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21. Genital examination in women

place of work to provide training and assessment. In this case the learner would need to find a local training service to help. Assessment must be objective and be undertaken by a recognised assessor. It should cover knowledge, skills and attitudes. A sample assessment of learning outcomes and competence tool can be found in Appendix 3. A learner may be working in a setting where they would not undertake bimanual examination. Therefore, the training is divided into two parts. Part 1 must (...) be completed by all learners and covers knowledge, attitude and skills in relation to the observation and speculum examination and excludes bimanual examination. Part 2 covers bimanual examination for those who are required to learn this procedure. The assessor must make it clear in the certificate of competence which elements of genital examination have been assessed, and the learner must agree to undergo further training should they need to undertake bimanual examination training in the future

2016 Royal College of Nursing

22. Interpretation of clinical trial results: a committee opinion

Interpretation of clinical trial results: a committee opinion Interpretation of clinical trial results: a committee opinion Practice Committee of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine American Society for Reproductive Medicine, Birmingham, Alabama This document provides guidance, background, and tips on how to recognize quality trials and focuses on evaluating the validity, importance,andrelevanceofclinicaltrialresults.Thisdocumentreplacesthedocumentofthesamename,lastpublishedin2008 (...) of clinical trial results (Table 1). BACKGROUND Chance,Bias,andTreatment Effect There are three reasons why an intervention may appear to be effec- tive: chance, an accidental event; bias, a systematic deviation from the truth caused by extraneous factors other than the intervention; and truth, a real treatment effect. Chance must alwaysbeconsideredwheninterpreting trial results and is explored in this document’s section on appropriate statistical interpretation. Bias may enter studies of all types

2021 Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology

23. Testing and interpreting measures of ovarian reserve: a committee opinion

initial pool of oocytes, or simply the extreme end of a normal bell-shaped population distribution of the number of oocytes at a given age. A loss of oo- cytes and fertility potential are associ- ated with exposure to systemic chemotherapy, pelvic irradiation, and genetic abnormalities (e.g., 45,X chro- mosomal mosaicism, FMR1 premuta- tions). Decreased ovarian reserve has not been associated with other lifestyle behaviors, with the possible exception of cigarette smoking (2). WHYMEASUREOVARIAN (...) Testing and interpreting measures of ovarian reserve: a committee opinion Testing and interpreting measures of ovarian reserve: a committee opinion Practice Committee of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine American Society for Reproductive Medicine, Birmingham, Alabama Currently there is no uniformly accepted de?nition of decreased ovarian reserve (DOR), as the term may refer to three related but distinctly different outcomes: oocyte quality, oocyte quantity, or reproductive

2021 Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology

24. Lifestyle modifications for non-alcohol related fatty liver disease: a network meta-analysis Full Text available with Trip Pro

and not suitable for screening the general population. Description of the intervention Various interventions have been tried in the treatment of people with NAFLD. This review will examine lifestyle modifications such as dietary changes and/or increased physical activity ( ; ; ; ) (the focus of the present systematic review). Other interventions not included in this review include nutritional supplementation (probiotics, prebiotics, synbiotics, vitamin supplementation, polyunsaturated fatty acid (...) Lifestyle modifications for non-alcohol related fatty liver disease: a network meta-analysis Lifestyle modifications for non‐alcohol related fatty liver disease: a network meta‐analysis - Gurusamy, KS - 2018 | Cochrane Library Cookies Our site uses cookies to improve your experience. You can find out more about our use of cookies in About Cookies, including instructions on how to turn off cookies if you wish to do so. By continuing to browse this site you agree to us using cookies as described

2018 Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

25. Knowledge, attitude and practice among Malaysian medical students, doctors, other health professionals and common people regarding antibiotic use, prescribing and resistance: A systematic review Full Text available with Trip Pro

that there is a gap between theoretical and practical input regarding antibiotic prescribing. Although medical officers and general physician knowledge level was good, but actual real-life attitude and practice cannot be assessed because of the study design. Common people had a lot of misunderstanding regarding antibiotic use and AMR. All these studies incorporated suggested that further educational intervention is warranted to promote prudent use of antibiotic and prevent AMR. This review similarly advocates (...) was better than others. One study clearly denoted that there is a gap between theoretical and practical input regarding antibiotic prescribing. Although medical officers and general physician knowledge level was good, but actual real-life attitude and practice cannot be assessed because of the study design. Common people had a lot of misunderstanding regarding antibiotic use and AMR. All these studies incorporated suggested that further educational intervention is warranted to promote prudent use

2019 Advances in Human Biology

26. Gynecological Conditions: Periodic Screening With the Pelvic Examination

examination. No studies were identified that evaluated the benefit of screening with pelvic examination on all-cause mortality, disease-specific morbidity or mortality, or quality of life. Harms of Screening The USPSTF found inadequate evidence on the harms of screening for a range of gynecologic conditions with pelvic examination. A few studies reported on false-positive rates for ovarian cancer, ranging from 1.2% to 8.6%, and false-negative rates, ranging from 0% to 100%. Among women who had abnormal (...) to detect conditions other than ovarian cancer, bacterial vaginosis, genital herpes, and trichomoniasis are lacking. Studies reporting on the harms of screening with pelvic examination (including quantified psychological harms) in asymptomatic women in primary care are also lacking. Studies reporting the effects of performing routine screening pelvic examinations on health outcomes such as all-cause mortality, disease-specific morbidity and mortality, quality of life, and psychological benefits

2017 U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

27. A Systematic Review on Age 11-16 Ethnic Minority Students’ Attitudes Toward Science and Aspirations for Science Careers Full Text available with Trip Pro

/ejes.v5no4a1 Abstract Ethnic minority students have long been underrepresented in the field of science due to social, cultural and economic factors. Understanding how their attitudes toward science and aspirations for science careers formed and developed during secondary educational level is critical to support them live their full potential for science. Numerous studies have been conduced on this topic, however a systematic examination of these studies is lacking. This research is a systematic literature (...) of them showed the lack of aspirations for continuing studying science and pursuing science careers (Tai et al., 2006). At the same time, external factors such as limited support from families, relatively low socio-economic status and low educational attainment kept them “opting out” the educational pipeline of science even if they aspired for a science career (DeWitt et al., 2011). Thus, it is important to examine ethnic minority students’ attitudes toward science and their aspiration for science

2018 The European Journal of Educational Sciences

28. Examining the support needs of older male spousal caregivers of people with a long‐term condition: A systematic review of the literature Full Text available with Trip Pro

Examining the support needs of older male spousal caregivers of people with a long‐term condition: A systematic review of the literature Examining the support needs of older male spousal caregivers of people with a long‐term condition: A systematic review of the literature - Fee - 2020 - International Journal of Older People Nursing - Wiley Online Library Working off-campus? Learn about our By continuing to browse this site, you agree to its use of cookies as described in our . Search within (...) Search term Search term ORIGINAL ARTICLE Open Access Examining the support needs of older male spousal caregivers of people with a long‐term condition: A systematic review of the literature Corresponding Author Research Associate School of Nursing and Institute of Nursing and Health Research, Ulster University, Newtownabbey, UK Correspondence Anne Fee, School of Nursing and Institute of Nursing and Health Research, Ulster University, Shore Road, Newtownabbey BT37 0QB, UK. Email: Professor School

2020 International journal of older people nursing

29. A meta-analysis of client-therapist perspectives on the therapeutic alliance: Examining the moderating role of type of measurement and diagnosis Full Text available with Trip Pro

that assesses TA. Methods Literature search A systematic literature search was performed in accordance with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses (PRISMA) guidelines [ ]. The literature search was conducted on the PsycINFO, PubMed, and Google Scholar databases for studies appearing between January 2006 and December 2018. The current meta-analysis continued and extended the previous examination of client-therapist congruence [ ]; as such, we included studies published after (...) : associations with attachment styles . J Couns Psychol . 2019 ; 66 ( 1 ): 83 – 93 . Tryon , GS , Blackwell , SC , F , E A meta-analytic examination of client–therapist perspectives of the working alliance . Psychother Res . 2007 ; 17 : 629 –42. doi: 10.1080/10503300701320611 . Kessler , RC , Barker , PR , Colpe , LJ , Epstein , JF , Gfroerer , JC , Hiripi , E , et al. Screening for serious mental illness in the general population . Arch Gen Psychiatry . 2003 ; 60 ( 2 ): 184 –89. Fortuna , KL , Ferron , J

2020 European Psychiatry

30. Appearance, Behavior and Attitude Exam

Appearance, Behavior and Attitude Exam Appearance, Behavior and Attitude Exam Aka: Appearance, Behavior and Attitude Exam , Personal Appearance , Observable Behavior , Observable Attitude II. Exam Appearance Clothing and grooming Old or young appearing Healthy or sickly appearing Angry, puzzled, frightened, anxious, contemptuous, apathetic Effeminate or masculine Behavior Mannerisms, gestures, twitches, picking, hand wringing Combative Psychomotor retardation Clumsy Attitude toward examiner Coperative (...) Appearance, Behavior and Attitude Exam Appearance, Behavior and Attitude Exam Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4

2015 FP Notebook

31. Skin cancer history, sun-related attitudes, behaviour and sunburn among renal transplant recipients versus general population. (Abstract)

Skin cancer history, sun-related attitudes, behaviour and sunburn among renal transplant recipients versus general population. Renal transplant recipients (RTR) have both an excessive skin cancer incidence and a high mortality rate. In Australia RTR receive extensive public education on skin cancer and many undergo further education pre/post-transplant. This study examines whether RTR have sufficiently rigorous sun protection behaviour compared with the general population.Altogether 179 RTR (...) on the weekend prior to interview than the residents surveyed. For example, for 2006-2007 and 2010-2011, the odds ratio and confidence intervals (CI 95%) were respectively: used sunscreen: 2.0 (1.1-3.8) and 2.8 (1.4-5.3); wore a long-sleeved top: 4.5 (2.4-8.5) and 3.6 (1.9-7.0). RTR sunburn prevalence (5%) appeared similar to that of residents (odds ratios comparing 2006-2007 and 2010-2011 0.6 [95% CI, 0.2-1.6] and 0.7 [95% CI, 0.3-1.9]). Despite generally good sun protection behaviour, many RTR (47%) had

2017 Australasian Journal of Dermatology

32. Knowledge and attitudes of UK university students in relation to ultraviolet radiation (UVR) exposure and their sun-related behaviours: a qualitative study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Knowledge and attitudes of UK university students in relation to ultraviolet radiation (UVR) exposure and their sun-related behaviours: a qualitative study. To explore whether knowledge about the harms of ultraviolet radiation (UVR) influences UK university students' sun-related behaviours and examine in depth their attitudes towards: sun protection, natural and artificial tanning behaviours.Qualitative methodology with 15 semistructured, individual interviews. Thematic analysis using (...) ) internal influences. All students knew the associated skin cancer risks from the sun and sunbed use, but this did not appear an important influence in their sun-related behaviours. Body image strongly motivated sun-protection practices and the desire to tan naturally or artificially, across both genders. However, participants' final decision-making appeared to be influenced by their beliefs that practising known harmful sun-related behaviours would not affect them or the perceived susceptibility

2017 BMJ open

33. Mental health, men and culture: how do sociocultural constructions of masculinities relate to men’s mental health help-seeking behaviour in the WHO European Region?

in line with the Strategy on Women's Health and Well-being in the WHO European Region (resolution EUR/RC66/R8) and the Strategy on the Health and Well-being of Men in the WHO European Region. The overall objectives of the programme are to accelerate progress on health and well-being across the life-course through a gender and rights approach and reduce gender inequities and inequalities in health. Insights Unit The Insights Unit at the WHO Regional Office for Europe investigates behavioural (...) sociocultural constructions of masculinities relate to men’s mental health help-seeking behaviour in the WHO European Region? Brendan Gough | Irina NovikovaAbstract Men are less likely than women to seek help for mental health issues and are much more likely to commit suicide. This scoping review examined recent evidence published in English and Russian on the role of socially constructed masculinity norms in men’s help-seeking behaviour for mental health issues. The key sociocultural barriers to men’s help

2020 WHO Health Evidence Network

34. Rapid Review: What are best practices for risk communication and strategies to mitigate risk behaviours?

studies included that examined active components and mechanisms of action of interventions that aimed to improve public awareness and behaviors regarding antimicrobial resistance. The most common behaviour change techniques focused on education about consequences and instructions for performing antimicrobial resistance- related behaviors by a credible source. Successful interventions included more behaviour change techniques, including promoting beliefs regarding capability, behavior reinforcement (...) of an intervention increased, behavioral impacts and intervention adherence decreased. Goal- oriented interventions, using multiple behaviour change components, and providing normative pressure appeared to be most effective. Moderate Not reported Please note that this information is not available in both official languages because the source of the information is not subject to the Official Languages Act. October 8, 2020 14 Table 2: Single Studies Reference Date Released Study Design Country Summary of findings

2020 COVID-19 Rapid Evidence Service

35. Healthcare students' knowledge, attitude and perception of pharmacovigilance: A systematic review Full Text available with Trip Pro

. Of these, twenty-two studies met the inclusion criteria and included in the final review ( ). General characteristics of included studies The characteristics of the included studies are displayed in . Studies that evaluated pharmacovigilance knowledge, attitude or perception of healthcare students started to appear since 2011. The majority of the included studies involved pharmacy students [ – ], while few studies specifically focused on healthcare students [ – ], nursing students [ ], and dental students (...) [ , ]. The total number of included studies was twenty-nine, with sample sizes ranging from 30 to 874. Response rates across the studies varied from 24% to 100%. Twenty-seven studies examined the Pharmacovigilance knowledge [ – ], twelve studies evaluated attitudes towards pharmacovigilance [ , , – , – , , , ], and fourteen studies measured the perception of pharmacovigilance [ – , , , – , – , , ]. Around 50% of the included studies (n = 15) were pilot tested among the students that were not included

2020 PloS one

36. Attitudes towards Interprofessional education in the medical curriculum: a systematic review of the literature Full Text available with Trip Pro

[ ], and IPE has repeatedly been called for, so that healthcare students can enter the workforce as effective collaborators [ , , ]. A growing amount of empirical work shows that IPE can have a beneficial impact on learners’ attitudes, knowledge, skills, and behaviours (the so-called collaborative competencies) [ , ], and can positively affect professional practice and patient outcomes [ , ]. IPE may enhance attitudes toward teamwork and collaboration, leading to improved patient care upon graduation (...) ) [ , , , , , , , , , , , , ] showed a significant increase in positive attitudes towards IP after the interventions. Nine studies (39%) showed no significant changes in medical students’ attitudes towards IPE [ , , , , , , , , ], while one demonstrated an increase in negative attitudes towards IPE after the intervention [ ]. In years 1 and 2 IPE interventions appear longer in duration. Late IPE interventions show a trend to be longer and more statistically significant (Fig. ). The sample size is too low for further comparisons

2020 BMC medical education

37. A Systematic Review of Attitudes, Anxiety, Acceptance, and Trust Towards Social Robots Full Text available with Trip Pro

in this article, attitudes toward robots appear mixed, likely depend on the setting and question asked, and in some cases are somewhat divorced from reality (e.g., there is evidence that attitudes are based on science-fiction, rather than objective reality; [ ]). While attitudes do not consistently predict behaviour, they are thought to influence people’s behavioural intentions [ ] and therefore may predict the uptake and use of robots alongside other variables such as anxiety, trust, and intention to use (...) and engage with robots. An improved understanding of people’s attitudes toward robots should therefore help to inform future research, development, and deployment of robotics in various domains of public and private life. The present review focuses on social robots, due to their increasing use in various settings such as healthcare, entertainment, and customer service [ , , ]. While the idea of robots that can interact socially with people has been around for some time, their use has been relatively

2020 International journal of social robotics

38. Objective structured clinical examination in physiotherapy teaching: a systematic review Full Text available with Trip Pro

Objective structured clinical examination in physiotherapy teaching: a systematic review Objective structured clinical examination in physiotherapy teaching: a systematic review Services on Demand Journal Article Indicators Cited by SciELO Related links Similars in SciELO Share On-line version ISSN 1980-5918 Fisioter. mov. vol.32 Curitiba 2019 Epub May 30, 2019 REVIEW ARTICLES Objective structured clinical examination in physiotherapy teaching: a systematic review Exame clínico objetivo (...) of professional education. However, it requires pedagogical preparation and examiners’ previous experience. It is preferable to use narrow response, e.g. correct or incorrect. Davies et al., (2015) Telephone interview to determine which physiotherapy courses used OSCE and to collect data about the methodology employed: number of stations, time spent in each station, type of examiner, and evaluation methods/scales. It also included questions regarding professional behavior, criteria and classification

2019 Fisioterapia em Movimento

39. Conceptualizing Lifestyle and Routine Activities in the Early 21st Century: A Systematic Review of Self-Report Measures in Studies on Direct-Contact Offenses in Young Populations Full Text available with Trip Pro

constitutes a step toward a more precise examination of risky activities. Measuring Lifestyle and Routine Activities Since routine activities are essential for both lifestyle-exposure theory and routine activities theory, L-RAT research requires measures that capture daily life in an appropriate way. However, aware of their reliance on data not collected for their theoretical propositions, highlighted the preliminary nature of lifestyle-exposure theory. More specifically, , ) argued for the use of more (...) and distribution of the work without further permission provided the original work is attributed as specified on the SAGE and Open Access page ( ). Abstract Criticism is commonly directed at research based on lifestyle-exposure theory and routine activity theory for the use of imprecise measures. To examine this issue further, this systematic review maps activities used as indicators of lifestyle and routine activities in studies on direct-contact crime among young individuals (mean age of 24 or younger

2020 Crime & Delinquency

40. Smoking and infertility: a committee opinion

Smoking and infertility: a committee opinion Smoking and infertility: a committee opinion Practice Committee of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine American Society for Reproductive Medicine, Birmingham, Alabama Approximately 21% of women of reproductive age and 22% of men of reproductive age in the United States smoke cigarettes. Substantialharmfuleffectsofcigarettesmokeonfecundityandreproductionhavebecomeapparentbutarenotgenerallyappreciated. This committee opinion reviews (...) of smoking on male fertility have been dif?cult to assess due to the confounding effect of the partner's smoking habits and fecundity (6, 21–23, 45). MutagenicPotential Gametogenesis appears to be vulnerable to damage from tobacco smoke (46). Both chromosomal and DNA damage to human germ cells may result from tobacco smoke exposure (47). The proportion of diploid oocytes in the ovary increases with the number of cigarettes smoked per day (P<.0003), an observation suggesting that smoking may disrupt

2018 Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology

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