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Antibiotic Food Interactions

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81. Optimisation of RIZIV – INAMI lump sums for incontinence

therapeuthic chemical (classification) AUS Artificial urinary sphincter BAMS Bone anchored male sling BCFI-CBIP Belgisch Centrum voor Farmacotherapeutische Informatie – Le Centre Belge d’Information Pharmacothérapeutique BT Bladder training DDD Defined daily dosis EAS External anal sphincter muscle EPS Echantillon Permanent – Permanente Steekproef ER Extended release EStim Electrical stimulation FI Faecal incontinence FPS Public Health Federal Public Service for Health, Food Chain Safety and Environment (...) • Multifactorial incontinence: Complaint of involuntary loss of urine related to multiple interacting risk factors, including factors both within and outside the lower urinary tract such as comorbidity, medication, age- related physiological changes and environmental factors. Two types of continence problems that in the first place give cause to retention of urine (bladder is full and can’t be emptied) and in a second instance can cause incontinence are: • Urinary retention results from a blockage

2019 Belgian Health Care Knowledge Centre

82. Diagnosis and management of gonorrhoea and syphilis

European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control EIA Enzyme immunoassays EMA European Medicines Agency EUCAST European Committee on Antibiotic Susceptibility Testing FDA US Food and Drug Administration FP False positive FN False negative FTA-ABS Fluorescent treponemal antibody absorption test GDG Guideline development group 12 Diagnosis and management of gonorrhoea and syphilis KCE Report 310 GRADE Grading of recommendations assessment, development and evaluation HIV Human Immunodeficiency Virus IM (...) – Conclusions and recommendations from guidelines – Referral 166 Table 59 – STI consultation tool: overview of international and national guidance documents 169 Table 60 – An STI consultation tool: proposed structure 170 KCE Report 310 Diagnosis and management of gonorrhoea and syphilis 11 LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS ABBREVIATION DEFINITION AGREE Appraisal of Guidelines Research and Evaluation AMR Antimicrobial resistance BAPCOC Belgian Antibiotic Policy Coordination Committee BCFI – CBIP Belgisch Centrum voor

2019 Belgian Health Care Knowledge Centre

83. Menopause

of previous fragility fracture. Other risk factors include alcohol abuse, immobility, hyperthyroidism and conditions associated with the poor absorption of food, such as coeliac disease. Young women (under the age of 40) experiencing menopause need particular advice about osteoporosis prevention and a baseline bone densitometry should be performed. Older women who had an untreated early menopause should also be assessed for risk of fracture. Testing for osteoporosis Testing for osteoporosis involves (...) -respected member of the family group, to whom younger family members frequently turn for advice. Loss of regular bleeding is beneficial for some Muslim women and Orthodox Jewish women, as they are no longer seen as ‘impure’ during menstruation and can enter the temple, handle and prepare food, or continue to have sexual intercourse throughout the month. Conversely, in some cultures the menopause is viewed negatively, as it signals the end of fertility and the loss of a woman’s ‘usefulness

2018 Royal College of Nursing

84. Review of effective strategies to promote breastfeeding

literature during a period of 10 years (2007–2017). The global public health recommendation of the World Health Organization (WHO) is that infants should be exclusively breastfed for the first six months of life to achieve optimal growth, development and health. Thereafter, to meet their evolving nutritional requirements, infants and young children should receive nutritionally adequate and safe complementary foods while breastfeeding continues until up to two years of age or beyond. 5 In Australia (...) , national dietary guidelines recommend that infants are exclusively breastfed until about six months of age, when solid foods are introduced, and that breastfeeding is continued until 12 months of age and beyond, for as long as the mother and child desire. 6 However, only about one in 10 Australian children are breastfed according to national dietary guidelines, and only about one in 20 meet WHO optimal breastfeeding recommendations. Virtually all children (92%– 96%) in Australia initiated breastfeeding

2018 Sax Institute Evidence Check

85. The Patient Centred Medical Home: barriers and enablers to implementation

(GPs). • Traditional payment policies (such as fee-for-service) may focus GPs/practices on activities that are not aligned with PCMH • Lack of financial incentives coupled with the cost of implementing PCMH may deter practices from pursuing it. • Consider payment models that move the focus away from specific service interactions to ones that focus on patient needs over time • Include additional incentives that focus on quality of care delivered • Explore models that allow primary care practices

2018 Sax Institute Evidence Check

86. Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics

to food outside the home, 13% to 16% was inherent to food, 4% to 9% was added in home food preparation, 3% to 8% was added at the table, and <1% was from dietary supplements and home tap water; amounts varied modestly by race/ethnicity. After a 1 peso per liter excise tax on sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) was implemented in Mexico in January 2014, SSB purchases were reduced by 5.5% after 1 year and 9.7% after 2 years compared with predicted SSB purchases based on pretax trends. The effect of the SSB (...) tax was greatest among households of the lowest socioeconomic status. A similar 1 cent per ounce excise tax on SSBs was implemented in Berkeley, California, in January 2015, and SSB sales declined by 9.6% after 1 year compared with predicted SSB purchases based on pretax trends. The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children food package was revised in 2009 to include more fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lower-fat milk. These food package revisions were

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2019 American Heart Association

87. Preparing HIV-infected children and adolescents for travel

antibiotic by HIV specialists. Co-trimoxazole was showed to be effective in preventing bacterial infections despite widespread resistance (1). Some Travel medicine experts prefer azithromycin prophylaxis which is given daily for TD prevention. TD is an unlicenced but commonly utilized indication for azithromycin prophylaxis. Drug interactions with antiretrovirals should be checked, see For patients taking standby treatment or prophylaxis: • Advise to seek medical care (...) Preparing HIV-infected children and adolescents for travel 1 Guideline: Preparing HIV-infected children and adolescents for travel Authors: Natalie Prevatt Date of preparation: February 2017 Next review date: February 2019 Contents Summary 2 Introduction to the guideline 2 General travel health and safety advice for travel 2 Traveller’s diarrhoea: prevention and treatment 4 Malaria prevention 4 Personal protection 6 Chemoprophylaxis 6 Important interactions between antimalarials and ART 7

2018 The Children's HIV Association

88. Management of Cardiovascular Diseases during Pregnancy

during pregnancy and breastfeeding 3212 12.1 General principles 3212 12.1.1 Pharmacokinetics in pregnancy 3212 12.1.2 Drug classes in pregnancy 3213 12.2 US Food and Drug Administration classification 3214 12.3 Internet databases 3214 12.4 Pharmaceutical industry3214 12.5 Recommendations3214 13. Gaps in the evidence3231 14. Key messages3231 15. ‘What to do’ and ‘what not to do’ messages from the Guidelines3233 16. Appendix3236 References3237 List of tables Table . Classes of recommendation 3170 Table (...) Calcium channel blocker CI Confidence interval CO Cardiac output CoA Coarctation of the aorta CPG Committee for Practice Guidelines CT Computed tomography CVD Cardiovascular disease DBP Diastolic blood pressure DCM Dilated cardiomyopathy DES Drug-eluting stent DVT Deep vein/venous thrombosis ECG Electrocardiogram EF Ejection fraction ESC European Society of Cardiology FDA US Food and Drug Administration HCM Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy HF Heart failure HFrEF Heart failure with reduced ejection fraction

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2018 European Society of Cardiology

89. Clinical Practice Guideline for the Management of Infantile Hemangiomas

until 12 months of age (occasionally longer). Topical timolol may be used to treat select small, thin, superficial IHs. Surgery and/or laser treatment are most useful for the treatment of residual skin changes after involution and, less commonly, may be considered earlier to treat some IHs. Abbreviations: AAP — American Academy of Pediatrics AHRQ — Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality CPG — clinical practice guideline ECG — electrocardiography FDA — Food and Drug Administration IH — infantile (...) . Clinicians may also use telemedicine (either live interactive or store and forward of photographs taken in the office) to assist with triage, evaluation, and management. Key Action Statement 2A ( ) View this table: TABLE 8 Key Action Statement 2A: Clinicians should not perform imaging unless the diagnosis of IH is uncertain, there are 5 or more cutaneous IHs, or associated anatomic abnormalities are suspected (grade B, moderate recommendation). Clinicians should not perform imaging unless the diagnosis

2019 American Academy of Pediatrics

90. 2018 Update on Diagnosis, Treatment, Chemoprophylaxis, and Institutional Outbreak Management of Seasonal Influenza

and circulatory deaths each year in the United States [9]. A recent modeling study estimated that 291243–645832 seasonal influenza–associated respiratory deaths occur annually worldwide [10]. Use of available diagnostic modalities and proper interpretation of results can accurately identify patients presenting with influenza. Timely diagnosis may decrease unnecessary laboratory testing for other etiologies and use of antibiotics, improve the effectiveness of infection prevention and control measures (...) , obstetricians, emergency medicine providers, hospitalists, and infectious disease specialists. The guidelines may be also useful for occupational health physicians and clinicians working in long-term care facilities. It adds new information on diagnostic testing, use of antivirals, and considerations of when to use antibiotics and when to test for antiviral resistance, and presents evidence on harm associated with routine use of corticosteroids. The panel followed a process used in the development

2019 Infectious Diseases Society of America

91. Chronic Asthma

) Identify Risks for Exacerbation # (worsening symptoms and lung function necessitating treatment adjustment) ? Poor perception of control ? Exacerbation within last year ? Comorbid rhinosinusitis, chronic lung disease, confirmed food allergy, pregnancy, obesity ? Environmental irritants ? FEV1 1 canister/month) ? OCS: current or recent use, or adverse effects ? Non-adherence 1 /lack of written Asthma Action Plan ? Emergency department or hospitalisation in last year or delayed presentation to hospital (...) ? Ever intubated or in critical care ? Cardiovascular disease ? Severe psychiatric/psychosocial issues Discuss Triggers 6 ? Cold air, thunderstorm ? Airborne irritants: smoke (1 st and 2 nd hand exposure), fuel combustion, odours, renovation, occupation-related ? Mould and pollens ? Dander especially from cat, dog ? Allergies, including peanut, seafood ? Food additives (sulphites, MSG); cold drinks ? Bee products, echinacea ? NSAIDs, ?-blockers, Aspirin ? Hormonal ? Exercise ? Extreme emotions

2018 Toward Optimized Practice

92. The economic evaluation of early intervention with Anti-Tumor Necrosis Factor-? treatments in pediatric Crohn's disease

of Anti-TNF-a Treatments. 72 Table Costs and Doses of Immunomodulators. 74 Table Costs and Doses of Corticosteroids. 76 Table Costs and Doses of Antibiotics. 79 Table Costs and Doses of Oral 5-ASA Drugs. 81 Table Cost and Dose of Enteral Nutrition Brands. 83 Table Medical Procedure Costs for CD Patients. 86 Table Costs for Adverse Events of Special Interest and Surgical Complications. 87 xi Table (...) . 244 Table A13-1. The weighted average cost of antibiotics per week and per weight for the standard care and early anti-TNF-a intervention comparator groups. 245 xiii Table A14-1. The weighted average cost of oral 5-ASA’s per week and per weight for the standard care and early anti-TNF-a intervention comparator groups. 246 Table A15-1. The age-dependent mean weekly cost of enteral nutrition supplements for males. 247 Table A15-2. The age-dependent mean weekly cost of enteral nutrition supplements

2019 SickKids Reports

93. Contraceptive Choices for Young People

with a higher estrogen content. Co-cyprindiol (Dianette ® ) is indicated to treat severe acne that has not responded to oral antibiotics. In those with less severe symptoms it should be withdrawn 3-4 months after the condition has resolved. For women with known hyperandrogenism, longer use with specialist review may be warranted. Young people should be advised that the progestogen-only implant may be associated with improvement, worsening or onset of acne. Mood Changes and Depression Young people may (...) improve acne and thus can be considered in those who require contraception. Overall, few differences have been found between COC types in terms of their effectiveness for treating acne. 72 In the UK, co-cyprindiol (Dianette ® ) 73,74 should not be used solely for contraception and is licensed for treatment of severe acne that has not responded to oral antibiotics. Ideally it should be withdrawn 3–4 months after the condition has resolved. However, for women with known hyperandrogenism, longer use may

2019 Faculty of Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare

94. Renal Transplantation

during laparoscopic donor nephrectomy: review of the FDA database. Urology, 2009. 74: 142. 21. Hsi, R.S., et al. Mechanisms of hemostatic failure during laparoscopic nephrectomy: review of Food and Drug Administration database. Urology, 2007. 70: 888. 22. Ponsky, L., et al. The Hem-o-lok clip is safe for laparoscopic nephrectomy: a multi-institutional review. Urology, 2008. 71: 593. 23. Allen, M.B., et al. Donor hemodynamics as a predictor of outcomes after kidney transplantation from donors after (...) the surgical risk in renal transplantation: A case-control study. Nephrol Dial Transplant, 2014. 29: 463. 87. Osman, Y., et al. Necessity of Routine Postoperative Heparinization in Non-Risky Live-Donor Renal Transplantation: Results of a Prospective Randomized Trial. Urology, 2007. 69: 647. 88. Orlando, G., et al. One-shot versus multidose perioperative antibiotic prophylaxis after kidney transplantation: a randomized, controlled clinical trial. Surgery, 2015. 157: 104. 89. Choi, S.U., et al. Clinical

2019 European Association of Urology

96. BSG consensus guidelines on the management of inflammatory bowel disease in adults

inhibitor, tofacitinib, therapeutic drug monitoring, anti-drug antibodies, nutrition, diet, vitamin D, anaemia, antibiotics, tuberculosis, TB, cytomegalovirus, CMV, clostridium difficile, cancer, chemoprevention, surveillance, pregnancy, fetus, breastfeeding, probiotic, antibiotic, faecal microbial transplant, vaccine, vaccination, multidisciplinary team, MDT, adherence, self-management, telephone clinic, virtual clinic, primary stress, care, shared care, fatigue, stress, psychology, psychotherapy (...) ultrasound 67 Detection of active disease 68 Investigation of strictures 68 Radiation exposure 69 Capsule Endoscopy 69 Balloon-assisted enteroscopy 71 4.2 Induction of remission in mild to moderate disease ileocolonic disease 71 4.2.1 Budesonide in ileocaecal Crohn’s disease 71 4.2.2 Corticosteroids in colonic Crohn’s disease 72 4.2.3 Nutritional therapy 72 Exclusive Enteral Nutrition (EEN) 72 Elimination diets 74 4.2.4 Antibiotic therapy 75 4.2.5

2019 British Society of Gastroenterology

97. Paediatric Urology

scintigraphy in 49 patients with acute scrotal pain: a comparison with ultrasonography. Ann Nucl Med, 2001. 15: 225. 168. Karmazyn, B., et al. Duplex sonographic findings in children with torsion of the testicular appendages: overlap with epididymitis and epididymoorchitis. J Pediatr Surg, 2006. 41: 500. 169. Lau, P., et al. Acute epididymitis in boys: are antibiotics indicated? Br J Urol, 1997. 79: 797. 170. Abul, F., et al. The acute scrotum: a review of 40 cases. Med Princ Pract, 2005. 14: 177. 171 (...) in Europe: a registry-based study. World J Urol, 2015. 33: 2159. 189. Morera, A.M., et al. A study of risk factors for hypospadias in the Rhone-Alpes region (France). J Pediatr Urol, 2006. 2: 169. 190. Springer, A., et al. Worldwide prevalence of hypospadias. J Pediatr Urol, 2016. 12: 152 e1. 191. van der Zanden, L.F., et al. Exploration of gene-environment interactions, maternal effects and parent of origin effects in the etiology of hypospadias. J Urol, 2012. 188: 2354. 192. Fredell, L., et al

2019 European Association of Urology

98. Male Sexual Dysfunction

Hypertens, 2004. 17: 1135. 199. Kloner, R.A., et al. Interaction between the phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitor, tadalafil and 2 alpha-blockers, doxazosin and tamsulosin in healthy normotensive men. J Urol, 2004. 172: 1935. 200. McCullough, A.R., et al. Achieving treatment optimization with sildenafil citrate (Viagra) in patients with erectile dysfunction. Urology, 2002. 60: 28. 201. Forgue, S.T., et al. Tadalafil pharmacokinetics in healthy subjects. Br J Clin Pharmacol, 2006. 61: 280. 202. Nichols, D.J (...) ., et al. Pharmacokinetics of sildenafil after single oral doses in healthy male subjects: absolute bioavailability, food effects and dose proportionality. Br J Clin Pharmacol, 2002. 53 Suppl 1: 5S. 203. Rosen, R.C., et al. Determining the earliest time within 30 minutes to erectogenic effect after tadalafil 10 and 20 mg: a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, at-home study. J Sex Med, 2004. 1: 193. 204. Montorsi, F., et al. Earliest time to onset of action leading

2019 European Association of Urology

100. Prostate Cancer

food and prostate cancer risk: systematic review and meta-analysis. Int J Food Sci Nutr, 2015. 66: 587. 42. Chen, P., et al. Lycopene and Risk of Prostate Cancer: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Medicine (Baltimore), 2015. 94: e1260. 43. Rowles, J.L., 3rd, et al. Processed and raw tomato consumption and risk of prostate cancer: a systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis. Prostate Cancer Prostatic Dis, 2018. 21: 319. 44. Ilic, D., et al. Lycopene for the prevention and treatment (...) . Interchangeability of measurements of total and free prostate-specific antigen in serum with 5 frequently used assay combinations: an update. Clin Chem, 2006. 52: 59. 157. Eggener, S.E., et al. Empiric antibiotics for an elevated prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level: a randomised, prospective, controlled multi-institutional trial. BJU Int, 2013. 112: 925. 158. Xue, J., et al. Comparison between transrectal and transperineal prostate biopsy for detection of prostate cancer: a meta-analysis and trial sequential

2019 European Association of Urology

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