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Assessment of Physical Function

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1. Effect of Tanezumab on Joint Pain, Physical Function, and Patient Global Assessment of Osteoarthritis Among Patients With Osteoarthritis of the Hip or Knee: A Randomized Clinical Trial. (PubMed)

Effect of Tanezumab on Joint Pain, Physical Function, and Patient Global Assessment of Osteoarthritis Among Patients With Osteoarthritis of the Hip or Knee: A Randomized Clinical Trial. Patients with osteoarthritis (OA) may remain symptomatic with traditional OA treatments.To assess 2 subcutaneous tanezumab dosing regimens for OA.A randomized, double-blind, multicenter trial from January 2016 to May 14, 2018 (last patient visit). Patients enrolled were 18 years or older with hip or knee OA (...) Physical Function (0-10, no to extreme difficulty), and patient global assessment of osteoarthritis (PGA-OA) (1-5, very good to very poor) scores.Among 698 patients randomized, 696 received 1 or more treatment doses (mean [SD] age, 60.8 [9.6] years; 65.1% women), and 582 (83.6%) completed the trial. From baseline to 16 weeks, mean WOMAC Pain scores decreased from 7.1 to 3.6 in the tanezumab, 2.5 mg, group; 7.3 to 3.6 in the tanezumab, 2.5/5 mg, group; and 7.3 to 4.4 in the placebo group (least squares

2019 JAMA Controlled trial quality: predicted high

2. The Dubousset Functional Test is a Novel Assessment of Physical Function and Balance. (PubMed)

The Dubousset Functional Test is a Novel Assessment of Physical Function and Balance. Currently, the functional status of patients undergoing spine surgery is assessed with quality-of-life questionnaires, and a more objective and quantifiable assessment method is lacking. Dr. Jean Dubousset conceptually proposed a four-component functional test, but to our knowledge, reference values derived from asymptomatic individuals have not yet been reported, and these are needed to assess the test's (...) in assessing patients with spinal deformities. The normal values we calculated should be compared in future studies with those of patients before and after undergoing spine surgery to determine whether this test has practical clinical utility. The DFT provides objective metrics to assess function and balance that are easy to obtain, and the test requires no special equipment.

2019 Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research

3. Physical assessment, spectroscopic and chemometric analysis of starch-based foils with selected functional additives. (PubMed)

Physical assessment, spectroscopic and chemometric analysis of starch-based foils with selected functional additives. The paper presents the results of studies related to the impact of functional additives in the form of polylactide (PLA), polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), and keratin hydrolysate (K) on the physical characteristics of biopolymer foils. TPS granulate was obtained using a TS-45 single-screw extruder with L/D = 16. Foil was produced with the use of an L/D = 36 extruder with film-blowing (...) section. The impact of the quantity and type of the functional additives on the processing efficiency and energy consumption of granulate extrusion, as well as the physical characteristics of the foil produced: thickness, basis weight, and colour were determined. By measuring the FTIR spectra it was determined the type and origin of the respective functional groups. It was observed that foils produced from granulates with the addition of 3% PVA were characterised by the lowest thickness and basis

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2019 PLoS ONE

4. Is there an accurate relationship between simple self-reported functional limitations and the assessment of physical capacity in early old age? (PubMed)

Is there an accurate relationship between simple self-reported functional limitations and the assessment of physical capacity in early old age? Observational study.To assess the relationship between individual self-reports and measurements of physical condition in early old age.The use of self-reported questions assessing physical limitations remains questionable in large epidemiological studies. We aimed to test whether there is an accurate relationship between objective measures of physical (...) for carrying a mass was better than that for gait speed tests.Such simple self-assessment questions on physical performance might be useful tools for evaluating functional limitations across a large early old age population in epidemiological research.

2019 PLoS ONE

5. Comparing assessments of physical functional independence in older adults with mobility limitations. (PubMed)

Comparing assessments of physical functional independence in older adults with mobility limitations. 1) To assess the agreement and correlation between self-reported functional independence and observations of family caregivers in a heterogeneous population of community-dwelling older adults with disabilities. 2) To determine how self- and caregiver-reports correlate with evaluator rated functional independence over time.Data were drawn from a larger, randomized controlled trial examining (...) of older care recipients and their family caregivers reported moderate to very strong correlations between the three functional independence measures across all time points (rS=0.45-0.91; P<0.01). Bland-Altman analyses revealed a small systematic bias between care recipient- and caregiver-assessments of functional independence, with participants reporting higher scores across all time points (mean difference=2.00-2.97).There is substantial consistency among the self-assessed, caregiver-assessed

2018 American journal of physical medicine & rehabilitation Controlled trial quality: uncertain

6. Psychometric Evaluation of a Novel Instrument Assessing the Impact of Migraine on Physical Functioning: The Migraine Physical Function Impact Diary. (PubMed)

Psychometric Evaluation of a Novel Instrument Assessing the Impact of Migraine on Physical Functioning: The Migraine Physical Function Impact Diary. The objective of this study was to evaluate the measurement properties of the Migraine Physical Function Impact Diary (MPFID), a novel patient-reported outcome (PRO) measure for assessing the impact of migraine on physical functioning.In a prospective, observational study, adults with episodic migraine (EM) or chronic migraine (CM) used an eDiary (...) to complete the MPFID (assessing daily impacts of migraine on physical function) and a headache diary (capturing migraine days, migraine pain intensity, and migraine interference) each day, and other PRO instruments related to migraine. Item-level evaluation, item response theory (IRT), and exploratory factor analysis (EFA) methods were applied to identify domains, select final MPFID items, and develop scoring procedures. Psychometric properties of the final 13-item MPFID were evaluated using confirmatory

2017 Headache

7. Discrimination properties of physical function assessments from randomized controlled trials for psoriatic arthritis

Discrimination properties of physical function assessments from randomized controlled trials for psoriatic arthritis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated (...) : Screening will be performed in two phases, namely initial screening based on title and abstract, followed by full-text screening of the eligible articles for final inclusion. In each phase, 2 observers will independently assess each article. Discrepancies will be resolved through discussion, or by consulting a third investigator. ">Procedure for study selection Example : Title-abstract screening: 1. Not an original full research paper (e.g. review, editorial) 2. Not an in vivo animal study 3

2019 PROSPERO

8. Assessing the exertion required to induce breathlessness in a population with advanced cancer: matching measures to the level of physical function. (PubMed)

Assessing the exertion required to induce breathlessness in a population with advanced cancer: matching measures to the level of physical function. The aim of the study was to assess four evidence-based assessments utilising exercise challenges that induce breathlessness, each with progressively less demanding levels of exertion, which can be tailored to people with a range of functional capabilities in the setting of advanced cancer for research studies. Functional cut off points (...) for these assessments have not previously been defined.A cross sectional study of four exercise tests attempted by all participants: 6 min walk test (6MWT); (derived) 2 min walk test (2MWT); arm exercises; and reading numbers aloud. Performance status (Australia-modified Karnofsky Performance Status (AKPS)), baseline breathlessness using the modified Medical Research Council (mMRC) breathlessness scale, and a visual analogue scale of intensity and unpleasantness of breathlessness were measured. Co-morbidity

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2019 BMC Palliative Care

9. Assessment of 3-dimensional wisdom in schizophrenia: Associations with neuropsychological functions and physical and mental health. (PubMed)

Assessment of 3-dimensional wisdom in schizophrenia: Associations with neuropsychological functions and physical and mental health. Recent decades have seen growing empirical research in wisdom as a complex, trait-based psychological characteristic. Wisdom has been shown to possess individual and societal benefits through associations with health and well-being, but it has not yet been evaluated in people with schizophrenia (PwS). In the current study, we administered a widely used, validated 3 (...) -dimensional wisdom scale that includes three interrelated dimensions: cognitive, reflective, and affective. We examined group differences in wisdom, as well as relationships between wisdom and sociodemographics, clinical symptoms, neurocognitive and functional performance, and mental and physical health in 65 stable adult outpatients with chronic schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder and 96 non-psychiatric comparison participants (NPCPs). Results showed that PwS had lower wisdom scores than NPCPs

2019 Schizophrenia Research

10. Frailty identified by geriatric assessment is associated with poor functioning, high symptom burden and increased risk of physical decline in older cancer patients: Prospective observational study. (PubMed)

Frailty identified by geriatric assessment is associated with poor functioning, high symptom burden and increased risk of physical decline in older cancer patients: Prospective observational study. Maintaining quality of life including physical functioning is highly prioritized among older cancer patients. Geriatric assessment is a recommended approach to identify patients with increased vulnerability to stressors (frailty). How frailty affects quality of life and physical functioning in older (...) cancer patients has scarcely been investigated.Focusing on physical functioning and global quality of life, we investigated whether frailty identified by a geriatric assessment was associated with higher risk of quality-of-life deterioration during cancer treatment and follow-up.Prospective, observational study. Patients were classified as frail or non-frail by a modified geriatric assessment. Quality of life was measured using the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Core

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2019 Palliative medicine

11. Correction to: Exploring the efficacy of an electronic symptom assessment and self-care intervention to preserve physical function in individuals receiving neurotoxic chemotherapy. (PubMed)

Correction to: Exploring the efficacy of an electronic symptom assessment and self-care intervention to preserve physical function in individuals receiving neurotoxic chemotherapy. ...

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2019 BMC Cancer

12. Assessing the impact of physical exercise on cognitive function in older medical patients during acute hospitalization: Secondary analysis of a randomized trial. (PubMed)

Assessing the impact of physical exercise on cognitive function in older medical patients during acute hospitalization: Secondary analysis of a randomized trial. Acute illness requiring hospitalization frequently is a sentinel event leading to long-term disability in older people. Prolonged bed rest increases the risk of developing cognitive impairment and dementia in acutely hospitalized older adults. Exercise protocols applied during acute hospitalization can prevent functional decline (...) (aged ≥75 years) were randomly allocated to an exercise intervention (n = 185) or a control (n = 185) group (usual care). The intervention consisted of a multicomponent exercise training program performed during 5-7 consecutive days (2 sessions/day). The usual care group received habitual hospital care, which included physical rehabilitation when needed. The main outcomes were change in executive function from baseline to discharge, assessed with the dual-task (i.e., verbal and arithmetic) Gait

2019 PLoS medicine Controlled trial quality: predicted high

13. The Life-Space Assessment Measure of Functional Mobility Has Utility in Community-Based Physical Therapist Practice in the United Kingdom. (PubMed)

The Life-Space Assessment Measure of Functional Mobility Has Utility in Community-Based Physical Therapist Practice in the United Kingdom. The Life-Space Assessment (LSA) has demonstrable validity and reliability among people sampled from nonclinical settings. Its properties in clinical settings, especially physical therapy services, are less well established.The aim of this study was to test the construct/convergent validity, responsiveness, and floor/ceiling effects of the LSA among patients (...) discharge). Data were collected from the LSA and the Performance-Oriented Mobility Assessment (POMA1) at initial assessment and discharge. Two hundred twenty-eight participants were retained at follow-up.The median age was 80.5 years, 73.6% were women, and the median number of physical therapist contacts over 53 days was 5. LSA scores at assessment and changes over treatment distinguished between cohorts, even after adjustment for covariates. Weak correlations (0.14-0.41) were found between LSA

2019 Physical therapy

14. The effect of systematic functional assessment and immediate rehabilitation on physical performance in acutely admitted older adults with reduced functional performance: a randomised clinical trial. (PubMed)

The effect of systematic functional assessment and immediate rehabilitation on physical performance in acutely admitted older adults with reduced functional performance: a randomised clinical trial. We hypothesised that a systematic functional assessment in a short stay unit at an emergency department (ED) and/or immediate rehabilitation after discharge will result in sustained or improved physical performance in comparison to a regimen in which neither of these interventions is offered.A two (...) ; however, the extent of mobilisation during hospitalisation was not disclosed. Of the patients, 48% were received the post-discharge rehabilitation they were assigned to.Systematic functional assessment and immediate rehabilitation led to no significant differences in physical performance. The study was weakened by the incomplete implementation of mobilisation during hospitalisation and low adherence to protocol on immediate rehabilitation. Implications for rehabilitation A systematic functional

2018 Disability and rehabilitation Controlled trial quality: uncertain

15. Identifying and Assessing Core Components of Collaborative-care Models for Treating Mental and Physical Health Conditions

Identifying and Assessing Core Components of Collaborative-care Models for Treating Mental and Physical Health Conditions McMaster Health Forum McMaster Health Forum 1 Evidence >> Insight >> Action Knowledge Synthesis: Identifying and Assessing Core Components of Collaborative-care Models for Treating Mental and Physical Health Conditions 31 March 2017 Identifying and Assessing Core Components of Collaborative-Care Models for Treating Mental and Physical Health Conditions 2 Evidence >> Insight (...) and suggestions on previous drafts of this synthesis. Citation Bullock HL, Waddell K, & Wilson MG. Rapid synthesis: Identifying and assessing core components of collaborative-care models for treating mental and physical health conditions. Hamilton, Canada: McMaster Health Forum, 31 March 2017. Product registration numbers ISSN 2291-5931 (online) McMaster Health Forum 3 Evidence >> Insight >> Action KEY MESSAGES Questions 1. What is known about the effectiveness of collaborative-care models for addressing

2017 McMaster Health Forum

16. School-based physical activity interventions and wellbeing in children: a systematic review and intervention complexity assessment

of the challenges of understanding complex interventions (Lewin et al. 2013). This method involves assessing each intervention across ten dimensions to disaggregate the component parts of the interventions, determining those that are structural and those that are functional, allowing for a more transparent comparison and interpretation of the review findings. Conclusions A number of previous systematic reviews exploring the relationship between school-based physical activity and wellbeing have been published (...) School-based physical activity interventions and wellbeing in children: a systematic review and intervention complexity assessment The Campbell Collaboration | www.campbellcollaboration.org School-based physical activity interventions and wellbeing in children: a systematic review and intervention complexity assessment Aideen Johnson, Paul Connolly, Mark A Tully Submitted to the Coordinating Group of: Crime and Justice Education Disability International Development Nutrition Social Welfare

2017 Campbell Collaboration

17. Objectively Assessed Physical Activity and its Association with Balance, Physical Function and Dyskinesia in Parkinson's Disease. (PubMed)

Objectively Assessed Physical Activity and its Association with Balance, Physical Function and Dyskinesia in Parkinson's Disease. The desirable effects of physical activity in individuals with Parkinson's disease are well-known, although according to results from previous studies factors associated with objectively assessed physical activity are not fully investigated.To investigate demographic, disease-related and mobility-related factors that associate with objectively measured physical (...) , represented by total activity counts, and time in brisk walking.Motor impairment, physical function, body mass index and dyskinesia contributed to the variance of total physical activity, explaining 34 % of the variance, while physical function and balance control were significant factors associated with brisk walking, explaining 22 %.This study identified factors that have not been shown to associate with objectively measured physical activity previously, such as dyskinesia, balance control and self

2017 Journal of Parkinson's disease Controlled trial quality: uncertain

18. Routine Assessment and Promotion of Physical Activity in Healthcare Settings: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association

Routine Assessment and Promotion of Physical Activity in Healthcare Settings: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association Routine Assessment and Promotion of Physical Activity in Healthcare Settings: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association | Circulation Search Hello Guest! Login to your account Email Password Keep me logged in Search March 2019 March 2019 March 2019 March 2019 March 2019 February 2019 February 2019 February 2019 February 2019 January 2019 (...) January 2019 January 2019 January 2019 January 2019 This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse this site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Free Access article Share on Jump to Free Access article Routine Assessment and Promotion of Physical Activity in Healthcare Settings: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association , MD, PhD, FAHA, Chair , PhD, FAHA, Vice Chair , MD , MPH , PT, PhD, FAHA , MD, PhD , PhD, MSc , PhD, FAHA , MD, MS, FAHA , MD, MPH, FAHA , and MD, MSEE, FAHA MD

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2018 American Heart Association

19. Assessing physical functioning on pain management programmes: the unique contribution of directly assessed physical performance measures and their relationship to self-reports (PubMed)

Assessing physical functioning on pain management programmes: the unique contribution of directly assessed physical performance measures and their relationship to self-reports Physical functioning is a recommended outcome domain for pain management programmes. It can be assessed by self-report and by direct assessment of performance. Although physical performance measures may provide unique and useful information about patient functioning over and above self-report measures, it is not entirely (...) clear which of the many possible performances to assess. This study investigated a battery of three directly assessed physical performance measures and their relationship to three currently used self-report measures of general health and functioning. The three performance measures were sensitive to treatment; patients performed significantly better on all three measures following completion of the pain management programme. The three performance measures were shown to represent a single underlying

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2016 British journal of pain

20. Physical function metric over measure: An illustration with the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) and the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy (FACT). (PubMed)

Physical function metric over measure: An illustration with the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) and the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy (FACT). Measuring patient-reported outcomes (PROs) is becoming an integral component of quality improvement initiatives, clinical care, and research studies in cancer, including comparative effectiveness research. However, the number of PROs limits comparability across studies. Herein, the authors attempted to link (...) the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-General Physical Well-Being (FACT-G PWB) subscale with the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) Physical Function (PF) calibrated item bank. The also sought to augment a subset of the conceptually most similar FACT-G PWB items with PROMIS PF items to improve the linking.Baseline data from 5506 participants in the Measuring Your Health (MY-Health) study were used to identify the optimal items for linking FACT-G PWB with PROMIS PF

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2017 Cancer

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