How to Trip Rapid Review

Step 1: Select articles relevant to your search (remember the system is only optimised for single intervention studies)

Step 2: press

Step 3: review the result, and maybe amend the or if you know better! If we're unsure of the overall sentiment of the trial we will display the conclusion under the article title. We then require you to tell us what the correct sentiment is.

4,141 results for

Appearance, Behavior and Attitude Exam

by
...
Alerts

Export results

Use check boxes to select individual results below

SmartSearch available

Trip's SmartSearch engine has discovered connected searches & results. Click to show

4121. Within-trial cost-effectiveness of lifestyle intervention or metformin for the primary prevention of type 2 diabetes

in relation to their own settings. The study period was 3 years. However, Type II diabetes is a disease that remains with patients for their entire life and many long-term factors were not included in this study. It was suggested that future studies of this nature attempt to estimate the lifetime costs and consequences of the interventions under examination. Implications of the study The authors suggested that both lifestyle and metformin interventions can be considered cost-effective for the prevention (...) PubMedID Other publications of related interest The Diabetes Prevention Program Research Group. Costs associated with the primary prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus in the Diabetes Prevention Program. Diabetes Care 2003;26:36-47. Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by NLM MeSH Adult; Attitude to Health; Cost-Benefit Analysis; Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 /economics /prevention & Female; Humans; Hypoglycemic Agents /economics /therapeutic use; Life Style; Male; Metformin /economics /therapeutic

2003 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

4122. Adult Sexual Risk Behavior Among Women With a History of Childhood Sexual Abuse

significant distress for those affected, during both childhood and adulthood. Childhood abuse appears to increase the risk of a number of negative outcomes later in life, including psychiatric disorders, substance abuse, and HIV and sexually transmitted infections. Previous research has consistently found an association between childhood sexual abuse and greater rates of adult sexual risk behavior. However, improved understanding of how childhood sexual abuse relates to adult sexual risk behavior (...) is needed. The Information-Motivation-Behavioral Skills and Traumagenic Dynamics models are theories used to investigate determinants of sexual behavior and effects of childhood abuse. Using these models to examine the relationship between childhood sexual abuse and adult sexual risk behavior may help in creating effective sexual risk reduction interventions for women abused during childhood. This study will evaluate whether childhood experiences are related to current sexual behavior of adult women

2008 Clinical Trials

4123. Residential care for mentally ill people in Andalusia and London: a comparison of care environments, users' attitudes and cost of care

sample were taken into consideration when estimating effectiveness. The primary health outcomes used in the analysis were: a description of the facilities; the qualifications of the care staff; the environmental index (EI), which assessed the levels of restrictiveness and amenities; and the residents' attitudes, as measured using the Patient Attitude Questionnaire. This assessed whether the patients wanted to leave the hospital or liked house better than hospital, if life was different from hospital (...) Residential care for mentally ill people in Andalusia and London: a comparison of care environments, users' attitudes and cost of care Residential care for mentally ill people in Andalusia and London: a comparison of care environments, users' attitudes and cost of care Residential care for mentally ill people in Andalusia and London: a comparison of care environments, users' attitudes and cost of care Rickard C, Trieman N, Torres-Gonzalez F, Laviana M, Maestro J C, Moreno-Kustner B, Comas

2002 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

4124. Examining the psychosocial impact of implantable cardioverter defibrillators: a literature review

and interest expressed in contacting other patients with ICD; overprotective family members; fear of device malfunction; sense of loss of control. Particular areas of concern in younger patients included device appearance, physical activity limitations, sexual relations, social interactions, and driving restrictions. Positive attitudes towards the ICD were reported. Authors' conclusions Current research suggests that ICD-specific fears and symptoms of anxiety are the most common psychological symptoms (...) suggest that psychological research can lead to an improved understanding about the stresses ICD patients face and provide a means for identifying patients who may be at risk for psychological complications. Psychological interventions can be developed to augment the medical management of ICD recipients and optimize the quality of life outcomes for all ICD recipients. Funding Partially supported by Medtronic, Inc. Bibliographic details Sears S E, Todaro J F, Lewis T S, Sotile W, Conti J B. Examining

1999 DARE.

4125. Applying the theory of planned behaviour to pharmacists' beliefs and intentions about the treatment of vaginal candidiasis with non-prescription medicines. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Applying the theory of planned behaviour to pharmacists' beliefs and intentions about the treatment of vaginal candidiasis with non-prescription medicines. It is important to understand health professionals' attitudes and beliefs about practice and the barriers to achieving best practice. The theory of planned behaviour (TPB) has been widely used to understand behaviour. In this study, TPB was used to explore the psychological variables that influence community pharmacists and the supply of non (...) -prescription medicines.The objectives of the study were to: (i) apply the TPB to community pharmacy behaviour; (ii) identify barriers to/facilitators of evidence-based practice; (iii) describe psychological variables and responses to written scenarios of patients presenting in community pharmacies for non-prescription antifungals for the treatment of vulvovaginal candidiasis; and (iv) to examine the relationships between beliefs and behavioural intention.A questionnaire survey was constructed using the TPB

2004 Family Practice

4126. Behavioral intervention to increase condom use among high-risk female adolescents. (Abstract)

genitourinary infection, were randomly assigned to standard (control) or experimental (behavioral intervention) groups. One hundred twelve subjects returned for follow-up 5 to 7 months after enrollment and comprise the study subjects.Subjects completed a multiinstrument questionnaire measuring sexual behavior, condom practices, attitudes and beliefs, cognitive complexity, sociodemographics, and motivation at enrollment and follow-up. Endourethral and endocervical sites were sampled for C. trachomatis.Among (...) ) and the higher cognitive complexity (odds ratio = 4.6; p = 0.02) independently contributed to greater condom use at follow-up. Despite greater use of condoms among the group who had received the intervention, use remained inconsistent and rates of reinfection with C. trachomatis were not significantly different (26% vs 17%; p = 0.3).Although a brief behavioral intervention among high-risk female adolescents can increase condom use by their sexual partners, incident infection does not appear to be reduced

1996 The Journal of pediatrics Controlled trial quality: uncertain

4127. The effects of emotional behaviour on components of the respiratory cycle. (Abstract)

The effects of emotional behaviour on components of the respiratory cycle. The present study was designed to examine affect-related respiratory responses during film scenes, reaction time (RT) and cold pressor (CP) tasks. In addition, I investigated whether affect-related respiratory responses could be characterised by a number of underlying dimensions, such as positive versus negative affect and active versus passive coping. Respiratory output was indexed by a detailed analyses of various (...) respiratory activity such as breath-holding in disgust and pain. On the other hand, breathing irregularity and expiratory pause duration appears to correspond to emotion dimensions (positive versus negative affect) that cut across the boundaries of emotion categories. Lastly, there were the respiratory patterns that could be more readily interpreted in terms of a task-involvement or active versus passive coping attitude.

1998 Biological psychology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

4128. Information source affects peers' initial attitudes toward autism. (Abstract)

Information source affects peers' initial attitudes toward autism. Authors examined the effects of information source on peers' cognitive and behavioral attitudes toward an unfamiliar child with autism. Children (N=296; M age=10.21 years) received information about an unfamiliar child with autism from one of the following sources: (a) videotape, (b) teacher, (c) hypothetical mother, (d) hypothetical father, or (e) hypothetical "doctor." Interactive effects between source, and sex and grade were (...) found for cognitive and behavioral attitudes. Fifth-graders reported more favorable cognitive and behavioral attitudes when information was provided by extra-familial sources (i.e., "doctor") versus parent sources. Mother yielded more persuasive effects on behavioral attitudes for third-graders versus fifth-graders. Attitudes toward autism differ depending on who provides information about the disability. Persuasion theory appears useful to guide evaluation of educational interventions to improve

2008 Research in developmental disabilities Controlled trial quality: uncertain

4129. Do physiotherapists' attitudes towards evidence-based practice change as a result of an evidence-based educational programme? (Abstract)

to disseminate new evidence into practice, and thereby encourage the behaviour of health care professionals has been proposed.The aims of this study were to investigate physiotherapists' attitudes towards EBP and to examine change in their attitudes following an education package, which utilized local opinion leaders.Thirty musculoskeletal physiotherapists from a Community Trust in North Staffordshire were cluster randomized by location of work to two groups. The intervention group received an evidence-based (...) Do physiotherapists' attitudes towards evidence-based practice change as a result of an evidence-based educational programme? The concept of evidence-based practice (EBP) encourages health care professionals to provide the most effective health care, and to be accountable for the interventions they provide. Little work has been undertaken to examine how practically allied health professionals' encompass EBP and how they perceptive and understand the concept of EBP. The use of opinion leaders

2004 Journal of evaluation in clinical practice Controlled trial quality: uncertain

4130. Psychosocial problems and barriers to improved diabetes management: results of the Cross-National Diabetes Attitudes, Wishes and Needs (DAWN) Study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Psychosocial problems and barriers to improved diabetes management: results of the Cross-National Diabetes Attitudes, Wishes and Needs (DAWN) Study. To examine patient- and provider-reported psychosocial problems and barriers to effective self-care and resources for dealing with those barriers.Cross-sectional study using face-to-face or telephone interviews with diabetic patients and health-care providers in 13 countries in Asia, Australia, Europe and North America. Participants were randomly (...) selected adults (n = 5104) with Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes, and providers (n = 3827), including primary care physicians, diabetes specialist physicians and nurses.Regimen adherence was poor, especially for diet and exercise; provider estimates of patient self-care were lower than patient reports for all behaviours. Diabetes-related worries were common among patients, and providers generally recognized these worries. Many patients (41%) had poor psychological well-being. Providers reported that most

2005 Diabetic Medicine

4131. A Study to Examine the Safety and Efficacy of Drospirenone and Ethinyl Estradiol (YAZ) Versus Placebo In HS

"no pain" and a score of 10 indicated "worst pain". The value indicates the change from the baseline participant assessment on the 0 to 10 scale. A negative value indicates a reduction in pain intensity. Change From Baseline in Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) Score at Month 6. [ Time Frame: 6 months ] Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) Score is a participant-reported outcome consisting of a set of 10 questions regarding the degree to which the participant's skin has affected certain behaviors (...) A Study to Examine the Safety and Efficacy of Drospirenone and Ethinyl Estradiol (YAZ) Versus Placebo In HS A Study to Examine the Safety and Efficacy of Drospirenone and Ethinyl Estradiol (YAZ) Versus Placebo In HS - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies

2008 Clinical Trials

4132. Examining the Feasibility of Collaborative Care Treatment for Overweight Adolescents

intervention Behavioral: Enriched lifestyle intervention Multi-component lifestyle intervention Outcome Measures Go to Primary Outcome Measures : BMI z-score [ Time Frame: 2 years ] Secondary Outcome Measures : Quality of life (PedsQL 4.0) [ Time Frame: 2 years ] Self esteem (RSE) [ Time Frame: 2 years ] Depression (PHQ-A) [ Time Frame: 2 years ] Unhealthy eating practices (QEWPR-A, TFEQ) [ Time Frame: 2 years ] Weight and shape concerns (WCS) [ Time Frame: 2 years ] Sociocultural attitudes toward (...) Collaborator: Garfield Memorial Fund Information provided by (Responsible Party): Kaiser Permanente Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: This project will examine the effectiveness of a primary care based intervention to help overweight teen girls adopt healthy lifestyle practices. Participants will be adolescent females from Kaiser Permanente Northwest primary care clinics with a body mass index above the 90th percentile. Teens will be randomly assigned to (1) a behavioral weight control

2007 Clinical Trials

4133. Examining a New Biomarker of Nicotine Use Among Pregnant Women Who Participated in the New England SCRIPT

complications and serious health problems in newborns, including a 50% increase in risk of low birth weight. The effect of tobacco exposure on infant birth weight may have long-term consequences, as fetal growth appears to be a predictor of coronary heart disease later in life. Pregnant women participating in clinical trials are less likely to disclose that they are smoking because of a desire to please study researchers. Therefore, a way to test for nicotine exposure is needed to accurately determine (...) ' SCRIPT study data from four surveys collected at baseline, during the third trimester, and 6 weeks and 6 months following childbirth. Researchers will analyze the following study data: smoking behavior, attitudes toward smoking, self-reported smoking status, number of cigarettes smoked per day, use of the assigned smoking cessation materials, and infant birth weight. Demographic information, including the participant's age, race and ethnicity, years of education, age of the fetus at study entry

2007 Clinical Trials

4134. Examining Factors That May Influence Resistance to HIV-1 Infection

profiles, exposure characteristics, donor viral load, STIs, and sexual behaviors among all participants. In the infected member of a serodiscordant couple, the HIV-1 virus will be examined and sequenced. This observational study will last approximately 24 months. Screening will involve at least one visit and will occur at least 8 weeks prior to study entry. Eligible participants will fall into one of three groups: Group 1 will include individuals who have been exposed to HIV-1 but who remain uninfected (...) will undergo a review of their medical history and a physical examination, including a genital exam for both males and females and a pelvic exam for females. At selected visits, participants may opt to provide additional samples of urine, saliva, genital secretions, breastmilk, and feces for research purposes. Groups 1 and 3 will have HIV testing at all but the first study visit; Group 2 will have no HIV testing, but will be assessed for CD4 cell count at all study visits. Participants requiring clinical

2006 Clinical Trials

4135. Neonatal Examination

Guidelines. You may find one of our more useful. In this article In This Article Neonatal Examination In this article All babies born in the UK should have an examination within the first few days of life. This includes specific checks of the hips, heart, eyes and, for boys, the testes. The examination usually takes place within 72 hours of birth and again at 6-8 weeks of age [ , , ] . Initial post-delivery examination A brief screening examination should be conducted checking the face, eyes, mouth (...) with the mother in attendance and able to see and help with what is being done . Suggested schema for screening neonatal examination First wash your hands thoroughly to reduce the risk of cross-infection. Then: Listen and observe Assess overall appearance . Note general tone, sleepiness and rousability. Observe general condition, proportions and maturity. Look carefully for evidence of jaundice (preferably in bright, natural light). Note whether there are any birthmarks, rashes or other skin abnormalities

2008 Mentor

4136. Antenatal Examinations

Antenatal Examinations Antenatal Examinations. Pregnency checks information. Patient | Patient TOPICS Try our Symptom Checker TREATMENT RESOURCES Try our Symptom Checker PROFESSIONAL Upgrade to Patient Pro / / Search Antenatal Examinations Authored by , Reviewed by | Last edited 1 Dec 2015 | Certified by This article is for Medical Professionals Professional Reference articles are designed for health professionals to use. They are written by UK doctors and based on research evidence, UK (...) and European Guidelines. You may find the article more useful, or one of our other . In this article In This Article Antenatal Examinations In this article See also separate , and articles. This article cannot cover all areas of clinical practice associated with the proper care of pregnant women but gives an overview of important areas, based on the latest guidance. The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) provides full advice on the routine care of healthy pregnant women. [ ] Diagnosis

2008 Mentor

4137. Genitourinary History and Examination (Female)

the hymen is normally always perforate, even in babies, despite the opinion of many courts of law) and is not using tampons, further internal examination would be inappropriate. The practice of rectal examination to assess the genitalia indirectly (although technically possible) is rarely necessary or appropriate. It should not be performed in children and is often distressing and unacceptable in adults. The advent of ultrasound makes such an intrusive procedure unnecessary. Separation of the labia (...) Genitourinary History and Examination (Female) Genitourinary History and Examination (Female) | Patient TOPICS Try our Symptom Checker TREATMENT RESOURCES Try our Symptom Checker PROFESSIONAL Upgrade to Patient Pro / / Search Genitourinary History and Examination Female Authored by , Reviewed by | Last edited 20 Jun 2014 | Certified by This article is for Medical Professionals Professional Reference articles are designed for health professionals to use. They are written by UK doctors and based

2008 Mentor

4138. Knowledge, attitudes, and screening practices among older men regarding prostate cancer. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Knowledge, attitudes, and screening practices among older men regarding prostate cancer. This study determined population-based rates of reported prostate cancer screening and assessed prostate cancer-related knowledge, attitudes, and screening practices among men in New York aged 50 years and older.Two telephone surveys were conducted. One was included in the 1994 and 1995 statewide Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System interviews, and the other was a community-level survey that targeted (...) associated with screening with a PSA test or a digital rectal examination. Also, race was significantly associated with screening in the statewide survey.Many New York men appear to be unaware of risk factors for prostate cancer. However, a substantial percentage reported having been screened for the disease; physician advice may have been a major determining factor in their decision to be tested.

2000 American Journal of Public Health

4139. Do antifat attitudes predict antifat behaviors? Full Text available with Trip Pro

Do antifat attitudes predict antifat behaviors? The aim of this study was to investigate discrimination against obese job candidates, and to examine whether widely used measures of implicit and explicit antifat attitudes are related to or predict antifat discrimination.One hundred university students made job candidate suitability ratings of resumes submitted for a bogus managerial position. Photos attached to each resume portrayed the job candidate as either obese or normal weight, by using (...) overall than candidates portrayed as normal weight. Neither implicit nor explicit antifat attitude measures were significantly related to antifat discrimination.This study found strong evidence of employment-related discrimination against obese individuals. Commonly used measures of antifat attitudes do not appear to be adequate predictors of antifat discrimination. Improved questionnaire measures may be needed to better predict actual prejudiced behavior.

2008 Obesity

4140. Dental health attitudes and behaviour among dental students in Jordan. (Abstract)

Dental health attitudes and behaviour among dental students in Jordan. Examine and compare differences in oral health attitudes and behaviour among Jordanian dental students.Cross-sectional study of 314 dental students was conducted to compare differences in oral health behaviour and attitudes among these students in different levels of academic education.Jordan University of Science and Technology.Subjects were surveyed using a modified version of the Hiroshima University Dental Behavior (...) among clinical year students (OR 0.30, 95% CI 0.15-0.61). Clinical year students rarely complained of bleeding gums after toothbrushing (OR 0.10, 95% CI 0.03-0.27). On the other hand, a number of items regarding use of dental floss and tooth paste, bad breath, colour and appearance of teeth, and cigarette smoking was similar between preclinical and clinical students. Evaluation of trends during dental studies employing polytomous multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed an abrupt change

2006 Community dental health

To help you find the content you need quickly, you can filter your results via the categories on the right-hand side >>>>