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Athetosis

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161. Familial hyperargininaemia. (PubMed)

to parental attitude, a low protein diet (1-5 g/kg) was introduced only late. The infant developed severe mental retardation, athetosis, and spasticity.

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1975 Archives of Disease in Childhood

162. On “Athetosis” and Post-Hemiplegic Disorders of Movement (PubMed)

On “Athetosis” and Post-Hemiplegic Disorders of Movement 20896465 2011 03 29 2011 03 29 0959-5287 59 1876 Medico-chirurgical transactions Med Chir Trans On "Athetosis" and Post-Hemiplegic Disorders of Movement. 271-326.1 Gowers W R WR eng Journal Article England Med Chir Trans 0156105 0959-5287 2010 10 5 6 0 1876 1 1 0 0 1876 1 1 0 1 ppublish 20896465 PMC2150275

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1876 Medico-chirurgical transactions

163. Three Cases of “Bilateral Athetosis.” (PubMed)

Three Cases of “Bilateral Athetosis.” 19976071 2010 06 24 2010 06 24 0035-9157 5 Neurol Sect 1912 Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine Proc. R. Soc. Med. Three Cases of "Bilateral Athetosis.". 60-2 Collier J J eng Journal Article England Proc R Soc Med 7505890 0035-9157 2009 12 9 6 0 1912 1 1 0 0 1912 1 1 0 1 ppublish 19976071 PMC2005486

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1912 Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine

164. Treatment of involuntary movement disorders with tetrabenazine. (PubMed)

had Huntington's chorea, two athetosis, two dystonia musculorum deformans, one hemiballismus, and one spasmodic torticollis. Four of the eight improved patients have continued taking the drug for longer than six months. In a second study seven patients with Huntington's chorea were treated for two weeks each with tetrabenazine (50 mg t.d.s.) and with amantadine (100 mg t.d.s.) and the results assessed by the same method. The choreiform movements of six of these patients were strikingly improved (...) with tetrabenazine therapy, but amantadine had no effect. Tetrabenazine is an effective agent for the suppression of choreiform and ballistic involuntary movements. It is only slightly effective in the treatment of athetosis and spasmodic torticollis. Drowsiness, insomnia, and depression were the most conspicuous unwanted effects, and these may limit the clinical usefulness of the drug.

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1972 Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry

165. L-dopa in postencephalitic parkinsonism. (PubMed)

L-dopa in postencephalitic parkinsonism. 4180215 1969 05 02 2017 09 20 0140-6736 1 7598 1969 Apr 12 Lancet (London, England) Lancet L-dopa in postencephalitic parkinsonism. 744-6 Calne D B DB Stern G M GM Laurence D R DR Sharkey J J Armitage P P eng Clinical Trial Journal Article Randomized Controlled Trial England Lancet 2985213R 0140-6736 0 Placebos 63-84-3 Dihydroxyphenylalanine AIM IM Aged Athetosis chemically induced Chorea chemically induced Clinical Trials as Topic Delusions chemically

1969 Lancet (London, England) Controlled trial quality: uncertain

166. Dystonias

-Minute Neurologic Exam SOCIAL MEDIA Add to Any Platform Loading Topic Resources Dystonias are sustained involuntary muscle contractions of antagonistic muscle groups in the same body part, leading to abnormal posturing or jerky, twisting, intermittent spasms that can resemble tremors, athetosis, or choreoathetosis. Dystonias can be primary or secondary and can be generalized, focal, or segmental. Diagnosis is clinical. Botulinum toxin injections are used to treat focal or segmental dystonias

2013 Merck Manual (19th Edition)

167. Overview of Movement and Cerebellar Disorders

: Regional Dissection 3D Model Basal ganglia Classification Movement disorders are commonly classified as those with Decreased or slow movement (hypokinetic disorders) Increased movement (hyperkinetic disorders) The classic and most common hypokinetic disorder is Hyperkinetic disorders refer to (including hemiballismus [rapid chorea] and athetosis [slow chorea]) However, this classification does not account for overlap between categories (eg, tremors that occur in Parkinson disease). Cerebellar disorders (...) are sometimes considered hyperkinetic disorders. Hyperkinetic disorders (see figure and see table ) can be Rhythmic Nonrhythmic Rhythmic disorders are primarily tremors—regular alternating or oscillatory movements, which can occur mainly at rest, while maintaining a position, and/or during attempted movement. However, in some cases, a tremor, though rhythmic, is irregular, as occurs when tremor is associated with dystonic disorders. Nonrhythmic hyperkinetic disorders can be Slow (eg, athetosis) Sustained

2013 Merck Manual (19th Edition)

168. Overview of Lysosomal Storage Disorders

-q15)* Onset: 6–9 mo Urine metabolites: Increased free sialic acid Clinical features: Growth failure, developmental disability, ataxia, hypotonia, hypotonia, spasticity, dyspraxia, dysarthria, seizures, gait problems, athetosis; increased frequency in Finland Treatment: Supportive care French type (269921) UDP- N -acetylglucosamine-2-epimerase/ N -acetylmannosamine kinase GNE (9p12-p11)* Onset: Infancy to early childhood Urine metabolites: Increased free sialic acid Clinical features: Coarse facies

2013 Merck Manual (19th Edition)

169. Cerebral Palsy (CP) Syndromes

often with spasticity and athetosis. Findings associated with cerebral palsy About 25% of patients, most often those with spasticity, have other manifestations. and other visual defects may occur. Children with athetosis due to kernicterus commonly have nerve deafness and upward gaze paralysis. Many children with spastic hemiplegia or paraplegia have normal intelligence; children with spastic quadriplegia or a mixed syndrome may have severe intellectual disability. Diagnosis Cranial MRI Sometimes (...) , jaundice, meningitis, neonatal seizures, hypertonia, hypotonia, or reflex suppression) should be followed closely. Differential diagnosis CP should be differentiated from progressive hereditary neurologic disorders and disorders requiring surgical or other specific neurologic treatments. Ataxic forms are particularly hard to distinguish, and in many children with persistent ataxia, a progressive cerebellar degenerative disorder is ultimately identified as the cause. Athetosis, self-mutilation

2013 Merck Manual (19th Edition)

170. Henry Head

value of sensory changes in diseases of the nervous system. ( Clin. J. , 1912, 40, 337, 358, 375, 396,408; 1913, 42, 23.) Nystagmoid movements of palate and lids, lateral and rotatory nystagmus, cerebellar incoordination. ( Proc. Roy. Soc. Med. , 1912–13, 6, Neurol. Sect., 53.) Athetosis of left hand with tremor of right hand. ( Proc. Roy. Soc. Med. , 1912–13, 6, Neurol. Sect., 81–84.) With J. Mclntosh, P. Fildes, and E. G. Fearnsides: Parasyphilis of the nervous system. ( Brain , 1914, 36, 1–30

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2012 Wikipedia

171. Hyperkinesia

. These types of hyperkinetic movements can be further classified into two groups. The first group, hereditary ataxias, affect the cerebellum and spinal cord and are passed from one generation to the next through a defective gene. A common hereditary ataxia is . in contrast, sporadic ataxias occur spontaneously in individuals with no known family history of such movement disorders. Athetosis [ ] is defined as a slow, continuous, involuntary writhing movement that prevents the individual from maintaining (...) a stable posture. These are smooth, nonrhythmic movements that appear random and are not composed of any recognizable sub-movements. They mainly involve the distal extremities, but can also involve the face, neck, and trunk. Athetosis can occur in the resting state, as well as in conjunction with and . When combined with chorea, as in , the term "choreoathetosis" is frequently used. Chorea [ ] is a continuous, random-appearing sequence of one or more discrete involuntary movements or movement fragments

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2012 Wikipedia

172. Cerebral palsy

that are due to restricted movement in the oral-facial muscles. There are three major types of dysarthria in cerebral palsy: spastic, dyskinetic (athetosis), and ataxic. Early use of systems may assist the child in developing spoken language skills. Overall is associated with problems of cognition, , and . Children with cerebral palsy are at risk of learned helplessness and becoming passive communicators, initiating little communication. Early intervention with this clientele, and their parents, often

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2012 Wikipedia

173. Definition and classification of hyperkinetic movements in childhood. (PubMed)

Definition and classification of hyperkinetic movements in childhood. Hyperkinetic movements are unwanted or excess movements that are frequently seen in children with neurologic disorders. They are an important clinical finding with significant implications for diagnosis and treatment. However, the lack of agreement on standard terminology and definitions interferes with clinical treatment and research. We describe definitions of dystonia, chorea, athetosis, myoclonus, tremor, tics (...) , and stereotypies that arose from a consensus meeting in June 2008 of specialists from different clinical and basic science fields. Dystonia is a movement disorder in which involuntary sustained or intermittent muscle contractions cause twisting and repetitive movements, abnormal postures, or both. Chorea is an ongoing random-appearing sequence of one or more discrete involuntary movements or movement fragments. Athetosis is a slow, continuous, involuntary writhing movement that prevents maintenance of a stable

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2010 Movement Disorders

174. Trial of Kuvan in Lesch-Nyhan Disease

results from mutation in the gene for the enzyme hypoxanthineguanine phosphoribosyltransferase (HPRT); patients have hyperuricemia, gout, urinary tract calculi, and nephropathy which are effectively treated with allopurinol. There is also a syndrome of dystonia, chorea and athetosis, as well as involuntary self mutilative biting and aggression toward their caretakers, for which there is no treatment. Kuvan™ is a form of tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4), and is approved to help lower the blood levels

2009 Clinical Trials

175. Mitochondrial Complex III Deficiency Associated with a Homozygous Mutation in UQCRQ. (PubMed)

Mitochondrial Complex III Deficiency Associated with a Homozygous Mutation in UQCRQ. A consanguineous Israeli Bedouin kindred presented with an autosomal-recessive nonlethal phenotype of severe psychomotor retardation and extrapyramidal signs, dystonia, athetosis and ataxia, mild axial hypotonia, and marked global dementia with defects in verbal and expressive communication skills. Metabolic workup was normal except for mildly elevated blood lactate levels. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI

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2008 American Journal of Human Genetics

176. The neurotoxicity and safety of treatment with cefepime in patients with renal failure. (PubMed)

conscience, confusion, agitation, global aphasia, myoclonus, chorea-athetosis, convulsions and coma. The latency, the period between the start of treatment and neurological deterioration, was 4,75 +/- 2,55 days (range: 1-10 days). All patients died 17 +/- 14,7 days (range: 1-42 days) after becoming symptomatic. Three of them died shortly after neurological deterioration. Five patients developed a neurological "tableau" with global aphasia. Three patients showed clinical improvement after

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2008 Transplantation

177. A systematic review of neuroimaging for cerebral palsy. (PubMed)

use, and future directions, with a focus on improving etiologic understanding. Most (83%) children with cerebral palsy have abnormal neuroradiological findings, with white matter damage the most common abnormality. Combined gray and white matter abnormalities are more common among children with hemiplegia; isolated white matter abnormalities are more common with bilateral spasticity or athetosis, and with ataxia; isolated gray matter damage is the least common finding. About 10% of cerebral palsy

2008 Journal of child neurology

178. Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention of Cerebral Palsy in Near-Term/Term Infants (PubMed)

limitation, that are attributed to non-progressive disturbances that occurred in the developing fetal or infant brain." In a majority of cases, the predominant motor abnormality is spasticity; other forms of cerebral palsy include dyskinetic (dystonia or choreo-athetosis) and ataxic cerebral palsy. In preterm infants, about one-half of the cases have neuroimaging abnormalities, such as echolucency in the periventricular white matter or ventricular enlargement on cranial ultrasound. Among children born

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2008 Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology

179. abnormal involuntary movements

abnormal involuntary movements abnormal involuntary movements - General Practice Notebook This site is intended for healthcare professionals General Practice Notebook | Medical search abnormal involuntary movements The spectrum of abnormal involuntary movements includes: ballismus and hemiballismus tremor chorea tics myoclonus dystonia tardive dyskinesia, including oro-facial dyskinesia akathisia athetosis Links: General Practice Notebook General Practice Notebook The information provided

2010 GP Notebook

180. involuntary movements

involuntary movements involuntary movements - General Practice Notebook This site is intended for healthcare professionals General Practice Notebook | Medical search involuntary movements The spectrum of abnormal involuntary movements includes: ballismus and hemiballismus tremor chorea tics myoclonus dystonia tardive dyskinesia, including oro-facial dyskinesia akathisia athetosis Links: General Practice Notebook General Practice Notebook The information provided herein should not be used

2010 GP Notebook

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