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Adrenal Mass

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61. Bilateral primary adrenal diffuse large B cell lymphoma without adrenal insufficiency: A case report and review of the literature (PubMed)

Bilateral primary adrenal diffuse large B cell lymphoma without adrenal insufficiency: A case report and review of the literature Primary adrenal lymphoma (PAL) is an infrequent malignant tumor, occurring in the bilateral adrenal glands as a mass in the majority of cases. The current study presents a case of bilateral primary adrenal diffuse large B cell lymphoma in a 52-year-old female patient, who presented with abdominal pain in the left lumbar region for ~2 weeks. Abdominal ultrasound (...) examination and computed tomography scanning revealed a mass of 132×119×101 mm on the left adrenal gland and a mass of 53×27 mm on the right adrenal gland. A percutaneous biopsy was performed and histopathological examination further confirmed this lesion as diffuse large B cell lymphoma. The present study highlights the importance of early diagnosis of PAL, and performs a literature review of the subject.

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2017 Molecular and clinical oncology

62. Integrated Imaging Characterization of Adrenal Adenoma: False-Positive Metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) Findings of Adrenal Scintigraphy (PubMed)

Integrated Imaging Characterization of Adrenal Adenoma: False-Positive Metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) Findings of Adrenal Scintigraphy Evaluation of a patient with melanoma in whom an adrenal mass was detected on CT and MR during follow-up and further characterized with PET-CT and MIBG scintigraphy.In this case report, we describe a patient with melanoma in whom an adrenal mass was detected on CT and MRI during post-surgical follow-up and was further characterized with radionuclide studies (...) consisting of PET-CT and MIBG scintigraphy. Although the results of imaging studies suggested that the mass was a pheochromocytoma, a cortical adrenal adenoma was histologically proven.Integrated structural and functional imaging is recommended to characterize adrenal tumors; however, mistakes may occur and therefore careful imaging evaluation is required.

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2017 Polish Journal of Radiology

63. Sonographic Appearance of Testicular Adrenal Rest Tumour in a Patient with Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia (PubMed)

Sonographic Appearance of Testicular Adrenal Rest Tumour in a Patient with Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia Testicular adrenal rest tumours (TARTs) are benign testicular masses that are found in inadequately treated patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH). Recognizing this association and identifying characteristic ultrasound features of TARTs is important so as to avoid misdiagnosing them as malignancies, which can lead to unnecessary interventions.We describe a case of a 9-year-old (...) boy, with a diagnosis of CAH and precocious puberty, who was referred to our department for an ultrasound evaluation of the abdomen and scrotum. On ultrasound, there were well-defined, heterogeneous, predominantly hypoechoic, round-to-oval masses in both testes. Taking into account the presence of CAH and a typical sonographic appearance of bilateral testicular masses, a diagnosis of testicular adrenal rest tumour was made; biopsy was deferred and hormonal treatment was modified.Prompt diagnosis

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2017 Polish Journal of Radiology

64. An exceedingly rare adrenal collision tumor: adrenal adenoma–metastatic breast cancer–myelolipoma (PubMed)

, and abdominal fullness. The physical examination and the laboratory data including endocrine studies were unremarkable. Computed tomography of the abdomen showed a right adrenal gland mass, and a laparoscopic right adrenalectomy was performed. Histological and immunohistochemical examinations revealed three distinct tumors: an adrenal cortical adenoma, a myelolipoma, and metastatic breast tumors. Breast cancer metastases are rare in the adrenal gland and exist as ACTs only in exceptionally rare cases (...) An exceedingly rare adrenal collision tumor: adrenal adenoma–metastatic breast cancer–myelolipoma Adrenal collision tumors (ACTs), in which distinct tumors coexist without histological intermingling in the same adrenal gland, are rare and their actual prevalence is unknown. ACTs commonly consist of adrenal cortical adenoma, myelolipoma, or metastatic malignant tumor. We report a 58-year-old woman with a past history of breast cancer, who presented with a 1 month history of fevers, chills

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2017 Journal of community hospital internal medicine perspectives

65. Primary Adrenal Lymphoma Presenting with Adrenal Failure: A Case Report and Review of the Literature (PubMed)

Primary Adrenal Lymphoma Presenting with Adrenal Failure: A Case Report and Review of the Literature Primary adrenal lymphoma is rare, with a few cases reported in the literature. Most often it manifests as bilateral adrenal lesions and adrenal insufficiency is a common complication.A 53-year-old male was referred with abdominal discomfort and darkening of the skin since 1 month prior to admission. His workups detected large bilateral adrenal masses. The patient was admitted due to hypotension (...) worsened thereafter and died 2 months later.However, this case reminded the importance of considering primary adrenal lymphoma in the differential diagnosis of bilateral adrenal masses, especially if the patient presents with adrenal insufficiency.

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2017 International journal of endocrinology and metabolism

66. Severe Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia Presenting as Bilateral Testicular Tumors and Azoospermia in the Third Decade of Life (PubMed)

chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry revealed a high serum progesterone level, high 17-hydroxyprogesterone (17OHP) (255 ng/mL), and high levels of 17OHP metabolites, suggesting a classic form of 21OHD. His blood pressure was normal. Molecular analysis showed a homozygous large 21-hydroxylase gene (CYP21A2) conversion. Furthermore, an adrenal CT scan revealed voluminous, heterogeneous bilateral and asymmetric adrenal masses containing calcifications. Our case report illustrates the fact that a classic form (...) Severe Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia Presenting as Bilateral Testicular Tumors and Azoospermia in the Third Decade of Life Classic forms of 21-hydroxylase deficiency (21OHD) are usually diagnosed at birth by salt wasting or precocious puberty in male patients. Here we report the case of a 32-year-old male patient who presented with azoospermia and bilateral testicular tumors. He was referred to our endocrine unit after testicular surgery. His gonadotropins were undetectable. Liquid

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2018 Journal of the Endocrine Society

67. Investigation of adrenal and thyroid gland dysfunction in dogs with ultrasonographic diagnosis of gallbladder mucocele formation. (PubMed)

prevalence of occult and atypical abnormalities in adrenal cortical and thyroid gland function that would suggest the presence of endocrine disruption and provide deeper insight into disease pathogenesis. We performed a case-control study of dogs with and without ultrasonographic diagnosis of gallbladder mucocele formation and profiled adrenal cortical function using a quantitative mass spectrometry-based assay of serum adrenal-origin steroids before and after administration of synthetic cosyntropin. We (...) Investigation of adrenal and thyroid gland dysfunction in dogs with ultrasonographic diagnosis of gallbladder mucocele formation. Gallbladder mucocele formation is an emerging disease in dogs characterized by increased secretion of condensed granules of gel-forming mucin by the gallbladder epithelium and formation of an abnormally thick mucus that can culminate in obstruction of the bile duct or rupture of the gallbladder. The disease is associated with a high morbidity and mortality and its

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2019 PLoS ONE

68. Salivary Cortisol and Cortisone After Low-Dose Corticotropin Stimulation in the Diagnosis of Adrenal Insufficiency (PubMed)

Salivary Cortisol and Cortisone After Low-Dose Corticotropin Stimulation in the Diagnosis of Adrenal Insufficiency Basal and poststimulation salivary cortisol and cortisone levels can be useful in the diagnosis of adrenal insufficiency. However, little is known about the optimal cutoffs and performance characteristics of these tests.To derive the cutoff values and study the performance characteristics of salivary cortisol and salivary cortisone in the diagnosis of adrenal (...) insufficiency.Prospective study in a regional hospital in Hong Kong from January 2014 to September 2015.Fifty-six Chinese healthy volunteers and 171 patients suspected of having adrenal insufficiency.All participants underwent low-dose short Synacthen test (LDSST) with intravenous injection of 1 μg of tetracosactide (Synacthen 1-24). Serum cortisol, salivary cortisol and cortisone levels were measured at baseline and 30 and 60 minutes afterward.Using the reference cutoff (mean - 2 standard deviations of post-LDSST peak

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2017 Journal of the Endocrine Society

69. Maffucci Syndrome Associated With Adrenocorticotropic Hormone–Independent Bilateral Macronodular Adrenal Hyperplasia (PubMed)

patient presenting a history suggestive of secondary arterial hypertension and typical features of Maffucci syndrome (multiple hemangiomas and enchondromas), which were unrecognized over the previous 3 decades. Given that endocrine diseases are common causes of secondary arterial hypertension and are often associated with Maffucci syndrome, a comprehensive diagnostic workup was performed, revealing the presence of large bilateral adrenal masses (70 mm right, 35 mm left) and autonomous cortisol (...) endocrine diseases and malignancies. Among them, unilateral cortical adrenal masses have been previously described, but to our knowledge, this is the first reported case of Maffucci syndrome associated with primary bilateral macronodular adrenal hyperplasia. Additional studies are needed to establish the etiopathological link between these 2 entities and, more in general, between Maffucci syndrome and endocrine diseases, but possible common genetic alterations may be suggested.

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2017 Journal of the Endocrine Society

70. Ectopic Thyroid Tissue in the Adrenal Gland Mimicking a Pheochromocytoma (PubMed)

Ectopic Thyroid Tissue in the Adrenal Gland Mimicking a Pheochromocytoma Ectopic thyroid tissue in the adrenal gland (ETTAG) usually presents as a well-circumscribed cystic mass on a CT scan. However, the MRI features of ETTAG are incompletely understood. We report a case of ectopic thyroid tissue in the adrenal gland, which demonstrates findings similar to those of a pheochromocytoma on the MRI.

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2017 Journal of endourology case reports

71. Renal mass and localized renal cancer: AUA guideline.

findings suggest metastasis or direct invasion of the adrenal gland. ( Clinical Principle ) In patients undergoing surgical excision of a renal mass, a minimally invasive approach should be considered when it would not compromise oncologic, functional and perioperative outcomes. ( Expert Opinion ) Pathologic evaluation of the adjacent renal parenchyma should be performed after PN or RN to assess for possible intrinsic renal disease, particularly for patients with CKD or risk factors for developing CKD (...) Renal mass and localized renal cancer: AUA guideline. Renal mass and localized renal cancer: AUA guideline. | National Guideline Clearinghouse success fail JUN 09 2017 2018 2019 14 Apr 2018 - 12 Jul 2018 COLLECTED BY Organization: Formed in 2009, the Archive Team (not to be confused with the archive.org Archive-It Team) is a rogue archivist collective dedicated to saving copies of rapidly dying or deleted websites for the sake of history and digital heritage. The group is 100% composed

2017 National Guideline Clearinghouse (partial archive)

72. Renal Mass and Localized Renal Cancer

should perform adrenalectomy if imaging and/or intraoperative findings suggest metastasis or direct invasion of the adrenal gland. (Clinical Principle) In patients undergoing surgical excision of a renal mass, a minimally invasive approach should be considered when it would not compromise oncologic, functional and perioperative outcomes. (Expert Opinion) Pathologic evaluation of the adjacent renal parenchyma should be performed after PN or RN to assess for possible intrinsic renal disease (...) and aggressive tumor biology. Contrast-enhanced abdominal imaging (CT or MRI) best characterizes the mass, provides information regarding renal morphology (of the affected and unaffected kidney), assesses extrarenal tumor spread (venous invasion or regional lymphadenopathy) and evaluates the adrenal glands and other abdominal organs for visceral metastases. Patients with CKD and GFR less than 45 ml/min/1.73m 2 should receive contrast with caution as iodinated contrast agents can transiently or permanently

2017 American Urological Association

73. Management of Small Renal Masses

Management of Small Renal Masses Management of Small Renal Masses: American Society of Clinical Oncology Clinical Practice Guideline | Journal of Clinical Oncology Search in: Menu Article Tools ASCO SPECIAL ARTICLE Article Tools OPTIONS & TOOLS COMPANION ARTICLES April, 01 2017 May, 10 2017 ARTICLE CITATION DOI: 10.1200/JCO.2016.69.9645 Journal of Clinical Oncology - published online before print January 17, 2017 PMID: Management of Small Renal Masses: American Society of Clinical Oncology (...) , Levine Cancer Institute, Charlotte, NC; William Lowrance, University of Utah, Huntsman Cancer Institute, Salt Lake City, UT; R. Houston Thompson, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN; and Robert Uzzo, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA. A.F. and P.R. were Expert Panel co-chairs. Abstract Section: Purpose To provide recommendations for the management options for patients with small renal masses (SRMs). Methods By using a literature search and prospectively defined study selection, we sought systematic

2017 American Society of Clinical Oncology Guidelines

74. The importance of adrenal hypoandrogenism in infertile women with low functional ovarian reserve: a case study of associated adrenal insufficiency (PubMed)

The importance of adrenal hypoandrogenism in infertile women with low functional ovarian reserve: a case study of associated adrenal insufficiency Low testosterone (T), whether due to ovarian and/or adrenal insufficiency, usually results in poor follicle maturation at small growing follicle stages. The consequence is a phenotype of low functional ovarian reserve (LFOR), characterized by poor granulosa cell mass, low anti-Müllerian hormone and estradiol but rising follicle stimulating hormone (...) . Such hypoandrogenism can be of ovarian and/or adrenal origin. Dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) is exclusively produced by adrenals and, therefore, reflects adrenal androgen production in the zona reticularis. We here determined in a case study of infertile women with LFOR the presence of adrenal hypoandrogenism, its effects on ovarian function, and the possibility of presence of concomitant adrenal insufficiency (AI), thus reflecting insufficiency of all three adrenal cortical zonae.We searched our center's

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2016 Reproductive biology and endocrinology : RB&E

75. Bilateral primary adrenal lymphoma with adrenal insufficiency (PubMed)

Bilateral primary adrenal lymphoma with adrenal insufficiency Primary adrenal lymphoma is an extremely rare condition. We describe a case of bilateral adrenal lymphoma in a man aged 55 years who was admitted to our hospital. He had a 3-month history of left flank pain, nausea and vomiting with weight loss. A CT scan at a private hospital revealed bilateral large adrenal masses; the patient was referred to our centre based on these findings. He was evaluated for pheochromocytoma (...) by an endocrinology team; however, all findings were negative. In addition, a cosyntropin stimulation test indicated adrenal insufficiency. A Trucut biopsy of the adrenal gland revealed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma of the adrenal glands, and the patient responded extremely well to chemotherapy.2016 BMJ Publishing Group Ltd.

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2016 BMJ case reports

76. Acute adrenal insufficiency secondary to bilateral adrenal B-cell lymphoma: a case report and review of the literature (PubMed)

Acute adrenal insufficiency secondary to bilateral adrenal B-cell lymphoma: a case report and review of the literature Primary adrenal lymphoma is an extremely rare entity which constitutes less than 1% of extranodal lymphomas. Most cases present with bilateral adrenal masses and without extraadrenal involvement, which can lead to symptoms of adrenal insufficiency. The prognosis is usually poor and chemotherapy is the first-line treatment option. We report here on a 78-year-old man admitted (...) to our Internal Medicine Department because of constitutional symptoms and high fever spikes. He was diagnosed with adrenal insufficiency and a CT-scan revealed bilateral adrenal masses of about 6 cm in diameter. A percutaneous biopsy was performed and the histological exam was consistent with diffuse large B cell lymphoma. A review of the literature of this unusual entity was also carried out.

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2016 Ecancermedicalscience

77. Management of adrenal incidentalomas: European Society of Endocrinology Clinical Practice Guideline in collaboration with the European Network for the Study of Adrenal Tumors. (PubMed)

Management of adrenal incidentalomas: European Society of Endocrinology Clinical Practice Guideline in collaboration with the European Network for the Study of Adrenal Tumors. : By definition, an adrenal incidentaloma is an asymptomatic adrenal mass detected on imaging not performed for suspected adrenal disease. In most cases, adrenal incidentalomas are nonfunctioning adrenocortical adenomas, but may also represent conditions requiring therapeutic intervention (e.g. adrenocortical carcinoma (...) of malignancy?; (B) How to define and manage low-level autonomous cortisol secretion, formerly called 'subclinical' Cushing's syndrome?; (C) Who should have surgical treatment and how should it be performed?; (D) What follow-up is indicated if the adrenal incidentaloma is not surgically removed? SELECTED RECOMMENDATIONS: (i) At the time of initial detection of an adrenal mass establishing whether the mass is benign or malignant is an important aim to avoid cumbersome and expensive follow-up imaging in those

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2016 European Journal of Endocrinology

78. Massive adrenal vein aneurysm mimicking an adrenal tumor in a patient with hemophilia A: a case report and review of the literature (PubMed)

Massive adrenal vein aneurysm mimicking an adrenal tumor in a patient with hemophilia A: a case report and review of the literature Visceral venous aneurysms are exceedingly rare, and until now, there have been no reports of this phenomenon in the adrenal vasculature. This report details the first adrenal venous aneurysm reported in the literature. The aneurysm presented as an 18-cm mass that was initially suspected to be a hematoma or tumor on the basis of the complex medical history (...) of the patient, which included hemophilia A and testicular cancer. After surgical excision, pathologic examination confirmed this mass to be a 15.9-cm adrenal vein aneurysm, the largest aneurysm of any type or location recorded in the medical literature.A 58-year-old caucasian male with hemophilia A presented to the emergency room of another institution with abdominal pain, blood in the stool, and a history of diverticulosis and symptomatic hemorrhoids. A large, left-sided adrenal mass was detected

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2016 Journal of medical case reports

79. Adrenal Collision Tumor: Coexistence of Pigmented Adrenal Cortical Oncocytoma and Ganglioneuroma (PubMed)

with abnormal imaging findings. The physical examination and the laboratory data including endocrine studies were unremarkable. Abdomen computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed two adjacent masses in the left suprarenal fossa, and a laparoscopic left adrenalectomy was done. Histological and immunohistochemical (IHC) examinations revealed two distinct tumors: a pigmented adrenal cortical oncocytoma (ACO) and a ganglioneuroma, respectively. Conclusion. Both tumors are rare (...) Adrenal Collision Tumor: Coexistence of Pigmented Adrenal Cortical Oncocytoma and Ganglioneuroma Background. Adrenal collision tumors (ACTs), in which distinct tumors coexist without intermingling in the same adrenal gland, are rare and their actual prevalence is unknown. ACTs commonly consist of adrenal cortical adenoma, pheochromocytoma, or metastatic malignant tumor. Case Report. A 32-year-old woman who had been experiencing gastric discomfort for one month was referred to our hospital

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2016 Case reports in surgery

80. A rare case of pure testosterone-secreting adrenal adenoma in a postmenopausal elderly woman. (PubMed)

elevated serum testosterone level (714.8 ng/ml), whereas DHEAS, androstenedione, 17-hydroxyprogesterone, and cortisol were within the normal range. Imaging examination showed a mass of 1.5 cm in diameter in the left adrenal gland and normal appearance of both ovaries. PET-CT indicated that it was a case of benign adrenal adenoma and excluded ovarian abnormalities and other ectopic tumors. Thus, a pure testosterone-secreting adrenal tumor was suspected and then adrenalectomy was performed. Histology (...) A rare case of pure testosterone-secreting adrenal adenoma in a postmenopausal elderly woman. Hyperandrogenemia is more common in puberty and reproductive age, but relatively rare in postmenopausal women. Postmenopausal virilization may result from androgen-producing tumors. Androgen-secreting adrenal tumors are rare in clinical practice and are diagnosed as adrenocortical carcinoma, most of which can co-secrete androgen and cortisol. Highly elevated serum testosterone level with normal adrenal

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2019 BMC Endocrine Disorders

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