How to Trip Rapid Review

Step 1: Select articles relevant to your search (remember the system is only optimised for single intervention studies)

Step 2: press

Step 3: review the result, and maybe amend the or if you know better! If we're unsure of the overall sentiment of the trial we will display the conclusion under the article title. We then require you to tell us what the correct sentiment is.

4,330 results for

Aphasia

by
...
Latest & greatest
Alerts

Export results

Use check boxes to select individual results below

SmartSearch available

Trip's SmartSearch engine has discovered connected searches & results. Click to show

1. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) for improving aphasia in adults with aphasia after stroke. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) for improving aphasia in adults with aphasia after stroke. Stroke is one of the leading causes of disability worldwide and aphasia among survivors is common. Current speech and language therapy (SLT) strategies have only limited effectiveness in improving aphasia. A possible adjunct to SLT for improving SLT outcomes might be non-invasive brain stimulation by transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) to modulate cortical excitability and hence (...) to improve aphasia.To assess the effects of tDCS for improving aphasia in people who have had a stroke.We searched the Cochrane Stroke Group Trials Register (June 2018), CENTRAL (Cochrane Library, June 2018), MEDLINE (1948 to June 2018), Embase (1980 to June 2018), CINAHL (1982 to June 2018), AMED (1985 to June 2018), Science Citation Index (1899 to June 2018), and seven additional databases. We also searched trial registers and reference lists, handsearched conference proceedings and contacted authors

2019 Cochrane

2. Computerised speech and language therapy or attention control added to usual care for people with long-term post-stroke aphasia: the Big CACTUS three-arm RCT Full Text available with Trip Pro

Computerised speech and language therapy or attention control added to usual care for people with long-term post-stroke aphasia: the Big CACTUS three-arm RCT Computerised speech and language therapy or attention control added to usual care for people with long-term post-stroke aphasia: the Big CACTUS three-arm RCT Journals Library An error occurred retrieving content to display, please try again. >> >> >> Page Not Found Page not found (404) Sorry - the page you requested could not be found

2020 NIHR HTA programme

3. Assessment of aphasia

in the brain. However, because fluency is a multi-dimensional term based on factors that can dissociate (grammatical accuracy, rate of speech, prosody, effort, articulatory precision, hesitations), it is often difficult to judge. A patient can be fluent on one dimension and non-fluent on another. Therefore, there is often disagreement between two people in judging fluency of an aphasic individual. Fluent aphasias are typically due to lesions posterior to the central sulcus: Wernicke aphasia with fluent (...) /17431404?tool=bestpractice.com Saur D, Kreher BW, Schnell S, et al. Ventral and dorsal pathways for language. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008 Nov 18;105(46):18035-40. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2584675/ http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19004769?tool=bestpractice.com Follow-up treatment After identifying and treating the underlying cause of aphasia, such as acute stroke or herpes encephalitis, patients may have a residual aphasia. Such aphasic individuals benefit from referral

2018 BMJ Best Practice

4. Graded, multidimensional intra- and intergroup variations in primary progressive aphasia and post-stroke aphasia. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Graded, multidimensional intra- and intergroup variations in primary progressive aphasia and post-stroke aphasia. Language impairments caused by stroke (post-stroke aphasia, PSA) and neurodegeneration (primary progressive aphasia, PPA) have overlapping symptomatology, nomenclature and are classically divided into categorical subtypes. Surprisingly, PPA and PSA have rarely been directly compared in detail. Rather, previous studies have compared certain subtypes (e.g. semantic variants) or have (...) be a better conceptualization of aphasia from both causes; and (ii) despite the very different types of pathology, these broad classes of aphasia have considerable features in common.© The Author(s) (2020). Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Guarantors of Brain.

2020 Brain

5. Computerised speech and language therapy can help people with aphasia find words following a stroke. (Abstract)

Computerised speech and language therapy can help people with aphasia find words following a stroke. The studyPalmer R, Dimairo M, Cooper C, et al. Self-managed, computerised speech and language therapy for patients with chronic aphasia post-stroke compared with usual care or attention control (Big CACTUS): a multicentre, single-blinded, randomised controlled trial. Lancet Neurol 2019;18:821-33.This project was funded by the NIHR Health Technology Assessment Programme (project number 12/21/01

2020 BMJ

6. What do people with aphasia want to be able to say? A content analysis of words identified as personally relevant by people with aphasia. Full Text available with Trip Pro

What do people with aphasia want to be able to say? A content analysis of words identified as personally relevant by people with aphasia. Word finding is a common difficulty for people with aphasia. Targeting words that are relevant to the individual could maximise the usefulness and impact of word finding therapy.To provide insights into words that people with aphasia perceive to be personally relevant.100 people with aphasia were each asked to identify 100 words that would be particularly (...) or specialist words for which material needs to be individually prepared. However there is some commonality in the words chosen by people with aphasia. This could inform pre-prepared materials for use in word finding therapy from which personally relevant words could be selected for practice.

2017 PLoS ONE

7. The ‘Better Conversations with Primary Progressive Aphasia (BCPPA)’ program for people with PPA (Primary Progressive Aphasia): protocol for a randomised controlled pilot study Full Text available with Trip Pro

The ‘Better Conversations with Primary Progressive Aphasia (BCPPA)’ program for people with PPA (Primary Progressive Aphasia): protocol for a randomised controlled pilot study Primary progressive aphasia is a language-led dementia, often associated with frontotemporal dementia. It presents as insidious deterioration of language skills (e.g. naming objects and understanding complex sentences), with relative sparing of cognitive skills initially. There is little research examining (...) the effectiveness of communication skills training for primary progressive aphasia, yet speech and language therapists (SLTs) report regularly using this in clinical practice. 'Better Conversations with Primary Progressive Aphasia' has potential to reduce barriers and increase facilitators to conversation and consequently improve confidence in communication and quality of life for people living with primary progressive aphasia and their conversation partners. The aim of this pilot study is to examine

2018 Pilot and feasibility studies Controlled trial quality: predicted high

8. Screening for Aphasia in NeuroDegeneration for the Diagnosis of Patients with Primary Progressive Aphasia: Clinical Validity and Psychometric Properties. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Screening for Aphasia in NeuroDegeneration for the Diagnosis of Patients with Primary Progressive Aphasia: Clinical Validity and Psychometric Properties. We evaluated the psychometric proprieties of the Screening for Aphasia in NeuroDegeneration (SAND) battery in Italian primary progressive aphasia (PPA) and movement disorder (MD) patients.The sample included 30 consecutive PPA and 45 MD patients who completed the SAND battery together with a clinical interview and a neurological

2018 Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders

9. Three-Ounce Water Swallow Challenge for Oropharyngeal Dysphasia: Diagnostic Accuracy and Guidelines

Three-Ounce Water Swallow Challenge for Oropharyngeal Dysphasia: Diagnostic Accuracy and Guidelines Three-Ounce Water Swallow Challenge for Oropharyngeal Dysphasia: Diagnostic Accuracy and Guidelines | CADTH.ca Find the information you need Three-Ounce Water Swallow Challenge for Oropharyngeal Dysphasia: Diagnostic Accuracy and Guidelines Three-Ounce Water Swallow Challenge for Oropharyngeal Dysphasia: Diagnostic Accuracy and Guidelines Published on: April 4, 2016 Project Number: RB0977-000 (...) , dysphagia, dysphasia, swallowing, water, water intake, Diagnostic, Yale, bedside, oropharyngeal Files Rapid Response Summary of Abstracts Published : April 4, 2016 Follow us: © 2019 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health Get our newsletter:

2016 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

10. ‘I felt pain. Deep pain…’: Experiences of primary caregivers of stroke survivors with aphasia in a South African township Full Text available with Trip Pro

‘I felt pain. Deep pain…’: Experiences of primary caregivers of stroke survivors with aphasia in a South African township Aphasia is an acquired impairment in language and in the cognitive processes that underlie language. Aphasia affects the quality of life of the person with aphasia (PWA) and his or her families in various ways in diverse contexts and cultures. It is therefore important that speech language therapists understand how different contextual and cultural factors may mediate (...) were analysed according to the principles of thematic analysis.Findings indicated that caregivers are unfamiliar with aphasia and the support available to them. Participants experienced frustration and found communication to be challenging owing to their lack of communication strategies. The participants' experiences reflected their context-specific experiences, such as feminisation of caregiving, barriers to healthcare, the influence of low health literacy and contextual perspectives on stroke

2018 African journal of disability

11. Effects of multimodal communication program on patients with chronic aphasia: a single-subject A-B-A design study Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effects of multimodal communication program on patients with chronic aphasia: a single-subject A-B-A design study Aphasia as a common consequence of stroke, is an acquired neurologic communication disorder that can affect symbol language processing. Different types of intervention approaches have been introduced. Multimodal Communication Program (MCP) is a new augmentative alternative communication approach in chronic aphasia. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of MCP (...) on communication skills of patients with chronic aphasia.This prospective, single subject, A-B-A design study was done during 2016 in Semnan, Iran. Participants were two patients with severe aphasia with a single left-hemisphere stroke. Three phases, including baseline, intervention and follow-up were administered. The patients received nine-hour intervention, over 10 working days.Three different scores were calculated for each patient: verbal efforts, the frequency of each modality and the accuracy

2018 Electronic physician Controlled trial quality: uncertain

12. Neuroimaging Correlates of Post-Stroke Aphasia Rehabilitation in a Pilot Randomized Trial of Constraint-Induced Aphasia Therapy Full Text available with Trip Pro

Neuroimaging Correlates of Post-Stroke Aphasia Rehabilitation in a Pilot Randomized Trial of Constraint-Induced Aphasia Therapy BACKGROUND Recovery from post-stroke aphasia is a long and complex process with an uncertain outcome. Various interventions have been proposed to augment the recovery, including constraint-induced aphasia therapy (CIAT). CIAT has been applied to patients suffering from post-stroke aphasia in several unblinded studies to show mild-to-moderate linguistic gains. The aim (...) of the present study was to evaluate the neuroimaging correlates of CIAT in patients with chronic aphasia related to left middle cerebral artery stroke. MATERIAL AND METHODS Out of 24 patients recruited in a pilot randomized blinded trial of CIAT, 19 patients received fMRI of language. Eleven of them received CIAT (trained) and eight served as a control group (untrained). Each patient participated in three fMRI sessions (before training, after training, and 3 months later) that included semantic decision

2017 Medical science monitor : international medical journal of experimental and clinical research Controlled trial quality: uncertain

13. Efficacy of early cognitive-linguistic treatment for aphasia due to stroke: A randomised controlled trial (Rotterdam Aphasia Therapy Study-3) Full Text available with Trip Pro

Efficacy of early cognitive-linguistic treatment for aphasia due to stroke: A randomised controlled trial (Rotterdam Aphasia Therapy Study-3) One third of patients with acute stroke have aphasia. The majority receive speech and language therapy. There is evidence for a beneficial effect of speech and language therapy on restoring communication, but it is unknown whether and how efficacy of speech and language therapy is influenced by timing of treatment. We studied whether speech and language (...) therapy early after stroke by way of intensive cognitive-linguistic treatment is more effective than no speech and language therapy in the Rotterdam Aphasia Therapy Study-3, a multicentre randomised single-blind trial.Stroke patients with first-ever aphasia were randomised within 2 weeks of onset to either 4 weeks of early intensive cognitive-linguistic treatment (1 h/day) or no language treatment. Hereafter, both groups received regular speech and language therapy. Primary outcome was the score

2017 European Stroke Journal Controlled trial quality: predicted high

14. Discourse Characteristics in Aphasia Beyond the Western Aphasia Battery Cutoff Full Text available with Trip Pro

Discourse Characteristics in Aphasia Beyond the Western Aphasia Battery Cutoff This study examined discourse characteristics of individuals with aphasia who scored at or above the 93.8 cutoff on the Aphasia Quotient subtests of the Western Aphasia Battery-Revised (WAB-R; Kertesz, 2007). They were compared with participants without aphasia and those with anomic aphasia.Participants were from the AphasiaBank database and included 28 participants who were not aphasic by WAB-R score (NABW), 92 (...) participants with anomic aphasia, and 177 controls. Cinderella narratives were analyzed using the Computerized Language Analysis programs (MacWhinney, 2000). Outcome measures were words per minute, percent word errors, lexical diversity using the moving average type-token ratio (Covington, 2007b), main concept production, number of utterances, mean length of utterance, and proposition density.Results showed that the NABW group was significantly different from the controls on all measures except MLU

2017 American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology

15. Structural white matter connectometry of word production in aphasia: an observational study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Structural white matter connectometry of word production in aphasia: an observational study. While current dual-steam neurocognitive models of language function have coalesced around the view that distinct neuroanatomical networks subserve semantic and phonological processing, respectively, the specific white matter components of these networks remain a matter of debate. To inform this debate, we investigated relationships between structural white matter connectivity and word production (...) in a cross-sectional study of 42 participants with aphasia due to unilateral left hemisphere stroke. Specifically, we reconstructed a local connectome matrix for each participant from diffusion spectrum imaging data and regressed these matrices on indices of semantic and phonological ability derived from their responses to a picture-naming test and a computational model of word production. These connectometry analyses indicated that both dorsally located (arcuate fasciculus) and ventrally located

2020 Brain

16. Taking the sublexical route: brain dynamics of reading in the semantic variant of primary progressive aphasia. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Taking the sublexical route: brain dynamics of reading in the semantic variant of primary progressive aphasia. Reading aloud requires mapping an orthographic form to a phonological one. The mapping process relies on sublexical statistical regularities (e.g. 'oo' to |uː|) or on learned lexical associations between a specific visual form and a series of sounds (e.g. yacht to/jɑt/). Computational, neuroimaging, and neuropsychological evidence suggest that sublexical, phonological and lexico (...) -semantic processes rely on partially distinct neural substrates: a dorsal (occipito-parietal) and a ventral (occipito-temporal) route, respectively. Here, we investigated the spatiotemporal features of orthography-to-phonology mapping, capitalizing on the time resolution of magnetoencephalography and the unique clinical model offered by patients with semantic variant of primary progressive aphasia (svPPA). Behaviourally, patients with svPPA manifest marked lexico-semantic impairments including

2020 Brain

17. Effects of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation with different frequencies on post-stroke aphasia: A PRISMA-compliant meta-analysis. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effects of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation with different frequencies on post-stroke aphasia: A PRISMA-compliant meta-analysis. Previous studies indicated inconsistent results for the treatment effect of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on post-stroke aphasics. The study conducted a meta-analysis to evaluate whether the rTMS with different frequencies demonstrated any effect in patients with post-stroke aphasia.Electronic databases (PubMed, Web of Science (...) , Medline, EMBASE, and Google Scholar) were searched for articles published before July 2019. Statistical analyses were made using STATA 12.0 software. Standard mean difference (SMD) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated for the treatment effect of rTMS on post-stroke aphasia.Meta-analysis indicated significant treatment effects on naming of rTMS in post-stroke aphasics (SMD 0.76, 95%CI 0.16 to 1.36, I = 76.9%, P < .001). Subgroup analyses showed significant treatment effects on naming

2020 Medicine

18. Bilateral corpus callosum and corona radiata infarction due to cerebral venous sinus thrombosis presenting as headache and acute reversible aphasia: a rare case report. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Bilateral corpus callosum and corona radiata infarction due to cerebral venous sinus thrombosis presenting as headache and acute reversible aphasia: a rare case report. Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST), a rare cause of cerebral infarction, is often unrecognized at initial presentation. We report the case of a patient with bilateral corpus callosum and corona radiata infarction due to cerebral venous sinus thrombosis presenting as headache and acute reversible aphasia.A 30-year-old female (...) patient presented with headache, vomiting, and motor aphasia. She was 20 days post-partum and had a lower than normal food intake following a normal vaginal delivery. Brain magnetic resonance images revealed a bilateral corpus callosum and corona radiata infarction. MR venography (MRV) and digital subtraction angiography (DSA) images showed a signal void in the anterior aspect of the superior sagittal sinus and inferior sagittal sinus, ophthalmic vein expansion, and the reversed direction of venous

2020 BMC Neurology

19. Efficacy of intensive aphasia therapy in patients with chronic stroke: a randomised controlled trial Full Text available with Trip Pro

Efficacy of intensive aphasia therapy in patients with chronic stroke: a randomised controlled trial Recent evidence has fuelled the debate on the role of massed practice in the rehabilitation of chronic post-stroke aphasia. Here, we further determined the optimal daily dosage and total duration of intensive speech-language therapy.Individuals with chronic aphasia more than 1 year post-stroke received Intensive Language-Action Therapy in a randomised, parallel-group, blinded-assessment (...) , controlled trial. Participants were randomly assigned to one of two outpatient groups who engaged in either highly-intensive practice (Group I: 4 hours daily) or moderately-intensive practice (Group II: 2 hours daily). Both groups went through an initial waiting period and two successive training intervals. Each phase lasted 2 weeks. Co-primary endpoints were defined after each training interval.Thirty patients-15 per group-completed the study. A primary outcome measure (Aachen Aphasia Test) revealed

2018 EvidenceUpdates

20. Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation Does Not Improve Language Outcome in Subacute Poststroke Aphasia Full Text available with Trip Pro

Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation Does Not Improve Language Outcome in Subacute Poststroke Aphasia The aim of the present study is to investigate the effect of transcranial direct current stimulation on word-finding treatment outcome in subacute poststroke aphasia.In this multi-center, double-blind, randomized controlled trial with 6-month follow-up, we included 58 patients with subacute aphasia (<3 months poststroke), who were enrolled in a stroke rehabilitation program. Patients

2018 EvidenceUpdates

To help you find the content you need quickly, you can filter your results via the categories on the right-hand side >>>>