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Alpha Adrenergic Antagonist

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121. Management of opioid use disorders: a national clinical practice guideline

. The recommendations in this guideline are based on the clin- ical evidence base regarding treatment approaches for opioid use disorder currently available in Canada, including oral opioid agonist treatment and antagonist pharmacotherapies, as well as withdrawal management strategies, residential treatment and psychosocial treatment interventions. The evidence base for pharmacotherapies not yet widely available in Canada, including long-acting and extended-release opioid antagonists, as well as injectable opioid (...) - tages of methadone and buprenorphine–naloxone are summarized in Table 2. Compared with use of a 2 -adrenergic agonists or psychosocial treatment alone, opioid agonist treatment with buprenorphine– naloxone or methadone has proven superior in terms of reten- tion in treatment, sustained abstinence from illicit opioid use, and reduced risk of morbidity and death. 21,25,37–40 Recent meta- analyses have found that buprenorphine–naloxone and metha- done were essentially equally efficacious across

2018 CPG Infobase

122. Management of Cardiovascular Diseases during Pregnancy

antagonist MRHD Maximum recommended human dose MRI Magnetic resonance imaging MS Mitral stenosis mWHO Modified World Health Organization NSTE-ACS Non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome NSTEMI Non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction NT-proBNP N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide NYHA New York Heart Association OAC Oral anticoagulant OHSS Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome OR Odds ratio PAH Pulmonary arterial hypertension PAP Pulmonary arterial pressure PCI Percutaneous coronary intervention PE (...) fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 STEMI ST-elevation myocardial infarction SVT Supraventricular tachycardia TAPSE Tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion TdP Torsade de pointes TGA Transposition of the great arteries TR Tricuspid regurgitation UFH Unfractionated heparin UPA Ulipristal acetate VKA Vitamin K antagonist VSD Ventricular septal defect VT Ventricular tachycardia VTE Venous thrombo-embolism WCD Wearable cardioverter-defibrillator WPW Wolff–Parkinson–White 1. Preamble Guidelines summarize

2018 European Society of Cardiology

123. Guidelines on Diagnosis and Management of Syncope

1914 5.2.5.2 Alpha-agonists 1914 5.2.5.3 Beta-blockers 1915 5.2.5.4 Other drugs 1915 5.2.5.5 Emerging new therapies in specific subgroups 1915 5.2.6 Cardiac pacing 1915 5.2.6.1 Evidence from trials in suspected or certain reflex syncope and electrocardiogram- documented asystole 1915 5.2.6.2 Evidence from trials in patients with carotid sinus syndrome 1915 5.2.6.3 Evidence from trials in patients with tilt-induced vasovagal syncope 1916 5.2.6.4 Evidence from trials in patients with adenosine

2018 European Society of Cardiology

124. Quinapril

-adrenergic signal transduction pathway (...) by the development of fulminant hypertension with cardiac hypertrophy. 2. Seven week old heterozygous TG(mREN2)27 rats were treated for 11 weeks with the AT1-receptor antagonist losartan (10 mg kg[-1]), the ACE-inhibitor quinapril (15 mg kg[-1]) and the direct vasodilator hydralazine (30 mg kg[-1]). Untreated TG and normotensive Sprague-Dawley rats (SD) served as controls. 3. TG(mREN2)27-rats were characterized by arterial hypertension (TG 194+/-3.2 mmHg vs SD (...) The purpose of this study is to compare the impact of two blood pressure lowering treatments (high dose quinapril 2006 3. Effects of Quinapril 40 mg With Alpha Lipoic Acid or Placebo on Diabetes and Hypertension Effects of Quinapril 40 mg With Alpha Lipoic Acid or Placebo on Diabetes and Hypertension - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov A service of the U.S. National Institutes of Health Example: "Heart attack" AND "Los Angeles" Search for studies: Study Record Detail Effects of Quinapril 40 mg

2018 Trip Latest and Greatest

125. Nifedipine

beta 2 -adrenergic-receptor agonists and better tolerated compared with beta 2 -adrenergic-receptor (...) agonists and magnesium sulfate in women with preterm labour. The review was generally well conducted, but the authors’ conclusions regarding magnesium sulphate may be too strong given the small number of trials included in the analyses. Authors' objectives To determine the efficacy and safety of nifedipine as a tocolytic agent in women with preterm labour. Searching MEDLINE, EMBASE, LILACS, Web (...) of this study was to compare the effectiveness of nifedipine versus indomethacin 2011 10. Use of drug therapy in the management of symptomatic ureteric stones in hospitalised adults: a multicentre, placebo-controlled, randomised controlled trial and cost-effectiveness analysis of a calcium channel blocker ( nifedipine ) and an alpha-blocker (tam Use of drug therapy in the management of symptomatic ureteric stones in hospitalised adults: a multicentre, placebo-controlled, randomised controlled trial and cost

2018 Trip Latest and Greatest

126. Latanoprost

of a new antiglaucoma drug lathanoprost, a 0.005% xalathane solution, prostaglandin F2 alpha analog, is studied. A single instillation of xalathane (...) Trial Perspektivy primeneniia analoga prostaglandina F2 al'fa latanoprosta v gipotenzivnoĭ terapii glaukomy. Russia (Federation) Vestn Oftalmol 0415216 0042-465X 0 Adrenergic beta-Antagonists 0 Ophthalmic Solutions 0 Parasympathomimetics 0 Prostaglandins F, Synthetic 01MI4Q9DI3 Pilocarpine 6Z5B6HVF6O latanoprost 817W3C6175 Timolol B7IN85G1HY Dinoprost (...) IM Adrenergic beta-Antagonists administration & dosage therapeutic use Chronic Disease Dinoprost analogs & derivatives Drug Therapy, Combination 1998 8. Latanoprost versus timolol as first choice therapy in patients with ocular hypertension Latanoprost versus timolol as first choice therapy in patients with ocular hypertension Latanoprost versus timolol as first choice therapy in patients with ocular hypertension Peeters A, Schouten JS, Severens JL, Hendrikse F, Prins MH, Webers CA Record Status

2018 Trip Latest and Greatest

128. Doxazosin

participants. (see ) Verified September 2016 by VA Office of Research and Development Sponsor (...) of cocaine dependence; however, both animal and human studies suggest that medications affecting the noradrenergic system can reduce cocaine craving and use. The investigators will study the effect of doxazosin , an alpha-1 adrenergic antagonist, in reducing cocaine use and anxiety symptoms among cocaine-dependent individuals. In addition, the investigators will identify genetic subpopulations (...) of duloxetine hydrochloride combined with doxazosin for the treatment of pain disorder in chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome: An observational study. To explore the safety and efficacy of the selective 5-serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor duloxetine hydrochloride and alpha-adrenergic receptor blocker (alpha-blocker) doxazosin mesylate-controlled tablets in the treatment of pain disorder in chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS (...) ).In all, 150 patients were

2018 Trip Latest and Greatest

129. Terazosin

Cooperative Studies Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia Study Group. 533-9 Men with benign prostatic hyperplasia can (...) be treated with alpha 1-adrenergic-antagonist drugs that relax prostatic smooth muscle or with drugs that inhibit 5 alpha-reductase and therefore reduce tissue androgen concentrations. However, the effects of the two types of drugs have not been compared. We compared the safety and efficacy of placebo, terazosin (10 mg daily), finasteride (5 mg daily), and the combination of both drugs (...) Ravilla D RD eng Case Reports Letter India Indian J Ophthalmol 0405376 0301-4738 0 Adrenergic alpha-Antagonists 0 Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors 8L5014XET7 Terazosin XM03YJ541D 2007 11. Terazosin activated Pgk1 and Hsp90 to promote stress resistance 25383758 2014 12 18 2015 02 25 2017 02 20 1552-4469 11 1 2015 Jan Nature chemical biology Nat. Chem. Biol. Terazosin activates Pgk1 and Hsp90 to promote stress resistance. 19-25 10.1038/nchembio.1657 Drugs that can protect against organ damage

2018 Trip Latest and Greatest

131. ESC/ESH Management of Arterial Hypertension Full Text available with Trip Pro

Rosuvastatin LDH Lactate dehydrogenase LDL-C LDL cholesterol LEAD Lower extremity artery disease LIFE Losartan Intervention For Endpoint reduction in hypertension LV Left ventricular LVH Left ventricular hypertrophy MAP Mean arterial pressure MI Myocardial infarction MR Magnetic resonance MRA Mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist MRI Magnetic resonance imaging MUCH Masked uncontrolled hypertension NORDIL Nordic Diltiazem NS Non-significant NT-proBNP N-terminal pro-B natriuretic peptide o.d. Omni die (every

2018 European Society of Cardiology

132. Role of supraspinal and spinal {alpha}1-adrenergic receptor subtypes in micturition reflex in conscious rats. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Role of supraspinal and spinal {alpha}1-adrenergic receptor subtypes in micturition reflex in conscious rats. α(1)-Adrenergic receptor subtypes are widely distributed in the central nervous system and are involved in autonomic functions such as micturition. We investigated the presence and the role of supraspinal and/or spinal α(1)-adrenergic receptors in modulating the micturition reflex in conscious female Wistar rats. The expression of α(1)-adrenergic receptor subtypes in rat brain (...) and lumbosacral spinal cord was studied using RT-PCR. Continuous-infusion cystometrograms were obtained in conscious rats, and α(1)-adrenergic receptor antagonists were administered via intracerebroventricular or intrathecal routes. The mRNA expression of α(1A)-, α(1B)-, and α(1D)-adrenergic receptors was detected in rat brain (midbrain and pons) and lumbosacral spinal cord (dorsal and ventral parts of spinal cord). In addition, intracerebroventricular injection of the α(1)-adrenergic receptor antagonist

2010 American Journal of Physiology. Renal physiology

133. Nimodipine Enhances {alpha}2 Adrenergic Modulation of NMDA Receptor Via A Mechanism Independent of Ca++ Channel Blocking. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Nimodipine Enhances {alpha}2 Adrenergic Modulation of NMDA Receptor Via A Mechanism Independent of Ca++ Channel Blocking. To further understand alpha2 receptor signaling in the retina and the mechanisms that mediate ocular beneficial effects of brimonidine (an alpha2 agonist) and nimodipine (an L-type Ca(2+) channel blocker).The authors used in situ retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) in the isolated rat retina to characterize alpha2 modulation of NMDA receptor function and a rabbit retinal NMDA (...) -elicited currents in RGCs. This suppressive effect of brimonidine was substantially enhanced by background addition of nimodipine or isradipine, but not by diltiazem, verapamil, or cadmium. This effect of nimodipine was blocked by either a selective alpha2 antagonist, a cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) analogue, or an adenylate cyclase activator, indicating that nimodipine acts through the alpha2 receptor-G(alphai)-coupled pathway. Brimonidine protects RGCs in the rabbit excitotoxicity model

2010 Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science

135. Pharmacologic and Nonpharmacologic Therapies in Adult Patients With Exacerbation of COPD

, in patients with glucose intolerance and diabetes. 35 Short-acting beta adrenergic agonists (SABAs) and short-acting muscarinic antagonists (SAMAs) are established treatments to relieve dyspnea and improve airflow obstruction during ECOPD, but the benefits of combining SABAs and SAMAs compared with using SABAs or SAMAs alone are unclear. 36 Long-acting bronchodilators and inhaled corticosteroids have historically only be used in stable COPD, but there is emerging evidence that an increase in dosage (...) Table 13. Comparison of oral mucolytics versus control, additional outcomes 24 Table 14. Comparison of inhaled corticosteroids with or without inhaled short- and long-acting bronchodilators versus placebo, critical outcomes 25 Table 15. Comparison of inhaled corticosteroids with or without inhaled short- and long-acting bronchodilators versus placebo, additional outcomes 25 Table 16. Comparison of inhaled antibiotics versus placebo 26 Table 17. Long-acting muscarinic antagonists versus placebo 26

2019 Effective Health Care Program (AHRQ)

136. Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia: Surgical Management of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia/Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms

are employed to treat LUTS attributed to BPH, including alpha- adrenergic antagonists (alpha-blockers), beta adrenergic agonists, 5-alpha- reductase inhibitors (5- ARIs), anticholinergics, vasopressin analogs, PDE-5 inhibitors, and phytotherapeutics, which can be utilized alone or in combination to take advantage of their different mechanisms of action. Conversely, there exist clinical scenarios when either conservative management , including life style changes (e.g., fluid restriction, avoidance

2019 American Urological Association

137. Treatment for Acute Pain: An Evidence Map

several classes. Pain relieving analgesics include opioids, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and acetaminophen. These are often used in combination. Based on putative pain mechanisms, providers may also manage acute pain with muscle relaxants, antidepressants, alpha-2 agonists, GABA analogues, corticosteroids, NMDA receptor antagonists, local anesthetics, cannabinoids, among others. 23, 24 Topical agents such as capsaicin and lidocaine are also used. 23 Many medications for pain

2019 Effective Health Care Program (AHRQ)

138. Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia: Surgical Management of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia/Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms

are employed to treat LUTS attributed to BPH, including alpha-adrenergic antagonists (alpha-blockers), beta adrenergic agonists, 5-alpha- reductase inhibitors (5-ARIs), anticholinergics, vasopressin analogs, PDE-5 inhibitors, and phytotherapeutics, which can be utilized alone or in combination to take advantage of their different mechanisms of action. Conversely, there exist clinical scenarios when either conservative management , including life style changes (e.g., fluid restriction, avoidance (...) of renal deterioration if inadequately treated on medication. Long standing BOO from BPH can progress to incomplete bladder emptying, bilateral hydroureteronephrosis, and ultimately acute and/or chronic renal insufficiency. Although transient urethral catheterization with concomitant medical therapy using an alpha adrenergic antagonist can be considered, it is unlikely that the latter will adequately ameliorate the obstructive process to sufficiently prevent further upper urinary tract deterioration

2019 American Urological Association

139. Pruritus

33 6.4.3 Glucocorticosteroids 33 6.4.4 Opioid receptor agonists and antagonists 34 6.4.5 Gabapentin and pregabalin 35 6.4.6 Antidepressants 36 6.4.7 Serotonin receptor antagonists 38 6.4.8 Thalidomide 39 6.4.9 Leukotriene receptor antagonists and TNFa antagonists 39 6.4.10 Cyclosporine, methotrexate, azathioprine and tacrolimus 40 6.4.11 Neurokinin receptor 1 antagonist 41 6.4.12 Biologics 42 6.4.13 Physical treatment modalities 43 6.5 Ultraviolet phototherapy 45 6.6 Treament in special (...) -receptor opioid antagonists such as nalmefene and naltrexone supports the hypothesis that opioid receptors and a high opioid tone influences ChP (Bergasa, Schmitt et al. 1998). 11 4.1.4 Pruritus in metabolic and endocrine diseases In endocrine disorders such as hyperthyroidism and diabetes mellitus, less than 10% of patients report pruritus (Neilly, Martin et al. 1986, Jabbour 2003). In patients with hypothyroidism, pruritus is most probably driven by xerosis of the skin. Patients with primary

2019 European Dermatology Forum

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