myocardial Infarction: National Cohort Study Using the SWEDEHEART Registry Full Text available with Trip Pro

Sex Differences in Treatments, Relative Survival, and Excess Mortality Following Acute Myocardial Infarction: National Cohort Study Using the SWEDEHEART Registry This study assessed sex differences in treatments, all-cause mortality, relative survival, and excess mortality following acute myocardial infarction.A population-based cohort of all hospitals providing acute myocardial infarction care in Sweden (SWEDEHEART [Swedish Web System for Enhancement and Development of Evidence-Based Care (...) in Heart Disease Evaluated According to Recommended Therapies]) from 2003 to 2013 was included in the analysis. Excess mortality rate ratios (EMRRs), adjusted for clinical characteristics and guideline-indicated treatments after matching by age, sex, and year to background mortality data, were estimated. Although there were no sex differences in all-cause mortality adjusted for age, year of hospitalization, and comorbidities for ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and non-STEMI at 1 year

2017 Journal of the American Heart Association: Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Disease

198. Metabolic Reponses to a physical exercise session in women with excess body mass: randomized clinical trial Full Text available with Trip Pro

Metabolic Reponses to a physical exercise session in women with excess body mass: randomized clinical trial There are various factors that influence the effect of physical exercise on the lipid profile, among them the body mass index and calorie expenditure of the exercise are some of the main factors. To test the hypothesis that a physical exercise session based on caloric expenditure may acutely modify the glycemia and lipid values of women with excess body mass.The study included 66 women (...) , randomly divided into two groups, control and experimental, with BMI of 29 ± 4.4 kg/m2 vs 29 ± 4.3 kg/m2 (p = 0.45) sedentary and aged 23 ± 3.8 vs 24 ± 3.5 years, respectively (p = 0.25). After 12 h fasting, the volunteers underwent the first blood collection. The experimental group was submitted to a physical exercise session corresponding to energy expenditure of 250Kcal, of light intensity based the Borg Rating of Perceived Exertion (RPE), 12 h after the first blood collection. The control

2017 Lipids in health and disease Controlled trial quality: uncertain

199. Asian Adolescents with Excess Weight are at Higher Risk for Insulin Resistance than Non-Asian Peers. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Asian Adolescents with Excess Weight are at Higher Risk for Insulin Resistance than Non-Asian Peers. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether Asian American adolescents have higher metabolic risk from excess weight than non-Asians.Seven hundred thirty-three students, aged 14 to 19 years old, completed a school-based health screening. The 427 Asian and 306 non-Asian students were overall equivalent on age, sex, and family income. Height, weight, waist circumference, percent body fat (...) , and blood pressure were measured. Fasting triglycerides, high- and low-density lipoproteins, glucose, and insulin levels were measured. Asian and non-Asians in lean or overweight/obesity groups were contrasted on the five factors that make up the metabolic syndrome.Asian adolescents carrying excess weight had significantly higher insulin resistance (IR), triglyceride levels, and waist-height ratios (W/H), despite a significantly lower overall BMI than corresponding non-Asians. Similarly, Asians had

2017 Obesity

200. Effects of Excessive Alcohol Use on Antisocial Behavior Across Adolescence and Early Adulthood. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effects of Excessive Alcohol Use on Antisocial Behavior Across Adolescence and Early Adulthood. Antisocial behavior (ASB) decreases with age in most of the population; however, excessive alcohol use can inhibit the desistance process. This study investigated whether excessive early drinking might slow a young person's overall pattern of crime desistance compared with that of others ("between-person effects") and whether short-term increases in alcohol consumption might result in short-term (...) increases in ASB ("within-person effects").Frequency of ASB and typical alcohol consumption were assessed repeatedly in young people 15 to 21 years old in a population-based birth cohort (Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children). Longitudinal trajectories showed ASB decreasing and alcohol use increasing across adolescence, which stabilized in adulthood. The parallel growth model was re-parameterized to simultaneously estimate the person-specific (or "between-person") and time-specific

2017 Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

To help you find the content you need quickly, you can filter your results via the categories on the right-hand side >>>>