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61. Cognitive?Behavioural Interventions for Children Who Have Been Sexually Abused: A Systematic Review Full Text available with Trip Pro

are more likely to suffer from depression, generalised anxiety, suicidal or self‐injurious behaviour, or substance misuse. A significant percentage of children appear not to demonstrate any of these psychological sequelae immediately following their abuse. Some of these children may develop problems in their psychological or social functioning later (so‐called ‘sleeper effects‘). Some may never present any problems. Prolonged stress, particularly at critical times (such as infancy and adolescence), can (...) the impact of CBT on anxiety, we used the total score for the Revised Children's Manifest Anxiety Scale (RCMAS) rather than the scores for any of its subscales, which are designed to assess the impact of intervention on particular aspects such as physiological anxiety or concentration anxiety. When assessing the impact of CBT on children's behaviour, we used the ‘externalising’ subscale of the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL); when deciding between ‘state anxiety’ and ‘trait anxiety’, we used the former

2012 Campbell Collaboration

62. Yet another clickbait testimonial manipulates emotions to make cancer quackery appear effective

, and appears not to have been updated. No, no extravagant claims there. Nor here, in the case report: That J.A. has had comparatively stable disease for more than a 3-year period is a remarkable clinical find- ing and prompts this report. It is the opinion of the authors that the lack of progression of J.A.’s disease cannot be solely attributed to the single dose of che- motherapy he received. It has been reported that gemcitabine’s effect on response rate and survival is disappointing.3 No data exist (...) careful about calling Berkson a quack, although I too am dubious about the degree of LDN benefit. He’s had some unusual medical successes when he was younger, and like most researchers, perhaps his best insights conceived earlier than later. As for this pan-can claim, I think more granularity in evaluation is needed, like most alt med claims. To me, the easier part of alt med appears to be improvement of quality of life for a while, improved blood scores, and perhaps avoidance of catastrophic

2017 Respectful Insolence

63. Interventions with Parents in the Early Years for improved health outcomes: a focus on behaviour and cognitive development/school readiness

determinant of health across the life course; children who are already at a disadvantage in terms of school readiness at the first point of education entry may carry this through their education experience – which may be cut short. This lack of engagement can be passed between the generations in terms of attitude to education creating a cycle of exclusion with potential impacts on health. In addition, the UCL Institute of Health Equity (Bowers et al, 2012) notes that low levels of cognitive development (...) to their ability level. However, it is unlikely that conduct disorders 4 | P a g e and school readiness programmes are entirely mutually exclusive in terms of attempts to address positive health outcomes. Also it cannot be considered inevitable but rather a risk that children displaying early symptoms of these forms of disorders will develop significant health problems across the life course. Hiscock et al (2008) note that left untreated, up to half of behavioural problems in preschool children develop

2014 Institute of Public Health in Ireland

64. Evaluation and treatment of recurrent pregnancy loss: a committee opinion

for epidemiological studies while clini- cal evaluation may proceed following two?rst-trimester pregnancy losses. ETIOLOGYOFRECURRENT PREGNANCYLOSS Studies that focus on RPL have exam- ined factors related to genetics, age, antiphospholipid syndrome, uterine anomalies, thrombophilias, hormonal or metabolic disorders, infection, autoimmunity, sperm quality, and life- style issues (Table 1). Several recom- mendations have been published (5, 6) regarding the evaluation and man- agement of RPL. These publications do (...) Evaluation and treatment of recurrent pregnancy loss: a committee opinion Evaluationandtreatmentofrecurrent pregnancy loss: a committee opinion The Practice Committee of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine American Society for Reproductive Medicine, Birmingham, Alabama The majority of miscarriages are sporadic and most result from genetic causes that are greatly in?uenced by maternal age. Recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) is de?ned by two or more failed clinical pregnancies, and up

2012 Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology

65. Endometriosis and infertility: a committee opinion

Endometriosis and infertility: a committee opinion Endometriosis and infertility: a committee opinion The Practice Committee of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine American Society for Reproductive Medicine, Birmingham, Alabama Women with endometriosis typically present with pelvic pain, infertility, or an adnexal mass, and may require surgery. Treatment of endometriosis inthe setting of infertility raises a number of complex clinical questions that do (...) nothavesimpleanswers.Thisdocumentreplacesthe2006ASRMPracticeCommitteedocument ofthesamename.(Fertil Steril 2012;98:591–8.2012byAmericanSocietyforReproductive Medicine.) Earn online CME credit related to this document at www.asrm.org/elearn Discuss: You can discuss this article with its authors and with other ASRM members at http:// fertstertforum.com/goldsteinj-endometriosis-and-infertility-a-committee-opinion/ Use your smartphone to scan this QR code and connect to the discussion forum for this article now.* * Download a free QR code scanner by searching for “QR

2012 Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology

66. Multiple gestation associated with infertility therapy: an American Society for Reproductive Medicine Practice Committee opinion

Multiple gestation associated with infertility therapy: an American Society for Reproductive Medicine Practice Committee opinion Multiple gestation associated with infertility therapy: an American Society for Reproductive Medicine Practice Committee opinion Practice Committee of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine American Society for Reproductive Medicine, Birmingham, Alabama The purpose of this committee opinion, which replaces the 2006 ASRM Practice Committee document titled (...) intracyto- plasmic sperm injection (ICSI). Regardless of which treatment is per- formed, the objective is the same: to maximize the probability of pregnancy while minimizing the risk of a multiple gestation, whether two or more than two fetuses (i.e., a high-order multiple). The objectives of this committee opinion are: 1) to review the incidence, recenttrends,andmodesofconception associated with multiple gestations in the U.S.; 2) to consider the different factors relating to the increased risks

2012 Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology

67. Behavior Guidance for the Pediatric Dental Patient

, are used to alleviate anxiety, nurture a positive dental attitude, and perform quality oral health care safely and efficiently for infants, children, adolescents, and persons with special health care needs. Selection of techniques must be tailored to the needs of the individual patient and the skills of the practitioner. The AAPD offers these recommendations to educate health care providers, parents, and other interested parties about influences on the behavior of pediatric dental patients and the many (...) on Dental Accreditation. 7 In addition, a search of the PubMed ® electronic database was performed using the terms: behavior management in children, behavior management in dentistry, child behavior and dentistry, child and dental anxiety, child preschool and dental anxiety, child personality and test, child preschool per- sonality and test, patient cooperation, dentists and personality, dentist-patient relations, dentist-parent relations, attitudes of parents to behavior management in dentistry, patient

2015 American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry

68. Development of the Pain-Related Beliefs and Attitudes about Sleep (PBAS) Scale for the Assessment and Treatment of Insomnia Comorbid with Chronic Pain Full Text available with Trip Pro

and Attitudes about Sleep (DBAS) scale, and the Anxiety and Preoccupation about Sleep Questionnaire (APSQ). It was a significant predictor of insomnia severity and pain interference. A significant reduction in PBAS was also observed in patients after receiving a hybrid cognitive-behavioral intervention for both pain and insomnia.Pain-related sleep beliefs appear to be an integral part of chronic pain patients' insomnia experience. The PBAS is a valid and reliable instrument for evaluating the role (...) Development of the Pain-Related Beliefs and Attitudes about Sleep (PBAS) Scale for the Assessment and Treatment of Insomnia Comorbid with Chronic Pain Dysfunctional beliefs and attitudes about sleep is a cognitive-behavioral factor central to the development and perpetuation of insomnia. Previous works to unravel the complex interrelationship between pain and insomnia have not explored the role of inflexible beliefs about the sleep-pain interaction, possibly due to a lack of a valid instrument

2016 Journal of clinical sleep medicine : JCSM : official publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine

69. A Within-Group Analysis of African American Mothers’ Authoritarian Attitudes, Limit-Setting and Children's Self-Regulation Full Text available with Trip Pro

study of 50 African American mothers and their 3-year-old children examined associations between maternal authoritarian attitudes, observed maternal limit-setting strategies, and children's self-regulation during a limit-setting interaction. The findings indicate that while AA families may hold more authoritarian attitudes than EA families, the direction of effect of authoritarian attitudes on children's outcomes appears to be the same in both ethnic groups. In this sample, when examining AA (...) authoritarian attitudes relative to those of other AA mothers, less or lower authoritarian attitudes were associated with authoritative limit-setting behavior (firm limits within the context of overall warmth and responsiveness) and better children's self-regulation.

2016 Journal of Child and Family Studies

70. The Impacts of Attitudes and Engagement on Electronic Word of Mouth (eWOM) of Mobile Sensor Computing Applications Full Text available with Trip Pro

of a huge amount of users. Therefore, an in-depth discussion on the human-computer interaction (HCI) issues of mobile sensor computing is required. The target of this study is to extend the discussions on HCI by examining the relationships of users' compound attitudes (i.e., affective attitudes, cognitive attitude), engagement and electronic word of mouth (eWOM) behaviors in the context of mobile sensor computing. A conceptual model is developed, based on which, 313 valid questionnaires are collected (...) The Impacts of Attitudes and Engagement on Electronic Word of Mouth (eWOM) of Mobile Sensor Computing Applications As one of the latest revolutions in networking technology, social networks allow users to keep connected and exchange information. Driven by the rapid wireless technology development and diffusion of mobile devices, social networks experienced a tremendous change based on mobile sensor computing. More and more mobile sensor network applications have appeared with the emergence

2016 Sensors (Basel, Switzerland)

71. Sedentary Behavior and Cardiovascular Morbidity and Mortality: A Science Advisory From the American Heart Association Full Text available with Trip Pro

A number of cross-sectional studies have shown higher sedentary time to be inversely associated with psychological well-being , and health-related quality of life , , and positively associated with depressive symptoms. , The psychosocial constructs of attitudes toward sedentary behavior, social norms, social support, and self-efficacy for sitting less have varying cross-sectional associations. Prospective associations or results from intervention studies examining psychosocial variables as outcomes (...) January 2019 Free Access article Share on Jump to Free Access article Sedentary Behavior and Cardiovascular Morbidity and Mortality: A Science Advisory From the American Heart Association , PhD, FAHA, Chair , MD, MMSc, FAHA, Co-Chair , PhD , PhD, FAHA , PhD, FAHA , PhD, FAHA , MD, MSPH, FAHA , PhD , PhD, FNP, FAHA , and DrPH MD, MBA, MScOn behalf of the Physical Activity Committee of the Council on Lifestyle and Cardiometabolic Health; Council on Clinical Cardiology; Council on Epidemiology

2016 American Heart Association

72. The impact of attitudes as a mediator between sense of autonomy and help-seeking intentions for self-injury Full Text available with Trip Pro

The impact of attitudes as a mediator between sense of autonomy and help-seeking intentions for self-injury Self-injury is a complex issue, further complicated by the fact that up to half of young people who self-injure do not receive help. Young people who do receive help for self-injury claim they prefer to access family and friends over more formal sources of help. This original research set out to examine the influence of negative attitudes to professional help and a sense of autonomy (...) on help-seeking intentions.A cross-section of 220 university students and young adults from the community (Students = 131, other participants = 89; mean age = 24.64) completed anonymous online questionnaires measuring self-injurious behaviour and mental health related problems, attitudes toward seeking professional mental health help, autonomy, and intentions to seek help for self-injury. Two separate mediation models were tested using a bootstrapping approach to investigate intentions to seek help

2015 Child and adolescent psychiatry and mental health

73. Development of a model to assess the cost-effectiveness of gestational diabetes mellitus screening and lifestyle change for the prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus

concluded that a universal screening programme to identify gestational diabetes mellitus was highly cost-effective in both India and Israel. The study was based on a validated model and appropriate methodology, although some clinical sources were not fully described. The authors’ conclusions appear robust. Type of economic evaluation Cost-utility analysis Study objective The study examined the cost-effectiveness of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) screening and postpartum lifestyle management using (...) /epidemiology /therapy; Female; Health Policy /economics; Humans; Incidence; India /epidemiology; Israel /epidemiology; Mass Screening /economics /statistics & Models, Biological; Pregnancy; Pregnancy Complications /economics; Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects /economics /epidemiology; Prevalence; Quality-Adjusted Life Years; Risk Reduction Behavior; control; numerical data AccessionNumber 22011002022 Date bibliographic record published 22/02/2012 Date abstract record published 01/06/2012 NHS Economic

2011 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

74. Evaluating the Use of Peer Specialists to Deliver Cognitive Behavioral Social Skills Training

behaviors have been performed over the past month in 10 areas: Personal Hygiene, Appearance and Care of Clothing, Care of Personal Possessions (everyday household chores), Food Preparation, Health Maintenance, Money Management, Transportation, Leisure and Community (including socialization), Job Seeking, and Job Maintenance. Items in each domain are averaged, and a total average score is computed. Abbreviated Quality of Life Scale (A-QLS) Change [ Time Frame: baseline, mid-intervention (10 weeks), post (...) , quality of life, recovery, and symptoms will be administered to the Veterans in each wave at: baseline, mid-intervention (10 weeks), end-of-intervention (20 weeks), and follow-up (32 weeks, 3 months post intervention). We will examine all outcomes using Hierarchical Linear Models (HLM), with treatment condition included as a time-invariant covariate, and random intercepts for person and random slopes for time. Relevant covariates will include site, treatment attendance, symptom severity, service use

2018 Clinical Trials

75. A case scenario study for the assessment of physician’s behavior in the management of COPD: the WHY study Full Text available with Trip Pro

A case scenario study for the assessment of physician’s behavior in the management of COPD: the WHY study COPD diagnosis is mainly based on clinical judgment of physicians. Physicians do not also refer to COPD guidelines in their daily practice. This study aimed to assess attitudes of physicians regarding COPD diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up and to identify the factors influencing physicians' decisions in clinical practice.Fifty physicians were selected from 12 EuroStat NUTS 2 regions (...) hypoventilation syndrome. Patients' history, physical examination findings, pulmonary function tests, and X-ray images were prepared before the study by an experts' committee and provided to the physicians upon their request, until they reached a final decision. The physicians completed a questionnaire including information about their clinical practices and institutions.According to the GOLD 2015 recommendations, of the physicians, 44% performed guideline-concordant diagnosis in the first five scenarios, who

2018 International journal of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

76. Missing in action: Did US journalists miss a huge opportunity to critically examine mental health screening?

that the data behind the USPSTF recommendations focused on cognitive behavioral therapy. Having examined depression screening in I wrote on the subject, I concluded in my chapter on depression screening that despite how much we wish screening and early intervention would help people at risk of a mental health crisis, screening for depression is not supported by good science, unlikely to reduce the burden of mental illness in the overall population, and always includes a likelihood of causing harm (...) Missing in action: Did US journalists miss a huge opportunity to critically examine mental health screening? How did journalists cover USPSTF depression guidelines? Note to our followers: Our nearly 13-year run of daily publication of new content on HealthNewsReview.org came to a close at the end of 2018. Publisher Gary Schwitzer and other contributors may post new articles periodically. But all of the 6,000+ articles we have published contain lessons to help you improve your critical thinking

2016 HealthNewsReview

77. Cognitive behavioural therapy for men who physically abuse their female partner Full Text available with Trip Pro

, which is a feminist, cognitive psycho‐educational curriculum provided in 26‐week group sessions. Men in the control group were sentenced to 1 year's probation. Outcomes Outcomes were collected by means of interviews with batterers and victims, and police records of repeat violence. Differences between the groups at time of education (Time 1), at least 6‐months post education (Time 2), and changes between Time 1 and Time 2 were examined. Offender attitudes, beliefs, and self‐reported behaviours were (...) * or abus* or violen* or beat* or assault)):ti,ab,kw #7(#1 OR #2 OR #3 OR #4 OR #5 OR #6) #8MeSH descriptor Behavior Therapy, this term only #9MeSH descriptor Cognitive Therapy, this term only #10MeSH descriptor Psychotherapy, Rational‐Emotive, this term only #11(cognitive* near/3 (therap* or train* or techni* or question* or approach* or assessment*)):ti,ab,kw #12((behavior* or behaviour*) near/3 (therap* or train* or modif* or experiment*)):ti,ab,kw #13(rational* near/3 emotive*):ti,ab,kw #14(cbt):ti

2011 Campbell Collaboration

78. Evaluating Parents and Adult Caregivers as ?Agents of Change? for Treating Obese Children: Evidence for Parent Behavior Change Strategies and Research Gaps Full Text available with Trip Pro

given the global “epidemic” of childhood obesity, coupled with the fact that most obese youth become obese adults. Children are dependent on parents to structure their home environment and daily lifestyles, which includes diet and physical activity; these behaviors, in turn, influence long-term energy balance and weight status. Obesity runs in families, with parental weight status being one of the strongest and most robust predictors of a child's obesity risk. This familial transmission reflects (...) both genetic and (home) environmental factors, and therefore, PACs are in a unique role to leverage behavior change in obese children. There also is a need for healthcare providers to acquire better knowledge of core behavioral change strategies for PACs of obese youth. A national survey of 202 pediatricians, 293 pediatric nurse practitioners, and 444 registered dietitians examined self-perceived skills and competencies for managing pediatric obesity. A sizable proportion of respondents perceived

2012 American Heart Association

79. Distorted Beliefs about Luck and Skill and Their Relation to Gambling Problems and Gambling Behavior in Dutch Gamblers Full Text available with Trip Pro

timepoints. Each subscale correlated with an independent dimension of gambling both concurrently and prospectively: Luck/Chance was related to greater gambling problems and Skill/Attitude was related to greater gambling behavior. Thus, the two GCI subscales, while inter-correlated, appear to be related to different gambling outcomes, at least among Dutch gamblers. Moreover, the first evidence of the predictive validity of the GCI scales was demonstrated over a 1-month and 6-month interval (...) Distorted Beliefs about Luck and Skill and Their Relation to Gambling Problems and Gambling Behavior in Dutch Gamblers Gamblers' cognitive distortions are thought to be an important mechanism involved in the development and maintenance of problem gambling. The Gambling Cognitions Inventory (GCI) evaluates two categories of distortions: beliefs that one is lucky (i.e., "Luck/Chance") and beliefs that one has special gambling-related skills (i.e., "Skill/Attitude"). Prior psychometric evaluations

2017 Frontiers in psychology

80. Beliefs about Obedience Levels in Studies Conducted within the Milgram Paradigm: Better than Average Effect and Comparisons of Typical Behaviors by Residents of Various Nations Full Text available with Trip Pro

Beliefs about Obedience Levels in Studies Conducted within the Milgram Paradigm: Better than Average Effect and Comparisons of Typical Behaviors by Residents of Various Nations The article presents studies examining whether the better than average (BTA) effect appears in opinions regarding obedience of individuals participating in an experiment conducted in the Milgram paradigm. Participants are presented with a detailed description of the experiment, asked to declare at what moment an average (...) experiment did not impact convictions as to own obedience. By the same token, the BTA effect size was larger among those who had previously heard of the Milgram experiment than those who had not. Additionally, study participants were asked to estimate the behavior of the average resident of their country (Poland), as well as of average residents of several other European countries. It turned out that in participants' judgment the average Pole would withdraw from the experiment quicker than the average

2017 Frontiers in psychology

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