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Autonomic Nervous System

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1. Autonomic Nervous System Dysregulation in Monozygous Twins With Nephropathic Cystinosis (Full text)

Autonomic Nervous System Dysregulation in Monozygous Twins With Nephropathic Cystinosis 30450477 2019 02 26 2468-0249 3 6 2018 Nov Kidney international reports Kidney Int Rep Autonomic Nervous System Dysregulation in Monozygous Twins With Nephropathic Cystinosis. 1489-1496 10.1016/j.ekir.2018.07.019 Brooks Ellen R ER Division of Kidney Diseases, Department of Pediatrics, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine and Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, Chicago (...) , Illinois, USA. Deng Fang F Division of Kidney Diseases, Department of Pediatrics, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine and Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA. Department of Pediatrics, First Affiliated Hospital, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, China. Weese-Mayer Debra E DE Center for Autonomic Medicine in Pediatrics (CAMP), Department of Pediatrics, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine and Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital

2018 Kidney international reports PubMed

2. Aromatherapy Improves Work Performance Through Balancing the Autonomic Nervous System. (PubMed)

Aromatherapy Improves Work Performance Through Balancing the Autonomic Nervous System. This study analyzed the efficacy of aromatherapy in improving work performance and reducing workplace stress.The initial sample comprised 42 administrative university workers (Mage = 42.21 years, standard deviation = 7.12; 10 male).All sessions were performed in a university computer classroom. The participants were randomly assigned into an aromatherapy group (AG) and a control group (CG), and they were (...) on the Web site as "performance time."Before and after the intervention, participants completed anxiety and mood state questionnaires (the Stait-Trait Anxiety Inventory [STAI] and the Profile of Mood States [POMS]). Heart-rate variability (HRV) was measured before (PRE), during (20-25 min), and after (POS) the intervention to analyze autonomic nervous system regulation.The AG performed the Web site task 2.28 min faster than the CG (p = 0.05). The two groups showed differences in the following HRV

2017 Journal of alternative and complementary medicine (New York, N.Y.)

3. Exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation effect on autonomic nervous system (heart rate recovery, heart rate variability or baroreflex sensibility) in coronary artery disease patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation effect on autonomic nervous system (heart rate recovery, heart rate variability or baroreflex sensibility) in coronary artery disease patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete

2019 PROSPERO

4. Effects of Manual Somatic Stimulation on the Autonomic Nervous System and Posture. (PubMed)

Effects of Manual Somatic Stimulation on the Autonomic Nervous System and Posture. Low back pain frequently involves a multifactorial etiology and requires medical attention. The aim of the study was to assess the associations among pain, posture, and autonomic nervous system function in patients with low back pain, using neuromuscular manual therapy versus a generic peripheral manual stimulation (back massage therapy). Twenty young patients with low back pain were enrolled into the study (...) after the end. All patients were subjected to stabilometric evaluation and were assessed on a visual analogue scale to quantify postural and pain changes. Tabletop capnography and pulse oximetry were used to monitor autonomic changes. The findings were that the improvement in posture and pain reduction were appreciably better in patients subjected to neuromuscular manual therapy than in those subjected to back massage therapy, with a comparable autonomic response in both groups. In conclusion

2019 Advances in experimental medicine and biology

5. Developmental milestones of the autonomic nervous system revealed via longitudinal monitoring of fetal heart rate variability. (Full text)

Developmental milestones of the autonomic nervous system revealed via longitudinal monitoring of fetal heart rate variability. Fetal heart rate variability (fHRV) of normal-to-normal (NN) beat intervals provides high-temporal resolution access to assess the functioning of the autonomic nervous system (ANS).To determine critical periods of fetal autonomic maturation. The developmental pace is hypothesized to change with gestational age (GA).Prospective longitudinal observational study.60 healthy

2018 PLoS ONE PubMed

6. The Role of Failing Autonomic Nervous System on Life-Threatening Idiopathic Systemic Capillary Leak Syndrome (Full text)

The Role of Failing Autonomic Nervous System on Life-Threatening Idiopathic Systemic Capillary Leak Syndrome Idiopathic systemic capillary leak syndrome (ISCLS) is a rare disease that involves the endothelium and microcirculation, leading to an abrupt shift of fluids and proteins from the intravascular to the interstitial compartment. The consequence of the capillary leakage is a life-threatening hypovolemic shock that can lead to lethal multiple organ dysfunction. The autonomic nervous system (...) (ANS) is central in regulating the cardiovascular response to hypovolemia, but ANS modulation in ISCLS has not yet been investigated. Here, we report ANS activity during acute phase and recovery from a severe ISCLS shock and speculate on the possibility that autonomic mechanisms underlie the pathogenesis of attacks.

2018 Frontiers in medicine PubMed

7. Role of Autonomic Nervous System and Orexinergic System on Adipose Tissue (Full text)

Role of Autonomic Nervous System and Orexinergic System on Adipose Tissue Adipose tissue, defined as white adipose tissue (WAT) and brown adipose tissue (BAT), is a biological caloric reservoir; in response to over-nutrition it expands and, in response to energy deficit, it releases lipids. The WAT primarily stores energy as triglycerides, whereas BAT dissipates chemical energy as heat. In mammals, the BAT is a key site for heat production and an attractive target to promote weight loss (...) . The autonomic nervous system (ANS) exerts a direct control at the cellular and molecular levels in adiposity. The sympathetic nervous system (SNS) provides a complex homeostatic control to specifically coordinate function and crosstalk of both fat pads, as indicated by the increase of the sympathetic outflow to BAT, in response to cold and high-fat diet, but also by the increase or decrease of the sympathetic outflow to selected WAT depots, in response to different lipolytic requirements of these two

2017 Frontiers in physiology PubMed

8. Rhythmical massage improves autonomic nervous system function: a single-blind randomised controlled trial. (Full text)

Rhythmical massage improves autonomic nervous system function: a single-blind randomised controlled trial. Rhythmical massage therapy (RMT) is a massage technique used in anthroposophic medicine.The authors aimed to investigate the physiological action of RMT on the cardiovascular system by analysing heart rate variability (HRV).This study was a randomised, controlled and single-blinded trial, involving 44 healthy women (mean age: (26.20 ± 4.71) years). The subjects were randomised to one (...) regulation differed significantly among the three groups. Immediately after an RMT session, stimulation of HRV was found in the groups RA and RM. The use of an aromatic oil produced greater short-term measurable changes in HRV compared with rhythmic massage alone, but after 24 h the effect was no longer distinguishable from the RM group. The lowest stimulation of HRV parameters was measured in the SM group.RMT causes specific and marked stimulation of the autonomic nervous system. Use of a medicinal

2018 Journal of integrative medicine PubMed

9. Smoking Disturbs the Intrinsic Tendencies of Autonomic Nervous System Reflected in the Bioelectric Potential at 12 Alarm Points: A Pilot Study. (Full text)

Smoking Disturbs the Intrinsic Tendencies of Autonomic Nervous System Reflected in the Bioelectric Potential at 12 Alarm Points: A Pilot Study. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of smoking on the bioelectrical potential (BEP) at 12 alarm points.A crossover study was conducted on 17 normal adult male smokers. The BEP was measured at 12 alarm points both before and after breathing through a filter (control) and smoking.The participants were classified into three subtypes (...) with a sympathetic tendency. Smoking does this by eliminating the intrinsic tendency of the autonomic nervous system, and these effects can be observed in the BEP at 12 alarm points.Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier B.V.

2018 Journal of acupuncture and meridian studies PubMed

10. Effects of electroacupuncture to the trigeminal nerve area on the autonomic nervous system and cerebral blood flow in the prefrontal cortex. (Full text)

Effects of electroacupuncture to the trigeminal nerve area on the autonomic nervous system and cerebral blood flow in the prefrontal cortex. The autonomic nervous system and trigeminal nerve are involved in adjusting flow through diverging cerebral arteries in the prefrontal cortex. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of 100 Hz electroacupuncture (EA) to the trigeminal nerve area on cerebral blood flow and autonomic nervous system function.This was a randomised crossover study (...) of 16 healthy volunteers who were assigned to an EA or control group. Stimulation (in the EA group) was performed five times, each after 1 min of rest. Needles were inserted at the inner edge of the eyebrows and 1 cm from the front hairline midpoint. We used high-frequency (HF) and low-frequency (LF) components of heart rate (HR) variability to assess autonomic nervous system function. HF and LF/HF ratio were taken as indicators of parasympathetic and sympathetic nervous system activity

2018 Acupuncture in medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society PubMed

11. Ingestion of coffee polyphenols suppresses deterioration of skin barrier function after barrier disruption, concomitant with the modulation of autonomic nervous system activity in healthy subjects. (PubMed)

Ingestion of coffee polyphenols suppresses deterioration of skin barrier function after barrier disruption, concomitant with the modulation of autonomic nervous system activity in healthy subjects. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of consumption of coffee polyphenols (CPPs) on the autonomic nervous system activity and decreased skin barrier function caused by sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) treatment. In this single-blind, placebo-controlled study, ten healthy male subjects (...) the regulation of the autonomic nervous system and contribute to the suppressive effect on deterioration of skin barrier function.

2018 Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry

12. Transcranial direct current stimulation in individuals with spinal cord injury: Assessment of autonomic nervous system activity. (PubMed)

Transcranial direct current stimulation in individuals with spinal cord injury: Assessment of autonomic nervous system activity. We hypothesized in this study that transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) of primary motor cortex could exert top-down modulation over subcortical systems associated with autonomic control and thus be useful to revert some of the dysfunctional changes found in the autonomic nervous system (ANS) of subjects with spinal cord injuries (SCI).To explore the acute (...) /HF (P = 0.003).Anodal tDCS of the motor cortex modulated ANS activity in individuals with SCI independent of gender, type and time of lesion. These changes were in the direction of normalization of ANS parameters, thus confirming our initial hypothesis that an enhancement of cortical excitability by tDCS could at least partially restore some of the dysfunctional activity in the ANS system of subjects with SCI.

2018 Restorative neurology and neuroscience

13. Cardiac Autonomic Nervous System Activity and Cardiac Function in Children after Coarctation Repair. (PubMed)

Cardiac Autonomic Nervous System Activity and Cardiac Function in Children after Coarctation Repair. Coarctation of the aorta (CoA) is one of the most common congenital heart defects. Most patients live into adulthood as a result of improved surgical techniques; however, late complications, including hypertension, recoarctation, and arrhythmias, are common. The autonomic nervous system (ANS) might play a role in the pathology. This study evaluated cardiac ANS activity and cardiac function

2018 Annals of Thoracic Surgery

14. Hypoglycemia and Autonomic Nervous System Function- B2

Hypoglycemia and Autonomic Nervous System Function- B2 Hypoglycemia and Autonomic Nervous System Function- B2 - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Hypoglycemia and Autonomic Nervous System (...) : Single Group Assignment Masking: None (Open Label) Primary Purpose: Treatment Official Title: Hypoglycemia and Autonomic Nervous System Function Actual Study Start Date : September 25, 2017 Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 31, 2018 Estimated Study Completion Date : December 31, 2018 Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine related topics: related topics: Arms and Interventions Go to Arm Intervention/treatment Experimental: Hypoglycemia Participants are exposed to two 90

2018 Clinical Trials

15. Influence of the Water-Drinking Test on Intraocular Pressure, Schlemm's Canal, and Autonomic Nervous System Activity. (Full text)

Influence of the Water-Drinking Test on Intraocular Pressure, Schlemm's Canal, and Autonomic Nervous System Activity. To assess changes in Schlemm's canal (SC), intraocular pressure (IOP), and autonomic nervous system activity in healthy individuals after performing the water-drinking test (WDT).The SC area (SCAR), trabecular meshwork (TM) thickness, IOP, high frequency (HF) of heart rate variability (HRV), heart rate (HR), and systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) were measured (...) in 22 young healthy participants before and after the WDT, which involved drinking a 1-liter water load in 5 minutes.The SC and TM profiles were captured using a Spectralis optical coherence tomography device (anterior segment module). HF was recorded using Kubios HRV Premium software to evaluate parasympathetic nervous system activity.Compared with baseline values, IOP increased significantly (14.9 ± 2.7 mm Hg vs. 18.4 ± 3.3 mm Hg; P < 0.001), whereas HF (1587 ± 930 ms2 vs. 2193 ± 863 ms2; P

2018 Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science PubMed

16. The cold pressor test in interictal migraine patients - different parasympathetic pupillary response indicates dysbalance of the cranial autonomic nervous system. (Full text)

The cold pressor test in interictal migraine patients - different parasympathetic pupillary response indicates dysbalance of the cranial autonomic nervous system. Data on autonomic nervous system (ANS) activations in migraine patients are quite controversial, with previous studies reporting over- and underactivation of the sympathetic as well as parasympathetic nervous system. In the present study, we explicitly aimed to assess the cranial ANS in migraine patients compared to healthy controls

2018 BMC Neurology PubMed

17. Increased receptor activity-modifying protein 1 in the nervous system is sufficient to protect against autonomic dysregulation and hypertension. (PubMed)

Increased receptor activity-modifying protein 1 in the nervous system is sufficient to protect against autonomic dysregulation and hypertension. Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) can cause migraines, yet it is also a potent vasodilator that protects against hypertension. Given the emerging role of CGRP-targeted antibodies for migraine prevention, an important question is whether the protective actions of CGRP are mediated by vascular or neural CGRP receptors. To address this, we have (...) characterized the cardiovascular phenotype of transgenic nestin/hRAMP1 mice that have selective elevation of a CGRP receptor subunit in the nervous system, human receptor activity-modifying protein 1 (hRAMP1). Nestin/hRAMP1 mice had relatively little hRAMP1 RNA in blood vessels and intravenous injection of CGRP caused a similar blood pressure decrease in transgenic and control mice. At baseline, nestin/hRAMP1 mice exhibited similar mean arterial pressure, heart rate, baroreflex sensitivity, and sympathetic

2018 Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism

18. Effects of weight changes in the autonomic nervous system: A systematic review and meta-analysis. (PubMed)

Effects of weight changes in the autonomic nervous system: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Obesity has been linked to autonomic dysfunction, which is thought to be one of the main contributors for hypertension, cardiac remodelling and death. Exercise and diet-based weight loss are the mainstay therapy for obesity, but there is a paucity of data regarding the effect of weight changes in autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity.To describe the impact of weight changes in autonomic nervous (...) training) and hypocaloric diet coupled with exercise programs. Most studies which resulted in weight loss reported decreases in LF/HF ratio, LFnu, MSNA burst frequency and incidence, NA-SR, and an increase of baroreflex sensitivity, HF, HFnu and RMSSD, pointing to a parasympathetic nervous system activation. Meta-analysis regarding weight loss interventions showed a significant pooled effect size (95% CI) with a decreased of MSNA burst frequency -5.09 (-8.42, -1.75), MSNA incidence -6.66 (-12.40, -0.62

2018 Clinical nutrition (Edinburgh, Scotland)

19. Autonomic nervous system monitoring in intensive care as a prognostic tool. Systematic review. (Full text)

Autonomic nervous system monitoring in intensive care as a prognostic tool. Systematic review. To present a systematic review of the use of autonomic nervous system monitoring as a prognostic tool in intensive care units by assessing heart rate variability.Literature review of studies published until July 2016 listed in PubMed/Medline and conducted in intensive care units, on autonomic nervous system monitoring, via analysis of heart rate variability as a prognostic tool (mortality study (...) ). The following English terms were entered in the search field: ("autonomic nervous system" OR "heart rate variability") AND ("intensive care" OR "critical care" OR "emergency care" OR "ICU") AND ("prognosis" OR "prognoses" OR "mortality").There was an increased likelihood of death in patients who had a decrease in heart rate variability as analyzed via heart rate variance, cardiac uncoupling, heart rate volatility, integer heart rate variability, standard deviation of NN intervals, root mean square

2018 Revista brasileira de terapia intensiva PubMed

20. Autonomic nervous system dysfunction and sinonasal symptoms (Full text)

Autonomic nervous system dysfunction and sinonasal symptoms The autonomic nervous system (ANS) richly innervates the nose and paranasal sinuses, and has a significant role in lower airway diseases, e.g., asthma. Nonetheless, its contribution to sinonasal symptoms is poorly understood. This review aimed to explore the complex relationship between the ANS and sinonasal symptoms, with reference to systemic diseases and triggers of ANS dysfunction.A review of articles published in English (...) was conducted by searching medical literature databases with the key words "autonomic nervous system" and ("sinusitis" or "nose" or "otolaryngology"). All identified abstracts were reviewed, and, from these, relevant published whole articles were selected.The ANS has a significant role in the pathophysiologic mechanisms that produce sinonasal symptoms. There was limited evidence that describes the relationship of the ANS in sinonasal disease with systemic conditions, e.g. hypertension. There was some

2018 Allergy & Rhinology PubMed

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