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Acute Rheumatic Fever

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2. Rheumatic fever

Rheumatic fever Rheumatic fever - Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment | BMJ Best Practice You'll need a subscription to access all of BMJ Best Practice Search  Rheumatic fever Last reviewed: February 2019 Last updated: February 2019 Summary Acute rheumatic fever continues to cause a large burden of mortality and morbidity in developing countries. It is less common in developed countries but continues to be seen in indigenous communities and during outbreaks. No single test can diagnose acute (...) rheumatic fever. Diagnosis is clinical and relies on the Jones criteria. The 5 major manifestations of acute rheumatic fever are carditis, arthritis, chorea, erythema marginatum, and subcutaneous nodules, of which the most common are carditis and arthritis. The Jones criteria were revised in 2015 to include separate criteria for low-risk and moderate- to high-risk populations. While all other manifestations of acute rheumatic fever resolve without sequelae, carditis can lead to chronic rheumatic heart

2019 BMJ Best Practice

3. School-based surveillance for detection of children with acute pharyngitis, rheumatic fever/rheumatic heart disease in Shimla district, Himachal Pradesh, India-A cluster randomized controlled trial. (PubMed)

School-based surveillance for detection of children with acute pharyngitis, rheumatic fever/rheumatic heart disease in Shimla district, Himachal Pradesh, India-A cluster randomized controlled trial. The lack of surveillance system is a major barrier in prevention and control of rheumatic fever/rheumatic heart disease (RF/RHD). Efficacy of school-based surveillance was evaluated for detection of acute pharyngitis and RF/RHD in Shimla district, HP.The schools in district Shimla were randomly (...) assigned to intervention and controlled arm (442 vs. 441 schools). The trained nodal teachers reported children with symptoms of acute pharyngitis and or RF/RHD in intervention arm and children taken to hospitals by parents for symptoms of acute pharyngitis and or RF/RHD under control arm through mobile phone to coordinating centre. Final outcome for presence of RF/RHD or other heart Diseases was recorded after examination at nearest primary health centers and/or at Indira Gandhi Medical College

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2019 Indian heart journal Controlled trial quality: uncertain

4. Rheumatic fever

Rheumatic fever Rheumatic fever - Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment | BMJ Best Practice You'll need a subscription to access all of BMJ Best Practice Search  Rheumatic fever Last reviewed: February 2019 Last updated: February 2019 Summary Acute rheumatic fever continues to cause a large burden of mortality and morbidity in developing countries. It is less common in developed countries but continues to be seen in indigenous communities and during outbreaks. No single test can diagnose acute (...) rheumatic fever. Diagnosis is clinical and relies on the Jones criteria. The 5 major manifestations of acute rheumatic fever are carditis, arthritis, chorea, erythema marginatum, and subcutaneous nodules, of which the most common are carditis and arthritis. The Jones criteria were revised in 2015 to include separate criteria for low-risk and moderate- to high-risk populations. While all other manifestations of acute rheumatic fever resolve without sequelae, carditis can lead to chronic rheumatic heart

2018 BMJ Best Practice

5. Anti-inflammatory treatment for carditis in acute rheumatic fever. (PubMed)

Anti-inflammatory treatment for carditis in acute rheumatic fever. Rheumatic heart disease remains an important cause of acquired heart disease in developing countries. Although prevention of rheumatic fever and management of recurrences have been well established, optimal management of active rheumatic carditis remains unclear. This is an update of a review published in 2003, and previously updated in 2009 and 2012.To assess the effects, both harmful and beneficial, of anti-inflammatory agents (...) and applied no language restrictions.Randomised controlled trials comparing anti-inflammatory agents (e.g. aspirin, steroids, immunoglobulins, pentoxifylline) versus placebo or controls, or comparing any of the anti-inflammatory agents versus one another, in adults and children with acute rheumatic fever diagnosed according to Jones, or modified Jones, criteria. The presence of cardiac disease one year after treatment was the major outcome criterion selected.Two review authors extracted data and assessed

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2015 Cochrane

6. Acute rheumatic fever. (PubMed)

Acute rheumatic fever. Acute rheumatic fever is caused by an autoimmune response to throat infection with Streptococcus pyogenes. Cardiac involvement during acute rheumatic fever can result in rheumatic heart disease, which can cause heart failure and premature mortality. Poverty and household overcrowding are associated with an increased prevalence of acute rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease, both of which remain a public health problem in many low-income countries. Control efforts (...) are hampered by the scarcity of accurate data on disease burden, and effective approaches to diagnosis, prevention, and treatment. The diagnosis of acute rheumatic fever is entirely clinical, without any laboratory gold standard, and no treatments have been shown to reduce progression to rheumatic heart disease. Prevention mainly relies on the prompt recognition and treatment of streptococcal pharyngitis, and avoidance of recurrent infection using long-term antibiotics. But evidence for the effectiveness

2018 Lancet

7. The role of social determinants of health in the risk and prevention of group A streptococcal infection, acute rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease: A systematic review (PubMed)

The role of social determinants of health in the risk and prevention of group A streptococcal infection, acute rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease: A systematic review Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) poses a major disease burden among disadvantaged populations globally. It results from acute rheumatic fever (ARF), a complication of Group A Streptococcal (GAS) infection. These conditions are acknowledged as diseases of poverty, however the role of specific social and environmental factors

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2018 PLoS neglected tropical diseases

8. The incidence of sore throat in children at risk of acute rheumatic fever

The incidence of sore throat in children at risk of acute rheumatic fever Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email

2019 PROSPERO

9. The analysis of the effects of acute rheumatic fever in childhood on cardiac disease with data mining. (PubMed)

The analysis of the effects of acute rheumatic fever in childhood on cardiac disease with data mining. Acute rheumatic fever (ARF) is an important disease that is frequently seen in Turkey, it is necessary to develop solutions to cure the disease. It is believed that new data analysis methods may be applied to this disease, and this may be useful to discover previously unrecognized patterns. Data mining of existing records and data repositories may improve knowledge on the diagnosis

2019 International journal of medical informatics

10. Four-Weekly Benzathine Penicillin G Provides Inadequate Protection against Acute Rheumatic Fever in Some Children. (PubMed)

Four-Weekly Benzathine Penicillin G Provides Inadequate Protection against Acute Rheumatic Fever in Some Children. This study aimed to identify recurrent acute rheumatic fever (ARF) episodes which occurred despite adherence to prophylactic benzathine penicillin G (BPG). Data from Australia's Northern Territory were analyzed; ARF recurrences between 2012 and 2017 diagnosed while the person was prescribed BPG were identified. Days at risk (DAR)-median and interquartile range-preceding ARF onset

2019 American Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene

11. Carditis in Acute Rheumatic Fever in a High-Income and Moderate-Risk Country. (PubMed)

Carditis in Acute Rheumatic Fever in a High-Income and Moderate-Risk Country. To describe clinical presentation, electrocardiographic, and echocardiographic characteristics of carditis at the time of diagnosis of acute rheumatic fever (ARF) over a 13-year period.A single-center retrospective chart analysis was conducted involving all consecutive patients diagnosed with ARF between 2003 and 2015. Patient age, sex, clinical characteristics, recent medical history for group A streptococcal

2019 Journal of Pediatrics

12. Case Report: Concurrent Rheumatic Fever and Acute Post-Streptococcal Glomerulonephritis in a High-Burden Setting. (PubMed)

Case Report: Concurrent Rheumatic Fever and Acute Post-Streptococcal Glomerulonephritis in a High-Burden Setting. We report a case of acute rheumatic fever with severe pancarditis occurring simultaneously with probable acute post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis in a previously well, Australian Aboriginal, 29-year-old male. These autoimmune streptococcal sequelae are usually considered pathogenetically distinct, and concurrence has not previously been reported from this high-burden setting. We (...) hypothesize that a single type of infecting group A Streptococcus (StrepA) triggered both autoimmune sequelae. Salient features included mitral and aortic regurgitation that worsened during the acute illness, painful pericarditis, and high troponin; severe acute kidney injury with oliguria, hematuria, and macroalbuminuria; reduced complement (C3); and elevated streptococcal serology. The case highlights important diagnostic and management challenges. It also illustrates the serious morbidity impact

2019 American Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene

13. Adherence to secondary prophylaxis for acute rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease: a systematic review. (PubMed)

Adherence to secondary prophylaxis for acute rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease: a systematic review. Optimal delivery of regular benzathine penicillin G (BPG) injections prescribed as secondary prophylaxis for acute rheumatic fever (ARF) and rheumatic heart disease (RHD) is vital to preventing disease morbidity and cardiac sequelae in affected pediatric and young adult populations. However, poor uptake of secondary prophylaxis remains a significant challenge to ARF/RHD control

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2017 Current cardiology reviews

14. Group A Streptococcus, Acute Rheumatic Fever and Rheumatic Heart Disease: Epidemiology and Clinical Considerations (PubMed)

Group A Streptococcus, Acute Rheumatic Fever and Rheumatic Heart Disease: Epidemiology and Clinical Considerations Early recognition of group A streptococcal pharyngitis and appropriate management with benzathine penicillin using local clinical prediction rules together with validated rapi-strep testing when available should be incorporated in primary health care. A directed approach to the differential diagnosis of acute rheumatic fever now includes the concept of low-risk versus medium

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2017 Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine

15. Acute Rheumatic Fever and Rheumatic Heart Disease Research (PubMed)

Acute Rheumatic Fever and Rheumatic Heart Disease Research 28552221 2018 08 22 2018 11 13 2211-8179 12 1 2017 Mar Global heart Glob Heart RF and RHD Research. 63-65 S2211-8160(17)30019-4 10.1016/j.gheart.2017.03.001 Mensah George A GA Center for Translation Research and Implementation Science (CTRIS), National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI), National Institutes of Health (NIH), Bethesda, Maryland, USA. Electronic address: George.Mensah@nih.gov. Engelgau Michael M MM Center (...) for Translation Research and Implementation Science (CTRIS), National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI), National Institutes of Health (NIH), Bethesda, Maryland, USA. eng Z99 HL999999 NULL Intramural NIH HHS United States Journal Article Review England Glob Heart 101584391 IM Biomedical Research Cardiology Global Health Humans Morbidity trends Primary Prevention methods Rheumatic Fever epidemiology prevention & control Rheumatic Heart Disease epidemiology prevention & control Rheumatology 2017 5 30 6 0

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2017 Global heart

16. Atrial fibrillation 50 years after acute rheumatic fever as the first manifestation of rheumatic mitral stenosis (PubMed)

Atrial fibrillation 50 years after acute rheumatic fever as the first manifestation of rheumatic mitral stenosis 28405095 2019 02 26 0899-8280 30 2 2017 Apr Proceedings (Baylor University. Medical Center) Proc (Bayl Univ Med Cent) Atrial fibrillation 50 years after acute rheumatic fever as the first manifestation of rheumatic mitral stenosis. 232-233 Glancy D Luke DL Section of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, Louisiana. eng

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2017 Proceedings (Baylor University. Medical Center)

17. Revision of the Jones Criteria for the Diagnosis of Acute Rheumatic Fever in the Era of Doppler Echocardiography

Revision of the Jones Criteria for the Diagnosis of Acute Rheumatic Fever in the Era of Doppler Echocardiography Revision of the Jones Criteria for the Diagnosis of Acute Rheumatic Fever in the Era of Doppler Echocardiography | Circulation Search Hello Guest! Login to your account Email Password Keep me logged in Search March 2019 March 2019 March 2019 March 2019 March 2019 February 2019 February 2019 February 2019 February 2019 January 2019 January 2019 January 2019 January 2019 January 2019 (...) This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse this site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Free Access article Share on Jump to Free Access article Revision of the Jones Criteria for the Diagnosis of Acute Rheumatic Fever in the Era of Doppler Echocardiography A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association , MD, FAHA , MD , MD, FAHA , MD, FAHA , MD , MBBS , MBBS , PhD, FAHA , MD, FAHA , MD , MBChB , MD , and MD MD, FAHAon behalf of the American Heart Association Committee on Rheumatic

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2015 American Heart Association

18. Anti-inflammatory treatment for carditis in acute rheumatic fever. (PubMed)

Anti-inflammatory treatment for carditis in acute rheumatic fever. Rheumatic heart disease remains an important cause of acquired heart disease in developing countries. Although the prevention of rheumatic fever and the management of recurrences is well established, the optimal management of active rheumatic carditis is still unclear. This is an update of a review published in 2003 and previously updated in 2009.To assess the effects of anti-inflammatory agents such as aspirin, corticosteroids (...) , steroids, immunoglobulins, pentoxifylline) with placebo or controls, or comparing any of the anti-inflammatory agents with one another, in adults and children with acute rheumatic fever diagnosed according to the Jones, or modified Jones criteria. The presence of cardiac disease one year after treatment was the major outcome criteria selected.Two reviewers independently extracted data. Risk of bias was assessed using methodology outlined in the Cochrane handbook.No new studies were included

2012 Cochrane

19. The Australian guideline for prevention, diagnosis and management of acute rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease

The Australian guideline for prevention, diagnosis and management of acute rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease The Australian guideline for prevention, diagnosis and management of acute rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease (2nd edition)Lead authors Professor Jonathan Carapetis (Chair); Professor Alex Brown; Associate Professor Graeme Maguire; Dr Warren Walsh Ms Sara Noonan; Mr Dale Thompson (Coordination and Secretariat) Major contributors Mr Marc Rémond; Dr Bo Remenyi; Dr Andrew (...) are reserved. Enquiries concerning reproduction and rights should be addressed to info@rhdaustralia.org.au Suggested citation RHDAustralia (ARF/RHD writing group), National Heart Foundation of Australia and the Cardiac Society of Australia and New Zealand. Australian guideline for prevention, diagnosis and management of acute rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease (2nd edition). 2012 ISBN 978-0-9587722-9-7 (paperback) 978-0-9587722-5-9 (online) Disclaimer This publication was funded by the Australian

2012 Clinical Practice Guidelines Portal

20. Epidemiologic Impact of the New Guidelines for the Diagnosis of Acute Rheumatic Fever. (PubMed)

Epidemiologic Impact of the New Guidelines for the Diagnosis of Acute Rheumatic Fever. To estimate the incidence of acute rheumatic fever (ARF) in a metropolitan area of Northern Italy and study how the introduction of the 2015 revised Jones criteria affects the epidemiology in a region with moderate to high incidence of ARF.The incidence of ARF in children 5-14 years old living in the Province of Turin was estimated using low-risk criteria in a 10-year period (group A patients). The proportion

2018 Journal of Pediatrics

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