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Athetosis

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161. Treatment of involuntary movement disorders with tetrabenazine. Full Text available with Trip Pro

had Huntington's chorea, two athetosis, two dystonia musculorum deformans, one hemiballismus, and one spasmodic torticollis. Four of the eight improved patients have continued taking the drug for longer than six months. In a second study seven patients with Huntington's chorea were treated for two weeks each with tetrabenazine (50 mg t.d.s.) and with amantadine (100 mg t.d.s.) and the results assessed by the same method. The choreiform movements of six of these patients were strikingly improved (...) with tetrabenazine therapy, but amantadine had no effect. Tetrabenazine is an effective agent for the suppression of choreiform and ballistic involuntary movements. It is only slightly effective in the treatment of athetosis and spasmodic torticollis. Drowsiness, insomnia, and depression were the most conspicuous unwanted effects, and these may limit the clinical usefulness of the drug.

1972 Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry

162. Overview of Lysosomal Storage Disorders

-q15)* Onset: 6–9 mo Urine metabolites: Increased free sialic acid Clinical features: Growth failure, developmental disability, ataxia, hypotonia, hypotonia, spasticity, dyspraxia, dysarthria, seizures, gait problems, athetosis; increased frequency in Finland Treatment: Supportive care French type (269921) UDP- N -acetylglucosamine-2-epimerase/ N -acetylmannosamine kinase GNE (9p12-p11)* Onset: Infancy to early childhood Urine metabolites: Increased free sialic acid Clinical features: Coarse facies

2013 Merck Manual (19th Edition)

163. Cerebral Palsy (CP) Syndromes

often with spasticity and athetosis. Findings associated with cerebral palsy About 25% of patients, most often those with spasticity, have other manifestations. and other visual defects may occur. Children with athetosis due to kernicterus commonly have nerve deafness and upward gaze paralysis. Many children with spastic hemiplegia or paraplegia have normal intelligence; children with spastic quadriplegia or a mixed syndrome may have severe intellectual disability. Diagnosis Cranial MRI Sometimes (...) , jaundice, meningitis, neonatal seizures, hypertonia, hypotonia, or reflex suppression) should be followed closely. Differential diagnosis CP should be differentiated from progressive hereditary neurologic disorders and disorders requiring surgical or other specific neurologic treatments. Ataxic forms are particularly hard to distinguish, and in many children with persistent ataxia, a progressive cerebellar degenerative disorder is ultimately identified as the cause. Athetosis, self-mutilation

2013 Merck Manual (19th Edition)

164. Dystonias

-Minute Neurologic Exam SOCIAL MEDIA Add to Any Platform Loading Topic Resources Dystonias are sustained involuntary muscle contractions of antagonistic muscle groups in the same body part, leading to abnormal posturing or jerky, twisting, intermittent spasms that can resemble tremors, athetosis, or choreoathetosis. Dystonias can be primary or secondary and can be generalized, focal, or segmental. Diagnosis is clinical. Botulinum toxin injections are used to treat focal or segmental dystonias

2013 Merck Manual (19th Edition)

165. Overview of Movement and Cerebellar Disorders

: Regional Dissection 3D Model Basal ganglia Classification Movement disorders are commonly classified as those with Decreased or slow movement (hypokinetic disorders) Increased movement (hyperkinetic disorders) The classic and most common hypokinetic disorder is Hyperkinetic disorders refer to (including hemiballismus [rapid chorea] and athetosis [slow chorea]) However, this classification does not account for overlap between categories (eg, tremors that occur in Parkinson disease). Cerebellar disorders (...) are sometimes considered hyperkinetic disorders. Hyperkinetic disorders (see figure and see table ) can be Rhythmic Nonrhythmic Rhythmic disorders are primarily tremors—regular alternating or oscillatory movements, which can occur mainly at rest, while maintaining a position, and/or during attempted movement. However, in some cases, a tremor, though rhythmic, is irregular, as occurs when tremor is associated with dystonic disorders. Nonrhythmic hyperkinetic disorders can be Slow (eg, athetosis) Sustained

2013 Merck Manual (19th Edition)

166. Phase III Study of 5LGr to Treat Tic Disorder

for Study: 5 Years to 18 Years (Child, Adult) Sexes Eligible for Study: All Accepts Healthy Volunteers: No Criteria Inclusion Criteria: >1 year history of diagnosed tic disorder; age:5-18 yrs; YGTSS score>=30 at baseline. Exclusion Criteria: Diagnosed with hyperactivity disorder,epilepsy,chorea,autism,obsessive-compulsive disorder,mental retardation,athetosis,Wilson's disease. Any indefinite tic disorder or tic disorders caused by medication. Participation to other studies. Patients with loose stool

2011 Clinical Trials

167. Choreoathetosis after subarachnoid hemorrhage related to an aneurysm of the posterior fossa Full Text available with Trip Pro

Gerival G Jr Christo Paulo Pereira PP de Carvalho Gervásio Teles C GT eng Case Reports Journal Article Brazil Clinics (Sao Paulo) 101244734 1807-5932 IM Adolescent Athetosis etiology Chorea etiology Cranial Fossa, Posterior Humans Intracranial Aneurysm complications Male Subarachnoid Hemorrhage complications 2011 12 20 6 0 2011 12 20 6 0 2012 8 22 6 0 ppublish 22179176 S1807-59322011000900026 PMC3164421 J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2004 Nov;75(11):1568-74 15489389 No To Shinkei. 1991 Sep;43(9):875

2011 Clinics

168. Side Effects of Bone Marrow Derived CD133 Transplantation in Cerebral Palsy

Criteria: Children who have a diagnosis of "mixed" types of CP (i.e. athetosis) or other movement disorders (i.e. ataxia) Children who have had a selective dorsal rhizotomy, are presently are receiving intrathecal Baclofen, or have changed their spasticity medications in the past 6 months. Children who have a metallic or electrical implants Contacts and Locations Go to Information from the National Library of Medicine To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research

2011 Clinical Trials

169. Henry Head

value of sensory changes in diseases of the nervous system. ( Clin. J. , 1912, 40, 337, 358, 375, 396,408; 1913, 42, 23.) Nystagmoid movements of palate and lids, lateral and rotatory nystagmus, cerebellar incoordination. ( Proc. Roy. Soc. Med. , 1912–13, 6, Neurol. Sect., 53.) Athetosis of left hand with tremor of right hand. ( Proc. Roy. Soc. Med. , 1912–13, 6, Neurol. Sect., 81–84.) With J. Mclntosh, P. Fildes, and E. G. Fearnsides: Parasyphilis of the nervous system. ( Brain , 1914, 36, 1–30

2012 Wikipedia

170. Hyperkinesia Full Text available with Trip Pro

. These types of hyperkinetic movements can be further classified into two groups. The first group, hereditary ataxias, affect the cerebellum and spinal cord and are passed from one generation to the next through a defective gene. A common hereditary ataxia is . in contrast, sporadic ataxias occur spontaneously in individuals with no known family history of such movement disorders. Athetosis [ ] is defined as a slow, continuous, involuntary writhing movement that prevents the individual from maintaining (...) a stable posture. These are smooth, nonrhythmic movements that appear random and are not composed of any recognizable sub-movements. They mainly involve the distal extremities, but can also involve the face, neck, and trunk. Athetosis can occur in the resting state, as well as in conjunction with and . When combined with chorea, as in , the term "choreoathetosis" is frequently used. Chorea [ ] is a continuous, random-appearing sequence of one or more discrete involuntary movements or movement fragments

2012 Wikipedia

171. Cerebral palsy

that are due to restricted movement in the oral-facial muscles. There are three major types of dysarthria in cerebral palsy: spastic, dyskinetic (athetosis), and ataxic. Early use of systems may assist the child in developing spoken language skills. Overall is associated with problems of cognition, , and . Children with cerebral palsy are at risk of learned helplessness and becoming passive communicators, initiating little communication. Early intervention with this clientele, and their parents, often

2012 Wikipedia

172. Definition and classification of hyperkinetic movements in childhood. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Definition and classification of hyperkinetic movements in childhood. Hyperkinetic movements are unwanted or excess movements that are frequently seen in children with neurologic disorders. They are an important clinical finding with significant implications for diagnosis and treatment. However, the lack of agreement on standard terminology and definitions interferes with clinical treatment and research. We describe definitions of dystonia, chorea, athetosis, myoclonus, tremor, tics (...) , and stereotypies that arose from a consensus meeting in June 2008 of specialists from different clinical and basic science fields. Dystonia is a movement disorder in which involuntary sustained or intermittent muscle contractions cause twisting and repetitive movements, abnormal postures, or both. Chorea is an ongoing random-appearing sequence of one or more discrete involuntary movements or movement fragments. Athetosis is a slow, continuous, involuntary writhing movement that prevents maintenance of a stable

2010 Movement Disorders

173. Trial of Kuvan in Lesch-Nyhan Disease

results from mutation in the gene for the enzyme hypoxanthineguanine phosphoribosyltransferase (HPRT); patients have hyperuricemia, gout, urinary tract calculi, and nephropathy which are effectively treated with allopurinol. There is also a syndrome of dystonia, chorea and athetosis, as well as involuntary self mutilative biting and aggression toward their caretakers, for which there is no treatment. Kuvan™ is a form of tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4), and is approved to help lower the blood levels

2009 Clinical Trials

174. drugs causing movement disorders

drugs causing movement disorders drugs causing movement disorders - General Practice Notebook This site is intended for healthcare professionals General Practice Notebook | Medical search drugs causing movement disorders The following movement disorders may be caused by drugs: tremor parkinsoninism choreo-athetosis acute dystonia tardive dyskinesia ataxia Links: General Practice Notebook General Practice Notebook The information provided herein should not be used for diagnosis or treatment

2010 GP Notebook

175. involuntary movements

involuntary movements involuntary movements - General Practice Notebook This site is intended for healthcare professionals General Practice Notebook | Medical search involuntary movements The spectrum of abnormal involuntary movements includes: ballismus and hemiballismus tremor chorea tics myoclonus dystonia tardive dyskinesia, including oro-facial dyskinesia akathisia athetosis Links: General Practice Notebook General Practice Notebook The information provided herein should not be used

2010 GP Notebook

176. abnormal involuntary movements

abnormal involuntary movements abnormal involuntary movements - General Practice Notebook This site is intended for healthcare professionals General Practice Notebook | Medical search abnormal involuntary movements The spectrum of abnormal involuntary movements includes: ballismus and hemiballismus tremor chorea tics myoclonus dystonia tardive dyskinesia, including oro-facial dyskinesia akathisia athetosis Links: General Practice Notebook General Practice Notebook The information provided

2010 GP Notebook

177. drug-induced movement disorders

drug-induced movement disorders drug-induced movement disorders - General Practice Notebook This site is intended for healthcare professionals General Practice Notebook | Medical search drug-induced movement disorders The following movement disorders may be caused by drugs: tremor parkinsoninism choreo-athetosis acute dystonia tardive dyskinesia ataxia Links: General Practice Notebook General Practice Notebook The information provided herein should not be used for diagnosis or treatment of any

2010 GP Notebook

178. drug induced movement disorders

drug induced movement disorders drug induced movement disorders - General Practice Notebook This site is intended for healthcare professionals General Practice Notebook | Medical search drug induced movement disorders The following movement disorders may be caused by drugs: tremor parkinsoninism choreo-athetosis acute dystonia tardive dyskinesia ataxia Links: General Practice Notebook General Practice Notebook The information provided herein should not be used for diagnosis or treatment of any

2010 GP Notebook

179. Effectiveness of adaptive seating on sitting posture and postural control in children with cerebral palsy Full Text available with Trip Pro

co-interventions were excluded. Adaptive seating included saddle position, positional angle changes of the seat and/or backrest inclinations, seat inserts, external supports and modular seating systems. Participant ages ranged from 12 months to 20.8 years. Distribution of motor impairments included diplegia, triplegia and tetraplegia/quadriplegia. Most studies included participants with spasticity; other participants had dystonia or athetosis. Severity of motor impairment ranged from mild

2008 DARE.

180. Effects of surgical adductor releases for hip subluxation in cerebral palsy: an AACPDM evidence report

eligible for inclusion. The studies included children (mean age 3 to 15 years, where reported) with cerebral palsy, spastic quadriplegia, spastic paraplegia, spastic diplegia, spastic triplegia, paraplegia, hemiplegia, athetosis, athertosis/spastic, dystonic quadriplegia and mixed quadriplegia. Outcomes assessed in the review There were no specific inclusion criteria relating to the outcomes. The included studies used a range of outcome measures relating to the range of movement of the hip, number

2003 DARE.

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