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21. Correlation analysis of oral lesion sizes by various standardized criteria. (PubMed)

these measurements to 1) RECIST criteria, 2) scalar digital measurements using a standardized measuring device within the photograph, and 3) pixel number.RECIST criteria correlated (r-squared=0.8535, p<0.0001) with bi-dimensional measurements. Digitized measures in photographs correlated with bi-dimensional measurements (r-squared=0.6661, p=0.0007), but were time consuming. There was minimal to no correlation between pixel number in Adobe Photoshop and the other measures.Bi-dimensional measurement of oral

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2017 American Journal of Otolaryngology

22. Extraction of maxillary canines: Esthetic perceptions of patient smiles among dental professionals and laypeople. (PubMed)

. The photographs were blinded for extraction choice and standardized for size and brightness using computer software (Adobe Photoshop CC version 14.0; Adobe Systems, San Jose, Calif). The work file was converted to an editable pdf file and e-mailed to the assessors. The assessor panel consisted of 30 members (10 orthodontists, 10 dentists, and 10 laypeople), who were purposely selected. The measures were rated on a 10-point Likert scale.The attractiveness ratings were not statistically significantly different

2017 American journal of orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics

23. INTRAOCULAR LENS POSITION IN COMBINED PHACOEMULSIFICATION AND VITREORETINAL SURGERY. (PubMed)

the control group. The study group was further divided into silicone oil and gas tamponade subgroups. Cross-sectional IOL images were captured using a Pentacam HR (Oculus, Germany) and tilt and decentration were calculated with Adobe Photoshop software (Adobe, San Jose, CA).The mean angle of tilt and decentration at the vertical meridian were significantly higher in both tamponade groups than in the control group (P < 0.05 for all). No significant difference was observed among the groups regarding IOL

2017 Retina

24. The anatomical variation of the circulus arteriosus cerebri in a cadaver cohort representing the population dynamics of the Western Cape. (PubMed)

and anomalies) in a cadaver cohort representing the population of the Western Cape. Thirty-nine subjects (female n = 11, male n = 28) who had died of causes unrelated to brain trauma, were obtained from Stellenbosch University. Additionally, a pilot study was done on 20 specimens. The CAC were removed and fixed for three weeks in 10% buffered formaldehyde. Digital images were taken and the vessels were measured using Adobe Creative Suite 5: Extended edition (Photoshop). The normal diameter (type 1

2017 British Journal of Neurosurgery

25. Comparing the Zeiss Callisto Eye and the Alcon Verion Image Guided System Toric Lens Alignment Technologies. (PubMed)

system to the parallel guidance lines generated by the Callisto Eye system. Measurements of each hemi-meridian were quantified using Adobe Photoshop 2015 CC software (Adobe Systems, San Jose, CA). The numbers of degrees separating these alignment meridians were calculated, entered into a database, and analyzed.The authors found that of 98 captured images of 16 eyes, the two technologies were identical in 0 eyes (θ1 = θ2 = 0), similar by 3° in 52 (53%) captured images (θ1 ≠ θ2 ≠ 0), and different

2017 Journal of Refractive Surgery

26. Coronal and Intraradicular Appearances Affect Radiographic Perception of the Periapical Region. (PubMed)

using an online survey format, 2 pairs of digital periapical radiographic images were evaluated by 2 groups (A and B) of endodontist readers for the presence of a periapical finding. The images in each pair were identical except that 1 image of each image pairs had coronal restorations and/or root canal fillings altered using Adobe Photoshop software (Adobe Systems, San Jose, CA). The periapical areas were not altered. Using a 5-point Likert scale, the endodontist readers were asked to "Please

2017 Journal of Endodontics

27. Changes in Sunken Eyes Combined with Blepharoptosis after Levator Resection (PubMed)

images were converted to black and white using image-processing software (Adobe Photoshop), and the AES was calculated using ImageJ software. In addition, margin reflex distance, eyebrow height (EBH), and AES were measured before and 3 months after surgery to assess the changes in the eyelids.Preoperative AES was significantly correlated to age (P < 0.0001; r = 0.8062). Sunken eyes were remarkably improved after levator resection in all patients. Mean margin reflex distance significantly increased

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2017 Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Global Open

28. Impact Of Digital Photography & Conventional Method On The Accuracy Of Dental Shade Matching In The Esthetic Zone

Photography using (Photoshop) Software: 0 to 1: no difference in perception 1 to 2: only perceptible to a trained observer 2 to 3.5: perceptible difference 3.5 to 5: marked difference Device: Digital photography using software Photoshop When taking the image, a gray card is used for subsequent exposure calibration in Adobe Camera Raw (which is packaged with Photoshop). Images are then opened into Photoshop. The "INFO" panel must be open. Click on the small eyedropper in the Info panel window and click (...) of Dental Shade Selection in the Aesthetic Zone Device: Digital photography using software Photoshop Device: Vita 3D master shade guide Not Applicable Detailed Description: Randomized control trial, 2 groups will be included. Group 1: Color matching using Vita 3D master, using modified (USPHS) criteria Group 2: Color matching using digital photography using (Photoshop adopt) the assessment will be through a questionnaire for the patient satisfaction outcome using Visual analogue scale Study Design Go

2017 Clinical Trials

29. Perioperative Arnica montana for Reduction of Ecchymosis in Rhinoplasty Surgery. (PubMed)

ecchymosis in rhinoplasty surgery.Subjects scheduled for rhinoplasty surgery with nasal bone osteotomies by a single surgeon were prospectively randomized to receive either oral perioperative A. montana (Alpine Pharmaceuticals, San Rafael, Calif) or placebo in a double-blinded fashion. Ecchymosis was measured in digital "three-quarter"-view photographs at 3 postoperative time points. Each bruise was outlined with Adobe Photoshop (Adobe Systems Incorporated, San Jose, Calif), and the extent was scaled

2017 Annals of plastic surgery

30. Clinical Decision Support Model to Predict Occlusal Force in Bruxism Patients (PubMed)

splints were measured in pixels (P) and in red (R), green (G), and blue (B) values using Adobe Photoshop software (Adobe Systems, San Jose, CA, USA). The occlusal force (F) was measured using T-Scan III (Tekscan Inc., South Boston, MA, USA). The multiple regression equation was applied to predict F from the P and RGB. Model evaluation was performed using the datasets from 10 new patients. The patient's occlusal force measured by T-Scan III was used as a 'gold standard' to compare with the occlusal

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2017 Healthcare informatics research

31. Comparison of the Marginal Bone Loss in One-stage versus Two-stage Implant Surgery (PubMed)

approach. The baseline parallel periapical radiography was provided immediately after the surgery. Six months after the functional loading, another radiographic image was provided by using the same technique and machine. Marginal bone loss was calculated by using Adobe Photoshop CS5 software. Data were statistically analyzed with SPSS software. p values less than 0.05 were considered as significant.The mean Bone loss on the mesial and distal surfaces of implants inserted through one-stage surgery

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2017 Journal of dentistry

32. The Discoloration effect of White Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (WMTA), Calcium Enriched Mixture (CEM), and Portland Cement (PC) on Human Teeth (PubMed)

randomly divided into 4 experimental (n=20) and one control (n=10) groups. The tooth crowns in experimental groups 1 to 4 were filled with White MTA, PC, CEM cement and MTA-PG, respectively; and in group 5, the teeth were kept empty. After incubation, digital photographs of teeth were acquired at 4 time points (before, immediately after placing the materials, 3 and 6 months afterwards). Images were transferred to Adobe Photoshop CS4 and CIE L*a*b color space was used for tooth shade assessment. One-Way

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2017 Journal of clinical and experimental dentistry

33. Silicone Gel in the Treatment of Cleft Lip Scars

photograph was taken with a surgical ruler placed on the lower lip at the six-month follow up clinic. The scar width measurements were obtained from the photographs (using the surgical ruler as the reference) by two independent raters and means calculated. A commercial photograph program for scar width measurement was utilized (Photoshop CS5 extended version 12.0; Adobe Systems Inc, San Jose, California). Scars were measured at two points: the First Point was 1 mm above the white roll; the Second Point

2017 Clinical Trials

34. Nerves of Steel: a Low-Cost Method for 3D Printing the Cranial Nerves (PubMed)

, or utilizing a combination of the widely available software Adobe Photoshop, as well as a freeware software, OsiriX Lite.

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2017 Journal of Digital Imaging

35. Early AMD-like defects in the RPE and retinal degeneration in aged mice with RPE-specific deletion of Atg5 or Atg7 (PubMed)

of floxed Atg5 or Atg7 resulted in RPE-specific inactivation of the Atg5 or Atg7 gene. Plastic and thin retinal sections were analyzed with light and electron microscopy for histological changes. Photoreceptor outer segment (POS) thickness in plastic sections was measured using the Adobe Photoshop CS4 extended ruler tool. Autophagic adaptor p62/SQSTM1 and markers for oxidatively damaged lipids, proteins, and DNA were examined with immunofluorescence staining of cryosections. Fluorescence signals were

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2017 Molecular vision

36. Clinical Applications of a CT Window Blending Algorithm: RADIO (Relative Attenuation-Dependent Image Overlay) (PubMed)

Clinical Applications of a CT Window Blending Algorithm: RADIO (Relative Attenuation-Dependent Image Overlay) A methodology is described using Adobe Photoshop and Adobe Extendscript to process DICOM images with a Relative Attenuation-Dependent Image Overlay (RADIO) algorithm to visualize the full dynamic range of CT in one view, without requiring a change in window and level settings. The potential clinical uses for such an algorithm are described in a pictorial overview, including applications

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2017 Journal of Digital Imaging

37. Correlation between Visible Length of the Iris and the Length of the Maxillary Central Incisor Using Digital Image Analysis- A Pilot Study (PubMed)

analysed using Adobe Photoshop creative cloud software. The data was statistically evaluated and results were tabulated. Karl Pearson's Coefficient of Correlation was utilized to detect if any association existed between the two variables.The mean value of length of central incisor was 10.39 mm and the mean value of the visible length of iris was found to be 12.9 mm. A Pearson correlation analysis revealed an r-value <0.3 indicating minimal association between the two variables with a p-value >0.01

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2017 Journal of clinical and diagnostic research : JCDR

38. Clinical evaluation of microcystic macular edema in patients with glaucoma (PubMed)

was performed using en-face imaging obtained swept-source OCT (SS-OCT) and Adobe Photoshop CS6 Extended software. These values were compared with the visual field results with the Humphrey field analyzer.ResultsMME was observed in 1.6% of eyes. The visual field mean deviation (MD), pattern standard deviation (PSD) and visual acuity was significantly worse (P= 0.023, P=0.037, and P=0.018, respectively) in eyes with MME. The average MME area was 2.38±1.43%. There was no significant correlation between visual

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2016 Eye

39. Image Montaging for Creating a Virtual Pathology Slide: An Innovative and Economical Tool to Obtain a Whole Slide Image (PubMed)

. Methods. In a quest for their substitute, we tried commonly used image editing software Adobe Photoshop along with a basic image capturing device attached to a trinocular microscope to create a digital pathology slide. Results. The seamless image created using Adobe Photoshop maintained its diagnostic quality. Conclusion. With time and effort photomicrographs obtained from a basic camera-microscope set up can be combined and merged in Adobe Photoshop to create a whole slide digital image

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2016 Analytical cellular pathology (Amsterdam)

40. Predictive images of postoperative levator resection outcome using image processing software (PubMed)

Predictive images of postoperative levator resection outcome using image processing software This study aims to evaluate the efficacy of processed images to predict postoperative appearance following levator resection.Analysis involved 109 eyes from 65 patients with blepharoptosis who underwent advancement of levator aponeurosis and Müller's muscle complex (levator resection). Predictive images were prepared from preoperative photographs using the image processing software (Adobe Photoshop®

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2016 Clinical ophthalmology (Auckland, N.Z.)

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