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Acute Laryngitis

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1. Antibiotics for acute laryngitis in adults. (PubMed)

Antibiotics for acute laryngitis in adults. This is an update of the original review published in 2005. Acute laryngitis is a common illness worldwide. Diagnosis is often made by case history alone and treatment often targets symptoms.To assess the effectiveness and safety of different antibiotic therapies in adults with acute laryngitis. A secondary objective was to report the rates of adverse events associated with these treatments.We searched CENTRAL (2014, Issue 11), MEDLINE (January 1966 (...) to November week 3, 2014), EMBASE (1974 to December 2014), LILACS (1982 to December 2014) and BIOSIS (1980 to December 2014).Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) comparing any antibiotic therapy with placebo for acute laryngitis. The main outcome was objective voice scores.Two review authors independently extracted and synthesised data.We included three RCTs (351 participants) that had moderate to high risk of bias. The quality of the evidence was very low for all outcomes. We downgraded the studies

2015 Cochrane

2. Laryngeal cancer

aspiration of neck mass flexible fibre-optic laryngoscopy rigid videostroboscopy rigid direct laryngoscopy laryngeal biopsy whole-body PET/CT scan fluorescence endoscopy Treatment algorithm ACUTE ONGOING Contributors Authors Professor of Surgery Yale Cancer Center Yale School of Medicine New Haven CT Disclosures CS declares that he has no competing interests. Otolaryngologist Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Division MedStar Washington Hospital Center Georgetown University Washington DC Disclosures MP (...) Laryngeal cancer Laryngeal cancer - Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment | BMJ Best Practice You'll need a subscription to access all of BMJ Best Practice Search  Laryngeal cancer Last reviewed: February 2019 Last updated: February 2019 Summary Eleventh most common form of cancer and second most common malignancy of the upper aerodigestive tract in men. Smoking and alcohol use frequently associated with development of the disease. Hoarseness, dysphonia, sore throat, difficulty swallowing

2019 BMJ Best Practice

3. Intensity-modulated radiotherapy (55 Gy in 20 fractions) for high-grade laryngeal dysplasia: report of acute toxicity and functional outcome. (PubMed)

Intensity-modulated radiotherapy (55 Gy in 20 fractions) for high-grade laryngeal dysplasia: report of acute toxicity and functional outcome. Radiotherapy is an option to treat high-grade laryngeal dysplasia. This study aimed to evaluate the use of intensity-modulated radiotherapy, 55 Gy in 20 daily fractions, in treating this disease.Acute toxicity was evaluated in all 14 patients treated. In 10 patients, functional voice outcome was measured using the Voice Handicap Index, and the Grade (...) , Roughness, Breath, Asthenia, Strain ('GRBAS') scale. These measurements were performed pre-treatment and three months after intensity-modulated radiotherapy.All but one patient managed to complete radiotherapy. Acute toxicity was significant (one patient developed grade 4 and three patients developed grade 3 dysphagia). Four patients required hospital admission. In 9 out of 10 patients, radiotherapy improved voice quality.This radiotherapy regimen using intensity-modulated radiotherapy for laryngeal

2019 Journal of Laryngology & Otology

4. Early medical therapy for acute laryngeal injury (ALgI) following endotracheal intubation: a protocol for a prospective single-centre randomised controlled trial. (PubMed)

Early medical therapy for acute laryngeal injury (ALgI) following endotracheal intubation: a protocol for a prospective single-centre randomised controlled trial. Respiratory failure requiring endotracheal intubation accounts for a significant proportion of intensive care unit (ICU) admissions. Little attention has been paid to the laryngeal consequences of endotracheal intubation. Acute laryngeal injury (ALgI) after intubation occurs at the mucosal interface of the endotracheal tube

2019 BMJ open

5. Antibiotics for acute laryngitis in adults. (PubMed)

Antibiotics for acute laryngitis in adults. This is an updated version of the original review published in Issue 2, 2007 of The Cochrane Library. Acute laryngitis is a common illness worldwide. Diagnosis is often made by case history alone and treatment is often directed toward controlling symptoms.To assess the effectiveness and safety of different antibiotic therapies in adults with acute laryngitis. A secondary objective was to report the rates of adverse events associated (...) with these treatments.We searched CENTRAL 2012, Issue 12, MEDLINE (January 1966 to January week 3, 2013), EMBASE (1974 to January 2013), LILACS (1982 to January 2013) and BIOSIS (1980 to January 2013).Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) comparing any antibiotic therapy with placebo for acute laryngitis. The main outcome was objective voice scores.Two review authors independently extracted and descriptively synthesised data.Only two trials met the study inclusion criteria after extensive literature searches. One

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2013 Cochrane

6. Laryngitis

Laryngitis Laryngitis - Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment | BMJ Best Practice You'll need a subscription to access all of BMJ Best Practice Search  Laryngitis Last reviewed: February 2019 Last updated: March 2018 Summary Laryngitis is inflammation of the larynx, which can lead to oedema of the true vocal folds. Causes may be infectious or non-infectious (e.g., vocal strain, reflux laryngitis, chronic irritative laryngitis). Generally clinically diagnosed. Symptoms of acute disease, most (...) . A thorough evaluation and specialist consultation should be obtained, because symptoms are similar to those of laryngeal malignancy. Treatment for viral laryngitis consists of voice rest and hydration. For bacterial causes, antibiotics are used along with supportive measures. Vocal strain is managed with voice therapy and vocal hygiene. Definition Laryngitis refers to inflammation of the larynx. This can lead to oedema of the true vocal folds, resulting in hoarseness. Laryngitis can be acute or chronic

2018 BMJ Best Practice

7. Laryngeal cancer

aspiration of neck mass flexible fibre-optic laryngoscopy rigid videostroboscopy rigid direct laryngoscopy laryngeal biopsy whole-body PET/CT scan fluorescence endoscopy Treatment algorithm ACUTE ONGOING Contributors Authors Professor of Surgery Yale Cancer Center Yale School of Medicine New Haven CT Disclosures CS declares that he has no competing interests. Otolaryngologist Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Division MedStar Washington Hospital Center Georgetown University Washington DC Disclosures MP (...) Laryngeal cancer Laryngeal cancer - Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment | BMJ Best Practice You'll need a subscription to access all of BMJ Best Practice Search  Laryngeal cancer Last reviewed: February 2019 Last updated: February 2019 Summary Eleventh most common form of cancer and second most common malignancy of the upper aerodigestive tract in men. Smoking and alcohol use frequently associated with development of the disease. Hoarseness, dysphonia, sore throat, difficulty swallowing

2018 BMJ Best Practice

8. [Efficacy of systemic glucocorticoids combined with inhaled steroid on children with acute laryngitis]. (PubMed)

[Efficacy of systemic glucocorticoids combined with inhaled steroid on children with acute laryngitis]. Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of systemic glucocorticoid (steroid) combined with high dose inhaled steroid in the treatment of children with acute laryngitis. Methods: A total of 78 children with acute laryngitis were randomly divided into study group(n=40) and control group(n=38) between November 2016 and April 2017. In addition to routine treatment of anti infection and symptomatic (...) , hoarseness, barking cough or stridor score at each time point after treatment between the two groups(P>0.05). The effective rate was 92.50% and 92.11% in study group and control group, respectively, and no significant difference was noted (P>0.05). Conclusion: Compared with single systemic glucocorticoid, systemic glucocorticoids combined with inhaled steroid possessed similar efficacy in treating acute laryngitis and relieving laryngeal obstruction of children.

2018 Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery

9. Compound Motor Action Potential Measures Acute Changes in Laryngeal Innervation. (PubMed)

Compound Motor Action Potential Measures Acute Changes in Laryngeal Innervation. Vocal fold paralysis is caused by injury to the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN). Current clinical measures of laryngeal innervation are often nonquantitative. Compound motor action potentials (CMAP) measure motor innervation. The goal of this study was to determine whether CMAP can quantify laryngeal innervation following acute nerve injury.Animal study.Twelve canine hemilaryngeal preparations were used. The RLN

2018 Rhinology and Laryngology

10. Development of a Closed-Loop Stimulator for Laryngeal Reanimation: Part 2. Device Testing in the Canine Model of Laryngeal Paralysis. (PubMed)

the in vivo effects of laryngeal muscle stimulation on short- and long-term glottic function.Prospective, laboratory.We designed and tested a series of microprocessor-based implantable devices that can stimulate glottic opening or closing based on input from physiological control signals (real-time processing of electromyographic [EMG] signals). After acute device testing experiments, 2 dogs were implanted for 8 and 24 months, with periodic testing of closed-loop laryngeal muscle stimulation triggered (...) Development of a Closed-Loop Stimulator for Laryngeal Reanimation: Part 2. Device Testing in the Canine Model of Laryngeal Paralysis. Laryngeal paralysis of central or peripheral origin can potentially be treated using functional electrical stimulation (FES) of laryngeal muscles. Experiments in canines (dogs) were performed using implant prototypes capable of closed-loop FES to refine engineering designs and specifications, test surgical approaches for implantation, and better understand

2019 Rhinology and Laryngology

11. Laryngeal adductor function following potassium titanyl phosphate laser welding of the recurrent laryngeal nerve. (PubMed)

Laryngeal adductor function following potassium titanyl phosphate laser welding of the recurrent laryngeal nerve. Recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) transection injuries may occur during thyroidectomy and other surgical procedures. Laser nerve welding has been shown to cause less technique-related axonal damage than the traditional suture method. We compared functional adductor results using these two methods of RLN repair.Animal model.Canine hemilarynges underwent pretreatment testing (...) of laryngeal adductor function, followed by RLN transection and repair using potassium titanyl phosphate (KTP) laser welding (n = 8) or microneural suture (n = 16) techniques. Six months later, adductor function was measured again and expressed as a proportion of the pretreatment value.The mean laryngeal adductor pressure ratios were 82.4% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 72.8%-92.0%) for the laser repair group and 55.5% (95% CI: 49.4%-61.6%) for the suture control group, with a difference of 26.9% (95% CI

2019 Laryngoscope

12. Risk factors for laryngeal penetration-aspiration in patients with acute traumatic cervical spinal cord injury. (PubMed)

Risk factors for laryngeal penetration-aspiration in patients with acute traumatic cervical spinal cord injury. Laryngeal penetration-aspiration, the entry of material into the airways, is considered the most severe subtype of dysphagia and is common among patients with acute cervical spinal cord injury (SCI).The aim of this study was to investigate risk factors for penetration-aspiration in patients with acute traumatic cervical spinal cord injury (TCSCI).This is a prospective cohort

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2017 The Spine Journal

14. Incidence of Acute Laryngeal Injury Following Endotracheal Intubation

Incidence of Acute Laryngeal Injury Following Endotracheal Intubation Incidence of Acute Laryngeal Injury Following Endotracheal Intubation - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Incidence of Acute (...) : Vanderbilt University Medical Center Information provided by (Responsible Party): Alexander Gelbard, MD, Vanderbilt University Medical Center Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: The purpose of this investigation is to delineate the incidence of acute and chronic laryngeal injury following intubation within our health system. In addition, this study seeks to identify risk factors for airway injury that may provide information to help reduce the incidence of injury or increase the speed

2017 Clinical Trials

15. Acute airway emergency caused by an organic foreign body located in the laryngeal mucosa (PubMed)

Acute airway emergency caused by an organic foreign body located in the laryngeal mucosa 28458763 2018 11 13 1920-8642 8 2 2017 World journal of emergency medicine World J Emerg Med Acute airway emergency caused by an organic foreign body located in the laryngeal mucosa. 155-156 10.5847/wjem.j.1920-8642.2017.02.014 Droege Freya F Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, University Hospital Essen, University Duisburg-Essen, Hufelandstrasse 55, 45147 Essen, Germany. Schlueter

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2017 World journal of emergency medicine

16. Use of Larynx-Preservation Strategies in the Treatment of Laryngeal Cancer

Use of Larynx-Preservation Strategies in the Treatment of Laryngeal Cancer Use of Larynx-Preservation Strategies in the Treatment of Laryngeal Cancer: American Society of Clinical Oncology Clinical Practice Guideline Update | Journal of Clinical Oncology Search in: Menu Article Tools ASCO SPECIAL ARTICLE Article Tools OPTIONS & TOOLS COMPANION ARTICLES No companion articles ARTICLE CITATION DOI: 10.1200/JCO.2017.75.7385 Journal of Clinical Oncology - published online before print November 27 (...) , 2017 PMID: Use of Larynx-Preservation Strategies in the Treatment of Laryngeal Cancer: American Society of Clinical Oncology Clinical Practice Guideline Update x Arlene A. Forastiere , x Nofisat Ismaila , x Jan S. Lewin , x Cherie Ann Nathan , x David J. Adelstein , x Avraham Eisbruch , x Gail Fass , x Susan G. Fisher , x Scott A. Laurie , x Quynh-Thu Le , x Bernard O’Malley , x William M. Mendenhall , x Snehal Patel , x David G. Pfister , x Anthony F. Provenzano , x Randy Weber , x Gregory S

2017 American Society of Clinical Oncology Guidelines

17. Consensus Statement: Using Laryngeal Electromyography for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Vocal Cord Paralysis

: Introduction: The purpose of this study was to develop an evidence-based consensus statement regarding use of laryngeal electromyography (LEMG) for diagnosis and treat- ment of vocal fold paralysis after recurrent laryngeal neuropathy (RLN). Methods: Two questions regarding LEMG were ana- lyzed: (1) Does LEMG predict recovery in patients with acute unilateral or bilateral vocal fold paralysis? (2) Do LEMG findings change clinical management in these individuals? A systematic review was performed using (...) Consensus Statement: Using Laryngeal Electromyography for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Vocal Cord Paralysis AANEM PRACTICE TOPIC CONSENSUS STATEMENT: USING LARYNGEAL ELECTROMYOGRAPHY FOR THE DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT OF VOCAL CORD PARALYSIS MICHAEL C. MUNIN, MD, 1 YOLANDA D. HEMAN-ACKAH, MD, MS, 2,3 CLARK A. ROSEN, MD, 4 LUCIAN SULICA, MD, 5 NICOLE MARONIAN, MD, 6 STEVEN MANDEL, MD, 7 BRIDGET T. CAREY, MD, 8 EARL CRAIG, MD, 9 and GARY GRONSETH, MD 10 1 Department of Physical Medicine

2016 American Association of Neuromuscular & Electrodiagnostic Medicine

18. Consensus statement: using laryngeal electromyography for the diagnosis and treatment of vocal cord paralysis

: Introduction: The purpose of this study was to develop an evidence-based consensus statement regarding use of laryngeal electromyography (LEMG) for diagnosis and treat- ment of vocal fold paralysis after recurrent laryngeal neuropathy (RLN). Methods: Two questions regarding LEMG were ana- lyzed: (1) Does LEMG predict recovery in patients with acute unilateral or bilateral vocal fold paralysis? (2) Do LEMG findings change clinical management in these individuals? A systematic review was performed using (...) Consensus statement: using laryngeal electromyography for the diagnosis and treatment of vocal cord paralysis AANEM PRACTICE TOPIC CONSENSUS STATEMENT: USING LARYNGEAL ELECTROMYOGRAPHY FOR THE DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT OF VOCAL CORD PARALYSIS MICHAEL C. MUNIN, MD, 1 YOLANDA D. HEMAN-ACKAH, MD, MS, 2,3 CLARK A. ROSEN, MD, 4 LUCIAN SULICA, MD, 5 NICOLE MARONIAN, MD, 6 STEVEN MANDEL, MD, 7 BRIDGET T. CAREY, MD, 8 EARL CRAIG, MD, 9 and GARY GRONSETH, MD 10 1 Department of Physical Medicine

2016 American Academy of Neurology

19. Reversing Age Related Changes of the Laryngeal Muscles by Chronic Electrostimulation of the Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve. (PubMed)

Reversing Age Related Changes of the Laryngeal Muscles by Chronic Electrostimulation of the Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve. Age related atrophy of the laryngeal muscles -mainly the thyroarytenoid muscle (TAM)- leads to a glottal gap and consequently to a hoarse and dysphonic voice that significantly affects quality of life. The aim of our study was to reverse this atrophy by inducing muscular hypertrophy by unilateral functional electrical stimulation (FES) of the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN (...) ) in a large animal model using aged sheep (n = 5). Suitable stimulation parameters were determined by fatiguing experiments of the thyroarytenoid muscle in an acute trial. For the chronic trial an electrode was placed around the right RLN and stimulation was delivered once daily for 29 days. We chose a very conservative stimulation pattern, total stimulation time was two minutes per day, or 0.14% of total time. Overall, the mean muscle fiber diameter of the stimulated right TAM was significantly larger

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2016 PLoS ONE

20. [Study of the laryngeal mask airway for airway management in childrenwith acute severe tracheobronchial foreign body]. (PubMed)

[Study of the laryngeal mask airway for airway management in childrenwith acute severe tracheobronchial foreign body]. Objective:To explore the application of laryngeal mask airway in the management of respiratory tract after acute and severe tracheal foreign body removal in children, and to provide a safe and effective treatment for clinical treatment.Method:Seventy cases of children with acute severe tracheal or bronchial foreign body requiring mechanical ventilation transition were (...) randomized to receive, one group was using laryngeal mask airway for airway management after the foreign body was extracted and the bronchoscope was pulled out. Another group was using tracheal intubation. Both groups were received the same general anesthesia induction and maintenance. The blood pressure before induction, before and after insertion of LMA (TT), before and after extubation of LMA(TT) were monitored and recorded. Heart rate, tidal volume,respiratory rate,pulse oxygen saturation, and end

2016 Lin chuang er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Journal of clinical otorhinolaryngology, head, and neck surgery

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