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Adolescent History

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1. Physical activity levels among rural adolescents with a history of ankle sprain and chronic ankle instability. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Physical activity levels among rural adolescents with a history of ankle sprain and chronic ankle instability. Ankle sprains and their common sequalae are thought to negatively affect physical activity levels and health-related quality of life among active populations, but limited evidence has described this among younger populations. This study aimed to determine the prevalence rate of ankle sprain and chronic ankle instability among rural adolescents and subsequently compare their physical (...) -minutes/week; uninjured = 2592.93 ± 2946.02 MET-minutes/week). No differences were found between other groups. Despite injury history and sensations of instability, respondents with chronic ankle instability reported greater physical activity levels than uninjured participants. As this is contrary to pre-existing hypotheses, it is possible that continued physical activity after injury among adolescents may contribute to deleterious outcomes such as increased frequency of chronic instability.

2019 PLoS ONE

2. Cyberbullying and Its Relationship to Current Symptoms and History of Early Life Trauma: A Study of Adolescents in an Acute Inpatient Psychiatric Unit. (Abstract)

Cyberbullying and Its Relationship to Current Symptoms and History of Early Life Trauma: A Study of Adolescents in an Acute Inpatient Psychiatric Unit. Cyberbullying has received wide media attention and appears to be linked to frequent adverse consequences, with multiple suicides reported. This study examined the prevalence of cyberbullying among adolescent psychiatric inpatients and related it to social media usage, current levels of symptoms, and histories of adverse early life (...) correlated with recent cyberbullying. These data suggest that individuals with histories of childhood trauma also seem vulnerable to continued adverse experiences during adolescence.© Copyright 2020 Physicians Postgraduate Press, Inc.

2020 Journal of Clinical Psychiatry

3. Metabolic syndrome in adults with a history of juvenile arthritis Full Text available with Trip Pro

Metabolic syndrome in adults with a history of juvenile arthritis The objective of this study was to determine the risk of obesity and metabolic syndrome in adults with a history of juvenile arthritis (JA).Using the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), we compared the characteristics of respondents with arthritis (JA vs rheumatoid arthritis [RA]) to those of the control group without arthritis. We used logistic regression analyses, controlling for age, race, and gender (...) ) groups.Adults with a history of JA have a significantly increased risk of metabolic syndrome compared to those without arthritis. These findings are important because metabolic syndrome has been associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and death in other populations.

2018 Open access rheumatology : research and reviews

4. Characteristics of youth with reported family history of psychosis spectrum symptoms in the Philadelphia Neurodevelopmental Cohort. (Abstract)

Characteristics of youth with reported family history of psychosis spectrum symptoms in the Philadelphia Neurodevelopmental Cohort. Little is known about the impact of family history of psychosis on youth from community samples. To fill this gap, we compared youth with a first-degree relative with psychosis spectrum symptoms (i.e. family history of psychosis spectrum symptoms, FHPS) to youth without FHPS in a cross-sectional analysis of the Philadelphia Neurodevelopmental Cohort (PNC). The PNC (...) is a racially diverse community sample of 9498 youth ages 8-21 years old, of whom 8928 completed the Family Interview for Genetic Studies to determine FHPS status. Polygenic risk score for schizophrenia (PRSS) was available for a subsample of 4433 European Americans. FHPS youth (n = 489) constituted 5.5% of the analytic sample. After adjusting for environmental risk factors (sociodemographic variables and traumatic stressful events), FHPS youth had lower functioning on the Children's Global Assessment Scale

2020 Schizophrenia Research

5. History of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry at Central Institute of Psychiatry: Journey of Erna Hoch Centre for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Full Text available with Trip Pro

History of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry at Central Institute of Psychiatry: Journey of Erna Hoch Centre for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Child and adolescent psychiatry has not been considered as an established field until the early 1900s till first such unit was started by Leo Kanner in 1930. In India, the first child guidance clinic was founded in 1938 in Mumbai by Dr. Clifford Manshardt. The child and adolescent Psychiatry unit at Central institute of Psychiatry has been into existence

2018 Indian journal of psychiatry

6. Sudden Cardiac Death in the Adolescent Athlete: History, Diagnosis, and Prevention. (Abstract)

Sudden Cardiac Death in the Adolescent Athlete: History, Diagnosis, and Prevention. Sudden cardiac death in young athletes is a devastating condition that occurs without warning. While most middle and high school athletes require preparticipation screening, many predisposing conditions go undiagnosed until they occur. The frequency of sudden cardiac death is often under-reported because there is no mandatory system for reporting sports-related death in high school sports. Additionally (...) , there is debate about the cost-effectiveness of more advanced screening tests, such as electrocardiogram, due to high false-positive rates. It is, however, accepted that participants with a family history of sudden cardiac death should undergo more in-depth screening. If sudden cardiac arrest occurs, it is important for the patient to undergo immediate defibrillation. Community outreach to ensure that automated external defibrillators are present at athletic events, as well as cardiopulmonary resuscitation

2019 American Journal of Medicine

7. The long-term effect of trauma history on adolescent depression treatment. (Abstract)

histories.Whereas all treatment groups experienced significant reductions in depression regardless of trauma history, adolescents without trauma histories receiving psychotherapy demonstrated more rapid improvements in depression symptom severity. Treatment response did not differ between traumatized and nontraumatized youth at long-term follow-up. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved). (...) The long-term effect of trauma history on adolescent depression treatment. Childhood trauma is associated with the development of depression during adolescence. Prior research suggests that traumatic experiences may result in differential acute treatment outcomes for depressed adolescents. However, the long-term effects of trauma on treatment response remain unclear.Participants (N = 318) with a primary diagnosis of major depressive disorder were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 treatment groups

2019 Psychological trauma : theory, research, practice and policy Controlled trial quality: uncertain

8. Frontostriatal Resting State Functional Connectivity in Resilient and Non-Resilient Adolescents with a Family History of Alcohol Use Disorder. (Abstract)

Frontostriatal Resting State Functional Connectivity in Resilient and Non-Resilient Adolescents with a Family History of Alcohol Use Disorder. Objectives: Youth with parental substance use disorder (family-history positive [FH+]) are at an elevated risk for substance use problems, but not all FH+ youth experience this outcome. Frontostriatal brain networks involved in inhibitory control and reward responsivity underlie risk-taking behaviors, but the role of these networks in substance use (...) heterogeneity among FH+ youth has not been examined. The present study examined resting state functional connectivity (RSFC) in frontostriatal networks in FH+ youth with and without risky substance use. Methods: Participants were 36 FH+ adolescents (mean age 14.96 years at the scan date; 36% female) from a longitudinal, community-based functional magnetic resonance imaging study enriched for parental alcohol use disorder. Groups were based on the absence (resilient) or presence (high-risk) of at least one

2019 Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology

9. Adolescent fluoxetine history impairs spatial memory in adult male, but not female, C57BL/6 mice. (Abstract)

Adolescent fluoxetine history impairs spatial memory in adult male, but not female, C57BL/6 mice. Epidemiological reports indicate that mood-related disorders are common in the adolescent population. The prevalence of juvenile major depressive disorder has resulted in a parallel increase in the prescription rates of fluoxetine (FLX) within this age group. Although such treatment can last for years, little is known about the enduring consequences of adolescent antidepressant exposure on memory (...) -related performance.We exposed separate groups of adolescent (postnatal day [PD] 35) male and female C57BL/6 mice to FLX (20 mg/kg) for 15 consecutive days (PD35-49). Three weeks after FLX exposure (PD70), we assessed learning and memory performance on a single-day training object novelty recognition test, or a spatial memory task on the Morris water maze (MWM).We found that FLX pretreatment did not influence performance on either the object novelty recognition task or the MWM, 24 h after training

2019 Journal of Affective Disorders

10. Functional improvements after a pilates program in adolescents with a history of back pain: A randomised controlled trial. (Abstract)

Functional improvements after a pilates program in adolescents with a history of back pain: A randomised controlled trial. and purpose. Trunk endurance and extensibility are the main physical condition factors related to back pain. The goal was to analyse the effectiveness of a 6-week Pilates programme on trunk endurance and extensibility in adolescents with a history of back pain, determining the influence of sex.Fifty-two students with a history of back pain were randomly assigned (...) to the Pilates group (PG; n = 26) or the control group (CG; n = 26). Trunk flexion (BTC test) and extension (SOR test), and hamstring extensibility (TT test) were measured.PG improved significantly BTC, SOR, and TT test. Statistical differences (p = 0.005) were found between the PG and the CG for the SOR test.The Pilates programme enhanced trunk endurance and extensibility in adolescents with a history of back pain. Trunk flexor endurance was better in the PG. Results were not influenced by sex.Copyright ©

2019 Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice Controlled trial quality: uncertain

11. Correction: Family history and obesity in youth, their effect on acylcarnitine/aminoacids metabolomics and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Structural equation modeling approach. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Correction: Family history and obesity in youth, their effect on acylcarnitine/aminoacids metabolomics and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Structural equation modeling approach. [This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0193138.].

2018 PLoS ONE

12. Family history and obesity in youth, their effect on acylcarnitine/aminoacids metabolomics and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Structural equation modeling approach. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Family history and obesity in youth, their effect on acylcarnitine/aminoacids metabolomics and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Structural equation modeling approach. Structural equation modeling (SEM) can help understanding complex functional relationships among obesity, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), family history of obesity, targeted metabolomics and pro-inflammatory markers. We tested two hypotheses: 1) If obesity precedes an excess of free fatty acids that increase (...) oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction, there would be an increase of serum acylcarnitines, amino acids and cytokines in obese subjects. Acylcarnitines would be related to non-alcoholic fatty disease that will induce insulin resistance. 2) If a positive family history of obesity and type 2 diabetes are the major determinants of the metabolomic profile, there would be higher concentration of amino acids and acylcarnitines in patients with this background that will induce obesity and NAFLD which

2018 PLoS ONE

13. Distinct seasonal infectious agent profiles in life-history variants of juvenile Fraser River Chinook salmon: An application of high-throughput genomic screening. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Distinct seasonal infectious agent profiles in life-history variants of juvenile Fraser River Chinook salmon: An application of high-throughput genomic screening. Disease-causing infectious agents are natural components of ecosystems and considered a major selective force driving the evolution of host species. However, knowledge of the presence and abundance of suites of infectious agents in wild populations has been constrained by our ability to easily screen for them. Using salmon as a model (...) , we contrasted seasonal pathogenic infectious agents in life history variants of juvenile Chinook salmon from the Fraser River system (N = 655), British Columbia (BC), through the application of a novel high-throughput quantitative PCR monitoring platform. This included freshwater hatchery origin fish and samples taken at sea between ocean entry in spring and over-winter residence in coastal waters. These variants currently display opposite trends in productivity, with yearling stocks generally

2018 PLoS ONE

14. Juvenile honest food solicitation and parental investment as a life history strategy: A kin demographic selection model. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Juvenile honest food solicitation and parental investment as a life history strategy: A kin demographic selection model. Parent-offspring communication remains an unresolved challenge for biologist. The difficulty of the challenge comes from the fact that it is a multifaceted problem with connections to life-history evolution, parent-offspring conflict, kin selection and signalling. Previous efforts mainly focused on modelling resource allocation at the expense of the dynamic interaction during (...) a reproductive season. Here we present a two-stage model of begging where the first stage models the interaction between nestlings and parents within a nest and the second stage models the life-history trade-offs. We show in an asexual population that honest begging results in decreased variance of collected food between siblings, which leads to mean number of surviving offspring. Thus, honest begging can be seen as a special bet-hedging against informational uncertainty, which not just decreases

2018 PLoS ONE

15. Vigilance, the Amygdala, and Anxiety in Youths with a History of Institutional Care Full Text available with Trip Pro

Vigilance, the Amygdala, and Anxiety in Youths with a History of Institutional Care Early adversity is commonly associated with alterations of amygdala circuitry and increased anxiety. While many theoretical and clinical accounts of early adversity suggest that it increases vigilance to threatening stimuli, the present study tested whether heightened anxiety and amygdala reactivity associated with early adversity enhanced goal-directed attention for threatening stimuli. Showing this association (...) would provide support that these adversity-induced alterations are developmental adaptations of the individual.34 children and adolescents who experienced early adversity in the form of previous institutionalization (PI) (26 female, mean age=13.49 years) and a comparison group of 33 children and adolescents who were reared by their biological parents since birth (16 female, mean age=13.40 years) underwent fMRI scanning while completing a visual search task that involved quickly locating a negative

2017 Biological psychiatry. Cognitive neuroscience and neuroimaging

16. Effects of preventive nutrition interventions among adolescents on health and nutritional status in low? and middle?income countries Full Text available with Trip Pro

is attributable to malnutrition (IGME, ). With about one quarter of the total world population (1.8 billion people) comprising adolescents and young adults (Ameratunga, ; UNPFA, ); it has become even more important to identify effective interventions targeting adolescents to improve their health and nutrition status to ensure sustainable healthy behaviours along with healthy growth and development (Sawyer Susan et al., ). Globally, there is an increased focus on adolescents and youth as reflected (...) by the sustainable development goals. Existing systematic reviews assessing the impact of nutrition interventions among adolescents are either not comprehensive (assessing a single intervention or a specific micronutrient); have overlapping age groups (includes children and youth along with adolescents); or are focused on female adolescents only (Lassi Zohra, Anoosh, Das Jai, Salam Rehana, & Bhutta Zulfiqar, ; Salam Rehana et al., ). The majority of the existing systematic reviews have restricted their included

2020 Campbell Collaboration

17. Child and Adolescent Asthma Guidelines

Child and Adolescent Asthma Guidelines 10 NZMJ 1 December 2017, Vol 130 No 1466 ISSN 1175-8716 © NZMA www.nzma.org.nz/journal Asthma and Respiratory Foundation NZ child and adolescent asthma guidelines: a quick reference guide Innes Asher, David McNamara, Cheryl Davies, Teresa Demetriou, Theresa Fleming, Matire Harwood, Lorraine Hetaraka-Stevens, Tristram Ingham, John Kristiansen, Jim Reid, Debbie Rickard, Debbie Ryan ABSTRACT The purpose of the New Zealand Child and adolescent asthma (...) guidelines: a quick reference guide is to provide simple, practical, evidence-based recommendations for the diagnosis, assessment and management of asthma in children and adolescents in New Zealand, with the aim of improving outcomes and reducing inequities. The intended users are health professionals responsible for delivering asthma care in the community and hospital emergency department settings, and those responsible for the training of such health professionals. Abbreviations: FEV 1 Forced

2020 Asthma and Respiratory Foundation NZ

18. Pilot randomized controlled trial of Tuning Relationships with Music: Intervention for parents with a trauma history and their adolescent. (Abstract)

Pilot randomized controlled trial of Tuning Relationships with Music: Intervention for parents with a trauma history and their adolescent. For parents who have experienced childhood interpersonal trauma, the challenges of parenting an adolescent may trigger memories of abuse, intensifying conflict, resulting in negative cycles of relating and poorer responsiveness to emotions when parenting. This study examined whether Tuning Relationships with Music, a dyadic therapy for parents (...) and adolescents, increased responsive parent-adolescent interactions and parent emotion coaching whilst reducing conflict and adolescent mental health difficulties. Twenty-six parent-adolescent dyads were recruited if parents had a trauma history and the dyad were currently having high levels of conflict. Dyads were randomly allocated into intervention or wait-list control and completed questionnaires and observation assessments at baseline and 4-month post-baseline follow-up. Those allocated

2018 Child abuse & neglect Controlled trial quality: uncertain

19. Evidence for Depressogenic Spontaneous Thoughts and Altered Resting-State Connectivity in Adolescents With a Maltreatment History. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Evidence for Depressogenic Spontaneous Thoughts and Altered Resting-State Connectivity in Adolescents With a Maltreatment History. Childhood maltreatment has been associated with major depressive disorder (MDD). Atypical self-generated thoughts (SGT), lacking in positive and privileging negative content-a feature of ruminative thinking-might represent one vulnerability factor for developing depression. Rumination in MDD has been linked to alterations in resting-state functional connectivity (...) (RSFC) of the subgenual anterior cingulate cortex (sgACC) to the default mode network and the fronto-parietal network (FPN). This study aimed to investigate online SGT content and its variability, as well as sgACC RSFC, as potential risk markers for depression in adolescents who experienced maltreatment.Adolescents 12 to 16 years old (29 with maltreatment history [MT] and 39 with no maltreatment history [NMT]) performed an established mind-wandering task. Participants made nondemanding number

2018 Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

20. Preventative Health and Risk Behaviors Among Adolescent Girls With and Without Family Histories of Breast Cancer. (Abstract)

Preventative Health and Risk Behaviors Among Adolescent Girls With and Without Family Histories of Breast Cancer. To compare health behaviors (smoking, alcohol use, fruit and vegetable intake, and exercise frequency) and breast self-exam (BSE) between girls with breast cancer family history (BCFH+) and without (BCFH-) and assess associates of behaviors across all girls.A total of 208 BCFH+ girls (11-19 years old), with first- or second-degree relatives with breast cancer or a mother (...) . Both uncontrollable (i.e., breast cancer experiences) and modifiable factors relate to health behaviors and warrant further investigation. Results indicate that interventions with teens and parents that target modifiable variables such as controllability perceptions, maternal modeling, and communication may relate to better health behaviors and reduced future breast cancer risk.Copyright © 2018 Society for Adolescent Health and Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

2018 The Journal of Adolescent Health

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