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Appearance, Behavior and Attitude Exam

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181. What is Behind Counterproductive Work Behaviors in the Nursing Profession? A Systematic Review Full Text available with Trip Pro

What is Behind Counterproductive Work Behaviors in the Nursing Profession? A Systematic Review What is Behind Counterproductive Work Behaviors in the Nursing Profession? A Systematic Review Francesco Zaghini 1,2* , Roberta Fida 3 , Rosario Caruso 2,4 , Mari Kangasniemi 5 and Alessandro Sili 1 1 Policlinico Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy 2 Department of Biomedicine and Prevention, University Tor Vergata of Rome, Italy 3 Organisational Behaviour, Norwich Business School, University of East Anglia (...) , research with the aim of understanding the reasons why nurses perform these behaviors is lacking. However, it is easy to conceive how important the understanding of the dynamics of CWB is, since nurses’ behaviors could damage patients. In our opinion, investigations on the factors underpinning CWB are critical for developing preventive strategies. Objective The objective of this systematic review is to identify and describe the antecedents in the nursing profession that push workers

2016 Journal of clinical research & bioethics

182. Parent–Adolescent Sexual Communication and Adolescents’ Sexual Behaviors: A Conceptual Model and Systematic Review Full Text available with Trip Pro

access to condoms and the knowledge of how condoms work. These external variables are acknowledged theoretically as an important determinant of adolescents’ sexual behaviors, though they are not examined in the review. Instead, the review focuses specifically on the aforementioned mediated pathways through social cognitions (attitudes, perceived norms, and self-efficacy) to sexual intentions and/or behaviors. Communication Characteristics that Modify the Effectiveness of Parent–Adolescent Sexual (...) , perceived norms, and/or self-efficacy. Also included were studies that modeled relations between parent–adolescent sexual communication and one of the social cognitive mechanisms (representing the first part of a mediated process). Studies that examined direct associations between parent–adolescent sexual communication and intentions/behaviors were excluded, as such were beyond the scope of the review. Second, and related to the first criterion, studies had to operationalize sexual cognitions (attitudes

2016 Adolescent research review

183. “CDC whistleblower” William Thompson appears to have turned antivaccine

argue that it should be out of the other vaccines outside of the US." It's time to take the gloves off when discussing this "CDC whistleblower." William Thompson has become antivaccine. As difficult as that is to accept, it's hard to come to any other conclusion, given his behavior. As a result, I'm starting to drift closer to the position of antivaccinationists on this, but for a different reason. I now want an investigation, if only to get Thompson's butt on the stand for some cross-examination (...) . to post comments By TGuerrant (not verified) on 05 Aug 2015 to post comments By Denice Walter (not verified) on 05 Aug 2015 Poor commenter is also going to be disappointed: In her Autism One presentation, Patti Finn appeared to emphasize that the petition to the Supreme Court in Philips vs. City of New York rests on the issue of due process. It would seem to be a slam-dunk, since the Fifth Amendment clearly states that "No person shall be . . . deprived of life . . .without due process of law

2015 Respectful Insolence

184. Predictors of orthorexic behaviours in patients with eating disorders: a preliminary study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

recruited. Patients' assessment included the following: the ORTO-15 test (Polish version) for orthorexic behaviours; the Eating Attitude Test-26 (EAT-26) to identify ED symptoms; the Multidimensional Body-Self Relations Questionnaire (Polish version) to assess body image.A latent class analysis was performed and differences between identified classes were assessed. The main differences concerned weight, ED pathology and orthorexic behaviours within the same group of ED patients. In order to examine (...) predictors of orthorexia nervosa, we investigated a structural equation model, which excellently fitted to the data (χ(2)(17) = 23.05; p = .148; CFI = .962; RMSEA = .08; p = .25; SRMR = .05). In ED patients, orthorexic behaviour was negatively predicted by eating pathology, weight concern, health orientation and appearance orientation.The assessment of the orthorexia construct in EDs may add to the paucity of studies about this issue and may help to clarify the relationship between the two. Differences

2015 BMC Psychiatry

185. The school environment and adolescent physical activity and sedentary behaviour: a mixed-studies systematic review Full Text available with Trip Pro

, these interventions have not been successful for adolescent populations . A general criticism directed at many school‐based interventions is the lack of attention paid to the role of the wider school environment . A growing body of research suggests that human behaviour is not only driven by deliberation (e.g. knowledge, attitudes and beliefs) but can also be automatic, cued by environmental stimuli . These environmental factors may be physical (e.g. physical structures and facilities), social (e.g. social (...) behaviours . A recent Cochrane review examined the evidence for the ‘health promoting schools’ (HPS) framework, which combines (a) the school's social and physical environment, (b) health education within the formal school curriculum and (c) links with families and the wider community. On the whole, an HPS approach demonstrated effectiveness for physical activity promotion. However, limited conclusions can be drawn regarding the specific role of the school environment as interventions combined

2015 Obesity Reviews

186. A Q-methodology study of flare help-seeking behaviours and different experiences of daily life in rheumatoid arthritis. Full Text available with Trip Pro

A Q-methodology study of flare help-seeking behaviours and different experiences of daily life in rheumatoid arthritis. Previous studies have not addressed rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients' help-seeking behaviours for RA flares, and only one small qualitative study has addressed how patients experience daily life on current treatment regimes. Thus, this study aims to identify clusters of opinion related to RA patients' experiences of daily life on current treatments, and their help-seeking (...) behaviours for RA flares.Using Q-methodology (a methodology using qualitative and quantitative methods to sort people according to subjective experience), two separate studies were conducted with the same sample of RA patients (mean age 55, 73% female). Thirty participants sorted 39 statements about daily life (Q-study 1) and 29 participants separately sorted 23 statements about flare help-seeking (Q-study 2). Data were examined using Q-factor analysis.Daily life with RA (Q-study 1): Three factors

2014 BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders

187. Self?control interventions for children under age 10 for improving self?control and delinquency and problem behaviors Full Text available with Trip Pro

is consistent with Gottfredson and Hirschi, is such that self‐control appears malleable during the first 10/12 years of life, but after this point, while self‐control tends to improve with age as socialization continues to occur, it is largely unresponsive to any external intervention effort. Thus, although absolute levels of self‐control may change within persons (increasing rather than decreasing), relative rankings between persons will remain constant over the life course. As they (1990, pp.107–108) note (...) differences in self‐control are established early in life (before differences in criminal behavior, however the state defines it, are possible) and are reasonably stable thereafter.” The existing research on the stability of self‐control tends to suggest that it is not absolutely stable within persons (once established by ages 10/12) and that it tends to change (increase) with age ( ; ; ; ; ), but remains relatively impervious to alterations by the criminal justice system after adolescence

2010 Campbell Collaboration

188. Mental Status Exam

Patient must be able to understand questions and communicate answers VI. Protocol Interview patient alone, and then again with family Full Mental State Exam evaluates 11 criteria VII. Exam: General Approach (components) ( , ) ( , , , , ) ( , , ) VIII. Exam: General appearance, behavior and attitude See Appearance Clothing and grooming Old or young appearing Healthy or sickly appearing Angry, puzzled, frightened, anxious, contemptuous, apathetic, paranoid Effeminate or masculine Scars or s Grooming (...) or hygiene Behavior Mannerisms, gestures, twitches, picking Hand wringing or other Combative, hostile, guarded or irritable Rapid or pressured speech Candid, congenial or cooperative Psychomotor retardation, to , withdrawn or shy Clumsy Eye contact (fleeting, good, sporadic or none) Attitude toward examiner Cooperative or hostile Defensive, seductive, evasive, ingratiating Interpretation Psychotic: Disheveled, odd, grimacing Schizophrenic: Stare or blank look Paranoid: Agitated or hostile Depressed

2015 FP Notebook

189. Dutch Young Adults Ratings of Behavior Change Techniques Applied in Mobile Phone Apps to Promote Physical Activity: A Cross-Sectional Survey Full Text available with Trip Pro

Dutch Young Adults Ratings of Behavior Change Techniques Applied in Mobile Phone Apps to Promote Physical Activity: A Cross-Sectional Survey Interventions delivered through new device technology, including mobile phone apps, appear to be an effective method to reach young adults. Previous research indicates that self-efficacy and social support for physical activity and self-regulation behavior change techniques (BCT), such as goal setting, feedback, and self-monitoring, are important (...) for promoting physical activity; however, little is known about evaluations by the target population of BCTs applied to physical activity apps and whether these preferences are associated with individual personality characteristics.This study aimed to explore young adults' opinions regarding BCTs (including self-regulation techniques) applied in mobile phone physical activity apps, and to examine associations between personality characteristics and ratings of BCTs applied in physical activity apps.We

2015 JMIR mHealth and uHealth

190. Children s Growth and Behavior Study

: - To understand how genes and environment influence eating behavior and health over time. Eligibility: - Children ages 8 17 in good general health. Design: Screening visit 1: Medical history, physical exam, body measurements, and questions. 14 days: Participants will wear a wrist monitor and answer smartphone prompts about eating and mood. They may give a stool sample. Screening visit 2: Body measurements. Saliva, urine, and blood samples. Heart tests. Meals provided (after fasting overnight). Questionnaires (...) and interview. Behavior, thinking, and exercise tests. X-ray of left wrist and full body. Some parents may have medical history, physical exam, and questions at screening visits. They may answer questions at the yearly visits. Participants will have up to 6 yearly visits. They will give a urine sample and body measurements, and repeat the X-rays. They will have questions and behavior and thinking tasks. They may give stool samples. Visits will range from 3 to 8 hours. Participants may choose

2015 Clinical Trials

191. Self-injurious thoughts and behaviors as risk factors for future suicide ideation, attempts, and death: a meta-analysis of longitudinal studies Full Text available with Trip Pro

increase in the likelihood of future suicidal behavior (Dahlsgaard et al. ; Soloff & Chiappetta, ; Chan et al. ); however, many others have failed to find any effect (Valtonen et al. ; Soloff & Fabio, ; Dennehy et al. ). Similar discrepancies exist in the literature examining the effects of exposure to others’ SITBs (Lewinsohn et al. ; Swanson & Colman, ), raising questions about suicide contagion and clustering as well as best practices for postvention. Given all of these inconsistencies (...) that were not specific to suicidal SITBs [e.g. deliberate self-harm (i.e. self-directed injury with or without suicidal intent), parasuicide (i.e. self-directed injury with unclear suicidal intent), etc.] were not examined as outcome variables. Second, we were interested in understanding the specificity of effects on discrete suicide outcomes. As such, we required that outcome variables did not combine discrete forms of suicidal thoughts and behaviors. Of note, however, these variables (e.g. combined

2015 Psychological Medicine

192. Association between body mass index and suicidal behaviors: a systematic review protocol Full Text available with Trip Pro

Psychiatry. 1997;170(3):205–28. 4. Mann JJ. Neurobiology of suicidal behaviour. Nat Rev Neurosci. 2003;4(10):819–28. 5. Moscicki EK. Epidemiology of suicidal behavior. Suicide Life Threat Behav. 1995;25(1):22–35. 6. Brown GK, Beck AT, Steer RA, Grisham JR. Risk factors for suicide in psychiatric outpatients: a 20-year prospective study. J Consult Clin Psychol. 2000;68(3):371. 7. Hoven CW, Mandell DJ, Bertolote JM. Prevention of mental ill-health and suicide: public health perspectives. European (...) risk factors. A previous suicide attempt is considered a significant predictor of completed suicide in the general population [ , ]. Attempted suicide occurs 10 to 20 times more frequently than completed suicide [ ]. Suicidal behaviors entail a complex set of ideas, thoughts, plans, and actions, which imply intention to end one’s life [ ]. There are several well-established risk factors that collectively affect an individual’s vulnerability to suicidal behavior, including psychiatric and substance

2015 Systematic reviews

193. Weight misperception and its association with dieting methods and eating behaviors in South Korean adolescents Full Text available with Trip Pro

school. DEB was measured with the Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26) and those who scored ≥ 20 on the EAT-26 were considered to have eating disorder. Logistic regressions were conducted to examine the association between weight misperception based on self-reported weight status and dieting method and eating behaviors.The proportion of weight underestimation was 23.5% and that of overestimation was 24.0%. Weight overestimating girls were more likely to engage in various unhealthy dieting practices (...) (OR = 1.69 for fasting; OR = 1.88 for laxative or diuretic use; OR = 2.05 for self-induced vomiting after meals; P < 0.05). Moreover, there was a strong association between overestimation and undesirable eating behaviors, especially among girls, e.g.: having breakfast (OR = 0.85), high consumption of fast foods (OR = 1.28) and regular sodas (OR = 1.39), but not among boys. In both genders, weight overestimation appears to be a major risk factor for DEB (OR = 1.34 for boys and OR = 1.41 for girls; P

2014 Nutrition research and practice

194. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia Outcomes in Women After Primary Breast Cancer Treatment: A Randomized, Controlled Trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia Outcomes in Women After Primary Breast Cancer Treatment: A Randomized, Controlled Trial. To examine the effect of cognitive-behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBTI) on sleep improvement, daytime symptoms, and quality of life (QOL) in breast cancer survivors (BCSs) after cancer treatment.A prospective, longitudinal, randomized, controlled trial.Oncology clinics, breast cancer support groups, and communities in Colorado.56 middle-aged BCSs with chronic (...) attitudes or knowledge.Sleep efficiency and latency improved more in the CBTI group than the BPT group; this difference was maintained during follow-up. Women in the CBTI group had less subjective insomnia, greater improvements in physical and cognitive functioning, positive sleep attitudes, and increased sleep hygiene knowledge. No group differences in improvement were noted relative to QOL, fatigue, or mood.Nurse-delivered CBTI appears to be beneficial for BCSs' sleep latency/efficiency, insomnia

2014 Oncology nursing forum Controlled trial quality: predicted high

195. Medical Examination of the Rape Victim

of the attack (eg, which orifices were penetrated, whether ejaculation occurred or a condom was used) Assailant’s use of aggression, threats, weapons, and violent behavior Description of the assailant Many rape forms include most or all of these questions (see Table: ). The patient should be told why questions are being asked (eg, information about contraceptive use helps determine risk of pregnancy after rape; information about previous coitus helps determine validity of sperm testing). The examination (...) team can provide referrals for medical, psychologic, and legal support services. Most physical injuries are minor and are treated conservatively. Vaginal lacerations may require surgical repair. Psychologic support Sometimes examiners can use commonsense measures (eg, reassurance, general support, nonjudgmental attitude) to relieve strong emotions of guilt or anxiety. Possible psychologic and social effects are explained, and the patient is introduced to a specialist trained in rape crisis

2013 Merck Manual (19th Edition)

196. Study to Compare the Efficacy of Cognitive-behavioral Couple Therapy and Lidocaine for Provoked Vestibulodynia

%. Despite its negative impact on psychosexual and relationship satisfaction, there is little research examining empirically-tested treatments for afflicted couples. The proposed research builds on findings from our work focusing on the impact of relational factors on vulvodynia, and our previous research evaluating the efficacy of group cognitive-behavioral therapy for this problem. This two-centre randomized clinical trial aims to assess the efficacy of a novel, 12-week targeted couple therapy (CBCT (...) ' sexuality (sexual function and satisfaction), psychological adjustment (anxiety, depression, catastrophizing, self-efficacy, attributions, and quality of life), relationship factors (partner responses, couple satisfaction, attachment, and communication styles), and self-reported improvement and treatment satisfaction. Results of this study will improve the health and quality of life of patients with vulvodynia by rigorously testing the efficacy of a novel couples treatment. Condition or disease

2013 Clinical Trials

197. Cognitive Change across Cognitive-Behavioral and Light Therapy Treatments for Seasonal Affective Disorder: What Accounts for Clinical Status the Next Winter? Full Text available with Trip Pro

-behavioral therapy, a greater degree of improvement in dysfunctional attitudes and automatic thoughts was uniquely associated with less severe depressive symptoms the next winter. Change in maladaptive thoughts during acute treatment appears mechanistic of solo cognitive-behavioral therapy's enduring effects the next winter, but is simply a consequence of diminished depression in light therapy and combination treatment. (...) Cognitive Change across Cognitive-Behavioral and Light Therapy Treatments for Seasonal Affective Disorder: What Accounts for Clinical Status the Next Winter? Efficacious treatments for seasonal affective disorder include light therapy and a seasonal affective disorder-tailored form of cognitive-behavioral therapy. Using data from a parent clinical trial, these secondary analyses examined the relationship between cognitive change over treatment with cognitive-behavioral therapy, light therapy

2013 Cognitive therapy and research Controlled trial quality: uncertain

198. THE BEHAVIOR OF BACILLUS LEPRÆ IN COLD-BLOODED ANIMALS Full Text available with Trip Pro

THE BEHAVIOR OF BACILLUS LEPRÆ IN COLD-BLOODED ANIMALS Before proceeding to a discussion of the experiments upon cold-blooded animals, it is necessary to review briefly some of the work recently done with the bacillus of leprosy. The appearance of the bacillus in man and its behavior under artificial cultivation, and in the tissues of lower animals, should be considered in order that comparisons may be drawn. In their studies with the organism under cultivation, Duval and Gurd pointed out (...) degenerates into a granular mass shortly after inoculation; in others that are less refractory, typical lesions appear, but they seldom extend from the point of inoculation; and while the bacilli multiply slowly, they do not infiltrate the tissues, but disappear after a short time, the lesions healing. That multiplication of Bacillus leprae occurs in the tissues of cold-blooded animals is shown by the fact that while animals examined a few days after inoculation show but a few scattered organisms, those

1911 The Journal of experimental medicine

199. Computers in the examination room and the electronic health record: physicians' perceived impact on clinical encounters before and after full installation and implementation. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Computers in the examination room and the electronic health record: physicians' perceived impact on clinical encounters before and after full installation and implementation. We compared physicians' self-reported attitudes and behaviours regarding electronic health record (EHR) use before and after installation of computers in patient examination rooms and transition to full implementation of an EHR in a family medicine training practice to identify anticipated and observed effects (...) reported a greater teaching role with patients and sharing online medical information and treatment plan decisions.Before computer installation and full EHR implementation, physicians expressed concerns about the impact of computer use on patient care. After installation and implementation, however, many concerns were mitigated. Using computers in the examination rooms to document and access patients' records along with online medical information and decision-making tools appears to contribute

2012 Family Practice

200. Health professionalsʼ experiences with older adults affected by the trauma of their childhood sexual abuse: a systematic review of text and expert opinion. Full Text available with Trip Pro

is to the child's developing capacities for trust, intimacy, agency and sexuality” and that later mental health problems arise from these developmental wounds. Lamont says that “one adverse outcome may lead to another” ; substance abuse may lead to risky sexual behaviour, and both may result in physical health problems. The abused child also has an increased risk of re-victimisation throughout their life. Mouzos and Makkai say that the risk of suffering sexual violence doubles for women who were sexually abused (...) The professional interaction between the health professional and the older person can occur in any setting. The older person can also be residing in the community or in a residential aged care facility or other institutional setting. Types of Studies The textual evidence to be considered will include expert opinions, comments, assumptions or assertions, discussion papers, position papers and case studies that appear in journals, magazines, monographs, reports and government publications including government

2011 JBI database of systematic reviews and implementation reports

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