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Autonomic Nervous System

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1. Autonomic Nervous System Dysregulation in Monozygous Twins With Nephropathic Cystinosis Full Text available with Trip Pro

Autonomic Nervous System Dysregulation in Monozygous Twins With Nephropathic Cystinosis 30450477 2019 02 26 2468-0249 3 6 2018 Nov Kidney international reports Kidney Int Rep Autonomic Nervous System Dysregulation in Monozygous Twins With Nephropathic Cystinosis. 1489-1496 10.1016/j.ekir.2018.07.019 Brooks Ellen R ER Division of Kidney Diseases, Department of Pediatrics, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine and Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, Chicago (...) , Illinois, USA. Deng Fang F Division of Kidney Diseases, Department of Pediatrics, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine and Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA. Department of Pediatrics, First Affiliated Hospital, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, China. Weese-Mayer Debra E DE Center for Autonomic Medicine in Pediatrics (CAMP), Department of Pediatrics, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine and Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital

2018 Kidney international reports

2. Exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation effect on autonomic nervous system (heart rate recovery, heart rate variability or baroreflex sensibility) in coronary artery disease patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation effect on autonomic nervous system (heart rate recovery, heart rate variability or baroreflex sensibility) in coronary artery disease patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete

2019 PROSPERO

3. Changes in autonomic nervous system activity following a spinal manipulation in humans: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Changes in autonomic nervous system activity following a spinal manipulation in humans: a systematic review and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne

2019 PROSPERO

4. Aromatherapy Improves Work Performance Through Balancing the Autonomic Nervous System. (Abstract)

Aromatherapy Improves Work Performance Through Balancing the Autonomic Nervous System. This study analyzed the efficacy of aromatherapy in improving work performance and reducing workplace stress.The initial sample comprised 42 administrative university workers (Mage = 42.21 years, standard deviation = 7.12; 10 male).All sessions were performed in a university computer classroom. The participants were randomly assigned into an aromatherapy group (AG) and a control group (CG), and they were (...) on the Web site as "performance time."Before and after the intervention, participants completed anxiety and mood state questionnaires (the Stait-Trait Anxiety Inventory [STAI] and the Profile of Mood States [POMS]). Heart-rate variability (HRV) was measured before (PRE), during (20-25 min), and after (POS) the intervention to analyze autonomic nervous system regulation.The AG performed the Web site task 2.28 min faster than the CG (p = 0.05). The two groups showed differences in the following HRV

2017 Journal of alternative and complementary medicine (New York, N.Y.) Controlled trial quality: uncertain

5. Correction: Developmental milestones of the autonomic nervous system revealed via longitudinal monitoring of fetal heart rate variability. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Correction: Developmental milestones of the autonomic nervous system revealed via longitudinal monitoring of fetal heart rate variability. [This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0200799.].

2018 PLoS ONE

6. Microvolt T-wave alternans and autonomic nervous system parameters can be helpful in the identification of low-arrhythmic risk patients with ischemic left ventricular systolic dysfunction. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Microvolt T-wave alternans and autonomic nervous system parameters can be helpful in the identification of low-arrhythmic risk patients with ischemic left ventricular systolic dysfunction. The role of implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) placement in the primary prevention of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in all consecutive patients with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤ 35% is still a matter of hot debate due to the fact that the population of these patients is highly

2018 PLoS ONE

7. Developmental milestones of the autonomic nervous system revealed via longitudinal monitoring of fetal heart rate variability. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Developmental milestones of the autonomic nervous system revealed via longitudinal monitoring of fetal heart rate variability. Fetal heart rate variability (fHRV) of normal-to-normal (NN) beat intervals provides high-temporal resolution access to assess the functioning of the autonomic nervous system (ANS).To determine critical periods of fetal autonomic maturation. The developmental pace is hypothesized to change with gestational age (GA).Prospective longitudinal observational study.60 healthy

2018 PLoS ONE

8. The Role of Failing Autonomic Nervous System on Life-Threatening Idiopathic Systemic Capillary Leak Syndrome Full Text available with Trip Pro

The Role of Failing Autonomic Nervous System on Life-Threatening Idiopathic Systemic Capillary Leak Syndrome Idiopathic systemic capillary leak syndrome (ISCLS) is a rare disease that involves the endothelium and microcirculation, leading to an abrupt shift of fluids and proteins from the intravascular to the interstitial compartment. The consequence of the capillary leakage is a life-threatening hypovolemic shock that can lead to lethal multiple organ dysfunction. The autonomic nervous system (...) (ANS) is central in regulating the cardiovascular response to hypovolemia, but ANS modulation in ISCLS has not yet been investigated. Here, we report ANS activity during acute phase and recovery from a severe ISCLS shock and speculate on the possibility that autonomic mechanisms underlie the pathogenesis of attacks.

2018 Frontiers in medicine

9. The Effects of Music Listening During Extraction of the Impacted Mandibular Third Molar on the Autonomic Nervous System and Psychological State. (Abstract)

The Effects of Music Listening During Extraction of the Impacted Mandibular Third Molar on the Autonomic Nervous System and Psychological State. Pain, anxiety, and nervousness related to dental procedures can cause acute changes in the autonomic nervous system. Music is widely accepted as a relaxation method during dental treatment; however, its effects during dental treatment are unclear. The authors explored the effects of listening to music during extraction of the impacted mandibular third (...) molar on the autonomic nervous system and the psychological state and hypothesized that listening to music would suppress sympathetic nervous activity and decrease anxiety.In this prospective study, 40 patients scheduled for extraction of an impacted mandibular third molar were randomized into 2 groups: extraction without music (control group) and extraction while listening to music (music group). Heart rate variability was recorded during the experiment, and Modified Dental Anxiety Scale and State

2019 Journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery : official journal of the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons Controlled trial quality: uncertain

10. Bladder Neuromodulation in Acute Spinal Cord Injury via Transcutaneous Tibial Nerve Stimulation: Cystometrogram and Autonomic Nervous System Evidence From a Randomized Control Pilot Trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Bladder Neuromodulation in Acute Spinal Cord Injury via Transcutaneous Tibial Nerve Stimulation: Cystometrogram and Autonomic Nervous System Evidence From a Randomized Control Pilot Trial. Aim: Percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation is used to decrease incontinence in chronic neurogenic bladder. We report the findings from a subset of patients in a randomized control trial of transcutaneous tibial nerve stimulation (TTNS) for bladder neuromodulation in acute spinal cord injury (SCI) in whom (...) heart rate variability (HRV) was recorded before and after cystometrogram (CMG). The aim was to correlate autonomic nervous system (ANS) changes associated with the CMG changes after the trial using HRV analyses. Methods: The study was a double-blinded sham-controlled 2-week trial with consecutive acute SCI patients admitted for inpatient rehabilitation, randomized to TTNS vs. control sham stimulation. Pre- and Post- trial CMG were performed with concurrent 5-min HRV recordings with empty bladder

2019 Frontiers in neuroscience Controlled trial quality: uncertain

11. Understanding mind-body disciplines: A pilot study of paced breathing and dynamic muscle contraction on autonomic nervous system reactivity. (Abstract)

Understanding mind-body disciplines: A pilot study of paced breathing and dynamic muscle contraction on autonomic nervous system reactivity. Mind-body disciplines such as yoga, Tai Chi, and Qigong have been demonstrated to activate the parasympathetic nervous system, but it remains unclear how these practices achieve these results, whether by breathing, movement, or some combination. This pilot study establishes a model to examine the individual and combined effects of paced breathing (...) and rhythmic skeletal muscle contraction on the activation of the parasympathetic system during a cognitive stressor. Male participants were randomly assigned to one of four preconditioning groups: (a) paced breathing alone, (b) alternating upper extremity muscle contractions, (c) paced breathing synchronized with alternating contractions, or (d) a neutral control task. Autonomic response was assessed by heart rate variability during a standardized cognitive stressor. The alternating contraction group had

2019 Stress and health : journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress Controlled trial quality: uncertain

12. Active and Passive Rhythmic Music Therapy Interventions Differentially Modulate Sympathetic Autonomic Nervous System Activity. (Abstract)

Active and Passive Rhythmic Music Therapy Interventions Differentially Modulate Sympathetic Autonomic Nervous System Activity. Dysregulation of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis has been implicated in psychiatric disorders. Music therapy (MT) has been shown to modulate heart-rate variability (HRV) and salivary stress markers, physiological markers of the ANS and HPA axes, respectively. Given the prominent role of arousal and stress physiology

2019 Journal of Music Therapy Controlled trial quality: uncertain

13. Impaired Autonomic Nervous System-Microbiome Circuit in Hypertension. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Impaired Autonomic Nervous System-Microbiome Circuit in Hypertension. Hypertension affects an estimated 103 million Americans, yet gaps in knowledge continue to limit its successful management. Rapidly emerging evidence is linking gut dysbiosis to many disorders and diseases including hypertension. The evolution of the -omics techniques has allowed determination of the abundance and potential function of gut bacterial species by next-generation bacterial sequencing, whereas metabolomics (...) techniques report shifts in bacterial metabolites in the systemic circulation of hypertensive patients and rodent models of hypertension. The gut microbiome and host have evolved to exist in balance and cooperation, and there is extensive crosstalk between the 2 to maintain this balance, including during regulation of blood pressure. However, an understanding of the mechanisms of dysfunctional host-microbiome interactions in hypertension is still lacking. Here, we synthesize some of our recent data

2019 Circulation Research

14. Review article: the role of the autonomic nervous system in the pathogenesis and therapy of IBD. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Review article: the role of the autonomic nervous system in the pathogenesis and therapy of IBD. There is a growing body of evidence implicating a role for the brain-gut axis in the pathogenesis of inflammation in patients with IBD.To perform a narrative review of published literature regarding the association of the autonomic nervous system and intestinal inflammation and to describe the rationale for and emerging use of autonomic manipulation as a therapeutic agent METHODS: Current relevant (...) -inflammatory pathway influences inflammation both systemically and at a local intestinal level. It represents a potentially underutilised anti-inflammatory therapeutic strategy. Given the likely pathogenic role of the autonomic nervous system in patients with IBD, vagal neuromodulation, an apparently safe and successful means of increasing vagal tone, warrants further clinical exploration.© 2019 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

2019 Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics

15. Recovery from sauna bathing favorably modulates cardiac autonomic nervous system. (Abstract)

Recovery from sauna bathing favorably modulates cardiac autonomic nervous system. Sauna bathing is becoming a common activity in many countries and it has been linked to favorable health outcomes. However, there is limited data on the heart rate (HR) and heart rate variability (HRV) responses to an acute sauna exposure.We conducted a single-group, longitudinal study utilizing a pre-post design to examine acute effects of sauna bathing on the autonomic nervous system as reflected by HRV. A total (...) of recovery (68/min) compared to pre-sauna (77/min). A sauna session transiently diminished the vagal component, whereas the cooling down period after sauna decreased low frequency power (p < 0.001) and increased high frequency power in HRV (p < 0.001), favorably modulating the autonomic nervous system balance.This study demonstrates that a session of sauna bathing induces an increase in HR. During the cooling down period from sauna bathing, HRV increased which indicates the dominant role

2019 Complementary Therapies In Medicine

16. Publisher Correction: The autonomic nervous system and cardiac arrhythmias: current concepts and emerging therapies. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Publisher Correction: The autonomic nervous system and cardiac arrhythmias: current concepts and emerging therapies. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.

2019 Nature reviews. Cardiology

17. Publisher Correction: The autonomic nervous system and cardiac arrhythmias: current concepts and emerging therapies. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Publisher Correction: The autonomic nervous system and cardiac arrhythmias: current concepts and emerging therapies. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.

2019 Nature reviews. Cardiology

18. Autonomic Nervous System Dysfunction: JACC Focus Seminar. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Autonomic Nervous System Dysfunction: JACC Focus Seminar. Autonomic nervous system control of the heart is a dynamic process in both health and disease. A multilevel neural network is responsible for control of chronotropy, lusitropy, dromotropy, and inotropy. Intrinsic autonomic dysfunction arises from diseases that directly affect the autonomic nerves, such as diabetes mellitus and the syndromes of primary autonomic failure. Extrinsic autonomic dysfunction reflects the changes in autonomic (...) function that are secondarily induced by cardiac or other disease. An array of tests interrogate various aspects of cardiac autonomic control in either resting conditions or with physiological perturbations from resting conditions. The prognostic significance of these assessments have been well established. Clinical usefulness has not been established, and the precise mechanistic link to mortality is less well established. Further efforts are required to develop optimal approaches to delineate cardiac

2019 Journal of the American College of Cardiology

19. Effects of Manual Somatic Stimulation on the Autonomic Nervous System and Posture. (Abstract)

Effects of Manual Somatic Stimulation on the Autonomic Nervous System and Posture. Low back pain frequently involves a multifactorial etiology and requires medical attention. The aim of the study was to assess the associations among pain, posture, and autonomic nervous system function in patients with low back pain, using neuromuscular manual therapy versus a generic peripheral manual stimulation (back massage therapy). Twenty young patients with low back pain were enrolled into the study (...) after the end. All patients were subjected to stabilometric evaluation and were assessed on a visual analogue scale to quantify postural and pain changes. Tabletop capnography and pulse oximetry were used to monitor autonomic changes. The findings were that the improvement in posture and pain reduction were appreciably better in patients subjected to neuromuscular manual therapy than in those subjected to back massage therapy, with a comparable autonomic response in both groups. In conclusion

2019 Advances in experimental medicine and biology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

20. Anticholinergics aggravate the imbalance of the autonomic nervous system in stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Anticholinergics aggravate the imbalance of the autonomic nervous system in stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Inhaled anticholinergics, recommended as first-line maintenance treatment for patients with moderate-to-severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), has been demonstrated to be associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases. Nevertheless, why COPD patients using inhaled anticholinergics have this higher risk remains unknown. One of mechanisms may (...) be an autonomic imbalance because anticholinergics yield reduced vagal nervous activity. To test our hypothesis, we studied heart rate recovery (HRR) after exercise, recognized as a marker of cardiac autonomic function, in COPD patients using and not using inhaled anticholinergics.Sixty patients with COPD were involved in this study (mean FEV1 = 1.57 ± 0.42 L), including 24 patients who had received tiotropium for more than 1 year and 36 patients not using tiotropium as a control group. A maximal

2019 BMC pulmonary medicine

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