How to Trip Rapid Review

Step 1: Select articles relevant to your search (remember the system is only optimised for single intervention studies)

Step 2: press

Step 3: review the result, and maybe amend the or if you know better! If we're unsure of the overall sentiment of the trial we will display the conclusion under the article title. We then require you to tell us what the correct sentiment is.

735 results for

Adrenal Anatomy

Latest & greatest

Export results

Use check boxes to select individual results below

SmartSearch available

Trip's SmartSearch engine has discovered connected searches & results. Click to show

161. Indocyanine green fluorescence imaging during partial adrenalectomy. (Abstract)

of the hypofluorescent pheochromocytoma and to resect the entire tumor. On the right side, due to the more apparent anatomy, ICG imaging did not contribute to the conduct of the operation. Four adrenal remnants showed a strong vascularization and two remnants were only reasonably vascularized.ICG fluorescence may be helpful in guiding partial adrenalectomy and assessing the vascularity of remaining adrenal tissue. (...) pheochromocytoma and bilateral Cushing's syndrome. A first bolus of 5 mg ICG was applied intravenously upon exposure of the retroperitoneal plane to identify the adrenal borders. The fluorescence was visualized using a Storz® NIR/ICG endoscopic system. As the camera of this system detects NIR light as a blue signal, the well-vascularized adrenal tissue was expected to show a strong fluorescence in the blue color channel in contrast to the surrounding adipose tissue. Following partial adrenalectomy, a second

2020 Surgical endoscopy

162. Adrenalectomy for Primary Aldosteronism: Significant Variability in Work-Up Strategies and Low Guideline Adherence in Worldwide Daily Clinical Practice. Full Text available with Trip Pro

with not performing adrenal venous sampling (AVS) were analyzed.In total, 435 patients were eligible. An aldosterone-to-renin ratio, confirmatory test, computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging and AVS were performed in 82.9%, 32.9%, 86.9%, 17.0% and 65.3% of patients, respectively. A complete work-up, as recommended by the guideline, was performed in 13.1% of patients. Bilateral disease or normal adrenal anatomy on CT (OR 16.19; CI 3.50-74.99), smaller tumor size on CT (OR 0.06; CI 0.04-0.08

2020 World Journal of Surgery

163. Adult Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Treatment (PDQ®): Health Professional Version

. Deaths: 19,970. Anatomy NHL usually originates in lymphoid tissues. Anatomy of the lymph system. Prognosis and Survival NHL can be divided into two prognostic groups: the indolent lymphomas and the aggressive lymphomas. Indolent NHL types have a relatively good prognosis with a median survival as long as 20 years, but they usually are not curable in advanced clinical stages.[ ] Early-stage (stage I and stage II) indolent NHL can be effectively treated with radiation therapy alone. Most

2018 PDQ - NCI's Comprehensive Cancer Database

164. Genetics of Endocrine and Neuroendocrine Neoplasias (PDQ®): Health Professional Version

to the , , and sections of this summary for more information.) PGLs and PHEOs are rare tumors arising from chromaffin cells, which have the ability to synthesize, store, and secrete catecholamines and neuropeptides. In 2004, the World Health Organization characterized PHEOs as adrenal gland tumors and PGLs as extra-adrenal tumors.[ ] Either tumor may occur sporadically, as a manifestation of a hereditary syndrome, or as the sole tumor in familial PGL and PHEO syndrome. (Refer to the section of this summary for more (...) -Associated Tumors Other manifestations of MEN1 include carcinoids of the foregut (5%–10% of MEN1 patients). These are typically bronchial or thymic and are sometimes gastric. Skin lesions are also common and can include facial angiofibromas (up to 80% of MEN1 patients) and collagenomas (~75% of MEN1 patients).[ ] Lipomas (~30% of MEN1 patients) and adrenal cortical lesions (up to 50% of MEN1 patients), including cortical adenomas, diffuse or nodular hyperplasia, or rarely, carcinoma are also common

2018 PDQ - NCI's Comprehensive Cancer Database

165. Prostate Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Health Professional Version

, and the optimal treatment of each stage of the disease.[ - ] Incidence and Mortality Estimated new cases and deaths from prostate cancer in the United States in 2019:[ ][ ] New cases: 174,650. Deaths: 31,620. Anatomy Figure 1. Anatomy of the male reproductive and urinary systems. Screening The issue of prostate cancer screening is controversial. In the United States, most prostate cancers are diagnosed because of screening, either with a PSA blood test or, less frequently, with a digital rectal examination

2018 PDQ - NCI's Comprehensive Cancer Database

168. Adrenocortical Carcinoma Treatment (PDQ®): Patient Version

Adrenocortical Carcinoma Key Points for This Section Adrenocortical carcinoma is a rare disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the outer layer of the adrenal gland. There are two . The adrenal glands are small and shaped like a triangle. One adrenal gland sits on top of each . Each adrenal gland has two parts. The outer layer of the adrenal gland is the . The center of the adrenal gland is the . Anatomy of the adrenal gland. There are two adrenal glands, one on top of each kidney. The outer part (...) of each gland is the adrenal cortex; the inner part is the adrenal medulla. The adrenal cortex makes important that: Balance the water and salt in the body. Help keep normal. Help control the body's use of , fat, and . Cause the body to have masculine or feminine characteristics. is also called of the adrenal cortex. A of the adrenal cortex may be (makes more hormones than normal) or (does not make more hormones than normal). Most adrenocortical tumors are functioning. The hormones made by functioning

2018 PDQ - NCI's Comprehensive Cancer Database

169. Pituitary Tumors Treatment (PDQ®): Patient Version

Tumors Key Points for This Section A pituitary tumor is a growth of abnormal cells in the tissues of the pituitary gland. form in the , a pea-sized in the center of the brain, just above the back of the nose. The pituitary gland is sometimes called the "master " because it makes that affect the way many parts of the body work. It also controls hormones made by many other glands in the body. Anatomy of the inside of the brain, showing the pineal and pituitary glands, optic nerve, ventricles (...) that is collected for three days. This test is done to check if the adrenal gland is making too much cortisol or if the pituitary gland is telling the adrenal glands to make too much cortisol. Low-dose dexamethasone suppression test : A test in which one or more small doses of dexamethasone are given. The level of cortisol is checked from a sample of blood or from urine that is collected for three days. This test is done to check if the adrenal gland is making too much cortisol. for pituitary tumors

2018 PDQ - NCI's Comprehensive Cancer Database

170. Renal Cell Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Patient Version

until it passes through the and leaves the body. Anatomy of the male urinary system (left panel) and female urinary system (right panel) showing the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. Urine is made in the renal tubules and collects in the renal pelvis of each kidney. The urine flows from the kidneys through the ureters to the bladder. The urine is stored in the bladder until it leaves the body through the urethra. Cancer that starts in the ureters or the (the part of the kidney that collects (...) nodes. Stage IV Stage IV kidney cancer. Cancer has spread a) beyond the layer of fatty tissue around the kidney and may have spread into the adrenal gland above the kidney with cancer, or b) to other parts of the body, such as the brain, lung, liver, adrenal gland, bone, or distant lymph nodes. In , one of the following is found: has spread beyond the layer of fatty around the and may have spread into the above the kidney with cancer or to nearby ; or cancer has spread to other parts of the body

2018 PDQ - NCI's Comprehensive Cancer Database

171. Neuroblastoma Treatment (PDQ®): Health Professional Version

without clinical detection in the first year of life is at least as prevalent as clinically detected neuroblastoma.[ - ] Epidemiologic studies have shown that environmental or other exposures have not been unequivocally associated with increased or decreased incidences of neuroblastoma.[ ] Anatomy Neuroblastoma originates in the adrenal medulla and paraspinal or periaortic regions where sympathetic nervous system tissue is present (refer to ). Figure 1. Neuroblastoma may be found in the adrenal glands (...) neuroblastoma group, and 8% in the low-risk neuroblastoma group. The high-risk group included tumors with ALK aberrations, consisting of ALK co-amplification with MYCN amplification, which may also result in ALK activation. In a study that compared the genomic data of primary diagnostic neuroblastomas originating in the adrenal gland (n = 646) with that of neuroblastomas originating in the thoracic sympathetic ganglia (n = 118), 16% of thoracic tumors harbored ALK mutations.[ ] Small-molecule ALK kinase

2018 PDQ - NCI's Comprehensive Cancer Database

172. Wilms Tumor and Other Childhood Kidney Tumors Treatment (PDQ®): Patient Version

a into the . The bladder holds the urine until it passes through the and leaves the body. Anatomy of the female urinary system showing the kidneys, adrenal glands, ureters, bladder, and urethra. Urine is made in the renal tubules and collects in the renal pelvis of each kidney. The urine flows from the kidneys through the ureters to the bladder. The urine is stored in the bladder until it leaves the body through the urethra. There are many types of childhood kidney tumors. Wilms Tumor In , one or more may be found

2018 PDQ - NCI's Comprehensive Cancer Database

173. Thyroid Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Health Professional Version

%, but it is higher in people younger than 40 years and in people with calcifications present on preoperative ultrasonography.[ , ] Anatomy Thyroid gland tissue envelops the upper trachea just below the thyroid and cricoid cartilages that make up the larynx. The gland has an isthmus and often asymmetric right and left lobes; usually four parathyroid glands lie posteriorly. When swallowing, the thyroid may be felt to rise with the larynx—most commonly in the presence of a disease process. Anatomy of the thyroid

2018 PDQ - NCI's Comprehensive Cancer Database

174. Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Patient Version

and left lungs. The bronchi are sometimes also involved in . Tiny air sacs called and small tubes called make up the inside of the lungs. Anatomy of the respiratory system, showing the trachea and both lungs and their lobes and airways. Lymph nodes and the diaphragm are also shown. Oxygen is inhaled into the lungs and passes through the thin membranes of the alveoli and into the bloodstream (see inset). A thin called the covers the outside of each lung and lines the inside wall of the chest (...) ; and/or (b) cancer is found in fluid around the lungs or heart or there are cancer nodules in the lining around the lungs or the sac around the heart; and/or (c) cancer has spread to one place in an organ or tissue not near the lung, such as the brain, adrenal gland, kidney, liver, or bone, or to a lymph node that is not near the lung. The may be any size and may have spread to the . One or more of the following is found: There are one or more tumors in the that does not have the . Cancer is found

2018 PDQ - NCI's Comprehensive Cancer Database

175. Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Health Professional Version

at diagnosis.[ ] Anatomy NSCLC arises from the epithelial cells of the lung of the central bronchi to terminal alveoli. The histological type of NSCLC correlates with site of origin, reflecting the variation in respiratory tract epithelium of the bronchi to alveoli. Squamous cell carcinoma usually starts near a central bronchus. Adenocarcinoma and bronchioloalveolar carcinoma usually originate in peripheral lung tissue. Anatomy of the respiratory system. Pathogenesis Smoking-related lung carcinogenesis (...) number of lymph nodes sampled, it suggests that an evaluation of nodal status should include 11 to 16 lymph nodes. CT imaging CT scanning is primarily used for determining the size of the tumor. The CT scan should extend inferiorly to include the liver and adrenal glands. MRI scans of the thorax and upper abdomen do not appear to yield advantages over CT scans.[ ] Evidence (CT scan): A systematic review of the medical literature relating to the accuracy of CT scanning for noninvasive staging

2018 PDQ - NCI's Comprehensive Cancer Database

176. Genetics of Kidney Cancer (Renal Cell Cancer) (PDQ®): Health Professional Version

arrow) with a dominant cystic component (white arrow). Figure 3. Hemangioblastomas are the most common disease manifestation in patients with von Hippel-Lindau disease. Multiple spinal cord hemangioblastomas are shown. Pheochromocytomas and paragangliomas The rate of pheochromocytoma formation in the VHL patient population is 25% to 30%.[ , ] Of patients with VHL-associated pheochromocytomas, 44% developed disease in both adrenal glands.[ ] The rate of malignant transformation is very low. Levels

2018 PDQ - NCI's Comprehensive Cancer Database

177. A systematic review of evidence on malignant spinal metastases: natural history and technologies for identifying patients at high risk of vertebral fracture and spinal cord compression

allows detailed evaluation of the bony anatomy of the spine, allowing preoperative and intraoperative surgical planning and postoperative consideration. 66,67 In addition, CT also provides images of vertebral arteries, and the characteristics, extent and overall instability of a fracture. It has been suggested that CT usually complements the findings of MRI. 10 Myelography may be used in patients who are unable to undergo MRI because of metallic implants or foreign bodies. 8 There is active

2013 NIHR HTA programme

178. Amenorrhoea

(for example, due to chemotherapy, radiotherapy, or autoimmune disease). In those with features of androgen excess (such as hirsutism, acne, and virilization) — polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), Cushing's syndrome, late-onset congenital adrenal hyperplasia, and androgen-secreting tumours of the ovary or adrenal gland. A thorough history and examination should be done to help identify the cause of amenorrhoea. The following preliminary investigations may be considered in primary care to aid diagnosis (...) 40 years of age). Recent history of uterine or cervical surgery, or severe pelvic infection. Infertility. Suspected PCOS (if diagnosis is not feasible in primary care). Referral to an endocrinologist should be arranged for women with secondary amenorrhoea and any of the following: Hyperprolactinaemia. Low FSH and LH. An increased testosterone level not explained by PCOS. Features of Cushing's syndrome or late-onset congenital adrenal hyperplasia. Women with secondary amenorrhoea due to PCOS

2018 NICE Clinical Knowledge Summaries

To help you find the content you need quickly, you can filter your results via the categories on the right-hand side >>>>