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21. Mental health, men and culture: how do sociocultural constructions of masculinities relate to men’s mental health help-seeking behaviour in the WHO European Region?

in line with the Strategy on Women's Health and Well-being in the WHO European Region (resolution EUR/RC66/R8) and the Strategy on the Health and Well-being of Men in the WHO European Region. The overall objectives of the programme are to accelerate progress on health and well-being across the life-course through a gender and rights approach and reduce gender inequities and inequalities in health. Insights Unit The Insights Unit at the WHO Regional Office for Europe investigates behavioural (...) sociocultural constructions of masculinities relate to men’s mental health help-seeking behaviour in the WHO European Region? Brendan Gough | Irina NovikovaAbstract Men are less likely than women to seek help for mental health issues and are much more likely to commit suicide. This scoping review examined recent evidence published in English and Russian on the role of socially constructed masculinity norms in men’s help-seeking behaviour for mental health issues. The key sociocultural barriers to men’s help

2020 WHO Health Evidence Network

22. The fitness of apps: a theory-based examination of mobile fitness app usage over 5 months Full Text available with Trip Pro

participants downloaded three free apps available on Android and iOS and 47 remained in the study until posttest. With a one group pre-posttest design and checkpoints at months 1, 3, and 5, exercise and exercise with fitness apps were examined in the framework of the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) using a validated survey. Apps were selected based on their function from the Functional Triad. Perceived fitness was also measured. T-tests, sign tests, Fisher's exact tests, and linear and logistic regression (...) a significant difference in subscale total scores at posttest for attitude toward exercising using apps, which was significantly more favorable among users than non-users (32.3 vs. 27.6, P<0.05). Fitness perception did not change over 5 months regarding cardiovascular fitness, strength, endurance, flexibility, or body composition. Technology usage attrition was desirable at 31.9%.App usage and effectiveness appears to have a connection to usefulness (attitude) and to perceived difficulties of exercising

2017 mHealth

23. Smoking and infertility: a committee opinion

Smoking and infertility: a committee opinion Smoking and infertility: a committee opinion Practice Committee of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine American Society for Reproductive Medicine, Birmingham, Alabama Approximately 21% of women of reproductive age and 22% of men of reproductive age in the United States smoke cigarettes. Substantialharmfuleffectsofcigarettesmokeonfecundityandreproductionhavebecomeapparentbutarenotgenerallyappreciated. This committee opinion reviews (...) of smoking on male fertility have been dif?cult to assess due to the confounding effect of the partner's smoking habits and fecundity (6, 21–23, 45). MutagenicPotential Gametogenesis appears to be vulnerable to damage from tobacco smoke (46). Both chromosomal and DNA damage to human germ cells may result from tobacco smoke exposure (47). The proportion of diploid oocytes in the ovary increases with the number of cigarettes smoked per day (P<.0003), an observation suggesting that smoking may disrupt

2018 Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology

24. Fertility preservation for patients undergoing gonadotoxic therapy: a committee opinion

Fertility preservation for patients undergoing gonadotoxic therapy: a committee opinion Fertility preservation in patients undergoing gonadotoxic therapy or gonadectomy: a committee opinion The Practice Committee of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine American Society for Reproductive Medicine, Birmingham, Alabama Patients preparing to undergo gonadotoxic medical therapy or radiation therapy or gonadectomy should be provided with prompt counseling regarding available options (...) stimulation of estrogen-sensitive cancers, and a risk of thromboembolic phenomena. Whileoocytesforcryopreservationideallyshouldbepro- cured prior to exposure to cancer therapies, this may not always be possible due to the patient’s medical condition. There are no human studies that have speci?cally examined the quality of oocytes and embryos that result following a prior course of chemotherapy. It is known that chemothera- peutic agents can cause DNA abnormalities as well as oxida- tive damage in somatic

2018 Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology

25. Poverty Leadership Panel staff attitudes survey report

to ‘being unlucky’ in this staff survey, the ‘All in’ survey and the BSA survey. However, only 8% of residents in the GHS thought it was a result of bad luck. Staff survey Glasgow Household Survey ‘All in’ poverty survey BSA survey (2010) Injustice in society 43% 40% 40% 21% Inevitable part of modern life 13% 19% 22% 35% There were variations, however, in attitudes across the four organisations in this survey (see Figure 4). An average of 41% of respondents from the Wheatley Group, Scottish Fire (...) people. Nevertheless, these negative attitudes point to a need for a systematic approach to supporting staff, by raising awareness of the underlying determinants of poverty and the impact these have on people’s life chances. In terms of responses to discrimination, although most staff stated that they would challenge clients and colleagues who discriminate against vulnerable groups, this is not consistent across all vulnerable groups. For example 13% of staff would not challenge or report people

2014 Glasgow Centre for Population Health

26. Examining the Effects of One-Month Probiotic Treatment on Mental Fatigue

or Parkinson's disease. Formal diagnosis of anxiety, depression or any psychiatric disorder that the Principal Investigator believes would interfere with the objectives of the study and requiring treatment (prescription of antidepressant, antipsychotic or other long term medication and/or referral for long term psychotherapy) in the last 2 years. Brief interventions for normal life events such as exam anxiety or bereavement are not an exclusion. Have a significant acute or chronic coexisting illness (...) Examining the Effects of One-Month Probiotic Treatment on Mental Fatigue Examining the Effects of One-Month Probiotic Treatment on Mental Fatigue - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Examining

2018 Clinical Trials

27. Approaches to promote handwashing and sanitation behaviour change in low? and middle?income countries: a mixed method systematic review Full Text available with Trip Pro

within targeted populations. The last 10 years new developments on behavior change models were introduced, with emphasis on non‐cognitive models and psychosocial theory, shaping again policies and resulting in approaches such as the current widely spread ‘Community Led Total Sanitation’ (CLTS) 4 or ‘Behaviour Centered Design’ 5 . This new vision emphasized the importance of attitudes and beliefs that influence certain behavior and social choices that shape what people think. Many variations (...) elements of psychosocial theory in a small‐scale handwashing promotion intervention, or adding theory‐based elements such as infrastructure promotion or public commitment to an existing promotional approach, seem promising for handwashing with soap. None of the approaches described have consistent effects on behavioural factors such as knowledge, skills and attitude. There are no consistent effects on health. What factors affect implementation? Implementation is affected by length of the intervention

2017 Campbell Collaboration

28. Screening for disruptive behaviour problems in preschool children in primary health care settings

improve outcome trajectories. This position statement provides an approach to early identification using clinical screening at periodic health examinations, followed by a systematic mental health examination that includes standardized measures. The practitioner should consider a range of environmental, developmental, family and parent–child relationship factors to evaluate the clinical significance of disruptive behaviours. Options within a management plan include regular monitoring, accompanied (...) disabilities . For a significant proportion of preschool children, both clinical and subclinical levels of disruptive behaviours can persist into the early primary school years – , placing children at risk for poorer academic, physical and mental health outcomes into adolescence and adulthood – . Quality of life for children with disruptive disorders—and their families—is lower, while the costs to society for academic, social support, health care and criminal justice services are higher than for typically

2017 Canadian Paediatric Society

29. Recommendations for practices utilizing gestational carriers: a committee opinion

) xix. Personality style and coping skills, capacity for empathy xx. Current major life stressors or anticipated changes within the next 2 years xxi. Previous gestational carrier experience or appli- cation to another facility xxii. Motivation to become a gestational carrier xxiii. Support of signi?cant other xxiv. Social network xxv. Desire for more children of her own xxvi. Anticipated impact of gestational experience upon her children and signi?cant other xxvii. Anticipated type and duration (...) and/or delivery VOL. 107 NO. 2 / FEBRUARY 2017 e9 Fertility and Sterility®5. History of major depression, bipolar disorder, psychosis, or a signi?cant anxiety disorder 6. Current marital or relationship instability 7. Chaotic lifestyle, current major life stressor(s) 8. Inability to maintain respectful and caring relationship with intended parent(s) 9. Evidence of emotional inability to separate from/surrender the child at birth ii. Relative rejection criteria include: 1. Failure to exhibit altruistic

2017 Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology

30. On the Flexibility of Basic Risk Attitudes in Monkeys Full Text available with Trip Pro

On the Flexibility of Basic Risk Attitudes in Monkeys Monkeys and other animals appear to share with humans two risk attitudes predicted by prospect theory: an inverse-S-shaped probability-weighting (PW) function and a steeper utility curve for losses than for gains. These findings suggest that such preferences are stable traits with common neural substrates. We hypothesized instead that animals tailor their preferences to subtle changes in task contexts, making risk attitudes flexible (...) a plausible mechanism underlying flexible risk attitudes. Together, our results support the idea that risky choices are constructed flexibly at the time of elicitation and place important constraints on neural models of economic choice.SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT We respond in reliable ways to risk, but are our risk preferences stable traits or ephemeral states? Using various computational models, we examined two large datasets of macaque risky choices in two different tasks. We observed several deviations

2018 The Journal of Neuroscience

31. Harmful sexual behaviour among children and young people

emotional and self-regulation life story work understanding of their harmful sexual behaviour victimisation peer and social relationships Harmful sexual behaviour among children and young people (NG55) © NICE 2019. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and- conditions#notice-of-rights). Page 14 of 60community reintegration for those who have spent time in residential or secure units support to make future plans. 1.7.4 Use recognised treatment resources or guided (...) with criminal offences relating to harmful sexual behaviour had previously been referred to children's services. But their sexual behaviour was either not recognised or dismissed (Examining multi-agency responses to children and young people who sexually offend Criminal Justice Joint Inspection). Data indicate that children and young people with learning disabilities are over-represented among those in the criminal justice system (Examining multi-agency responses to children and young people who sexually

2016 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

32. Screening Pelvic Examination in Adult Women

longitudinal cohort study assessed women's attitudes about, and experiences with, pelvic examination (13 000 participants from 6 countries). Most studies included only women in their reproductive years. The overall quality of the studies was low. Women who reported pain or discomfort during the pelvic examination ranged from 11% to 60% (median, 35%; 8 studies including 4576 participants), and 10% to 80% reported fear, embarrassment, or anxiety (median, 34%; 7 studies including 10 702 participants). Women (...) RE , Peipert JF , Weitzen S , Blume J . Evaluation of clinical methods for diagnosing bacterial vaginosis. Obstet Gynecol 2005 105 551 6 Golomb D . Attitudes toward pelvic examinations in two primary care settings. R I Med J 1983 66 281 4 Harper C , Balistreri E , Boggess J , Leon K , Darney P . Provision of hormonal contraceptives without a mandatory pelvic examination: the first stop demonstration project. Fam Plann Perspect 2001 33 13 8 Bourne PA , Charles CA , Francis CG , South-Bourne N

2014 American College of Physicians

33. Caregiver Influences on Eating Behaviors in Young Children Full Text available with Trip Pro

. At the same time, observational data , , , reveal that children vary widely in the extent to which they demonstrate eating self‐regulation, even in controlled settings. The strong heritability underlying child eating behaviors, ranging from 49% to 74% during the first year of life to 62% to 75% in early childhood (see Wood , for reviews), calls into question whether all children are born with good eating self‐regulation, and highlights the need for research into a more tailored approach to the feeding (...) between caregiver feeding styles and caregiver feeding practices. Feeding styles ( ) capture the overall emotional climate of meals and are measured along 2 dimensions: responsiveness (represented by warmth, acceptance, and involvement during feeding) and demandingness (represented by parental control and supervision of feeding). Feeding behaviors are often categorized using these dimensions into 4 feeding styles: authoritarian, authoritative, indulgent, and uninvolved, which characterize the extent

2020 American Heart Association

34. Weight management: lifestyle services for overweight or obese children and young people

techniques 36 Increasing uptake of programmes 36 Training and support 37 Sustaining behaviour changes 37 Monitoring, evaluation and setting outcome measures 38 Economic considerations 39 4 Recommendations for research 42 Recommendation 1 Research studies and trials 42 Recommendation 2 Longer-term programme evaluation 43 Recommendation 3 Barriers and facilitators 43 Recommendation 4 Weight management programmes 44 5 Related NICE guidance 46 Published 46 Under development 46 Weight management: lifestyle (...) Lifestyle weight management programmes 49 Lifestyle weight management services 49 Local authority commissioners 49 Monitoring 49 National Child Measurement Programme 50 NHS England 50 Obesity care or weight management pathway 50 Physical activity 50 Positive parenting skills training 50 Providers of lifestyle weight management programmes 51 Public Health England 51 Rolling programmes 51 Sedentary behaviour 51 Specialist obesity services 51 Stimulus control 51 Universal obesity prevention services 52 UK

2013 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

35. Acceptability of the Fitbit in behavioural activation therapy for depression: a qualitative study Full Text available with Trip Pro

activation group therapy for reducing depressive symptoms and improving quality of life: a feasibility study . 20. Samaan Z , Litke K , McCabe K , et al . A pragmatic pilot randomized trial to investigate the effectiveness of behavioural activation group therapy in reducing depressive symptoms and improving quality of life in patients with depression: the BRAVE pilot trial protocol . 21. O’Brien BC , Harris IB , Beckman TJ , et al . Standards for reporting qualitative research . 22. Consolvo S , Klasnja (...) CB , Mitzner TL , Price CE , et al . Older adults’ use of and attitudes toward activity monitoring technologies . 25. Searle A , Calnan M , Lewis G , et al . Patients’ views of physical activity as treatment for depression: a qualitative study . 26. Ekers D , Webster L , Van Straten A , et al . Behavioural activation for depression; an update of meta-analysis of effectiveness and sub group analysis . Footnotes Contributors JC, MSK and ZS conceived and designed the experiments. JC, MSK, LZ, MB, DC

2018 Evidence-Based Mental Health

36. Police?initiated diversion for youth to prevent future delinquent behavior: a systematic review Full Text available with Trip Pro

, diverting a low‐risk youth not already labeled as “delinquent” may reduce future offending. differential association theory states a youth learns the values, attitudes, and techniques of criminal behavior through the interaction with delinquent peers. As such, diverting low‐risk youth from the juvenile justice system may reduce exposure to deviant peers. In essence, a youth who has engaged in a delinquent act may learn more serious forms of delinquency from others already in the juvenile justice system (...) , including the values and attitudes that support involvement in delinquency. The reintegrative shaming aspect of restorative justice serves as another theoretical mechanism that might explain a positive effect of diversion. Reintegrative shaming emphasizes an intervention strategy where responses to transgressions are de‐stigmatizing and inclusive of “a meaningful community‐based process that reaffirms the boundaries of acceptable behavior” ( , p. 2325). These responses should aim to reduce or inhibit

2018 Campbell Collaboration

37. Does Pregnancy Play a Role? Association of Body Dissatisfaction, Body Appearance Cognitive Distraction, and Sexual Distress. (Abstract)

and committed dyadic relationship completed a web-based questionnaire.Validated measures consisted of a validated general measure of body dissatisfaction (global body dissatisfaction scale), sexual distress (adapted from the National Survey of Sexual Attitudes and Lifestyles), and cognitive distraction based on body appearance during sexual activity (body appearance cognitive distraction scale).Results indicated that body dissatisfaction and sexual distress are related, but they are fully mediated (...) Does Pregnancy Play a Role? Association of Body Dissatisfaction, Body Appearance Cognitive Distraction, and Sexual Distress. Pregnancy is characterized by physical, hormonal, and psychological changes that can affect women's sexuality, and, for those who are in a dyadic relationship, it also affects the couple's sexual relationship. On the other hand, the pregnancy state can function as a protective factor for body dissatisfaction as women embrace a new phase of the life cycle when body changes

2019 Journal Of Sexual Medicine

38. Anti-stigma programmes should target personal attitudes towards mental health #TimeToTalk

rather than broad public opinion. Anti-stigma programmes should target personal attitudes towards mental illness. Discussion There are several key anti-stigma campaigns that I wanted to highlight. There is a growing movement of people changing the attitudes and behaviours of millions of people across England. Today is Day 2017 . Making time to have a cup of tea or go for a walk, and listening to someone talk about how they feel can make such a positive difference. The Royal College of Psychiatrists (...) Anti-stigma programmes should target personal attitudes towards mental health #TimeToTalk Anti-stigma programmes should target personal attitudes to mental health Search National Elf Service Search National Elf Service » » » Anti-stigma programmes should target personal attitudes towards mental health #TimeToTalk Feb 2 2017 Posted by Sadly, stigma is not a new phenomenon outside of the woodland. We try and try to educate our non-woodland friends, but somehow the message appears to be getting

2017 The Mental Elf

39. “On the same page”? The effect of GP examiner feedback on differences in rating severity in clinical assessments: a pre/post intervention study Full Text available with Trip Pro

and wanting to be "on the same page", we did not demonstrate effective use of the feedback to change their rating behaviours. Calibration of severity appears to be difficult for examiners, and further research into better ways of providing more effective feedback is indicated. (...) ". Our aim was to investigate the effectiveness of a general practitioner examiner feedback intervention, and explore examiner attitudes to this.Sixteen examiners were provided with a written summary of all examiner ratings in medical student clinical case examinations over the preceding 18 months, enabling them to identify their own rating data and compare it with other examiners. Examiner ratings and examiner severity self-estimates were analysed pre and post intervention, using non-parametric

2017 BMC medical education

40. British Social Attitudes survey 2011

: Ipsos MORI ‘Issues facing Britain’ survey vs British Social Attitudes survey dissatisfaction with the NHS (1983-2011) A perceived reduction in quality One way to tease out some of the difference between perception and reality of the quality of NHS services is to examine satisfaction by those respondents who have had recent personal contact with the NHS (in particular inpatients or outpatient services) and compare their reported satisfaction levels with the NHS overall with those without recent (...) stories and more internal factors such as NHS staff attitudes and behaviour) will impinge on patients' views of their stay in hospital, which will be independent of the actual quality of their care. A 'surrogate' vote Alternatively, or in addition, it may be the case that some or all respondents have expressed a view about the NHS based on their views about something else – in particular about the government and/or its policies concerning the NHS. Figure 7: Satisfaction* with the NHS overall by party

2012 The King's Fund

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