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Aphasia

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3641. Left ventricular apical thrombus after systemic thrombolysis with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator in a patient with acute ischemic stroke Full Text available with Trip Pro

developed an acute global aphasia and right-sided hemiparesis. Cranial CT was normal and systemic thrombolytic therapy with tPA was started 120 minutes after symptom onset. Low-dose subcutaneous heparin treatment was initiated 24 hours later. Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) 12 hours after admission showed slightly reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) but was otherwise normal. 48 hours later the patient suddenly deteriorated with clinical signs of dyspnea and tachycardia. TTE revelead

2005 Cardiovascular ultrasound

3642. Language and Dementia: Neuropsychological Aspects Full Text available with Trip Pro

Language and Dementia: Neuropsychological Aspects This article reviews recent evidence for the relationship between extralinguistic cognitive and language abilities in dementia. A survey of data from investigations of three dementia syndromes (Alzheimer's disease, semantic dementia and progressive nonfluent aphasia) reveals that, more often than not, deterioration of conceptual organization appears associated with lexical impairments, whereas impairments in executive function are associated

2008 Annual review of applied linguistics

3643. Discourse Impairments Following Right Hemisphere Brain Damage: A Critical Review Full Text available with Trip Pro

Discourse Impairments Following Right Hemisphere Brain Damage: A Critical Review Right hemisphere brain damage (RHD) rarely causes aphasias marked by clear and widespread failures of comprehension or extreme difficulty producing fluent speech. Nonetheless, subtle language comprehension deficits can occur following unilateral RHD. In this article, we review the empirical record on discourse function following right hemisphere damage, as well as relevant work on non-brain damaged individuals

2008 Language and linguistics compass

3644. Intra-operative real time intracranial subarachnoid haemorrhage during glial tumour resection: A case report Full Text available with Trip Pro

Intra-operative real time intracranial subarachnoid haemorrhage during glial tumour resection: A case report Glial tumours associated with subarachnoid haemorrhage are very rare. A 64-year-old woman admitted with a history of 3 weeks seizures and a left sided hemiparesis and dysphasia. The magnetic resonance disclosed heterogeneously enhancing a right temporal mass. During surgery, suddenly an abrupt and extensive swelling had occurred both in tumour and the brain tissue. The surgery

2008 Cases journal

3645. Bilateral Capacity for Speech Sound Processing in Auditory Comprehension: Evidence from Wada Procedures Full Text available with Trip Pro

Bilateral Capacity for Speech Sound Processing in Auditory Comprehension: Evidence from Wada Procedures Data from lesion studies suggest that the ability to perceive speech sounds, as measured by auditory comprehension tasks, is supported by temporal lobe systems in both the left and right hemisphere. For example, patients with left temporal lobe damage and auditory comprehension deficits (i.e., Wernicke's aphasics), nonetheless comprehend isolated words better than one would expect

2008 Brain and language

3646. Combining Treatment for Written and Spoken Naming Full Text available with Trip Pro

to as Copy and Recall Treatment (CART) with verbal repetition of target words. This approach (CART + Repetition) was compared with treatment using verbal repetition without the inclusion of orthographic training (Repetition Only). Two individuals with moderate aphasia and severe impairment of spelling participated in the study using a multiple baseline design across stimulus sets and treatment conditions. Both participants improved spelling of targeted words as well as spoken naming of those items

2006 Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society : JINS

3647. Temporal Characteristics of Semantic Perseverations Induced by Blocked-Cyclic Picture Naming Full Text available with Trip Pro

Temporal Characteristics of Semantic Perseverations Induced by Blocked-Cyclic Picture Naming When unimpaired participants name pictures quickly, they produce many perseverations that bear a semantic relation to the target, especially when the pictures are blocked by category. Evidence suggests that the temporal properties of these "semantic perseverations" may differ from typical lexical perseverations in aphasia. To explore this, we studied semantic perseverations generated by participants (...) with aphasia on a naming task with semantic blocking [Schnur, T. T., Schwartz, M. F., Brecher, A., & Hodgson, C. (2006). Semantic interference during blocked-cyclic naming: Evidence from aphasia. Journal of Memory and Language, 54, 199-227]. The properties of these perseverations were investigated by analyzing how often they occurred at each lag (distance from prior occurrence) and how time (response-stimulus interval) influenced the lag function. Chance data sets were created by re-shuffling stimulus

2009 Brain and language

3648. Argument structure effects in action verb naming in static and dynamic conditions Full Text available with Trip Pro

Argument structure effects in action verb naming in static and dynamic conditions Argument structure, as in the participant roles entailed within the lexical representation of verbs, affects verb processing. Recent neuroimaging studies show that when verbs are heard or read, the posterior temporoparietal region shows increased activation for verbs with greater versus lesser argument structure complexity, usually bilaterally. In addition, patients with agrammatic aphasia show verb production

2009 Journal of neurolinguistics

3649. Complexity in the Treatment of Naming Deficits Full Text available with Trip Pro

Complexity in the Treatment of Naming Deficits This article discusses a novel approach for treatment of lexical retrieval deficits in aphasia in which treatment begins with complex, rather than simple, lexical stimuli. This treatment considers the semantic complexity of items within semantic categories, with a focus on their featural detail. Method and Results Previous work on training items within animate categories (S. Kiran & C. K. Thompson, 2003b) and preliminary work aimed at items within

2007 American journal of speech-language pathology / American Speech-Language-Hearing Association

3650. A Case-Series Test of the Interactive Two-step Model of Lexical Access: Predicting Word Repetition from Picture Naming Full Text available with Trip Pro

A Case-Series Test of the Interactive Two-step Model of Lexical Access: Predicting Word Repetition from Picture Naming Lexical access in language production, and particularly pathologies of lexical access, are often investigated by examining errors in picture naming and word repetition. In this article, we test a computational approach to lexical access, the two-step interactive model, by examining whether the model can quantitatively predict the repetition-error patterns of 65 aphasic subjects (...) be independently lesioned was generally successful in predicting repetition for the aphasics. An analysis of the few cases in which model predictions were inaccurate revealed the role of input phonology in the repetition task.

2007 Journal of memory and language

3651. A polycystic variant of a primary intracranial leptomeningeal astrocytoma: case report and literature review Full Text available with Trip Pro

the case of a seventy-eight year-old woman with a polycystic variant of a solitary primary intracranial leptomeningeal astrocytoma. The first neurological signs were seizures and aphasia. CT and MRI scans demonstrated a fronto-parietal polycystic tumor adherent to the sub arachnoid space. A left fronto-temporo-parietal craniotomy revealed a tight coalescence between the tumor and the arachnoid layer which appeared to wrap the mass entirely. Removal of the deeper solid part of the tumor resulted

2007 World journal of surgical oncology

3652. Spaced retrieval treatment of anomia Full Text available with Trip Pro

with aphasia. The rate of acquisition and retention of items was compared between SR and a more traditional treatment technique-cueing hierarchy (CH). Also, each oral naming treatment was run concurrently with a single word writing treatment. METHODS #ENTITYSTARTX00026; PROCEDURES: Three participants who had moderate or severe naming impairments and agraphia were studied. Single-subject design was applied across oral and written naming and treated and untreated items. OUTCOMES #ENTITYSTARTX00026; RESULTS (...) : The results indicate that for these participants, SR resulted in improved naming of specific items. The data further suggest that SR compared favourably to CH with regard to both acquisition and retention of items. The participants also benefited nicely from the writing treatment. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest SR may be an alternative for managing naming impairment resulting from aphasia. Furthermore, the study supports providing treatments aimed at two different modalities concurrently.

2005 Aphasiology

3653. Functional Categories in Agrammatic Speech Full Text available with Trip Pro

Functional Categories in Agrammatic Speech 21572943 2018 11 13 5.1 2005 LSO working papers in linguistics LSO Work Pap Linguist Functional Categories in Agrammatic Speech. 107-123 Lee Jiyeon J Aphasia and Neurolinguistics Research Laboratory, Communication Sciences and Disorders, Northwestern University. Thompson Cynthia K CK eng R01 DC001948 DC NIDCD NIH HHS United States R01 DC001948-12 DC NIDCD NIH HHS United States Journal Article United States LSO Work Pap Linguist 101552629 2011 9 28 6 0

2005 LSO working papers in linguistics

3654. Possible overlap between reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome and symptomatic vasospasm after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage Full Text available with Trip Pro

velocities had normalised, as revealed by transcranial Doppler (TCD), for more than 48 h, she developed aphasia and right hemiplegia associated with diffuse segmental vasospasm on the left middle cerebral artery. Intra-arterial infusion of vasodilatory agents was required. Recurrence of symptomatic vasospasm was noted on day 25, with a great number of territories involved as shown in the cerebral angiogram. A second intra-arterial treatment was needed. The patient complained of multiple episodes

2009 The journal of headache and pain

3655. Clazosentan in Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

dissection, major arterial occlusion, a large territorial cerebral infarct defined as involving > 1/3 of a vascular territory, or a new major neurological deficit post-procedure (e.g., hemiplegia or aphasia lasting > or = 12 hours post-aneurysm coiling)*. Current ruptured aneurysm previously secured (successfully or not) by clipping. Coiling material used, which has not been approved by local health authorities. Use of liquid embolism aneurysmal treatment or flow diverting device. Several aneurysms among

2009 Clinical Trials

3656. A Randomised Controlled Trial of Family Mediated Exercises (FAME) Following Stroke

following stroke pre-existing neurological disorder any lower limb orthopaedic condition that may limit exercise capacity aphasia cognitive impairment not willing to give written consent Contacts and Locations Go to Information from the National Library of Medicine To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor. Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00666744 Contacts

2008 Clinical Trials

3657. Fluoxetine on Motor Rehabilitation After Ischemic Stroke

Depression requiring pharmacological treatment Previous stroke with motor relapse Fugl Meyer Motor Scale > 55 Modified Rankin Scale = 0 or 6 Patients needing carotid surgery within 3 months Aphasia preventing correct evaluation of motor and depression scales. Contacts and Locations Go to Information from the National Library of Medicine To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor. Please refer to this study

2008 Clinical Trials

3658. What Is the Evidence for Use Dependent Learning After Stroke? Full Text available with Trip Pro

United States P01 NS046588-05 NS NINDS NIH HHS United States P51-NS046588 NS NINDS NIH HHS United States Journal Article Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural Review 2008 12 08 United States Stroke 0235266 0039-2499 IM Aphasia physiopathology therapy Brain physiopathology Communication Humans Language Therapy methods Magnetic Resonance Imaging Stroke physiopathology therapy Verbal Learning physiology 15 2008 12 10 9 0 2009 3 27 9 0 2008 12 10 9 0 ppublish 19064775 STROKEAHA.108.534925 10.1161

2008 Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation

3659. Recent advances in rehabilitation of stroke survivors Full Text available with Trip Pro

Recent advances in rehabilitation of stroke survivors This report discusses the newest approaches to rehabilitation of post-stroke patients. Recent studies have clinical implications for the treatment of stroke at all stages, and chronic aphasia.

2009 F1000 medicine reports

3660. Speech Reorganization after an AVM Bleed Cured by Embolization: A Case Report and Review of the Literature Full Text available with Trip Pro

not only by the hemodynamic features of the AVM, but also by considerations of the extent of intervention-related morbidity and mortality. A patient with a left frontal AVM is described. He bled three years after gamma knife radiosurgery and developed aphasia. The complete obliteration of the AVM was later achieved by embolization. Functional compensatory brain reorganization and plasticity is discussed, since our patient presented with a fast recovery from aphasia and unexpected contralateral

2009 Interventional Neuroradiology

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