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Acute Stress Disorder

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2. Systematic Review - Relationship of Deployment-related Mild Traumatic Brain Injury to Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Depressive Disorders, Substance Use Disorders, Suicidal Ideation, and Anxiety Disorders

Systematic Review - Relationship of Deployment-related Mild Traumatic Brain Injury to Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Depressive Disorders, Substance Use Disorders, Suicidal Ideation, and Anxiety Disorders 4 March 2019 Prepared for: Department of Veterans Affairs Veterans Health Administration Health Services Research & Development Service Washington, DC 20420 Prepared by: Evidence Synthesis Program (ESP) Center Portland VA Medical Center Portland, OR Mark Helfand, MD, MPH, MS, Director (...) Relationship of Deployment-related Mild Traumatic Brain Injury to Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Depressive Disorders, Substance Use Disorders, Suicidal Ideation, and Anxiety Disorders: A Systematic Review Authors: Principal Investigator: Nancy Greer, PhD Timothy J. Wilt, MD, MPH Co-Investigators: Princess Ackland, PhD, MSPH Roderick MacDonald, MS Nina Sayer, PhD Michele Spoont, PhD Brent Taylor, PhD Research Assistants: Lauren McKenzie, MPH Christina Rosebush, MPH Evidence Synthesis Program 4 Relationship

2019 Veterans Affairs Evidence-based Synthesis Program Reports

3. Management of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Acute Stress Reaction

Management of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Acute Stress Reaction VA/DOD CLINICAL PRACTICE GUIDELINE FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF POSTTRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER AND ACUTE STRESS DISORDER Department of Veterans Affairs Department of Defense QUALIFYING STATEMENTS The Department of Veterans Affairs and the Department of Defense guidelines are based upon the best information available at the time of publication. They are designed to provide information and assist decision making. They are not intended (...) testing and/or therapeutic interventions within these guidelines does not guarantee coverage of civilian sector care. Additional information on current TRICARE benefits may be found at www.tricare.mil or by contacting your regional TRICARE Managed Care Support Contractor. Version 3.0 – 2017 VA/DoD Clinical Practice Guideline for the Management of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Acute Stress Disorder June 2017 Page 2 of 200 Prepared by: The Management of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Work Group

2017 VA/DoD Clinical Practice Guidelines

4. Predictors of relapse after acute-phase cognitive behavioural therapy for anxiety disorders, post-traumatic stress disorder, and obsessive-compulsive disorder: a systematic review

Predictors of relapse after acute-phase cognitive behavioural therapy for anxiety disorders, post-traumatic stress disorder, and obsessive-compulsive disorder: a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility

2019 PROSPERO

5. Prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder, acute stress disorder and depression following violence related injury treated at the emergency department: a systematic review. (PubMed)

Prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder, acute stress disorder and depression following violence related injury treated at the emergency department: a systematic review. In order to gain insight into the health impact of violence related injury, the psychological consequences should be taken into account. There has been uncertainty regarding the prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), acute stress disorder (ASD), and depression among patients with violence related injury

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2018 BMC Psychiatry

6. Post-traumatic stress disorder

entions for the prev vention and treatment of PTSD in children ention and treatment of PTSD in children and y and young people oung people Pr Prev evention for childr ention for children and y en and young people oung people 1.6.6 Consider active monitoring or individual trauma-focused cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) within 1 month of a traumatic event for children and young people aged under 18 years with a diagnosis of acute stress disorder or clinically important symptoms of PTSD. [2018] [2018 (...) practice, see rationale and impact. Post-traumatic stress disorder (NG116) © NICE 2019. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and- conditions#notice-of-rights). Page 16 of 54Psy Psychological interv chological interventions for the pre entions for the prev vention and treatment of PTSD in adults ention and treatment of PTSD in adults Pr Prev evention for adults ention for adults 1.6.15 Offer an individual trauma-focused CBT intervention to adults who have acute

2018 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

7. Correction: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Prevalence and Risk of Recurrence in Acute Coronary Syndrome Patients: A Meta-analytic Review. (PubMed)

Correction: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Prevalence and Risk of Recurrence in Acute Coronary Syndrome Patients: A Meta-analytic Review. [This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0038915.].

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2019 PLoS ONE

8. Physiotherapist-delivered Stress Inoculation Training for acute whiplash-associated disorders: A qualitative study of perceptions and experiences. (PubMed)

Physiotherapist-delivered Stress Inoculation Training for acute whiplash-associated disorders: A qualitative study of perceptions and experiences. Formally trained and accredited physiotherapists delivered Stress Inoculation Training (SIT) integrated with guideline-based physiotherapy management to individuals with acute whiplash associated disorders (WAD) as part of a randomised controlled trial. The delivery of SIT by physiotherapists is new.To investigate physiotherapists' perspectives (...) in routine practice, by selectively delivering sessions and/or integrating the content with other management. Physiotherapists were able to deliver SIT as was intended (94.6% adherence).Physiotherapists' supported adding SIT to usual management of individuals with acute WAD. Education on SIT principles is recommended during pre-professional training to facilitate future implementation.Copyright © 2018. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

2018 Musculoskeletal science & practice

9. Acute stress disorder and the transition to posttraumatic stress disorder in children and adolescents: Prevalence, course, prognosis, diagnostic suitability, and risk markers (PubMed)

Acute stress disorder and the transition to posttraumatic stress disorder in children and adolescents: Prevalence, course, prognosis, diagnostic suitability, and risk markers Early recovery from trauma exposure in youth is poorly understood. This prospective longitudinal study examined the early course of traumatic stress responses in recently trauma-exposed youth, evaluated the revised DSM-5 acute stress disorder (ASD) and PTSD diagnoses and alternative diagnoses, and identified risk factors (...) recovery in the first months posttrauma. Using DSM-5 criteria, ASD may not capture all clinically significant traumatic stress in the acute phase and is only moderately sensitive for later PTSD. Future research needs to address the role and etiology of negative alterations in cognition and mood symptoms.© 2017 The Authors. Depression and Anxiety published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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2017 Depression and anxiety

10. Australian guidelines for the treatment of acute stress disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder

Australian guidelines for the treatment of acute stress disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder Acute Stress Disorder & Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Promoting recovery after trauma Australian Guidelines for the Treatment of© Phoenix Australia - Centre for Posttraumatic Mental Health, 2013 ISBN Print: 978-0-9752246-0-1 ISBN Online: 978-0-9752246-1-8 This work is copyright. Apart from any use as permitted under the Copyright Act 1968, no part may be reproduced by any process without prior (...) Mental Health. Australian Guidelines for the Treatment of Acute Stress Disorder and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Phoenix Australia, Melbourne, Victoria. Legal disclaimer This document is a general guide to appropriate practice, to be followed only subject to the practitioner’s judgement in each individual case. The guidelines are designed to provide information to assist decision making and are based on the best information available at the date of publication. In recognition of the pace

2013 Clinical Practice Guidelines Portal

11. What Acute Stress Protocols Can Tell Us About PTSD and Stress-Related Neuropsychiatric Disorders (PubMed)

What Acute Stress Protocols Can Tell Us About PTSD and Stress-Related Neuropsychiatric Disorders Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), the fifth most prevalent mental disorder in the United States, is a chronic, debilitating mental illness with as yet limited options for treatment. Hallmark symptoms of PTSD include intrusive memory of trauma, avoidance of reminders of the event, hyperarousal and hypervigilance, emotional numbing, and anhedonia. PTSD is often triggered by exposure to a single (...) traumatic experience, such as a traffic accident, a natural catastrophe, or an episode of violence. This suggests that stressful events have a primary role in the pathogenesis of the disorder, although genetic background and previous life events are likely involved. However, pathophysiology of this mental disorder, as for major depression and anxiety disorders, is still poorly understood. In particular, it is unknown how can a single traumatic, stressful event induce a disease that can last for years

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2018 Frontiers in pharmacology

12. Do screening and a randomized brief intervention at a Level 1 trauma center impact acute stress reactions to prevent later development of posttraumatic stress disorder? (PubMed)

Do screening and a randomized brief intervention at a Level 1 trauma center impact acute stress reactions to prevent later development of posttraumatic stress disorder? Approximately 20% to 40% of trauma survivors experience posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The American College of Surgeons Committee on Trauma reports that early screening and referral has the potential to improve outcomes and that further study of screening and intervention for PTSD would be beneficial. This prospective (...) randomized study screened hospitalized patients for traumatic stress reactions and assessed the effect of a brief intervention in reducing later development of PTSD.The Primary Care PTSD (PC-PTSD) screen was administered to admitted patients. Patients with symptoms were randomized to an intervention or control group. The brief intervention focused on symptom education and normalization, coping strategies, and utilizing supports. The control group received a 3-minute educational brochure review. Both

2018 The journal of trauma and acute care surgery Controlled trial quality: uncertain

13. Novel Risk Factors for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms in Family Members of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Survivors. (PubMed)

Novel Risk Factors for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms in Family Members of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Survivors. Family members of ICU survivors report long-term psychologic symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder. We describe patient- and family-member risk factors for posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms among family members of survivors of acute respiratory distress syndrome.Prospective cohort study of family members of acute respiratory distress syndrome (...) survivors.Single tertiary care center in Seattle, Washington.From 2010 to 2015, we assembled an inception cohort of adult acute respiratory distress syndrome survivors who identified family members involved in ICU and post-ICU care. One-hundred sixty-two family members enrolled in the study, corresponding to 120 patients.None.Family members were assessed for self-reported psychologic symptoms 6 months after patient discharge using the Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist-Civilian Version, the Patient Health

2019 Critical Care Medicine

14. HOW ARE PAIN AND TRAUMATIC STRESS SYMPTOMS RELATED IN ACUTE WHIPLASH ASSOCIATED DISORDERS? AN INVESTIGATION OF THE ROLE OF PAIN-RELATED FEAR IN A DAILY DIARY STUDY. (PubMed)

HOW ARE PAIN AND TRAUMATIC STRESS SYMPTOMS RELATED IN ACUTE WHIPLASH ASSOCIATED DISORDERS? AN INVESTIGATION OF THE ROLE OF PAIN-RELATED FEAR IN A DAILY DIARY STUDY. Comorbidity of pain and posttraumatic stress disorder is well recognized but the reason for this association is unclear. This study investigated the direction of the relationship between pain and traumatic stress and the role that pain-related fear plays, for patients with acute whiplash associated disorder (WAD). Participants (n (...) = 99) used an electronic diary to record hourly ratings of pain, traumatic stress and fear-of-pain symptoms over a day. Relationships between pain, traumatic stress and pain-related fear symptoms were investigated through multilevel models including variables lagged by one hour. Traumatic stress was associated with previous pain, even after controlling for previous traumatic stress and current pain; current pain was not associated with previous traumatic stress. The relationship between traumatic

2019 Pain

15. Internet-delivered computerized cognitive & affective remediation training for the treatment of acute and chronic posttraumatic stress disorder: Two randomized clinical trials. (PubMed)

Internet-delivered computerized cognitive & affective remediation training for the treatment of acute and chronic posttraumatic stress disorder: Two randomized clinical trials. Treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is time and cost-intensive. New, readily implementable interventions are needed. Two parallel randomized clinical trials tested if cognitive/affective computerized training improves cognitive/affective functions and PTSD symptoms in acute (N = 80) and chronic PTSD (N = 84 (...) ). Adults age 18-65 were recruited from an Israeli hospital emergency room (acute) or from across the United States (chronic). Individuals were randomized to an active intervention (acute N = 50, chronic N = 48) that adaptively trains cognition and an affective positivity bias, or a control intervention (acute N = 30, chronic N = 36) of engaging computer games. Participants, blind to assignment, completed exercises at home for 30 min/day over 30 days (acute) or 45 min/day over 45 days (chronic). Primary

2019 Journal of psychiatric research Controlled trial quality: uncertain

16. Acute effects of device-guided slow breathing on sympathetic nerve activity and baroreflex sensitivity in posttraumatic stress disorder. (PubMed)

Acute effects of device-guided slow breathing on sympathetic nerve activity and baroreflex sensitivity in posttraumatic stress disorder. Patients with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have elevated sympathetic nervous system reactivity and impaired sympathetic and cardiovagal baroreflex sensitivity (BRS). Device-guided slow breathing (DGB) has been shown to lower blood pressure (BP) and sympathetic activity in other patient populations. We hypothesized that DGB acutely lowers BP, heart rate (...) & NOTEWORTHY Posttraumatic stress disorder is characterized by augmented sympathetic reactivity, impaired baroreflex sensitivity, and an increased risk for developing hypertension and cardiovascular disease. This is the first study to examine the potential beneficial effects of device-guided slow breathing on hemodynamics, sympathetic activity, and arterial baroreflex sensitivity in prehypertensive veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder.

2019 American journal of physiology. Heart and circulatory physiology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

17. Pharmacologic and Nonpharmacologic Treatments for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

and Acute Stress Disorder, Version 3.0. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs and Department of Defense; 2017. https://www.healthquality.va.gov/guidelines /MH/ptsd/. Accessed March 16, 2018. 10. Chen S, Spry C. Group Cognitive Processing Therapy for Adults with Post- Traumatic Stress Disorder, Anxiety, or Mood Disorders: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness and Guidelines. Rapid Response Summary with Critical Appraisal. Project Number: RC0891-000. Ottawa, ON, Canada: Canadian Agency (...) Pharmacologic and Nonpharmacologic Treatments for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Pharmacologic and Nonpharmacologic Treatments for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: Groundwork for a Publicly Available Repository of Randomized Controlled Trial Data Technical Brief Number 32 R Technical Brief Number 32 Pharmacologic and Nonpharmacologic Treatments for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: Groundwork for a Publicly Available Repository of Randomized Controlled Trial Data Prepared for: Agency for Healthcare

2019 Effective Health Care Program (AHRQ)

18. Internet-Based Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) occurs as a response to an acute traumatic event or an extreme stressor. Symptoms include fear, helplessness, hyperarousal, re-experiencing of the event, and avoidance of reminders of the event for at least one month. PTSD can be treated with pharmacological and psychological interventions such as cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT). CBT delivered through the Internet (iCBT) may mitigate barriers to accessing face-to-face CBT such as geographical distance or cost (...) Internet-Based Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Internet-Based Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder | CADTH.ca Find the information you need Internet-Based Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Internet-Based Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Last updated: October 2, 2019 Project Number: OP0537-000 Product Line: Result type: Report Expected Completion Date: March 27, 2020 Post

2019 CADTH - Optimal Use

19. Evidence Brief: Effectiveness of Stellate Ganglion Block for Treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

Evidence Brief: Effectiveness of Stellate Ganglion Block for Treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) 4 Department of Veterans Affairs Health Services Research & Development Service Evidence-based Synthesis Program Evidence Brief: Effectiveness of Stellate Ganglion Block for Treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) February 2017 Prepared for: Department of Veterans Affairs Veterans Health Administration Quality Enhancement Research Initiative Health Services Research (...) with stakeholders to effectively engage the program. Comments on this evidence report are welcome and can be sent to Nicole Floyd, ESP CC Program Manager, at Nicole.Floyd@va.gov. Recommended citation: Peterson K, Bourne D, Anderson J, Mackey K, Helfand M. Evidence Brief: Effectiveness of Stellate Ganglion Block for Treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. VA ESP Project #09-199; 2017. This report is based on research conducted by the Evidence-based Synthesis Program (ESP) Coordinating Center located

2017 Veterans Affairs Evidence-based Synthesis Program Reports

20. Persistent effects of acute stress on fear and drug-seeking in a novel model of the comorbidity between post-traumatic stress disorder and addiction (PubMed)

Persistent effects of acute stress on fear and drug-seeking in a novel model of the comorbidity between post-traumatic stress disorder and addiction Even following long periods of abstinence, individuals with anxiety disorders have high rates of relapse to drugs of abuse. Although many current models of relapse demonstrate effects of acute stress on drug-seeking, most of these studies examine stressful experiences that occur in close temporal and physical proximity to the reinstatement test (...) conditioned place preference in mice, and persistent enhancements in cue-induced reinstatement of methamphetamine-seeking behavior in rats. Together, these experiments demonstrate that an acute trauma causes persistent changes in responsivity to mild stressors and drug-seeking behavior in other contexts, which mirrors aspects of the comorbidity between post-traumatic stress disorder and substance use disorders. These behavioral approaches provide novel procedures for investigating basic mechanisms

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2017 Learning & Memory

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