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Adrenal Anatomy

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622. Kidney displacement simulator for retroperitoneal laparoscopic nephrectomy. (PubMed)

was displaced ventral using a retroperitoneal balloon. These findings were compared with video images obtained during laparoscopy surgery.The kidney displacement simulator depicted all renal arteries (100% sensitivity) and 13 of 14 renal veins (93% sensitivity). Hilar anatomy, including the tumor, as well as major vessels and their relationships were visualized by the simulator in the laparoscopic views. The major vessel portions completely corresponded to those seen during surgery, and the left adrenal (...) and gonadal veins were also synchronized quite well.Our kidney displacement simulator was able to visualize the major vessel portions and branched small vessels, such as the adrenal and gonadal veins, prior to surgery. It is considered useful for providing guidance to surgeons and decreasing operative risks and possible complications.

2005 Journal of Urology

623. Brain Imaging in Depression

, cholinomimetic drugs (i.e., muscarinic agonists, acetylcholinesterase inhibitors) exacerbate depressive signs and symptoms such as dysphoria, psychomotor retardation, impairment of attention and memory, hypothalamic pituitary adrenal axis hyperactivity and sleep EEG abnormalities. In healthy subjects, the acetylcholinesterase inhibitor physostigmine elicits a range of depressive symptoms including dysphoria, anergia, psychomotor slowing, emotional lability, sleep disturbances, memory and concentration (...) in the last year, c) psychosis to the extent that the ability to provide informed consent is in doubt, d) history of any major psychiatric disorder (other than the target mood disorder) arising temporally before the initial mood episode, e) medical or neurological illnesses (i.e. seizure disorder, a coma in past) likely to affect physiology or anatomy, f) a history of drug or alcohol abuse within 1 year or a lifetime history of alcohol or drug dependence (DSM IV criteria), g) are HIV positive or have AIDS

2002 Clinical Trials

624. Examination of Brain Serotonin Receptors in Patients With Mood Disorders

. A pilot study in which bipolar depressives are treated with lithium or divalproex and then re-imaged will test the third hypothesis, that 5-HT1A receptor binding will increase in bipolar subjects during mood stabilizer therapy. Finally, because central 5-HT1A receptor density is down-regulated in rodents by corticosterone administration and by stress-mediated corticosterone secretion, assessments of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activity (which is commonly elevated in MDD and BD (...) taken birth control pills for at least 6 months prior to scanning. However, effective medications will not be discontinued for the purposes of this study. Instead, subjects will be recruited who are not currently receiving psychotropic drugs. Subjects will also be excluded if they have: serious suicidal ideation or behavior; psychosis to the extent that the ability to provide informed consent is in doubt; medical or neurological illnesses likely to affect physiology or anatomy; a history of drug

2001 Clinical Trials

625. Brain Imaging of Childhood Onset Psychiatric Disorders, Endocrine Disorders and Healthy Children

anatomical resolution. Functional MRIs are diagnostic tests that allow doctors to not only view anatomy, but physiology and function. It is for these reasons that MRIs are excellent methods for studying the brain. In this study, researchers will use MRI to assess brain anatomy and function in X and Y chromosome variation, healthy volunteers, and patients with a variety of childhood onset psychiatric disorders. The disorders include attention deficit disorder, autism, congenital adrenal hyperplasia (...) , childhood-onset schizophrenia, dyslexia, obsessive compulsive disorder, Sydenham's chorea, and Tourette's syndrome. Results of the MRIs showing the anatomy of the brain and brain function will be compared across age, sex (gender), and diagnostic groups. Correlations between brain and behavioral measures will be examined for normal and clinical populations. Condition or disease XXY (Klinefelter) Sex Chromosome Variation Sex Chromosome Aneuploidy XXXY XXXXXY XYY (Jacob) XXYY X (XO, Turner) XXX (Trisomy X

1999 Clinical Trials

626. Lung Health Study II

of asthma will not exclude a patient from the designation of COPD for this study, although criteria for exclusion include recent (within six months) use of inhaled or oral steroid with the intent of excluding most of those who are clearly predominantly bronchospastic. The morbid anatomy of COPD is well described and includes many features of acute and chronic inflammation. There is well supported evidence in the literature that this inflammatory process may be an important pathogenetic mechanism (...) on the puff counter for 12 months or to Group 2 who had no counter for three months, a counter that recorded but did not display for three months, and a counter with display for six months. There were a bone densitometry and adrenal suppression ancillary studies, funded by Rhone-Poulenc-Rorer, to assess the effect of inhaled corticosteroids on bone density and adrenal function. Study Design Go to Layout table for study information Study Type : Interventional (Clinical Trial) Actual Enrollment : 1116

1999 Clinical Trials

627. New Imaging Techniques in the Evaluation of Patients With Ectopic Cushing Syndrome

Update Posted : February 27, 2019 See Sponsor: Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Information provided by (Responsible Party): National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) ) Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: Cushing Syndrome is an endocrine disorder causing an over production of the hormone cortisol. Cortisol is produced in the adrenal (...) such as CT scans, MRIs, and nuclear scans (111-indium pentetreotide). The ability of these tests to locate the source of the hormone production is dependent on the changes of anatomy and / or the dose and adequate uptake of the radioactive agent. The inability to detect the source of ectopic ACTH production often results in unnecessary pituitary surgery or irradiation. Unlike the previously described tests, positron emission tomography (PET scan) has the ability to detect pathologic tissue based

1999 Clinical Trials

628. Three-dimensional navigator for retroperitoneal laparoscopic nephrectomy using multidetector row computerized tomography. (PubMed)

laparoscopy.The 3-D navigator depicted all renal arteries (100% sensitivity) and 24 of the 25 renal veins (96% sensitivity). Hilar anatomy, including the tumor, major vessels and adrenal gland, and their relationships were visualized as in laparoscopic views.The 3-D navigator has a potentially important role in retroperitoneal laparoscopic nephrectomy. It is able to guide surgeons and aid in avoiding operative risks and possible complications.

2002 Journal of Urology

629. Adrenal Function After Living Kidney Donation

Information: Publications: Layout table for additonal information Responsible Party: University of Zurich ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: Other Study ID Numbers: StV 34-2005 RAB-F-02-0046 First Posted: November 10, 2005 Last Update Posted: December 29, 2016 Last Verified: December 2016 Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement: Plan to Share IPD: No Keywords provided by University of Zurich: Kidney donation Organ Donation Vascular anatomy Adrenal Insufficiency Additional relevant MeSH terms (...) Adrenal Function After Living Kidney Donation Adrenal Function After Living Kidney Donation - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Adrenal Function After Living Kidney Donation The safety

2005 Clinical Trials

630. Comparative morphology of the adrenal gland of anuran Amphibia. (PubMed)

Comparative morphology of the adrenal gland of anuran Amphibia. 6833117 1983 05 27 2018 11 13 0021-8782 136 Pt 1 1983 Jan Journal of anatomy J. Anat. Comparative morphology of the adrenal gland of anuran Amphibia. 165-74 Grassi Milano E E Accordi F F eng Comparative Study Journal Article England J Anat 0137162 0021-8782 IM Adrenal Glands anatomy & histology cytology ultrastructure Animals Anura anatomy & histology Chromaffin System cytology Kidney anatomy & histology blood supply Microscopy

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1983 Journal of anatomy

631. Symposium on the Adrenal Gland (PubMed)

Symposium on the Adrenal Gland 7905472 1994 03 04 2018 11 30 0021-8782 183 ( Pt 2) 1993 Oct Journal of anatomy J. Anat. Symposium on Adrenal Gland. Proceedings. Nottingham, 21-24 July 1992. 205-438 eng Congress Overall England J Anat 0137162 0021-8782 IM Adrenal Glands anatomy & histology physiology Animals Chromaffin System anatomy & histology physiology Humans 1993 10 1 1993 10 1 0 1 1993 10 1 0 0 ppublish 7905472 PMC1259902

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1993 Journal of anatomy

632. Microscopic anatomy of the baboon (Papio hamadryas) adrenal medulla. (PubMed)

Microscopic anatomy of the baboon (Papio hamadryas) adrenal medulla. Adrenal medullas of 2 baboons perfused with formaldehyde/glutaraldehyde and tannic acid were studied by light and electron microscopy. Tissues were postfixed in OsO4. This procedure allows identification of noradrenaline cells on the basis of a selective reaction of glutaraldehyde with noradrenaline vesicles. As positive control for noradrenaline cells, similarly treated mouse adrenal medullas were also examined. Light (...) microscopic examination of thick sections of baboon medullas did not show noradrenaline cells. In contrast, mouse adrenal medullas showed noradrenaline cells scattered in small groups among the much lighter adrenaline cells. By electron microscopy no noradrenaline cells were seen in the baboon medulla while mouse adrenal medullas showed noradrenaline cells with vesicles possessing exceedingly dense cores and light spaces within their limiting membranes. Otherwise, the majority of the baboon chromaffin

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1991 Journal of anatomy

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