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Appearance, Behavior and Attitude Exam


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101. The effect of smoke-free psychiatric hospitals on smoking behaviour: more evidence needed Full Text available with Trip Pro

studies that look at the impact that smoke-free hospitals have on psychiatric inpatients who smoke. Methods and results Stockings and colleagues searched for studies examining changes in patients’ smoking-related behaviours, motivation and beliefs either during or following an admission to an adult inpatient psychiatric facility. Study characteristics Fourteen studies matched these inclusion criteria, two of which were conducted in the UK. The majority of the studies used a cross-sectional design (...) studies to examine these questions with well-powered (i.e. large sample sizes), high-quality (i.e., experimental) research designs. The evidence presented in this systematic review suggests that complete bans are the most effective at encouraging smoking cessation and that the provision of nicotine dependence treatment, such as NRT or brief advice, is also crucial. Although a handful of the studies assessed smoking behaviour after discharge, none of the facilities viewed this as an important outcome

2015 The Mental Elf

102. Computers in the examination room and the electronic health record: physicians' perceived impact on clinical encounters before and after full installation and implementation. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Computers in the examination room and the electronic health record: physicians' perceived impact on clinical encounters before and after full installation and implementation. We compared physicians' self-reported attitudes and behaviours regarding electronic health record (EHR) use before and after installation of computers in patient examination rooms and transition to full implementation of an EHR in a family medicine training practice to identify anticipated and observed effects (...) reported a greater teaching role with patients and sharing online medical information and treatment plan decisions.Before computer installation and full EHR implementation, physicians expressed concerns about the impact of computer use on patient care. After installation and implementation, however, many concerns were mitigated. Using computers in the examination rooms to document and access patients' records along with online medical information and decision-making tools appears to contribute

2012 Family Practice

103. Predictors of orthorexic behaviours in patients with eating disorders: a preliminary study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

recruited. Patients' assessment included the following: the ORTO-15 test (Polish version) for orthorexic behaviours; the Eating Attitude Test-26 (EAT-26) to identify ED symptoms; the Multidimensional Body-Self Relations Questionnaire (Polish version) to assess body image.A latent class analysis was performed and differences between identified classes were assessed. The main differences concerned weight, ED pathology and orthorexic behaviours within the same group of ED patients. In order to examine (...) predictors of orthorexia nervosa, we investigated a structural equation model, which excellently fitted to the data (χ(2)(17) = 23.05; p = .148; CFI = .962; RMSEA = .08; p = .25; SRMR = .05). In ED patients, orthorexic behaviour was negatively predicted by eating pathology, weight concern, health orientation and appearance orientation.The assessment of the orthorexia construct in EDs may add to the paucity of studies about this issue and may help to clarify the relationship between the two. Differences

2015 BMC Psychiatry

104. Mental Status Exam

Patient must be able to understand questions and communicate answers VI. Protocol Interview patient alone, and then again with family Full Mental State Exam evaluates 11 criteria VII. Exam: General Approach (components) ( , ) ( , , , , ) ( , , ) VIII. Exam: General appearance, behavior and attitude See Appearance Clothing and grooming Old or young appearing Healthy or sickly appearing Angry, puzzled, frightened, anxious, contemptuous, apathetic, paranoid Effeminate or masculine Scars or s Grooming (...) or hygiene Behavior Mannerisms, gestures, twitches, picking Hand wringing or other Combative, hostile, guarded or irritable Rapid or pressured speech Candid, congenial or cooperative Psychomotor retardation, to , withdrawn or shy Clumsy Eye contact (fleeting, good, sporadic or none) Attitude toward examiner Cooperative or hostile Defensive, seductive, evasive, ingratiating Interpretation Psychotic: Disheveled, odd, grimacing Schizophrenic: Stare or blank look Paranoid: Agitated or hostile Depressed

2015 FP Notebook

105. Self?control interventions for children under age 10 for improving self?control and delinquency and problem behaviors Full Text available with Trip Pro

is consistent with Gottfredson and Hirschi, is such that self‐control appears malleable during the first 10/12 years of life, but after this point, while self‐control tends to improve with age as socialization continues to occur, it is largely unresponsive to any external intervention effort. Thus, although absolute levels of self‐control may change within persons (increasing rather than decreasing), relative rankings between persons will remain constant over the life course. As they (1990, pp.107–108) note (...) differences in self‐control are established early in life (before differences in criminal behavior, however the state defines it, are possible) and are reasonably stable thereafter.” The existing research on the stability of self‐control tends to suggest that it is not absolutely stable within persons (once established by ages 10/12) and that it tends to change (increase) with age ( ; ; ; ; ), but remains relatively impervious to alterations by the criminal justice system after adolescence

2010 Campbell Collaboration

106. The Effects of a Lifetime Physical Fitness (LPF) Course on College Students’ Health Behaviors Full Text available with Trip Pro

The Effects of a Lifetime Physical Fitness (LPF) Course on College Students’ Health Behaviors The purpose of this study was to examine motivational constructs and the effect of physical activity engagement on health behaviors in college students who were required to take a 15-week lifetime physical fitness (LPF) course for graduation. A total of fifty-eight first and second year college students aged between 17 and 23 years (M=18.72; SD=1.09). Paper and pencil questionnaires were anonymously (...) administered at the beginning and at the end of the 15-week long spring 2012 semester. Analysis of the differences between the beginning and the end of the semester was completed. Physical activity behaviors and Behavioral Regulations variables did not change across time (p > .05). Appearance (d = -0.34, p = .013) and fitness (d = -0.37, p = .006) reasons for participating in physical activity and all Theory of Planned Behavior variables decreased over time (d = -0.32 to - 0.41, p < .05). Changes

2016 International journal of exercise science

107. Obesity discrimination: the role of physical appearance, personal ideology, and anti-fat prejudice. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Obesity discrimination: the role of physical appearance, personal ideology, and anti-fat prejudice. Self-report measures of anti-fat prejudice are regularly used by the field, however, there is no research showing a relationship between explicit measures of anti-fat prejudice and the behavioral manifestation of them; obesity discrimination. The present study examined whether a recently developed measure of anti-fat prejudice, the universal measure of bias (UMB), along with other correlates (...) of prejudicial attitudes and beliefs (that is, authoritarianism, social dominance orientation; SDO, physical appearance investment) predict obesity discrimination.Under the guise of a personnel selection task, participants (n=102) gave assessments of obese and non-obese females applying for a managerial position across a number of selection criteria (for example, starting salary, likelihood of selecting). Participants viewed resumes that had attached either a photo of a pre-bariatric surgery obese female

2012 International Journal of Obesity

108. Effects of parental imprisonment on child antisocial behaviour and mental health: a systematic review Full Text available with Trip Pro

). This review examines the possible effects of parental imprisonment on child antisocial behaviour and mental health. 1.1 THE PREVALENCE OF PARENTAL IMPRISONMENT In many countries, there is little information about how many children have parents in prison. National inmate surveys in the United States show that the number of children under age 18 with an imprisoned parent increased from 945,600 in 1990 to 1,706,600 in 2007, reaching 2.3% of the nation's children ( ). Although the number of mothers in prison (...) and prior reviews suggested that they have been studied quite frequently as outcomes for children of prisoners. Antisocial behaviour refers to a wide variety of behaviours that violate societal norms or laws ( ). We examine antisocial behaviour (also called externalising behaviour) that does not necessarily involve criminal activities, for example persistent lying and deceit, as well as criminal behaviour as measured by self‐reports, arrests, convictions or imprisonment of the child. We restrict our

2009 Campbell Collaboration

109. Cost-effectiveness of pharmacy and group behavioural support smoking cessation services in Glasgow Full Text available with Trip Pro

, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. CRD summary This study examined the cost-effectiveness of pharmacy (Starting Fresh) versus group (Smoking Concerns) behavioural support services for smoking cessation in smokers aged 16 years or older. The authors concluded that both programmes were very cost-effective from the perspective of the UK National Health Service. The study appears to have been well conducted (...) and the multiple definitions of quit rate enhance the validity of the findings. The authors’ conclusions are likely to be valid. Type of economic evaluation Cost-effectiveness analysis, cost-utility analysis Study objective This study examined the cost-effectiveness of pharmacy-based and group-based behavioural support services for smoking cessation for smokers aged 16 years or older. Interventions The pharmacy-based service to support smoking cessation (Starting Fresh) offered one-to-one support on a weekly

2009 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

110. Dutch Young Adults Ratings of Behavior Change Techniques Applied in Mobile Phone Apps to Promote Physical Activity: A Cross-Sectional Survey Full Text available with Trip Pro

Dutch Young Adults Ratings of Behavior Change Techniques Applied in Mobile Phone Apps to Promote Physical Activity: A Cross-Sectional Survey Interventions delivered through new device technology, including mobile phone apps, appear to be an effective method to reach young adults. Previous research indicates that self-efficacy and social support for physical activity and self-regulation behavior change techniques (BCT), such as goal setting, feedback, and self-monitoring, are important (...) for promoting physical activity; however, little is known about evaluations by the target population of BCTs applied to physical activity apps and whether these preferences are associated with individual personality characteristics.This study aimed to explore young adults' opinions regarding BCTs (including self-regulation techniques) applied in mobile phone physical activity apps, and to examine associations between personality characteristics and ratings of BCTs applied in physical activity apps.We

2015 JMIR mHealth and uHealth

111. Children s Growth and Behavior Study

: - To understand how genes and environment influence eating behavior and health over time. Eligibility: - Children ages 8 17 in good general health. Design: Screening visit 1: Medical history, physical exam, body measurements, and questions. 14 days: Participants will wear a wrist monitor and answer smartphone prompts about eating and mood. They may give a stool sample. Screening visit 2: Body measurements. Saliva, urine, and blood samples. Heart tests. Meals provided (after fasting overnight). Questionnaires (...) and interview. Behavior, thinking, and exercise tests. X-ray of left wrist and full body. Some parents may have medical history, physical exam, and questions at screening visits. They may answer questions at the yearly visits. Participants will have up to 6 yearly visits. They will give a urine sample and body measurements, and repeat the X-rays. They will have questions and behavior and thinking tasks. They may give stool samples. Visits will range from 3 to 8 hours. Participants may choose

2015 Clinical Trials

112. A Q-methodology study of flare help-seeking behaviours and different experiences of daily life in rheumatoid arthritis. Full Text available with Trip Pro

A Q-methodology study of flare help-seeking behaviours and different experiences of daily life in rheumatoid arthritis. Previous studies have not addressed rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients' help-seeking behaviours for RA flares, and only one small qualitative study has addressed how patients experience daily life on current treatment regimes. Thus, this study aims to identify clusters of opinion related to RA patients' experiences of daily life on current treatments, and their help-seeking (...) behaviours for RA flares.Using Q-methodology (a methodology using qualitative and quantitative methods to sort people according to subjective experience), two separate studies were conducted with the same sample of RA patients (mean age 55, 73% female). Thirty participants sorted 39 statements about daily life (Q-study 1) and 29 participants separately sorted 23 statements about flare help-seeking (Q-study 2). Data were examined using Q-factor analysis.Daily life with RA (Q-study 1): Three factors

2014 BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders

113. Weight misperception and its association with dieting methods and eating behaviors in South Korean adolescents Full Text available with Trip Pro

school. DEB was measured with the Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26) and those who scored ≥ 20 on the EAT-26 were considered to have eating disorder. Logistic regressions were conducted to examine the association between weight misperception based on self-reported weight status and dieting method and eating behaviors.The proportion of weight underestimation was 23.5% and that of overestimation was 24.0%. Weight overestimating girls were more likely to engage in various unhealthy dieting practices (...) (OR = 1.69 for fasting; OR = 1.88 for laxative or diuretic use; OR = 2.05 for self-induced vomiting after meals; P < 0.05). Moreover, there was a strong association between overestimation and undesirable eating behaviors, especially among girls, e.g.: having breakfast (OR = 0.85), high consumption of fast foods (OR = 1.28) and regular sodas (OR = 1.39), but not among boys. In both genders, weight overestimation appears to be a major risk factor for DEB (OR = 1.34 for boys and OR = 1.41 for girls; P

2014 Nutrition research and practice

114. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia Outcomes in Women After Primary Breast Cancer Treatment: A Randomized, Controlled Trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia Outcomes in Women After Primary Breast Cancer Treatment: A Randomized, Controlled Trial. To examine the effect of cognitive-behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBTI) on sleep improvement, daytime symptoms, and quality of life (QOL) in breast cancer survivors (BCSs) after cancer treatment.A prospective, longitudinal, randomized, controlled trial.Oncology clinics, breast cancer support groups, and communities in Colorado.56 middle-aged BCSs with chronic (...) attitudes or knowledge.Sleep efficiency and latency improved more in the CBTI group than the BPT group; this difference was maintained during follow-up. Women in the CBTI group had less subjective insomnia, greater improvements in physical and cognitive functioning, positive sleep attitudes, and increased sleep hygiene knowledge. No group differences in improvement were noted relative to QOL, fatigue, or mood.Nurse-delivered CBTI appears to be beneficial for BCSs' sleep latency/efficiency, insomnia

2014 Oncology nursing forum Controlled trial quality: predicted high

115. Medical Examination of the Rape Victim

of the attack (eg, which orifices were penetrated, whether ejaculation occurred or a condom was used) Assailant’s use of aggression, threats, weapons, and violent behavior Description of the assailant Many rape forms include most or all of these questions (see Table: ). The patient should be told why questions are being asked (eg, information about contraceptive use helps determine risk of pregnancy after rape; information about previous coitus helps determine validity of sperm testing). The examination (...) team can provide referrals for medical, psychologic, and legal support services. Most physical injuries are minor and are treated conservatively. Vaginal lacerations may require surgical repair. Psychologic support Sometimes examiners can use commonsense measures (eg, reassurance, general support, nonjudgmental attitude) to relieve strong emotions of guilt or anxiety. Possible psychologic and social effects are explained, and the patient is introduced to a specialist trained in rape crisis

2013 Merck Manual (19th Edition)

116. Assessment and Care of Adults at Risk for Suicidal Ideation and Behaviour

randomization. III Evidence obtained from well-designed non-experimental descriptive studies, such as comparative studies, correlation studies and case studies. IV Evidence obtained from expert committee reports or opinions and/or clinical experiences of respected authorities. Evidence to support nursing care for patients at risk for suicidal ideation and behaviour is organized with respect to the type of evidence rather than the level of evidence. The randomized control trial traditionally is considered (...) and tragic as it is profound and far-reaching. It is clear from qualitative investigations and clinical expertise that suicide can be prevented and the risk of suicide reduced. Assessment and Care of Adults at Risk for Suicidal Ideation and Behaviour 1819 Nursing Best Practice Guideline Guiding Principles/Assumptions in the Assessment and Care for Adults at Risk for Suicidal Ideation and Behaviour ¦ “Stigma of mental illness can be defined as the negative attitude based on prejudice and misinformation

2009 Registered Nurses' Association of Ontario

117. Study to Compare the Efficacy of Cognitive-behavioral Couple Therapy and Lidocaine for Provoked Vestibulodynia

%. Despite its negative impact on psychosexual and relationship satisfaction, there is little research examining empirically-tested treatments for afflicted couples. The proposed research builds on findings from our work focusing on the impact of relational factors on vulvodynia, and our previous research evaluating the efficacy of group cognitive-behavioral therapy for this problem. This two-centre randomized clinical trial aims to assess the efficacy of a novel, 12-week targeted couple therapy (CBCT (...) ' sexuality (sexual function and satisfaction), psychological adjustment (anxiety, depression, catastrophizing, self-efficacy, attributions, and quality of life), relationship factors (partner responses, couple satisfaction, attachment, and communication styles), and self-reported improvement and treatment satisfaction. Results of this study will improve the health and quality of life of patients with vulvodynia by rigorously testing the efficacy of a novel couples treatment. Condition or disease

2013 Clinical Trials

118. Cognitive Change across Cognitive-Behavioral and Light Therapy Treatments for Seasonal Affective Disorder: What Accounts for Clinical Status the Next Winter? Full Text available with Trip Pro

-behavioral therapy, a greater degree of improvement in dysfunctional attitudes and automatic thoughts was uniquely associated with less severe depressive symptoms the next winter. Change in maladaptive thoughts during acute treatment appears mechanistic of solo cognitive-behavioral therapy's enduring effects the next winter, but is simply a consequence of diminished depression in light therapy and combination treatment. (...) Cognitive Change across Cognitive-Behavioral and Light Therapy Treatments for Seasonal Affective Disorder: What Accounts for Clinical Status the Next Winter? Efficacious treatments for seasonal affective disorder include light therapy and a seasonal affective disorder-tailored form of cognitive-behavioral therapy. Using data from a parent clinical trial, these secondary analyses examined the relationship between cognitive change over treatment with cognitive-behavioral therapy, light therapy

2013 Cognitive therapy and research Controlled trial quality: uncertain

119. Cognitive-Behavioral Treatment and Interpretation Modification Training for Adults With Generalized Anxiety Disorder

, and interpretation style will be administered at pre-, mid-, and post-treatment, as well as at 6- and 12-month follow-ups. The proposed study will provide information about the efficacy, clinical usefulness, and mechanisms of interpretation modification training in combination with CBT. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Generalized Anxiety Disorder Behavioral: Cognitive-behavioral therapy Other: Interpretation training Not Applicable Detailed Description: Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD (...) that a particular type of cognitive bias plays a key role in determining treatment response. Specifically, patients with a particularly negative interpretation style (i.e., the tendency to negatively interpret ambiguous information) have a greater probability of not attaining remission following CBT (they also show less improvement on other indicators of treatment outcome). In addition, change in interpretation style appears to mediate change in GAD symptoms over the course of CBT. Thus, the data suggest

2012 Clinical Trials

120. Worry as a Predictor of Nutrition Behaviors: Results From a Nationally Representative Survey. (Abstract)

Worry as a Predictor of Nutrition Behaviors: Results From a Nationally Representative Survey. Worry has been shown to predict a variety of health behaviors, such as cancer screening, yet there are few studies linking worry and nutrition. This study used nationally representative data from National Cancer Institute's Food Attitudes and Behavior Survey (n = 3,397) to examine the association between health-related worry and a variety of nutrition behaviors. Greater worry was associated with higher (...) fruit and vegetable consumption (B = 0.19, p < .01), but also more meals eaten when watching television (B = 0.34, p < .01) and fewer with family (B = -0.13, p = .02). Importantly, and counterintuitively, greater worry appeared to reverse the conventional relationship between self-efficacy and dietary restriction; those who were self-efficacious and worried were less likely to restrict unhealthy foods. Similarly, worry attenuated the relationship between perceived benefits and special effort to buy

2012 Health Education & Behavior

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