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81. PROTOCOL: Cognitive and behavioral radicalization: A systematic review of the putative risk and protective factors Full Text available with Trip Pro

underscore the ever‐important distinction that needs to be made between the cognitive and behavioral dimensions and outcomes of radicalization (Bartlett, Birdwell, & King, ; Borum, , ; Hafez & Mullins, ; Khalil, ; P. R. Neumann, ; Vidino & Brandon, ). However, they do not indicate what types of ideas, attitudes, or opinions constitute radicalization. A variety of proxies have been used in the literature for radicalization, or extremism, including support for extreme right‐wing parties (Perry, Wikström (...) that seeks to explore the attitudinal or cognitive antecedents of a given behavior, it is important that they have a high level of specificity with reference to the behavioral outcome of interest (Ajzen & Fishbein, ; Fishbein & Ajzen, ). This approach underpins McCauley and Moskalenko's "radical opinions" outcomes, in which radical opinions, or what we refer to as attitudes, constitute the support for, justification of, or a belief that there is a personal obligation toward the carrying out of radical

2020 Campbell Systematic Reviews

82. Behaviour change techniques for telephone-delivered and supported health coaching interventions

is described as follows: Where the ‘comparator’ refers to the concept of comparing the current state (e.g. current weight) to the target (desired weight). Therefore, control theory involves setting goals, acting to achieve the goal and monitoring progress: i.e. noting current standing with regards to the goal, and the effect of one’s action on the environment Theory of Planned Behaviour The Theory of Planned Behaviour 3 holds that behaviour is driven by intention. Intention is determined by attitudes (how (...) , and action planning. ? More studies are needed to assess the effect of providing behaviour substitution, implementing a behavioural contract and providing information from a credible source, as these were the most successful BCTs in the few studies that used them. 4 CHANGING BEHAVIOUR BY TELEPHONE: WHAT WORKS | SAX INSTITUTE Question 2: What BCTs have been shown to be effective in interventions designed to support parents delivered via telephone? ? Ten studies were identified that examined

2015 Sax Institute Evidence Check

83. A Systematic Review of Parental Involvement in Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Adolescent Anxiety Disorders Full Text available with Trip Pro

impaired long-term outcomes, including compromised coping skills, work adjustment, life satisfaction, and interpersonal relationships (Essau et al. ). Psychological intervention, specifically Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT), is recommended as a first line intervention for anxiety disorders in children and young people, in preference to pharmacological treatment (World Health Organization, ; National Institute for Health and Care Excellence; NICE; ), with average remission rates of 59% post-CBT (...) , hypothetical reasoning (Piaget and Inhelder ), self-awareness and self-reflection (Blakemore and Choudhury ), and because patterns of parent–child interactions in the context of anxiety appear to differ between children and adolescents (Waite and Creswell ). Parental factors associated with adolescent anxiety disorders specifically include perceived parental control, parental modelling/reinforcement of anxious behaviours (Waite et al. ), and low parental warmth (Waite and Creswell, ). However

2020 Clinical child and family psychology review

84. Implementation outcomes of cognitive behavioural therapy delivered by non-specialists for common mental disorders and substance-use disorders in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review Full Text available with Trip Pro

of psychotherapy for Congolese survivors of sexual violence.[Erratum appears in N Engl J Med. 2014 Jun 26;370(26):2547]. N Engl J Med. 2013;368:2182–91. 6. Beck A, Nadkarni A, Calam R, Naeem F, Husain N. Increasing access to cognitive behaviour therapy in low and middle income countries: a strategic framework. Asian J Psychiatry. 2016;22:190–5. 7. Bolton P, Lee C, Haroz EE, Murray L, Dorsey S, Robinson C, Ugueto AM, Bass J. A transdiagnostic community-based mental health treatment for comorbid disorders (...) Implementation outcomes of cognitive behavioural therapy delivered by non-specialists for common mental disorders and substance-use disorders in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review Implementation outcomes of cognitive behavioural therapy delivered by non-specialists for common mental disorders and substance-use disorders in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review | International Journal of Mental Health Systems | Full Text Search Search all BMC articles Search

2020 International journal of mental health systems

85. Morbid exercise behaviour and eating disorders: A meta-analysis Full Text available with Trip Pro

Moderate 0.30 78 Both Non-Clinical 27.12 16.49 EDE-Q Continuous CET Published Strong 0.64 78 Both Non-Clinical 27.38 16.52 EDE-Q Continuous CET Published Moderate 0.41 1,093 Both Non-Clinical 41.20 23.30 SCOFF Categorical EAI Published Strong 0.15 Note : BMI = Body mass index; ED = Eating disorders; MEB = Morbid exercise behaviour; ES = effect size, EDI = Eating Disorders Inventory; EAT-40 = Eating Attitudes Test-40; EAT-26; Eating Attitudes Test-26; EDE-Q = Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire (...) 21.70 EDI-2 Continuous CES Published Strong 0.18 100 Both Clinical 26.10 19.30 EDI-2 Continuous CES Published Strong 0.04 100 Both Non-Clinical 23.30 21.80 EDI-2 Continuous CES Published Strong 0.13 Note : BMI = Body mass index; ED = Eating disorders; MEB = Morbid exercise behaviour; ES = Effect size, EDI = Eating Disorders Inventory; EAT-40 = Eating Attitudes Test-40; EAT-26; Eating Attitudes Test-26; EDE-Q = Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire; BULIT = Bulimic Investigatory Test; EDS-R

2020 Journal of behavioral addictions

86. The effectiveness of smoking cessation, alcohol reduction, diet and physical activity interventions in changing behaviours during pregnancy: A systematic review of systematic reviews Full Text available with Trip Pro

as “naturally occurring events thought to motivate individuals to spontaneously adopt risk-reducing health behaviours" [ ]. Pregnancy is argued to be a prime teachable moment, with women undergoing a life transition whilst in frequent contact with healthcare professionals and service providers [ ]. For many women and their families, this may be their first encounter with healthcare services. In the UK, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guidance on behaviour change emphasises (...) the importance of intervening at key life stages or times, including pregnancy [ ]. An underlying assumption is that behaviours change due to women prioritising fetal health and also responding to social norms on the acceptability of certain behaviours in pregnancy. A major question is whether or not there are similarities or differences across health behaviours in women’s propensity for positive change, and whether there are shared lessons that can be learned for some behaviours that could be translated

2020 PloS one

87. The Relationship Between Green Space and Prosocial Behaviour Among Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review Full Text available with Trip Pro

activity, facilitating social cohesion; ). Under the frame of this theoretical model, we elaborated potential mechanisms linking urban green space to prosocial behaviour. In addition, we also adopted the concept of life course epidemiology which suggests that exposures to physical or social factors during the life course might have long term effects on later disease risk or health outcomes ( ; ). Based on this concept, we identified potential critical and sensitive periods for the influence of green (...) behaviour. conducted a cross-sectional study to examine the associations of prenatal exposure to outdoor air pollution on prosocial behaviour among China's pre-schoolers. Exposures to PM 10 (particulate matter < 10 μm in diameter) and PM 2.5 (particulate matter < 2.5 μm in diameter) during the full gestation period were reported to be associated with increased odds of abnormal range of prosocial behaviour after controlling for child-related factors, maternal factors, and socio-economic status. Meanwhile

2020 Frontiers in psychology

88. How Does Behavioural Activation Work? A Systematic Review of the Evidence on Potential Mediators Full Text available with Trip Pro

systematic review examines the mediators of behavioural activation for depression. Methods: A systematic literature search without time restrictions in Medline, EMBASE, PsycINFO, The Cochrane Library, and CINAHL resulted in 14 relevant controlled and uncontrolled prospective treatment studies that also performed formal mediation analyses to investigate their working mechanisms. After categorising the mediators investigated, we systematically compared the studies’ methodological quality and performed (...) motivation, i.e., the ability to see the future as rewarding, might be a relevant potential mechanism of BA. Dichter et al. [ ] used reward tasks to compare depressed people receiving BA to healthy controls. Unlike Treadway et al. [ ], they did not find any behavioural differences between the 2 groups on the tasks themselves, while brain imaging suggested that BA appeared to normalise circuits related to reward motivation. Arguably, future research could be directed at uncovering whether reward

2020 Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics

89. The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on self-harm and suicidal behaviour: a living systematic review Full Text available with Trip Pro

of the COVID-19 pandemic on self-harm and suicidal behaviour: a living systematic review [version 1; peer review: 1 approved, 1 approved with reservations] . F1000Research 2020, 9 :1097 ( ) First published: 04 Sep 2020, 9 :1097 ( ) Latest published: 04 Sep 2020, 9 :1097 ( ) Introduction The COVID-19 pandemic is causing widespread societal disruption and loss of life globally. By the end of June 2020 over 10 million people had been infected and over 500,000 had died ( ). There are concerns about the impact (...) , and where this failed, by referral to a third reviewer (KH, NK or PM). Irrespective of study design, data source and outcome measure examined, the following basic data were extracted: citation; study aims and objectives; country/setting; characteristics of participants; methods; outcome measures (related to self-harm / suicidal behaviour and COVID-19); key findings; strengths and limitations; reviewer’s notes. For articles where causal inferences are made - i.e. randomised or non-randomised studies

2020 F1000Research

90. Diagnostic evaluation of the infertile female: a committee opinion

Diagnostic evaluation of the infertile female: a committee opinion Diagnostic evaluation of the infertile female: a committee opinion Practice Committee of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine American Society for Reproductive Medicine, Birmingham, Alabama Diagnosticevaluationforinfertilityinwomenshouldbeconductedinasystematic,expeditious,andcost-effectivemannertoidentifyall (...) or amenorrhea Known or suspected uterine/tubal/ peritoneal disease or stage III–IV endometriosis Knownorsuspectedmalesubfertility Where applicable, evaluation of both partners should begin at the same time. Methods for the evaluation of the male partner are described in a separate document (5). Women who are planning to attempt pregnancy via inseminationwithspermfromaknown or anonymous donor may also merit evaluation before such treatment begins. HISTORYANDPHYSICAL EXAMINATION Ideally, the initial

2015 Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology

91. Committee Opinion: Endometrial Intraepithelial Neoplasia

Committee Opinion: Endometrial Intraepithelial Neoplasia Endometrial Intraepithelial Neoplasia ABSTRACT: Endometrial hyperplasia is of clinical significance because it is often a precursor lesion to adeno- carcinoma of the endometrium. Making the distinction between hyperplasia and true precancerous lesions or true neoplasia has significant clinical effect because their differing cancer risks must be matched with an appropriate intervention to avoid undertreatment or overtreatment. Pathologic (...) behavior). The accuracy of dilation and curettage compared with endometrial suction curette in diagnosing precancer and excluding concurrent carcinoma is unclear. Hysteroscopy with directed biopsy is more sensitive than dilation and curettage in the diagnosis of uterine lesions. When clinically appropriate, total hysterectomy for endometrial intraepithelial neoplasia provides definitive assessment of a possible concurrent carcinoma and effectively treats premalignant lesions. Systemic or local

2015 Society of Gynecologic Oncology

92. Management of suicidal behaviour ? evidence for models of care: a rapid review

), authors gave this evidence a ‘C–D’ rating based on low quality studies and expert opinion Study ID Design Setting Protocol/ intervention Findings Quality assessment Quality rating persistent; past attempts; family history; psychosocial factors including stressors, life events, coping styles, cognitive factors; as well as the ability to start treatment Protocol for hospitalisation or discharge following emergency assessment Patients should be considered for hospitalisation in the following conditions (...) and not downplayed Inpatient admission may be required in the presence of acute life stressor, or comorbid presence of an Axis I disorder Authors gave this evidence a ‘C–D’ rating based mostly on expert opinion NICE 2004 UK Evidence-based guideline N not reported General medical/ED Protocols for immediate management of suicidal thoughts or behaviours These protocols are reported in many other clinical management guidelines; however, the guideline provided additional assessment of evidence sources and reliability

2014 Sax Institute Evidence Check

93. What is the effectiveness of motivational interviewing in changing risk behaviours (e.g. sex, drug use, medication adherence) for people living with HIV?

rates. Two studies reported a significant decrease in viral loads and one study showed an increase in CD4 cell counts. The varying definition of adherence across studies was a challenge when comparing improvements. Nonetheless motivational interviewing still appeared to be a promising intervention to improve HAART adherence in HIV-positive individuals. Sexual Risk Behaviours It is estimated that 13% to 50% of HIV-positive individuals engage in risky sexual practices (23;28). HIV prevention (...) focuses on decreasing or eliminating this risk behaviour from the person’s life. Healthy Choices (5;14) Over a 12-week period, four hour-long sessions are conducted between the participant and a trained therapist, utilizing structured, personalized feedback to elicit behaviour change. During the first two sessions, the problem behaviour is discussed, the willingness to change is assessed and a behaviour change plan is completed. The goal of the third session is to review progress, reinforce positive

2014 Ontario HIV Treatment Network

94. Mindfulness?based interventions for improving cognition, academic achievement, behavior, and socioemotional functioning of primary and secondary school students Full Text available with Trip Pro

executive function, attention, planning) and emotional self‐regulation (behavior and mental health; Duncan & Magnuson, 2009) and studied under the umbrella of executive function, which may also include working memory, cognitive flexibility, and inhibitory control ( ). The ability to monitor and control one's thoughts, behaviors and emotions plays an important role across all life domains, including school related outcomes. Self‐regulation has been found to be related to, or a predictor for, a number (...) to attend to one's thoughts in the present moment and accept those thoughts without trying to change the thoughts or engage in action, promoting sustained attention and cognitive flexibility while also reducing emotional reactivity ( ). The emphasis on attending with acceptance and with a nonjudgmental attitude enables students to engage in more socially appropriate behavior and promote well‐being by viewing situations through a different perspective and engaging in a type of detachment, which allows

2017 Campbell Collaboration

95. The importance of behavioral data to identify online fake reviews for tourism businesses: a systematic review Full Text available with Trip Pro

reviews for tourism businesses: a systematic review . PeerJ Computer Science 5 : e219 Abstract In the last several decades, electronic word of mouth (eWOM) has been widely used by consumers on different digital platforms to gather feedback about products and services from previous customer behavior. However, this useful information is getting blurred by fake reviews—i.e., reviews that were created artificially and are thus not representative of real customer opinions. The present study aims (...) networking sites. We focused on the analysis of users’ ability to detect real or fake reviews. To this end, we critically examined the available literature on tourism fake reviews and behavioral approaches to analyze and identify them for tourism businesses. The systematic literature review focused on the following two main topics: (i) fake reviews; (ii) tourism. Following and , we used a randomized controlled process to select the main topics and consequent search terms “fake reviews” and “tourism

2019 PeerJ Computer Science

96. PROTOCOL: Body‐worn cameras’ effects on police officers and citizen behavior: a systematic review Full Text available with Trip Pro

empirical studies found or accepted for publication through June 2018, Lum et al. ( ) discovered approximately 70 published or publicly available studies of BWCs that contained over 110 sub‐studies examining various outcomes and aspects of BWCs. They grouped these studies into six topical categories: (a) the impact of BWCs on officer behavior; (b) officer attitudes about BWCs; (c) the impact of BWCs on citizen behavior; (d) citizen and community attitudes about BWCs; (e) the impact of BWCs on criminal (...) OBJECTIVES The primary objective of this review is to synthesize and explore the evidence on the impacts of BWCs on several outcomes of interest to police, policymakers, and the wider community. Specifically, given the existing research found by Lum et al. ( ), this review will focus on examining two categories of effects of BWCs: The impact of BWCs on officer behaviors, as measured by officer use of force, complaints, arrest and citation behavior, and proactive activities. We note that changes

2019 Campbell Systematic Reviews

97. PROTOCOL: Interventions designed to improve financial capability by improving financial behavior and financial access: A systematic review Full Text available with Trip Pro

& Freeman, ; Han et al., ; Theodos et al., ) and financial mindset (i.e., attitudes, motivation, and decision‐making; Skimmyhorn, ; Theodos et al., ). These outcomes all have the potential to impact a person's financial behaviors, which in turn impacts financial well‐being, or the ability of a household to “fully meet current and ongoing financial obligations, feel secure in their financial future, and make choices that allow them to enjoy life” (Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, ). 1.3 How (...) on interventions intended to improve at least one aspect of financial capability. Fernandes et al. ( ) examined the effects of financial literacy and financial education interventions on financial behaviors. Although the review methods were not clearly reported, and the inclusion criteria were not well defined, the authors appear to have included 168 studies (published and unpublished), with 90 of those being studies that manipulated financial literacy with some education intervention and the remaining being

2019 Campbell Systematic Reviews

98. Juvenile Curfew Effects on Criminal Behavior and Victimization: A Systematic Review Full Text available with Trip Pro

was implemented and one year after the curfew was implemented. In , these two studies are categorized as pre‐post designs. Finally, three studies ( ; ; ) used a regression‐based design. Gius (2011) used 1997 data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY) that included the state and county of residence for each youth. This allowed for an examination of the effect of living in an area with a curfew based on self‐reported criminal behavior of youth and, as such, reflects a cross‐sectional analysis (...) Juvenile Curfew Effects on Criminal Behavior and Victimization: A Systematic Review Juvenile Curfew Effects on Criminal Behavior and Victimization: A Systematic Review - Wilson - 2016 - Campbell Systematic Reviews - Wiley Online Library By continuing to browse this site, you agree to its use of cookies as described in our . Search within Search term Search term SYSTEMATIC REVIEW Open Access Juvenile Curfew Effects on Criminal Behavior and Victimization: A Systematic Review Corresponding Author

2016 Campbell Collaboration

99. Lifestyle Management to Reduce Cardiovascular Risk: Guideline on

a subcommittee to shepherd thistransition,communicatetherationaleandexpectations to the writing panels and partnering organizations, and expeditiouslypublishthedocuments.TheACC/AHAand partner organizations recruited a limited number of expert reviewers for ?duciary examination of content, recognizing that each document had undergone extensive peer review by representatives of the NHLBI Advisory Council, key JACC Vol. 63, No. 25, 2014 Eckel et al. July 1, 2014:2960–84 2013 AHA/ACC Lifestyle Management (...) at http://www.nhlbi. nih.gov/guidelines/cvd_adult/lifestyle/. Diet and physical activity interventions of interest to the Work Group that were not included in this report because of time and resource limitations were the following: cal- cium, magnesium, alcohol, cardiorespiratory ?tness, single behavioral intervention or multicomponent lifestyle in- terventions, the addition of lifestyle intervention to phar- macotherapy, and smoking. Outcomes of interest not covered in this evidence review were

2013 American College of Cardiology

100. 2013 AHA/ACC Guideline on Lifestyle Management to Reduce Cardiovascular Risk Full Text available with Trip Pro

, and references and is supported by the NHLBI Systematic Evidence Review, which can be found at . Diet and physical activity interventions of interest to the Work Group that were not included in this report because of time and resource limitations were the following: calcium, magnesium, alcohol, cardiorespiratory fitness, single behavioral intervention or multicomponent lifestyle interventions, the addition of lifestyle intervention to pharmacotherapy, and smoking. Outcomes of interest not covered (...) dietary components. Patterns were characterized by habitual or prescribed combinations of daily food intake. Dietary patterns offer the opportunity to characterize the overall composition and quality of the eating behaviors of a population (eg, Mediterranean-style dietary [MED] pattern). Eating patterns consist of various combinations of foods that may differ in macronutrient, vitamin, and mineral compositions. The macronutrients saturated, trans , monounsaturated, and polyunsaturated fatty acids

2013 American Heart Association

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