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Adolescent History

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1. Physical activity levels among rural adolescents with a history of ankle sprain and chronic ankle instability. (Full text)

Physical activity levels among rural adolescents with a history of ankle sprain and chronic ankle instability. Ankle sprains and their common sequalae are thought to negatively affect physical activity levels and health-related quality of life among active populations, but limited evidence has described this among younger populations. This study aimed to determine the prevalence rate of ankle sprain and chronic ankle instability among rural adolescents and subsequently compare their physical (...) -minutes/week; uninjured = 2592.93 ± 2946.02 MET-minutes/week). No differences were found between other groups. Despite injury history and sensations of instability, respondents with chronic ankle instability reported greater physical activity levels than uninjured participants. As this is contrary to pre-existing hypotheses, it is possible that continued physical activity after injury among adolescents may contribute to deleterious outcomes such as increased frequency of chronic instability.

2019 PLoS ONE PubMed

2. History of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry at Central Institute of Psychiatry: Journey of Erna Hoch Centre for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (Full text)

History of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry at Central Institute of Psychiatry: Journey of Erna Hoch Centre for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Child and adolescent psychiatry has not been considered as an established field until the early 1900s till first such unit was started by Leo Kanner in 1930. In India, the first child guidance clinic was founded in 1938 in Mumbai by Dr. Clifford Manshardt. The child and adolescent Psychiatry unit at Central institute of Psychiatry has been into existence

2018 Indian journal of psychiatry PubMed

3. Adolescent fluoxetine history impairs spatial memory in adult male, but not female, C57BL/6 mice. (PubMed)

Adolescent fluoxetine history impairs spatial memory in adult male, but not female, C57BL/6 mice. Epidemiological reports indicate that mood-related disorders are common in the adolescent population. The prevalence of juvenile major depressive disorder has resulted in a parallel increase in the prescription rates of fluoxetine (FLX) within this age group. Although such treatment can last for years, little is known about the enduring consequences of adolescent antidepressant exposure on memory (...) -related performance.We exposed separate groups of adolescent (postnatal day [PD] 35) male and female C57BL/6 mice to FLX (20 mg/kg) for 15 consecutive days (PD35-49). Three weeks after FLX exposure (PD70), we assessed learning and memory performance on a single-day training object novelty recognition test, or a spatial memory task on the Morris water maze (MWM).We found that FLX pretreatment did not influence performance on either the object novelty recognition task or the MWM, 24 h after training

2019 Journal of Affective Disorders

4. Functional improvements after a pilates program in adolescents with a history of back pain: A randomised controlled trial. (PubMed)

Functional improvements after a pilates program in adolescents with a history of back pain: A randomised controlled trial. and purpose. Trunk endurance and extensibility are the main physical condition factors related to back pain. The goal was to analyse the effectiveness of a 6-week Pilates programme on trunk endurance and extensibility in adolescents with a history of back pain, determining the influence of sex.Fifty-two students with a history of back pain were randomly assigned (...) to the Pilates group (PG; n = 26) or the control group (CG; n = 26). Trunk flexion (BTC test) and extension (SOR test), and hamstring extensibility (TT test) were measured.PG improved significantly BTC, SOR, and TT test. Statistical differences (p = 0.005) were found between the PG and the CG for the SOR test.The Pilates programme enhanced trunk endurance and extensibility in adolescents with a history of back pain. Trunk flexor endurance was better in the PG. Results were not influenced by sex.Copyright ©

2019 Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice

5. Sudden Cardiac Death in the Adolescent Athlete: History, Diagnosis, and Prevention. (PubMed)

Sudden Cardiac Death in the Adolescent Athlete: History, Diagnosis, and Prevention. Sudden cardiac death in young athletes is a devastating condition that occurs without warning. While most middle and high school athletes require preparticipation screening, many predisposing conditions go undiagnosed until they occur. The frequency of sudden cardiac death is often under-reported because there is no mandatory system for reporting sports-related death in high school sports. Additionally (...) , there is debate about the cost-effectiveness of more advanced screening tests, such as electrocardiogram, due to high false-positive rates. It is, however, accepted that participants with a family history of sudden cardiac death should undergo more in-depth screening. If sudden cardiac arrest occurs, it is important for the patient to undergo immediate defibrillation. Community outreach to ensure that automated external defibrillators are present at athletic events, as well as cardiopulmonary resuscitation

2019 American Journal of Medicine

6. Family history of pain and risk of musculoskeletal pain in children and adolescents: a systematic review and meta-analysis. (PubMed)

Family history of pain and risk of musculoskeletal pain in children and adolescents: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Emerging evidence suggests that MSK should be viewed from a biopsychosocial perspective and consider the influence of family factors. We conducted a review with meta-analysis to provide summary estimates of effect of family history of pain on childhood MSK pain, and explore whether specific family pain factors influence the strength of the association (PROSPERO (...) CRD42018090130). Included studies reported associations between family history of pain and non-specific MSK pain in children (age <19 years). The outcome of interest was MSK pain in children. We assessed the methodological quality using a modified version of the Quality in Prognosis Studies instrument, and quality of evidence for the main analyses using the GRADE criteria. After screening of 7281 titles; six longitudinal and 23 cross-sectional studies were included. Moderate quality evidence from five

2019 Pain

7. Frontostriatal Resting State Functional Connectivity in Resilient and Non-Resilient Adolescents with a Family History of Alcohol Use Disorder. (PubMed)

Frontostriatal Resting State Functional Connectivity in Resilient and Non-Resilient Adolescents with a Family History of Alcohol Use Disorder. Objectives: Youth with parental substance use disorder (family-history positive [FH+]) are at an elevated risk for substance use problems, but not all FH+ youth experience this outcome. Frontostriatal brain networks involved in inhibitory control and reward responsivity underlie risk-taking behaviors, but the role of these networks in substance use (...) heterogeneity among FH+ youth has not been examined. The present study examined resting state functional connectivity (RSFC) in frontostriatal networks in FH+ youth with and without risky substance use. Methods: Participants were 36 FH+ adolescents (mean age 14.96 years at the scan date; 36% female) from a longitudinal, community-based functional magnetic resonance imaging study enriched for parental alcohol use disorder. Groups were based on the absence (resilient) or presence (high-risk) of at least one

2019 Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology

8. Unusual Case of Urethrorectal Fistula in Adolescence in a Patient with a History of Congenital Anorectal Malformation (Full text)

Unusual Case of Urethrorectal Fistula in Adolescence in a Patient with a History of Congenital Anorectal Malformation Urethrorectal fistula is a rare and debilitating condition. Spontaneous closure is rarely effective, and appropriate management regarding timing of repair and surgical approach remains controversial.We present a case of an 18-year-old male found to have a urethrorectal fistula after diagnostic work up for unejaculation. The patient gradually developed recurrent urinary tract (...) infections and urine and semen leak from his rectum. He had a medical history of an anorectal reconstruction in the second postnatal day due to an anorectal malformation. Imaging with a rectal endoscopic ultrasound scan revealed a suprasphincteric urethrorectal fistula that was further confirmed with semirigid urethrocystoscopy and placement of a nitinol guidewire through the urethral fistula orifice. Its anal orifice was 3 cm above the anal verge at the 12th hour of the rectum. The fistula orifice

2016 Journal of endourology case reports PubMed

9. Pilot randomized controlled trial of Tuning Relationships with Music: Intervention for parents with a trauma history and their adolescent. (PubMed)

Pilot randomized controlled trial of Tuning Relationships with Music: Intervention for parents with a trauma history and their adolescent. For parents who have experienced childhood interpersonal trauma, the challenges of parenting an adolescent may trigger memories of abuse, intensifying conflict, resulting in negative cycles of relating and poorer responsiveness to emotions when parenting. This study examined whether Tuning Relationships with Music, a dyadic therapy for parents (...) and adolescents, increased responsive parent-adolescent interactions and parent emotion coaching whilst reducing conflict and adolescent mental health difficulties. Twenty-six parent-adolescent dyads were recruited if parents had a trauma history and the dyad were currently having high levels of conflict. Dyads were randomly allocated into intervention or wait-list control and completed questionnaires and observation assessments at baseline and 4-month post-baseline follow-up. Those allocated

2018 Child abuse & neglect

10. Do emotional difficulties and peer problems occur together from childhood to adolescence? The case of children with a history of developmental language disorder (DLD). (Full text)

Do emotional difficulties and peer problems occur together from childhood to adolescence? The case of children with a history of developmental language disorder (DLD). Children and adolescents with developmental language disorder (DLD) are, overall, vulnerable to difficulties in emotional adjustment and in peer relations. However, previous research has shown that different subgroups follow different trajectories in respect to the quality of peer relations. Less is known about the trajectories (...) trajectories. Emotional and peer difficulties do occur together from childhood to adolescence for just over half of the sample, but not all. The variables most clearly associated with group membership were pragmatic language ability, prosociality and parental mental health. This is the first study to examine joint longitudinal trajectories of emotional and peer difficulties in individuals with DLD. We demonstrate that development in individuals with DLD is heterogeneous and identify three key variables

2018 European child & adolescent psychiatry PubMed

11. Associations between History of Hospitalization for Violence Victimization and Substance-Use Patterns among Adolescents: A 2017 Korean National Representative Survey (Full text)

Associations between History of Hospitalization for Violence Victimization and Substance-Use Patterns among Adolescents: A 2017 Korean National Representative Survey Violence victimization can adversely affect adolescents' long-term health. Existing research has mainly focused on the link between victimization and substance use; however, the evidence obtained to date has been inconsistent. This study, using a Korean national representative sample, examined the association between violence (...) consequently found that participants' rates of tobacco, alcohol, and drug use were higher among those who experienced violence victimization than among those who did not. For each substance-use-related variable, the greater the violence victimization experience, the higher the odds of substance use (p for trend < 0.001). Early intervention may help prevent the development of substance use, especially among adolescents who have experienced violence victimization. Prevention efforts regarding substance abuse

2018 International journal of environmental research and public health PubMed

12. Parental history of depression and higher basal salivary cortisol in unaffected child and adolescent offspring. (PubMed)

Parental history of depression and higher basal salivary cortisol in unaffected child and adolescent offspring. There are contradictory findings regarding the associations of parental depression on the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis activity of their offspring. We aimed to explore the associations of parental depression on the diurnal salivary cortisol profile in their child and adolescent offspring.A total of 189 unaffected child and adolescent offspring as determined by structured (...) clinical interview were divided into 3 groups according to their parental history of depression, namely current parental depression (CPD, n = 27), past parental depression (PPD, n = 57), and no parental depression (NPD, n = 105). Diurnal saliva samples were collected to measure the cortisol awakening response and diurnal cortisol profile.CPD group had significantly higher basal cortisol level (mean ± SE = 11.9 ± 0.80 nmol/dl) than PPD group (mean ± SE = 9.7 ± 0.73 nmol/dl, post hoc p = .024) and NPD

2018 Journal of Affective Disorders

13. Altered fear processing in adolescents with a history of severe childhood maltreatment: an fMRI study. (Full text)

Altered fear processing in adolescents with a history of severe childhood maltreatment: an fMRI study. Children with a history of maltreatment suffer from altered emotion processing but the neural basis of this phenomenon is unknown. This pioneering functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study investigated the effects of severe childhood maltreatment on emotion processing while controlling for psychiatric conditions, medication and substance abuse.Twenty medication-naive, substance abuse (...) -free adolescents with a history of childhood abuse, 20 psychiatric control adolescents matched on psychiatric diagnoses but with no maltreatment and 27 healthy controls underwent a fMRI emotion discrimination task comprising fearful, angry, sad happy and neutral dynamic facial expressions.Maltreated participants responded faster to fearful expressions and demonstrated hyper-activation compared to healthy controls of classical fear-processing regions of ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC

2018 Psychological Medicine PubMed

14. Family history of cancer in children and adolescents with germ cell tumours: a report from the Children's Oncology Group. (PubMed)

Family history of cancer in children and adolescents with germ cell tumours: a report from the Children's Oncology Group. Studies of family history of cancer in paediatric germ cell tumours (GCTs) are few, and none has had sufficient sample size to specifically evaluate family history of GCT.We utilised family history data from a paediatric GCT study to calculate standardised incidence ratios (SIR) for GCT and other cancers using age- and sex-specific incidence rates from the SEER Program.This

2018 British Journal of Cancer

15. Linking Patterns of Substance Use With Sexual Risk-Taking Among Female Adolescents With and Without Histories of Maltreatment. (PubMed)

Linking Patterns of Substance Use With Sexual Risk-Taking Among Female Adolescents With and Without Histories of Maltreatment. This study aimed to determine the associations between patterns of substance use and sexual risk-taking among female adolescents with and without histories of maltreatment.Data are from a prospective cohort study examining the impact of maltreatment on subsequent female adolescent sexual health (N = 504). Participants averaged 18.24 years in age (SD = 1.12 (...) % of sample); polysubstance users-early initiators (13%); polysubstance users-late initiators (23%); alcohol and cannabis users-late initiators (9%); alcohol users-late initiators (18%); and tobacco users (12%). Patterns of adolescent polysubstance use were associated with the highest levels of sexual risk-taking, and patterns of late-initiated polysubstance use, late-initiated alcohol use, and tobacco use were more strongly related to sexual risk-taking for female adolescents with histories

2018 The Journal of Adolescent Health

16. Natural History of Postoperative Adding-On in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: What Are the Risk Factors for Progressive Adding-On? (Full text)

Natural History of Postoperative Adding-On in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: What Are the Risk Factors for Progressive Adding-On? To investigate the natural history of distal adding-on in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) and to identify risk factors for its progression.Sixty-one AIS patients with distal adding-on occurrence were included. We further classify distal adding-on into progressive and nonprogressive group according to its natural evolution. The first radiograph indicating

2018 BioMed research international PubMed

17. Altered Functional Connectivity of Fronto-Cingulo-Striatal Circuits during Error Monitoring in Adolescents with a History of Childhood Abuse (Full text)

Altered Functional Connectivity of Fronto-Cingulo-Striatal Circuits during Error Monitoring in Adolescents with a History of Childhood Abuse Childhood maltreatment is associated with error hypersensitivity. We examined the effect of childhood abuse and abuse-by-gene (5-HTTLPR, MAOA) interaction on functional brain connectivity during error processing in medication/drug-free adolescents. Functional connectivity was compared, using generalized psychophysiological interaction (gPPI) analysis (...) of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data, between 22 age- and gender-matched medication-naïve and substance abuse-free adolescents exposed to severe childhood abuse and 27 healthy controls, while they performed an individually adjusted tracking stop-signal task, designed to elicit 50% inhibition failures. During inhibition failures, abused participants relative to healthy controls exhibited reduced connectivity between right and left putamen, bilateral caudate and anterior cingulate cortex (ACC

2018 Frontiers in human neuroscience PubMed

18. ALTERED SAGITTAL PLANE HIP BIOMECHANICS IN ADOLESCENT MALE DISTANCE RUNNERS WITH A HISTORY OF LOWER EXTREMITY INJURY (Full text)

ALTERED SAGITTAL PLANE HIP BIOMECHANICS IN ADOLESCENT MALE DISTANCE RUNNERS WITH A HISTORY OF LOWER EXTREMITY INJURY Lower extremity overuse injuries, including bone stress injuries (BSI), are common in runners and may result in prolonged recovery and time off from running. Identifying risk factors for running-related overuse injuries may have a clinically relevant role in prevention of these injuries.The purpose of this study was to compare an adolescent and young adult population of male (...) runners known to have a history of BSI with an injury-free cohort and retrospectively assess for kinematic differences that may differentiate the two cohorts.Controlled laboratory case control investigation.Level 3.25 male high school and collegiate cross-country runners were enrolled. Ten self-reported a prior history of BSI consisting of lower extremity stress fracture or shin splints/medial tibial stress syndrome and were categorized as injured (INJ). Fifteen self-reported no prior history of lower

2018 International journal of sports physical therapy PubMed

19. Child and adolescent mental health policy in South Africa: history, current policy development and implementation, and policy analysis (Full text)

Child and adolescent mental health policy in South Africa: history, current policy development and implementation, and policy analysis Mental health problems represent the greatest global burden of disease among children and adolescents. There is, however, lack of policy development and implementation for child and adolescent mental health (CAMH), particularly in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) where children and adolescents represent up to 50% of populations. South Africa, an upper (...) -middle income country is often regarded as advanced in health and social policy-making and implementation in comparison to other LMICs. It is, however, not clear whether this is the case for CAMH. The national child and adolescent mental health policy framework of 2003 was developed to guide the establishment of CAMH policies provincially, using a primary care and intersectoral approach. This policy provided a framework for the nine South African provinces to develop policies and implementation plans

2018 International journal of mental health systems PubMed

20. Prediction of dyslipidemia using gene mutations, family history of diseases and anthropometric indicators in children and adolescents: The CASPIAN-III study (Full text)

Prediction of dyslipidemia using gene mutations, family history of diseases and anthropometric indicators in children and adolescents: The CASPIAN-III study Dyslipidemia, the disorder of lipoprotein metabolism resulting in high lipid profile, is an important modifiable risk factor for coronary heart diseases. It is associated with more than four million worldwide deaths per year. Half of the children with dyslipidemia have hyperlipidemia during adulthood, and its prediction and screening (...) are thus critical. We designed a new dyslipidemia diagnosis system. The sample size of 725 subjects (age 14.66 ± 2.61 years; 48% male; dyslipidemia prevalence of 42%) was selected by multistage random cluster sampling in Iran. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (rs1801177, rs708272, rs320, rs328, rs2066718, rs2230808, rs5880, rs5128, rs2893157, rs662799, and Apolipoprotein-E2/E3/E4), and anthropometric, life-style attributes, and family history of diseases were analyzed. A framework for classifying mixed

2018 Computational and structural biotechnology journal PubMed

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