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121. The clinical significance of adenoid-choanae area ratio in children with adenoid hypertrophy. (Abstract)

treatment other than the above-mentioned procedures in the same period. We used 0 degrees telescope to take pictures of the nasopharynx under general anesthesia preoperatively. The pictures were transformed digitally. The A/C ratio was calculated by the program we developed after these pictures were processed by the Photoshop 6.0 (Adobe, USA) software.The A/C ratio in adenoid hypertrophy group (0.863+/-0.0983) is significantly higher (p<0.001) than that of control group (0.445+/-0.1431). Mouth breathing

2005 International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology

122. Comparing optic nerve-head-size measurements by the heidelberg retina tomograph with fundus photography performed with a novel focusing technique. (Abstract)

Comparing optic nerve-head-size measurements by the heidelberg retina tomograph with fundus photography performed with a novel focusing technique. To compare disc areas as measured with the Heidelberg Retina Tomograph (HRT) to those obtained with a fundus camera.A nonrandomized comparative trial.Forty-six patients (88 eyes) who were participating in a glaucoma-screening study.Disc areas from fundus photographs taken with a Nidek nonmydriatic camera were measured in pixels (Adobe photoshop 7.0

2008 Journal of Glaucoma

123. The Effect of Cataract Extraction on the Contractility of Ciliary Muscle. (Abstract)

with and without instilling 2% pilocarpine, as well as before and two months after cataract extraction. The mean (+/- standard deviation) age was 65.33 +/- 6.09 years (range, 56 to 75 years). The increase in the axial length of the ciliary body (CBAXL) was used as a surrogate indicator of the centripetal ciliary muscle contraction during accommodation. Images of the ciliary body were compared visually using Adobe Photoshop 7.0 (Adobe Systems Inc., San Jose, California, USA).The CBAXL value with and without

2008 American Journal of Ophthalmology

124. Clavicular anatomy and the applicability of precontoured plates. (Abstract)

and magnitude of the superior clavicular bow were determined with use of a digitizer and modeling software. Axial radiographs were made of each clavicle and the precontoured Acumed Locking Clavicle Plate, which is designed to be applied superiorly. With use of Adobe Photoshop technology, the plates were freely translated and rotated along each clavicle to determine the quality of fit and the location of the "best fit."The location of the maximum superior bow was lateral, with a mean distance of 37.2

2007 The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume

125. Canal transportation after root canal instrumentation: a comparative study with computed tomography. (Abstract)

by an electric engine; Group 3, ProTaper NiTi rotary system powered by an electric engine. To compare the canal transportation produced by the different techniques, preinstrumentation and postinstrumentation 3-dimensional CT images were obtained from root cross-sections of the region located 3 mm short of the apical foramen of each root canal. The CT scans were exported to Adobe Photoshop software, and the initial and final images were superimposed to detect the root canal wall differences between them

2007 Journal of Endodontics

126. Gray-scale median of the atherosclerotic plaque can predict success of lumen re-entry during subintimal femoral-popliteal angioplasty. Full Text available with Trip Pro

subintimal angioplasties of the femoral-popliteal segment. Preprocedural B-mode DUS images of the plaque at the most distal occlusion segment were digitalized and normalized using Photoshop (Adobe, San Jose, Calif) software and standard criteria (gray level, 0 to 5 for lumen blood and 185 to 190 for the adventitia on a linear scale of 0 to 255). Overall GSM of the plaque segment about 2 cm long, immediately before the planned re-entry point to the true arterial lumen, was used for retrospective

2008 Journal of Vascular Surgery

127. Effect of weight loss on P wave dispersion in obese subjects. (Abstract)

computer by a scanner and then magnified 400 times by Adobe Photoshop software (Adobe Systems, Mountain View, CA). P wave dispersion, which is also defined as the difference between the maximum P wave duration and the minimum P wave duration, was also calculated.After a 12-week weight loss program, BMI (p < 0.001), maximum P wave duration (p < 0.001), and P wave dispersion (p < 0.001) significantly decreased. The mean percentage of weight loss was 13% (10% to 20.3%). The decrease in the level of P wave

2006 Obesity

128. Effect of obesity on P-wave dispersion and QT dispersion in women. Full Text available with Trip Pro

and the minimum P-wave duration), maximum and minimum QTc interval, and QTc dispersion (the difference between the maximum and the minimum QTc interval) were measured from 12-lead ECG. ECG's were transferred to a personal computer via a scanner and then used for magnification of 400 times by Adobe Photoshop software.There was significant difference in BMI (40+/-3 vs 22+/-1 kg/m(2), P<0.001, respectively) between obese and non-obese women. Obese women had higher Max. P-wave duration (116+/-11 vs 94+/-14 ms, P

2006 International Journal of Obesity

129. Standardize and Compare Contrast-enhanced Ultrasonographic Digital Images Obtained with Different Technologies: How to Overcome the Subjectivity Full Text available with Trip Pro

and conspicuity index were then calculated and compared with Adobe Photoshop 6.0.Lesion/liver ratio and conspicuity index using CCI ranged from 1.3 to 7.1 (mean value, 3) and 19 to 127 (mean value, 58), respectively; by using CPS, we obtained results ranging from 2 to 19.1 (mean value, 8.9) and 57 to 164 (mean value, 109.2). Lesion/liver ratio and the conspicuity index for the lesions using CPS showed significantly (p < 0.0001) superior results than those obtained using CCI.The computed analysis

2006 Journal of Digital Imaging

130. Developing a methodology for three-dimensional correlation of PET–CT images and whole-mount histopathology in non-small-cell lung cancer Full Text available with Trip Pro

sectioning. Consecutive sections were laid out for photography and manually adjusted to maintain shape. Following embedding, the tissue blocks underwent whole-mount sectioning (4-mum sections) and staining with hematoxylin and eosin. Large histopathology slides were used to whole-mount entire sections for digitization. The correct sequence was maintained to assist in subsequent reconstruction. Using Photoshop (Adobe Systems Incorporated, San Jose, CA, U.S.A.), contours were placed on the photographic (...) images to represent the external borders of the section and the extent of macroscopic disease. Sections were stacked in sequence and manually oriented in Photoshop. The macroscopic tumour contours were then transferred to MATLAB (The Mathworks, Natick, MA, U.S.A.) and stacked, producing 3D surface renderings of the resected specimen and embedded gross tumour. To evaluate the microscopic extent of disease, customized "tile-based" and commercial confocal panoramic laser scanning (TISSUEscope

2008 Current Oncology

131. The Effect of Cataract Extraction on the Contractility of Ciliary Muscle

cataract extraction using ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM).UBM will be performed with and without instilling 2 % pilocarpine, as well as before and 2 months after cataract extraction. Images of the ciliary body will be compared visually using Adobe Photoshop 7.0. Study Design Go to Layout table for study information Study Type : Interventional (Clinical Trial) Actual Enrollment : 15 participants Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment Masking: Double (Investigator, Outcomes Assessor) Primary Purpose

2008 Clinical Trials

132. Visibility of Site Marking for Surgical Time Out With Two Different Skin Preparation Solutions

random initials will be de-identified and placed in a "Powerpoint" presentation form. Ten orthopaedic surgeons will then read the site markings to identify the random initials and to tell whether the mark looks appropriate to perform a surgical timeout. The horizontal line will be digitally analyzed using Adobe Photoshop to quantitatively measure blackness of the mark. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip Drug: CHG 2% w/v and IPA 70% v/v Drug: Iodophor 0.7

2008 Clinical Trials

133. Efficacy and oral side effects of two highly concentrated tray-based bleaching systems. (Abstract)

colour was evaluated by measuring L*a*b* values generated from standardised digital image analysis with Adobe Photoshop of the facial surfaces of the right central maxillary incisor. Tooth hypersensitivity, with intensity graded from 0 (no hypersensitivity) to 10 (high hypersensitivity), was assessed chair-side using an air syringe. After bleaching therapy, both treatment groups demonstrated significant improvements in tooth colour (p < or = 0.05). A shift towards less yellow (-Deltab*) and brighter

2007 Clinical oral investigations Controlled trial quality: uncertain

134. Comparison of passive ultrasonic debridement between fluted and nonfluted instruments in root canals. (Abstract)

imported into Adobe Photoshop CS2 (Adobe Systems, San Jose, CA), and percentage of debris remaining was calculated. Analysis of variance and Student Newman-Keuls post hoc tests (p<0.05) showed that when comparing the entire canal, 3 minutes of activation with a file had significantly less debris remaining than 1 minute of activation with a spreader. There was a trend for 1 minute of activation with a file to have less debris than either 3 minutes or 1 minute of activation with a spreader. When

2007 Journal of Endodontics Controlled trial quality: uncertain

135. The use of digital imaging for colour matching and communication in restorative dentistry. Full Text available with Trip Pro

. A Nikon Coolpix 990 digital camera with Nikon SB21B ring flash was used to record the digital images of the shade tabs of the two shade guides and the images were processed using Adobe Photoshop software. A total of 27 samples (three replicates of each shade of the nine tabs selected) were matched with a digital shade guide prepared from the digital images of the second shade guide by 10 observers on a computer screen (computerised matching method). The 10 observers also matched the same shade tabs (...) using the conventional matching method simulated in a phantom head. In addition, colour values were obtained from the digital images using Adobe Photoshop and quantified according to an internationally recognised scale as CIELAB colour values, L*,a*,b*. The relationship of the digitally derived CIELAB values to the CIELAB values obtained using a reflectance spectrophotometer was investigated.The cross tabulation statistical analysis showed a statistically significant difference (p<0.001) between

2005 British Dental Journal Controlled trial quality: uncertain

136. Effect of anterior capsule polishing on fibrotic capsule opacification: three-year results. (Abstract)

in the contralateral eye, which acted as a control. Digital slitlamp photographs of the ACO and fibrotic PCO were taken with a standardized technique for 3 years postoperatively. The intensity of ACO was measured objectively (score 0% to 100%) using Adobe Photoshop software. Fibrotic PCO was graded subjectively (score 0 to 4).The mean ACO was 17% in the polished eyes and 26% in the control eyes (P = .0001). The mean fibrotic PCO score was 0.5 and 1.0, respectively (P = .0007). The mean ACO was 15% in the polished

2004 Journal of cataract and refractive surgery Controlled trial quality: uncertain

137. Objective measurement of breast cancer oestrogen receptor status through digital image analysis. (Abstract)

were stained with anti-alpha-oestrogen receptor monoclonal antibody (1D5) using a standard immunohistochemical protocol. Images from 10 high-powered fields were captured from each section using a digital camera mounted on a microscope and analyzed using Adobe Photoshop image analysis software. A nuclear mask was obtained by digitally selecting the nuclear area. Staining intensity in the nuclear mask was then analyzed using red-scale absorption characteristics. Manual assessment of oestrogen

2003 European Journal of Surgical Oncology

138. Is digital image compression acceptable within diabetic retinopathy screening? (Abstract)

the JPEG algorithm within Adobe Photoshop (version 4.0) and then displayed with a Sony Trinitron colour monitor. Four different levels of compression were used, JPEG-1, JPEG-2, JPEG-3, JPEG-4, and an objective analysis was undertaken using 'lesion counts'. The compressed images were assessed separately and blindly and the results compared with their original BMP images.Eight BMP images could not be evaluated (five right eye and three left eye). A total of 290 images were therefore used in the final

2003 Diabetic Medicine

139. Correction of uneven illumination (vignetting) in digital microscopy images. Full Text available with Trip Pro

image./This report outlines an alternative shading correction method that is based upon the intrinsic properties of the image, which are revealed through Gaussian smoothing. The technique can be implemented within Adobe Photoshop or other graphics editing software and works well with both haematoxylin and eosin and immunohistochemical images.This technique provides an effective means of optimising digital microscopy image appearances for printing, image analysis, or telepathology.

2003 Journal of Clinical Pathology

140. Overview of Image Analysis, Image Importing, and Image Processing Using Freeware Full Text available with Trip Pro

applications of the freeware, NIH Image and ImageJ, as well as commercially available imaging software, Adobe Photoshop.

2003 Current Protocols in Molecular Biology

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