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101. Video Bioinformatics Analysis of Human Embryonic Stem Cell Colony Growth (PubMed)

. The first segmented the image into the colony and background, the second enhanced the image to define colonies throughout the video sequence accurately, and the third measured the number of pixels in the colony over time. The three recipes were run in sequence on video data collected in a BioStation CT to analyze the rate of growth of individual hESC colonies over 48 hours. To verify the truthfulness of the CL-Quant recipes, the same data were analyzed manually using Adobe Photoshop software. When (...) the data obtained using the CL-Quant recipes and Photoshop were compared, results were virtually identical, indicating the CL-Quant recipes were truthful. The method described here could be applied to any video data to measure growth rates of hESC or other cells that grow in colonies. In addition, other video bioinformatics recipes can be developed in the future for other cell processes such as migration, apoptosis, and cell adhesion.

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2010 Journal of visualized experiments : JoVE

102. Safety and Efficacy Study of Polydioxanone (PDS) Plates in Rhinoplasty

by the distance between the anterior most point of the intertragal notch to the nasal tip using measurements recorded from Adobe Photoshop evaluation of standardized photography at 12 months postoperatively as compared to baseline. Non-treating blinded evaluator satisfaction assessment [ Time Frame: 12 months post operative ] A non-treating blinded evaluator will assess satisfaction with a four-point categorical satisfaction scale (unsatisfied, satisfied, very satisfied, highly satisfied) of subject's grafts

2010 Clinical Trials

103. Epithelial Healing and Visual Outcomes Using Omega-3 Therapy Before and After Photorefractive Keratectomy (PRK) Surgery

(both EPH and DHA), 1000 mg of Flaxseed oil, and about 183 IU of vitamin E per day. Patients will be asking to follow up postoperatively after 2 days, 4 days, 1 week, 3 months and 6 months Other Names: TheraTears Omega 3 Outcome Measures Go to Primary Outcome Measures : Visual acuity, tear break up time, and corneal uptake will be assessed. Photographs will be taken. Calculation of the area in diameter will be assessed using Adobe Photoshop. Comparisons between each group will be made. [ Time Frame

2010 Clinical Trials

104. Orthodontic appliance preferences of children and adolescents. (PubMed)

into a computer-based survey. Additional images of shaped brackets and colored elastomeric ties, as well as discolored clear elastomeric ties, were captured and incorporated onto existing survey images with Photoshop (Adobe, San Jose, Calif). The survey displayed 12 orthodontic appliance variations to 139 children in 3 age groups: 9 to 11 years (n = 45), 12 to 14 years (n = 49), and 15 to 17 years (n = 45). The subjects rated each image for attractiveness and acceptability. All images were displayed and rated

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2010 American journal of orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics

105. Hot or not--evaluating the effect of artificial tanning on the public's perception of attractiveness. (PubMed)

photograph was taken of each subject. Each image was uploaded onto a public website until it had been rated at least 100 times on a scale from 1 to 10. An average baseline, or untanned, rating of the image was calculated. The image was then given an artificial tan using a skin tanning protocol available for Adobe Photoshop. The tanned image was then re-uploaded onto the website and another average rating was calculated using the same criteria.The mean score±standard deviation was 6.3±2.3 for the untanned

2010 Dermatologic Surgery

106. Effects of four instruments on coronal pre-enlargement by using cone beam computed tomography. (PubMed)

was measured before and after the preparation by using computed tomography and Adobe Photoshop software.There was no statistically significant difference between the study groups (P > 05).All the instruments used for cervical preparation seemed to be safe and did not damage the dentin structure of the distal wall of mesial root canals of mandibular molars.Copyright (c) 2010 American Association of Endodontists. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

2010 Journal of Endodontics

107. WEAR PROMOTED IN THE APICAL THIRD OF SIMULATED CANALS AFTER INSTRUMENTATION WITH PROTAPER UNIVERSAL SYSTEM (PubMed)

instruments. The initial and final images were exported to Adobe Photoshop software and superimposed to detect the root canal wall differences (in mm) between them, in two points located 1 (A) and 5 (B) mm from the point where the working length was established. Data were subjected to analysis of variance to verify the existence of interaction among the factors: canal curvature, instrument size and curve location. Significant level was set at 5%.Regardless of the location and the canal curvature, F4

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2009 Journal of Applied Oral Science

108. Lateral flow immunoassay using europium chelate-loaded silica nanoparticles as labels. (PubMed)

used as labels in LFIA for detection of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg). We performed quantification with a digital camera and Adobe Photoshop software. We also used 286 clinical samples to compare the proposed method with a quantitative ELISA.A detection limit of 0.03 microg/L was achieved, which was 100 times lower than the colloidal gold-based LFIAs and lower than ELISA. A precise quantitative dose-response curve was obtained, and the linear measurement range was 0.05-3.13 microg/L, within

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2009 Clinical Chemistry

109. Evaluation of Actual vs Expected Photodynamic Therapy Spot Size. (PubMed)

photographs were taken of the PDT laser spot focused on the retina adjacent to the optic disc, using various spot sizes in combination with 3 different contact lenses and 2 different lasers. Spot size at the retina was determined by measuring the ratio of disc diameter to spot diameter in Adobe Photoshop (San Jose, California, USA) and applying this ratio to the OIS disc measurements.Spot size at the retina averaged 87% of expected spot size for the Coherent Opal laser (Coherent Inc, Santa Clara

2009 American Journal of Ophthalmology

110. Association between estrogen receptor gene polymorphisms and breast density in postmenopausal women. (PubMed)

; the radiological density was determined by three independent observers, with two subjective evaluations based on the ACR-BIRADS(R) classification of mammographic patterns, 2003, and one computerized evaluation using the gray-scale histogram tool of the Adobe Photoshop(R) 7.0 software. Peripheral blood samples were obtained for DNA extraction, performed according to the GFX(R) Kit protocol (Amersham-Pharmacia). Polymerase chain reaction restriction fragment length polymorphism was carried out for an analysis

2009 Climacteric

111. A systematic correlation of angiography and high-resolution optical coherence tomography in diabetic macular edema. (PubMed)

Zeiss Meditec; resolution, 512x128 pixels, 5.8x5.8 mm, and high-resolution scans consisting of 4096 A scans) on the same day. Using Adobe Photoshop (CS2 Version 9.0; Adobe Systems Incorporated, San Jose, CA) a grid containing 15x7 fields was superimposed on the HD OCT en face image and a late-phase FA image according to retinal landmarks. In each patient, a standardized analysis of 105 subfields was performed to provide a characterization of the type of vascular leakage in FA and the associated

2009 Ophthalmology

112. Developing a methodology for three-dimensional correlation of PET–CT images and whole-mount histopathology in non-small-cell lung cancer (PubMed)

sectioning. Consecutive sections were laid out for photography and manually adjusted to maintain shape. Following embedding, the tissue blocks underwent whole-mount sectioning (4-mum sections) and staining with hematoxylin and eosin. Large histopathology slides were used to whole-mount entire sections for digitization. The correct sequence was maintained to assist in subsequent reconstruction. Using Photoshop (Adobe Systems Incorporated, San Jose, CA, U.S.A.), contours were placed on the photographic (...) images to represent the external borders of the section and the extent of macroscopic disease. Sections were stacked in sequence and manually oriented in Photoshop. The macroscopic tumour contours were then transferred to MATLAB (The Mathworks, Natick, MA, U.S.A.) and stacked, producing 3D surface renderings of the resected specimen and embedded gross tumour. To evaluate the microscopic extent of disease, customized "tile-based" and commercial confocal panoramic laser scanning (TISSUEscope

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2008 Current Oncology

113. Visibility of Site Marking for Surgical Time Out With Two Different Skin Preparation Solutions

random initials will be de-identified and placed in a "Powerpoint" presentation form. Ten orthopaedic surgeons will then read the site markings to identify the random initials and to tell whether the mark looks appropriate to perform a surgical timeout. The horizontal line will be digitally analyzed using Adobe Photoshop to quantitatively measure blackness of the mark. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip Drug: CHG 2% w/v and IPA 70% v/v Drug: Iodophor 0.7

2008 Clinical Trials

114. The Effect of Cataract Extraction on the Contractility of Ciliary Muscle

cataract extraction using ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM).UBM will be performed with and without instilling 2 % pilocarpine, as well as before and 2 months after cataract extraction. Images of the ciliary body will be compared visually using Adobe Photoshop 7.0. Study Design Go to Layout table for study information Study Type : Interventional (Clinical Trial) Actual Enrollment : 15 participants Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment Masking: Double (Investigator, Outcomes Assessor) Primary Purpose

2008 Clinical Trials

115. Gray-scale median of the atherosclerotic plaque can predict success of lumen re-entry during subintimal femoral-popliteal angioplasty. (PubMed)

subintimal angioplasties of the femoral-popliteal segment. Preprocedural B-mode DUS images of the plaque at the most distal occlusion segment were digitalized and normalized using Photoshop (Adobe, San Jose, Calif) software and standard criteria (gray level, 0 to 5 for lumen blood and 185 to 190 for the adventitia on a linear scale of 0 to 255). Overall GSM of the plaque segment about 2 cm long, immediately before the planned re-entry point to the true arterial lumen, was used for retrospective

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2008 Journal of Vascular Surgery

116. The Effect of Cataract Extraction on the Contractility of Ciliary Muscle. (PubMed)

with and without instilling 2% pilocarpine, as well as before and two months after cataract extraction. The mean (+/- standard deviation) age was 65.33 +/- 6.09 years (range, 56 to 75 years). The increase in the axial length of the ciliary body (CBAXL) was used as a surrogate indicator of the centripetal ciliary muscle contraction during accommodation. Images of the ciliary body were compared visually using Adobe Photoshop 7.0 (Adobe Systems Inc., San Jose, California, USA).The CBAXL value with and without

2008 American Journal of Ophthalmology

117. Comparing optic nerve-head-size measurements by the heidelberg retina tomograph with fundus photography performed with a novel focusing technique. (PubMed)

Comparing optic nerve-head-size measurements by the heidelberg retina tomograph with fundus photography performed with a novel focusing technique. To compare disc areas as measured with the Heidelberg Retina Tomograph (HRT) to those obtained with a fundus camera.A nonrandomized comparative trial.Forty-six patients (88 eyes) who were participating in a glaucoma-screening study.Disc areas from fundus photographs taken with a Nidek nonmydriatic camera were measured in pixels (Adobe photoshop 7.0

2008 Journal of Glaucoma

118. Standardize and Compare Contrast-enhanced Ultrasonographic Digital Images Obtained with Different Technologies: How to Overcome the Subjectivity (PubMed)

and conspicuity index were then calculated and compared with Adobe Photoshop 6.0.Lesion/liver ratio and conspicuity index using CCI ranged from 1.3 to 7.1 (mean value, 3) and 19 to 127 (mean value, 58), respectively; by using CPS, we obtained results ranging from 2 to 19.1 (mean value, 8.9) and 57 to 164 (mean value, 109.2). Lesion/liver ratio and the conspicuity index for the lesions using CPS showed significantly (p < 0.0001) superior results than those obtained using CCI.The computed analysis

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2006 Journal of Digital Imaging

119. Overview of Image Analysis, Image Importing, and Image Processing Using Freeware (PubMed)

applications of the freeware, NIH Image and ImageJ, as well as commercially available imaging software, Adobe Photoshop.

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2003 Current Protocols in Molecular Biology

120. Effect of anterior capsule polishing on fibrotic capsule opacification: three-year results. (PubMed)

in the contralateral eye, which acted as a control. Digital slitlamp photographs of the ACO and fibrotic PCO were taken with a standardized technique for 3 years postoperatively. The intensity of ACO was measured objectively (score 0% to 100%) using Adobe Photoshop software. Fibrotic PCO was graded subjectively (score 0 to 4).The mean ACO was 17% in the polished eyes and 26% in the control eyes (P = .0001). The mean fibrotic PCO score was 0.5 and 1.0, respectively (P = .0007). The mean ACO was 15% in the polished

2004 Journal of cataract and refractive surgery

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